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Blood type lectin

Amna K E Awadallah, Makarim Elfadil M Osman, Mariam A Ibrahim, Emerson S Bernardes, Marcelo Dias-Baruffi, Emadeldin Hassan E Konozy
Three isolectins denoted hereforth MBaL-30, MBaL-60, and MBaL-80 were isolated from seeds extract of Momordica balsamina by 30%, 60%, and 80% ammonium sulfate saturations, respectively. The native molecular weights of these lectins, as judged by gel filtration, were 108, 56, and 160 kDa, respectively. On SDS-PAGE, under reduced condition, 27 kDa band was obtained for all isolectins. The lectins hemagglutinating activities were variably inhibited by d-galactose (minimum inhibitory concentrations = 12.5mM, 50mM, and 0...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
Daniela Damasceno, Martín Pérez Andrés, Wouter Bl van den Bossche, Juan Flores-Montero, Sandra de Bruin, Cristina Teodosio, Jacques Jm van Dongen, Alberto Orfao, Julia Almeida
Although major steps have been recently made in understanding the role of the distinct subsets of dendritic cells (DC)/antigen-presenting cells (APC), further studies are required to unravel their precise role, including in-depth immunophenotypic characterisation of these cells. Here, we used eight-colour flow cytometry to investigate the reactivity of a panel of 72 monoclonal antibodies (including those clustered in seven new Cluster of Differentiation, CD) on different subsets of APC in peripheral blood (PB) samples from five healthy adults...
September 2016: Clinical & Translational Immunology
Abirami Arasu, Venkatesh Kumaresan, Rajesh Palanisamy, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Munuswamy-Ramanujam Ganesh, Jesu Arockiaraj
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are innate molecules that are found in a wide variety of species ranging from bacteria to humans. In recent years, excessive usage of antibiotics resulted in development of multi-drug resistant pathogens which made researchers to focus on AMPs as potential substitute for antibiotics. Lily type mannose-binding lectin is an extended super-family of structurally and evolutionarily related sugar binding proteins. These lectins are well-known AMPs which play important roles in fish defense mechanism...
October 8, 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Xue-Peng Li, Yong-Hua Hu
In this study, we examined the expression patterns and the functions of the tongue sole Cynoglossus semilaevis CD94, CsCD94. CsCD94 is composed of 209 amino acid residues and shares 43.0-50.2% overall identities with known teleost CD94 sequence. CsCD94 has a C-type lectin-like domain. Expression of CsCD94 occurred in multiple tissues and was upregulated during bacterial infection. Recombinant CsCD94 (rCsCD94) exhibited apparent binding and agglutinating activities against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner...
October 5, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Junfei Wei, Ashish Damania, Xin Gao, Zhuyun Liu, Rojelio Mejia, Makedonka Mitreva, Ulrich Strych, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Peter J Hotez, Bin Zhan
BACKGROUND: The intestine of hookworms contains enzymes and proteins involved in the blood-feeding process of the parasite and is therefore a promising source of possible vaccine antigens. One such antigen, the hemoglobin-digesting intestinal aspartic protease known as Na-APR-1 from the human hookworm Necator americanus, is currently a lead candidate antigen in clinical trials, as is Na-GST-1 a heme-detoxifying glutathione S-transferase. METHODS: In order to discover additional hookworm vaccine antigens, messenger RNA was obtained from the intestine of male hookworms, Ancylostoma ceylanicum, maintained in hamsters...
September 27, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
Sailesh C Harwani, Jason Ratcliff, Fayyaz S Sutterwala, Zuhair K Ballas, David K Meyerholz, Mark W Chapleau, Francois Abboud
RATIONALE: Renal inflammation contributes to the pathophysiology of hypertension. CD161a+ immune cells are dominant in the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR) and expand in response to nicotinic cholinergic activation. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to phenotype CD161a+ immune cells in pre-hypertensive SHR following cholinergic activation with nicotine, and determine if these cells are involved in renal inflammation and the development of hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: Studies utilized young SHR and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats...
