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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166195/the-experience-of-young-women-living-in-a-prostitution-area-in-maintaining-their-reproductive-health
#1
Vonyca Dovis, Setyowati, Wiwit Kurniawati
Young women face a difficult situation when they live in a prostitution area or red light district. A phenomenological approach was applied to explore the experiences in maintaining reproductive health of 10 young women living in the prostitution area in Lampung, one of the provinces in Sumatra. Thematic content analysis found 7 themes including: (1) The participants' perception of prostitution as a place of naughty women and free sexual activity that can transmit STDs and influence adolescent psychology; (2) The ways the participants kept their reproductive organs healthy were through maintaining friendships, maintaining personal hygiene, avoiding free sexual activity, eating healthy food, and having routine medical checkups; (3) Information support was gained from family, health workers, media, and teachers; (4) Emotional support from family and friends; (5) Barriers to maintaining good health were inaccessible health facilities and an underfunded health service; (6) The needs of the participants were reproductive health services and clean environment; (7) The participants hoped for health education and intensive health services with friendly nurses...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165782/rescue-workers-and-trauma-assessing-interaction-among-risk-factors-after-a-firework-factory-explosion
#2
Eugenia Romano, Ask Elklit
INTRODUCTION: This study investigates which factors had the biggest impact on developing distress in rescue workers who were involved in a firework factory explosion. METHOD: Four hundred sixty-five rescuers were assessed using items investigating demographic factors, organizational variables, social support, personality variables, and distress symptoms. Correlation and regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Our final model provided 70 percent of the predictive model for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165171/psychosocial-factors-and-colleagues-perceptions-of-return-to-work-opportunities-for-workers-with-a-psychiatric-disorder-a-japanese-population-based-study
#3
Hisashi Eguchi, Koji Wada, Yoshiyuki Higuchi, Derek R Smith
BACKGROUND: This study examined associations between psychosocial factors and the perception that adequate employment opportunities might not be provided for people with limited work capacity due to psychiatric disorders. METHODS: We conducted an online, cross-sectional survey of 3,710 employed individuals aged 20 to 69 years in Japan. Our survey included the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire and investigated participants' perception of opportunities in their workplace for individuals with a psychiatric disorder returning to work (colleagues' negative perception) and psychosocial factors (job demand, job control, and workplace social support)...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164987/quality-of-life-for-late-life-patients-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-whole-person-approach-for-patients-with-chronic-illnesses
#4
Tetyana Shippee, Nathan Shippee, Karl Fernstrom, Patrick Mobley, Monica Frazer, Judy Jou, Heather Britt
Quality of life (QOL) for patients with serious illness in late life is important for patients and policy makers and has implications for improved care delivery. This mixed-methods evaluation examined the effectiveness of a new whole-person approach to late life care-the LifeCourse-which provides patients with ongoing, across-setting assistance from lay health care workers, supported by a clinical team. We investigated whether participation in LifeCourse improves QOL for intervention patients, compared with usual care controls...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163282/from-querulous-to-suicidal-self-immolation-in-public-places-as-a-symbolic-response-to-the-feeling-of-injustice
#5
Benjamin T Lévy, Cécile Prudent, Florian Liétard, Renaud Evrard
Aim: This paper sheds light on the context that leads some querulous patients to self-immolate in front of, or into, public buildings (e.g., tribunals, city halls, and employment agencies). Method: The author defines paranoid querulousness. A psychoanalytic perspective, but also a judicial and a psychiatric point of view, over querulous claimants is presented. The links between political or social claims and self-immolation are studied. The expression of suicidal thoughts voiced by four querulous subjects is analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162119/improving-health-worker-performance-of-abortion-services-an-assessment-of-post-training-support-to-providers-in-india-nepal-and-nigeria
#6
Janie Benson, Joan Healy, Sally Dijkerman, Kathryn Andersen
BACKGROUND: Health worker performance has been the focus of numerous interventions and evaluation studies in low- and middle-income countries. Few have examined changes in individual provider performance with an intervention encompassing post-training support contacts to improve their clinical practice and resolve programmatic problems. This paper reports the results of an intervention with 3471 abortion providers in India, Nepal and Nigeria. METHODS: Following abortion care training, providers received in-person visits and virtual contacts by a clinical and programmatic support team for a 12-month period, designed to address their individual practice issues...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161681/revisiting-task-orientated-care-oral-histories-of-former-student-nurses-in-ireland-1960-2001
#7
Anne Fallon, Toni Uí Chiardha, Teresa Meaney, Deirdre van der Putten, Miriam Brennan, Jackie Uí Chionna, Stephen Bradley, Miriam McNicholas, Siobhan Smyth
The apprenticeship model of nurse training was in place in Ireland up to the end of the twentieth century. Task orientated care was a feature of this model. It is important to examine task allocation from the student's perspective, in light of current and on-going debates regarding student nurses' supernumerary status. Both approaches influence the status of the student; as a worker with task allocation and as a learner with supernumerary status. Oral history interviews were undertaken with twelve former student nurses (1960-2001) to explore their experiences of clinical learning and task allocation...
