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Global oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#1
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135363/total-and-subtotal-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-the-treatment-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-morbidity-and-oncological-outcomes
#2
Stefano Olmi, Riccardo Giorgi, Stefano Piero Bernardo Cioffi, Matteo Uccelli, Roberta Villa, Francesca Ciccarese, Bruno Scotto, Giorgio Castello, Gianluca Legnani, Giovanni Cesana
BACKGROUND: A debate is still surrounding the use of laparoscopic surgery for advanced gastric cancer (AGC) related to doubts about the requirements to satisfy oncologic criteria. The aim of this study is to analyze the oncological results, the intraoperative complications, and the short- and medium-term morbidity and mortality in patients with AGC who underwent subtotal laparoscopic gastrectomy (SLG) or total laparoscopic gastrectomy (TLG) with extended lymphadenectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed medical records of patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for AGC started laparoscopically with the intent of curative surgery, between July 2007 and October 2015...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129441/health-related-quality-of-life-results-for-pembrolizumab-versus-chemotherapy-in-advanced-pd-l1-positive-nsclc-keynote-024-a-multicentre-international-randomised-open-label-phase-3-trial
#3
Julie R Brahmer, Delvys Rodríguez-Abreu, Andrew G Robinson, Rina Hui, Tibor Csőszi, Andrea Fülöp, Maya Gottfried, Nir Peled, Ali Tafreshi, Sinead Cuffe, Mary O'Brien, Suman Rao, Katsuyuki Hotta, Jin Zhang, Gregory M Lubiniecki, Anne C Deitz, Reshma Rangwala, Martin Reck
BACKGROUND: In the phase 3 KEYNOTE-024 trial, treatment with pembrolizumab conferred longer progression-free survival than did platinum-based therapy in patients with treatment-naive, advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) tumour proportion score of 50% or greater (PD-L1-positive). Here we report the prespecified exploratory endpoint of pembrolizumab versus chemotherapy on patient-reported outcomes (PROs). METHODS: In this multicentre, international, randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial, we recruited patients with treatment-naive, stage IV NSCLC in 102 sites in 16 countries...
November 9, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126568/treatment-options-and-predictive-factors-for-recurrence-and-cancer-specific-mortality-in-bladder-cancer-after-renal-transplantation-a-multi-institutional-analysis
#4
O Rodriguez Faba, J Palou, H Vila Reyes, L Guirado, A Palazzetti, P Gontero, F Vigués, J Garcia-Olaverri, J M Fernández Gómez, J Olsburg, C Terrone, A Figueiredo, J Burgos, E Lledó, A Breda
OBJECTIVES: Bladder cancer (BC) in the transplanted population can represent a challenge owing to the immunosuppressed state of patients and the higher rate of comorbidities. The objective was to analyze the treatment of BC after renal transplant (RT), focusing on the mode of presentation, diagnosis, treatment options and predictive factors for recurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted an observational prospective study with a retrospective analysis of 88 patients with BC after RT at 10 European centers...
November 7, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123352/spiritual-needs-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-cancer
#5
Mansooreh Azizzadeh Forouzi, Batool Tirgari, Mohammad Hossein Safarizadeh, Yunes Jahani
Background and Aim: Information about spiritual needs and quality of life (QoL) is limited in Iranian cancer patients. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between spiritual needs and QoL among cancer patients in Iran. Methods: This correlational study included a convenience sample of 150 eligible cancer patients who were hospitalized in the oncology wards and outpatient clinics. Using two questionnaires; the spiritual needs survey and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL Questionnaire-C30 data were collected...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121889/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-medication-non-adherence-in-hematological-oncological-patients-in-their-home-situation
#6
Linda Bouwman, Corien M Eeltink, Otto Visser, Jeroen J W M Janssen, Jolanda M Maaskant
BACKGROUND: Medication non-adherence is associated with poor health outcomes and increased health care costs. Depending on definitions, reported non-adherence rates in cancer patients ranges between 16 and 100%, which illustrates a serious problem. In malignancy, non-adherence reduces chances of achievement of treatment response and may thereby lead to progression or even relapse. Except for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML), the extent of non-adherence has not been investigated in hematological-oncological patients in an outpatient setting...
