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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086797/sep-class-genes-in-prunus-mume-and-their-likely-role-in-floral-organ-development
#1
Yuzhen Zhou, Zongda Xu, Xue Yong, Sagheer Ahmad, Weiru Yang, Tangren Cheng, Jia Wang, Qixiang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Flower phylogenetics and genetically controlled development have been revolutionised during the last two decades. However, some of these evolutionary aspects are still debatable. MADS-box genes are known to play essential role in specifying the floral organogenesis and differentiation in numerous model plants like Petunia hybrida, Arabidopsis thaliana and Antirrhinum majus. SEPALLATA (SEP) genes, belonging to the MADS-box gene family, are members of the ABCDE and quartet models of floral organ development and play a vital role in flower development...
January 13, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036304/a-mathematical-analysis-for-abcd-criteria-diagnosing-malignant-melanoma
#2
Hyunju Lee, Kiwoon Kwon
The medical community currently employs the ABCD (Asymmetry, Border irregularity, Color variegation, and Diameter of the lesion) criteria in the early diagnosis of a malignant melanoma. Although many image segmentation and classification methods are used to analyze the ABCD criteria, it is rare to see a study containing mathematical justification of the parameters that are used to quantify the ABCD criteria. In this paper, we suggest new parameters to assess Asymmetry, Border irregularity, and Color variegation and explain the mathematical meaning of the parameters...
December 30, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035649/melanoma-perception-in-people-of-color-a-targeted-educational-intervention
#3
Lucy X Chao, Stavonnie S L Patterson, Alfred W Rademaker, Dachao Liu, Roopal V Kundu
BACKGROUND: Although melanoma is more common in non-Hispanic Whites, ethnic minorities face a greater risk of melanoma-related mortality, which may be partially attributed to presentation at atypical sites and a lack of awareness. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of a melanoma educational intervention targeted towards people of color. DESIGN: Participants received one of two scripted melanoma educational interventions in the summer of 2015...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005155/on-scene-treatment-of-spinal-injuries-in-motor-sports
#4
REVIEW
M Kreinest, M Scholz, P Trafford
Because spinal cord injuries can have fatal consequences for injured race car drivers, prehospital treatment of spinal injuries is a major concern in motor sports. A structured procedure for assessing trauma patients and their treatment should follow established ABCDE principles. Only then, a stable patient could be further examined and appropriate measures can be undertaken. For patients in an acute life-threatening condition, rapid transport must be initiated and should not be delayed by measures that are not indicated...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998633/limitations-in-prehospital-communication-between-trauma-helicopter-ambulance-services-and-dispatch-centers
#5
Annelieke Maria Karien Harmsen, Georgios Giannakopoulos, Gaby Franschman, Herman Christiaans, Frank Bloemers
BACKGROUND: Prehospital communication with Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is carried out in hectic situations. Proper communication among all medical personal is required to enhance collaboration, to provide the best care and enable shared situational awareness. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to give insight into current Dutch prehospital emergency care communication among all EMS and evaluate the usage of a new physician staffed helicopter EMS (P-HEMS) cancellation model...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966799/infant-attachment-and-maternal-sensitivity-in-the-arab-minority-in-israel
#6
Ghadir Zreik, David Oppenheim, Abraham Sagi-Schwartz
This study is the first to examine infant-mother attachment in the Arab culture. Eighty-five Arab 1-year-old infants from Israel were observed in the strange situation, and maternal sensitivity was assessed from home observations. Supporting attachment theory's normativity hypothesis, no differences were found between the Arab-Israeli attachment distribution and Jewish-Israeli, Western, and non-Western distributions when examined at the two-way secure versus insecure level, although a few differences emerged when examined at the four-way ABCD level...
