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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074060/s100a8-a9-and-s100a9-reduce-acute-lung-injury
#1
Yuka Hiroshima, Kenneth Hsu, Nicodemus Tedla, Sze Wing Wong, Sharron Chow, Naomi Kawaguchi, Carolyn L Geczy
S100A8 and S100A9 are myeloid cell-derived proteins that are elevated in several types of inflammatory lung disorders. Pro- and anti-inflammatory properties are reported and these proteins are proposed to activate TLR4. S100A8 and S100A9 can function separately, likely through distinct receptors but a systematic comparison of their effects in vivo are limited. Here we assess inflammation in murine lung following S100A9 and S100A8/A9 inhalation. Unlike S100A8, S100A9 promoted mild neutrophil and lymphocyte influx, possibly mediated in part, by increased mast cell degranulation and selective upregulation of some chemokine genes, particularly CXCL-10...
January 11, 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069943/acetylation-promotes-tyrrs-nuclear-translocation-to-prevent-oxidative-damage
#2
Xuanye Cao, Chaoqun Li, Siyu Xiao, Yunlan Tang, Jing Huang, Shuan Zhao, Xueyu Li, Jixi Li, Ruilin Zhang, Wei Yu
Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) is well known for its essential aminoacylation function in protein synthesis. Recently, TyrRS has been shown to translocate to the nucleus and protect against DNA damage due to oxidative stress. However, the mechanism of TyrRS nuclear localization has not yet been determined. Herein, we report that TyrRS becomes highly acetylated in response to oxidative stress, which promotes nuclear translocation. Moreover, p300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF), an acetyltransferase, and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase, regulate the nuclear localization of TyrRS in an acetylation-dependent manner...
January 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051244/moringa-oleifera-lam-improves-lipid-metabolism-during-adipogenic-differentiation-of-human-stem-cells
#3
I Barbagallo, L Vanella, A Distefano, D Nicolosi, A Maravigna, G Lazzarino, M Di Rosa, D Tibullo, R Acquaviva, G Li Volti
OBJECTIVE: Moringa oleifera Lam., a multipurpose tree, is used traditionally for its nutritional and medicinal properties. It has been used for the treatment of a variety of conditions, including inflammation, cancer and metabolic disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the effect of Moringa oleifera Lam. on adipogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells and its impact on lipid metabolism and cellular antioxidant systems. RESULTS: We showed that Moringa oleifera Lam...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043667/a-sirtuin-1-mmp2-prognostic-index-for-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-advanced-coronary-artery-disease
#4
Ilias P Doulamis, Aspasia I Tzani, Panagiotis S Konstantopoulos, George Samanidis, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Konstantinos P Toutouzas, Despina N Perrea, Konstantinos G Perreas
BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) appears to play a protective role against endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Instead, matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) is involved in acute coronary events, by promoting tissue remodeling. This study sought to determine the clinical value of a prognostic index arising from the combination of these two biomarkers for myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with advanced coronary artery disease. METHODS: Eighty-one patients with advanced coronary artery disease planned for open heart surgery were prospectively enrolled...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039031/worsening-of-memory-deficit-induced-by-energy-dense-diet-in-a-rat-model-of-early-alzheimer-s-disease-is-associated-to-neurotoxic-a%C3%AE-species-and-independent-of-neuroinflammation
#5
Pamela V Martino Adami, Pablo Galeano, Marina L Wallinger, Celia Quijano, Alejandro Rabossi, Eleonora S Pagano, Natividad Olivar, Carlos Reyes Toso, Daniel Cardinali, Luis I Brusco, Sonia Do Carmo, Rafael Radi, Goar Gevorkian, Eduardo M Castaño, A Claudio Cuello, Laura Morelli
Diet is a modifiable risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the mechanisms linking alterations in peripheral metabolism and cognition remain unclear. Since it is especially difficult to study long-term effects of high-energy diet in individuals at risk for AD, we addressed this question by using the McGill-R-Thy1-APP transgenic rat model (Tg(+/-)) that mimics presymptomatic AD. Wild-type and Tg(+/-) rats were exposed during 6months to a standard diet or a Western diet (WD), high in saturated fat and sugar...
