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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355130/strategies-of-employees-in-the-construction-industry-to-increase-their-sustainable-employability
#1
Susanne C Tonnon, Rozan van der Veen, Anja Th C M de Kruif, Suzan J W Robroek, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Karin I Proper, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: The aging work force makes sustainable employability (SE) of workers a priority. However, it is unknown to what extent employees use implemented SE measures. OBJECTIVE: To determine the utilization of 1) SE measures offered by employers, 2) employee SE strategies, and 3) to identify barriers and facilitators of SE strategies. METHODS: Survey data were collected among 731 blue collar and 879 white collar workers to determine the utilization of employer SE measures...
January 19, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355125/the-experiences-and-perceptions-of-persons-with-disabilities-regarding-work-skills-development-in-sheltered-and-protective-workshops
#2
Mohammed Shaheed Soeker, Jo Celene De Jongh, Amy Diedericks, Kelly Matthys, Nicole Swart, Petra van der Pol
BACKGROUND: Protective workshops and sheltered employment settings have been instrumental in developing the work skills of people with disabilities, however there has been a void in the literature about its influence on the ability of individuals to find employment in the open labor market. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to explore the experiences and perceptions of people with disabilities about the development of their work skills for transitioning into the open labor market...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334324/the-rite-of-passage-of-becoming-a-humanitarian-health-worker-experiences-of-retention-in-sweden
#3
Sara Albuquerque, Anneli Eriksson, Helle M Alvesson
BACKGROUND: Low retention of humanitarian workers poses constraints on humanitarian organisations' capacity to respond effectively to disasters. Research has focused on reasons for humanitarian workers leaving the sector, but little is known about the factors that can elucidate long-term commitment. OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates and supports experienced humanitarian health workers to remain in the sector. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 experienced nurses who had been on at least three field missions with Médecins Sans Frontières Sweden...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322572/burnout-among-direct-care-workers-in-nursing-homes-influences-of-organizational-work-place-interpersonal-and-personal-characteristics
#4
Dale E Yeatts, Gul Seckin, Yuying Shen, Michael Thompson, Dana Auden, Cynthia M Cready
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The many negative effects of burnout have prompted researchers to better understand the factors contributing to it. The purpose of this paper is to add to this body of knowledge through the study of burnout among direct care workers (DCWs) in nursing homes (NH). BACKGROUND: Perhaps the factor most often associated with employee burnout is the level of staffing-insufficient staffing results in work overload and eventually employee burnout. A closer look at research findings suggest that there are many other factors also contributing to burnout...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316000/perspectives-of-rural-health-and-human-service-practitioners-following-suicide-prevention-training-programme-in-australia-a-thematic-analysis
#5
Martin Jones, Monika Ferguson, Sandra Walsh, Lee Martinez, Michael Marsh, Kathryn Cronin, Nicolas Procter
There are well-established training programmes available to support health and human services professionals working with people vulnerable to suicide. However, little is known about involving people with lived experience in the delivery of suicide prevention training with communities with increased rates of suicide. The aim of this paper was to report on a formative dialogical evaluation that explored the views of health and human services workers with regard to a suicide prevention training programme in regional (including rural and remote areas) South Australia which included meaningful involvement of a person with lived experience in the development and delivery of the training...
January 8, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315455/home-versus-in-patient-treatment-for-deep-vein-thrombosis
#6
REVIEW
Richard Othieno, Emmanuel Okpo, Rachel Forster
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow through a vein, which can occur after surgery, after trauma, or when a person has been immobile for a long time. Clots can dislodge and block blood flow to the lungs (pulmonary embolism (PE)), causing death. DVT and PE are known by the term venous thromboembolism (VTE). Heparin (in the form of unfractionated heparin (UFH)) is a blood-thinning drug used during the first three to five days of DVT treatment...
January 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304869/improving-local-health-through-community-health-workers-in-cambodia-challenges-and-solutions
#7
Kim Ozano, Padam Simkhada, Khem Thann, Rose Khatri
BACKGROUND: Volunteer community health workers (CHWs) are an important link between the public health system and the community. The 'Community Participation Policy for Health' in Cambodia identifies CHWs as key to local health promotion and as a critical link between district health centres and the community. However, research on the challenges CHWs face and identifying what is required to optimise their performance is limited in the Cambodian context. This research explores the views of CHWs in rural Cambodia, on the challenges they face when implementing health initiatives...
