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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212460/do-low-oxygen-environments-facilitate-marine-invasions-relative-tolerance-of-native-and-invasive-species-to-low-oxygen-conditions
#1
Marcelo E Lagos, Diego R Barneche, Craig R White, Dustin J Marshall
Biological invasions are one of the biggest threats to global biodiversity. Marine artificial structures are proliferating worldwide and provide a haven for marine invasive species. Such structures disrupt local hydrodynamics, which can lead to the formation of oxygen-depleted microsites. The extent to which native fauna can cope with such low oxygen conditions, and whether invasive species, long associated with artificial structures in flow-restricted habitats, have adapted to these conditions remains unclear...
February 17, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211594/substance-dependence-among-those-without-symptoms-of-substance-abuse-in-the-world-mental-health-survey
#2
Luise Lago, Meyer D Glantz, Ronald C Kessler, Nancy A Sampson, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Silvia Florescu, Jacek Moskalewicz, Sam Murphy, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Maria Carmen Viana, Miguel Xavier, Louisa Degenhardt
The World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative uses the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). The first 13 surveys only assessed substance dependence among respondents with a history of substance abuse; later surveys also assessed substance dependence without symptoms of abuse. We compared results across the two sets of surveys to assess implications of the revised logic and develop an imputation model for missing values of lifetime dependence in the earlier surveys...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202799/clonal-complexity-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-can-hamper-diagnostic-procedures
#3
Laura Pérez-Lago, Marta Herranz, Yurena Navarro, María Jesús Ruiz Serrano, Pilar Miralles, Emilio Bouza, Darío García-de-Viedma
Clonal complexity is increasingly accepted in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, including mixed infections by ≥2 strains, which usually occur in settings with a high burden of tuberculosis and/or a high risk of overexposure to infected patients. Mixed infections can hamper diagnostic procedures: obtaining an accurate antibiogram is difficult when the susceptibility patterns of the strains differ. Here, we show how mixed infections can also prove challenging for other diagnostic procedures, even outside settings where mixed infections are traditionally expected...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201928/movie-piracy-networks-at-alaba-international-market-lagos-nigeria
#4
Oludayo Tade, Okoro Paul Mmahi
This study examined the veiled chain of film piracy, a major crime in the Nigeria entertainment industry. Studies on film piracy in Nigeria have focused on its economic implications, both on the copyright owners and on the Nigerian economy. The organization of the activities of the film pirates has, however, been neglected. Narratives were extracted through in-depth interviews with pirates, "marketers," and "producers." Data indicated that pirates were insiders in the film marketing industry and included importers of foreign movies, registered and nonregistered retailers of Nigerian films, as well as marketers appointed by copyright owners to distribute their films...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197944/wet-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-deposition-in-the-eutrophication-of-the-lagos-lagoon-nigeria
#5
Najeem O Oladosu, Akeem A Abayomi, Kehinde O Olayinka, Babajide I Alo
Air pollution is influenced by wind-aided particulate suspension, open-air waste burning, and fossil fuel combustion. The pollutants from these sources eventually deposit on ambient surfaces. Atmospheric wet deposition into Lagos Lagoon may be significant additions to the nutrient levels of the eutrophic lagoon. Precipitation was monitored at three stations in the Lagos Lagoon basin from May to November, 2012, in order to estimate the contribution of wet deposition to the nutrient cycles of the lagoon. Water samples were digested with potassium persulfate, and the species of phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) were analyzed by colorimetric methods...
February 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194869/the-effect-of-brushing-and-aging-on-the-staining-and-smoothness-of-resin-composites
#6
Lisandra R Mozzaquatro, Camila S Rodrigues, Marina R Kaizer, Maristela Lago, André Mallmann, Letícia B Jacques
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the staining and smoothness of resin composites undergoing aging in water or red wine and simulated brushing with or without dentifrice. METHODS: The resin composites (Z250 microfilled and Z350XT nanofilled) were tested according to aging media (deionized water or red wine) and surface treatment (no brushing, brushed with water, or brushed with dentifrice). Specimens (n = 10) were subjected to three aging cycles (5 days) of continuous immersion in the aging media; each followed by simulated brushing (585 strokes)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188975/contemporary-analysis-of-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidity-after-uterine-rupture-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#7
Gustavo Vilchez, Jing Dai, Komal Kumar, Moraima Lagos, Robert J Sokol