November 8, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161219/a-case-study-perspective-the-experiences-of-young-persons-testifying-to-child-sexual-exploitation-in-british-criminal-court
#8
Elizabeth Ahern, Marlene Kowalski, Michael E Lamb
Three young persons who gave evidence about child sexual exploitation in criminal court using various testimonial supports were interviewed about their testimony experiences. The witnesses reported that they felt extreme pressure to remember events accurately and cared greatly about being believed. None reported their own coping strategies to alleviate stress and took comfort breaks only after they cried on the stand. Defense attorney questions were reportedly repetitive, rapid, confusing, and focused on secondary content rather than the central criminal acts...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155416/eye-lens-dose-monitoring-in-the-uk-nuclear-industry-using-active-personal-dosemeters
#9
Andrew Forrest McWhan, Wioletta Dobrzynska
The reduction of the dose limit for eye lens from 150 to 20 mSv year-1 must be implemented by EU member states by February 2018. Consequently, there is a requirement for all employers engaged with work with ionising radiation to have appropriate monitoring arrangements in place by this date to demonstrate that they can meet this new limit for all workers. Eye lens dose is conventionally monitored by specific dosemeters worn near the eye. However, it is usually impractical for these dosemeters to be worn at all times in the workplace which can lead to problems accounting for any periods of work when an eye lens dosemeter has not been worn...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151557/-development-of-the-transition-shock-scale-for-newly-graduated-nurses
#10
Eun Young Kim, Jung Hee Yeo, Kyeong Im Yi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a scale to assess the transition shock experienced by newly graduated nurses, and test the validity and reliability of the scale. METHODS: The initial items were identified through a review of literature and in-depth interviews with nine newly graduated nurses. Content validation of the items was evaluated by five nurse professors and three nurses. Participants were 269 newly graduated nurses who worked at six acute care hospitals in Busan, Ulsan, and Yangsan, South Korea...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149313/how-do-health-workers-experience-and-cope-with-shocks-learning-from-four-fragile-and-conflict-affected-health-systems-in-uganda-sierra-leone-zimbabwe-and-cambodia
#11
Sophie Witter, Haja Wurie, Pamela Chandiwana, Justine Namakula, Sovannarith So, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Freddie Ssengooba, Joanna Raven
This article is grounded in a research programme which set out to understand how to rebuild health systems post-conflict. Four countries were studied-Uganda, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe and Cambodia-which were at different distances from conflict and crisis, as well as having unique conflict stories. During the research process, the Ebola epidemic broke out in West Africa. Zimbabwe has continued to face a profound economic crisis. Within our research on health worker incentives, we captured insights from 128 life histories and in-depth interviews with a variety of staff that had remained in service...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148566/factors-that-influence-the-provision-of-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#12
REVIEW
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142531/factors-associated-with-implementation-of-the-5a-s-smoking-cessation-model
#13
C Martínez, Y Castellano, A Andrés, M Fu, L Antón, M Ballbè, P Fernández, S Cabrera, A Riccobene, E Gavilan, A Feliu, A Baena, M Margalef, E Fernández
Background: Several health organizations have adopted the 5A's brief intervention model (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange), based on evidence-based guidelines for smoking cessation. We examine individual, cognitive, behavioral, and organizational factors associated with the 5A's performance among clinical healthcare workers in Catalonia. We also investigate how these factors interact and potentially predict the implementation of each component of the 5A's. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among clinical health workers enrolled in an online smoking cessation training course (n = 580)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137586/burnout-and-the-learning-environment-of-anaesthetic-trainees
#14
D J Castanelli, S A Wickramaarachchi, S Wallis
Burnout has a high prevalence among healthcare workers and is increasingly recognised as an environmental problem rather than reflecting a personal inability to cope with work stress. We distributed an electronic survey, which included the Maslach Burnout Inventory Health Services Survey and a previously validated learning environment instrument, to 281 Victorian anaesthetic trainees. The response rate was 50%. We found significantly raised rates of burnout in two of three subscales. Ninety-one respondents (67%) displayed evidence of burnout in at least one domain, with 67 (49%) reporting high emotional exhaustion and 57 (42%) reporting high depersonalisation...