September 22, 2016: Circulation Research
Rudolf Lucas, Qiang Yue, Abdel Alli, Billie Jeanne Duke, Otor Al-Khalili, Tiffany L Thai, Jürg Hamacher, Supriya Sridhar, Iryna Lebedyeva, Huabo Su, Susan Tzotzos, Bernhard Fischer, Armanda Formigoa Gameiro, Maria Loose, Trinad Chakraborty, Waheed Shabbir, Mohammed Aufy, Rosa Lemmens-Gruber, Douglas C Eaton, Istvan Czikora
Regulation of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), which regulates fluid homeostasis and blood pressure, is complex and remains incompletely understood. The TIP peptide, a mimic of the lectin-like domain of TNF, activates ENaC, by binding to glycosylated residues in the extracellular loop of ENaC-α, as well as to a hitherto uncharacterized internal site. Molecular docking studies suggested three residues - Val567, Glu568 and Glu571 - located at the interface between the second transmembrane and carboxy-terminal domains of ENaC-α, as a critical site for binding of the TIP peptide...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ritu Rawal, Sonam Vijay, Kavita Kadian, Jagbir Singh, Veena Pande, Arun Sharma
In order to understand the importance of functional proteins in mosquito behavior, following blood meal, a baseline proteomic dataset is essential for providing insights into the physiology of blood feeding. Therefore, in this study as first step, in solution and 1-D electrophoresis digestion approach combined with tandem mass spectrometry (nano LC-MS/MS) and computational bioinformatics for data mining was used to prepare a baseline proteomic catalogue of salivary gland proteins of sugar fed An. culicifacies mosquitoes...
2016: PloS One
Edgar Ramos-Martínez, Ricardo Lascurain, Eda Patricia Tenorio, Antonio Sánchez-González, Karina Chávez-Rueda, Luis Chávez-Sánchez, Luis J Jara-Quezada, Raúl Chávez-Sánchez, Edgar Zenteno, Francisco Blanco-Favela
T cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) show a decreased activation threshold and increased apoptosis. These processes seem to be regulated by glycosylated molecules on the T cell surface. Here, we determined through flow cytometry the expression of mucin-type O-glycans on T helper cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 23 SLE patients and its relation with disease activity. We used lectins specific for the disaccharide Gal-GalNAc, such as Amaranthus leucocarpus lectin (ALL), Artocarpus integrifolia lectin (jacalin) and Arachis hypogaea lectin (peanut agglutinin, PNA), as well as lectins for sialic acid such as Sambucus nigra agglutinin (SNA) and Maakia amurensis agglutinin (MAA)...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
S Krishna Priya, Kishore Kumar, K R Hiran, M R Bindhu, Rohit P Nagare, D K Vijaykumar, T S Ganesan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate microvessel density (MVD) as assessed by C-type lectin 14A (CLEC14A), which is a new marker for endothelial cells, and compare its expression to CD31 and CD105 in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: MVD was evaluated in tumors (n = 50) from patients with EOC who underwent primary surgery and in patients with EOC who received preoperative chemotherapy (n = 49) using immunohistochemistry with antibodies to CLEC14A, CD31 and CD105...
August 27, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Lili Gao, Yu Han, Hongkuan Deng, Wenjing Hu, Hui Zhen, Na Li, Nianci Qin, Meihui Yan, Weiwei Wu, Baohua Liu, Bosheng Zhao, Qiuxiang Pang
Planarian, a representative of platyhelminthes, has strong regeneration ability and less complicated innate immune system. However, planarian immune system remains poorly understood. In this paper, a novel C-type lectin-like protein, namely, DjCTL was identified and characterized in Dugesia japonica. DjCTL was mainly expressed in the pharyngeal and epidermis and up-regulated upon the induction of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), peptidoglycan (PGN), Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria indicating that DjCTL may be involved in the immune responses...
August 23, 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Yuta Sugiyama, Aina Gotoh, Toshihiko Katoh, Yuji Honda, Erina Yoshida, Shin Kurihara, Hisashi Ashida, Hidehiko Kumagai, Kenji Yamamoto, Motomitsu Kitaoka, Takane Katayama
Fucα1-2 Gal linkages, or H-antigens, constitute histo-blood group antigens and are involved in various physiological processes. In addition, recent studies have shown that the H-antigen-containing glycans play an important role, not only in establishing harmonious relationship between gut microbes and the host, but also in preventing gut dysbiosis-related diseases. Therefore, development of an efficient method for introducing Fuc residue at Gal residue at the non-reducing end of glycans via α-(1→2) linkage is desired for research as well as medicinal purposes...
August 22, 2016: Glycobiology
Ines Joachim, Sebastian Rikker, Dirk Hauck, Daniela Ponader, Sophia Boden, Roman Sommer, Laura Hartmann, Alexander Titz
Infections with the Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa result in a high mortality among immunocompromised patients and those with cystic fibrosis. The pathogen can switch from planktonic life to biofilms, and thereby shields itself against antibiotic treatment and host immune defense to establish chronic infections. The bacterial protein LecA, a C-type lectin, is a virulence factor and an integral component for biofilm formation. Inhibition of LecA with its carbohydrate ligands results in reduced biofilm mass, a potential Achilles heel for treatment...
