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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413410/eccentric-macular-hole-after-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-idiopathic-macular-hole-a-case-report
#1
Irini Chatziralli, George Theodossiadis, Maria Douvali, Alexandros A Rouvas, Panagiotis Theodossiadis
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative eccentric macular hole (MH) formation is an uncommon complication after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling for epiretinal membrane or MH treatment. Herein, we present a case of eccentric MH formation after PPV with ILM peeling for MH. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 72-year-old female patient underwent 23-gauge PPV with ILM peeling for idiopathic MH in her right eye. The visual acuity was 6/24 in the right eye...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405744/long-term-follow-up-of-fellow-eye-in-patients-with-lamellar-macular-hole
#2
Ugo Nava, Matteo Giuseppe Cereda, Ferdinando Bottoni, Chiara Preziosa, Marco Pellegrini, Andrea Giani, Giovanni Staurenghi
BACKGROUND: To evaluate macular changes in fellow eyes of patients diagnosed with lamellar macular hole (LMH) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and blue fundus autofluorescence (B-FAF). METHODS: Fellow eyes of patients diagnosed with a LMH were retrospectively evaluated on OCT. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central foveal thickness (CFT) were recorded. Corresponding B-FAF images, vitreo-macular relations, and type of epiretinal membranes (ERMs) were also examined...
April 13, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376042/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-macula-involving-cytomegalovirus-retinitis
#3
Mrinali P Gupta, Sarju Patel, Anton Orlin, Elizabeth Marlow, Ru-Ik Chee, Jennifer Nadelmann, R V Paul Chan, Donald J DʼAmico, Szilard Kiss
PURPOSE: To evaluate the microstructural features of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: Subjects were patients with macula-involving CMV retinitis with OCT imaging. The leading edge of retinitis in the macula was identified based on fundus imaging, and OCT findings were longitudinally evaluated in three areas: within the area of active retinitis, at the leading edge of retinitis, and just beyond the leading edge of retinitis...
April 3, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362058/correlation-between-postoperative-area-of-high-autofluorescence-in-macula-and-visual-acuity-after-macular-hole-closure
#4
Peng Zhang, Qingli Shang, Jingxue Ma, Yuhua Hao, Cunxi Ye
PURPOSE: To determine the correlation between the preoperative basal diameter of macular hole, the postoperative area of high autofluorescence (AF) in macula, and visual acuity in full-thickness macular hole. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with full-thickness macular hole who underwent vitrectomy and C3F8 filling were reviewed. The preoperative diameter of macular hole, the 6 months postoperative area of high AF in macula if it existed, the length of inner segment/outer segment (IS/OS) defect, and visual acuity were obtained...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301411/retinal-phenotype-in-a-case-of-lchad-tfp-deficiency-with-late-stage-diagnosis
#5
Jacob A Knowles, Ioannis S Dimopoulos, Ian M MacDonald
PURPOSE: To report the retinal phenotype of a rare case of long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCHAD)/trifunctional protein (TFP) deficiency diagnosed in his late 40s with ocular findings of diffuse chorioretinal atrophy and bilateral retinoschisis. METHODS: An acylcarnitine profile assay revealed LCHAD/TFP deficiency in a 45-year-old man with a history of high myopia, bilateral decreased vision, episodic rhabdomyolysis, and peripheral neuropathy. Ocular findings were evaluated with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (Spectralis OCT; Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) and color fundus photography...
March 15, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196050/visualization-of-the-macula-in-gas-filled-eyes-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-versus-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#6
Seong Joon Ahn, Seung Hoon Park, Byung Ro Lee
PURPOSE: To compare the visualization of the macula between spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) in gas-filled eyes. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with common indications of gas tamponade, including 27 with macular holes and 34 with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, who were treated with vitrectomy and gas tamponade were imaged using both SD-OCT (3D-OCT 2000, Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) and SS-OCT (DRI-OCT, Topcon) at 1, 3, and 7 days after the surgery...
February 10, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130556/the-new-vestibular-stimuli-sound-and-vibration-anatomical-physiological-and-clinical-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Ian S Curthoys
The classical view of the otoliths-as flat plates of fairly uniform receptors activated by linear acceleration dragging on otoconia and so deflecting the receptor hair bundles-has been replaced by new anatomical and physiological evidence which shows that the maculae are much more complex. There is anatomical spatial differentiation across the macula in terms of receptor types, hair bundle heights, stiffness and attachment to the overlying otolithic membrane. This anatomical spatial differentiation corresponds to the neural spatial differentiation of response dynamics from the receptors and afferents from different regions of the otolithic maculae...
