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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211095/tooth-loss-among-the-elders-in-an-inner-city-area-of-ibadan-nigeria
#1
Olushola Ibiyemi, Ejiro Idiga
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with tooth loss among elders in an inner city area of Ibadan, Nigeria. BACKGROUND: Tooth loss is an indication of the oral health of a population, and the possible effects of oral health on general health of the elders has been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 392 consenting elders in Idikan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, causes and effects of tooth loss was obtained using a pretested semistructured questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208218/antibiotic-resistance-in-escherichia-coli-in-husbandry-animals-the-african-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Carla Andrea Alonso, Myriam Zarazaga, Rym Ben Sallem, Ahlem Jouini, Karim Ben Slama, Carmen Torres
In the last years different surveillances have been published in Africa, especially in Northern countries, regarding antimicrobial resistance among husbandry animals. Information is still scarce, but the available data shows a worrying picture. Although the highest resistance rates have been described against tetracycline, penicillins and sulphonamides, prevalence of plasmid mediated quinolone resistance genes and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) are being increasingly reported. Among ESBLs, the CTX-M-1 group was dominant in most African surveys, being CTX-M-15 the main variant both in animals and humans, except in Tunisia where CTX-M-1 was more frequently detected among E...
February 16, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207051/access-to-age-appropriate-essential-medicines-a-retrospective-survey-of-compounding-of-medicines-for-children-in-hospitals-in-nigeria-and-implications-for-policy-development
#3
Ebiowei Samuel F Orubu, Chinyere Okwelogu, Olabisi Opanuga, Tony Nunn, Catherine Tuleu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204499/-sustaining-the-dots-stakeholders-experience-of-a-social-protection-intervention-for-tb-in-nigeria
#4
Kingsley N Ukwaja, Isaac Alobu, Gidado Mustapha, Olajumoke Onazi, Daniel C Oshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202479/improving-services-for-glaucoma-care-in-nigeria-implications-for-policy-and-programmes-to-achieve-universal-health-coverage
#5
Fatima Kyari, Clare Gilbert, Karl Blanchet, Richard Wormald
Glaucoma in Africa is sometimes referred to as the silent thief of sight. In Nigeria, glaucoma is common, it is serious, ophthalmologists face many constraints in managing it, people do not even know they have it until it is advanced, patients do not understand or comply with treatment after they are diagnosed and the poor are more likely to be glaucoma blind. Available evidence indicates that the health system in Nigeria is failing to meet the needs of patients with glaucoma. Based on evidence, we propose future directions for improving services for glaucoma care in Nigeria, and the implications for policy and programmes to control glaucoma blindness, using a health system-oriented approach...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202001/factors-affecting-the-implementation-of-childhood-vaccination-communication-strategies-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#6
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Glory Eteng, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: The role of health communication in vaccination programmes cannot be overemphasized: it has contributed significantly to creating and sustaining demand for vaccination services and improving vaccination coverage. In Nigeria, numerous communication approaches have been deployed but these interventions are not without challenges. We therefore aimed to explore factors affecting the delivery of vaccination communication in Nigeria. METHODS: We used a qualitative approach and conducted the study in two states: Bauchi and Cross River States in northern and southern Nigeria respectively...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201928/movie-piracy-networks-at-alaba-international-market-lagos-nigeria
#7
Oludayo Tade, Okoro Paul Mmahi
This study examined the veiled chain of film piracy, a major crime in the Nigeria entertainment industry. Studies on film piracy in Nigeria have focused on its economic implications, both on the copyright owners and on the Nigerian economy. The organization of the activities of the film pirates has, however, been neglected. Narratives were extracted through in-depth interviews with pirates, "marketers," and "producers." Data indicated that pirates were insiders in the film marketing industry and included importers of foreign movies, registered and nonregistered retailers of Nigerian films, as well as marketers appointed by copyright owners to distribute their films...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199720/avoiding-a-massive-spin-off-effect-in-west-africa-and-beyond-the-tobacco-industry-stymies-tobacco-control-in-nigeria
#8
