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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110325/nesting-ecology-of-a-small-montane-population-of-the-nigerian-cameroon-chimpanzee-pan-troglodytes-ellioti-in-nigeria
#1
Paul Dutton, Elena Moltchanova, Hazel Chapman
Understanding nest site choice by chimpanzees has implications for ecology, anthropology, and in the collection of census data, yet it remains controversial. Here we provide the first information on environmental factors affecting nest site choice in a montane population of the rare and relatively understudied Nigerian/Cameroon chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti) in Ngel Nyaki Forest Reserve, Nigeria. The forest is small, isolated, and visited by researchers, community members, and hunters. We also tested the hypothesis that people (researchers) walking along forest trails collecting data on a regular basis since 2005 will have changed nesting behaviour in the vicinity of the trails...
January 21, 2017: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110113/a-photo-voice-perspective-on-factors-contributing-to-the-resilience-of-hiv-positive-yoruba-adolescent-girls-in-nigeria
#2
Catherine O Adegoke, Miemsie G Steyn
There is a growing discourse worldwide on the impact of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) on "at risk youths". In response, five HIV-positive Nigerian adolescent girls were qualitatively investigated in collaboration with a non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Ibadan, an urban settlement in Nigeria in 2013. Using a secondary data analysis from a photo voice component of the research, combined with narratives, we show that participants possess the capacity to overcome their adversities from the effects of HIV infection and remain resilient...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108993/experience-from-a-multi-country-initiative-to-improve-the-monitoring-of-selected-reproductive-health-indicators-in-africa
#3
Maria Barreix, Özge Tunçalp, Namuunda Mutombo, Ayotunde A Adegboyega, Lale Say
Universal access to sexual and reproductive health remains part of the unfinished business of global development in the Africa. To achieve it, health interventions should be monitored using programmatic indicators. WHO's Strengthening Measurement of Reproductive Health Indicators in Africa initiative, implemented in Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, and Zimbabwe, aimed to improve national information systems for routine monitoring of reproductive health indicators. Participating countries developed action plans employing a two-pronged strategy: (1) revising, standardizing, and harmonizing existing information-system reproductive health indicators; and (2) building data-collection capacity through training and supervision at select pilot sites...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105246/hepatobiliary-ultrasonographic-abnormalities-in-adult-patients-with-sickle-cell-anaemia-in-steady-state-in-ile-ife-nigeria
#4
Oluwatosin O Oguntoye, Dennis A Ndububa, Musah Yusuf, Rahman A Bolarinwa, Oluwagbemiga O Ayoola
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is associated with structural manifestations in the hepatobiliary axis. This study aimed to investigate the hepatobiliary ultrasonographic abnormalities in adult patients with sickle cell anaemia in steady state attending the Haematology clinic of a federal tertiary health institution in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. MATERIAL/METHODS: Basic demographic data as well as right upper abdominal quadrant ultrasonography of 50 consecutive sickle cell anaemia patients were compared with those of 50 age- and sex-matched subjects with HbAA as controls...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103828/housing-materials-as-predictors-of-under-five-mortality-in-nigeria-evidence-from-2013-demographic-and-health-survey
#5
Stephen Ayo Adebowale, Oyewale Mayowa Morakinyo, Godson Rowland Ana
BACKGROUND: Nigeria is among countries with high Under-Five Mortality (U5M) rates worldwide. Both maternal and childhood factors have been linked to U5M in the country. However, despite the growing global recognition of the association between housing and quality of life, the role of housing materials as predictors of U5M remain largely unexplored in Nigeria. This study, therefore, investigated the relationship between housing materials and U5M in Nigeria. METHODS: The study utilised the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101880/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#6
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101318/prevalence-and-correlates-of-antipsychotic-polypharmacy-among-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-attending-a-tertiary-psychiatric-facility-in-nigeria
#7
Nosa Godwin Igbinomwanhia, Sunday Osasu Olotu, Bawo Onesirosan James
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to determine the prevalence, pattern and correlates of antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) among outpatients with schizophrenia attending a tertiary psychiatric facility in Nigeria. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 250 patients with schizophrenia attending the outpatient clinic of a regional tertiary psychiatric facility in Nigeria was undertaken. They were administered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale and the Liverpool University Side Effects Rating Scale (LUNSERS)...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100557/dual-sensory-impairment-in-special-schools-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#8
Ada E Aghaji, Richard Bowman, Vincent C Ofoegbu, Andrew Smith
In a cross-sectional study to determine the magnitude of dual sensory impairment (DSI-combined hearing and vision loss) in children in single-disability special education schools, children in schools for the blind and schools for the deaf in four states in South-East Nigeria were examined by an ophthalmologist and otorhinolaryngologist to determine the level of their disability and to identify other disabilities if any. Participants were all students with childhood blindness or childhood deafness. The magnitude and causes of DSI and the burden of undetected DSI were the main outcome measures...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099713/systematic-review-of-obstetric-care-from-a-women-centered-perspective-in-nigeria-since-2000