AIM: Uterine rupture is a rare but feared perinatal event. Despite abundant research and changes to guidelines implemented to reduce this complication, evaluation of whether uterine rupture still engenders significant maternal/neonatal morbidity has not been conducted. We analyzed recent cases of maternal/neonatal morbidity after uterine rupture. METHODS: Deliveries complicated by uterine rupture from 2011 to 2012 in the United States were selected. Comparison cases without uterine rupture were used as controls...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187871/hyperamylasaemia-and-gastrointestinal-bleeding-as-the-first-manifestation-of-jejunal-ectopic-pancreas
#8
Iago Rodríguez-Lago, María Navajas, Margarita Durán, Amaia Martínez, Soraya Torres, Marta Aduna, Leire Etxegarai, José Luis Cabriada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187640/a-revision-of-the-cis-andean-species-of-the-genus-i-brycon-i-m%C3%A3-ller-amp-troschel-characiformes-characidae
#9
Flávio C T Lima
A revision of the cis-andean species of Brycon, with the exception of the Brycon pesu species-complex, is presented. Twenty-one Brycon species (including B. pesu) are recognized from cis-andean river systems: Brycon stolzmanni Steindachner, from the upper Río Marañon basin, Peru; Brycon coxeyi Fowler, from the Río Marañon basin, Ecuador and Peru; Brycon polylepis Moscó Morales, from the Lago de Maracaibo, Río Orinoco, upper rio Amazonas, and rio Tocantins basins, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, and Brazil; Brycon coquenani Steindachner, from the upper Río Caroni, Río Orinoco basin, Venezuela; Brycon insignis Steindachner, from the rio Paraíba do Sul and small adjacent coastal river basins of eastern Brazil; Brycon vermelha Lima & Castro, endemic from the rio Mucuri basin, eastern Brazil; Brycon howesi new species, endemic from the rio Jequitinhonha basin, Brazil; Brycon dulcis new species, endemic from the rio Doce basin, eastern Brazil; Brycon ferox Steindachner, from several small coastal river systems, including the rio Mucuri basin in eastern Brazil; Brycon vonoi new species, from the rio Pardo basin and apparently also from a adjacent river system, the rio Una, in eastern Brazil; Brycon opalinus (Cuvier), from the headwaters of the rio Paraíba do Sul and rio Doce basins, eastern Brazil; Brycon nattereri Günther, from the headwaters of the upper rio Paraná, rio São Francisco, and upper rio Tocantins basins, Brazil; Brycon orthotaenia Günther, endemic from the rio São Francisco basin, Brazil; Brycon orbignyanus (Valenciennes), from the rio Paraná and rio Uruguai basins, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay; Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes), from the rio Paraguai, middle rio Paraná, and upper rio Amazonas basins, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Peru, and Ecuador; Brycon whitei Myers & Weitzman, from the Río Orinoco basin in Colombia and Venezuela; Brycon amazonicus (Agassiz), from the Rio Amazonas and Río Orinoco basins, Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela, and Guyana; Brycon gouldingi Lima, endemic from the rio Tocantins basin, Brazil; Brycon melanopterus (Cope), from the western and central rio Amazonas basin, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia; and Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel, widespread in the the rio Amazonas and Río Orinoco basins, and several guyanese river systems, in Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana...
January 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174952/dop081-glycosylation-of-t-cells-a-novel-targeted-specific-therapeutic-strategy-in-ibd
#10
A M Dias, A Correia, M Pereira, C R Almeida, I Alves, M Lima, R Marcos-Pinto, C A Reis, M Vilanova, P Lago, S S Pinho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172837/p299-identification-of-a-prognostic-biomarker-able-to-predict-ulcerative-colitis-patients-that-will-not-respond-to-standard-therapy
#11
M Pereira, S Carvalho, L Azevedo, A Albergaria, J Lima, C Reis, I Pedroto, L Maia, R Marcos-Pinto, P Lago, S S Pinho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172784/p202-diagnosis-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-asymptomatic-subjects-disease-characteristics-natural-history-and-treatment-requirements
#12
I Rodríguez-Lago, O Merino, I Azagra, A Maiz, E Zapata, R Higuera, M Fernández-Calderόn, A Iriarte, P Arreba, J Carrascosa, I Montalvo, I Portillo, U Aguirre, J L Cabriada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172568/p508-association-between-clinical-outcome-and-post-induction-ct-p13-trough-levels-at-week-14-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-preliminary-results-in-an-observational-multicentric-study
#13
A Elosua González, D Oyόn Lara, Ó Nantes Castillejo, M Ά Ogueta Fernández, P Gutiérrez Mendizábal, M C Muñoz Villafranca, L Gόmez Irwin, A I Muñagorri Santos, I Rodríguez Lago, C Rodríguez Gutiérrez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172454/dop016-long-term-safety-of-in-utero-exposure-to-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-for-the-treatment-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-results-from-the-multicenter-european-teddy-study
#14
