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Amy Maxmen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Nature
Musa Sakuma Adamu, Iniobong Chukwuebuka Ikenna Ugochukwu, Sunday Idoko Idoko, Yakubu Adamu Kwabugge, Nafisatu Sa'ad Abubakar, James Ameh Ameh
Prevalence and distribution of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serogroups from the faecal samples of cattle and camels slaughter in Maiduguri abattoir and their antibiotic resistance profile of the isolates were determined. The highest prevalence (24%) was recorded in the month of September and more STEC isolates came from cattle than the camels. There was significant (P < 0.05) seasonal trend in the prevalence of STEC among cattle and camel with more cases recorded during the wet season...
March 21, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Shola G Solomon, Victoria O Ayuba, Musa A Tahir, Victor T Okomoda
This study investigated the catch per unit effort and water quality of Lake Kalgwai Jigawa state, Nigeria for the period of 10 month (July 2012-June 2013). The man hours, gears used, and fish catches of the Lake was determined by assessing the fishermen operating on three major landing sites of the Lake, namely Marke (Site I), Dingare (Site II), and Kalgwai (Site III). Water samples from the landing sites were collected and analyzed. Concentration of fishers ranged from 41 (April) to 51 (September). The highest number of fishing hour was observed in August (64 hr), whereas the lowest was in March (49 hr)...
March 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Emeka Eugene Dim, Patience Elabor-Idemudia
Using the Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) of 2013, this study applies the social structure (feminist) and social learning perspective in understanding the severity of physical intimate partner violence (IPV) in Nigeria. About 26,403 married women were analyzed from the 2013 NDHS data. Multinomial regression was used to analyze variables that capture the social structural and social learning perspectives in relation to women's experience of minor and severe physical IPV. The study revealed that primary and secondary educational attainment, and being employed predicted severe physical IPV victimization...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Uchechukwu I Nwadike, Kenneth K Agwu, Charles U Eze, Duke Kani, Gregory Agu, Emmanuel Enwereuzo, Mike Obika, Effiong Umoh, Emmanuel Ufomba
BACKGROUND: There is abundant quartz deposit in Nigeria which has been used for export and building purposes. However, its electrical and piezoelectric properties have not been studied. Thus, whether it can be used as raw material for the indigenous electric industries is unknown to date. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to characterize the piezoelectric properties of smoky quartz for ultrasonic transducer and determine its sonic properties. METHOD: In the research approach, the raw quartz was cut into six crystals of rectangular shape using a universal cutter...
March 15, 2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Kingsley E Agho, Osita K Ezeh, Felix A Ogbo, Anthony I Enoma, Camille Raynes-Greenow
Background: Antenatal care (ANC) is an essential intervention to improve maternal and child health. In Nigeria, no population-based studies have investigated predictors of poor receipt of components and uptake of ANC at the national level to inform targeted maternal health initiatives. This study aimed to examine factors associated with inadequate receipt of components and use of ANC in Nigeria. Methods: The study used information on 20 405 singleton live-born infants of the mothers from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey...
March 19, 2018: International Health
N M Kedoté, A Salami, J P Tsala Tsala, M A Grimaud, M Bergeron, Benjamin Fayomi
This paper presents the overview of the legal and institutional frameworks of research with human beings in sub-Saharan Africa, in particular in Benin, Cameroon and Nigeria. Concerning the methodology, a literature review focused on the regulations of institutional frameworks was done. Then, 28 semi-structured interviews were conducted with members of ethics committees to assess their composition and their mode of operation. Finally, we describe the existing courses in research ethics included in programs of first, second and third cycles in major universities from concerned countries...
May 22, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
A Muhammad, M A Ibrahim, H A Mohammed, O L Erukainure, I Malami, A Suleiman, A Mansir, A Godwin, H A Khalil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
K Szewczyk-Golec, R Wesołowski, I Hołyńska-Iwan
Malaria belongs to the most dangerous infectious diseases globally. Every effort to understand the mechanisms involved in Plasmodium spp. malaria infection and the antimalarial action cannot be overestimated. We have read with great interest the recently published article by Muhammad et al. entitled "Alteration of redox status by commonly used antimalarial drugs in the north-western region of Nigeria." Several questions have arisen about the conducted study that we would like to comment on.
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Bernadette U Ukah, Ogbonnaya Igwe, Peter Ameh
In Ajao Estate, it is believed that poor quality of its groundwater is unconnected to the dislodging of wastewater into the environment by food- and wine-producing industries operating in the area. To ascertain this claim, the impact of this wastewater on microbiological and physicochemical quality of the groundwater was evaluated. Microbiological result of water samples revealed decrease in Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium spp., Escherichia coli, etc. count from the industrial wastewater dislodging point...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Idowu Oluwabunmi Fagbamila, Marzia Mancin, Lisa Barco, Sati Samuel Ngulukun, Alexander Jambalang, Olawunmi Toyin Ajayi, Nancy Sati, Paulinus Emennaa, Paul Idoko Ankeli, Jakob Kwaga, Paul Ayuba Abdu, Junaidu Kabir, Jarlath Umoh, Antonia Ricci, Maryam Muhammad
BACKGROUND: In 2012/13, the Federal government of Nigeria approved the surveillance of salmonellae in commercial poultry farms with the aim of generating baseline data for the development of a control programme. That baseline provided an opportunity to investigate potential risk factors in commercial layer farms. METHODS: Five hundred and twenty-three farms were evaluated for the presence of Salmonella. Each farmer was interviewed through a structured questionnaire...