December 27, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030827/reducing-smad3-atf4-was-essential-for-sirt1-inhibiting-er-stress-induced-apoptosis-in-mice-brown-adipose-tissue
#6
Zhenjiang Liu, Huihui Gu, Lu Gan, Yatao Xu, Fei Feng, Muhammad Saeed, Chao Sun
Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) promotes adaptive thermogenesis by controlling the acetylation status of enzymes and transcriptional factors in interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT). However, the effects of Sirt1 on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis of iBAT remain elusive. In this study, the mRNA levels of Sirt1 and thermogenesis genes were reduced but the genes related with ER stress were elevated in iBAT of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Moreover, ER stress further inhibited mRNA level of Sirt1 and triggered brown adipocyte apoptosis in vitro and in vivo...
December 20, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029409/serum-concentrations-and-gene-expression-of-sirtuin-1-in-healthy-and-slightly-overweight-subjects-after-caloric-restriction-or-resveratrol-supplementation-a-randomized-trial
#7
Antonio P Mansur, Alessandra Roggerio, Marisa F S Goes, Solange D Avakian, Dalila P Leal, Raul C Maranhão, Célia M C Strunz
BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) plays an important role in vascular biology, and influences aspects of age-dependent atherosclerosis. In animals, the sirtuin system is strongly influenced by resveratrol and caloric restriction, but its expression in humans is controversial. This study investigated the effects of resveratrol and caloric restriction on Sirt1 serum concentrations and vascular biomarkers in a healthy human population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-eight healthy participants (24 women) aged 55-65years were randomized to either 30days of resveratrol administration (500mg/day) or caloric restriction (1000cal/day)...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017215/transcriptional-and-epigenetic-phenomena-in-peripheral-blood-cells-of-monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-alzheimer-s-disease-a-case-report
#8
Claudio D'Addario, Sussy Bastias Candia, Beatrice Arosio, Martina Di Bartolomeo, Carlo Abbate, Alessandra Casè, Sanzio Candeletti, Patrizia Romualdi, Sarah Damanti, Mauro Maccarrone, Luigi Bergamaschini, Daniela Mari
Target genes in Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been identified. In monozygotic twins discordant for AD we analysed the expression of selected genes, and their possible regulation by epigenetic mechanisms in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, possibly useful to discover biomarkers. Amyloid precursor protein, sirtuin 1 and peptidyl prolyl isomerase 1 gene expressions were highly up-regulated in the AD twin versus the healthy one. Consistently with sirtuin 1 role in controlling acetylation status, we observed a substantial reduction of the acetylation on histone 3 lysine 9, associated with gene transcription in the AD twin...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006924/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-experimental-hepatotoxic-models-in-liver-research-applications-to-the-assessment-of-potential-hepatoprotective-drugs
#9
H Farghali, M Kgalalelo Kemelo, L Wojnarová, N Kutinová Canová
This mini-review highlights our and others' experience about in vitro and in vivo models that are being used to follow up events of liver injuries under various hepatotoxic agents and potential hepatoprotective drugs. Due to limitations of the outcomes in each model, we focus primarily on two models. First, a developed perfusion method for isolated immobilized hepatocytes that improves the process of oxygenation and helps in end-product removal is of considerable value in improving cell maintenance. This cellular model is presented as a short-term research-scale laboratory bioreactor with various physiological, biochemical, molecular, toxicological and pharmacological applications...
