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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443620/transforming-patient-compliance-research-in-an-era-of-biomedicalization
#1
Karen Lutfey Spencer
The term patient noncompliance emerged in the 1970s as a tool for analyzing why people do not follow medical directives. Despite its early popularity, the term has languished in sociology while flourishing in biomedical arenas. It seems flaccid in a contemporary healthcare context as it overestimates physician authority and is tone-deaf to biomedicalization. I draw from sociological and anthropological traditions, as well as qualitative interviews with terminally ill patients ( N = 26) and their caregivers ( N = 16), to consider facets of a biomedicalized health experience and implications for an updated vision of compliance...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412399/-legitimacy-and-non-legitimacy-of-experiences-of-long-term-suffering-and-illness
#2
Ana Maria Canesqui
This paper discusses the legitimacy and non-legitimacy of selected experiences of long-term illness and suffering, which are, or are not, considered diseases by medical diagnoses, such as pain, chronic fatigue, and "high blood pressure" using international and national sociological and anthropological research in health. It explores their implications, reflexes and ambiguities for the identity, moral and physical suffering perceived by the subjects and in their relationship with others and with the health services...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409982/understanding-cancer-and-its-treatment-in-thai-traditional-medicine-an-ethnopharmacological-anthropological-investigation
#3
Natchagorn Lumlerdkij, Jaturapat Tantiwongse, Suksalin Booranasubkajorn, Ranida Boonrak, Pravit Akarasereenont, Tawee Laohapand, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Thai traditional medicine (TTM) is widely practiced in Thailand and continues to gain importance in cancer management, but little is known about the TTM practitioners' emic concepts and practice. AIM OF THE STUDY: With this study we firstly aim to document the practice of cancer treatment and prevention by TTM practitioners and, secondly, to evaluate how such traditional concepts and practices are correlated with biomedical ones. This in turn can form the basis for developing novel strategies for designing pharmacological experiments and longer term strategies to develop TTM practice...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398656/anthropologia-an-almost-forgotten-early-modern-history
#4
Tricia M Ross
Approximately thirty almost entirely overlooked books appeared in Europe between 1500 and 1700 that include the word anthropologia in their titles. At first glance, the content of these works bears no resemblance to anthropology as we think of it. They present a combination of medieval traditions, cutting-edge medical practices, and evolving natural philosophical and theological systems found in universities of all confessions across Europe. But these largely overlooked sources reveal that the disciplines we use to study ourselves may have developed from an intertwined natural philosophical and religious system...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384733/prevalence-of-agenesis-of-frontal-sinus-in-human-skulls-with-metopism
#5
L Batista Sandre, M B Viandelli Mundim-Picoli, F Fortes Picoli, L G Rodrigues, J M Bueno, R Ferreira da Silva
BACKGROUND: The frontal bone is an anatomical structure of the skull separated by the metopic suture in the childhood. The scientific literature indicates that metopic suture consolidates with closure in the early stages of life. Metopism is the term used to describe a metopic suture that persists up to the adulthood. Persistent metopic suture is associated potentially with the agenesis of the frontal sinus. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of absent frontal sinuses in dry skulls with metopism...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360871/dealing-with-taste-and-smell-alterations-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-people-treated-for-lung-cancer
#6
Kerstin Belqaid, Carol Tishelman, Ylva Orrevall, Eva Månsson-Brahme, Britt-Marie Bernhardson
Taste and smell alterations have been recognized as common symptoms in relation to various cancers. However, previous research suggests that patients do not receive sufficient support in managing taste and smell alterations. Therefore, the objective of this study is to investigate how persons with experience from lung cancer-related taste and smell alterations reason about resources and strategies offered and used to manage these symptoms. Data from semi-structured individual interviews with 13 women and four men were analyzed with qualitative content analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357855/a-qualitative-study-of-culturally-embedded-factors-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use
#7
Szilvia Zörgő, György Purebl, Ágnes Zana
BACKGROUND: Within the intercultural milieu of medical pluralism, a nexus of worldviews espousing distinct explanatory models of illness, our research aims at exploring factors leading to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use with special attention to their cultural context. METHODS: The results are based on medical anthropological fieldwork (participant observation and in-depth interviews) spanning a period from January 2015 to May 2017 at four clinics of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Budapest, Hungary...
