keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Global oncology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426537/supportive-care-needs-and-association-with-quality-of-life-of-mexican-adults-with-solid-cancers
#1
Svetlana V Doubova, Maria Guadalupe Casales-Hernández, Ricardo Perez-Cuevas
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer have supportive care needs. Studies that analyze the relationship between supportive care needs and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are scarce. Cultural differences in supportive care needs and perceived QoL are also worth analyzing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between supportive care needs and HRQoL of Mexican adults given a diagnosis of solid cancers. METHODS: We performed a secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional survey of 825 adult patients with cancer treated at the Oncology Hospital of the Mexican Institute of Social Security...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425888/-satisfa%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-com-o-internato-m%C3%A3-dico-em-portugal
#2
Miguel Bigotte Vieira, Pedro Godinho, Nuno Gaibino, Raquel Dias, Agostinho Sousa, Inês Madanelo, Francisco Ribeiro-Mourão, Mariana Brandão, Sónia Duarte, Tiago Meirinhos, Ana Luísa Catarino, Cláudio Espírito Santo, Ricardo Caiado, Ricardo Marques, Ana Gonçalves Ferreira, Carlos Ramalheira, João Valente Jorge, Marta Losada, Mário Santos, Edson Oliveira, João Paulo Farias, José Manuel Silva
INTRODUCTION: In the last years, the global context of medical education and Medical Residency programs in Portugal suffered substantial changes. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate and characterize medical residents ́ satisfaction with medical residency programs in Portugal and to identify features that could be improved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We utilized as model the survey Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure that has been developed in the United Kingdom and is speci cally targeted to medical residents...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424766/the-need-for-hematology-nurse-education-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-community-case-study-in-tanzania
#3
Julie M Buser
Hematology-related diseases, such as anemia, malaria, sickle cell disease (SCD), and blood cancers, have differing rates of survival between high-income and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Nurses in LMICs have an unmet need for specialty training and education to address hematology and hemato-oncology disorders. A gap in the literature exists about hematology nurse education and clinical service demands in LMICs. This community case study documents a collaborative hematology and basic hemato-oncology education program to sustainably strengthen nurse capacity at a national referral hospital and university in Tanzania...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411119/worldwide-comparison-of-survival-from-childhood-leukaemia-for-1995-2009-by-subtype-age-and-sex-concord-2-a-population-based-study-of-individual-data-for-89%C3%A2-828-children-from-198-registries-in-53-countries
#4
Audrey Bonaventure, Rhea Harewood, Charles A Stiller, Gemma Gatta, Jacqueline Clavel, Daniela C Stefan, Helena Carreira, Devon Spika, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Rafael Peris-Bonet, Marion Piñeros, Milena Sant, Claudia E Kuehni, Michael F G Murphy, Michel P Coleman, Claudia Allemani
BACKGROUND: Global inequalities in access to health care are reflected in differences in cancer survival. The CONCORD programme was designed to assess worldwide differences and trends in population-based cancer survival. In this population-based study, we aimed to estimate survival inequalities globally for several subtypes of childhood leukaemia. METHODS: Cancer registries participating in CONCORD were asked to submit tumour registrations for all children aged 0-14 years who were diagnosed with leukaemia between Jan 1, 1995, and Dec 31, 2009, and followed up until Dec 31, 2009...
April 11, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410284/european-surgical-education-and-training-in-gynecologic-oncology-the-impact-of-an-accredited-fellowship
#5
Luis M Chiva, Jose Mínguez, Denis Querleu, David Cibula, Andreas du Bois
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the current situation of surgical education and training in Europe among members of the European Society of Gynecological Oncology (ESGO) and its impact on the daily surgical practice of those that have completed an accredited fellowship in gynecologic oncology. METHODS: A questionnaire addressing topics of interest in surgical training was designed and sent to ESGO members with surgical experience in gynecologic oncology...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403837/effect-of-individualized-communication-skills-training-on-physicians-discussion-of-clinical-trials-in-oncology-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Alexander Wuensch, Tanja Goelz, Gabriele Ihorst, Darcey D Terris, Hartmut Bertz, Juergen Bengel, Michael Wirsching, Kurt Fritzsche
BACKGROUND: Discussing randomized clinical trials (RCTs) with cancer patients is one of the most challenging communication tasks a physician faces. Only two prior Communication Skills Trainings (CSTs) focused on RCTs in oncology have been reported. Their results demonstrated the need for further improvement. We developed and evaluated an enhanced, individually-tailored CST focused on improving physicians' communication during discussions of RCTs. METHODS: The CST focused on personal learning goals derived from video pre-assessment that were addressed in a 1...
