keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Newborns

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926976/are-cytokines-useful-biomarkers-to-determine-disease-severity-in-neonates-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#1
Thomas Schaible, Janine Reineke, Ludwig Gortner, Dominik Monz, Regine Schaffelder, Erol Tutdibi
Background This study investigates plasma cytokine levels in neonates with the more common left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and correlates them with severity of disease indicated by position of the liver. An intrathoracic part of liver is associated with higher need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and higher risk for chronic lung disease (CLD). Methods A total of 28 newborns with CDH were subdivided by their liver position in partially intrathoracic (n = 16) and only abdominal (n = 12) position...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926975/large-for-gestational-age-infants-and-adverse-outcomes-among-uncomplicated-pregnancies-at-term
#2
Hector Mendez-Figueroa, Van Thi Thanh Truong, Claudia Pedroza, Suneet P Chauhan
Background While traumatic delivery with large for gestational age (LGA; birth weight above 90%) is acknowledged, there is paucity of data regarding other morbidity and mortality associated with LGA. Our hypothesis was that compared with appropriate for gestational age (AGA), LGA have a significantly higher rate of composite neonatal morbidity (CNM). Objective Our objective was to compare the CNM among uncomplicated LGA versus AGA at term (37 weeks or more) among all available Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units (MFMU) databases...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926647/central-fetal-monitoring-with-and-without-computer-analysis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Inês Nunes, Diogo Ayres-de-Campos, Austin Ugwumadu, Pina Amin, Philip Banfield, Antony Nicoll, Simon Cunningham, Paulo Sousa, Cristina Costa-Santos, João Bernardes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether intrapartum fetal monitoring with computer analysis and real-time alerts decreases the rate of newborn metabolic acidosis or obstetric intervention when compared with visual analysis. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial carried out in five hospitals in the United Kingdom evaluated women with singleton, vertex fetuses of 36 weeks of gestation or greater during labor. Continuous central fetal monitoring by computer analysis and online alerts (experimental arm) was compared with visual analysis (control arm)...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926601/protecting-newborns-from-pertussis
#4
Kirsten Wisner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926376/ending-preventable-maternal-and-newborn-deaths-multiple-choice-questions-for-vol-36
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925863/susceptibility-of-rubella-among-pregnant-women-attending-the-antenatal-clinic-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-jabalpur-central-india
#6
Bhupesh K Kori, Kavita N Singh, Ravendra K Sharma, Bhagwati S Sharma, Poorva Badkur, Pradip V Barde
The purpose of this study was to evaluate rubella susceptibility of pregnant women from central India as rubella infection can be devastating for the newborn if it occurs in the mother in the first trimester of pregnancy, which may lead to congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). There are very few studies about seroprevalence of rubella from India and none from central India. The study was conducted among women attending the obstetric department of a tertiary care hospital, in which 369 antenatal cases were tested for the presence of immunoglobulin G antibody for rubella and its titer...
December 7, 2016: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925848/hospitalizations-for-pneumococcal-diseases-in-tuscany-from-2002-to-2014-impact-of-universal-pediatric-vaccination-on-the-population
#7
Sara Boccalini, Ornella Varone, Martina Chellini, Luca Pieri, Antonino Sala, Cesare Berardi, Paolo Bonanni, Angela Bechini
Streptococcus pneumoniae is the main causative organism of acute media otitis in children and meningitis and bacterial pneumonia in the community. Since 2008 in Tuscany, central Italy, the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (7-valent vaccine, switched in 13-valent vaccine in 2010) was actively offered free of charge to all newborns. Aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of pneumococcal paediatric vaccination on the Tuscan population on hospitalizations potentially caused by S. pneumoniae, during pre-vaccination (PVP, 2002-2007) and vaccination period (VP, 2009-2014)...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925622/relation-between-amniotic-fluid-infection-or-cytokine-levels-and-hearing-screen-failure-in-infants-at-32-wk-gestation-or-less
#8
Eun Young Jung, Byung Yoon Choi, Jihye Rhee, Jaehong Park, Soo-Hyun Cho, Kyo Hoon Park
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the presence of intra-amniotic infection and elevated proinflammatory cytokine levels in amniotic fluid (AF) are associated with failure in the newborn hearing screen (NHS) test in very preterm neonates. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 112 premature singleton neonates born to women with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes at ≤32 wk. AF obtained through amniocentesis was cultured, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8 levels were determined...
