keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

stereotypy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760006/teaching-video-neuroimages-figure-8-head-shaking-stereotypy-in-rhombencephalosynapsis
#1
Andrea Accogli, Myriam Srour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740356/behavioural-pharmacokinetic-metabolic-and-hyperthermic-profile-of-3-4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone-mdpv-in-the-wistar-rat
#2
Rachel R Horsley, Eva Lhotkova, Katerina Hajkova, Barbara Feriancikova, Michal Himl, Martin Kuchar, Tomas Páleníček
3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) is a potent pyrovalerone cathinone that is substituted for amphetamines by recreational users. We report a comprehensive and detailed description of the effects of subcutaneous MDPV (1-4 mg/kg) on pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and metabolism, acute effects on thermoregulation under isolated and aggregated conditions, locomotion (open field) and sensory gating (prepulse inhibition, PPI). All studies used male Wistar rats. Pharmacokinetics after single dose of 2 mg/kg MDPV was measured over 6 h in serum, brain and lungs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735112/stereotypic-movement-disorders
#3
Mackenzie Katherine
This review summarizes motor stereotypies in terms of description, prevalence, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. They are fixed and persistent movements. Stereotypies begin before 3 years of age and continue into adulthood. Primary motor stereotypies occur in children of normal intelligence, whereas secondary stereotypies ensue in the setting of an additional diagnosis such as autism spectrum disorder or other neurologic disorders. They are highly associated with comorbidities such as anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, inattention, and tics...
April 2018: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717363/oromandibular-dystonia-screening-questionnaire-for-differential-diagnosis
#4
Kazuya Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: Oromandibular dystonia, which is characterized by stereotypic, task-specific, or sustained contractions of masticatory and/or lingual muscles, is frequently misdiagnosed as temporomandibular disorders or psychogenic disease. Diagnostic delay in oromandibular dystonia is not acceptable; thus, a screening tool that can distinguish this condition from a temporomandibular disorder may be helpful for medical professionals unfamiliar with involuntary movements or temporomandibular disorders...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713639/from-feline-idiopathic-ulcerative-dermatitis-to-feline-behavioral-ulcerative-dermatitis-grooming-repetitive-behaviors-indicators-of-poor-welfare-in-cats
#5
Emmanuelle Titeux, Caroline Gilbert, Amaury Briand, Noëlle Cochet-Faivre
Feline idiopathic head-and-neck dermatitis-also named feline idiopathic ulcerative dermatitis (IUD)-is considered as a rare skin disease of unknown origin. It is usually associated with a crusted, non-healing, self-induced ulcer occurring most commonly on the dorsal or lateral neck or between the scapula where self-grooming by scratching occurs. Usually, IUD is diagnosed after exclusion of other causes of pruritus. In feline medicine, self-induced alopecia is recognized as a behavioral disorder (abnormal repetitive behavior) due to excessive licking, which is an amplification of a normal maintenance behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690990/-movement-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
Asli Sena Kücükyildiz, Nanette Mol Debes, Liselotte Skov
Tourette syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder, ticlike compulsions and motoric stereotypies are all movement disorders, which start in childhood and can be difficult to differentiate. In this article, we have outlined the most important focus points on how to differentiate the conditions in order to diagnose correctly and in order to refer to proper treatment.
April 16, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688754/aripiprazole-for-irritability-in-asian-children-and-adolescents-with-autistic-disorder-a-12-week-multinational-multicenter-prospective-open-label-study
#7
Hyo-Won Kim, Eun-Jin Park, Ji-Hoon Kim, Vitharon Boon-Yasidhi, Jariya Tarugsa, Alexis Reyes, Stella Manalo, Yoo-Sook Joung
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effectiveness and tolerability of aripiprazole in the treatment of irritability in Asian children and adolescents (6-17 years) with autistic disorder in a 12-week, multinational, multicenter, open-label study. METHODS: Sixty-seven subjects (10.0 ± 3.1 years old, 52 boys) were enrolled and treated with flexibly dosed aripiprazole for 12 weeks (mean dose, 5.1 ± 2.5 mg; range 2-15 mg). RESULTS: Aripiprazole significantly reduced the mean caregiver-rated scores for the Irritability, Lethargy/Social Withdrawal, Stereotypy, Hyperactivity, and Inappropriate Speech subscales of the Aberrant Behavior Checklist from baseline to week 12 (p < 0...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677582/maternal-nicotine-exposure-effects-on-adolescent-learning-and-memory-are-abolished-in-alpha-%C3%AE-2-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-null-mutant-mice
#8
Celina Mojica, Yu Bai, Shahrdad Lotfipour
The objective of the current study is to test the hypothesis that the deletion of alpha(α)2* nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) (encoded by the Chrna2 gene) ablate maternal nicotine-induced learning and memory deficits in adolescent mice. We use a pre-exposure-dependent contextual fear conditioning behavioral paradigm that is highly hippocampus-dependent. Adolescent wild type and α2-null mutant offspring are exposed to vehicle or maternal nicotine exposure (200 μg/ml, expressed as base) in the drinking water throughout pregnancy until weaning...