April 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399840/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-morbidity-and-functional-outcome-of-endoscopic-transanal-proctectomy-versus-laparoscopic-proctectomy-for-low-lying-rectal-cancer-etap-greccar-11-trial-rationale-and-design
#7
Bernard Lelong, Cécile de Chaisemartin, Helene Meillat, Sandra Cournier, Jean Marie Boher, Dominique Genre, Mehdi Karoui, Jean Jacques Tuech, Jean Robert Delpero
BACKGROUND: Total mesorectal excision is the standard surgical treatment for mid- and low-rectal cancer. Laparoscopy represents a clear leap forward in the management of rectal cancer patients, offering significant improvements in post-operative measures such as pain, first bowel movement, and hospital length of stay. However, there are still some limits to its applications, especially in difficult cases. Such cases may entail either conversion to an open procedure or positive resection margins...
April 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393991/-quality-of-life-in-chilean-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
M Elisa Irarrázaval, Pascale Kleinman, Fernando Silva R, Loreto Fernández González, Camilo Torres, Marcela Fritis, Carolina Barriga, Herman Waintrub
BACKGROUND: Quality of Life (QOL) assessment may evaluate the impact of diseases and their treatment on the overall well-being of patients. AIM: To assess QOL in Chilean breast cancer survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety one female breast cancer patients aged 60 ± 10 years, who finished their oncologic treatment at least a year prior to the assessment, who were disease free and in medical follow-up were included in the study. They completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 core questionnaire and the breast cancer module QLQ-BR23...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385370/thyroid-cancer-surgery-guidelines-in-an-era-of-de-escalation
#9
REVIEW
K J Kovatch, C W Hoban, A G Shuman
Well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma has seen a tremendous rise in global incidence over the past three decades, largely owing to widespread screening and identification of small, incidentally detected tumors. With this increased incidence has emerged a movement questioning whether all cases of thyroid cancer merit a treatment approach focused on oncologic completeness. Such trends towards thoughtful, evidence-based treatment de-escalation paradigms reflect better risk stratification of thyroid cancers, and recognition that not all detected disease poses a threat to health or survival...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384684/an-international-collaborative-standardizing-a-comprehensive-patient-centered-outcomes-measurement-set-for-colorectal-cancer
#10
Jessica A Zerillo, Maartje G Schouwenburg, Annelotte C M van Bommel, Caleb Stowell, Jacob Lippa, Donna Bauer, Ann M Berger, Gilles Boland, Josep M Borras, Mary K Buss, Robert Cima, Eric Van Cutsem, Eino B van Duyn, Samuel R G Finlayson, Skye Hung-Chun Cheng, Corinna Langelotz, John Lloyd, Andrew C Lynch, Harvey J Mamon, Pamela K McAllister, Bruce D Minsky, Joanne Ngeow, Muhammad R Abu Hassan, Kim Ryan, Veena Shankaran, Melissa P Upton, John Zalcberg, Cornelis J van de Velde, Rob Tollenaar
Importance: Global health systems are shifting toward value-based care in an effort to drive better outcomes in the setting of rising health care costs. This shift requires a common definition of value, starting with the outcomes that matter most to patients. Objective: The International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM), a nonprofit initiative, was formed to define standard sets of outcomes by medical condition. In this article, we report the efforts of ICHOM's working group in colorectal cancer...
April 6, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382608/malnutrition-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Jacek Polański, Beata Jankowska-Polańska, Izabella Uchmanowicz, Mariusz Chabowski, Dariusz Janczak, Grzegorz Mazur, Joanna Rosińczuk
Progressive weight loss, common reduces performance and quality of life in patients with advanced lung cancer. However, there is a paucity of studies that focus on nutritional status and quality of life of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The present study seeks to determine the nutritional status, and its relation to quality of life, of NSCLC patients. One hundred and eighty NSCLC patients (mean age 62.8 ± 9.6 years) were evaluated during therapy at the Lower Silesian Center of Lung Diseases in Wroclaw, Poland...
April 6, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378074/pancreas-related-complications-following-gastrectomy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-open-versus-minimally-invasive-surgery
#12
Francesco Guerra, Giuseppe Giuliani, Martina Iacobone, Paolo Pietro Bianchi, Andrea Coratti
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreas-related complications are quite uncommon but potentially life-threatening occurrences that may occasionally complicate the postoperative course of gastrectomy. A number of reports have described such conditions after both standard open and minimally invasive surgery. Our study has the purpose to systematically determine the pooled incidence of pancreatic events following radical gastrectomy. We also aimed to elucidate whether any difference in incidence exists between patients operated via conventional open or minimally invasive surgery...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372924/implementation-and-first-results-of-a-tablet-based-assessment-referring-to-patient-reported-outcomes-in-an-inpatient-cancer-care-unit
#13
Markus Schuler, Freya Trautmann, Mirko Radloff, Leopold Hentschel, Thomas Petzold, Maria Eberlein-Gonska, Gerhard Ehninger, Jochen Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Inclusion of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in routine cancer care is of key importance for individualized treatment, shared decision making and patient satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation under routine conditions of an electronic self-administered PRO assessment and comparison of PROs before and after inpatient treatment in oncologic care. METHODS: In a tablet-based survey PROs on symptom burden, global health status/ quality of life (QoL) and health utility were collected twice (at hospital admission and discharge) in an inpatient oncological setting over a 17-month period using the EORTC QLQ-C30 and EQ-5D questionnaires...
