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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720061/the-long-non-coding-rna-malat1-promotes-the-migration-and-invasion-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-sponging-mir-204-and-releasing-sirt1
#1
Zhouhua Hou, Xuwen Xu, Ledu Zhou, Xiaoyu Fu, Shuhui Tao, Jiebin Zhou, Deming Tan, Shuiping Liu
Increasing evidence supports the significance of long non-coding RNA in cancer development. Several recent studies suggest the oncogenic activity of long non-coding RNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) in hepatocellular carcinoma. In this study, we explored the molecular mechanisms by which MALAT1 modulates hepatocellular carcinoma biological behaviors. We found that microRNA-204 was significantly downregulated in sh-MALAT1 HepG2 cell and 15 hepatocellular carcinoma tissues by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719070/sirtuin-1-attenuates-inflammation-and-hepatocellular-damage-in-liver-transplant-ischemia-reperfusion-from-mouse-to-human
#2
Kojiro Nakamura, Shoichi Kageyama, Bibo Ke, Takehiro Fujii, Rebecca A Sosa, Elaine F Reed, Nakul Datta, Ali Zarrinpar, Ronald W Busuttil, Jerzy W Kupiec-Weglinski
Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), an inevitable antigen-independent inflammation response in cadaveric liver transplantation, correlates with poor early graft function, rejection episodes, and contributes to donor organ shortage. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a histone deacetylase which may regulate inflammatory cell activity and manage liver function in IRI, though its functional role and clinical relevance remains to be elucidated. We investigated the efficacy of SIRT1 activation in murine liver IRI model and verified the concept of putative SIRT1-mediated hepatoprotection in clinical liver transplantation...
July 18, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717923/mirna-200a-induce-cell-apoptosis-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-by-directly-targeting-sirt1
#3
Hao Fu, Wenke Song, Xuancai Chen, Tao Guo, Bin Duan, Xinxi Wang, Yachun Tang, Liang Huang, Chi Zhang
Accumulating evidence indicates that microRNAs are implicated in tumor initiation and progression through negatively regulating oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. In the present study, we report that the expression of miR-200a was significantly lower in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) specimens and RCC cell lines. Restoration of miR-200a suppressed cell growth, arrested cell cycle progression, and promoted cell apoptosis in RCC cell lines. We next used qRT-PCR array technology to identify Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) as one of the downregulated proteins during miR-200a overexpression in 786-O cells...
July 17, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711923/acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells-require-6-phosphogluconate-dehydrogenase-for-cell-growth-and-nadph-dependent-metabolic-reprogramming
#4
Haymanti Bhanot, Ellen L Weisberg, Mamatha M Reddy, Atsushi Nonami, Donna Neuberg, Richard M Stone, Klaus Podar, Ravi Salgia, James D Griffin, Martin Sattler
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells are highly dependent on glycolytic pathways to generate metabolic energy and support cell growth, hinting at specific, targetable vulnerabilities as potential novel targets for drug development. Elevated levels of NADPH, a central metabolic factor involved in redox reactions, are common in myeloid leukemia cells, but the significance or biochemical basis underlying this increase is unknown. Using a small molecule analog that efficiently inhibits NADPH-producing enzymes, we found that AML cells require NADPH homeostasis for cell growth...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708932/tandem-repeat-variation-near-the-hic1-hypermethylated-in-cancer-1-promoter-predicts-outcome-of-oxaliplatin-based-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#5
Satoshi Okazaki, Marta Schirripa, Fotios Loupakis, Shu Cao, Wu Zhang, Dongyun Yang, Yan Ning, Martin D Berger, Yuji Miyamoto, Mitsukuni Suenaga, Syma Iqubal, Afsaneh Barzi, Chiara Cremolini, Alfredo Falcone, Francesca Battaglin, Lisa Salvatore, Beatrice Borelli, Timothy G Helentjaris, Heinz-Josef Lenz
BACKGROUND: The hypermethylated in cancer 1/sirtuin 1 (HIC1/SIRT1) axis plays an important role in regulating the nucleotide excision repair pathway, which is the main oxaliplatin-induced damage-repair system. On the basis of prior evidence that the variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) sequence located near the promoter lesion of HIC1 is associated with HIC1 gene expression, the authors tested the hypothesis that this VNTR is associated with clinical outcome in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who receive oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy...
