keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nigeria

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812836/understanding-internal-accountability-in-nigeria-s-routine-immunization-system-perspectives-from-government-officials-at-the-national-state-and-local-levels
#1
Daniel J Erchick, Asha S George, Chukwunonso Umeh, Chizoba Wonodi
BACKGROUND: Routine immunization coverage in Nigeria has remained low, and studies have identified a lack of accountability as a barrier to high performance in the immunization system. Accountability lies at the heart of various health systems strengthening efforts recently launched in Nigeria, including those related to immunization. Our aim was to understand the views of health officials on the accountability challenges hindering immunization service delivery at various levels of government...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812823/an-assessment-of-national-maternal-and-child-health-policy-makers-knowledge-and-capacity-for-evidence-informed-policy-making-in-nigeria
#2
Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest globally in the use of more rigorous processes to ensure that maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence use. The purpose of this study was to engage Nigerian MNCH policy-makers and other stakeholders to consider issues around research to policy and practice interface and to assess their existing knowledge and capacity on the use of research evidence for policy-making and practice...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810849/in-vitro-antiplasmodial-activity-and-prophylactic-potentials-of-extract-and-fractions-of-trema-orientalis-linn-stem-bark
#3
John Oludele Olanlokun, Oluwole Moses David, Anthony Jide Afolayan
BACKGROUND: Trema orientalis (T. orientalis Linn) has been used in the management of malaria in the western part of Nigeria and despite its application in ethnomedicine, there is dearth of scientific evidence to justify the acclaimed prophylactic antimalarial usage of the plant. The aim of this study is to assess the in vitro antiplasmodial cell-free assay and chemopreventive efficacy of the methanol extract of the stem bark of T. orientalis and its fractions as a prophylactic regimen for malaria prevention...
August 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810669/hiv-status-disclosure-facility-based-delivery-and-postpartum-retention-of-mothers-in-a-prevention-clinical-trial-in-rural-nigeria
#4
Kidane A Sarko, Meridith Blevins, Aimalohi A Ahonkhai, Carolyn M Audet, Troy D Moon, Usman I Gebi, Ahmed M Gana, C William Wester, Sten H Vermund, Muktar H Aliyu
Background: Within the context of a cluster randomized prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) trial, we evaluated the impact of disclosure on selected PMTCT continuum of care measures. Methods: In 12 rural matched-pair clinics randomly assigned to an intervention package versus standard-of-care, we enrolled 372 HIV-infected pregnant women from April 2013 to March 2014. This secondary analysis included 327 (87.9%) women with unknown HIV status or who were treatment naïve at presentation to antenatal care...
July 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808954/heavy-metal-pollutants-in-selected-organs-of-african-giant-rats-from-three-agro-ecological-zones-of-nigeria-evidence-for-their-role-as-an-environmental-specimen-bank
#5
Ifukibot Levi Usende, Benjamin O Emikpe, James Olukayode Olopade
An assessment of the concentration of heavy metals in the liver, brain, kidney, bone, and lungs of African giant rats (AGRs) from three agro-ecological zones of Nigeria having different industrial activities was carried out using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Twenty adult AGRs from cities in mangrove/freshwater swamp, rainforest, and woodland/tall grass savanna agro-ecological zones of Nigeria were used for this study. AGRs were euthanized, carefully dissected, and the brains, liver, lungs, bone, and kidneys were harvested, digested, and analyzed for concentrations of vanadium (V), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), copper (Cu), and iron (Fe)...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807132/primary-health-care-workers-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-depression-and-its-management-in-the-mehpric-p-project-lagos-nigeria
#6
Abiodun O Adewuya, Tomilola Adewumi, Bolanle Ola, Olayinka Abosede, Abiodun Oyeneyin, Adedolapo Fasawe, Olajide Idris
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, perceived challenges and attitude of primary health care (PHC) workers in Lagos to depression and its management in the PHC. METHODS: Health workers (n=607) from 49 "flagship" PHCs in Lagos were evaluated for their level of knowledge, experience, competence, attitude and perceived challenges to managing depression in the primary care using a case vignette. RESULTS: More than half (56.2%) of the health workers correctly diagnosed depression...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805985/willingness-to-pay-for-antiretroviral-drugs-among-hiv-and-aids-clients-in-south-east-nigeria
#7
Chinyere Mbachu, Chijioke Okoli, Obinna Onwujekwe, Fabian Enabulele
BACKGROUND: The current trend of withdrawal of donor support for HIV/AIDS treatment in Nigeria may require that the cost of antiretroviral drugs be borne in part by infected people and their families. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the economic value for free antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) expressed by clients receiving treatment for HIV/AIDS in a tertiary hospital. STUDY METHOD: The contingent valuation method was used to elicit the values attached to free ARVs from people living with HIV/AIDS that were receiving care in a public tertiary hospital in south-east Nigeria...
