keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gait retraining

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707514/an-analysis-of-trunk-kinematics-and-gait-parameters-in-people-with-stroke
#1
Adnil W Titus, Susan Hillier, Quinette A Louw, Gakeemah Inglis-Jassiem
Background: Approximately two out of three people with stroke experience gait problems. Trunk movement control and symmetry is an important prerequisite for functional walking gait. Movement control, measured objectively as kinematics during walking gait, is rarely investigated. Objective: To describe the three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of the trunk during gait in people with stroke, including key spatiotemporal characteristics. Methodology: A total of 17 adults with stroke who met the inclusion criteria were selected to participate in this cross-sectional pilot study...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660947/effects-of-walkbot-gait-training-on-kinematics-kinetics-and-clinical-gait-function-in-paraplegia-and-quadriplegia
#2
Jongseok Hwang, Yongil Shin, Ji-Ho Park, Young Joo Cha, Joshua Sung H You
BACKGROUND: The robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) system has gained recognition as an innovative, effective paradigm to improve functional ambulation and activities of daily living in spinal cord injury and stroke. However, the effects of the Walkbot robotic-assisted gait training system with a specialized hip-knee-ankle actuator have never been examined in the paraplegia and quadriplegia population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term effects of Walkbot training on clinical for hips and knee stiffness in individuals with paraplegia or quadriplegia...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614001/relationships-between-habitual-cadence-footstrike-and-vertical-loadrates-in-runners
#3
Erin E Futrell, Steve T Jamison, Adam S Tenforde, Irene S Davis
Excessive vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) loadrates have been linked with running injuries. Increasing cadence (CAD) has been shown to reduce loadrates; however relationships between habitual cadence and loadrates across a population of runners have not been examined. PURPOSE: To examine the relationships between habitual running cadence and vertical loadrates in healthy and injured runners using habitual footstrike patterns. As CAD increased, we expected vertical loadrates would decrease...
April 2, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600688/early-robot-assisted-gait-retraining-in-non-ambulatory-patients-with-stroke-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Andreas Mayr, Ellen Quirbach, Alessandro Picelli, Markus Kofler, Nicola Smania, Leopold Saltuari
BACKGROUND: Restoration of walking function is a primary concern of neurorehabilitation with respect to the aspired social and vocational reintegration. To date, the best practice for improving gait early after stroke is still object of debate. On one hand, repetitive task-specific approaches with higher intensities of walking have been observed to result in greater improvements of gait after stroke. Conversely there is some evidence that conventional gait training would be more effective for facilitating walking ability after stroke...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535874/partial-body-weight-supported-treadmill-training-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia
#5
Laura Alice Santos de Oliveira, Camilla Polonini Martins, Carlos Henrique Ramos Horsczaruk, Débora Cristina Lima da Silva, Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos, Agnaldo José Lopes, Míriam Raquel Meira Mainenti, Erika de Carvalho Rodrigues
Background and Purpose: The motor impairments related to gait and balance have a huge impact on the life of individuals with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). Here, the aim was to assess the possibility of retraining gait, improving cardiopulmonary capacity, and challenging balance during gait in SCA using a partial body weight support (BWS) and a treadmill. Also, the effects of this training over functionality and quality of life were investigated. Methods: Eight SCA patients were engaged in the first stage of the study that focused on gait training and cardiovascular conditioning...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514820/response-to-optimising-the-efficacy-of-gait-retraining
#6
EDITORIAL
Jean-Francois Esculier, Blaise Dubois, Jean-Sébastien Roy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514327/how-do-physical-therapists-in-the-united-kingdom-manage-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Melanie A Holden, Kim L Bennell, Rebecca Whittle, Linda Chesterton, Nadine E Foster, Nicola A Halliday, Libby N Spiers, Elizabeth M Mason, Jonathan G Quicke, Christian D Mallen
Background: Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is common, painful, and disabling. Physical therapists have an important role in managing patients with hip OA; however, little is known about their current management approach and whether it aligns with clinical guideline recommendations. Objective: The objective of this study is to describe United Kingdom (UK) physical therapists' current management of patients with hip OA and to determine whether it aligns with clinical guidelines...