January 6, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297446/the-second-sputum-sample-complicates-tuberculosis-diagnosis-for-women-a-qualitative-study-from-malawi
#8
M Kumwenda, B-T Nyang'wa, B Chikuse, T Biseck, S Maosa, A Chilembwe, A Dimba, J Mpunga, C Shaw, M Brouwer
SETTING: District hospital and peripheral health care facilities in Balaka District, Malawi. OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers encountered by women in submitting a second sputum sample. DESIGN: Focus-group discussions and semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Women encounter barriers at several levels: personal, cultural, socio-economic and health care system. Personal, cultural and socio-economic barriers include the fear of a tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis, the perception and condition of the patient, the distance and cost of travel to a health care facility, the subordinate position of women in household decision-making and the social support that women receive...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284551/family-care-conferences-in-long-term-care-exploring-content-and-processes-in-end-of-life-communication
#9
Pamela Durepos, Sharon Kaasalainen, Tamara Sussman, Deborah Parker, Kevin Brazil, Susan Mintzberg, Alyssa Te
OBJECTIVE: End-of-life (EoL) communication in long-term care (LTC) homes is often inadequate and delayed, leaving residents dying with unknown preferences or goals of care. Poor communication with staff contributes to families feeling unprepared, distressed, and dissatisfied with care. Family care conferences (FCCs) aim to increase structured systematic communication around goals and plans for the end of life. As part of the Strengthening a Palliative Approach to Care (SPA-LTC) project, FCCs were implemented in four LTC sites in Ontario, Canada...
December 29, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283698/transitions-to-home-mechanical-ventilation-the-experiences-of-canadian-ventilator-assisted-adults-and-their-family-caregivers
#10
Craig M Dale, Judy King, Mika Nonoyama, Sarah Carbone, Douglas McKim, Jeremy Road, Louise Rose
RATIONALE: Several studies have explored the experience of ventilator-assisted individual (VAIs) living at home with family caregivers. However, few explore the experiences of these individuals as they transition from a hospital setting to living at home with a view to identifying modifiable processes that could optimize transition. OBJECTIVE: This descriptive, qualitative study sought to elucidate barriers to, and facilitators of, transition to home mechanical ventilation (HMV) from the perspective of Canadian VAIs and their family caregivers...
December 28, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281318/job-satisfaction-of-people-with-intellectual-disability-associations-with-job-characteristics-and-personality
#11
Alma Akkerman, Sabina Kef, Herman P Meininger
To obtain an understanding of factors associated with job satisfaction of people with intellectual disability (ID), this study investigates the associations of job satisfaction with job characteristics (i.e., job demands, job resources) and personality, using the job demands-resources model. Data were gathered from 117 people and their employment support workers, using structured questionnaires adapted from well-established instruments. Job resources and age were positively associated with job satisfaction...
January 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276629/should-workers-avoid-consumption-of-chilled-fluids-in-a-hot-and-humid-climate
#12
REVIEW
Matt B Brearley
Despite provision of drinking water as the most common method of occupational heat stress prevention, there remains confusion in hydration messaging to workers. During work site interactions in a hot and humid climate, workers commonly report being informed to consume tepid fluids to accelerate rehydration. When questioned on the evidence supporting such advice, workers typically cite that fluid absorption is delayed by ingestion of chilled beverages. Presumably, delayed absorption would be a product of fluid delivery from the gut to the intestines, otherwise known as gastric emptying...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274225/personal-support-workers-in-canada-the-new-precariat
#13
Katherine Zagrodney, Mike Saks
There has been much recent discussion internationally about the emergence in modern society of a new class of workers - the precariat - with a common consciousness based on features such as low wages, insecurity, short-term jobs, minority status and restricted rights. This paper critically explores the extent to which the growing, large-scale group of personal support workers (PSWs) can be viewed as part of a new precariat in terms of their position in the healthcare labour market. Drawing on currently available empirical data, this issue is examined particularly with reference to PSWs in Canada - drawing out some of the implications for government health policy in this sphere...
