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Occupational therapy assistants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212528/effectiveness-of-robot-assisted-training-added-to-conventional-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-humeral-fracture-early-after-surgical-treatment-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#1
Corinna Nerz, Lars Schwickert, Clemens Becker, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Janina Anna Müßig, Peter Augat
BACKGROUND: The incidence of proximal humeral fractures increases with age. The functional recovery of the upper arm after such fractures is slow, and results are often disappointing. Treatment is associated with long immobilisation periods. Evidence-based exercise guidelines are missing. Loss of muscle mass as well as reduced range of motion and motor performance are common consequences. These losses could be partly counteracted by training interventions using robot-assisted arm support of the affected arm derived from neurorehabilitation...
December 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181601/acute-flaccid-myelitis-etiologic-challenges-diagnostic-and-management-considerations
#2
REVIEW
Sarah E Hopkins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Purpose of review Acute flaccid myelitis is a polio-like illness defined by the acute onset of flaccid paralysis in the setting spinal MRI demonstrating a longitudinal lesion in the gray matter of the cord. This paper aims to review the current state of knowledge and key clinical points for the diagnosis and management of acute flaccid myelitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings There were clusters of AFM noted in California and Colorado in 2014, with additional cases across the USA that year, and another spike in cases in 2016...
November 28, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173692/socioeconomic-and-therapy-factor-influence-on-self-reported-fatigue-anxiety-and-depression-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#3
Mirjana Lapčević, Mira Vuković, Branislav S Gvozdenović, Vesna Mioljević, Snežana Marjanović
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue, anxiety and depression are very frequent symptoms in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). GOALS: In this study we evaluated the influence of socioeconomic characteristics, therapy and comorbidities on the self-reported high fatigue, anxiety and depression in patients with RA. METHOD: Multicenter cross-sectional study was performed in 22 health institutions in Serbia during the period from April-August 2014 in population of older RA patients...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135752/experiences-and-shared-meaning-of-teamwork-and-interprofessional-collaboration-among-health-care-professionals-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#4
Carine Sangaleti, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Marina Peduzzi, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli, Cassia Baldini Soares
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, teamwork has been addressed under the rationale of interprofessional practice or collaboration, highlighted by the attributes of this practice such as: interdependence of professional actions, focus on user needs, negotiation between professionals, shared decision making, mutual respect and trust among professionals, and acknowledgment of the role and work of the different professional groups. Teamwork and interprofessional collaboration have been pointed out as astrategy for effective organization of health care services as the complexity of healthcare requires integration of knowledge and practices from differente professional groups...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135431/intervention-to-improve-medication-management-qualitative-outcomes-from-a-phase-i-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Jaclyn K Schwartz, Kimberly A Grogan, Melissa J Mutch, Emily B Nowicki, Elizabeth A Seidel, Stefanie A Woelfel, Roger O Smith
OBJECTIVES: We sought to define an occupational therapy intervention to promote medication management and to evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of the intervention. METHOD: Nineteen adults with chronic health conditions and poor medication adherence participated in a two-group, blinded, randomized study. They received either an occupational therapy or a standard care intervention. We used a qualitative method to measure participants' changes in medication management through an interview regarding participants' perceptions and behaviors...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#6
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125982/disability-in-activities-of-daily-living-among-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Josephine Neo, Lucy Fettes, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Matthew Maddocks
INTRODUCTION: People with cancer frequently report limitation in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs); essential activities required to live independently within society. Although several studies have assessed ADL related disability, variability in assessment, setting, and population means evidence is difficult to interpret. We aimed to determine the prevalence of ADL related disability, overall and by setting, and the most commonly affected ADLs in people living with cancer. METHODS: We searched twelve databases to June 2016 for observational studies assessing ADL disability in adults with cancer...
October 28, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123562/the-role-of-occupational-and-physiotherapy-in-multi-modal-approach-to-tackling-delirium-in-the-intensive-care
#8
REVIEW
Jenny Rains, Nigel Chee
The presence of delirium within critical care remains a long-standing challenge for patients and clinicians alike. A myriad of pre-disposing and precipitating factors lead to this patient cohort being high risk for developing delirium during their critical care stay. Until now, non-pharmacological management of these patients usually encompasses a 'bundle' of principles to reduce delirium days. These bundles have limited focus on the entire multi-disciplinary team (including occupational therapists and physiotherapists) who could assist with the reduction of delirium...