December 21, 2016: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995160/dataset-of-trans-resveratrol-on-diabetes-induced-abnormal-spermatogenesis-poly-adp-ribose-polymerase-1-parp1-expression-in-intra-testicular-blood-vessels-and-stage-dependent-expression-of-parp1-and-sirtuin-1-in-the-rat-testis
#10
Ala Abdelali, Maie Al-Bader, Narayana Kilarkaje
This article contains data related to the article "Effects of Trans-Resveratrol on hyperglycemia-induced abnormal spermatogenesis, DNA damage and alterations in poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase signaling in rat testis" (A. Abdelali, M. Al-Bader, N. Kilarkaje, 2016) [1]. The data are related to Resveratrol on diabetes-induced changes in blood glucose levels, body weights of rats, sperm count and motility, expression of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) in Leydig cells and in intratesticular blood vessels, and stage-dependent expression of PARP1 and Sirtuin 1 (SirT1) in the rat testis...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993677/identification-of-mir-601-as-a-novel-regulator-in-the-development-of-pancreatic-cancer
#11
Wenxi Cao, Huihan Jin, Lei Zhang, Xiao Chen, Haixin Qian
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies, with a high mortality. Distant metastasis and recurrence are the main causes of PC-related deaths. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported in the serum or tumor tissue of cancer patients, including PC, which makes them potential biomarkers. The dysfunction of many miRNAs has been linked to PC occurrence and metastasis. In the current study, we found that miR-601 expression was significantly lower in PC samples, especially in metastatic compared to non-metastatic PC tissues...
December 18, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993241/sirtuin-1-activation-reduces-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-induced-fibrogenesis-and-affords-organ-protection-in-a-model-of-progressive-experimental-kidney-and-associated-cardiac-disease
#12
Yanling Zhang, Kim A Connelly, Kerri Thai, Xinglin Wu, Andras Kapus, David Kepecs, Richard E Gilbert
Most forms of chronic, progressive kidney disease are characterized by fibrosis whereby the prototypical prosclerotic growth factor, transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), is thought to play a pivotal role. With the recent understanding that TGF-β's canonical signaling pathway may be modified by acetylation as well as phosphorylation, we explored the role of the NAD(+)-dependent lysine deacetylase, sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in fibrogenesis in the cell culture, animal model, and human settings. In vitro, the increase in collagen production that results from TGF-β1 stimulation was ameliorated by the allosteric modifier of Sirt1 deacetylase, SRT3025, in association with a reduction in Smad3 reporter activity...
January 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980001/exogenous-thyroxine-improves-glucose-intolerance-in-insulin-resistant-rats
#13
Guillermo Vazquez-Anaya, Bridget Martinez, Jose Guadalupe Sonanez-Organis, Daisuke Nakano, A Nishiyama, Rudy M Ortiz
Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are associated with glucose intolerance, calling into question the contribution of thyroid hormones (TH) on glucose regulation. TH analogues and derivatives may be effective treatment options for glucose intolerance and insulin resistance (IR), but their potential gluco-regulatory effects during conditions of impaired metabolism are not well described. To assess the effects of thyroxine (T4) on glucose intolerance in a model of insulin resistance, an oral glucose tolerance test (oGTT) was performed on three groups of rats (n=8): 1) lean, Long Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO), 2) obese, Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF), and 3) OLETF + T4 (8...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966038/gm-csf-treatment-is-not-effective-in-congenital-neutropenia-patients-due-to-its-inability-to-activate-nampt-signaling
#14
Corinna Koch, Bardia Samareh, Tatsuya Morishima, Perihan Mir, Lothar Kanz, Cornelia Zeidler, Julia Skokowa, Karl Welte
Severe congenital neutropenia (CN) is a bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) below 500 cells/μL and recurrent, life-threatening bacterial infections. Treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) increases the ANC in the majority of CN patients. In contrary, granulocyte-monocyte colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) fails to increase neutrophil numbers in CN patients in vitro and in vivo, suggesting specific defects in signaling pathways downstream of GM-CSF receptor...
December 14, 2016: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960536/oxidative-stress-induced-mir-200c-disrupts-the-regulatory-loop-among-sirt1-foxo1-and-enos
#15
Fabrizio Carlomosti, Marco D'Agostino, Sara Beji, Alessio Torcinaro, Roberto Rizzi, Germana Zaccagnini, Biagina Maimone, Valeria Di Stefano, Francesca De Santa, Sonia Cordisco, Annalisa Antonini, Roberta Ciarapica, Elena Dellambra, Fabio Martelli, Daniele Avitabile, Maurizio C Capogrossi, Alessandra Magenta
AIMS: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a pivotal role in different pathologic conditions including ischemia, diabetes and aging. We previously showed that ROS enhance miR-200c expression, causing endothelial cells (EC) apoptosis and senescence. Herein, we dissect the interaction among miR-200c and three strictly related proteins that modulate EC function and ROS production: Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and forkhead box O1 (FOXO1). Moreover the role of miR-200c on ROS modulation was also investigated...