June 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494998/the-learning-process-of-gait-retraining-using-real-time-feedback-in-patients-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis
#8
Rosie Richards, Martin van der Esch, Josien C van den Noort, Jaap Harlaar
The objective of this study was to investigate the learning process of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients learning to change their foot progression angle (FPA) over a six-week toe-in gait training program. Sixteen patients with medial KOA completed a six-week toe-in gait training program with real-time biofeedback. Patients walked on an instrumented treadmill while receiving real-time feedback on their foot progression angle (FPA) with reference to a target angle. The FPA difference (difference between target and actual FPA) was analyzed during i) natural walking, ii) walking with feedback, iii) walking without feedback and iv) walking with a dual-task at the start and end of the training program...
February 23, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452781/physical-training-maintains-or-improves-gait-ability-in-long-term-nursing-home-residents-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola-Pardo, Susana María Gil, Jon Irazusta, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad
Numerous studies have reported the benefits of physical exercise in older adults. However, studies performed in long-term nursing home (LTNH) residents are scarce. A literature search was conducted to identify physical exercise intervention studies that were randomized and controlled and that assessed gait ability in older LTNH residents using both walking speed and timed up-and-go (TUG) tests simultaneously. Together, these tests have been defined under the term "gait ability"; they are widely used to screen for impaired physical function, and can predict accelerated functional decline, difficulty with activities of daily living (ADL), falls, and disability in older adults...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407862/the-effects-of-body-weight-unloading-on-kinetics-and-muscle-activity-of-overweight-males-during-overground-walking
#10
Arielle G Fischer, Alon Wolf
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight has become a major worldwide health and social epidemic. Training with body weight unloading, is a common method for gait corrections for various neuromuscular impairments. In the present study we assessed the effects of body weight unloading on knee and ankle kinetics and muscle activation of overweight subjects walking overground under various levels of body weight unloading. METHODS: Ten overweight subjects (25 ≤ BMI < 29...
February 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395632/predictors-of-clinical-success-in-runners-with-patellofemoral-pain-secondary-analyses-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Jean-Francois Esculier, Laurent J Bouyer, Blaise Dubois, Jean Leblond, Mélanie Brisson, Luc Chau, Jean-Sébastien Roy
OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of outcome to a rehabilitation program focused on education and management of training loads in runners with patellofemoral pain (PFP). DESIGN: Secondary analyses of a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Fifty-eight runners with PFP (62% female, aged 31.2±6.6years, running 20.3±5.6km/week) were included in analyses. Following baseline collection of demographics, anthropometry, symptomatology, isometric strength, running mechanics and radiological data, runners were randomized to one of the three 8-week intervention program: (1) Education on symptoms management and training modifications; (2) Education+Exercise program; (3) Education+Gait retraining...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308956/management-of-a-patient-s-gait-abnormality-using-smartphone-technology-in-clinic-for-improved-qualitative-analysis-a-case-report
#12
William R VanWye, Donald L Hoover
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Qualitative analysis has its limitations as the speed of human movement often occurs more quickly than can be comprehended. Digital video allows for frame-by-frame analysis, and therefore likely more effective interventions for gait dysfunction. Although the use of digital video outside laboratory settings, just a decade ago, was challenging due to cost and time constraints, rapid use of smartphones and software applications has made this technology much more practical for clinical usage...
May 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289028/experience-does-not-influence-injury-related-joint-kinematics-and-kinetics-in-distance-runners
#13
Cristine E Agresta, Jillian Peacock, Jeffrey Housner, Ronald F Zernicke, Jessica Deneweth Zendler
PURPOSE: Increased running experience and more time spent running appears to be advantageous in reducing injury risk, although the reason behind this is unclear. It is plausible that more experience results in better running mechanics leading to less injuries. Running mechanics are often screened during clinical assessments and targeted for correction in gait retraining, particularly those thought to be global indicators of injury or those associated with elevated knee joint loading. Examining the biomechanics of runners who are less-injury prone can improve our understanding of the significance of faulty running mechanics in relation to injury...