August 16, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Emmanuel A Fadeyi, Robert J Stratta, Alan C Farney, Gregory J Pomper
OBJECTIVES: Transplantation of the blood group A2B in a recipient was successfully performed in the setting of receiving a deceased donor kidney from an "incompatible" A1B donor. METHODS: The donor and recipient were both typed for ABO blood group, including ABO genotyping. The donor and recipient were tested for ABO, non-ABO, and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies. The donor and recipient were typed for HLA antigens, including T- and B-flow cytometry crossmatch tests...
August 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Miaomiao Shao, Lili Li, Shushu Song, Weicheng Wu, Peike Peng, Caiting Yang, Mingming Zhang, Fangfang Duan, Dongwei Jia, Jie Zhang, Hao Wu, Ran Zhao, Lan Wang, Yuanyuan Ruan, Jianxin Gu
C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2) was originally identified as a member of non-classical C-type lectin-like receptors in platelets and immune cells. Activation of CLEC-2 is involved in thrombus formation, lymphatic/blood vessel separation, platelet-mediated tumor metastasis and immune response. Nevertheless, the regulation of CLEC-2 expression is little understood. In this study, we identified that the C terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) interacted with CLEC-2 by mass spectrometry analysis, and CHIP decreased the protein expression of CLEC-2 through lysine-48-linked ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation...
October 2016: Cellular Signalling
Štefan Belický, Jaroslav Katrlík, Ján Tkáč
A short description about the importance of glycan biorecognition in physiological (blood cell type) and pathological processes (infections by human and avian influenza viruses) is provided in this review. Glycans are described as much better information storage media, compared to proteins or DNA, due to the extensive variability of glycan structures. Techniques able to detect an exact glycan structure are briefly discussed with the main focus on the application of lectins (glycan-recognising proteins) in the specific analysis of glycans still attached to proteins or cells/viruses...
June 30, 2016: Essays in Biochemistry
K Lundberg, F Rydnert, S Broos, M Andersson, L Greiff, M Lindstedt
Basophils are emerging as immunoregulatory cells capable of interacting with their environment not only via their characteristic IgE-mediated activation, but also in an IgE-independent manner. Basophils are known to express and respond to stimulation via TLR2, TLR4, DC-SIGN and DCIR, but whether basophils also express other C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) is largely unknown. In this study, we investigate the CLR expression profile of human basophils using multicolour flow cytometry. As FcRs as well as some CLRs are associated with allergen recognition and shown to be involved in subsequent immune responses, the expression of CLRs and FcRs on peripheral blood basophils, as well as their frequency, was monitored for 1 year in subjects undergoing subcutaneous allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT)...
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Jaw-Ji Tsai, Hsin-Chieh Wang, Chih-Liang Chiu, En-Chih Liao
The innate signaling pathway for Th2 immunity activated by inhaled allergens has not been well defined. Dendritic cells (DCs) can use their innate pattern-recognition Toll-like receptors and C-type lectin receptors to generate innate immunity and influence adaptive responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the glycoform of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus group 7 allergen (Der p 7) and its functional interaction with dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN)...
November 2016: Immunobiology
Tsun-Ho Lo, Pablo A Silveira, Phillip D Fromm, Nirupama D Verma, Phi A Vu, Fiona Kupresanin, Rhonda Adam, Masato Kato, Victoria C Cogger, Georgina J Clark, Derek N J Hart
C-type lectin receptors play important roles in immune cell interactions with the environment. We described CD302 as the simplest, single domain, type I C-type lectin receptor and showed it was expressed mainly on the myeloid phagocytes in human blood. CD302 colocalized with podosomes and lamellopodia structures, so we hypothesized that it played a role in cell adhesion or migration. In this study, we used mouse models to obtain further insights into CD302 expression and its potential immunological function...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Namita Rout
Expression of the C-type lectin-like receptor CD161 by human T cells is associated with type-17 responses, which play critical regulatory roles in immunity and inflammation at mucosal sites. However, the functions of CD161-expressing T cells in macaques, the pre-clinical model of several human diseases, remain unknown. This study examined the phenotypic and functional characteristics of CD161+ T cells in peripheral blood, mucosal tissues and lymph nodes of rhesus macaques. Majority of CD161-expressing T cells in peripheral blood and lung/intestinal mucosal tissues of rhesus macaques were found to be CD8+CD4- in phenotype...
2016: PloS One
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