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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448481/occupational-fatalities-resulting-from-falls-in-the-oil-and-gas-extraction-industry-united-states-2005-2014
#1
Krystal L Mason, Kyla D Retzer, Ryan Hill, Jennifer M Lincoln
During 2003-2013, fatality rates for oil and gas extraction workers decreased for all causes of death except those associated with fall events, which increased 2% annually during 2003-2013 (1). To better understand risk factors for these events, CDC examined fatal fall events in the oil and gas extraction industry during 2005-2014 using data from case investigations conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Sixty-three fatal falls were identified, accounting for 15% of all fatal events...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442175/reframing-continence-care-in-care-dependence
#2
Joan Ostaszkiewicz
International guidelines promote active investigation and treatment of incontinence; however, these guidelines do not fully accommodate the psychosocial aspects associated with providing continence care i.e. the caregiving dynamics. The author developed a new framework that aims to support nurses and care workers in their efforts to identify and meet the continence care needs of individuals with complex health conditions who are dependent on another person for assistance to manage incontinence or to maintain continence...
April 23, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432687/impact-of-caring-for-patients-with-severe-and-complex-disabilities-on-health-care-workers-quality-of-life-determinants-and-specificities
#3
Marie-Christine Rousseau, Karine Baumstarck, Tanguy Leroy, Cherazad Khaldi-Cherif, Catherine Brisse, Laurent Boyer, Noémie Resseguier, Claire Morando, Thierry Billette De Villemeur, Pascal Auquier
AIM: Individuals with severe and complex disabilities, defined by a combination of profound intellectual impairment and serious motor deficit resulting in extreme dependence, often remain in hospital or at residential facilities. The aim of this study was to identify the determinants of quality of life (QoL) of 238 health care workers (HCWs) caring for individuals with severe and complex disabilities. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional study. The recruitment of the HCWs was performed in five French centres specializing in patients with severe and complex disabilities...
April 22, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425120/unravelling-swedish-informal-caregivers-generalised-resistance-deficits
#4
Mia M T Wennerberg, Monica Eriksson, Solveig M Lundgren, Ella Danielson
In salutogenic theory, individual/contextual, immaterial/material characteristics enabling movements towards health are labelled Specific and Generalised Resistance Resources, SRRs/GRRs, and characteristics counteracting such movements Specific and Generalised Resistance Deficits, SRDs/GRDs. The aim of this paper was to present SRDs and GRDs described by caregivers as stemming from themselves and their care recipient. Guided by salutogenic theory, an explorative design was used to collect data through interviews with 32 Swedish informal caregivers...
April 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#5
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407813/adapting-an-adherence-support-workers-intervention-engaging-traditional-healers-as-adherence-partners-for-persons-enrolled-in-hiv-care-and-treatment-in-rural-mozambique
#6
Carolyn M Audet, José Salato, Sten H Vermund, K Rivet Amico
BACKGROUND: Systematic adaptation of evidence-informed interventions that increase retention in care and improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are essential to ending the HIV epidemic in rural sub-Saharan Africa. We selected and adapted an adherence support worker intervention employed in Malawi for use by traditional healers in rural Mozambique. Given the levels of trust and dependence previously expressed by persons living with HIV (PLHIV) for traditional medicine, we adapted the program to engage traditional healers within the allopathic health system...
April 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405582/telehealth-to-expand-community-health-nurse-education-in-rural-guatemala-a-pilot-feasibility-and-acceptability-evaluation
#7
REVIEW
Kelly A McConnell, Lyndsay K Krisher, Maureen Lenssen, Maya Bunik, Saskia Bunge Montes, Gretchen J Domek
Telehealth education has the potential to serve as an important, low-cost method of expanding healthcare worker education and support, especially in rural settings of low- and middle-income countries. We describe an innovative educational strategy to strengthen a long-term health professional capacity building partnership between Guatemalan and US-based partners. In this pilot evaluation, community health nurses in rural Guatemala received customized, interactive education via telehealth from faculty at the supporting US-based institution...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398144/social-workers-experiences-as-the-family-support-person-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-attempts
#8
Janice Firn, Keli DeVries, Dawnielle Morano, Toni Spano-English
During inhospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation attempts, a designated family support person (FSP) may provide guidance and support to family members. Research on nurses and chaplains in this role has been published. Social workers also regularly fulfill this service, however, little is known about how they perceive and enact this role. To explore their experiences, qualitative interviews (n = 10) were conducted with FSP social workers. Critical realist thematic analysis identified five themes: walking in cold, promoting family presence, responding to the whole spectrum of grief, going beyond the family support role, and repercussions of bearing witness...