November 2017: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121882/effectiveness-of-balancing-everyday-life-bel-versus-standard-occupational-therapy-for-activity-engagement-and-functioning-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-cluster-rct-study
#9
Mona Eklund, Carina Tjörnstrand, Mikael Sandlund, Elisabeth Argentzell
BACKGROUND: Many with a mental illness have an impoverished everyday life with few meaningful activities and a sedentary lifestyle. The study aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of the 16-week Balancing Everyday Life (BEL) program, compared to care as usual (CAU), for people with mental illness in specialized and community-based psychiatric services. The main outcomes concerned different aspects of subjectively evaluated everyday activities, in terms of the engagement and satisfaction they bring, balance among activities, and activity level...
November 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114891/mapping-an-australian-occupational-therapy-curriculum-linking-intended-learning-outcomes-with-entry-level-competency-standards
#10
Ben Sellar, Carolyn M Murray, Mandy Stanley, Hugh Stewart, Helene Hipp, Susan Gilbert-Hunt
BACKGROUND: Curriculum mapping involves systematic charting of programme content against professional competencies. This process can reveal strengths, gaps and redundancies within educational programmes. METHODS: Curriculum mapping occurred using intended learning (ILOs) as documented in individual courses and linking them to units and elements within the occupational therapy minimum competency standards (ACSOT) and Miller's Framework of competency. Five occupational therapy academics and two impartial research assistants identified links between ILOs and units and elements of the ACSOT...
November 8, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097983/occupational-therapy-students-perceptions-of-the-role-of-robots-in-the-care-for-older-people-living-in-the-community
#11
Sławomir Tobis, Mirosława Cylkowska-Nowak, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Mariola Pawlaczyk, Aleksandra Suwalska
Background: The question arises how recent developments in robotics can contribute to the care for older people. The study is part of the EU-funded ENRICHME project. Objectives of Study: The aim of the study was to investigate opinions of occupational therapy students (OTS), as future professional caregivers, on the use of robots in care for older people. Methods: It included 26 OTS from Poznan University of Medical Sciences. To collect data, the Users' Needs, Requirements, and Abilities Questionnaire (UNRAQ) was developed...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097978/the-development-of-a-measurement-tool-evaluating-knowledge-related-to-sensory-processing-among-graduate-occupational-therapy-students-a-process-description
#12
Bryan M Gee, Kelly Thompson, Jane Strickland, Lucy Jane Miller
With an increased demand arising from stake holders to provide more complex clinical experiences and to have students better prepared for clinical rotations, educators need to develop instructional tasks and measures to teach and assess clinical reasoning. The purpose of this article is to highlight a clinical simulation measure revolving around the A SECRET reasoning approach, which is also generalizable to other conditions and interventions. Preliminary findings of 1st year Master of Occupational Therapy students (n = 8) who took part in a pilot of the A SECRET case scenario reported positive, yet not strong, attitudes toward the A SECRET assessment and the sensory processing related content delivered in an online format as a part of a larger study...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097973/currency-and-competence-of-occupational-therapists-and-consumers-with-rapidly-changing-technology
#13
REVIEW
Emily J Steel, Ricky Buchanan, Natasha Layton, Erin Wilson
Assistive technology was once a specialised field of practice, involving products designed for populations with specific impairments or functional goals. In Australia, occupational therapists have, at times, functioned as gatekeepers to public funding, prescribing products from a predefined list. An expanding range of accessible mainstream products available via international and online markets has changed the meaning and application of assistive technology for many people with disability. In the policy context of consumer choice and cost-effectiveness, have occupational therapists been left behind? This paper describes the change in context for access to assistive technology resulting in expanded possibilities for participation and inclusion...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095167/feasibility-of-early-motor-assisted-upper-extremity-cycle-ergometry-in-critically-ill-neurological-patients-with-upper-extremity-weakness-and-variable-cognitive-status-a-case-series
#14
S Deluzio, I Vora, S Kumble, E K Zink, R D Stevens, M N Bahouth
Upper extremity paresis, common in many neurological conditions, is a major contributor of long-term disability and decreased quality of life. Evidence shows that repetitive, bilateral arm movement improves upper extremity coordination after neurological injury. However, it is difficult to integrate upper extremity interventions into very early rehabilitation of critically ill neurological patients due to patient arousal and medical acuity. This report describes the safety and feasibility of bilateral upper extremity cycling in critically ill neurological patients with bilateral or unilateral paresis...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044612/is-there-an-occupational-therapy-employment-crisis-within-australia-an-investigation-into-two-consecutive-cohorts-of-occupational-therapy-graduates-from-a-single-victorian-university-identifying-trends-in-employment
#15
Pearse Fay, Lynne Adamson
BACKGROUND: Within the context of growing concerns about a potential oversupply of occupational therapist, this research examines when, where and how long new graduates take to gain employment and identifies influences upon the health and university systems. METHOD: A mixed method research design, using an online survey was adopted to investigate the topic. Two consecutive cohorts of graduates from a single university program were invited to participate. RESULTS: Seventy-five (58%) responses were received, with 63 (84%) currently employed in an occupational therapy role...