July 14, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708105/resveratrol-improves-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetic-obese-mice-by-regulating-glucose-transporter-expression-in-skeletal-muscle-and-liver
#6
Caio Y Yonamine, Erika Pinheiro-Machado, Maria L Michalani, Ana B Alves-Wagner, João V Esteves, Helayne S Freitas, Ubiratan F Machado
Insulin resistance participates in the glycaemic control disruption in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), by reducing muscle glucose influx and increasing liver glucose efflux. GLUT4 (Slc2a4 gene) and GLUT2 (Slc2a2 gene) proteins play a fundamental role in the muscle and liver glucose fluxes, respectively. Resveratrol is a polyphenol suggested to have an insulin sensitizer effect; however, this effect, and related mechanisms, have not been clearly demonstrated in T2DM. We hypothesized that resveratrol can improve glycaemic control by restoring GLUT4 and GLUT2 expression in muscle and liver...
July 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707004/host-sirtuin-1-regulates-mycobacterial-immunopathogenesis-and-represents-a-therapeutic-target-against-tuberculosis
#7
Catherine Y Cheng, Nuria M Gutierrez, Mardiana B Marzuki, Xiaohua Lu, Taylor W Foreman, Bhairav Paleja, Bernett Lee, Akhila Balachander, Jinmiao Chen, Liana Tsenova, Natalia Kurepina, Karen W W Teng, Kim West, Smriti Mehra, Francesca Zolezzi, Michael Poidinger, Barry Kreiswirth, Deepak Kaushal, Hardy Kornfeld, Evan W Newell, Amit Singhal
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) executes a plethora of immune-evasive mechanisms, which contribute to its pathogenesis, limited efficacy of current therapy, and the emergence of drug-resistant strains. This has led to resurgence in attempts to develop new therapeutic strategies/targets against tuberculosis (TB). We show that Mtb down-regulates sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent deacetylase, in monocytes/macrophages, TB animal models, and TB patients with active disease...
March 2017: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706491/early-life-exposure-to-lead-induces-cognitive-impairment-in-elder-mice-targeting-sirt1-phosphorylation-and-oxidative-alterations
#8
Lijie Zhang, Runqi Tu, Yawei Wang, Yazhen Hu, Xing Li, Xuemin Cheng, Yanyan Yin, Wenjie Li, Hui Huang
Pb is a potential risk factor for cognition, mainly mediated by enhanced oxidative stress. Resveratrol, a natural polyphenol with crucial anti-oxidative property, is recently implicated in preventing cognitive deficits in normal aging and neurodegenerative disorders. Its beneficial effects have been linked to sirtuin 1(SIRT1) activation. The aim of this work is to investigate the possible linkage between alterations in Pb-induced oxidative damage and cognitive impairment by prolonged treatment of resveratrol...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693188/consecutive-stimulation-of-hbsag-promotes-the-viability-of-the-human-b-lymphoblastoid-cell-line-im-9-through-regulating-the-sirt1-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#9
Jian Bo, Xiaojuan Wang, Jie Li, Wenqing Wang, Jinqian Zhang
Patients with chronic HBV infection have been reported to suffer a significantly increased risk of NHL, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be clearly explained. The aim of the present study was to clarify the relationship between chronic HBV infection and NHL development. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting, Annexin V/7-aminoactinomycin D staining and MTS assay were used to analyze the rate of apoptosis and cell viability. In addition, western blotting was used to detect protein expression. The effects of the activator of SIRT1, SRT1720, and the inhibitor of SIRT1, nicotinamide, were also analyzed...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688900/mir-34a-sirtuin-1-foxo3a-is-involved-in-genistein-protecting-against-ox-ldl-induced-oxidative-damage-in-huvecs
#10
Huaping Zhang, Zhenxiang Zhao, Xuefen Pang, Jian Yang, Haixia Yu, Yinhong Zhang, Hui Zhou, Jiahui Zhao
The antioxidant activity of genistein is associated with preventing atherosclerosis; however, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were pretreated with genistein at different concentrations (10nM, 100nM and 1000nM) for 6h and then exposed to ox-LDL (50mg/L) for another 24h. Results showed that genistein restrained reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) production, and ameliorated the inhibitory effect on superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity elicited by ox-LDL stimulation...