December 14, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924173/predictors-of-recurrent-hospital-admission-for-patients-presenting-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar-state
#7
Annabel L Bradford, Courtney Champagne Crider, Xizheng Xu, Syed Hasan Naqvi
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are two serious, preventable complications of diabetes mellitus. Analysis of variables associated with recurrent DKA and HHS admission has the potential to improve patient outcomes by identifying possible areas for intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictors of recurrent DKA or HHS admission. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study of 367 patients presenting during a 5-year period with DKA or HHS at a US tertiary academic medical center...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900920/-sudden-loss-of-consciousness-during-labour
#8
L T van Genugten, L P Morssink, E L van der Kooi
This case describes a 36-year-old woman, gravida 4 para 2 at 41 weeks and 3 days gestation, who appeared unconscious during labour for 75 minutes. After excluding physical disorders, it transpired that she was having a conversion disorder. A patient with a decreased level of consciousness in childbirth must be assessed using the ABCDE method, positioned in left lateral tilt to prevent inferior vena cava compression. After stabilization of the vital functions and establishing the patient's history, physical examination and laboratory tests are components of the initial clinical assessment...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880695/the-association-of-birth-weight-and-infant-growth-with-childhood-autonomic-nervous-system-activity-and-its-mediating-effects-on-energy-balance-related-behaviours-the-abcd-study
#9
Arend W van Deutekom, Mai Jm Chinapaw, Maaike Gj Gademan, Jos Wr Twisk, Reinoud Jbj Gemke, Tanja Gm Vrijkotte
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of birth weight and infant growth with childhood autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity and to assess whether ANS activity mediates the associations of birth weight and infant growth with energy-balance-related behaviours, including energy intake, satiety response, physical activity and screen time. METHODS: In 2089 children, we prospectively collected birth weight, infant growth defined as conditional weight and height gain between birth and 12 months and-at 5 years-indices of cardiac ANS activity and parent-reported energy-balance-related behaviours...
August 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875885/morphology-of-symmetric-abcd-tetrablock-quaterpolymers-studied-by-monte-carlo-simulation
#10
Jiro Suzuki, Atsushi Takano, Yushu Matsushita
Morphology of symmetric ABCD tetrablock quaterpolymers in melt was studied by the Monte Carlo (MC) simulation, where the volume fractions of the block chains, f, kept the relationships of fA=fD and fB=fC, and the volume fraction of the two mid-blocks φ was defined as φ=fB+fC. Previous self-consistent field theory for ABCD reported morphological change including several structures; however, the scope was limited within a two-dimensional system. To the contrary, in this paper, MC simulations were carried out in three dimensions with changing the φ value finely, which resulted in finding a tetracontinuous structure in the range of 0...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850801/1164-abcde-version-2-0-analysis-of-effectiveness-of-the-abcde-bundle-through-a-protocol-based-emr-tool
#11
Majdi Hamarshi, Madhuri Ramakrishnan, Maha Abu Kishk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850059/419-evaluation-of-interprofessional-teamwork-perceptions-on-maintenance-of-the-abcde-bundle
#12
Cara McDaniel, Shoshana Sicks, Dena Lehmann, Elizabeth Speakman, June Horowitz, Beth Colborn, Jessica Shank, Nethra Ankam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849720/40-how-team-structure-in-abcde-delivery-influences-implementation-in-a-michigan-quality-collaborative
#13
Deena Costa, Melissa Miller, Milisa Manojlovich, Sam Watson, Phyllis McLellan, Corine Pope, Robert Hyzy, Theodore Iwashyna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835832/genome-wide-identification-of-atp-binding-cassette-abc-transporters-and-conservation-of-their-xenobiotic-transporter-function-in-the-monogonont-rotifer-brachionus-koreanus
#14
Chang-Bum Jeong, Hui-Su Kim, Hye-Min Kang, Young Hwan Lee, Bingsheng Zhou, Joonho Choe, Jae-Seong Lee
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family is one of the largest gene family in animals, and members of this family are known to be involved in various biological processes due to their ability to transport a wide range of substrates across membranes using ATP cleavage-derived energy. We identified 61 ABC transporters in the genome of the monogonont rotifer Brachionus koreanus, and classified these into eight distinct subfamilies (A-H) by phylogenetic analysis. ABC transporters in the rotifer B. koreanus are comprised of 11 ABCA genes, 19 ABCB genes, 14 ABCC genes, 3 ABCD genes, 1 ABCE gene, 3 ABCF genes, 8 ABCG genes, and 2 ABCH genes...
October 24, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802955/effect-of-abcde-bundle-implementation-on-prevalence-of-delirium-in-intensive-care-unit-patients
#15
Mandy Bounds, Stacey Kram, Karen Gabel Speroni, Kim Brice, Mary Anne Luschinski, Stephanie Harte, Marlon G Daniel
BACKGROUND: The ABCDE bundle incorporates multidisciplinary measures to improve and/or preserve patients' physical, functional, and neurocognitive status through awakening and breathing coordination, delirium prevention and management, and early physical mobility. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the prevalence and duration of delirium in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) before and after implementation of the ABCDE bundle. METHODS: Delirium prevalence was defined as the percentage of patients who had at least 1 positive delirium score on the Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist (ICDSC) during the ICU stay; delirium duration was the number of days during the ICU stay that a positive ICDSC score was noted...