October 18, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035068/effects-of-animal-assisted-therapy-on-concentration-and-attention-span-in-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Vanya Gocheva, Margret Hund-Georgiadis, Karin Hediger
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported that brain-injured patients frequently suffer from cognitive impairments such as attention and concentration deficits. Numerous rehabilitation clinics offer animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to address these difficulties. The authors' aim was to investigate the immediate effects of AAT on the concentration and attention span of brain-injured patients. METHOD: Nineteen patients with acquired brain injury were included in a randomized, controlled, within-subject trial...
October 16, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029633/pattern-of-improvement-in-upper-limb-pointing-task-kinematics-after-a-3-month-training-program-with-robotic-assistance-in-stroke
#17
Ophélie Pila, Christophe Duret, François-Xavier Laborne, Jean-Michel Gracies, Nicolas Bayle, Emilie Hutin
BACKGROUND: When exploring changes in upper limb kinematics and motor impairment associated with motor recovery in subacute post stroke during intensive therapies involving robot-assisted training, it is not known whether trained joints improve before non-trained joints and whether target reaching capacity improves before movement accuracy. METHODS: Twenty-two subacute stroke patients (mean delay post-stroke at program onset 63 ± 29 days, M2) underwent 50 ± 17 (mean ± SD) 45-min sessions of robot-assisted (InMotion™) shoulder/elbow training over 3 months, in addition to conventional occupational therapy...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023760/listening-to-teachers-views-on-delivery-of-a-classroom-based-sensory-intervention-for-students-with-autism
#18
Caroline Mills, Christine Chapparo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapists consider the impact of autism spectrum disorder on occupational performance at school. Occupational therapists work with teachers to support student participation. Atypical sensory processing is common in children with autism. Therefore, collaborating with teachers to enable students with autism to appropriately process sensory information within classrooms may be necessary. This qualitative pilot study aimed to capture teachers' perceptions of using a Sensory Activity Schedule, a sensory based intervention, in the classroom...
October 12, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018400/including-a-lower-extremity-component-during-hand-arm-bimanual-intensive-training-does-not-attenuate-improvements-of-the-upper-extremities-a-retrospective-study-of-randomized-trials
#19
Geoffroy Saussez, Marina B Brandão, Andrew M Gordon, Yannick Bleyenheuft
Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy (HABIT) promotes hand function using intensive practice of bimanual functional and play tasks. This intervention has shown to be efficacious to improve upper-extremity (UE) function in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). In addition to UE function deficits, lower-extremity (LE) function and UE-LE coordination are also impaired in children with USCP. Recently, a new intervention has been introduced in which the LE is simultaneously engaged during HABIT (Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy Including Lower Extremities; HABIT-ILE)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994304/an-exploration-of-the-experience-of-using-calendar-reminders-for-people-with-dementia-and-family-carers
#20
Nina Evans, Lesley Collier
People with dementia and family carers often use calendars to support time orientation to maintain routine. However, little is known about the use of calendars as a compensatory strategy. This study examines the experience and practicalities of using calendar reminders from the perspective of people with dementia and family carers. Six dyads were recruited and interviewed at home. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to develop a narrative interpreted from an occupational therapy perspective. The themes were reflected on during two subsequent focus groups...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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