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Occupational therapy assistants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721691/occupational-therapy-for-adults-with-problems-in-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke
#1
REVIEW
Lynn A Legg, Sharon R Lewis, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Avril Drummond, Peter Langhorne
BACKGROUND: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Activities of daily living (ADL) are daily home-based activities that people carry out to maintain health and well-being. ADLs include the ability to: eat and drink unassisted, move, go to the toilet, carry out personal hygiene tasks, dress unassisted, and groom. Stroke causes impairment-related functional limitations that may result in difficulties participating in ADLs independent of supervision, direction, or physical assistance...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719996/efficacy-of-short-term-robot-assisted-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-hand-paralysis-after-stroke-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Jorge H Villafañe, Giovanni Taveggia, Silvia Galeri, Luciano Bissolotti, Chiara Mullè, Grace Imperio, Kristin Valdes, Alberto Borboni, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effectiveness of robot-assisted motion and activity in additional to physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) on stroke patients with hand paralysis. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. Thirty-two patients, 34.4% female (mean ± SD age: 68.9 ± 11.6 years), with hand paralysis after stroke participated. The experimental group received 30 minutes of passive mobilization of the hand through the robotic device Gloreha (Brescia, Italy), and the control group received an additional 30 minutes of PT and OT for 3 consecutive weeks (3 d/wk) in addition to traditional rehabilitation...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#3
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661386/a-way-of-seeing-how-occupation-is-portrayed-to-students-when-taught-as-a-concept-beyond-its-use-in-therapy
#4
Pollie Price, Barb Hooper, Sheama Krishnagiri, Steven D Taff, Andrea Bilics
OBJECTIVE: The concept of occupation is core to learning occupational therapy, yet how occupation is taught has not been widely studied. We explored how occupation is addressed in 25 U.S. occupational therapist and occupational therapy assistant programs. METHOD: We used a basic qualitative research design, collecting data through interviews, artifacts, and video recordings of teaching. We secondarily analyzed 8 programs in which occupation was taught beyond its application in practice...
July 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657815/adaption-to-stroke-a-nonlinear-thinking-approach-in-occupational-therapy
#5
Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad, Emily F Piven, Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani
This paper explores the role of perturbance and attractor, two key nonlinear features described by the Neuro-occupation model in shaping human behavior. A convenience sample of eleven Iranian participants who had both strokes and demonstrated high resilience were recruited for this study. To explore the process of how participants fell under the influence of the perturbance and attractor, the content analysis with pre-determined categories using deductive reasoning was used. The findings suggest that perturbance and attractor exerted considerable influences on adaptation to stroke and assist in the understanding of the Neuro-occupation model...
June 28, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630034/fall-prevention-self-assessments-via-mobile-3d-visualization-technologies-community-dwelling-older-adults-perceptions-of-opportunities-and-challenges
#6
Julian Hamm, Arthur Money, Anita Atwal
BACKGROUND: In the field of occupational therapy, the assistive equipment provision process (AEPP) is a prominent preventive strategy used to promote independent living and to identify and alleviate fall risk factors via the provision of assistive equipment within the home environment. Current practice involves the use of paper-based forms that include 2D measurement guidance diagrams that aim to communicate the precise points and dimensions that must be measured in order to make AEPP assessments...
June 19, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628732/understanding-neurophobia-reasons-behind-impaired-understanding-and-learning-of-neuroanatomy-in-cross-disciplinary-healthcare-students
#7
Muhammad Asim Javaid, Shelly Chakraborty, John F Cryan, Harriët Schellekens, André Toulouse
Recent studies have highlighted a fear or difficulty with the study and understanding of neuroanatomy among medical and healthcare students. This has been linked with a diminished confidence of clinical practitioners and students to manage patients with neurological conditions. The underlying reasons for this difficulty have been queried among a broad cohort of medical, dental, occupational therapy, and speech and language sciences students. Direct evidence of the students' perception regarding specific difficulties associated with learning neuroanatomy has been provided and some of the measures required to address these issues have been identified...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581898/assistive-technology-reasoning-in-rural-school-based-occupational-therapy
#8
Anne F Cronin
This study explores broad issues associated with assistive technology (AT) service provision in rural school settings. The study was designed to explore the beliefs of practitioners working in rural schools about their role in AT service provision. This article includes an extensive review of the literature and findings from a naturalistic study of AT service provision experience in rural school settings. The study portion of this article involved completion of an open-ended questionnaire followed by semi-structured ethnographic interviews...