April 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127736/direct-transretinal-removal-of-subfoveal-perfluorocarbon-liquid-the-role-and-timing-of-internal-limiting-membrane-peeling
#8
Stefano De Cillà, Micol Alkabes, Paolo Radice, Elisa Carini, Carlos Mateo
PURPOSE: To describe a case series including 4 patients undergoing direct transretinal aspiration of subfoveal perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) and internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling after macula-off retinal detachment surgery. METHODS: Four patients who had undergone vitreoretinal surgery due to primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were further treated because of retained subfoveal PFCL. Direct transretinal aspiration of PFCL through a self-sealing foveal retinotomy was performed in all cases using a 41-G needle placed on the top of the bubble...
March 10, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124146/aniseikonia-in-various-retinal-disorders
#9
Fumiki Okamoto, Yoshimi Sugiura, Yoshifumi Okamoto, Takahiro Hiraoka, Tetsuro Oshika
PURPOSE: The purpose was to quantify and compare the severity of aniseikonia in patients undergoing vitrectomy for various retinal disorders. METHODS: We studied 357 patients with retinal disorders including epiretinal membrane (ERM), macular hole (MH), cystoid macular edema with branch / central retinal vein occlusion (BRVO-CME / CRVO-CME), diabetic macular edema (DME), macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (M-off RD), and macula-on RD (M-on RD) as well as 31 normal controls...
January 25, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114699/-vision-loss-in-association-with-silicone-oil
#10
J Tode, J Roider
Silicone oil tamponades have been a key feature of vitreoretinal surgery for more than 40 years. The use of these durable vitreous substitutes has not only been limited to tractive retinal detachments, inflammatory chorioretinopathies or other complicated vitreoretinal diseases, but also to macular holes and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. During the last 12 years, an increasing number of cases of vision loss during or after the removal of silicone oil have been reported in the literature. In up to one third of patients with uncomplicated macula-attached retinal detachment with good preoperative vision, continuing vision loss is seen...
January 23, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980358/epiretinal-proliferation-associated-with-macular-hole-and-intraoperative-perifoveal-crown-phenomenon
#11
Gisung Son, Ji Shin Lee, Suchan Lee, Joonhong Sohn
PURPOSE: To discuss the unique morphology and origin of epiretinal proliferation associated with macular hole (EPMH) occasionally observed in full-thickness macular hole (FT-MH) or lamellar hole (LH) and to introduce the perifoveal crown phenomenon encountered when removing this unusual proliferative tissue. METHODS: Sixteen patients showing EPMH in spectral domain-optical coherence tomography were selected from 212 patients diagnosed with MH, LH, FT-MH, impending MH, macular pseudohole, or epiretinal membrane between January 2013 and December 2014...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881586/iatrogenic-parafoveal-macular-hole-following-nd-yag-posterior-hyaloidotomy-for-premacular-haemorrhage
#12
Ravi Bypareddy, Rohan Chawla, Shorya Vardhan Azad, Brijesh Takkar
Premacular sub-internal limiting membrane (sub-ILM) haemorrhage is a known cause of sudden profound loss of vision. Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (ND-YAG) posterior hyaloidotomy is an inexpensive, effective and safe treatment modality for rapid drainage of haemorrhage covering the macula. An 18-year-old male patient presented to us with a history of Nd-YAG posterior hyaloidotomy for Valsalva-related premacular bleed. At the posterior pole, a cavity formed by the detached ILM with a central defect in ILM-posterior hyaloid complex was evident...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786583/the-efficacy-and-safety-profile-of-ocriplasmin-in-vitreomacular-interface-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Mehrine Shaikh, John B Miller, Thanos D Papakostas, Deeba Husain
Vitreomacular adhesion (VMA) describes the adhesion of the posterior hyaloid face to the inner retina in any part of the macula. This can arise after incomplete separation of the posterior vitreous cortex from the macula during vitreous liquefaction. While the VMA may resolve spontaneously, a strong and persistent adhesion can lead to a variety of anatomical changes, including vitreomacular traction (VMT) and macular hole (MH). Both conditions can present with metamorphopsia and decreased vision. In cases of symptomatic VMT and full-thickness macular hole, pars plana vitrectomy has long been the standard of care...