July 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677796/resveratrol-suppresses-thyroid-hormone%C3%A2-induced-osteocalcin-synthesis-in-osteoblasts
#11
Kazuhiko Fujita, Haruhiko Tokuda, Shingo Kainuma, Gen Kuroyanagi, Naohiro Yamamoto, Rie Matsushima-Nishiwaki, Atsushi Harada, Osamu Kozawa, Takanobu Otsuka
Resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound that is present in grape skins, berries and red wine, may be beneficial for human health through its anti‑inflammatory and anti‑oxidant effects. It has been previously demonstrated that resveratrol exerts its biological effects primarily via sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) activation. We previously reported that triiodothyronine (T3) induces osteocalcin synthesis in osteoblast‑like MC3T3‑E1 cells, and that p38 mitogen‑activated protein (MAP) kinase mediates the T3‑stimulated synthesis of osteocalcin...
June 28, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677744/simvastatin-ameliorates-ionizing-radiation-induced-apoptosis-in-the-thymus-by-activating-the-akt-sirtuin-1-pathway-in-mice
#12
Hong Yang, Fei Huang, Yulong Tao, Xinbin Zhao, Lina Liao, Xia Tao
Simvastatin is a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor widely used to lower plasma cholesterol and to protect against cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether simvastatin attenuates ionizing radiation-induced damage in the mouse thymus and to elucidate the possible mechanisms invovled. For this purpose, male C57BL/6J mice aged 6 weeks were used and exposed to 4 Gy 60Co γ-radiation with or without simvastatin (20 mg/kg/day, for 14 days). Apoptosis was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay or transmission electron microscopy (TEM) examination...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677728/overexpression-of-sirt1-prevents-hypoxia%C3%A2-induced-apoptosis-in-osteoblast-cells
#13
Lu Zhou, Sung Il Wang, Young Jae Moon, Kyoung Min Kim, Kwang Bok Lee, Byung-Hyun Park, Kyu Yun Jang, Jung Ryul Kim
Hypoxic‑ischemic injury of the bone results in osteonecrosis. Nicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide (NAD)‑dependent deacetylase sirtuin‑1 (SIRT1), a type of NAD‑dependent deacetylase, is involved in multiple biological functions, particularly in anti‑apoptosis. However, the effects of SIRT1 in osteoblasts remain unclear and whether SIRT1 protects osteoblasts in hypoxic conditions remains to be elucidated. In the present study, the role of SIRT1 in the osteoblast cells under hypoxia and the underlying mechanism of the anti‑apoptotic activity of SIRT1 were investigated...
July 4, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675985/hydrogen-alleviates-hyperoxic-acute-lung-injury-related-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-rats-through-upregulation-of-sirt1
#14
Qiang Sun, Wenjie Han, Huijun Hu, Danfeng Fan, Yanbo Li, Yu Zhang, Yan Lv, Mingxin Li, Shuyi Pan
Hyperoxic acute lung injury (HALI) is a major clinical problem for patients undergoing supplemental oxygen therapy. Currently in clinical settings there exist no effective means of prevention or treatment methods. Our previous study found that: hydrogen could reduce HALI, as well as oxidative stress. This research will further explore the mechanism underlying the protective effect of hydrogen on oxygen toxicity. Rats were randomly assigned into three experimental groups and were exposed in a oxygen chamber for 60 continuous hours: 100% balanced air (control); 100% oxygen (HALI); 100% oxygen with hydrogen treatment (HALI + HRS)...
July 21, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667519/retinoic-acid-ameliorates-high-fat-diet-induced-liver-steatosis-through-sirt1
#15
Chao Geng, Haifeng Xu, Yinliang Zhang, Yong Gao, Meixia Li, Xiaoyan Liu, Mingyue Gao, Xiaojuan Wang, Xiaojun Liu, Fude Fang, Yongsheng Chang
In this study, treatment of C57BL/6J (wild type, WT) mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) with retinoic acid (RA) decreased body weight and subcutaneous and visceral fat content, reversed the apparent hepatosteatosis, and reduced hepatic intracellular triglyceride and serum alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) concentrations. Moreover, RA treatment improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in WT mice fed a HFD. However, these RA-induced effects in WT mice fed a HFD were alleviated in liver specific Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) deficient (LKO) mice fed a HFD...
