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Occupational therapy assistants

Amy J Wint, Diane L Smith, Lisa I Iezzoni
OBJECTIVE: This study describes how women with physical disability experience caregiving for a new infant and how they adapt their home environment and care tasks. METHOD: In 2013, we conducted 2-hr telephone interviews with 22 women with significant physical disability who had delivered babies within the previous 10 yr. The semistructured, open-ended interview protocol addressed wide-ranging pregnancy-related topics. NVivo was used to sort the texts for content analysis...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Cecilia Llambias, Joyce Magill-Evans, Veronica Smith, Sharon Warren
Engagement in meaningful activities is essential to development and is often reduced in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who have limited engagement in activities or relationships. A multiple-baseline design was used with 7 children with ASD ages 4-8 yr to assess the effect of including a horse in occupational therapy intervention on task engagement. The children showed improvements in engagement. Including horses in occupational therapy sessions may be a valuable addition to conventional treatments to increase task engagement of children with ASD...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
D Zbogar, J J Eng, W C Miller, A V Krassioukov, M C Verrier
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the amount of upper- and lower-extremity movement repetitions (that is, voluntary movements as part of a functional task or specific motion) occurring during inpatient spinal cord injury (SCI), physical (PT) and occupational therapy (OT), and examine changes over the inpatient rehabilitation stay. SETTING: Two stand-alone inpatient SCI rehabilitation centers. METHODS: Participants: A total of 103 patients were recruited through consecutive admissions to SCI rehabilitation...
October 18, 2016: Spinal Cord
Nasser Nassiri Koopaei, Mohammad Abdollahi
Pharmaceutical nanotechnology has generated breakthrough developments in improving health care and human life from its emergence. The biomaterials employed mainly aim at improving drug delivery systems, imaging and diagnostic technologies while the nanoscale materials are in widespread use in other industries such as electronics and optics. Such advancement may revolutionize the drug development and therapy with new and more efficient treatments. Although, nanotechnology assists humankind in improving its well being, it has certain limitations that entail thorough investigation by the regulatory and scientific authorities...
October 6, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Marghuretta D Bland, Rebecca L Birkenmeier, Peggy Barco, Emily Lenard, Catherine E Lang, Eric J Lenze
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement in medical rehabilitation can be greatly influenced by their provider during therapy sessions. We developed Enhanced Medical Rehabilitation (EMR), a set of provider skills grounded in theories of behavior change. EMR utilizes 18 motivational techniques focused on providing frequent feedback to patients on their effort and progress and linking these to patient goals. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a clinical training protocol for clinicians to do EMR, as measured by clinician adherence...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
Véronique Bourg, Anne Descotes, Anne Pagnier, Jacques Griffet, Dominique Plantaz
The Child and Family Hospital of Grenoble is one of the rare university hospitals in France to benefit from the presence of a physician specializing in rehabilitation medicine. This hospital includes both inpatient and outpatient units. During the temporary closure of one department, certain members of the rehabilitation unit were reassigned to the acute care wards of the pediatric department, including physical therapists, occupational therapists, and speech therapists. Over the course of one year, these therapists completed more than 150 interventions in this department, more than half of which were in the hematology and oncology ward...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
René F Navarro, Marcela D Rodríguez, Jesús Favela
The cognitive deficits in persons with dementia (PwD) can produce significant functional impairment from early stages. Although memory decline is most prominent, impairments in attention, orientation, language, reasoning, and executive functioning are also common. Dementia is also characterized by changes in personality and behavioral functioning that can be very challenging for caregivers and patients. This paper presents results on the use and adoption of an assisted cognition system to support occupational therapy to address psychological and behavioral symptoms of dementia...
2016: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Karla Bustamante Valles, Sandra Montes, Maria de Jesus Madrigal, Adan Burciaga, María Elena Martínez, Michelle J Johnson
BACKGROUND: Stroke rehabilitation in low- and middle-income countries, such as Mexico, is often hampered by lack of clinical resources and funding. To provide a cost-effective solution for comprehensive post-stroke rehabilitation that can alleviate the need for one-on-one physical or occupational therapy, in lower and upper extremities, we proposed and implemented a technology-assisted rehabilitation gymnasium in Chihuahua, Mexico. The Gymnasium for Robotic Rehabilitation (Robot Gym) consisted of low- and high-tech systems for upper and lower limb rehabilitation...
2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Jeanne Eichler, Lydia Royeen
This article provides personal experiences of two clinicians on the topic of occupational therapy in the primary health care clinic. Lydia Royeen is a full time clinician in acute care and psychiatry and Jeanne Eichler is Assistant Professor and founder of the OTonCampus program at Saint Louis University. (PsycINFO Database Record
September 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Linda Furness, Alison C Pighills, Wendy Ducat, Anna Tynan
Expansion of occupational therapy education programs has resulted in increased student numbers and demand on clinicians to host clinical placements while also maintaining the delivery of high-quality, safe clinical services to patients. Much of the research about innovative placement models, including student contributions to service delivery, has been conducted in metropolitan areas. Therefore, there is a need to develop models that are suited to regional settings that face diversity of caseload, more generalised occupational therapy roles and variations in patient flow...