April 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395535/the-experience-of-attempting-to-return-to-work-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#9
Gillean Hilton, Carolyn Unsworth, Gregory Murphy
PURPOSE: This review sought to answer the question "What are the barriers and facilitators influencing people's experience of return to work following spinal cord injury?" METHODS: Studies that met the selection criteria were identified, presented and critically appraised using National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines. Thematic synthesis was completed with studies possessing strong methodological rigor. Synthesis and interpretation involved three stages; coding of primary data; development of descriptive themes reflective of the primary data; and establishment of analytical themes to answer the review question...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387577/transition-to-work-perspectives-from-the-autism-spectrum
#10
Darren Hedley, Ru Cai, Mirko Uljarevic, Mathilda Wilmot, Jennifer R Spoor, Amanda Richdale, Cheryl Dissanayake
To improve employment outcomes for adults with autism spectrum disorder, it is necessary to identify factors associated with successful transition to work from the perspectives of the individual and from those who work with or support them. This study involved focus groups with adults with autism spectrum disorder ( n = 9) participating in a 3-year employment and training programme, as well as focus groups with family members ( n = 6), support staff ( n = 7) and co-workers ( n = 6). The aim was to gain better understanding of the experience of transition to work, barriers and also the factors that promote workplace success...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371844/diesel-exhaust-exposure-assessment-among-tunnel-construction-workers-correlations-between-nitrogen-dioxide-respirable-elemental-carbon-and-particle-number
#11
Maria Hedmer, Aneta Wierzbicka, Huiqi Li, Maria Albin, Håkan Tinnerberg, Karin Broberg
Objectives: Occupational exposure to diesel exhaust is common due the widespread use of diesel-powered combustion engines. Diesel exhaust is chemically complex and consists of thousands of compounds present as gases and particulate matter. Both nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and elemental carbon (EC) have been used as markers for diesel exhaust exposure. Currently EC is regarded as the best surrogate of diesel exhaust. The objective was to quantify the occupational exposure to diesel exhaust in underground tunnel construction work using a multi-metric approach, and to investigate the correlations between NO2, respirable EC, respirable organic carbon (OC), respirable total carbon (TC), respirable dust (RD), and particle number...
March 29, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367682/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-colocated-homeless-tailored-primary-care-clinic-and-emergency-department
#12
Sonya Gabrielian, Jennifer C Chen, Beena P Minhaj, Rishi Manchanda, Lisa Altman, Ella Koosis, Lillian Gelberg
OBJECTIVES: Homeless adults have low primary care engagement and high emergency department (ED) utilization. Homeless-tailored, patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) decrease this population's acute care use. We studied the feasibility (focused on patient recruitment) and acceptability (conceptualized as clinicians' attitudes/beliefs) of a pilot initiative to colocate a homeless-tailored PCMH with an ED. After ED triage, low-acuity patients appropriate for outpatient care were screened for homelessness; homeless patients chose between a colocated PCMH or ED visit...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364258/dementia-care-management-in-primary-care-current-collaborative-care-models-and-the-case-for-interprofessional-education
#13
Adina Dreier-Wolfgramm, Bernhard Michalowsky, Mary Guerriero Austrom, Marjolein A van der Marck, Steve Iliffe, Catherine Alder, Horst Christian Vollmar, Jochen René Thyrian, Diana Wucherer, Ina Zwingmann, Wolfgang Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Dementia is one of the most prevalent diseases in the older population. Various dementia care models have been developed to address patient's healthcare needs. They can be described as "collaborative care" or "person-centered care". Referring to the needs of the workforce working with persons with dementia, a key element is the use of interprofessional education (IPE). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe different international collaborative care models to define a minimum standard of healthcare professions for collaborative dementia care in primary care...
March 31, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362266/the-prevalence-of-antibiotic-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-carriage-among-industrial-hog-operation-workers-community-residents-and-children-living-in-their-households-north-carolina-usa
#14
Sarah M Hatcher, Sarah M Rhodes, Jill R Stewart, Ellen Silbergeld, Nora Pisanic, Jesper Larsen, Sharon Jiang, Amanda Krosche, Devon Hall, Karen C Carroll, Christopher D Heaney
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic use in industrial hog operations (IHOs) can support the emergence of antibiotic-resistant (ABR) Staphylococcus aureus. The extent of ABR S. aureus exposure in IHO workers and children living in their households remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated ABR S. aureus nasal carriage prevalence among adults with versus without occupational exposure to IHOs and among children living in their households. METHODS: In total, 198 IHO worker-child household pairs and 202 community referent (CR) adult-child household pairs completed a questionnaire and provided a nasal swab which was analyzed for S...