March 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248191/manipulating-post-stroke-gait-exploiting-aberrant-kinematics
#14
Megan E Reissman, Keith E Gordon, Yasin Y Dhaher
Post-stroke individuals often exhibit abnormal kinematics, including increased pelvic obliquity and hip abduction coupled with reduced knee flexion. Prior examinations suggest these behaviors are expressions of abnormal cross-planar coupling of muscle activity. However, few studies have detailed the impact of gait-retraining paradigms on three-dimensional joint kinematics. In this study, a cross-tilt walking surface was examined as a novel gait-retraining construct. We hypothesized that relative to baseline walking kinematics, exposure to cross-tilt would generate significant changes in subsequent flat-walking joint kinematics during affected limb swing...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172095/innovations-and-pitfalls-in-the-use-of-wearable-devices-in-the-prevention-and-rehabilitation-of-running-related-injuries
#15
Richard W Willy
Running-related injuries are common and are associated with a high rate of reoccurrence. Biomechanics and errors in applied training loads are often cited as causes of running-related injuries. Clinicians and runners are beginning to utilize wearable technologies to quantify biomechanics and training loads with the hope of reducing the incidence of running-related injuries. Wearable devices can objectively assess biomechanics and training loads in runners, yet guidelines for their use by clinicians and runners are not currently available...
January 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137725/a-gait-retraining-system-using-augmented-reality-to-modify-footprint-parameters-effects-on-lower-limb-sagittal-plane-kinematics
#16
Sami Bennour, Baptiste Ulrich, Thomas Legrand, Brigitte M Jolles, Julien Favre
Improving lower-limb flexion/extension angles during walking is important for the treatment of numerous pathologies. Currently, these gait retraining procedures are mostly qualitative, often based on visual assessment and oral instructions. This study aimed to propose an alternative method combining motion capture and display of target footprints on the floor. The second objectives were to determine the error in footprint modifications and the effects of footprint modifications on lower-limb flexion/extension angles...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100250/gait-retraining-from-rearfoot-strike-to-forefoot-strike-does-not-change-running-economy
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jenevieve Lynn Roper, Deborah Doerfler, Len Kravitz, Janet S Dufek, Christine Mermier
Gait retraining is a method for management of patellofemoral pain, which is a common ailment among recreational runners. The present study investigated the effects of gait retraining from rearfoot strike to forefoot strike on running economy, heart rate, and respiratory exchange ratio immediately post-retraining and one-month post-retraining in recreational runners with patellofemoral pain. Knee pain was also measured. Sixteen participants (n=16) were randomly placed in the control (n=8) or experimental (n=8) group...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099654/control-of-impact-loading-during-distracted-running-before-and-after-gait-retraining-in-runners
#18
Roy T H Cheung, Winko W An, Ivan P H Au, Janet H Zhang, Zoe Y S Chan, Aislinn J MacPhail
Gait retraining using visual biofeedback has been reported to reduce impact loading in runners. However, most of the previous studies did not adequately examine the level of motor learning after training, as the modified gait pattern was not tested in a dual-task condition. Hence, this study sought to compare the landing peak positive acceleration (PPA) and vertical loading rates during distracted running before and after gait retraining. Sixteen recreational runners underwent a two-week visual biofeedback gait retraining program for impact loading reduction, with feedback on the PPA measured at heel...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066433/gait-retraining-out-of-the-lab-and-onto-the-streets-with-the-benefit-of-wearables
#19
EDITORIAL
Christopher Napier, Jean-Francois Esculier, Michael A Hunt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065279/gait-retraining-for-the-reduction-of-injury-occurrence-in-novice-distance-runners-1-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Zoe Y S Chan, Janet H Zhang, Ivan P H Au, Winko W An, Gary L K Shum, Gabriel Y F Ng, Roy T H Cheung
BACKGROUND: The increasing popularity of distance running has been accompanied by an increase in running-related injuries, such that up to 85% of novice runners incur an injury in a given year. Previous studies have used a gait retraining program to successfully lower impact loading, which has been associated with many running ailments. However, softer footfalls may not necessarily prevent running injury. PURPOSE: To examine vertical loading rates before and after a gait retraining program and assess the effectiveness of the program in reducing the occurrence of running-related injury across a 12-month observation period...
February 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
keyword
keyword
15212
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"