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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899214/assaulted-and-unheard-violence-against-health-care-staff
#1
James T Brophy, Margaret M Keith, Michael Hurley
Health-care workers regularly face the risk of violent physical, sexual, and verbal assault from their patients. To explore this phenomenon, a collaborative descriptive qualitative study was undertaken by university-affiliated researchers and a union council representing registered practical nurses, personal support workers, and other health-care staff in Ontario, Canada. A total of fifty-four health-care workers from diverse communities were consulted about their experiences and ideas. They described violence-related physical, psychological, interpersonal, and financial effects...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888492/physio-psychological-burdens-and-social-restrictions-on-parents-of-children-with-technology-dependency-are-associated-with-care-coordination-by-nurses
#2
Seigo Suzuki, Iori Sato, Shun Emoto, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
PURPOSE: To determine the association between parental care burdens and care coordination provided by nurses for children with technology dependency, specifically regarding physio-psychological burdens and social restrictions. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between October and November 2015. Participants were recruited via home-visit nursing stations, social worker offices, and special-needs schools. A total of 246 parents of children with technology dependency completed anonymous self-report questionnaires...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880809/urban-ministry-workers-positive-experiences-of-interpersonal-and-religious-support-during-crisis
#3
Ashley Wilkins, Cynthia Eriksson, Ann Gottuso, Christin Fort
Research on faith-based urban workers is limited despite the chronic and traumatic exposure inherent in their work. This study details the perception of positive interpersonal relationships during a time of trauma or crisis as described in semistructured 2- to 3-hour interviews with 13 faith-based urban workers in Los Angeles, California. Using strategies consistent with Consensual Qualitative Research, categories and subcategories defining positive interpersonal relationships were identified. Resulting categories suggested that there are specific characteristics, products, and types of relationships that urban workers experience as important during the time of trauma or crisis...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867831/quick-fixes-to-improve-workers-health-results-using-engineering-assessment-technology
#4
E J Haas, A B Cecala
Personal respirable dust sampling and the evaluation of control technologies have been providing exposure information to the mining industry but not necessarily in a way that shows how technology can be integrated to provide organizational support and resources for workers to mitigate dust sources on site. In response, the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) used previously developed Helmet-CAM technology to design and engage in a behavioral/engineering cooperative intervention to initiate and enhance mine site conversations about the risks and potential occurrences of respirable silica dust exposures on the job as well as provide impetus and solutions for mitigating higher sources of dust...
July 2017: Mining Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866910/factors-associated-with-living-situation-among-alzheimer-s-caregivers-in-the-south-of-spain-that-affect-the-election-of-external-support-services
#5
Manuel Ruiz-Adame Reina, Juan de Dios Jiménez Aguilera
Alzheimer's is a syndrome mainly suffered by women and the care they need is also mainly provided by other women. The aim of this paper is to describe the profile of users of professional support services and to find out if some socio-demographic factors are linked with those elections. The study was conducted from January to June 2012 thanks to the cooperation of over 41 Alzheimer's Associations in Andalusia, in the south of Spain. A person trained by the main researcher (a social worker or a psychologist) completed the questionnaire during an interview with the caregiver...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864120/attitudes-towards-disclosing-a-mental-illness-among-german-soldiers-and-their-comrades
#6
Nicolas Rüsch, Carolyn Rose, Fabian Holzhausen, Nadine Mulfinger, Silvia Krumm, Patrick W Corrigan, Gerd-Dieter Willmund, Peter Zimmermann
Many soldiers with mental illness (SWMIs) struggle with the decision whether to disclose their condition in or outside the military. This study therefore explored views on (self-)labeling as 'mentally ill', experiences of discrimination and coping, risks and benefits of (non-)disclosure, service use, disclosure decisions and consequences of disclosing. Active-duty SWMIs as well as soldiers without mental illness (commanding officers; enlisted ranks) and military social workers participated in focus groups. Transcripts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
August 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860882/health-promotion-psychological-distress-and-disease-prevention-in-the-workplace-a-cross-sectional-study-of-italian-adults
#7
Tiziana Ramaci, Monica Pellerone, Caterina Ledda, Venerando Rapisarda
BACKGROUND: Job insecurity resulting from new types of employment contracts, together with organizational dynamics such as restructuring and internationalization, is emerging as an important source of organizational and individual stress, often transforming the workplace into a hostile and, above all, extremely demanding context from a psychological point of view. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to identify the possible relationships between individual and organizational dimensions of work (such as engagement, autonomy, personal and collective efficacy at work, and satisfaction) and their impact on stress levels...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857009/what-support-do-nurses-need-to-provide-palliative-care-for-people-with-dementia
#8
Elizabeth Champion
The aim of this project was to identify the support required by registered nurses and unregistered healthcare support workers to provide palliative care for people with dementia in an acute hospital in England. A quantitative approach was taken and participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire. Data were collated and analysed to identify support needs and any emerging themes. Respondents were confident in identifying the different stages of dementia. There was less confidence in identifying a patient with dementia for palliative care referral compared with a patient without dementia...