2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755378/macular-hole-after-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment
#14
Carlos A Medina, Angelica G Ortiz, Nidhi Relhan, William E Smiddy, Justin H Townsend, Harry W Flynn
PURPOSE: To report the clinical features, possible associations and treatment outcomes of patients with macular hole after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) (single or multiple) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD). METHODS: Retrospective consecutive case series from July 2009 to July 2014. RESULTS: In the 15 study patients, the average time from RD surgery to macular hole diagnosis was 119 days (range: 41-398 months). Possible associations include epiretinal membrane (73%, 11/15 patients), macula-off RD (60%, 9/15 patients), recurrent RD (47%, 7/15 patients), and high myopia (56%, 5/9 patients)...
October 11, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635062/prevalence-and-predictors-of-metamorphopsia-after-successful-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-surgery-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study
#15
Chuandi Zhou, Qiurong Lin, Fenge Chen
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of metamorphopsia after successful rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) surgery and determine the independent predictors of metamorphopsia. METHODS: A cross-sectional, comparative study. The study included 380 eyes of 357 patients who underwent a successful RRD surgery between 2009 and 2015. The presence of metamorphopsia was tested with an Amsler grid and the foveal microstructure was scanned with high-resolution spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) at a follow-up visit...
September 15, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632712/the-association-of-epiretinal-membrane-with-macular-hole-formation-after-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-repair
#16
Rahul N Khurana, Charles C Wykoff, Alok S Bansal, Kunihiko Akiyama, James D Palmer, Eric Chen, Louis K Chang, James C Major, Chengqing Wu, Rui Wang, Daniel E Croft, Tien P Wong
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical and optical coherence tomography findings associated with the development of full-thickness macular holes after rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair. METHODS: Retrospective, interventional case series. All patients who developed full-thickness macular holes after successful RRD repair from 3 clinical practices were reviewed. All cases of combined/simultaneous full-thickness macular hole and RRD were excluded. The main outcome measure was the presence of an epiretinal membrane at time of diagnosis of macular hole...
September 14, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604762/comparisons-of-focal-macular-electroretinograms-after-indocyanine-green-brilliant-blue-g-or-triamcinolone-acetonide-assisted-macular-hole-surgery
#17
Shigeki Machida, Tomoharu Nishimura, Takayuki Ohzeki, Ken-Ichi Murai, Daijiro Kurosaka
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of indocyanine green (ICG)-, brilliant blue G (BBG)-, or triamcinolone acetonide (TA)-assisted internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling during macular hole (MH) surgery on the different components of the focal macular electroretinograms (fmERGs). METHODS: Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients with a macular hole were randomly divided into those undergoing ICG-, BBG-, or TA-assisted vitrectomy (n = 16 for each group). All patients had combined cataract and macular hole surgery with ILM peeling...
March 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575410/topographic-changes-of-the-macula-after-closure-of-idiopathic-macular-hole
#18
Kang Yeun Pak, Keun Heung Park, Kyong Ho Kim, Sung Who Park, Ik Soo Byon, Hyun Woong Kim, In Young Chung, Joo Eun Lee, Sang Joon Lee, Ji Eun Lee
PURPOSE: To investigate retinal displacement in the macula after surgical closure of idiopathic macular hole and to identify factors correlated with displacement. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study included 73 eyes of 73 patients having idiopathic macular hole. A custom program was developed to compare the position of the retinal vessels in the macula between preoperative and postoperative photographs. En face images of a 6 mm × 6 mm optical coherence tomography volume scans were registered to calculate the scale...
April 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555798/idiopathic-horseshoe-like-macular-tear-a-case-report
#19
Masaomi Kubota, Tomohiro Shibata, Hisato Gunji, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
BACKGROUND: Although a few cases with idiopathic horseshoe-like macular tear have been reported, the mechanism remains unknown and a standard treatment has yet to be determined. OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome for a patient with idiopathic horseshoe-like macular tear who underwent vitreous surgery. CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old man with no previous injury or ophthalmic disease presented with abnormal vision in his left eye. Best-corrected visual acuity was 0...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491476/controversies-over-the-role-of-internal-limiting-membrane-peeling-during-vitrectomy-in-macular-hole-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Francesco Morescalchi, Ciro Costagliola, Elena Gambicorti, Sarah Duse, Mario Rosario Romano, Francesco Semeraro
Surgical management of an idiopathic macular hole consists of vitrectomy to release vitreofoveal traction and intraocular tamponade to flatten and reappose the hole's edges. The intentional atraumatic removal of the internal limiting membrane has been proposed as cost-effective option in macular hole surgery. The internal limiting membrane contributes to tangential traction at the edges of the hole and acts as a platform on which glial cells proliferate. Removal of the internal limiting membrane increases the elasticity of the denuded macula and improves the anatomical success rate; however, the visual consequences of this surgical maneuver are still not fully known...
January 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
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