June 29, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666466/beneficial-effect-of-resveratrol-on-phenotypic-features-and-activity-of-osteoarthritic-osteoblasts
#16
Élie Abed, Aline Delalandre, Daniel Lajeunesse
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex disease, which affects multiple tissues, namely the subchondral bone, articular cartilage and synovial membrane. Alterations of the subchondral bone include an increased, yet under mineralized osteoid matrix, abnormal osteoblast cell phenotype including elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, increased release of osteocalcin (OC) and transforming growth factor β-1 (TGF-β1). Previous studies have demonstrated an inhibition of the canonical Wnt signaling (cWnt) pathway in OA osteoblasts (Ob)...
June 30, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663239/secretory-phospholipase-a2-group-iia-pla2g2a-modulates-insulin-sensitivity-and-metabolism
#17
Michael S Kuefner, Kevin Pham, Jeanna R Redd, Erin J Stephenson, Innocence Harvey, Xiong Deng, Dave Bridges, Eric Boilard, Marshall B Elam, Edwards A Park
Secretory phospholipase A2 group IIA (PLA2G2A) is a member of a family of secretory phospholipases which have been implicated in inflammation, atherogenesis and antibacterial actions. Here, we evaluated the role of PLA2G2A in the metabolic response to a high fat diet. C57BL/6 mice do not express PLA2g2a due to a frameshift mutation. We fed C57BL/6 mice expressing the human PLA2G2A gene (IIA+ mice) a fat diet and assessed the physiologic response. After 10 weeks on the high fat diet, the C57BL/6 mice were obese, but the IIA+ mice did not gain weight or accumulate lipid...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656548/treadmill-exercise-attenuates-%C3%AE-synuclein-levels-by-promoting-mitochondrial-function-and-autophagy-possibly-via-sirt1-in-the-chronic-mptp-p-induced-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Jung-Hoon Koo, Joon-Yong Cho
Accumulation of alpha-synuclein (α-Syn) is significantly correlated with the presence of progressive motor deficits, which is the main symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although physical exercise reduces α-Syn levels, the molecular mechanisms by which physical exercise decreases α-Syn remain unclear. We hypothesized that treadmill exercise (TE) decreases α-Syn levels by improving mitochondrial function and promoting autophagy via the sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) signaling pathway in the chronic 1-methyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine with probenecid (MPTP/P)-induced mouse model of PD...
June 27, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655643/activation-of-sirtuin-1-by-catalpol-induced-down-regulation-of-microrna-132-attenuates-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-colitis
#19
Yongjian Xiong, Liqiang Shi, Liang Wang, Zijuan Zhou, Chenou Wang, Yuan Lin, Dong Luo, Juanjuan Qiu, Dapeng Chen
Defective expression of NAD-dependent protein deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) triggers endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and epithelial cell apoptosis in inflammatory bowel disease. MicroRNA-132 (miR-132) has been shown to regulate inflammatory processes through down-regulating SIRT1. Catalpol is a potential antioxidant and anti-apoptotic agent in inflammatory disease. This study aimed to investigate the signaling mechanisms underlying catalpol-induced SIRT1 activation and inhibition of ER stress in a rat colitis model...
June 24, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636886/sirt1-enzymatically-potentiates-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-signaling-via-vitamin-d-receptor-deacetylation
#20
Marya S Sabir, Zainab Khan, Chengcheng Hu, Michael A Galligan, Christopher M Dussik, Sanchita Mallick, Angelika Dampf Stone, Shane F Batie, Elizabeth T Jacobs, G Kerr Whitfield, Mark R Haussler, Michael C Heck, Peter W Jurutka
The hormonal metabolite of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D), binds to the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and promotes heterodimerization of VDR with a retinoid-X-receptor (RXR) to genomically regulate diverse cellular processes. Herein, it is revealed for the first time that VDR is post-translationally acetylated, and that VDR immunoprecipitated from human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells displays a dramatic decrease in acetylated receptor in the presence of 1,25D-ligand, sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) deacetylase, or the resveratrol activator of SIRT1...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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