keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preterm babies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053978/patterns-of-change-in-anxiety-and-depression-during-pregnancy-predict-preterm-birth
#1
Chelsea Doktorchik, Shahirose Premji, Donna Slater, Tyler Williamson, Suzanne Tough, Scott Patten
BACKGROUND: To determine whether changes in anxiety and depression during pregnancy influence the risk of having a preterm birth (PTB), and whether chronic stress modifies this relationship. METHODS: The data source for the current study is the All Our Babies prospective cohort (AOB). Anxiety and depression were measured at 17-24 weeks and again at 32-36 weeks' gestation using the Spielberg State Anxiety Scale and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, respectively...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050031/reading-first-coordinates-from-the%C3%A2-nephrogenic-zone-in-human-fetal%C3%A2-kidney
#2
Will W Minuth
While substantial information is available on organ anlage and the primary formation of nephrons, molecular mechanisms acting during the late development of the human kidney have received an astonishing lack of attention. In healthy newborn babies, nephrogenesis takes place unnoticed until birth. Upon delivery, morphogenetic activity in the nephrogenic zone decreases, and the stem cell niches aligned beyond the organ capsule vanish by an unknown signal. However, this signal also plays a key role in preterm and low birth weight babies...
October 19, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046872/swallow-breath-interaction-and-phase-of-respiration-with-swallow-during-non-nutritive-suck-in-infants-affected-by-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#3
Eric W Reynolds, Debbie Grider, Cynthia S Bell
BACKGROUND: The development of suck-swallow-breath rhythms during non-nutritive suck (NNS) may be an indicator of neurologic integrity. We have described swallow-breath (SwBr) interaction and phase of respiration (POR) with swallow during NNS in low-risk preterm (LRP) infants. NNS in infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) has not been described with our method. METHOD: Suckle, swallow, thoracic motion, and nasal airflow were measured during NNS in 10 infants with NAS and 12 unaffected infants (control)...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036213/the-value-of-real-time-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-premature-infants-of-diabetic-mothers
#4
Hean-Pat Saw, Nai-Wei Yao, Cheng-Di Chiu, Jia-Yuh Chen
To determine the feasibility of using a real-time continuous glucose monitoring system (RTGMS) in intensive care units, our study focus on preterm infants with diabetic mothers owing to their high risk of blood sugar abnormalities. Thirty preterm babies (M = 15 and F = 15; ≤ 36 week gestation age) were studied from within 72 hours of delivery. These babies were admitted to the newborn intensive care and were further categorized into groups based on whether their mothers with or without diabetic mellitus. Blood sugar levels were monitored by both RTGMS and the traditional intermittent arterial line (A-Line) glucose method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035757/pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants
#5
REVIEW
Christine B Bui, Merrin A Pang, Arvind Sehgal, Christiane Theda, Jason C Lao, Philip J Berger, Marcel F Nold, Claudia A Nold-Petry
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and BPD-associated pulmonary hypertension (BPD-PH) are chronic inflammatory cardiopulmonary diseases with devastating short- and long-term consequences for infants born prematurely. The immature lungs of preterm infants are ill-prepared to achieve sufficient gas exchange, thus usually necessitating immediate commencement of respiratory support and oxygen supplementation. These therapies are life-saving, but they exacerbate the tissue damage that is inevitably inflicted on a preterm lung forced to perform gas exchange...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033350/phenotypical-characterization-of-human-rhinovirus-infections-in-severely-premature-children
#6
Geovanny F Perez, Bassem Kurdi, Rosemary Megalaa, Krishna Pancham, Shehlanoor Huseni, Natalia Isaza, Carlos E Rodriguez-Martinez, Dinesh Pillai, Gustavo Nino
BACKGROUND: Human Rhinovirus (HRV) has been identified as the most common cause of acute respiratory infections and hospitalizations in premature children. It is unclear if premature children are more susceptible to HRV due to their decreased pulmonary reserve or because they have enhanced lower airway reactivity to HRV. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical respiratory presentation of all PCR-confirmed HRV infections in full-term and premature children aged ≤3 years in our institution...
September 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030727/-parenteral-nutrition-in-premature-babies-with-a-birth-weight-1500g-a%C3%A2-systematic-single-center-analysis-and-comparison-with-current-guidelines
#7
Melanie Sirch, Martin Poryo, Mona Butte, Ulrike Lindner, Ludwig Gortner, Michael Zemlin, Holger Nunold, Sascha Meyer
BACKGROUND: Parenteral and enteral nutrition are essential for both growth and development of preterm infants. Based on the results of many studies, the rate of nutritional growth and the amount of substrate delivered parenterally are under debate. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to assess parenteral nutrition in very and extremely immature preterm infants, i.e. very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight <1000g) neonates, and to compare the amount of parenterally delivered substrate in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to current German guidelines...