#9
REVIEW
Atsumi Hirose, Oluwatoyin Owolabi, Mari Imamura, Friday Okonofua, Julia Hussein
BACKGROUND: A women-centered approach can improve the quality of patient care. OBJECTIVE: To review issues in the provision of obstetric care from a patient-centered care perspective in Nigeria. SEARCH STRATEGY: Using terms related to maternal and perinatal mortality, in combination with "Nigeria", MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Knowledge, and African Journal Online were searched, between December 1, 2013 and January 31, 2014, for articles in any language...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097814/detection-and-molecular-characterization-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-viruses-from-outbreaks-in-some-states-of-northern-nigeria-2013-2015
#10
D O Ehizibolo, A Haegeman, A R De Vleeschauwer, J U Umoh, H M Kazeem, E C Okolocha, K De Clercq, S Van Borm
Control measures for foot and mouth disease (FMD) in Nigeria have not been implemented due to the absence of locally produced vaccines and risk-based analysis resulting from insufficient data on the circulating FMD virus (FMDV) serotypes/strains. In 2013-2015, blood and epithelial samples were collected from reported FMD outbreaks in four states (Kaduna, Kwara, Plateau and Bauchi) in northern Nigeria. FMDV non-structural protein (NSP) seroprevalence for the outbreaks was estimated at 80% (72 of 90) and 70% (131 of 188) post-outbreak...
January 17, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097536/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adhd-in-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder-in-nigeria
#11
Musa U Umar, Auwal S Salihu, Shakirat D Owolabi
Substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with ADHD. ADHD increases the severity of SUD and has negative influence on the prognosis of the disorder. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of ADHD in individuals with SUD. During 2013-2015, a cross-sectional descriptive study of 233 drug treatment-seeking individuals was assessed. Diagnosis of ADHD was done using DSM-IV criteria with the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults (DIVA 2.0), while Semi-structured Assessment for Drug Dependence and Alcoholism (SSADDA 6...
January 17, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096615/molecular-characterization-of-field-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-isolates-from-nigeria
#12
Ijeoma O Nwagbo, Ismaila Shittu, Chika I Nwosuh, George O Ezeifeka, Frederick J C Odibo, Linda O Michel, Daral J Jackwood
AIM: To characterize field isolates of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) from outbreaks in nine states in Nigeria through reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sequence analysis of portions of the VP2 and VP1 genes and to determine the presence or absence of reassortant viruses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 377 bursa samples were collected from 201 suspected IBD outbreaks during 2009 to 2014 from nine states in Nigeria. Samples were subjected to RT-PCR using VP2 and VP1 gene specific primers, and the resulting PCR products were sequenced...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095911/mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-abuja-nigeria-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-and-experiences-of-women-and-healthcare-providers
#13
Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Özge Tunçalp, Bukola Fawole, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu Olanrewaju Olutayo, Modupe Ogunlade, Agnes A Oyeniran, Olubunmi R Osunsan, Loveth Metiboba, Hadiza A Idris, Francis E Alu, Olufemi T Oladapo, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: Global efforts have increased facility-based childbirth, but substantial barriers remain in some settings. In Nigeria, women report that poor provider attitudes influence their use of maternal health services. Evidence also suggests that women in Nigeria may experience mistreatment during childbirth; however, there is limited understanding of how and why mistreatment this occurs. This study uses qualitative methods to explore women and providers' experiences and perceptions of mistreatment during childbirth in two health facilities and catchment areas in Abuja, Nigeria...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093731/sexual-activity-among-nigerian-women-following-successful-obstetric-fistula-repair
#14
Stephen A Anzaku, Sunday J Lengmang, Samaila Mikah, Steven N Shephard, Bassey E Edem
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate post-operative sexual activity among women who have undergone obstetric fistula repair. METHODS: The present descriptive cross-sectional study recruited married women who had undergone successful obstetric fistula repair who were attending reunion activities at Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria, between March 13 and March 15, 2014. Participants were interviewed regarding penetrative vaginal intercourse after surgery, and any changes in sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, sexual satisfaction, and the presence of coital pain compared with before they experienced obstetric fistula...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092425/chemical-composition-of-the-essential-oil-of-nigeria-grown-hoslundia-opposita-vahl-lamiaceae-dried-leaves-and-its-bioactivity-against-cowpea-seed-bruchid
#15
Samuel Adelani Babarinde, Olufemi Olutoyin Richard Pitan, Ganiyu Olatunji Olatunde, Michael Oluwole Ajala
Due to several ecological and human hazards of synthetic pesticides in postharvest crop protection, there is the need to search for eco-friendly alternatives. In this study, chemical composition and insecticidal activities of essential oil (EO) obtained from Hoslundia opposita dried leaves were evaluated against cowpea seed bruchid. Eight constituents, predominated by oxygenated monoterpenes (78.86%), were identified using GC-MS. The constituents were 1,8-cineole (1; 61.15%), followed by α-terpineol (2; 16...