M Chaparro, A Verreth, T Lobaton, E Gravito-Soares, M Julsgaard, E Savarino, F Magro, I Avni Biron, P Lόpez-Serrano, M Casanova, M Gompertz, S Vitor, M Arroyo, D Pugliese, Y Zabana, R Vicente, M Aguas, A Bar-Gil Shitrit, A Gutierrez, G Doherty, L Fernández-Salazar, J Martinez Cadilla, J Huguet, A O'Toole, E Stasi, N Manceñido Marcos, A Villoria, K Karmiris, J Rahier, C Rodriguez, M Diz-Lois Palomares, G Fiorino, J Benítez, M Principi, T Naftali, C Taxonera, G Mantzaris, L Sebkova, B Iade, D Lissner, I Ferrer Bradley, A Lόpez-San Román, I Marín-Jiménez, O Merino, M Sierra, M Van Domselaar, F Caprioli, I Guerra, P Peixe, M Piqueras, I Rodríguez-Lago, Y Ber, K Van Hoeve, P Torres, E Gravito-Soares, D Rudbeck-Thomsen, O Bartolo, A Peixoto, G Martín, J Pérez, A Garre, M G Donday, J Martín de Carpi, J P Gisbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167601/imported-dengue-infection-in-a-spanish-hospital-with-a-high-proportion-of-travelers-from-africa-a-9-year-retrospective-study
#15
Carlos Toro, Patricia Trevisi, Beatriz López-Quintana, Aránzazu Amor, Nuria Iglesias, Mercedes Subirats, Concepción Ladrón de Guevara, Mar Lago, Marta Arsuaga, Fernando de la Calle-Prieto, Dolores Herrero, Margarita Rubio, Sabino Puente, Margarita Baquero
Epidemiological data on dengue in Africa are still scarce. We investigated imported dengue infection among travelers with a high proportion of subjects from Africa over a 9-year period. From January 2005 to December 2013, blood samples from travelers with clinical suspicion of dengue were analyzed. Dengue was diagnosed using serological, antigen detection, and molecular methods. Subjects were classified according to birthplace (Europeans versus non-Europeans) and last country visited. Overall, 10,307 serum samples corresponding to 8,295 patients were studied; 62% were European travelers, most of them from Spain, and 35...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167146/are-males-more-scared-of-predators-differential-change-in-metabolic-rate-between-males-and-females-under-predation-risk
#16
Patricio A Lagos, Marie E Herberstein
The non-consumptive effects of predation contribute to reduce preys' fitness. In this way, predation imposes a cost to animals, not only through direct consumption, but also as an energetic cost. One way used to estimate this cost in the past has been to measure the production of CO2 to estimate the change in metabolic rate because of predation. It has been proposed that this change is mediated by the insect stress neurohormone octopamine. Here we study the change in metabolic rate of the black field cricket (Teleogryllus commodus), and how the production of CO2 varies when a chemical cue from a sympatric predator is added...
February 3, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165542/nutritional-support-in-acute-pancreatitis-from-physiopathology-to-practice-an-evidence-based-approach
#17
E Rinninella, M G Annetta, M L Serricchio, A A Dal Lago, G A D Miggiano, M C Mele
Acute Pancreatitis (AP) is a potentially fatal syndrome, associated with a hyper-catabolic state as well as early and late complications that may lead to multi-organ failure and death. Clinical researches produced in recent years suggest that acute pancreatitis may benefit from early oral or enteral nutrition. Nevertheless, many clinicians still believe erroneously that fasting - particularly in the early phase - may reduce AP complications and mortality. The goal of our review is to demonstrate that such false belief may harm the patients and that the whole management paradigm must change, adopting a more rational, evidence-based approach...
January 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160863/antitrypanosomal-activity-and-evaluation-of-the-mechanism-of-action-of-dehydrodieugenol-isolated-from-nectandra-leucantha-lauraceae-and-its-methylated-derivative-against-trypanosoma-cruzi
#18
Simone S Grecco, Thais A Costa-Silva, Gerold Jerz, Fernanda S de Sousa, Geanne A Alves Conserva, Juliana T Mesquita, Mariana K Galuppo, Andre G Tempone, Bruno J Neves, Carolina H Andrade, Rodrigo L O R Cunha, Miriam Uemi, Patricia Sartorelli, João Henrique G Lago
BACKGROUND: From a previous screening of Brazilian biodiversity for antiprotozoal activity, the hexane extract from leaves of Nectandra leucantha (Nees & Mart.) (Lauraceae) demonstrated activity against Trypanosoma cruzi. Chromatographic separation of this extract afforded bioactive dehydrodieugenol (1). Furthermore, methylated derivative 2 (dehydrodieugenol dimethyl ether) was prepared and also tested against T. cruzi. PURPOSE: To examine the therapeutical potential of compounds 1 and 2 against T...
January 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159259/comparison-of-methods-for-analysis-of-resveratrol-in-dietary-vegetable-supplements
#19
E Moretón-Lamas, M Lago-Crespo, M A Lage-Yusty, J López-Hernández
Resveratrol is a stilbene, which is one of a group of polyphenols in many plant foods. Interest in this substance lies in its potential health benefits. This study aimed to compare two different methods, chromatographic and constant-wavelength synchronous spectrofluorimetry, an alternative technique to determine the amount of resveratrol dietary supplements, as a model for more complex foods. High-performance liquid chromatography-photodyode array detector-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry was used to confirm the results...
June 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158414/an-essential-pathology-package-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
Kenneth A Fleming, Mahendra Naidoo, Michael Wilson, John Flanigan, Susan Horton, Modupe Kuti, Lai Meng Looi, Chris Price, Kun Ru, Abdul Ghafur, Jianxiang Wang, Nestor Lago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
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