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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771209/caring-for-the-healthcare-professional
#1
Keith Adamson, Nancy Searl, Sonia Sengsavang, John Yardley, Mark George, Peter Rumney, Judy Hunter, Sakeena Myers-Halbig
Purpose Hospitals must systematically support employees in innovative ways to uphold a culture of care that strengthens the system. At a leading Canadian academic pediatric rehabilitation hospital, over 90 percent of clinicians viewed Schwartz Rounds™ (SR) as a hospital priority, resulting in its formal implementation as a quality improvement initiative. The purpose of this paper is to describe how the hospital implemented SR to support the socio-emotional impact of providing care. Design/methodology/approach This quantitative descriptive study provides a snapshot of the impact of each SR through online surveys at four assessment points (SR1-SR4)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771189/-i-m-just-trying-to-cope-for-both-of-us-challenges-and-supports-of-family-caregivers-in-participant-directed-programs
#2
Aimee Milliken, Ellen K Mahoney, Kevin J Mahoney, Kate Mignosa, Isabella Rodriguez, Catherine Cuchetti, Megumi Inoue
Recently, national attention has focused on the needs of family caregivers providing complex chronic care, noting the necessity to better understand the scope of challenges they encounter. Although a robust body of literature exists about the scope of family caregiving, little is known specifically about the experiences and perspectives of family caregivers who support participant directed (PD) participants, particularly across the caregiving trajectory. Therefore, the aim of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe what family caregivers of individuals with developmental disabilities, physical disabilities, aging, or chronic health conditions identify as the challenges they experience as complex, and their perceptions of the effectiveness and gaps in family support resources in PD...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769071/informal-workers-access-to-health-care-services-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-in-the-kassena-nankana-districts-of-northern-ghana
#3
James Akazili, Samuel Chatio, John Ele-Ojo Ataguba, Isaiah Agorinya, Edmund Wedam Kanmiki, Osman Sankoh, Abraham Oduro
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, employment in the informal sector has grown rapidly in all regions including low and middle-income countries. In the developing countries, between 50 and 75% of workers are employed in the informal sector. In Ghana, more than 80% of the total working population is working in the informal sector. They are largely self-employed persons such as farmers, traders, food processors, artisans, craft-workers among others. The persistent problem in advancing efforts to address health vulnerabilities of informal workers is lack of systematic data...
May 16, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766527/exploring-workplace-tb-interventions-with-foreign-born-latino-workers
#4
Donald E Eggerth, Brenna M Keller, Michael A Flynn
BACKGROUND: Persons born outside the United States are more likely to be diagnosed with tuberculosis disease (TB) than native-born individuals. Foreign-born Latinos at risk of TB may be difficult to reach with public health interventions due to cultural and institutional barriers. Workplaces employing large concentrations of foreign-born Latinos may be useful locations for TB interventions targeting this high-risk population. METHOD: This study used a two-phase approach to investigate the feasibility of workplace TB interventions...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764278/eating-well-living-well-and-weight-management-a-co-produced-semi-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-experienced-by-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#5
A J Doherty, S P Jones, U Chauhan, Jme Gibson
Adults with intellectual disabilities in England experience health inequalities. They are more likely than their non-disabled peers to be obese and at risk of serious medical conditions such as heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. This semi-qualitative study engaged adults with intellectual disabilities in a co-production process to explore their perceived barriers and facilitators to eating well, living well and weight management. Nineteen participants with intellectual disabilities took part in four focus groups and one wider group discussion...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759098/psychological-flexibility-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationships-between-job-demands-and-resources-and-occupational-well-being
#6
Vladimir Pinto Novaes, Maria Cristina Ferreira, Felipe Valentini
The aim of this study was to identify the relations of job demands (work overload) and job resources (social support and autonomy) with subjective job well-being (job satisfaction, positive affects, negative affects), as well as the moderating role of personal resources (psychological flexibility at work) in such relationships. The sample consisted of 4,867 Brazilian workers, of both sexes, with ages ranging from 18 to 67 years. Structural equation modelling showed that the work overload was negatively associated with job satisfaction (β = -...