June 5, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578754/internet-images-of-the-speech-pathology-profession
#9
Nicole Byrne
Objective The Internet provides the general public with information about speech pathology services, including client groups and service delivery models, as well as the professionals providing the services. Although this information assists the general public and other professionals to both access and understand speech pathology services, it also potentially provides information about speech pathology as a prospective career, including the types of people who are speech pathologists (i.e. demographics). The aim of the present study was to collect baseline data on how the speech pathology profession was presented via images on the Internet...
June 5, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515945/exposure-to-occupational-hazards-for-pregnancy-and-sick-leave-in-pregnant-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jean-Bernard Henrotin, Monique Vaissière, Maryline Etaix, Mathieu Dziurla, Stéphane Malard, Dominique Lafon
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to occupational hazards for pregnancy and sick leave (SL) in pregnant workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in French occupational health services in 2014. Occupational hazards for pregnancy were assessed by occupational health physicians (OHPs). After delivery and at the time of returning to work, 1,495 eligible workers were interviewed by OHPs. Information on SL was self-reported...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507969/core-decompression-with-synthetic-grafting-as-a-joint-preservation-strategy-in-humeral-avascular-necrosis-due-to-sickle-cell-anemia-a-case-report
#11
Andrew M Steffensmeier, Karen Kirkham, John M Wiemann
INTRODUCTION: Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral or humeral heads in patients with sickle cell anemia is a common and painful condition. There is currently no gold standard treatment protocol for this condition. Typically, the pain is managed with narcotics and activity restriction until there has been collapse of the subchondral bone with a degree of arthrosis sufficient to warrant total joint arthroplasty. This method entails prolonged pain for the patient and decreases the ability to function occupationally and recreationally...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494627/problem-based-learning-in-occupational-therapy-curriculum-implications-and-challenges
#12
Michal Avrech Bar, Margalit Pade, Tal Jarus, Sarah Gat, Yael Kaufman Cohen, Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky
PURPOSE: Problem-based learning (PBL) is an educational method that fosters self-directed study in small groups. The purpose of this study was to describe the Tel Aviv University's occupational therapy (OT) program and the challenges implementing such program. In addition, the study compared the PBL grades obtained by students who are native Hebrew speakers with those students who are native Arabic speakers; and, assessed the correlation between the grades in the PBL course and the grades in the clinical fieldwork studies...
May 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486638/predictors-of-discharge-to-a-nonhome-facility-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-decompression-without-fusion-for-degenerative-spine-disease
#13
Meghan E Murphy, Patrick R Maloney, Brandon A McCutcheon, Lorenzo Rinaldo, Daniel Shepherd, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Hannah Gilder, Daniel S Ubl, Cynthia S Crowson, Brett A Freedman, Elizabeth B Habermann, Mohamad Bydon
BACKGROUND: Patients recovering from decompressive laminectomy without fusion may require assistance with activities of daily living and physical/occupational therapy upon hospital discharge. OBJECTIVE: To examine comorbidities and perioperative characteristics of patients undergoing lumbar decompression for associations with discharge status using a multicenter database. METHODS: A multicenter database was used for this retrospective cohort analysis...
May 9, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464809/approaches-to-studying-predict-academic-performance-in-undergraduate-occupational-therapy-students-a-cross-cultural-study
#14
Tore Bonsaksen, Ted Brown, Hua Beng Lim, Kenneth Fong
BACKGROUND: Learning outcomes may be a result of several factors including the learning environment, students' predispositions, study efforts, cultural factors and approaches towards studying. This study examined the influence of demographic variables, education-related factors, and approaches to studying on occupational therapy students' Grade Point Average (GPA). METHODS: Undergraduate occupational therapy students (n = 712) from four countries completed the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST)...