November 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793523/maternal-early-pregnancy-lipid-profile-and-offspring-s-lipids-and-glycaemic-control-at-age-5-6-years-the-abcd-study
#16
Noekie van Lieshout, Adriëtte J J M Oostvogels, Maaike G J Gademan, Tanja G M Vrijkotte
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Maternal early pregnancy lipid profile might influence offspring's lipids and glycaemic control, through an increased offspring's fat percentage. This explorative study investigates whether maternal early pregnancy lipid profile is associated with offspring's lipids and glycaemic control independently of offspring's fat percentage and if these associations are mediated by offspring's fat percentage. Possible sex differences in these associations are also examined. METHODS: 1133 mother-child pairs of the prospective ABCD-study were included...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785529/rebranding-asymptomatic-type-1-diabetes-the-case-for-autoimmune-beta-cell-disorder-as-a-pathological-and-diagnostic-entity
#17
Ezio Bonifacio, Chantal Mathieu, Gerald T Nepom, Anette-G Ziegler, Henry Anhalt, Michael J Haller, Leonard C Harrison, Matthias Hebrok, Jake A Kushner, Jill M Norris, Mark Peakman, Alvin C Powers, John A Todd, Mark A Atkinson
The asymptomatic phase of type 1 diabetes is recognised by the presence of beta cell autoantibodies in the absence of hyperglycaemia. We propose that an accurate description of this stage is provided by the name 'Autoimmune Beta Cell Disorder' (ABCD). Specifically, we suggest that this nomenclature and diagnosis will, in a proactive manner, shift the paradigm towards type 1 diabetes being first and foremost an immune-mediated disease and only later a metabolic disease, presaging more active therapeutic intervention in the asymptomatic stage of disease, before end-stage beta cell failure...
January 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771417/the-role-of-exhaled-nitric-oxide-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-undergoing-laparotomy-surgery-the-noxious-study
#18
Helena Logotheti, Chryssa Pourzitaki, Georgia Tsaousi, Zoi Aidoni, Artemis Vekrakou, Amaniti Ekaterini, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis
BACKGROUND: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) has been associated with major perioperative morbidities or mortalities, especially in surgical patients receiving general anesthesia. The severity of the COPD and the degree of bronchial hyperreactivity can determine the perioperative anesthetic risk; therefore they have to be assessed by a thorough preoperative evaluation in order to give the rationale on which to decide for optimum anesthetic management. OBJECTIVE: Aim of the study was to assess the predictive applicability of exhaled Nitric Oxide (NO) in smoking surgical population with COPD, on the basis of morbidity and mortality...
December 30, 2016: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766264/abc-transporter-subfamily-d-distinct-differences-in-behavior-between-abcd1-3-and-abcd4-in-subcellular-localization-function-and-human-disease
#19
REVIEW
Kosuke Kawaguchi, Masashi Morita
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are one of the largest families of membrane-bound proteins and transport a wide variety of substrates across both extra- and intracellular membranes. They play a critical role in maintaining cellular homeostasis. To date, four ABC transporters belonging to subfamily D have been identified. ABCD1-3 and ABCD4 are localized to peroxisomes and lysosomes, respectively. ABCD1 and ABCD2 are involved in the transport of long and very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) or their CoA-derivatives into peroxisomes with different substrate specificities, while ABCD3 is involved in the transport of branched chain acyl-CoA into peroxisomes...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749438/interprofessional-perspectives-on-abcde-bundle-implementation-a-focus-group-study
#20
Leanne M Boehm, Eduard E Vasilevskis, Lorraine C Mion
BACKGROUND: The ABCDE bundle is a multifaceted, interprofessional intervention that is associated with reduced ventilator and delirium days as well as increased likelihood of mobility in intensive care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe organizational domains that contribute to variation in ABCDE bundle implementation as reported by intensive care unit providers and to examine the capability of a conceptual framework for identifying variation in ABCDE bundle implementation...
November 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
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