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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221651/-the-myth-of-virgin-cleansing-latest-news-on-an-archaic-magico-religious-practice
#1
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, L Brun, V Hoang-Oppermann, S Deo, Y Mostefai-Dulac, M-F Mamzer, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: In the medical anthropology section of the Nanterre Hospital (France) for migrants and refugees, three cases were recorded of "virgin cleansing" in sub-Saharan African countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: These consisted of sexual assaults (2 instances of rape and 1 of sexual interference) on sexually immature females (young girls) by patients with sexually transmitted infections (mainly HIV, syphilis) hoping they might thereby be cured. DISCUSSION: These particularly atrocious hetero-aggressive sexual practices based on magical arguments are unfortunately universal and are not limited to a specific culture...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188349/-understanding-in-psychiatry-part%C3%A2-2-from-incomprehensibility-to-an-attitude-of-participative-communication
#2
REVIEW
J Valdés-Stauber
BACKGROUND: Starting from a systematic research of "incomprehensibility" we propose a turn from an epistemological analysis of "to understand" to an anthropological perspective relying on participative communication in a shared space of resonance. METHOD: We propose a systematization of the modes of understanding and of incomprehensibility based on a two-dimensional model combining epistemological and ontological perspectives. Finally, we outline "understanding" as a medical stance related to the healing relationship, which implies a disposition to get involved in a participative communication...
November 29, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180138/estimation-of-sex-in-a-contemporary-saudi-population-based-on-sternal-measurements-using-multidetector-computed-tomography
#3
A A Ahmed, F O Alshammari, A S Alrafiaah, A A Almohaisani, O A Al-Mohrej, F O Alkubaidan
Sex estimation is an essential step for identifying unknown individuals and usually depends on the presence of highly dimorphic bones, such as the pelvis and skull. Nevertheless, the body integrity can be compromised in certain circumstances, and these bones might be absent; therefore, the ability to use other bones for sex estimation is crucial. The aims of this study were to collect baseline data for sternal dimensions in Saudi adults, assess the existence of sexual dimorphism in the sternum, and generate population-specific equations to estimate sex using sternal dimensions...
November 7, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177389/-between-the-acclimatization-to-high-altitude-the-medical-anthropology-and-the-civilizing-utopia-mapping-of-the-evolution-of-thought-of-carlos-monge-medrano-on-the-health-illness-process-of-andean-populations
#4
Juan P Murillo
The main objective of this study is to describe how the ideas of Carlos Monge respect to high altitude sickness developed and how these were being deployed in the framework of the discussions on the living conditions of indigenous populations in the period 1928-1963. I postulate that the form how the Monge's paradigm was proposed, the tensions produced by various alternative movements and the way these contradictions were resolved were central, both for the subsequent development of different scientific disciplines and for their different institutional expressions in Peru...
April 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165562/the-diversity-of-recent-and-ancient-human-dream-a-new-microarray-for-genetic-anthropology-and-genealogy-forensics-and-personalized-medicine
#5
Eran Elhaik, Leeban Yusuf, Ainan I J Anderson, Mehdi Pirooznia, Dimitrios Arnellos, Gregory Vilshansky, Gunes Ercal, Yontao Lu, Teresa Webster, Michael L Baird, Umberto Esposito
The human population displays wide variety in demographic history, ancestry, content of DNA derived from hominins or ancient populations, adaptation, traits, copy number variation (CNVs), drug response, and more. These polymorphisms are of broad interest to population geneticists, forensics investigators, and medical professionals. Historically, much of that knowledge was gained from population survey projects. While many commercial arrays exist for genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping, their design specifications are limited and they do not allow a full exploration of biodiversity...