November 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261452/attitudes-towards-mental-health-and-the-integration-of-mental-health-services-into-primary-health-care-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-health-care-workers-in-lvea-em-district-cambodia
#14
Maria Alfredsson, Miguel San Sebastian, Bhoomikumar Jeghannathan
BACKGROUND: Cambodia is a country where the resources for treating mental health disorders are far from sufficient. One strategy to narrow the treatment gap is to integrate mental health into primary health care (PHC). Understanding the knowledge and attitudes towards mental health integration that health-care workers have is important for assessing the challenges and opportunities when planning a potential integration project. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess these basic conditions in Lvea Em District, Cambodia...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258519/ethical-challenges-experienced-by-uk-military-medical-personnel-deployed-to-sierra-leone-operation-gritrock-during-the-2014-2015-ebola-outbreak-a-qualitative-study
#15
Heather Draper, Simon Jenkins
BACKGROUND: As part of its response to the 2014 Ebola outbreak in west Africa, the United Kingdom (UK) government established an Ebola treatment unit in Sierra Leone, staffed by military personnel. Little is known about the ethical challenges experienced by military medical staff on humanitarian deployment. We designed a qualitative study to explore this further with those who worked in the treatment unit. METHOD: Semi-structured, face-to-face and telephone interviews were conducted with 20 UK military personnel deployed between October 2014 and April 2015 in one of three roles in the Ebola treatment unit: clinician; nursing and nursing assistant; and other medical support work, including infection control and laboratory and mortuary services...
December 19, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243016/health-status-and-experience-of-the-migrant-workers-returned-from-spain-to-colombia-a-qualitative-approach
#16
Carolina Zapata-Villa, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Doris Cardona-Arango, Elena Ronda-Pérez
This study aims to understand the migratory experience and the employment, work and health conditions of the returned migrants from Spain to Colombia. A qualitative study was conducted by means of 23 semi-structured interviews with Colombian returned migrant workers. Qualitative narrative content analysis was performed using Atlas.Ti software. Main findings are represented by nine categories emerged from the participants' discourses: (1) impact of the economic crisis on work and employment conditions in Spain, (2) economic crisis and return, (3) characteristics of returnees, (4) perception of the returnees about Colombia, (5) the role of social support networks, (6) employment and working conditions in Colombia, (7) health and wellbeing, (8) future plans and expectations, (9) the experience of being immigrant...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242996/personalized%C3%A2-health-monitoring%C3%A2-system-for-managing-well-being-in-rural-areas
#17
Prema Nedungadi, Akshay Jayakumar, Raghu Raman
Rural India lacks easy access to health practitioners and medical centers, depending instead on community health workers. In these areas, common ailments that are easy to manage with medicines, often lead to medical escalations and even fatalities due to lack of awareness and delayed diagnosis. The introduction of wearable health devices has made it easier to monitor health conditions and to connect doctors and patients in urban areas. However, existing initiatives have not succeeded in providing adequate health monitoring to rural and low-literate patients, as current methods are expensive, require consistent connectivity and expect literate users...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239644/the-effects-of-team-reflexivity-on-psychological-well-being-in-manufacturing-teams
#18
Jingqiu Chen, Peter A Bamberger, Yifan Song, Dana R Vashdi
While the impact of team reflexivity (a.k.a. after-event-reviews, team debriefs) on team performance has been widely examined, we know little about its implications on other team outcomes such as member well-being. Drawing from prior team reflexivity research, we propose that reflexivity-related team processes reduce demands, and enhance control and support. Given the centrality of these factors to work-based strain, we posit that team reflexivity, by affecting these factors, may have beneficial implications on 3 core dimensions of employee burnout, namely exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy (reduced personal accomplishment)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235234/-holding-on-to-life-an-ethnographic-study-of-living-well-at-home-in-old-age
#19
Kristin Bjornsdottir
In recent years, much attention has been paid to how older people living at home can remain independent and manage their illness themselves, while less attention has been given to those who have become frail and need assistance with challenges of everyday life. In this article, I drew on Latimer's formulation of care for frail older people as relational and world-making and on Foucault's work related to the care of the self in developing an understanding of how frail older persons manage to live well at home in the final years of their lives...
December 13, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229589/the-effect-of-group-support-psychotherapy-delivered-by-trained-lay-health-workers-for-depression-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-in-uganda-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#20
Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Seggane Musisi, Kizito Wamala, James Okello, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Ramin Mojtabai, Jean Nachega, Ofir Harari, Edward Mills
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the effectiveness of task shifting of mental health services in populations with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of group support psychotherapy delivered by trained lay health workers to persons living with HIV (PLWH) with depression in primary care. METHODS: Thirty eligible primary care health centers across three districts were randomly allocated to have their lay health workers trained to deliver group support psychotherapy (intervention arm) or group HIV education and treatment as usual (control arm) to PLWH with depression...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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