November 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132498/perspectives-from-practice-complexities-of-personal-care-workers
#15
Julie-Anne Martyn, Sally Zanella, Adele Wilkinson
Personal care workers (PCWs) make up the bulk of the workforce in residential and community care services. The knowledge and skill set needed for safe and effective practice in care settings is extensive. A diverse range of registered training organisations (RTOs) offering Certificate III and IV in Individual Support (aging, home and community) are tasked with producing job-ready PCWs. However, the curricula of these programs vary. Additionally, a national code of conduct for healthcare workers became effective in October 2015 as a governance framework for PCWs...
November 14, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132222/abandoned-to-the-strains-of-daily-life-a-qualitative-study-of-the-long-term-experiences-in-partners-to-persons-after-a-mild-to-moderate-stroke
#16
Charlotte Ytterberg, Lena von Koch, Anette Erikson
PURPOSE: To describe the experiences of everyday life over 6 years after stroke, from the perspectives of partners to persons after stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi structured individual interviews were conducted with seven partners to persons who had had stroke. The interviews were recorded and then transcribed verbatim. The participants comprised two men and five women aged 60-82 years. The data were collected and analysed using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: One core category Living in strained everyday circumstances and three categories Feelings of anxiety, Living a demanding day to day life, and Adjusting to a changed role emerged from the analysis...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122001/development-of-a-peer-supported-self-management-intervention-for-people-following-mental-health-crisis
#17
Alyssa Milton, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Kate Fullarton, Nicola Morant, Bethan Paterson, David Hindle, Kathleen Kelly, Oliver Mason, Marissa Lambert, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: A documented gap in support exists for service users following discharge from acute mental health services, and structured interventions to reduce relapse are rarely provided. Peer-facilitated self-management interventions have potential to meet this need, but evidence for their effectiveness is limited. This paper describes the development of a peer-provided self-management intervention for mental health service users following discharge from crisis resolution teams (CRTs)...
November 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119635/the-evolving-role-of-the-personal-support-worker-in-home-care-in-ontario-canada
#18
Margaret Saari, Erin Patterson, Shawna Kelly, Ann E Tourangeau
To meet increasing demand for home care, the role of personal support workers (PSWs) is shifting from providing primarily personal and supportive care to include care activities previously provided by regulated health professionals (RHPs). Much of the research examining this shift focuses on specialty programmes, with few studies investigating the daily care being provided by PSWs, frequency of care activities being provided by PSWs, and characteristics of the population receiving more complex tasks. Between January and April 2015, a review of 517 home-care service user charts was undertaken in Ontario, Canada, to: (1) describe the range of tasks being performed by PSWs in home care, (2) identify tasks transferred by RHPs to PSWs, and (3) examine characteristics of service users receiving transferred care...
November 8, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118293/-structure-and-characteristics-of-technical-support-that-psychiatric-social-workers-of-prefectural-governments-provide-for-municipalities
#19
Takashi Okada
Objectives The support to municipalities by prefectural governments has become necessary in the fields of mental health and welfare. Therefore, psychiatric social workers (PSW) ordered from the prefectural governor has been providing technical support (TS) that promote community activities of the municipality and improve staff support for persons with mental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to identify empirical structure and characteristics of TS that PSW provide for municipality staff.Method Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven certified PSW randomly selected from the membership list of the National Psychiatric Social Worker Organization...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110639/a-comparison-of-licensed-and-un-licensed-artisanal-and-small-scale-gold-miners-asgm-in-terms-of-socio-demographics-work-profiles-and-injury-rates
#20
Benedict N L Calys-Tagoe, Edith Clarke, Thomas Robins, Niladri Basu
BACKGROUND: Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) represents one of the most hazardous work environments. While formalization of this sector has been suggested (e.g., Minamata Convention) as a means to improve working conditions, we are unaware of empirical evidence that supports this notion. This study aimed to compare sociodemographic profiles, work profiles, and injury rates among miners working in licensed versus un-licensed ASGM sites. METHODS: In the Tarkwa mining region of Ghana, 404 small-scale miners were recruited in 2014 and interviewed regarding their occupational injury experiences over the preceding 10 years...
November 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
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