November 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#7
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117441/actinic-keratosis-area-and-severity-index-akasi-is-associated-with-the-incidence-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
L Schmitz, T Gambichler, G Gupta, M Stücker, T Dirschka
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses (AKs) are commonly diagnosed clinically. Actinic keratosis area and severity index (AKASI) is a new easy-to-use tool to assess the severity of AK on the head. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between chronically UV-induced tumours such as basal cell carcinomas (BCC) or squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and AKASI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who had undergone oncological surgery due to UV-induced tumours and who were assessed for AKASI and Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) prior to surgery...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112863/the-liver
#9
Elijah Trefts, Maureen Gannon, David H Wasserman
The liver is a critical hub for numerous physiological processes. These include macronutrient metabolism, blood volume regulation, immune system support, endocrine control of growth signaling pathways, lipid and cholesterol homeostasis, and the breakdown of xenobiotic compounds, including many current drugs. Processing, partitioning, and metabolism of macronutrients provide the energy needed to drive the aforementioned processes and are therefore among the liver's most critical functions. Moreover, the liver's capacities to store glucose in the form of glycogen, with feeding, and assemble glucose via the gluconeogenic pathway, in response to fasting, are critical...
November 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104812/evaluation-of-the-co2-laser-therapy-on-vulvo-vaginal-atrophy-vva-in-oncological-patients-preliminary-results
#10
Isabella Pagano, Stefania Gieri, Francesca Nocera, Giuseppe Scibilia, Filippo Fraggetta, Antonio Galia, Mauro Gioè, Basilio Pecorino, Paolo Scollo
Objective: To evaluate the impact of fractionated CO2 laser therapy on vaginal atrophy and mild/moderate stress urinary incontinence (SUI) symptoms in patients with physiological or surgically-induced menopause. Materials and Methods: Post-menopausal patients (n = 33) presenting vaginal atrophy and/or SUI, underwent three vaginal CO2 laser treatment sessions, performed at 1-month intervals. Vaginal symptoms were evaluated using the Vaginal Health Index Score (VHI-S), Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) for dyspareunia and global patient satisfaction...
May 2017: Journal of Cancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103883/effect-of-brain-metastasis-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-advanced-nsclc-treated-in-real-world-community-oncology-settings
#11
Mark S Walker, William Wong, Arliene Ravelo, Paul J E Miller, Lee S Schwartzberg
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) might be affected by the presence of brain metastasis (BM). We report findings from a prospective observational study that examined HRQOL in patients newly diagnosed with advanced NSCLC, with or without baseline BM, through 1 year of follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients starting first-line treatment of stage IIIB/IV NSCLC were prospectively enrolled and consented at 34 US-based community oncology practices...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094101/secondary-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-asco-resource-stratified-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
Jose Jeronimo, Philip E Castle, Sarah Temin, Lynette Denny, Vandana Gupta, Jane J Kim, Silvana Luciani, Daniel Murokora, Twalib Ngoma, Youlin Qiao, Michael Quinn, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Peter Sasieni, Kathleen M Schmeler, Surendra S Shastri
Purpose: To provide resource-stratified, evidence-based recommendations on the secondary prevention of cervical cancer globally. Methods: ASCO convened a multidisciplinary, multinational panel of oncology, primary care, epidemiology, health economic, cancer control, public health, and patient advocacy experts to produce recommendations reflecting four resource-tiered settings. A review of existing guidelines, a formal consensus-based process, and a modified ADAPTE process to adapt existing guidelines were conducted...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094100/primary-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-resource-stratified-guideline
#13
Silvina Arrossi, Sarah Temin, Suzanne Garland, Linda O'Neal Eckert, Neerja Bhatla, Xavier Castellsagué, Sharifa Ezat Alkaff, Tamika Felder, Doudja Hammouda, Ryo Konno, Gilberto Lopes, Emmanuel Mugisha, Rául Murillo, Isabel C Scarinci, Margaret Stanley, Vivien Tsu, Cosette M Wheeler, Isaac Folorunso Adewole, Silvia de Sanjosé
Purpose: To provide resource-stratified (four tiers), evidence-based recommendations on the primary prevention of cervical cancer globally. Methods: The American Society of Clinical Oncology convened a multidisciplinary, multinational panel of oncology, obstetrics/gynecology, public health, cancer control, epidemiology/biostatistics, health economics, behavioral/implementation science, and patient advocacy experts. The Expert Panel reviewed existing guidelines and conducted a modified ADAPTE process and a formal consensus-based process with additional experts (consensus ratings group) for one round of formal ratings...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094099/improving-access-to-cancer-treatments-the-role-of-biosimilars
#14
Rakesh Chopra, Gilberto Lopes