January 16, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092096/associations-between-pre-eclampsia-and-protein-c-and-protein%C3%A2-s-levels-among-pregnant-nigerian-women
#16
Helen C Okoye, Lisa I Eweputanna, Anthony O U Okpani, Oseikhuemen A Ejele
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate levels of protein C and free protein S among women with pre-eclampsia, and determine whether there is a relationship between deficiencies and pre-eclampsia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a hospital in Nigeria from July 2013 to March 2014 among 90 pregnant women with pre-eclampsia (blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg, proteinuria ≥300 mg in 24 hours) and 90 normotensive pregnant women (control group). Plasma levels of protein C and free protein S were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and protein C activity by a chromogenic method...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091444/impact-of-visual-inspection-with-acetic-acid-plus-cryotherapy-see-and-treat-approach-on-the-reduction-of-the-population-burden-of-cervical-preinvasive-lesions-in-southeast-nigeria
#17
C O Chigbu, A K Onyebuchi, E F Nnakenyi, C C Egbuji
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the impact of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) plus immediate cryotherapy on the prevalence of VIA-detected cervical squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL). METHODS: Women in four rural communities in Southeast Nigeria were screened with VIA. Women who tested positive to VIA were offered either immediate cryotherapy or large loop excision of the transformation zone based on predetermined eligibility criteria...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091443/molecular-characterization-of-exon-28-of-von-willebrand-s-factor-gene-in-nigerian-population
#18
E D Ezigbo, E O Ukaejiofo, T U Nwagha
BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms in von Willebrand factor (VWF) gene are an important contributor to the expression of VWF gene and differences in ethnic distribution of these single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) exists. AIMS: Our objective was to molecularly characterize the exon 28 of the VWF gene in the three major ethnic groups of Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We recruited 90 subjects, 45 had a history of bleeding. Questions included those used in the Zimmerman Program for the Molecular and Clinical Biology of von Willebrand disease (VWD), and the bleeding scores were calculated using the Molecular and Clinical Markers for the Diagnosis and Management of type 1 VWD scoring system...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091441/process-and-outcome-measures-of-quality-of-care-at-the-diabetes-outpatient-clinic-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#19
J O Adeleye, M A Kuti
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess the quality of care provided at a diabetes outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital in Nigeria using quality indicators approved by the National Diabetes Quality Improvement Alliance (NDQIA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients who had visited the clinic at least two times within a 12 months period preceding the index visit were reviewed during a 5 month period. Process measure indicators, approved by the NDQIA (evaluating the functioning of the clinic) and outcome measures, published by the American Diabetes Association, (evaluating the health status of the attending patients) were retrieved from the medical records...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091440/nocturnal-enuresis-in-school-aged-children-with-sickle-cell-anemia-any-relationship-with-hyposthenuria
#20
C I Eneh, A N Ikefuna, H U Okafor, S N Uwaezuoke
BACKGROUND: Reports show that children with sickle-cell anemia (SCA) have a tendency for nocturnal enuresis when compared with their counterparts with normal hemoglobin. Although nocturnal enuresis in SCA has been attributed to several factors including tubular and even bladder dysfunction, its relationship with hyposthenuria has been questioned in some studies. AIM: The study aims to determine the relationship of hyposthenuria with nocturnal enuresis seen in school-aged children with SCA...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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