May 15, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753313/experiences-of-user-involvement-in-mental-health-settings-user-motivations-and-benefits
#7
Sophie G B Neech, Helen Scott, Helena M Priest, Eleanor J Bradley, Alison E Tweed
INTRODUCTION: Despite guidance promoting user involvement, meaningful involvement continues to be debated within services. To effectively implement involvement, it is important to acknowledge why users devote time to such activities. AIM: This study explores user representatives' experiences of involvement, including motivations and personal benefits. METHOD: Thirteen user representatives involved in activities such as staff training and interviews were recruited from a UK National Health Service mental health Trust during 2015...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750551/where-are-they-now-assessing-if-persons-returned-to-hiv-care-following-loss-to-follow-up-by-public-health-case-workers-were-engaged-in-care-in-follow-up-years
#8
Chi-Chi N Udeagu, Sharmila Shah, Kavita Misra, Kent A Sepkowitz, Sarah L Braunstein
We examined care engagement and viral suppression (VS) over a 1- to 5-year period among persons re-engaged in HIV care using retrospective cohort study and longitudinal follow-up. The population comprised five cohorts of persons re-engaged in care from 2009 to 2013. We used surveillance data [CD4 T cell count or HIV viral load (VL) RNA] to measure four outcomes 1-5 years post-care engagement. Engagement-in-care indicated persons with laboratory reports in each follow-up year. Continuous engagement or sustained engagement, respectively, included persons with ≥1 or ≥2 (separated by 90 days) CD4 or VL reports in each follow-up year...
May 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749973/difficult-people-who-is-perceived-to-be-demanding-in-personal-networks-and-why-are-they-there
#9
Shira Offer, Claude S Fischer
Why do people maintain ties with individuals whom they find difficult? Standard network theories imply that such alters are avoided or dropped. Drawing on a survey of over 1,100 diverse respondents who described over 12,000 relationships, we examined which among those ties respondents nominated as a person whom they "sometimes find demanding or difficult." Those so listed composed about 15 percent of all alters in the network. After holding ego and alter traits constant, close kin, especially women relatives and aging parents, were especially likely to be named as difficult alters...
February 2018: American Sociological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739433/-because-if-we-talk-about-health-issues-first-it-is-easier-to-talk-about-human-trafficking-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-health-needs-and-service-provision-among-migrant-and-trafficked-fishermen-in-the-mekong
#10
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737244/the-development-of-specialized-palliative-care-in-the-community-a-qualitative-study-of-the-evolution-of-15-teams
#11
Hsien Seow, Daryl Bainbridge
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional specialized palliative care teams at home improve patient outcomes, reduce healthcare costs, and support many patients to die at home. However, practical details about how to develop home-based teams in different regions and health systems are scarce. AIM: To examine how a variety of home-based specialized palliative care teams created and grew their team over time and to identify critical steps in their evolution. DESIGN: A qualitative study was designed based on a grounded theory approach, using semi-structured interviews and other documentation...
May 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731523/interpersonal-attraction-in-dyads-and-groups-effects-of-the-hearts-of-the-beholder-and-the-beheld
#12
Thomas E Malloy
Dyadic interpersonal attraction (IA) was studied within groups of very highly acquainted family members, friends and co-workers. IA was determined by the perceiver (i.e., the heart of the beholder), the target (i.e., the heart of the beheld), and in specific dyads, by the unique combination of the two. The consistency of one's attraction to others and others' attraction to the person across groups were addressed using the key person design . Attraction to a person in one group was independent of attraction to that person in another, although people predicted that members of different groups were similarly attracted to them...
April 2018: European Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728097/understanding-the-ups-and-downs-of-living-well-the-voices-of-people-experiencing-early-mental-health-recovery
#13
Nicola Hancock, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Glenda Jessup, Sarah Wayland, Allison Kokany
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to better understand early-stage mental health recovery experiences of people living with severe and persistent mental illness and complex needs. METHODS: Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 13 people engaged in an Australian program specifically designed for people facing complex barriers to their recovery. Interview data were analysed thematically using constant comparative methods. RESULTS: Participants described engaging with seven interconnecting aspects of early recovery: (1) engaging with the challenge of recovery; (2) struggling for a secure and stable footing; (3) grieving for what was and what could have been; (4) seeking and finding hope; (5) navigating complex relationships; (6) connecting with formal and informal support, and finally, (7) juggling a complexity of health issues...