April 9, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659809/a-new-mouse-model-of-arx-dup24-recapitulates-the-patients-behavioural-and-fine-motor-alterations
#9
Aline Dubos, Hamid Meziane, Giovanni Iacono, Aurore Curie, Fabrice Riet, Christelle Martin, Nadège Loaëc, Marie-Christine Birling, Mohammed Selloum, Elisabeth Normand, Guillaume Pavlovic, Tania Sorg, Henk G Stunnenberg, Jamel Chelly, Yann Humeau, Gaëlle Friocourt, Yann Hérault
The Aristaless-related homeobox (ARX) transcription factor is involved in the development of GABAergic and cholinergic neurons in the forebrain. ARX mutations have been associated with a wide spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders in humans, among which the most frequent, a 24bp duplication in the polyalanine tract 2 (c.428_451dup24), gives rise to intellectual disability, fine motor defects with or without epilepsy. To understand the functional consequences of this mutation, we generated a partially humanized mouse model carrying the c...
April 5, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593205/hypomania-in-bobble-head-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-surgically-treated-stereotypy-and-hypomania
#10
Myong Hun Hahm, Jungmin Woo, Ki Hong Kim
A 22-year-old man was admitted with gradually aggravating stereotypic head movement with hypomania. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed a large suprasellar arachnoid cyst extending into the third ventricle, with obstructive hydrocephalus, characteristic of bobble-head doll syndrome. Endoscopic fenestration of the suprasellar arachnoid cyst was performed. Stereotypic head movement stopped immediately after surgery and hypomanic symptoms gradually improved within a month. During 4 years of follow-up observation without medication, neuropsychiatric symptoms did not relapse...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572651/diazepam-blocks-50-khz-ultrasonic-vocalizations-and-stereotypies-but-not-the-increase-in-locomotor-activity-induced-in-rats-by-amphetamine
#11
Gisele de Oliveira Guaita, Debora Dalla Vecchia, Roberto Andreatini, Donita L Robinson, Rainer K W Schwarting, Claudio Da Cunha
RATIONALE: We have recently shown that the benzodiazepine diazepam inhibits dopamine release in the NAc and blocks the increased release of dopamine induced by DL-amphetamine. Rewarding stimuli and many drugs of abuse can induce dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens as well as 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in rats. OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that diazepam can also block the increase in locomotor activity and USVs elicited by amphetamine...
March 23, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569489/catatonia-stereotypies-mannerisms-and-perseverations
#12
Cornelia Kaufmann, Neelya Agalawatta, Gin S Malhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552077/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-acupuncture-for-the-treatment-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Boram Lee, Jihong Lee, Jin-Hong Cheon, Hyun-Kyung Sung, Seung-Hun Cho, Gyu Tae Chang
Objectives. We aimed to summarize and critically evaluate the available evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods. We searched 13 databases for studies published up to December 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of acupuncture for children with ASD were included. Outcome measures were the overall scores on scales evaluating the core symptoms of ASD and the scores for each symptom, such as social communication ability and skills, stereotypies, language ability, and cognitive function...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548911/involvement-of-gabaergic-bdnf-and-nox-2-mechanisms-in-the-prevention-and-reversal-of-ketamine-induced-schizophrenia-like-behavior-by-morin-in-mice
#14
Benneth Ben-Azu, Adegbuyi Oladele Aderibigbe, Abayomi Mayowa Ajayi, Aya-Ebi Okubo Eneni, Solomon Umukoro, Ezekiel O Iwalewa
GABAergic (Gamma-aminobutyric acid) and neurotrophic derangements have important implication in schizophrenia, a neuropsychiatric disease. Previous studies have shown that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NADPH-oxidase) alters GABAergic and neurotrophic activities via inflammatory and oxidative pathways. Thus, it has been proposed that agents with anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties might be beneficial for the treatment of the disease. Morin is neuroactive bioflavonoid compound, which has been reported to demonstrate antipsychotic and anti-oxidant/anti-inflammatory activities...