Catherine O Egbe, Stella A Bialous, Stanton A Glantz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198544/dengue-virus-and-malaria-concurrent-infection-among-febrile-subjects-within-ilorin-metropolis-nigeria
#9
Olatunji Matthew Kolawole, Adebimpe Adetola Seriki, Ahmad Adebayo Irekeola, Kizito Eneye Bello, Oluwapelumi Olufemi Adeyemi
Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease of public health importance. It is caused by four serotypes of Dengue virus (i.e. DENV-1, -2, -3 and -4). As a result of practices that are conducive for mosquito breading, its vector is widespread in Nigeria and this could result to possible DENV outbreaks in Nigeria and beyond. This study aimed to assess the recency of DENV infection as well as occurrence of DENV and Malaria co-infections within Ilorin, Nigeria. Blood samples were obtained from 176 febrile subjects and analyzed using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) for the presence of DENV antibodies...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197944/wet-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-deposition-in-the-eutrophication-of-the-lagos-lagoon-nigeria
#10
Najeem O Oladosu, Akeem A Abayomi, Kehinde O Olayinka, Babajide I Alo
Air pollution is influenced by wind-aided particulate suspension, open-air waste burning, and fossil fuel combustion. The pollutants from these sources eventually deposit on ambient surfaces. Atmospheric wet deposition into Lagos Lagoon may be significant additions to the nutrient levels of the eutrophic lagoon. Precipitation was monitored at three stations in the Lagos Lagoon basin from May to November, 2012, in order to estimate the contribution of wet deposition to the nutrient cycles of the lagoon. Water samples were digested with potassium persulfate, and the species of phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) were analyzed by colorimetric methods...
February 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197154/cowpea-and-groundnut-haulms-fodder-trading-and-its-lessons-for-multidimensional-cowpea-improvement-for-mixed-crop-livestock-systems-in-west-africa
#11
Anandan Samireddypalle, Ousmane Boukar, Elaine Grings, Christian A Fatokun, Prasad Kodukula, Ravi Devulapalli, Iheanacho Okike, Michael Blümmel
Cowpea is an important legume crop in Africa, valued highly for its grain and also haulms, which are a tradable commodity in fodder markets. Fodder market surveys in Northern Nigeria showed that groundnut haulms were priced higher than cowpea haulms, probably because of their superior nutritive value. The economic value of haulms has prompted cowpea breeders and livestock nutritionists to explore haulm fodder traits as additional selection and breeding criteria. Fifty cowpea genotypes cultivated across five locations in Nigeria in 2013 and 2014 were evaluated for food fodder traits...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196301/guinea-worm-infection-in-northern-nigeria-reflections-on-a-disease-approaching-eradication
#12
Brian Greenwood, Alice Greenwood, Andrew Bradley
Global eradication of the Guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis) is near, although perhaps delayed a little by the discovery of a transmission cycle in dogs. It is, therefore, an appropriate time to reflect on the severe impact of this infection on the life of the communities where it was endemic prior to the start of the global eradication programme in 1981. From 1971-74, we conducted a series of unpublished studies on Guinea worm in a group of villages in Katsina State, northern Nigeria, where the infection was highly endemic...
February 14, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194998/-i-have-faith-in-science-and-in-god-common-sense-cognitive-polyphasia-and-attitudes-to-science-in-nigeria
#13
Bankole A Falade, Martin W Bauer
This study, of modern common sense in Nigeria, combines questionnaires and interviews to examine the compatibility and incompatibility of religion and science. Nigeria is a large country with a complex diversity of religious, ethnic and cultural practices that condition the reception and elaboration of science in everyday life. We find evaluative attitudes to science structured as 'progress', 'fear' and 'mythical image'. Scientific knowledge and religiosity have a direct bearing on expectations of progress and feeling of fear and worry about science; mythical image is independent of this...
February 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193553/an-investigation-of-reactivity-effect-due-to-inadvertent-filling-of-the-irradiation-channels-with-water-in-nirr-1-nigeria-research-reactor-1
#14
U Iliyasu, Y V Ibrahim, Sadiq Umar, S A Agbo, Y Jibrin
Investigation of reactivity variation due to flooding of the irradiation channels of Nigeria Research Reactor (NIRR-1) a low power miniature neutron source reactor (MNSR) located at the Centre for Energy Research and Training, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Nigeria using the MCNP code for High Enrich Uranium (HEU) and Low Enrich Uranium (LEU) core has been simulated in this present study. In this work, the excess reactivity worth of flooding HEU core for 1 inner, 2 inner, 3 inner, 4 inner and all inner are 0...