May 2, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455901/social-networks-and-social-functioning-level-among-occupational-therapy-workshops-and-community-based-support-centers-users
#15
Paweł Bronowski, Maryla Sawicka, Magda Rowicka, Marta Bronowska
OBJECTIVES: Community-Based Support Centers (CSC) and Occupational Therapy Workshops (OTW) have been functioning for over 20 years in Poland. However, the effectiveness of their rehabilitation programs as well as the users profile has not been examined yet. The aim of the study was to determine social functioning level and support network effectiveness of CSC and OTW users. METHODS: Research tools: GAS (Global Assessment Scale), social network and social support assessment, Social Functioning Scale, Sociodemographic Questionnaire...
February 26, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449609/using-children-as-standardized-patients-in-osce-in-pediatric-occupational-therapy
#16
Chung-Pei Fu, Jiann-Horng Yeh, Chia-Ting Su, Chien-Hsiou Liu, Wan-Ying Chang, Yu-Lan Chen, Ai-Lun Yang, Chih-Chia Wang
BACKGROUND: Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) have been administered in physical and psychiatric occupational therapy (OT) education, but not in pediatric OT education. The objectives were to examine the satisfaction and the influences of OSCE in pediatric OT on all participants. METHODS: The OSCE contained evaluation, intervention, and parent education stations. Sixty examinees, 44 child standardized patients (SPs), 44 chaperones, three playroom managers, 14 OSCE assistants, and 15 examiners participated in the OSCE...
April 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436709/transitioning-from-occupational-therapy-student-to-practicing-occupational-therapist-first-year-of-employment
#17
Randy P McCombie, Meredith E Antanavage
This research examined the transition from occupational therapy student to practicing occupational therapist over the course of one's first year of professional employment, as recalled by a sample of occupational therapists. Surveys were mailed to 500 occupational therapists randomly selected from membership in the American Occupational Therapy Association resulting in 202 returned surveys. Median year of graduation was 1998, ranging from 1967 to 2014. In general, respondents indicated the transition was positive...
April 24, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422636/impact-of-pans-and-pandas-exacerbations-on-occupational-performance-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Janice Trigilio Tona, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Denise Calaprice
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections and involves sudden-onset neuropsychiatric symptoms, including obsessions, compulsions, sensory difficulties, and dysgraphia after infection or other triggers. Our objective was to identify problems with areas of occupation, body functions, and performance skills during exacerbations. METHOD: In this online retrospective study, based on the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (2nd ed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400222/self-reported-health-and-safety-awareness-improves-prediction%C3%A2-of-level-of-care-needs-in-veterans-discharged-from-a-postacute-unit
#19
Julija Stelmokas, Linas A Bieliauskas, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Robert Hogikyan, Neil B Alexander
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the differential value of a self-reported health and safety awareness measure relative to other medical, psychosocial, and cognitive factors in predicting level of care (LOC) needs after hospital discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Community living center postacute care (CLC-PAC) unit at a Veterans Affairs hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 175 veterans admitted to the Veterans Affairs hospital or directly to the CLC-PAC from home...
April 9, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398984/experiences-of-pre-licensure-or-pre-registration-health-professional-students-and-their-educators-in-working-with-intra-professional-teams-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#20
Diane L Butcher, Karen MacKinnon, Anne Bruce, Carol Gordon, Clare Koning
BACKGROUND: Inter-professional initiatives are prevalent in the healthcare landscape, requiring professionals to collaborate effectively to provide quality patient care. Little attention has been given to intra-professional relationships, where professionals within one disciplinary domain (such as degree and diploma nursing students) collaborate to provide care. New care models are being introduced where baccalaureate and diploma students of a particular discipline (such as nursing, occupational therapy, dentistry or physiotherapy) work closely together in teams to deliver care...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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