August 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852900/building-employer-capacity-to-support-meaningful-employment-for-persons-with-developmental-disabilities-a-grounded-theory-study-of-employment-support-perspectives
#9
Marghalara Rashid, Sandra Hodgetts, David Nicholas
To explore strategies to build employer capacity to support people with DD in meaningful employment from perspective of employment support workers. A grounded theory study was conducted with 34 employment support individuals. A theoretical sampling approach was used to identify and recruit participants from multiple sites in Ontario and Alberta. Three main themes, with seven sub-themes, emerged: (1) experiences of supporting employment finding for people with DD, (2) institutional influences on employee experiences, and (3) attitudes, assumptions and stigma...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851421/engaging-and-staying-engaged-a-phenomenological-study-of-barriers-to-equitable-access-to-mental-healthcare-for-people-with-severe-mental-disorders-in-a-rural-african-setting
#10
Maji Hailemariam, Abebaw Fekadu, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: In low-and middle-income countries, integration of mental health into primary care is recommended to reduce the treatment gap. In this study we explored barriers to initial and ongoing engagement of people with severe mental disorders (SMD) in rural Ethiopia after implementing integrated primary mental healthcare services. METHODS: A qualitative approach was employed. In-depth interviews were conducted with 50 key informants: service users/caregivers engaged with care (n = 17), non-engagers and their caregivers (n = 10), those who had initiated treatment but disengaged and their caregivers (n = 12) and primary healthcare professionals (n = 11)...
August 29, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840827/a-nosocomial-measles-outbreak-in-italy-february-april-2017
#11
Andrea Porretta, Filippo Quattrone, Francesco Aquino, Giulio Pieve, Beatrice Bruni, Giulia Gemignani, Maria Linda Vatteroni, Mauro Pistello, Gaetano Pierpaolo Privitera, Pier Luigi Lopalco
We describe a nosocomial outbreak of measles that occurred in an Italian hospital during the first months of 2017, involving 35 persons and including healthcare workers, support personnel working in the hospital, visitors and community contacts. Late diagnosis of the first case, support personnel not being promptly recognised as hospital workers and diffusion of the infection in the emergency department had a major role in sustaining this outbreak.
August 17, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838292/balancing-the-cost-of-leaving-with-the-cost-of-living-drivers-of-long-term-retention-of-health-workers-an-explorative-study-in-three-rural-districts-in-eastern-uganda
#12
Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka, Martha Akulume, Moses Tetui, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, John Bua, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho
BACKGROUND: Health worker retention in rural and underserved areas remains a persisting problem in many low and middle income countries, and this directly affects the quality of health services offered. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the drivers of long-term retention and describes health worker coping mechanisms in rural Uganda. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study explored the factors that motivated health workers to stay, in three rural districts of Uganda: Kamuli, Pallisa, and Kibuku...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836964/evaluation-of-a-peer-delivered-transitional-and-post-discharge-support-program-following-psychiatric-hospitalisation
#13
Justin Newton Scanlan, Nicola Hancock, Anne Honey
BACKGROUND: The time following discharge from psychiatric hospitalisation is a high risk period. Rates of hospital readmission are high and there is increased risk for homelessness and suicide. Transitional and post-discharge support programs have demonstrated positive results in terms of enhanced wellbeing, improved connection with community-based services and, in some cases, reductions in hospital re-admission. This paper reports on the outcomes of a peer-delivered post-discharge support program...