April 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Julia Berazneva, Tanya S. Byker
It is estimated that about one quarter of the global disease burden in terms of healthy life years lost and about one quarter of all premature deaths can be attributed to modifiable environmental factors (Pruss-Ustun and Corvalan 2006). Three infectious diseases--diarrhea, respiratory infections, and malaria--account for the largest absolute burden in developing countries with children facing the greatest impacts. There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating the health burden of air and water pollution, as well as important productivity and income effects (see, for example, reviews of the literature in Pattanayak and Pfaff 2009 and Greenstone and Jack 2016)...
May 2017: American Economic Review
Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Mutiat Feyisetan Obileye, Nma Muhammed Jiya, Saddiku Malami Sahabi, Idris Kabiru Jaja
Background: Maxillofacial tumours in children and adolescents have been documented worldwide; however, few studies were reported from Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, most of the studies emanated from the Southwest region. Aim: To present an audit of clinicopathologic features and treatment of orofacial tumours in children and adolescents in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria. Patients and Methods: Clinicopathologic records of the Departments of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Paediatrics and Histopathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria, were reviewed for all the oral and maxillofacial tumours managed in children <19 years from January 2011 to December 2015...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Rachel Sullivan Robinson, Michael Kunnuji, Yusra Ribhi Shawar, Jeremy Shiffman
Mississippi and Nigeria are two socially conservative places unlikely to prioritise sexuality education. Nonetheless, Mississippi passed a bill in 2011 mandating all school districts to offer sexuality education, and Nigeria approved a national sexuality education curriculum in 2001. To identify the factors that drove the process of prioritisation of sexuality education in each context, we conducted more than 70 semi-structured interviews with nongovernmental organisations/nonprofits, donor organisations and federal and state ministries involved in the prioritisation and implementation of sexuality education in Mississippi and Nigeria...
March 20, 2018: Global Public Health
Olubukola Oyetunde, Veronika Williams
Background Oral rehydration salt (ORS) is an affordable and effective intervention for the management of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), especially in children under 5 years. A knowledge/practice gap exists among community pharmacists (CPs) in Lagos, Nigeria, and in many low to middle income countries. This gap results in underutilization of ORS for diarrhoea management. Objective The objective was to explore CPs' views of the barriers and facilitators to the use of ORS in practice. Setting Community pharmacy practices, Lagos, Nigeria...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
A O Olumide, Eme T Owoaje
Background: Several interventions have been instituted to encourage smoking cessation among smokers. Many adults are currently working and spend several hours a day at work. Employers thus have a role to play in encouraging staff who smoke to quit. This study investigated the perception of drivers employed in the University of Ibadan, Nigeria on the role of their employers in facilitating smoking cessation among staff who smoke. Method: All 176 drivers employed by the University and who were available on the days of the interviews were interviewed...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
S O Martins, O F Folasire, A E Irabor
Introduction: Prediabetes is a condition in which individuals have blood glucose levels higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes mellitus. Inadequate moderate-intensity physical activity, amidst other risk factors, is a well-documented risk factor for prediabetes. Hospital administrative staff can be particularly vulnerable to prediabetes because of the greater number of hours spent in a sitting or sedentary position during administrative duties. The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of prediabetes and to determine its predictors among administrative staff of a tertiary health centre in southwestern Nigeria...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
A O Akinyamoju, B F Adeyemi, A D Odofin, A O Balogun, C A Akinyamoju
Background: Oral histopathology services are oral diagnostic procedures. General Dental Practitioners (GDPs) are routinely exposed to oral lesions that require biopsies. Hence, the study's objective of assessing the perception and the utilization of oral histopathology services by GDPs. Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at dental clinics distributed across Southwest Nigeria. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of sections addressing the socio-demographic/professional aspects; the beliefs of GDPs and their utilization of oral histopathology services was used to collect data...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
V N Okoje, T O Aladelusi, T A Abimbola
Aim: The study presents a case series which evaluates the presentation, management and outcome of TMJ dislocation in a tertiary health centre in Nigeria. Materials and methods: Case review of 11 patients with TMJ dislocation seen in the University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan over a period of 10 years. The criteria for the diagnosis of TMJ dislocation were based on history, clinical examination and radiologic findings. Results: Mean age of patients was 44...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
O O Olukoya, O A Adebiyi
Background: Malaria is of global health concern particularly among pregnant women. Nigeria contributes largely to global burden but coverage of Intermittent Preventive Treatment of malaria in pregnancy using Sulphadoxine pyrimethamine remains low. This study was conducted to determine the national situation of missed opportunity for IPTp-SP and attempted to look at correlates and predictors. Method: The study used secondary data analysis of the Nigeria Demographic Health Survey, 2013...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
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