January 22, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356066/the-morality-of-disordered-eating-and-recovery-in-southern-italy
#8
Ann M Cheney, Steve Sullivan, Kathleen Grubbs
Scholars have traced the processes through which moral subjectivities are constituted in culturally meaningful ways through eating disorder and recovery practices, demonstrating how subjective meanings of eating disorders and recovery from them are imbued with moral undertones and become meaningful ways of existing within specific historical and cultural contexts. Drawing on ethnographic insights and interviews with young women with disordered eating histories in southern Italy, we show how suffering from eating disorders and recovery from them enables women to retool their identities and craft moral selves...
January 22, 2018: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340513/-family-networks-and-the-role-of-men-in-maternal-health-care-among-mexican-indigenous-women
#9
Lina Rosa Berrio Palomo
This article reflects on maternal mortality among indigenous women in Mexico and the changes that have occurred in care practices during pregnancy and childbirth. Through ethnographic qualitative research in the state of Guerrero between 2008 and 2012, which included over a year of fieldwork as well as in-depth interviews and surveys with indigenous women, the article analyzes the increasing medicalization of reproduction, the role of family networks in gestation, delivery and postpartum care, and the participation of men during childbirth, in dialogue with other anthropological research on maternal health in Mexico...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319715/identification-and-return-of-a-skull-from-tasmania-in-the-berlin-anatomical-collection
#10
Andreas Winkelmann, Barbara Teßmann
Following a request by the Australian government, human remains of Australian origin were identified in the anatomical collection of Charité, the medical faculty of Berlin. We initiated an interdisciplinary provenance research on such remains to ensure their identity, elucidate their history, and prepare for a possible return to Australia. Here, we present results regarding a skull in the collection labeled as stemming from Tasmania. The non-invasive anthropological investigation revealed the skull to stem from a girl of about 15 years of age who most likely died of a massive otitis/petrositis with subsequent meningitis...
December 7, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313099/genetic-variation-and-forensic-characterization-of-highland-tibetan-ethnicity-reveled-by-autosomal-str-markers
#11
Guanglin He, Zheng Wang, Yongdong Su, Xing Zou, Mengge Wang, Jing Liu, Yiping Hou
Understanding the origin and genetic background of Chinese high-altitude Tibetans play a pivotal role in medical genetics, archeology, anthropology, and forensics. In this study, to investigate the forensic characterization and genetic diversity of Chinese Tibetan, allele frequencies and corresponding forensic statistical parameters of 15 autosomal STRs included in the AmpFℓSTR® Sinofiler™ kit were obtained from 1220 Tibetan individuals residing in Lhasa country, Tibet Autonomous Region. We identified 191 alleles with corresponding allele frequencies varied from 0...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283034/-the-fragile-medical-the-slippery-terrain-between-medicine-anthropology-and-societies
#12
Ingrid Sykes, Harish Naraindas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278836/the-fibularis-digiti-quinti-tendon-a-cadaveric-study-with-anthropological-and-clinical-considerations
#13
Morgan E Chaney, Tung V Dao, Benjamin S Brechtel, Stephanie J Belovich, Kathy J Siesel, John R Fredieu
In addition to the fibularis longus and brevis muscles, a number of anomalous muscles or tendons can arise from the lateral compartment of the leg. The authors describe a bilateral and robust fibularis digiti quinti (FDQ) tendon present in the foot of a 99-year-old female cadaver, present the incidence of this tendon in a cohort of 26 cadavers dissected by podiatric-medical students for a lower-extremity anatomy course, and discuss the anthropological and clinical significance of the findings. In these specimen, the FDQ tendon arose from the fibularis brevis tendon proximal to the lateral malleolus, but did not separate completely from the fibularis brevis tendon until passing through the inferior fibular retinaculum...
December 5, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278649/citrate-content-of-bone-as-a-measure-of-postmortem-interval-an-external-validation-study
#14
Michael A Brown, Ann W Bunch, Charles Froome, Rebecca Gerling, Shawn Hennessy, Jeffrey Ellison
The postmortem interval (PMI) of skeletal remains is a crucial piece of information that can help establish the time dimension in criminal cases. Unfortunately, the accurate and reliable determination of PMI from bone continues to evade forensic investigators despite concerted efforts over the past decades to develop suitable qualitative and quantitative methods. A relatively new PMI method based on the analysis of citrate content of bone was developed by Schwarcz et al. The main objective of our research was to determine whether this work could be externally validated...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221651/-the-myth-of-virgin-cleansing-latest-news-on-an-archaic-magico-religious-practice
#15
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, L Brun, V Hoang-Oppermann, S Deo, Y Mostefai-Dulac, M-F Mamzer, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: In the medical anthropology section of the Nanterre Hospital (France) for migrants and refugees, three cases were recorded of "virgin cleansing" in sub-Saharan African countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: These consisted of sexual assaults (2 instances of rape and 1 of sexual interference) on sexually immature females (young girls) by patients with sexually transmitted infections (mainly HIV, syphilis) hoping they might thereby be cured. DISCUSSION: These particularly atrocious hetero-aggressive sexual practices based on magical arguments are unfortunately universal and are not limited to a specific culture...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188349/-understanding-in-psychiatry-part%C3%A2-2-from-incomprehensibility-to-an-attitude-of-participative-communication
#16
REVIEW
J Valdés-Stauber
BACKGROUND: Starting from a systematic research of "incomprehensibility" we propose a turn from an epistemological analysis of "to understand" to an anthropological perspective relying on participative communication in a shared space of resonance. METHOD: We propose a systematization of the modes of understanding and of incomprehensibility based on a two-dimensional model combining epistemological and ontological perspectives. Finally, we outline "understanding" as a medical stance related to the healing relationship, which implies a disposition to get involved in a participative communication...