August 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835112/a-framework-to-create-more-mentally-healthy-workplaces-a-viewpoint
#14
Katherine Petrie, Sadhbh Joyce, Leona Tan, Max Henderson, Anya Johnson, Helena Nguyen, Matthew Modini, Markus Groth, Nicholas Glozier, Samuel B Harvey
Mental illness is now the leading cause of long-term sickness absence among Australian workers, with significant costs to the individual, their employers and society more broadly. However, to date, there has been little evidence-informed guidance as to what workplaces should be doing to enhance their employees' mental health and wellbeing. In this article, we present a framework outlining the key strategies employers can implement to create more mentally healthy workplaces. The five key strategies outlined are as follows: (1) designing work to minimise harm, (2) building organisational resilience through good management, (3) enhancing personal resilience, (4) promoting early help-seeking and (5) supporting recovery and return to work...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833303/mortality-in-asbestos-cement-workers-in-pavia-italy-a-cohort-study
#15
Enrico Oddone, Daniela Ferrante, Sara Tunesi, Corrado Magnani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the mortality of a cohort of asbestos-cement workers in the largest plant in the most industrialized Italian region (Lombardy). METHODS: A cohort study was carried out on 1818 subjects, corresponding to 47 536.1 person-years of observation. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were computed for the major causes of death. RESULTS: Increased SMRs were observed for pleural, peritoneal and lung cancers, and for asbestosis (SMR 26...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820350/key-factors-influencing-management-decisions-concerning-safety-equipment-selection
#16
Thanwadee Chinda, Veeris Ammarapala, Suthathip Suanmali
The construction industry involves many hazardous activities that may expose workers to a wide variety of health hazards. Selection of construction safety equipment is crucial in ensuring workers' safety. This paper aims at examining key factors influencing management decisions concerning safety equipment selection, utilizing the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and analytic hierarchy process (AHP) methods. A questionnaire survey is conducted in the construction companies in Bangkok, Thailand. The factor analysis of 103 sets of data extracted six key factors, namely, supplier agreements, supplier support, personal, equipment design, safety-related policies, and cost value factors, with a total of 20 associated items...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799696/identifying-conceptualizations-and-theories-of-change-embedded-in-interventions-to-facilitate-community-participation-for-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Christine Bigby, Sian Anderson, Nadine Cameron
BACKGROUND: Little progress has been made towards community participation of people with intellectual disability despite it being a policy aim since the 1980s. We aimed to identify the features of programmes designed to support community participation. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted of peer-reviewed literature between 2000 and 2015, about interventions to support community participation for adults with intellectual disability. RESULTS: A small body of evidence relates to the design and effectiveness of interventions to enhance community participation...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797866/burnout-after-patient-death-challenges-for-direct-care-workers
#18
Kathrin Boerner, Hayley Gleason, Daniela S Jopp
CONTEXT: Direct care workers in long-term care can develop close relationships with their patients and subsequently experience significant grief after patient death (Boerner et al., 2015). Consequences of this experience for employment outcomes have received little attention. OBJECTIVES: To (1) investigate staff, institutional, patient, and grief factors as predictors of burnout dimensions among direct care workers who had experienced recent patient death, (2) determine which specific aspects of these factors are of particular importance, and (3) establish grief as an independent predictor of burnout dimensions...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793378/the-intersection-of-culture-in-the-provision-of-dementia-care-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Joanne Brooke, Camille Cronin, Marlon Stiell, Omorogieva Ojo
AIM: To understand the intersection of healthcare professionals' and care workers' culture and their provision of person-centred care for people with dementia. BACKGROUND: Due to the nature of global immigration and recruitment strategies, healthcare is provided by a culturally diverse workforce. Consequently, there is a need to understand healthcare professionals' and care workers' cultural values of illness, disease and dementia. Cultural values and beliefs regarding dementia and care of the older person differ, and currently there is a lack of clarity regarding the intersection of culture in the provision of person-centred dementia care...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793335/estimation-of-sickness-absenteeism-among-italian-healthcare-workers-during-seasonal-influenza-epidemics
#20
Maria Michela Gianino, Gianfranco Politano, Antonio Scarmozzino, Lorena Charrier, Marco Testa, Sebastian Giacomelli, Alfredo Benso, Carla Maria Zotti
OBJECTIVES: To analyze absenteeism among healthcare workers (HCWs) at a large Italian hospital and to estimate the increase in absenteeism that occurred during seasonal flu periods. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: The absenteeism data were divided into three "epidemic periods," starting at week 42 of one year and terminating at week 17 of the following year (2010-2011, 2011-2012, 2012-2013), and three "non-epidemic periods," defined as week 18 to week 41 and used as baseline data...
2017: PloS One
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