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Desulfovibrio vulgaris PerR

Mafalda C O Figueiredo, Susana A L Lobo, João N Carita, Lígia S Nobre, Lígia M Saraiva
Intracellular free iron, is under aerobic conditions and via the Fenton reaction a catalyst for the formation of harmful reactive oxygen species. In this article, we analyzed the relation between intracellular iron storage and oxidative stress response in the sulfate reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough, an anaerobe that is often found in oxygenated niches. To this end, we investigated the role of the iron storage protein bacterioferritin using transcriptomic and physiological approaches...
August 2012: Anaerobe
Janine D Wildschut, Sean M Caffrey, Johanna K Voordouw, Gerrit Voordouw
Inactivation of PerR by oxidative stress and a corresponding increase in expression of the perR regulon genes is part of the oxidative stress defense in a variety of anaerobic bacteria. Diluted anaerobic, nearly sulfide-free cultures of mutant and wild-type Desulfovibrio vulgaris (10(5)-10(6) colony-forming units/ml) were treated with 0 to 2,500 μM H(2)O(2) for only 5 min to prevent readjustment of gene expression. Survivors were then scored by plating. The wild type and perR mutant had 50% survival at 58 and 269 μM H(2)O(2), respectively, indicating the latter to be 4...
February 2012: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Andrei L Brioukhanov, Marie-Claire Durand, Alain Dolla, Corinne Aubert
We studied the effect of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) stress on the anaerobic sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough. In a lactate/sulfate medium, growth was affected from 0.1 mM H(2)O(2) and totally inhibited at 0.7 mM. Surprisingly, transcript analyses revealed that the PerR regulon exhibited opposite regulation in the presence of 0.1 and 0.3 mM H(2)O(2). The variations in peroxidase- and superoxide dismutase-specific activities in the cell-free extracts of H(2)O(2)-stressed cultures were related to changes in the corresponding transcript abundance...
September 1, 2010: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Aifen Zhou, Zhili He, Alyssa M Redding-Johanson, Aindrila Mukhopadhyay, Christopher L Hemme, Marcin P Joachimiak, Feng Luo, Ye Deng, Kelly S Bender, Qiang He, Jay D Keasling, David A Stahl, Matthew W Fields, Terry C Hazen, Adam P Arkin, Judy D Wall, Jizhong Zhou
To understand how sulphate-reducing bacteria respond to oxidative stresses, the responses of Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough to H(2)O(2)-induced stresses were investigated with transcriptomic, proteomic and genetic approaches. H(2)O(2) and induced chemical species (e.g. polysulfide, ROS) and redox potential shift increased the expressions of the genes involved in detoxification, thioredoxin-dependent reduction system, protein and DNA repair, and decreased those involved in sulfate reduction, lactate oxidation and protein synthesis...
October 2010: Environmental Microbiology
Aindrila Mukhopadhyay, Alyssa M Redding, Marcin P Joachimiak, Adam P Arkin, Sharon E Borglin, Paramvir S Dehal, Romy Chakraborty, Jil T Geller, Terry C Hazen, Qiang He, Dominique C Joyner, Vincent J J Martin, Judy D Wall, Zamin Koo Yang, Jizhong Zhou, Jay D Keasling
The responses of the anaerobic, sulfate-reducing organism Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough to low-oxygen exposure (0.1% O(2)) were monitored via transcriptomics and proteomics. Exposure to 0.1% O(2) caused a decrease in the growth rate without affecting viability. Concerted upregulation of the predicted peroxide stress response regulon (PerR) genes was observed in response to the 0.1% O(2) exposure. Several of the candidates also showed increases in protein abundance. Among the remaining small number of transcript changes was the upregulation of the predicted transmembrane tetraheme cytochrome c(3) complex...
August 2007: Journal of Bacteriology
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