keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nutrition and infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822242/mucosal-immunity-of-the-postpartum-bovine-genital-tract
#1
REVIEW
Dinesh Dadarwal, Colin Palmer, Philip Griebel
In this review, mucosal immune defense mechanisms used to control infections in the bovine genital tract (vestibule, vagina, cervix, uterus and oviduct) during the postpartum period are reviewed. Knowledge gaps are highlighted to emphasize the need for further investigations. Physical barriers to the entry of microbes include vulvar sealing, vestibule-vaginal constriction, a narrow cervical opening and the mucosal epithelium along with the overlying mucus layer. Genital tract mucosal epithelial cells recognize damage-associated molecular patterns and pathogen-associated molecular patterns and respond by secreting antimicrobial peptides and cytokines to recruit and activate immune cells...
August 10, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820648/natural-bioactive-food-components-for-improving-enteral-tube-feeding-tolerance-in-adult-patient-populations
#2
Adam J Kuchnia, Beth Conlon, Norman Greenberg
Tube feeding (TF) is the most common form of nutrition support. In recent years, TF administration has increased among patient populations within and outside hospital settings, in part due to greater insurance coverage, reduced use of parenteral nutrition, and improved formularies suitable for sole source nutrition. With increasing life expectancy and improved access to TFs, the number of adults dependent on enteral nutrition is expected to grow. However, enteral TF intolerance (ETFI) is the most common complication of TFs, typically presenting with at least 1 adverse gastrointestinal event, including nausea, diarrhea, and constipation...
August 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819616/maternal-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-cleft-lip-and-cleft-palate-in-mexico-a-case-control-study
#3
Emmanuel Angulo-Castro, Luis F Acosta-Alfaro, Alma M Guadron-Llanos, Adrian Canizalez-Román, Fernando Gonzalez-Ibarra, Ignacio Osuna-Ramírez, Joel Murillo-Llanes
INTRODUCTION: Cleft lip and palate, the most common developmental deformity, is seen worldwide and the etiology involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the maternal risk factors associated with the development of cleft lip and cleft palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a case control study at the Women's Hospital in Culiacan, Mexico. Medical records were analyzed, including patients who delivered babies with and without cleft lip and cleft palate from January 2010 to December 2015...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819541/mortality-among-5-17-year-old-children-in-kenya
#4
Bonface Ombaba Osano, Fred Were, Shanaaz Mathews
INTRODUCTION: Global mortality trends have changed over time and are expected to continue changing with a reduction in communicable diseases and an increase of non-communicable disease. Increased survival of children beyond five years may change mortality patterns for these children. There are few studies in Africa that explore the causes of mortality in children over five years. The objective of this study was to determine the mortality rate and clinical profiles of children aged 5-17 years who died in six Kenyan hospitals in 2013...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814767/application-of-the-onodera-prognostic-nutrition-index-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-risk-evaluation-of-postoperative-complications-in-crohn-s-disease
#5
Wei-Ming Kang, Chang-Zhen Zhu, Xiao-Xu Yang, Jian-Chun Yu, Zhi-Qiang Ma, Xin Ye, Kang Li, Dong Liu
This study aimed to investigate application of Onodera prognostic nutrition index (OPNI) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in evaluating risk of postoperative complications in Crohn's disease (CD). Clinical data of 108 postoperative CD patients in 9 years were respectively reviewed. OPNI and NLR were within 1 week preoperatively. Average OPNI was 38.8 ± 8.2 and significantly lower in patients with: CD type B3; lymphopenia; decreased haemoglobin, prealbumin, and albumin; and daily enteral nutrition <500 kcal/d...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810870/vector-borne-and-zoonotic-diseases-of-dogs-in-north-west-new-south-wales-and-the-northern-territory-australia
#6
Amanda J Shapiro, Graeme Brown, Jacqueline M Norris, Katrina L Bosward, Debbie J Marriot, Nandhakumar Balakrishnan, Edward B Breitschwerdt, Richard Malik
BACKGROUND: Vector-borne diseases of dogs in Australian Aboriginal communities are relatively unexplored. These dogs represent a unique group with variable ecto- and endo-parasitic burdens, nutritional stresses and a general lack of veterinary intervention. We investigated haemoprotozoal and bacterial pathogen prevalences in relation to erythrocyte and platelet numbers in dogs from North-West New South Wales (N-W NSW) and the Northern Territory (NT; Central Australia). METHODS: Real-time PCR (qPCR) amplification of Anaplasma platys, Babesia vogeli, Mycoplasma haemocanis, Candidatus Mycoplasma haematoparvum and Bartonella spp...
August 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810801/may-dietary-supplementation-augment-respiratory-burst-in-wound-site-inflammatory-cells
#7
Amitava Das, Ryan Dickerson, Piya Das Ghatak, Gayle Gordillo, Scott Chaffee, Abhijoy Saha, Savita Khanna, Sashwati Roy
Persistent infection contributes to wound chronicity. At the wound-site, NADPH oxidase activity in immune cells fights infection to enable the healing process. Fermented Papaya Preparation (FPP) is a carbohydrate-rich nutritional supplement that has demonstrated ability to bolster respiratory burst in experimental rodent systems. In FPP, glucose co-exists with fructose and maltose in addition to multiple other sugar alcohols such as inositol. We have previously reported that FPP supplementation augments wound healing in diabetic mice via improvement of respiratory-burst activity of wound innate immune cells...