August 14, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805712/health-risks-awareness-of-electronic-waste-workers-in-the-informal-sector-in-nigeria
#8
Chimere M Ohajinwa, Peter M Van Bodegom, Martina G Vijver, Willie J G M Peijnenburg
Insight into the health risk awareness levels of e-waste workers is important as it may offer opportunities for better e-waste recycling management strategies to reduce the health effects of informal e-waste recycling. Therefore, this study assessed the knowledge, attitude, and practices associated with occupational health risk awareness of e-waste workers compared with a control group (butchers) in the informal sector in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was used to assess health risk awareness of 279 e-waste workers (repairers and dismantlers) and 221 butchers from the informal sector in three locations in Nigeria in 2015...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803088/treat-the-pain-program
#9
Megan O'Brien, Amanda Schwartz, Laura Plattner
CONTEXT: Globally, low and middle-income countries are home to 70% of cancer deaths and 99% of HIV deaths, but they consume just 7% of opioid analgesics. OBJECTIVE: The American Cancer Society's Treat the Pain program partners with governments in low and middle-income countries to improve access to high-quality essential pain medicines. METHOD: Treat the Pain has developed the MORPHINE Framework to provide a structure to describe challenges to access to pain relief and to group and sequence interventions to address these challenges...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802280/detection-and-molecular-identification-of-cryptosporidium-species-in-laboratory-rats-rattus-norvegicus-in-ibadan-nigeria
#10
Adekunle Bamidele Ayinmode, Nkeiruka Fortunate Ogbonna, Giovanni Widmer
To study the occurrence of Cryptosporidium infection in laboratory rats (Rattus norvegicus) raised for experimental usage, 134 faecal samples were obtained from two rearing houses in Ibadan and examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocyst using the modified acid fast staining technique. Cryptosporidium species in 2 samples positive for microscopy were further characterized by a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplifying the 18S rRNA gene. Two of 134 samples were positive for the Cryptosporidium oocysts...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801880/effects-of-educational-intervention-on-nurses-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-providing-cervical-cancer-screening-information-in-selected-health-facilities-in-ibadan-nigeria
#11
Chizoma M Ndikom, Bola A Ofi, Folashade O Omokhodion, Patricia O Bakare, Cecilia Olusade Adetayo
Cervical cancer is a major cause of death among women especially in developing nations. It can be prevented through screening yet many women are unaware of screening options. Nurses are in vantage position to provide cervical cancer screening (CCS) information and services especially in antenatal clinics. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of an educational intervention (EI) on nurses' knowledge and attitude towards providing CCS information. This quasi-experimental study was conducted in eight health facilities in Ibadan, Nigeria...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800771/perceived-confidence-to-use-female-condoms-among-students-in-tertiary-institutions-of-a-metropolitan-city-southwestern-nigeria
#12
Taiwo A Obembe, Ayo S Adebowale, Kehinde O Odebunmi
BACKGROUND: Latex condoms for men have been documented to offer high efficacy as both a contraceptive and protection against sexually transmitted diseases. This equally establishes the importance of continued research on female condoms. This study aims to investigate the perceived confidence to use the female condoms amongst undergraduate female students from selected tertiary institutions from Ibadan Southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey involving 388 female undergraduate students selected through a multistage sampling technique...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800275/polyphenol-rich-fraction-of-parquetina-nigrescens-mitigates-dichlorvos-induced-cardiorenal-dysfunction-through-reduction-in-cardiac-nitrotyrosine-and-renal-p38-expressions-in-wistar-rats
#13
Ademola A Oyagbemi, Temidayo O Omobowale, Grace O Ochigbo, Ebunoluwa R Asenuga, Olufunke Eunice Ola-Davies, Temitayo O Ajibade, Adebowale B Saba, Adeolu A Adedapo
Parquetina nigrescens is commonly used to treat diseases in humans and animals in developing countries, including Nigeria. This study evaluates the effects of its polyphenol-rich fraction (prf) on dichlorvos-induced cardio- and renal toxicity. There were several factors assessed during this study, including cardiac and renal markers, serum myeloperoxidase and xanthine oxidase, and electrocardiograph (ECG) changes. The changes in electrocardiograph (ECG) were recorded. Immunohistochemistry of cardiac and renal p38 and nitrotyrosine was determined...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798897/factors-influencing-the-choice-of-child-delivery-location-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-services-and-immunization-clinic-in-southeastern-nigeria
#14