May 4, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720276/ethics-challenges-and-guidance-related-to-research-involving-adolescent-post-abortion-care-a-scoping-review
#14
REVIEW
Joseph M Zulu, Joseph Ali, Kristina Hallez, Nancy Kass, Charles Michelo, Adnan A Hyder
INTRODUCTION: An increase in post abortion care (PAC) research with adolescents, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, has brought to attention several associated research ethics challenges. In order to better understand the ethics context of PAC research with adolescents, we conducted a scoping review of published literature. METHODS: Following a systematic search of PubMed, HINARI, and Google Scholar, we analysed articles meeting inclusion criteria to determine common themes across both the ethical challenges related to PAC research with adolescents and any available guidance on the identified challenges...
May 2, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719979/effect-sizes-and-cut-off-points-a-meta-analytical-review-of-burnout-in-latin-american-countries
#15
Jose García-Arroyo, Amparo Osca Segovia
Burnout is a highly prevalent globalized health issue that causes significant physical and psychological health problems. In Latin America research on this topic has increased in recent years, however there are no studies comparing results across countries, nor normative reference cut-offs. The present meta-analysis examines the intensity of burnout (emotional exhaustion, cynicism and personal accomplishment) in 58 adult nonclinical samples from 8 countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela)...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719305/the-malversations-of-authorship-current-status-in-academic-community-and-how-to-prevent-it
#16
Izet Masic
Aim: Aim of article was to evaluate knowledge and practice of authorship issues among the academic population in the medical field. Material and methods: Article has an analytical character and includes 69 academic workers (from the medical field, with the status of a regular employee of the Faculty of Medicine or a professional associate) who responded to the survey. Results: Within the total number of respondents in the study, 34.8% of them were added as coauthors, although they did not have any input in the writing process...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700668/work-engagement-burnout-and-personal-accomplishments-among-social-workers-a-comparison-between-those-working-in-children-and-adults-services-in-england
#17
Shereen Hussein
Social workers (SWs) provide emotional and practical support to vulnerable service users who are likely to suffer from emotional trauma and mental health conditions. Stress and burnout levels are reported to be high among SWs, however, little is known about their relationships with different characteristics. The current article utilises unique and large dataset (n = 3786) on SWs working in adults and children's services to examine factors associated with burnout. Employing job-demand/resources model and structural equations modelling, we highlight the varying significant impact of work-engagement, administrative support and work experience as moderating factors to burnout across adult and children service specialism in this sample...
April 26, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689175/older-manufacturing-workers-and-adaptation-to-age-related-changes
#18
Martha J Sanders
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the age-related changes, adaptations, and contexts that support older workers in the manufacturing sector. METHOD: In a multiple-case study, 10 older workers from two manufacturing companies completed the Job Content Questionnaire, Health and Productivity Questionnaire, and semistructured interviews and underwent task observations for 8 hr over 4 mo. RESULTS: Age-related changes affecting job tasks included near vision, upper extremity strength, grip strength, joint stiffness, and endurance...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689054/community-health-worker-interventions-to-promote-psychosocial-outcomes-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#19
Hae-Ra Han, Kyounghae Kim, Jeanne Murphy, Joycelyn Cudjoe, Patty Wilson, Phyllis Sharps, Jason E Farley
BACKGROUND: Community health worker (CHW) interventions are a successful strategy to promote health among HIV-negative and persons living with HIV (PLWH). Psychosocial factors are critical dimensions of HIV/AIDS care contributing to prognosis of the disease, yet it is unclear how CHW interventions improve psychosocial outcomes in PLWH. The purpose of this study was to critically appraise the types, scope, and nature of CHW interventions designed to address psychosocial outcomes in PLWH...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685445/insights-into-the-knowledge-practices-and-training-needs-of-veterinarians-working-with-smallholder-livestock-producers-in-australia
#20
L Hayes, S Britton, G Weerasinghe, R G Woodgate, M Hernandez-Jover
The location of properties holding livestock is fluid; edging towards the boundaries of urban Australia, increasing the likelihood that veterinarians will be exposed to livestock as part of the provision of routine veterinary services. This study was conducted to ascertain the challenges, knowledge level and training needs of veterinarians working within this landscape, with the ultimate aim of informing the development of resources and training to better equip them in this capacity. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study, using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among Australian veterinarians...
June 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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