Biologics play a key role in cancer treatment and are principal components of many therapeutic regimens. However, they require complex manufacturing processes, resulting in high cost and occasional shortages in supply. The cost of biologics limits accessibility of cancer treatment for many patients. Effective and affordable cancer therapies are needed globally, more so in developing countries, where health care resources can be limited. Biosimilars, which have biologic activity comparable to their corresponding reference drugs and are often more cost effective, have the potential to enhance treatment accessibility for patients and provide alternatives for decision makers (ie, prescribers, regulators, payers, policymakers, and drug developers)...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094097/barriers-and-challenges-to-treatment-alternatives-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-in-lower-resource-settings
#15
REVIEW
Emily S Wu, Jose Jeronimo, Sarah Feldman
Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women worldwide, and approximately 85% of new diagnoses occur in less-developed regions of the world. Global efforts in cervical cancer to date have focused on primary and secondary prevention strategies of human papillomavirus vaccination and cervical cancer screening. Cervical cancer screening is effective to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer and can result in diagnosis at earlier stages, but it will take time to realize its full impact. With expansion of screening programs, there is now a greater imperative to increase access to treatment for women who have cervical cancer, particularly in earlier stages of disease, when it is still curable...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080658/indications-and-controversies-in-partial-mastectomy-defect-reconstruction
#16
REVIEW
Jean-François Honart, Anne-Sophie Reguesse, Samuel Struk, Benjamin Sarfati, Françoise Rimareix, Heba Alkhashnam, Frédéric Kolb, Kessara Rem, Nicolas Leymarie
Breast cancer surgical treatment nowadays includes oncoplastic surgery. It is a reliable oncologic surgical treatment, which also prevents functional and aesthetic sequelae, thus improving the patient's quality of life and satisfaction. Numerous techniques have been described, with different levels of complexity and technicality. Their indications differ depending on the global breast volume and the degree of ptosis, on the tumor volume compared with the breast volume, and on the tumor location. This article describes the authors' many years of experience of breast cancer treatment using oncoplastic surgery...
January 2018: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074284/retroperitoneal-robot-assisted-versus-open-partial-nephrectomy-for-ct1-renal-tumors-a-matched-pair-comparison-of-perioperative-and-early-oncological-outcomes
#17
Marco Borghesi, Riccardo Schiavina, Francesco Chessa, Lorenzo Bianchi, Gaetano La Manna, Angelo Porreca, Eugenio Brunocilla
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare perioperative and early oncological outcomes of a matched cohort of patients who underwent retroperitoneal robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RP-RAPN) and open partial nephrectomy (OPN) for clinically localized renal tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent RP-RAPN and OPN treated at 2 referral centers from January 2011 to December 2015. We focused on the following postoperative outcomes: warm ischemia time (WIT), operative time, blood loss, intra- and postoperative complications, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), hospital stay, and positive surgical margins...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063855/potential-role-of-the-quality-assurance-review-center-platform-in-global-radiation-oncology
#18
EDITORIAL
Wilfred Ngwa, Emmanuel Ikhile, Atara Ntekim, Nwamaka Lasebikan, Adewumi Alabi, Uchechukwu N Shagaya, Fatiregun Omolara, Musa Ali-Gombe, Adamu Danladi Bojude, Mamsau Ngoma, Twalib Ngoma, Madar Bhagwat, Omoruyi Credit Irabor, Jonathan Schoenfeld, Paul Nguyen, Erno Sajo, Fran Laurie, Janaki Moni, Thomas J Fitzgerald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062458/bariatric-surgery-and-incidental-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-a-single-center-study-vsj-competition-1-st-place
#19
Maciej Walędziak, Anna Różańska-Walędziak, Piotr K Kowalewski, Michał R Janik, Jakub Brągoszewski, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), originating from Cajal cells, are most commonly located in the stomach; therefore they can be found in the specimens excised during bariatric operations. The global prevalence of GISTs is about 130 cases per million population. Morbidity differs depending on geographical latitude. Although surgery is the treatment of choice for GISTs, 40-50% of patients after radical surgical treatment will have a relapse or metastases. AIM: To analyze the incidence of GISTs in patients undergoing bariatric surgery and to verify whether an operation performed according to the bariatric protocol is oncologically radical in case of GIST...
September 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034669/-the-seintinelles-an-innovative-approach-to-promoting-community-based-research-and-sustaining-health-democracy-in-oncology
#20
Charlotte Bauquier, Myriam Pannard, Marie Préau
Community-based research drives innovation in major fields of public health, HIV/AIDS being the most emblematic example (Demange, Henry & Préau, 2012), and hepatitis. However, this type of research appears to be more difficult to develop in certain specific diseases, such as cancer (Shankand, Saïas & Friboulet, 2009). This article proposes various approaches concerning current citizen mobilization in relation to cancer research, including potential new levers to the development of participative and community-based research based on the recent creation of the Seintinelles platform, designed to federate researchers and citizens concerned by the problem of cancer...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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