February 9, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192518/infant-feeding-practices-and-diarrhoea-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-with-high-diarrhoea-mortality
#15
Felix A Ogbo, Kingsley Agho, Pascal Ogeleka, Sue Woolfenden, Andrew Page, John Eastwood
BACKGROUND: The impacts of optimal infant feeding practices on diarrhoea have been documented in some developing countries, but not in countries with high diarrhoea mortality as reported by the World Health Organisation/United Nations Children's Fund. We aimed to investigate the association between infant feeding practices and diarrhoea in sub-Saharan African countries with high diarrhoea mortality. METHOD: The study used the most recent Demographic and Health Survey datasets collected in nine sub-Saharan African countries with high diarrhoea mortality, namely: Burkina Faso (2010, N = 9,733); Demographic Republic of Congo (2013; N = 10,458); Ethiopia (2013, N = 7,251); Kenya (2014, N = 14,034); Mali (2013, N = 6,365); Niger (2013, N = 7,235); Nigeria (2013, N = 18,539); Tanzania (2010, N = 5,013); and Uganda (2010, N = 4,472)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190417/test-anxiety-and-academic-performance-among-undergraduates-the-moderating-role-of-achievement-motivation
#16
Anthony Gbenro Balogun, Shyngle Kolawole Balogun, Chidi Victor Onyencho
This study investigated the moderating role of achievement motivation in the relationship between test anxiety and academic performance. Three hundred and ninety three participants (192 males and 201 females) selected from a public university in Ondo State, Nigeria using a purposive sampling technique, participated in the study. They responded to measures of test anxiety and achievement motivation. Three hypotheses were tested using moderated hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Results showed that test anxiety had a negative impact on academic performance (β = -...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188551/concentrations-of-some-heavy-metals-in-underground-water-samples-from-a-nigerian-crude-oil-producing-community
#17
Chukwunonso E C C Ejike, Chinedu O Eferibe, Francis O Okonkwo
Pollution due to oil exploration activities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria and government under-investments in potable water infrastructure has led to the dependence of the population on personal boreholes. Yet, there are little quality or surveillance reports on such waters. The concentrations of heavy metals in underground water samples from an oil producing area, Umuebulu, in the Niger Delta were therefore investigated. Water samples were collected from three test points, each approximately 300 m from (1) wellhead area (WHA), (2) flare area (FA) and (3) effluent discharge area (EDA), and one control point located 10 km away from any oil-related activity...
February 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188412/occurrence-and-distribution-of-bovine-tb-pathology-by-age-sex-and-breed-of-cattle-slaughtered-in-gusau-abattoir-zamfara-state-nigeria
#18
Ibrahim Ahmad, Caleb Ayuba Kudi, Alhaji Idris Abdulkadir, S N A Saidu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185220/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-surface-sediments-near-a-mining-site-in-okobo-enjema-nigeria-concentrations-source-apportionment-and-risk-assessment
#19
Kenechukwu E Ugwu, Pius O Ukoha
PAHs are pollutants of serious environmental and human health concerns. PAH studies in environmental compartments may assist in designing PAH control measures. The levels of selected PAHs in surface sediment samples of a stream near a mining site at Okobo-Enjema, Nigeria, were investigated. The data were used to determine the possible sources of the PAHs and to assess the potential health risk of the PAHs to humans which was evaluated based on the sediment quality, contamination level and cancer risk guidelines...
February 9, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184239/randomized-trial-evaluating-self-sampling-for-hpv-dna-based-tests-for-cervical-cancer-screening-in-nigeria
#20
Fatima Modibbo, K C Iregbu, James Okuma, Annemiek Leeman, Annemieke Kasius, Maurits de Koning, Wim Quint, Clement Adebamowo
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remain high due to several factors including low levels of uptake of cervical cancer screening. Self-collection of cervicovaginal samples for HPV DNA testing may be an effective modality that can increase uptake of cervical cancer screening in SSA and hard to reach populations in developed countries. We investigated whether self-collection of cervicovaginal samples for HPV DNA tests would be associated with increased uptake of screening compared with clinic based collection of samples...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
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