April 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362265/the-gulf-study-a-prospective-study-of-persons-involved-in-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-response-and-clean-up
#15
Richard K Kwok, Lawrence S Engel, Aubrey K Miller, Aaron Blair, Matthew D Curry, W Braxton Jackson, Patricia A Stewart, Mark R Stenzel, Linda S Birnbaum, Dale P Sandler
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster led to the largest ever marine oil spill. Individuals who worked on the spill were exposed to toxicants and stressors that could lead to adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: The GuLF STUDY was designed to investigate relationships between oil spill exposures and multiple potential physical and mental health effects. METHODS: Participants were recruited by telephone from lists of individuals who worked on the oil spill response and clean-up or received safety training...
April 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358841/is-task-shifting-a-solution-to-the-health-workers-shortage-in-northern-ghana
#16
Eunice Okyere, Lillian Mwanri, Paul Ward
OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences and perceptions of health workers and implementers of task-shifting in rural health facilities in Upper East Region, Ghana. METHODS: Data was collected through field interviews. A total of sixty eight (68) in-depth interviews were conducted with health workers' in primary health care facilities (health centres); Four in-depth interviews with key persons involved in staff management was conducted to understand how task-shifting is organised including its strengths and challenges...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358571/psychosocial-working-conditions-among-high-skilled-workers-a-latent-transition-analysis
#17
Aleksandra Bujacz, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Thomas Rigotti, Linda Magnusson Hanson, Petra Lindfors
Theories of psychosocial working conditions assume an interaction of different work environment characteristics. Most studies detail various aspects of such interactions, while fewer investigate the comprehensive patterns of interrelated variables. This exploratory study distinguishes patterns of psychosocial working conditions, describes their characteristics, and investigates their change over 6 years. The working conditions of 1,744 high-skilled workers in Sweden, of a representative sample of the working population, were empirically classified into 4 distinct patterns: (a) the Supporting pattern with a very low workload, very low time pressure, medium learning opportunities, high creativity requirements, and very high autonomy; (b) the Constraining pattern with a very low workload, very low time pressure, low learning opportunities, medium creativity requirements, and very low autonomy; (c) the Demanding pattern with a high workload, high time pressure, medium learning opportunities, high creativity requirements, and very low autonomy; and (d) the Challenging pattern with a high workload, high time pressure, very high learning opportunities, very high creativity requirements, and very high autonomy...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358269/gaps-in-understanding-the-experiences-of-homecare-workers-providing-care-for-people-with-dementia-up-to-the-end-of-life-a-systematic-review
#18
Valerie D'Astous, Ruth Abrams, Tushna Vandrevala, Kritika Samsi, Jill Manthorpe
This systematic review of the literature explores the perspectives and experiences of homecare workers providing care for people with dementia living at home up to the end of life. A search of major English language databases in 2016 identified 378 studies on the topic, of which 12 met the inclusion criteria. No empirical research was identified that specifically addressed the research question. However, synthesis of the findings from the broader literature revealed three overarching themes: value of job role, emotional labour and poor information and communication...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357657/development-and-validation-of-a-health-and-work-survey-based-on-the-rasch-model-among-portuguese-workers
#19
Carla Barros, Liliana Cunha, Pilar Baylina, Alexandra Oliveira, Álvaro Rocha
The purpose of this study was to develop the Health and Work Survey (INSAT) and examine the validity of the discomfort rating scale. Data were collected from 706 Portuguese workers from six economic sectors with the support of the Health and Work Survey (INSAT - Inquérito Saúde e Trabalho). The INSAT is a self-administered questionnaire to assessing working conditions, health and wellbeing, and to provide information to the occupational health systems in the organisations. For the survey instrument validation, the Rasch Partial Credit Model (PCM) was used to analyse item fit statistics...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353007/clarifying-values-and-preferences-for-care-near-the-end-of-life-the-role-of-a-new-lay-workforce
#20
Debra K Litzelman, Thomas S Inui, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Anthony Perkins, Wilma J Griffin, Ann H Cottingham, Steven S Ivy
Community health workers (CHWs) can engage elderly persons in advance care planning (ACP) conversations. We report how trained CHWs used Go Wish cards (GW (R) cards) to identify patients' highest priority preferences and evaluated whether engaging in ACP conversations was associated with subsequent health care utilization. A one-year long, pre-post longitudinal design was used to evaluate our educational intervention using mixed-methods. 392 patients (mean of 73.3 years, 82% women, 48% African American, 43% Caucasian) enrolled in the Aging Brain Care (ABC) program and participated in ACP discussions with CHWs...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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