October 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025107/vanishing-twin-syndrome-among-art-singletons-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#8
Maria C Magnus, Sara Ghaderi, Nils-Halvdan Morken, Per Magnus, Liv Bente Romundstad, Rolv Skjærven, Allen J Wilcox, Siri Eldevik Håberg
STUDY QUESTION: Among babies born by ART, do singleton survivors of a vanishing twin have lower birth weight than other singletons? SUMMARY ANSWER: Vanishing twin syndrome (VTS) was associated with lower birth weight among ART singletons; a sibship analysis indicated that the association was not confounded by maternal characteristics that remain stable between deliveries. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous studies indicate that ART singletons with VTS have increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, compared with other ART singletons...
August 31, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022513/discrepancies-in-animal-models-of-preterm-birth
#9
Clarence R Manuel, Charles R Ashby, Sandra E Reznik
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a multifactorial syndrome occurring before the 37th week of full-term pregnancy [1]. Babies delivered preterm experience short-term and long-term complications affecting multiple organ systems, and serious maternal complications include hemorrhage and infection. Each year, an estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and complications from prematurity are the leading cause of death among children up to 5 years of age [2]. With another increase in PTB rates over the last several years, the United States continues to have the highest incidence of any industrialized country [3]...
October 12, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022223/acute-kidney-injury-in-pregnancy-and-the-role-of-underlying-ckd-a-point-of-view-from-m%C3%A3-xico
#10
REVIEW
Margarita Ibarra-Hernández, Oralia Alejandra Orozco-Guillén, María Luz de la Alcantar-Vallín, Ruben Garrido-Roldan, María Patricia Jiménez-Alvarado, Kenia Benitez Castro, Francisco Villa-Villagrana, Mario Borbolla, Juan Manuel Gallardo-Gaona, Guillermo García-García, Norberto Reyes-Paredes, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli
The incidence of acute kidney injury in pregnancy (P-AKI) in developed countries is significantly lower than in developing ones, where it is estimated to range between 4 and 26%. Mortality in cases of P-AKI requiring dialysis is high, varying from 20 to 80%. In developing countries, clinical decisions are often based on the availability of services and not on needs. Prenatal surveillance in Mexico does not include serum creatinine, limiting the potential for early diagnosis of AKI and CKD and their differential diagnosis...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992717/accuracy-of-transcutaneous-bilirubinometry-in-the-preterm-infants-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#11
Mohammad Hassan Shabuj, Jesmin Hossain, Sanjoy Dey
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous bilirubin measurement is widely used in term babies. But its effectiveness till debated in preterm infants. So our objective was to pool data to see the accuracy of transcutaneous bilirubinometry in preterm infants. METHOD: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library database were searched from 2000 to July 2017. The included studies had compared transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) with total serum bilirubin (TSB) in preterm infants before phototherapy and data were presented as correlation coefficients...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988509/darunavir-for-use-in-pregnant-women-with-hiv
#12
Robert Pope, Angela Kashuba
Combination antiretroviral therapy is recommended during pregnancy to decrease the rate of HIV transmission to the baby and reduce morbidity in the mother. More than 50% of women are prescribed a protease inhibitor-based regimen during pregnancy. Darunavir was recently reclassified as a first-line protease inhibitor for use in pregnancy in the US Department of Health and Human Services Perinatal Guidelines. Areas covered: This is a brief review of the use of protease inhibitor therapy during pregnancy, and a discussion of darunavir's utility in this area...
October 7, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988227/thyroid-hormone-levels-in-late-preterm-early-term-and-term-infants-a-study-with-healthy-neonates-revealing-reference-values-and-factors-affecting-thyroid-hormones
#13
Ozge Nur Aktas, Tugba Gursoy, Elif Soysal, Ecem Esencan, Secil Ercin
BACKGROUND: Thyroid function tests in neonates have been challenging to interpret because their levels are affected by several neonatal and delivery-related factors. The aim of the study was to evaluate reference values of thyroxine (T4) and thyrotropin (TSH) levels in different gestational age groups and to demonstrate the affect of perinatal factors on thyroid hormones. METHODS: Medical records of 7616 neonates whose gestational age ranges between 34 and 42 weeks were analyzed retrospectively...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987566/urinary-level-of-triclosan-in-a-population-of-chinese-pregnant-women-and-its-association-with-birth-outcomes
#14
Wenqian Huo, Wei Xia, Chuansha Wu, Yingshuang Zhu, Bin Zhang, Yanjian Wan, Aifen Zhou, Zhenming Qian, Zhong Chen, Yangqian Jiang, Hongxiu Liu, Jie Hu, Bing Xu, Shunqing Xu, Yuanyuan Li
Triclosan (TCS) is a suspected endocrine disrupting chemical which is widely used in consumer products as an antibacterial agent. But findings in human studies focusing on the fetal developmental effects of prenatal TCS exposure were rare and inconsistent. This study aimed to determine maternal urinary TCS and investigate its association with birth outcomes. Pregnant women (n = 1006) were randomly selected from the prospective Healthy Baby Cohort (HBC) enrolled in 2014. TCS levels were determined in maternal urine samples collected at delivery and recorded birth outcomes were obtained from the medical records...