August 16, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808780/non-cns-pathogenic-origin-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Humdoon Choudhry, Lawrence C Perlmuter
The gut with its variety of microbiota may serve as an etiological origin of diseases. Gut microbes may also play a role in the pathogenesis of diseases beyond their simple nutritional maintenance and support. For example, gut protein aggregation, possibly aided by microbes as well as nasal influences, might be linked to disease that may move to the brain through the vagus nerve. To this end, Braak has offered a "dual-hit" hypothesis that proposes a novel etiology for Parkinson's disease (PD). The hypothesis places the initial origin of the disease in the nose and the gastrointestinal tract (GI) after infection by an unknown pathogen that could aggregate in the gut and then eventually spread to the brain via the autonomic plexuses...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807756/first-time-identification-of-acanthamoeba-genotypes-in-the-cornea-samples-of-wild-birds-is-acanthamoeba-keratitis-making-the-predatory-birds-a-target
#9
Muhammet Karakavuk, Mehmet Aykur, Esra Atalay Şahar, Mehmet Karakuş, Duygu Aldemir, Ömer Döndüren, Hüseyin Gökhan Özdemir, Hüseyin Can, Adnan Yüksel Gürüz, Hande Dağcı, Mert Döşkaya
Acanthamoeba is a free-living amoeba which can be isolated from environment and among others well known as an opportunist protozoan parasite causing infections in humans and animals. Eyes are extremely important for the wild birds and losing sight ability due to Acanthamoeba can be dangerous. The studies on Acanthamoeba infection in wild birds is very few in world and Turkey therefore we aimed to screen deceased wild birds found in İzmir and Manisa provinces located in western Turkey using PCR and non-nutrition agar (NNA) plate method...
August 11, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807415/the-impact-of-seismic-air-gun-exposure-on-the-haemolymph-physiology-and-nutritional-condition-of-spiny-lobster-jasus-edwardsii
#10
Quinn P Fitzgibbon, Ryan D Day, Robert D McCauley, Cedric J Simon, Jayson M Semmens
There is a critical knowledge gap regarding the impacts of seismic air gun signals on the physiology of adult crustaceans. We conducted four controlled field experiments to examine the impact of seismic acoustic signals on spiny lobster, Jasus edwardsii. Seismic air gun exposure suppressed total haemocyte count (THC) for up to 120days post-exposure, suggesting a chronic negative impact of immune competency. THC levels after 365days post-exposure, were elevated two fold, potentially indicating an immune response to infection...
August 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807407/infrarenal-aorta-as-the-donor-site-for-bypasses-to-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-for-chronic-mesenteric-ischemia-a-prospective-clinical-series-of-24-patients
#11
Giulio Illuminati, Giulia Pizzardi, Francesco G Calio', Rocco Pasqua, Federica Masci, Francesco Vietri
BACKGROUND: Treatment of symptomatic, chronic mesenteric ischemia is indicated to relieve symptoms and prevent acute ischemia and death. Current therapeutic options include endovascular and open surgery. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the results of bypasses to the superior mesenteric artery arising from the infrarenal aorta or infrarenal aortic grafts. METHODS: From January 1999 to December 2016, 24 consecutive patients with a mean age of 61 years underwent a prosthetic bypass to the superior mesenteric artery...
August 11, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807074/a-model-to-predict-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-among-patients-with-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-the-mpc-score
#12
Erica Herc, Payal Patel, Laraine L Washer, Anna Conlon, Scott A Flanders, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are associated with central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). However, no tools to predict risk of PICC-CLABSI have been developed. OBJECTIVE To operationalize or prioritize CLABSI risk factors when making decisions regarding the use of PICCs using a risk model to estimate an individual's risk of PICC-CLABSI prior to device placement. METHODS Using data from the Michigan Hospital Medicine Safety consortium, patients that experienced PICC-CLABSI between January 2013 and October 2016 were identified...
August 15, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806489/characteristics-of-spontaneous-births-attended-by-midwives-and-physicians-in-us-hospitals-in-2014
#13
Patrick Thornton
INTRODUCTION: This study compares characteristics and birth outcomes of women attended by certified nurse-midwives/certified midwives (midwives) and physicians in US hospitals in 2014. METHODS: Data reported in 2014 on the 2003 version of the US birth certificate were examined. Spontaneous vaginal births attributed to midwives and physicians and occurring in hospitals were included. Demographic and risk profiles and adjusted odds ratios for maternal and newborn outcomes were compared by provider type...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803460/-gastrostomy-tubes-indications-and-infectious-complications-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#14
M J Muñoz-Dávila, J M Xandri Ruipera, G Yagüe Guirao, C Salvador García, M Segovia Hernández
OBJECTIVE: Gastrostomy tube is the best option for long-term enteral nutrition. Among its limitations, infections represent the most frequent minor complication. Our aim is the knowledge of the number and type of gastrostomy tubes and its main indication in our hospital. In addition, prevalence of infectious complications was studied paying attention to the main etiologic agents and their antibiotic susceptibility. METHODS: Observational retrospective study from January 2010 to July 2015 through the electronic clinical history and the clinical microbiology laboratory software...