Johnbull Egharevba, Jennifer Pharr, Brian van Wyk, Echezona Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In Nigeria, most deliveries take place at home or with traditional birth attendants (TBAs). This study examined the factors that influenced or determined utilization of healthcare facility delivery services among women who attended antenatal care (ANC) services. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 220 women who registered for ANC at a hospital and delivered within 18 months. Associations between independent variables and choice of healthcare facility delivery were analyzed...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798893/complementary-feeding-knowledge-practices-and-dietary-diversity-among-mothers-of-under-five-children-in-an-urban-community-in-lagos-state-nigeria
#15
Foluke Adenike Olatona, Jesupelumi Oreoluwa Adenihun, Sunday Adedeji Aderibigbe, Oluwafunmilayo Funke Adeniyi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Inappropriate complementary feeding is a major cause of child malnutrition and death. This study determined the complementary feeding knowledge, practices, minimum dietary diversity, and acceptable diet among mothers of under-five children in an urban Local Government Area of Lagos State, Southwest Nigeria. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Eti-Osa area of Lagos State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select 355 mothers and infants...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797278/hiv-prevalence-and-high-risk-behaviour-of-young-brothel-and-non-brothel-based-female-sex-workers-in-nigeria
#16
Uchenna Onyekachi Okafor, Rik Crutzen, Okekearu Ifeanyi, Sylvia Adebajo, Hubertus Van den Borne
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a core group in the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Young FSWs are particularly more vulnerable to HIV due to the combination of vulnerabilities associated with their youth and the sex work they engage in. This study aims to give more insight into HIV prevalence and sexual risk behaviour of young FSWs in Nigeria, by focusing on the differences between BB and NBB young FSWs. METHODS: Data was obtained from the Nigeria Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance Survey (IBBSS) for high-risk groups conducted in 2010...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795095/quantitative-exploration-of-factors-influencing-psychotic-disorder-ailments-in-nigeria
#17
Adebowale O Adejumo, Nehemiah A Ikoba, Esivue A Suleiman, Hilary I Okagbue, Pelumi E Oguntunde, Oluwole A Odetunmibi, Obalowu Job
In this data article, records on demographic data, family problem issues, as well as results of medical tests from five major classes of psychotic disorder namely: bipolar; vascular dementia, minimal brain dysfunction; insomnia; and schizophrenia, were collected on 500 psychotic patients carefully selected from the pool of medical records of Yaba Psychiatric Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, for the period of 5 years, between January 2010 and December 2014, were examined. X-squared Statistic was used to examine each of psychotic disorders to identify demographic (age, gender, religion, marital status, and occupation) and family issues (loss of parent, history of such ailment in the family (family status), divorce, head injury, and heredity of such ailment (genetic) factors that influence them...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795088/geostatistical-exploration-of-dataset-assessing-the-heavy-metal-contamination-in-ewekoro-limestone-southwestern-nigeria
#18
Kehinde D Oyeyemi, Ahzegbobor P Aizebeokhai, Hilary I Okagbue
The dataset for this article contains geostatistical analysis of heavy metals contamination from limestone samples collected from Ewekoro Formation in the eastern Dahomey basin, Ogun State Nigeria. The samples were manually collected and analysed using Microwave Plasma Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (MPAS). Analysis of the twenty different samples showed different levels of heavy metals concentration. The analysed nine elements are Arsenic, Mercury, Cadmium, Cobalt, Chromium, Nickel, Lead, Vanadium and Zinc...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795066/otolaryngological-presentations-in-times-of-terror-profile-from-a-tertiary-health-center-in-north-central-nigeria
#19
Adeyi A Adoga, Daniel D Kokong, Kenneth N Ozoilo
OBJECTIVES: To report the incidence, socio-demographic characteristics, otorhinolaryngological presentations and outcomes of management of patients at the Jos University Teaching Hospital following terror attacks. METHODS: A prospective descriptive hospital based study of consecutive patients presenting with ear, nose and throat injuries as a result of bomb blasts and ethno-religious crises within a six-year period and managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital were studied for age, gender, ear, nose and throat presentations, injury mechanism, interventions and outcome of interventions...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793340/neonatal-infant-and-under-five-mortalities-in-nigeria-an-examination-of-trends-and-drivers-2003-2013
#20
Oyewale Mayowa Morakinyo, Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe
Neonatal (NMR), infant (IMR) and under-five (U5M) mortality rates remain high in Nigeria. Evidence-based knowledge of trends and drivers of child mortality will aid proper interventions needed to combat the menace. Therefore, this study assessed the trends and drivers of NMR, IMR, and U5M over a decade in Nigeria. A nationally representative data from three consecutive Nigeria Demographic and Household Surveys (NDHS) was used. A total of 66,158 live births within the five years preceding the 2003 (6029), 2008 (28647) and 2013 (31482) NDHS were included in the analyses...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
1523
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"