March 13, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535027/new-waves-rhythmic-electrical-field-stimulation-systematically-alters-spontaneous-slow-dynamics-across-mouse-neocortex
#15
Anastasia Greenberg, Javad Karimi Abadchi, Clayton T Dickson, Majid H Mohajerani
The signature rhythm of slow-wave forebrain activity is the large amplitude, slow oscillation (SO: ∼1 Hz) made up of alternating synchronous periods of activity and silence at the single cell and network levels. On each wave, the SO originates at a unique location and propagates across the neocortex. Attempts to manipulate SO activity using electrical fields have been shown to entrain cortical networks and enhance memory performance. However, neural activity during this manipulation has remained elusive due to methodological issues in typical electrical recordings...
March 10, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526366/association-between-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-estrogen-receptor-1-2-genes-and-symptomatic-severity-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Hirokazu Doi, Takashi X Fujisawa, Ryoichiro Iwanaga, Junko Matsuzaki, Chisato Kawasaki, Mamoru Tochigi, Tsukasa Sasaki, Nobumasa Kato, Kazuyuki Shinohara
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on etiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have shown strong contribution of hereditary factors. On the basis the heterogeneity in ASD symptoms, it is highly possible that each independent domain of ASD symptom is linked to a different set of genetic risk factors. However, few empirical investigations have been carried out to examine this hypothesis. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in estrogen receptor genes, which several previous studies have identified as potential risk factors of ASD, and the severity of each independent aspect of ASD symptom within an Asian clinical sample...
March 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520737/mps-iiia-mice-acquire-autistic-behaviours-with-age
#17
Adeline A Lau, Sarah J Tamang, Kim M Hemsley
Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type IIIA is an inherited, neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disorder resulting from mutations in the SGSH gene. Consequently, N-sulphoglucosamine sulphohydrolase enzyme activity is reduced resulting in impaired catabolism of heparan sulphate. After an asymptomatic period, patients typically show a progressive loss of cognitive and motor skills, with death often during the second decade of life. The diagnostic criteria of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) include impaired communication and social interactions, as well as displays of repetitive behaviours and fixed interests...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520239/behavioral-phenotyping-of-dopamine-transporter-knockout-rats-compulsive-traits-motor-stereotypies-and-anhedonia
#18
Stefano Cinque, Francesca Zoratto, Anna Poleggi, Damiana Leo, Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino, Renata Tambelli, Enrico Alleva, Raul R Gainetdinov, Giovanni Laviola, Walter Adriani
Alterations in dopamine neurotransmission are generally associated with diseases such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Such diseases typically feature poor decision making and lack of control on executive functions and have been studied through the years using many animal models. Dopamine transporter (DAT) knockout (KO) and heterozygous (HET) mice, in particular, have been widely used to study ADHD. Recently, a strain of DAT KO rats has been developed (1)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519947/acute-hyperkinetic-movement-disorders-in-italian-paediatric-emergency-departments
#19
Umberto Raucci, Pasquale Parisi, Nicola Vanacore, Giacomo Garone, Claudia Bondone, Antonella Palmieri, Lucia Calistri, Agnese Suppiej, Raffaele Falsaperla, Alessandro Capuano, Valentina Ferro, Antonio Francesco Urbino, Ramona Tallone, Alessandra Montemaggi, Stefano Sartori, Piero Pavone, Margherita Mancardi, Federico Melani, Lucrezia Ilvento, Maria Federica Pelizza, Antonino Reale
INTRODUCTION: Limited data exist on epidemiology, clinical presentation and management of acute hyperkinetic movement disorders (AHMD) in paediatric emergency departments (pED). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed a case series of 256 children (aged 2 months to 17 years) presenting with AHMD to the pEDs of six Italian tertiary care hospitals over a 2-year period (January 2012 to December 2013). RESULTS: The most common type of AHMD was tics (44...
March 8, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515093/stereotypy-and-variability-of-social-calls-among-clustering-female-big-footed-myotis-myotis-macrodactylus
#20
Yan-Hong Xiao, Lei Wang, Joseph R Hoyt, Ting-Lei Jiang, Ai-Qing Lin, Jiang Feng
Echolocating bats have developed advanced auditory perception systems, predominantly using acoustic signaling to communicate with each other. They can emit a diverse range of social calls in complex behavioral contexts. This study examined the vocal repertoire of five pregnant big-footed myotis bats (Myotis macrodactylus). In the process of clustering, the last individual to return to the colony (LI) emitted social calls that correlated with behavior, as recorded on a PC-based digital recorder. These last individuals could emit 10 simple monosyllabic and 27 complex multisyllabic types of calls, constituting four types of syllables...
March 18, 2018: Zoological Research
keyword
keyword
15209
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"