November 29, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180138/estimation-of-sex-in-a-contemporary-saudi-population-based-on-sternal-measurements-using-multidetector-computed-tomography
#17
A A Ahmed, F O Alshammari, A S Alrafiaah, A A Almohaisani, O A Al-Mohrej, F O Alkubaidan
Sex estimation is an essential step for identifying unknown individuals and usually depends on the presence of highly dimorphic bones, such as the pelvis and skull. Nevertheless, the body integrity can be compromised in certain circumstances, and these bones might be absent; therefore, the ability to use other bones for sex estimation is crucial. The aims of this study were to collect baseline data for sternal dimensions in Saudi adults, assess the existence of sexual dimorphism in the sternum, and generate population-specific equations to estimate sex using sternal dimensions...
November 7, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177389/-between-the-acclimatization-to-high-altitude-the-medical-anthropology-and-the-civilizing-utopia-mapping-of-the-evolution-of-thought-of-carlos-monge-medrano-on-the-health-illness-process-of-andean-populations
#18
Juan P Murillo
The main objective of this study is to describe how the ideas of Carlos Monge respect to high altitude sickness developed and how these were being deployed in the framework of the discussions on the living conditions of indigenous populations in the period 1928-1963. I postulate that the form how the Monge's paradigm was proposed, the tensions produced by various alternative movements and the way these contradictions were resolved were central, both for the subsequent development of different scientific disciplines and for their different institutional expressions in Peru...
April 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165562/the-diversity-of-recent-and-ancient-human-dream-a-new-microarray-for-genetic-anthropology-and-genealogy-forensics-and-personalized-medicine
#19
Eran Elhaik, Leeban Yusuf, Ainan I J Anderson, Mehdi Pirooznia, Dimitrios Arnellos, Gregory Vilshansky, Gunes Ercal, Yontao Lu, Teresa Webster, Michael L Baird, Umberto Esposito
The human population displays wide variety in demographic history, ancestry, content of DNA derived from hominins or ancient populations, adaptation, traits, copy number variation (CNVs), drug response, and more. These polymorphisms are of broad interest to population geneticists, forensics investigators, and medical professionals. Historically, much of that knowledge was gained from population survey projects. While many commercial arrays exist for genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping, their design specifications are limited and they do not allow a full exploration of biodiversity...
November 20, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155976/description-of-a-mass-poisoning-in-a-rural-district-in-mozambique-the-first-documented-bongkrekic-acid-poisoning-in-africa
#20
Eduardo Samo Gudo, Kyla Cook, Amelia M Kasper, Alfredo Vergara, Cristolde Salomão, Fernanda Oliveira, Hamida Ismael, Cristovão Saeze, Carla Mosse, Quinhas Fernandes, Sofia Omar Viegas, Cynthia S Baltazar, Timothy J Doyle, Ellen Yard, Alaina Steck, Mayda Serret, Travis M Falconer, Sara E Kern, Jennifer L Brzezinski, James A Turner, Brian L Boyd, Ilesh V Jani
Background: On January 9, 2015, in a rural town in Mozambique, over 230 people became sick and 75 died from an illness linked to drinking pombe, a traditional alcoholic beverage. Methods: An investigation was conducted to identify cases and determine the cause of the outbreak. A case was defined as any resident of Chitima who developed any new or unexplained neurologic, gastrointestinal, or cardiovascular symptom from January 9 at 6:00 a.m. through January 12. We conducted medical record reviews; healthcare worker and community surveys; anthropological and toxicological investigations of local medicinal plants and commercial pesticides; and laboratory testing of the suspect and control pombe...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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