March 31, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370975/international-evolution-in-aya-oncology-current-status-and-future-expectations
#14
REVIEW
Andrea Ferrari, Ronald D Barr
Adolescents and Young Adults (AYAs) contribute approximately 1 million incident cases globally, but the great majority are underserved. In high-income countries, overall survival exceeds 80%, but the needs of this population during and after their treatment experience are poorly met, though specialized clinical programs are evolving. Engagement of national governments is advantageous and deployment of multidisciplinary teams essential. Collaboration between pediatric and adult healthcare providers is mandatory and AYAs must be given a strong voice in program development...
March 30, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356771/nab-paclitaxel-for-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-cancer
#15
REVIEW
George Kim
BACKGROUND: Nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-P) plus gemcitabine (Gem) became a standard treatment option for metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) following positive results from a global phase III trial (MPACT). A large number of studies have now published results on the use of nab-P/Gem to treat advanced and early-stage disease, warranting a comprehensive review. The main goal of this systematic review is to summarize the efficacy and safety data of nab-P/Gem for the treatment of pancreatic cancer (PC)...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345368/sponsors-and-investigative-staffs-perceptions-of-the-current-investigational-new-drug-safety-reporting-process-in-oncology-trials
#16
Raymond Perez, Patrick Archdeacon, Nancy Roach, Robert Goodwin, Jonathan Jarow, Nina Stuccio, Annemarie Forrest
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Food and Drug Administration's final rule on investigational new drug application safety reporting, effective from 28 March 2011, clarified the reporting requirements for serious and unexpected suspected adverse reactions occurring in clinical trials. The Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative released recommendations in 2013 to assist implementation of the final rule; however, anecdotal reports and data from a Food and Drug Administration audit indicated that a majority of reports being submitted were still uninformative and did not result in actionable changes...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344933/precision-medicine-the-golden-gate-for-detection-treatment-and-prevention-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
H Hampel, S E O'Bryant, J I Castrillo, C Ritchie, K Rojkova, K Broich, N Benda, R Nisticò, R A Frank, B Dubois, V Escott-Price, S Lista
During this decade, breakthrough conceptual shifts have commenced to emerge in the field of Alzheimer's disease (AD) recognizing risk factors and the non-linear dynamic continuum of complex pathophysiologies amongst a wide dimensional spectrum of multi-factorial brain proteinopathies/neurodegenerative diseases. As is the case in most fields of medicine, substantial advancements in detecting, treating and preventing AD will likely evolve from the generation and implementation of a systematic precision medicine strategy...
December 2016: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325248/bridging-innovation-and-outreach-to-overcome-global-gaps-in-radiation-oncology-through-information-and-communication-tools-trainee-advancement-engaging-industry-attention-to-ethical-challenges-and-political-advocacy
#18
REVIEW
Luqman Dad, Trevor J Royce, Zachary Morris, Meena Moran, Todd Pawlicki, Deepak Khuntia, Patricia Hardenbergh, Bernard Cummings, Nina Mayr, Kenneth Hu
An evolving paradigm in global outreach in radiation oncology has been the implementation of a more region-specific, needs-based approach to help close the gap in radiation services to low- and middle-income countries through the use of innovative tools in information and communication technology. This report highlights 4 information and communication technology tools in action today: (1) the NCCN Framework for Resource Stratification of NCCN guidelines, (2) ASTRO e-Contouring, (3) i.treatsafely.org, and (4) ChartRounds...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325246/challenges-and-prospects-for-providing-radiation-oncology-services-in-africa
#19
REVIEW
Onyinye Balogun, Danielle Rodin, Wilfred Ngwa, Surbhi Grover, John Longo
There are considerable challenges to meeting the demands of the impending cancer crisis in Africa. These include a rising incidence of cancer and cancer-related deaths, equipment and maintenance costs, and deficits in human resources and training. Addressing these issues would be crucial to tackling the increasing burden of cancer on the continent. Innovations in technology and collaborative efforts within the global oncology community have created promising solutions for establishing quality cancer care in Africa and eradicating the massive disparities that currently exist...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325244/perspectives-on-patient-access-to-radiation-oncology-services-in-south-america
#20
REVIEW
Beatriz Amendola, Aldo Quarneti, Arthur Accioly Rosa, Gustavo Sarria, Marco Amendola
Cancer represents a fast-growing challenge worldwide, and is being recognized as an emerging and critical issue in low- and middle-income countries, such most of South America. This subcontinent is unique for its geography, culture, and ethnical diversity. Most of its countries have large expanses of jungle and desert where underserved population groups including indigenous (native Indians), represent a challenge for cancer care. Many indigent patients have no access to preventive care nor early diagnosis. This results in late presentations with advanced disease and frequently incurable cancer...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
keyword
keyword
15240
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"