November 20, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155976/description-of-a-mass-poisoning-in-a-rural-district-in-mozambique-the-first-documented-bongkrekic-acid-poisoning-in-africa
#6
Eduardo Samo Gudo, Kyla Cook, Amelia M Kasper, Alfredo Vergara, Cristolde Salomão, Fernanda Oliveira, Hamida Ismael, Cristovão Saeze, Carla Mosse, Quinhas Fernandes, Sofia Omar Viegas, Cynthia S Baltazar, Timothy J Doyle, Ellen Yard, Alaina Steck, Mayda Serret, Travis M Falconer, Sara E Kern, Jennifer L Brzezinski, James A Turner, Brian L Boyd, Ilesh V Jani
Background: On January 9, 2015, in a rural town in Mozambique, over 230 people became sick and 75 died from an illness linked to drinking pombe, a traditional alcoholic beverage. Methods: An investigation was conducted to identify cases and determine the cause of the outbreak. A case was defined as any resident of Chitima who developed any new or unexplained neurologic, gastrointestinal, or cardiovascular symptom from January 9 at 6:00 a.m. through January 12. We conducted medical record reviews; healthcare worker and community surveys; anthropological and toxicological investigations of local medicinal plants and commercial pesticides; and laboratory testing of the suspect and control pombe...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#7
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083090/concept-analysis-of-cancer-survivorship-and-contributions-to-oncological-nursing
#8
Rafaela Azevedo Abrantes de Oliveira, Vander Monteiro da Conceição, Jeferson Santos Araujo, Márcia Maria Fontão Zago
AIM: This study aims to analyse the concept of cancer survivorship using Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis model. BACKGROUND: The lack of a consensus definition as well as the confusion and debate concerning the definitions of "survivor" and "cancer survivorship" hinder an understanding of the intrinsic needs associated with the latter. DESIGN: Concept analysis. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed using the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, LILACS, and PsycINFO with studies published between 2000 and 2014...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081571/beyond-multispecies-ethnography-engaging-with-violence-and-animal-rights-in-anthropology
#9
REVIEW
Helen Kopnina
Anthropologists have mediated between discriminated communities and outsiders, helping to influence public opinion through advocacy work. But can anthropological advocacy be applied to the case of violence against nonhumans? Ethical inquiries in anthropology also engage with the manifold ways through which human and nonhuman lives are entangled and emplaced within wider ecological relationships, converging in the so-called multispecies ethnography, but failing to account for exploitation. Reflecting on this omission, this article discusses the applicability of engaged anthropology to the range of issues from the use of nonhumans in medical experimentation and food production industry, to habitat destruction, and in broader contexts involving violence against nonhumans...
September 2017: Critique of Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068813/the-shared-goals-and-distinct-strengths-of-the-medical-humanities-can-the-sum-of-the-parts-be-greater-than-the-whole
#10
Jeremy A Greene, David S Jones
Since the 1960s, faculty from diverse fields have banded together under the banner of the medical humanities, a term which unites art, literature, history, anthropology, religious studies, philosophy, and other disciplines. Arguments for the relevance of medical humanities often emphasize contributions that any of these disciplines can make to medical education, whether those involve empathy, professionalism, critical reasoning, or tolerating ambiguity. The authors argue that the constituent disciplines of the medical humanities are not interchangeable parts, but represent different perspectives and methodologies that offer their own distinct contributions to medical training...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065282/does-facial-attractiveness-influence-perception-of-epilepsy-diagnosis-an-insight-into-stigma-in-epilepsy
#11
Aleksandar J Ristić, Olja Jovanović, Dragan Popadić, Višnja Pađen, Ahsan N V Moosa, Ana Krivokapić, Aleksandra Parojčić, Ivana Berisavac, Andrej Ilanković, Vladimir Baščarević, Nikola Vojvodić, Dragoslav Sokić
BACKGROUND: Using a group of young healthy individuals and patients with multiple sclerosis (pMS), we aimed to investigate whether the physical attractiveness judgment affects perception of epilepsy. We tested hypothesis that subjects, in the absence of relevant clues, would catch upon the facial attractiveness when asked to speculate which person suffers epilepsy and select less attractive choices. METHOD: Two photo-arrays (7 photos for each gender) selected from the Chicago Face Database (180 neutral faces of Caucasian volunteers with unknown medical status) were shown to study participants...
October 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993149/relationship-of-blood-pressure-and-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-without-previously-diagnosed-hypertension
#12
Arto Heikkilä, Antti Kaipia, Maarit Venermo, Hannu Kautiainen, Päivi Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the most common male sexual disorder that affects all age groups and has a close association with essential hypertension. AIM: To characterize the relation of blood pressure and ED in detail. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study of 45- to 70-year-old men without previously diagnosed hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, renal disease, or diabetes was conducted from 2005 to 2007 in southwestern Finland...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988068/decapitation-in-reality-and-fine-art-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Valentina Nikolić, Slobodan Savić, Vaso Antunović, Slobodan Marinković, Charlotte Andrieux, Irina Tomić
The aim of our study was to examine all types of decapitation from forensic literature, including our own case, and to analyze the presentation of beheading in fine art, popular literature, and music. To do this, over 200 scientific articles in regard to decapitation were analyzed, as well as more than 10,000 artworks, and several hundreds of literary works and music pieces. In addition, a macroscopic examination of a decapitated victim was performed. Finally, a multislice computerized tomography (MSCT) examination of the cervical spine in two live volunteers was undertaken to present the osteological relationships...