August 14, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802983/systemic-and-local-management-of-burn-wounds
#15
REVIEW
Alessio Vigani, Christine A Culler
Management of severe burn injury (SBI) requires prompt, complex, and aggressive care. Despite major advances in the management of SBI-including patient-targeted resuscitation, management of inhalation injuries, specific nutritional support, enhanced wound therapy, and infection control-the consequences of SBI often result in complex, multiorgan metabolic changes. Consensus guidelines and clinical evidence regarding specific management of small animal burn patients are lacking. This article aims to review updated therapeutic consideration for the systemic and local management of SBI that are proven effective to optimize outcomes in human burn patients and may translate to small animal patients...
August 9, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802841/effects-of-symbiotic-status-on-cellular-immunity-dynamics-in-sitophilus-oryzae
#16
Sergio López-Madrigal, Justin Maire, Séverine Balmand, Anna Zaidman-Rémy, Abdelaziz Heddi
Many insects maintain intracellular symbiosis with mutualistic bacteria that improve their adaptive capabilities in nutritionally poor habitats. Adaptation of insect immune systems to such associations has been shown in several symbiotic consortia, including that of the rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae with the gammaproteobacterium Sodalis pierantonius. Although authors have mostly focused on the role of humoral immunity in host-symbiont interactions, recent studies suggest that symbiotic bacteria may also interfere with the cellular, hemocyte-based, immunity...
August 9, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800282/towards-a-generation-free-of-tuberculosis-tb-disease-and-infection-in-individuals-of-college-age-in-the-united-states
#17
N S Shah, A Flood-Bryzman, C Jeffries, J Scott
OBJECTIVES: To assess the magnitude of active TB disease and LTBI in young adults of college age. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals 18 - 24 years old in 2011 were used as a proxy for college students. METHODS: Active TB cases reported to the 2011 U.S. National TB Surveillance System (NTSS) were included. LTBI prevalence was calculated from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The 2011 American Community Survey was used to calculate population denominators...
August 11, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796799/differential-outcomes-of-zika-virus-infection-in-aedes-aegypti-orally-challenged-with-infectious-blood-meals-and-infectious-protein-meals
#18
Yan-Jang S Huang, Amy C Lyons, Wei-Wen Hsu, So Lee Park, Stephen Higgs, Dana L Vanlandingham
BACKGROUND: Infection of mosquitoes is an essential step for the transmission of mosquito-borne arboviruses in nature. Engorgement of infectious blood meals from viremic infected vertebrate hosts allows the entry of viruses and initiates infection of midgut epithelial cells. Historically, the infection process of arboviruses in mosquitoes has been studied through the engorgement of mosquitoes from viremic laboratory animals or from artificial feeders containing blood mixed with viruses harvested from cell cultures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795644/efficiency-of-organic-acid-preparations-for-the-elimination-of-naturally-occurring-salmonella-in-feed-material
#19
Sonja Axmann, Veronika Kolar, Andreas Adler, Irmengard Strnad
Salmonella can enter animal stocks via feedstuffs, thus posing not only an infection risk for animals, but also threatening to contaminate food of animal origin and finally humans. Salmonella contamination in feeding stuffs is still a recurring and serious issue in animal production (especially for poultry sector) and is regularly detected upon self-monitoring by feed companies (self-checks) and official inspections authorities. Operators within the feed chain in certain cases need to use hygienic condition enhancers, such as organic acids, to improve the quality of feed for animal nutrition providing additional guarantees for the protection of animal and public health...
August 10, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794234/deep-immune-profiling-of-an-arginine-enriched-nutritional-intervention-in-patients-undergoing-surgery
#20
Nima Aghaeepour, Cindy Kin, Edward A Ganio, Kent P Jensen, Dyani K Gaudilliere, Martha Tingle, Amy Tsai, Hope L Lancero, Benjamin Choisy, Leslie S McNeil, Robin Okada, Andrew A Shelton, Garry P Nolan, Martin S Angst, Brice L Gaudilliere
Application of high-content immune profiling technologies has enormous potential to advance medicine. Whether these technologies reveal pertinent biology when implemented in interventional clinical trials is an important question. The beneficial effects of preoperative arginine-enriched dietary supplements (AES) are highly context specific, as they reduce infection rates in elective surgery, but possibly increase morbidity in critically ill patients. This study combined single-cell mass cytometry with the multiplex analysis of relevant plasma cytokines to comprehensively profile the immune-modifying effects of this much-debated intervention in patients undergoing surgery...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
keyword
keyword
15194
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"