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"Medical Writings"

Mohit Joshi, Payal Bhardwaj
Data transparency has been an important aspect of medical research as it helps in enabling evidence-based decisions in medicine which leads to foster trust among the patients and research community alike. Currently, it is one of the key talking points owing to a number of initiatives taken by the pharmaceutical organizations, regulatory bodies, and the other decision enablers of the industry. Thanks to this, there are a number of ways by which a single piece of datum is available through multiple access points, namely, clinical trial disclosures (CTDs), clinical study reports (CSRs), plain language summaries, and scientific publications including abstracts, posters, and manuscripts, to name a few...
January 2018: Perspectives in Clinical Research
Andreas F Mavrogenis, Georgios N Panagopoulos, Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Vassilis N Panagopoulos, Cyril Mauffrey, Andrew Quaile, Marius M Scarlat
Scientific misconduct (fraud) in medical writing is an important and not infrequent problem for the scientific community. Although noteworthy examples of fraud surface occasionally in the media, detection of fraud in medical publishing is generally not as straightforward as one might think. National bodies on ethics in science, strict selection criteria, a robust peer-review process, careful statistical validation, and anti-plagiarism and image-fraud detection software contribute to the production of high-quality manuscripts...
January 25, 2018: Orthopedics
David E Shuttleton
This essay considers why the eighteenth century has particular significance for anyone concerned with the cultural forces necessary to render a disease fashionable. A brief overview of a pervasive cult of sensibility addresses the role of popular medical writing, imaginative literature, and spas in circulating a romanticized model of nervous disorders as signs of intellectual and moral superiority. Attention is drawn to the ambiguity in the term "fashionable" implying "popular," but also something that might be contrived; to what extent were Georgian fashionable diseases merely cultural constructs? Here the medicalization of masturbation suggests a limit-case...
2017: Literature and Medicine
Raju Vaishya, Abhishek Vaish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Roger Collier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Chin Lin, Chia-Jung Hsu, Yu-Sheng Lou, Shih-Jen Yeh, Chia-Cheng Lee, Sui-Lung Su, Hsiang-Cheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Automated disease code classification using free-text medical information is important for public health surveillance. However, traditional natural language processing (NLP) pipelines are limited, so we propose a method combining word embedding with a convolutional neural network (CNN). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the performance of traditional pipelines (NLP plus supervised machine learning models) with that of word embedding combined with a CNN in conducting a classification task identifying International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) diagnosis codes in discharge notes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Ira Mills, Catherine Sheard, Meredith Hays, Kevin Douglas, Christopher C Winchester, William T Gattrell
Background: In articles reporting randomized controlled trials, professional medical writing support is associated with increased adherence to Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT). We set out to determine whether professional medical writing support was also associated with improved adherence to CONSORT for Abstracts. Methods: Using data from a previously published cross-sectional study of 463 articles reporting randomized controlled trials published between 2011 and 2014 in five top medical journals, we determined the association between professional medical writing support and CONSORT for Abstracts items using a Wilcoxon rank-sum test...
2017: F1000Research
O Laccourreye, F Rubin, H Maisonneuve
In this report, the authors analyze the revolutions (journal indexing, structuring of medical writing and reviewing, impact of information technology and transformation of the medical press's business model) that, in a very short space of time, have profoundly affected the world of medical writing, which has now come under the fire of "predatory" journals.
September 12, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Payal Bhardwaj, Sudip Sinha, Raj Kumar Yadav
The Lean Six Sigma methodology for process improvements and driving efficiency is old, but lean writing was adopted late by the pharmaceutical world in terms of size of the documents. The documents were lean earlier, and then became voluminous, and now we are about to complete a full circle in this regard, i.e., coming back to the lean documents again using e-formats and hyperlinking. Furthermore, writing has become more and more precise over time. The need for this lean and mean medical and scientific writing arose from voluminous research globally, both industry and academia which are abuzz with skyrocketing regulatory and scientific submission volumes...