December 13, 2016: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958883/glutaredoxin-1-deficiency-causes-fatty-liver-and-dyslipidemia-by-inhibiting-sirtuin-1
#16
Di Shao, Jingyan Han, Xiuyun Hou, Jessica L Fry, Jessica B Behring, Francesca Seta, Michelle Long, Hemant Roy, Richard A Cohen, Reiko Matsui, Markus Michael Bachschmid
<b>Aims:</b> Non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) is a common liver disease associated with metabolic syndrome, obesity and diabetes that is rising in prevalence worldwide. Various molecular perturbations of key regulators and enzymes in hepatic lipid metabolism cause NAFL. However, redox regulation through glutathione (GSH) adducts in NAFL remains largely elusive. Glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) is a small thioltransferase that removes protein GSH adducts without having direct antioxidant properties. The liver contains abundant Glrx but its metabolic function is unknown...
December 13, 2016: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958670/resveratrol-attenuates-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-the-liver-of-intrauterine-growth-retarded-suckling-piglets-by-improving-mitochondrial-biogenesis-and-redox-status
#17
Hao Zhang, Yue Li, Weipeng Su, Zhixiong Ying, Le Zhou, Lili Zhang, Tian Wang
SCOPE: Emerging evidence has identified mitochondrial biogenesis and oxidative phosphorylation as potential targets for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome. This study investigated the effect of resveratrol (RSV) on hepatic mitochondrial function in intrauterine growth-retarded (IUGR) suckling piglets. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven normal birth weight (NBW) and fourteen IUGR neonatal male piglets were selected. Piglets were fed control diets supplemented with 0 (NBW-CON), 0 (IUGR-CON), and 1...
December 13, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955950/resistive-training-and-molecular-regulators-of-vascular-metabolic-risk-in-chronic-stroke
#18
Alice S Ryan, Guoyan Li, Charlene Hafer-Macko, Frederick M Ivey
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ coactivator (PGC-1α) gene and Sirtuin-1 (SIRT-1) respond to physiological stimuli and regulate insulin resistance. Inflammatory markers tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and the soluble forms of intracellular adhesion molecule (sICAM-1) and vascular CAM-1 (sVCAM-1) are associated with increased risk of diabetes and coronary heart disease. Resistive training (RT) reduces hyperinsulinemia and improves insulin action in chronic stroke...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931585/resveratrol-ameliorated-vascular-calcification-by-regulating-sirt-1-and-nrf2
#19
P Zhang, Y Li, Y Du, G Li, L Wang, F Zhou
Pathologic vascular calcification is a significant reason for mortality and morbidity in patients who suffer from end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Resveratrol, a scavenger for many free radicals, is a crucial compound for biomedicine. However, the role and mechanism of resveratrol in vascular calcification is still unknown. In this study, to mimic vascular calcification in ESRD, we used β-glyceophosphate to stimulate the rat vascular smooth muscle cells (RASMCs). We investigate the therapeutic role of resveratrol pretreatment in vascular calcification...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931536/advances-in-atopic-dermatitis-in-2015
#20
REVIEW
Takashi Nomura, Kenji Kabashima
This review aims to highlight recently published articles on atopic dermatitis (AD). Updated are the insights into epidemiology, pathology, diagnostics, and therapy. Epidemiologic studies have revealed a positive correlation between AD and systemic conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and neonatal adiposity. Pathologic findings highlight the involvement of novel barrier factors (desmoplakin and claudin), novel immune cell subsets (pathogenic effector TH2 cells and group 2 innate lymphoid cells), and differential skewing of helper T cells (eg, TH17 dominance in Asians with AD)...
December 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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