October 4, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985435/neonatal-outcome-of-babies-born-to-women-40%C3%A2-years-and-over-at-the-university-hospital-of-the-west-indies-2012-2013
#15
Terry Ann Johnson-Harrison, Helen Trotman
Aim: This article aims to determine neonatal outcome of babies born to women ≥40 years at the University Hospital of the West Indies. Methods: This was a matched retrospective cohort study looking at the outcome of all babies born to women ≥40 years and control babies born to women aged 20-30 years at the University Hospital of the West Indies over a 2-year period. Maternal and neonatal demographic data and course of admission for admitted neonates were recorded...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984372/adverse-maternal-and-birth-outcomes-in-women-admitted-to-hospital-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Linda Fiaschi, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Jack Gibson, Lisa Szatkowski, Laila J Tata
BACKGROUND: Evidence for risks of adverse maternal and birth outcomes in women with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is predominantly from small studies, unknown, or conflicting. METHODS: A population-based cohort study using secondary health care records (Hospital Episode Statistics covering all of England from 1997 to 2012) was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) with 99% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between HG hospital admission and adverse outcomes, adjusting for maternal and pregnancy confounders...
October 6, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982955/mutation-spectrum-of-ndp-fzd4-and-tspan12-genes-in-indian-patients-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#17
Sonika Rathi, Subhadra Jalali, Ganeswara Rao Musada, Satish Patnaik, Divya Balakrishnan, Anjli Hussain, Inderjeet Kaur
AIM: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative eye disease in preterm infants. Based on its phenotypic similarities with familial exudative vitreo retinopathy (FEVR), the present study was conducted to screen the Norrin signalling pathway genes (already been implicated in FEVR) for understanding their involvement among Indian patients with ROP. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of patients with ROP (n=246) and controls (n=300) that included full term (n=110) and preterm babies devoid of ROP (n=190)...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982832/incidence-risk-factors-and-perinatal-outcomes-for-placenta-accreta-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-case-control-study
#18
Cynthia M Farquhar, Zhuoyang Li, Sarah Lensen, Claire McLintock, Wendy Pollock, Michael J Peek, David Ellwood, Marian Knight, Caroline Se Homer, Geraldine Vaughan, Alex Wang, Elizabeth Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the incidence of placenta accreta and describe risk factors, clinical practice and perinatal outcomes. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Sites in Australia and New Zealand with at least 50 births per year. PARTICIPANTS: Cases were women giving birth (≥20 weeks or fetus ≥400 g) who were diagnosed with placenta accreta by antenatal imaging, at operation or by pathology specimens between 2010 and 2012...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980891/multi-micronutrient-supplementation-during-pregnancy-for-prevention-of-maternal-anaemia-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-a-high-altitude-area-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-rural-tibet-of-china
#19
Yijun Kang, Shaonong Dang, Lingxia Zeng, Duolao Wang, Qiang Li, Jianpeng Wang, Luobu Ouzhu, Hong Yan
Anaemia during pregnancy, characterised by Hb <110 g/l, is a specific risk factor for adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in developing countries. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of daily antenatal supplementation with multiple micronutrients (MMN) compared with folic acid (FA) on the occurrence of anaemia among pregnant women and their infants' health in a high-altitude area. A prospective cohort study was carried out in two rural counties in Tibet from 2007 to 2012. A total of 1149 eligible pregnant women were allocated daily supplementation with FA in one county and MMN containing a recommended allowance of twenty-three vitamins and minerals in another county starting ≤24 weeks of gestation and continuing until delivery...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977331/relationship-between-the-use-of-kangaroo-position-on-preterm-babies-and-mother-child-interaction-upon-discharge
#20
Cynthia Ribeiro do Nascimento Nunes, Luís Gustavo Campos, Aline Moreira Lucena, Janser Moura Pereira, Patrícia Rodrigues da Costa, Flávia Aparecida Felipe de Lima, Vivian Mara Gonçalves de Oliveira Azevedo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of the Kangaroo Position duration in the initial interactions between mothers and preterm infants. METHODS: This is an exploratory prospective observational study that analyzed the mother-infant interaction during breastfeeding, before hospital discharge. All eligible newborns, with a gestational age of 28-32 weeks and a birth weight of 1,000-1,800 g from June 11 to September 31, 2014 were included. The films of the interaction were evaluated by the "Mother-Baby Interaction Protocol 0-6 months" tool...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
keyword
keyword
15181
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"