September 16, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Gudrun E Klein, Corina Guethlin
BACKGROUND: Among cancer care providers (CCPs), lack of knowledge constitutes an important barrier to the discussion of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use with patients. This study assessed CCPs' needs and preferences regarding CAM information and training (I&T). METHODS: An online survey was completed by 209 general practitioners, 437 medical specialists, 159 oncology nurses and medical assistants, and 244 psychologists and social workers engaged in cancer care...
September 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Tracy L Jirikowic, Cheryl I Kerfeld
Children with physical disabilities who use assistive mobility devices (AMDs) are at risk for obesity and other secondary health conditions. Habitual physical activity is one lifestyle factor that may prevent obesity and contribute to overall health, and an active lifestyle in childhood improves prospects for lifelong healthy behaviors. Child, family, and environmental facilitators and barriers influence health-promoting physical activity (HPPA) for children without disabilities, but comparable models and levels of understanding for children who use AMDs are lacking...
September 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Phillip J Whitehead, Marion F Walker, Ruth H Parry, Zaid Latif, Ian D McGeorge, Avril E R Drummond
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility of conducting a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of an intervention targeted at activities of daily living (ADL), delivered by an occupational therapist, in homecare reablement. DESIGN: Feasibility parallel group RCT. SETTING: Single-site local authority homecare reablement service. PARTICIPANTS: People referred for homecare reablement with ability to consent...
2016: BMJ Open
Désirée A Lie, Christopher P Forest, Anne Walsh, Yvonne Banzali, Kevin Lohenry
BACKGROUND: The student-run clinic (SRC) has the potential to address interprofessional learning among health professions students. PURPOSE: To derive a framework for understanding student learning during team-based care provided in an interprofessional SRC serving underserved patients. METHODS: The authors recruited students for a focus group study by purposive sampling and snowballing. They constructed two sets of semi-structured questions for uniprofessional and multiprofessional groups...
2016: Medical Education Online
Héctor Cardona Reyes, Jaime Muñoz Arteaga
This work focuses on proposing a multidisciplinary production of interactive environments as a technological support for rehabilitation of people with physical disabilities attending occupational therapy. Nowadays, some technologies and methods are used to develop software in order to assist the people who suffer some kind of physical disability but the physical therapies aren't limited to only one technique of rehabilitation. Current work promotes establish a multidisciplinary team such as therapists and technologists, they can collaborate for the production of interactive environments according the evolution of every patient's rehabilitation...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Caroline Hills, Susan Ryan, Derek R Smith, Helen Warren-Forward, Tracy Levett-Jones, Samuel Lapkin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Technology is becoming increasingly integral to the practice of occupational therapists and part of the everyday lives of clients. 'Generation Y' are purported to be naturally technologically skilled as they have grown up in the digital age. The aim of this study was to explore one cohort of 'Generation Y' occupational therapy students' skills and confidence in the use of technologies relevant to contemporary practice. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used to collect data from a cohort of 274 students enrolled in an Australian undergraduate occupational therapy programme...
July 20, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Juliana M de Oliveira, Rafael Carneiro G Fernandes, Cristtiano S Pinto, Plácido R Pinheiro, Sidarta Ribeiro, Victor Hugo C de Albuquerque
Cerebral palsy is a severe condition usually caused by decreased brain oxygenation during pregnancy, at birth or soon after birth. Conventional treatments for cerebral palsy are often tiresome and expensive, leading patients to quit treatment. In this paper, we describe a virtual environment for patients to engage in a playful therapeutic game for neuropsychomotor rehabilitation, based on the experience of the occupational therapy program of the Nucleus for Integrated Medical Assistance (NAMI) at the University of Fortaleza, Brazil...
2016: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
I B Ushakov, S S Lubavskaya, G A Batishcheva, Yu N Chernov
The article presents data on peculiarities of chronic pancreatitis course in railway transport workers (engine operators, engine operator assistants, dispatchers) with anxious depressive disorders. Pain and dyspepsia in patients with affective disorders appeared to be constant and more intense than in the patients without concomitant anxious depression. Psychophysiologic tests in 83% of patients with comorbid conditions revealed significant psychomotor dullness manifested in reliable lower speed of visual motor reactions...
2016: Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia
Dai-Ling Hsieh, Tzu-Chien Hsiao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: People with internet addiction (IA) suffer from mental, physical, social, and occupational problems. IA includes psychological and physiological syndromes, and among the syndromes, emotion was suggested important mental and physiological expressions of IA. However, few physiologically emotional characters of IA were investigated. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity was a good link between IA and emotion, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) gained from ANS was hypothesized related to IA...
2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
Toby O Smith, Paul Jepson, Andrew Beswick, Gina Sands, Avril Drummond, Edward T Davis, Catherine M Sackley
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most common orthopaedic operations performed worldwide. Painful osteoarthritis of the hip is the primary indication for THA. Following THA, people have conventionally been provided with equipment, such as raised toilet seats and chairs, and educated to avoid activities that could cause the hip joint to be in a position of flexion over 90 degrees, or adduction or rotation past the midline. These aspects of occupational therapy have been advocated to reduce the risks of prosthesis dislocation...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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