September 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980733/living-the-social-determinants-of-health-assemblages-in-a-remote-aboriginal-community
#14
Richard D Chenhall, Kate Senior
This article provides a critical discussion of the social determinants of health framework and compares it with theoretical perspectives, such as that offered by assemblage theory, offering an alternative view of the complex interplay between human relationships and the structures around us. We offer an ethnographic perspective, discussing the lived experiences of the social determinants in an Indigenous community in a remote part of northern Australia. [Indigenous health, social determinants of health, assemblages, ethnography, medical anthropology] This article is protected by copyright...
October 5, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944604/the-social-practice-of-medical-guanxi-personal-connections-and-patient-physician-trust-in-china-an-anthropological-and-ethical-tsudy
#15
Xiang Zou, Yu Cheng, Jing-Bao Nie
In China's healthcare sector, a popular and socio-culturally distinctive phenomenon known as guanxi jiuyi (medical guanxi), whereby patients draw on their guanxi (personal connections) with physicians when seeking healthcare, is thriving. Integrating anthropological investigation with normative inquiry, this paper examines medical guanxi through the lens of patient-physician trust and mistrust. The first-hand empirical data acquired - on the lived experiences and perspectives of both patients and physicians - is based on six months' fieldwork carried out in a county hospital in Guangdong, southern China, which included in-depth interviews with 20 patients and 20 medical professionals...
September 25, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937058/epidemiology-of-human-leukocyte-antigens-among-omani-population
#16
Issa Al Salmi, Abdul Massiah Metry, Faisal Al Ismaili, Alan Hola, Faissal Shaheen, Hana Fakhoury, Suad Hannawi
Oman is located on the Southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and its population has high levels of consanguinity. Human leukocytic antigen (HLA) typing analysis in human population holds unexploited potential for elucidating the genetic causes of human disease and possibly leads to personalized medicine. This is a retrospective, descriptive study evaluating HLA frequencies of Omani individuals who underwent workup for kidney transplantation at the Royal Hospital (RH) from 2005 to 2016. Data on 870 subjects were collected from the Oman kidney transplant registry at RH as well from electronic medical record system...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929946/egalitarian-from-homophile-to-helicophile-in-post-ww2-america
#17
Diederik F Janssen
The presidency of gender in the Anglo-American taxonomy of sexualities has historically been haunted by the irruption of "other" parameters of medicalization, censure and caesura, not in the least absolute and relative measures of age. Where today's clinical psychologists feel the need to age-specify adult homosexuality in such Hirschfeldian terms as androphilia, however, the felt need is indeed still essentially clinical. That cosmopolitan expressions such as homosexual, LGB or queer rarely require such specifications relies on a protracted and today arguably complete disarticulation of sex/gender and age/maturity as parameters of sexual orientation, accreditation and mobilization...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912613/is-medicine-losing-its-way-a-firm-foundation-for-medicine-as-a-real-therapeia
#18
Willem Jacobus Cardinal Eijk
Is medicine losing its way? This question may seem to imply a serious warning, one needing a further explanation. What I mean to say by the title of this paper is that we can detect an undeniable shift in medicine in the last forty to fifty years. Medicine used to focus on what we call "health care" in a classical sense, that is, the treatment of people suffering from diseases, injuries or handicaps, or the alleviation of pain and other symptoms. In addition to this, in the last half century, it has begun to offer more and more treatments aiming to perfect the qualities of people who are otherwise healthy...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893102/imaging-and-imagining-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-uruguayans-draw-their-lungs
#19
Megan Wainwright
PURPOSE: This anthropological study investigated what people imagined chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to look like in their lungs, what may be influencing these images and how this imagery shapes embodiment. METHOD: Employing graphic elicitation, in one of multiple ethnographic interviews, participants were asked to draw their lungs: "If we could look inside your chest now, what would we see?" Lung drawings and accompanying narratives and fieldnotes from 14 participants were analyzed for themes and patterns...
September 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880578/correction-to-counting-bodies-on-future-engagements-with-science-studies-in-medical-anthropology
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
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