July 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
Deniz Belen
In medical literature various ethnic terms, like Caucasian or Mongolian, are sporadically cited for indicating the relationship between certain disorders and geographical origin of individuals. Few of scientists recognize that those definitions are stemmed from a medical thesis written by the German physician Johann Friedrich Blumenbach in 1775. Through considering cranial shapes, Blumenbach proposed five race varieties including the Caucasian, the Mongolian, the Malayan, the Ethiopian, and the American. While he favored only beauty his contemporaries reclaimed an intellectuality arrangement among those race types and gave the highest credibility to Caucasian, which therefore, besides defining an ethnicity, has conveyed a discriminatory meaning...
June 20, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
Alisha Rankin
This article describes the use of poison trials, in which an animal or a condemned criminal was poisoned, to test antidotes in sixteenth-century Europe. In contrast to most drug testing in medieval and early modern Europe, which was gathered in the normal course of therapeutic experience, the poison trial was a contrived, deliberate event. I argue that poison trials had an important function in both medical testing and medical writing in the period between 1524-1580. While poison trials dated back to antiquity, they tended to be described in medieval texts as theoretical possibilities rather than empirical tests that had already occurred...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Martin Duracinsky, Christophe Lalanne, Laurence Rous, Aichata Fofana Dara, Lesya Baudoin, Claire Pellet, Alexandre Descamps, Fabienne Péretz, Olivier Chassany
BACKGROUND: As publishing is essential but competitive for researchers, difficulties in writing and submitting medical articles to biomedical journals are disabling. The DIAzePAM (Difficultés des Auteurs à la Publication d'Articles Médicaux) survey aimed to assess the difficulties experienced by researchers in the AP-HP (Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, i.e., Paris Hospitals Board, France), the largest public health institution in Europe, when preparing articles for biomedical journals...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Lori Gawdyda, Kimbroe Carter, Mark Willson, Denise Bedford
BACKGROUND: Harold Jeghers, a well-known medical educator of the twentieth century, maintained a print collection of about one million medical articles from the late 1800s to the 1990s. This case study discusses how a print collection of these articles was transformed to a digital database. CASE PRESENTATION: Staff in the Jeghers Medical Index, St. Elizabeth Youngstown Hospital, converted paper articles to Adobe portable document format (PDF)/A-1a files. Optical character recognition was used to obtain searchable text...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
Amy Guo, Alexander Niyazov, Dendy Macaulay, Emi Terasawa, Luke Schmerold, Eric Q Wu, Stephen Krieger
BACKGROUND: While the clinical benefits of dalfampridine extended-release (D-ER) have been established in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) through multiple clinical trials, there is limited real-world data on D-ER use, in particular the persistent use of D-ER, and associated acute care resource utilization and costs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the real-world association of D-ER use and inpatient admissions and costs among patients with MS. METHODS: This study was a retrospective observational claims analysis of the MarketScan database (April 2009-March 2014)...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Rehan Ul Haq, Ish Kumar Dhammi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Steven R Feldman, Yang Zhao, Huanxue Zhou, Vivian Herrera, Haijun Tian, Yunfeng Li
BACKGROUND: Patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis may be treated with above-label doses of biologics in an attempt to optimize outcomes. Dose escalation will have an effect on the cost of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To examine costs related to above-label use of etanercept, adalimumab, and ustekinumab among patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using a large U.S. claims database. Patients were included in the study if they were aged ≥ 18 years with a diagnosis of psoriasis (excluding psoriatic arthritis) and had at least 1 medication fill for etanercept, adalimumab, or ustekinumab between January 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Yong Jin Hong, Sam Hun Park
BACKGROUND: This paper examined the political and social implications of the Compendium de epidemia prescription written by the Masters of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Paris in the mid-14th century during the Black Death. This study aimed to examine how the effects of power as a discourse owned by medical knowledge are revealed. METHODS: This paper outlines the composition of the contents based on the 1888 edition edited and translated by Émile H...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Suhasini Sharma
Pharmaceutical medical writing has grown significantly in India in the last couple of decades. It includes preparing regulatory, safety, and publication documents as well as educational and communication material related to health and health-care products. Medical writing requires medical understanding, knowledge of drug development and the regulatory and safety domains, understanding of research methodologies, and awareness of relevant regulations and guidelines. It also requires the ability to analyze, interpret, and present biomedical scientific data in the required format and good writing skills...
January 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
Abe Fingerhut, Michael G Sarr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Surgery
M Jacob, K S Jacob
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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