December 7, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925621/presepsin-for-the-detection-of-early-onset-sepsis-in-preterm-newborns
#9
Paolo Montaldo, Roberto Rosso, Alfredo Santantonio, Giovanni Chello, Paolo Giliberti
BACKGROUND: Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is responsible for an important fraction of neonatal morbidity and mortality all over the world. The aim of this study was to assess whether presepsin (P-SEP) can be a more accurate biomarker of EOS compared with pro-calcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP). STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive preterm neonates (<34 wk gestational age, admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit by 6 h of age and undergoing sepsis evaluation) were recruited as part of a case-matched control study...
December 7, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925503/persistence-of-protective-anti-hbs-antibody-levels-and-anamnestic-response-to-hbv-booster-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-among-healthcare-students-20%C3%A2-years-following-the-universal-immunization-campaign-in-italy
#10
Guglielmo Dini, Alessandra Toletone, Ilaria Barberis, Nicoletta Debarbieri, Emanuela Massa, Chiara Paganino, Francesca Bersi, Alfredo Montecucco, Cristiano Alicino, Paolo Durando
Vaccination against Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) became mandatory in Italy for all newborns and twelve years-old individuals in the 1991. The immunogenicity of HBV vaccine and the effectiveness of the universal immunization strategy have been widely demonstrated. However the need to assess the antibody concentrations above the well known serological correlate of protection for HBV infection (≥ 10 mIU/mL), established in individuals immunized with a three doses vaccination course, is still recommended in subjects exposed to occupational risks in different settings, particularly the healthcare services...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925013/myocardial-dysfunction-in-children-with-intrauterine-growth-restriction-an-echocardiographic-study
#11
Katarzyna Niewiadomska-Jarosik, Justyna Zamojska, Agata Zamecznik, Agnieszka Wosiak, Piotr Jarosik, Jerzy Stańczyk
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is about 3-10% of live-born newborns and can be as high as 20% in developing countries. It may result in the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases later in life. METHODS: The aim of this study was echocardiographic evaluation, with the use of conventional and tissue Doppler parameters, of cardiac function in children born with IUGR, and comparison with healthy peers born as normally grown foetuses...
December 7, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924715/perfluoroalkyl-acids-pfaas-and-anthropometric-measures-in-the-first-year-of-life-results-from-the-duisburg-birth-cohort
#12
Eman Alkhalawi, Monika Kasper-Sonnenberg, Michael Wilhelm, Wolfgang Völkel, Jürgen Wittsiepe
In the context of the Duisburg Birth Cohort, this retrospective cohort study provides results of internal exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS) in 156 mother-child pairs, and investigates whether and to what extent in utero exposure of these chemicals at German background levels exerts an effect on newborn and infant weight and length, and weight in relation to length expressed by ponderal index, in order to examine whether any reduction in weight is disproportionate to length...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924451/mir-124-promotes-newborn-olfactory-bulb-neuron-dendritic-morphogenesis-and-spine-density
#13
Guifa Li, Shucai Ling
Using microarray analysis, we detected microRNA-124 (miR-124) to be abundantly expressed in the olfactory bulb (OB). miR-124 regulates adult neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ). However, much less is known about its role in newborn OB neurons. Here, using both gain-of-function and loss-of-function approaches, we demonstrate that brain-specific miR-124 affects dendritic morphogenesis and spine density in newborn OB neurons. Functional Annotation Clustering of miR-124 targets was enriched in "cell morphogenesis involved in neuron differentiation...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924110/health-systems-in-india
#14
REVIEW
M Chokshi, B Patil, R Khanna, S B Neogi, J Sharma, V K Paul, S Zodpey
Health systems and polices have a critical role in determining the manner in which health services are delivered, utilized and affect health outcomes. 'Health' being a state subject, despite the issuance of the guidelines by the central government, the final prerogative on implementation of the initiatives on newborn care lies with the states. This article briefly describes the public health structure in the country and traces the evolution of the major health programs and initiatives with a particular focus on newborn health...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924109/care-of-newborn-in-the-community-and-at-home
#15
REVIEW
S B Neogi, J Sharma, M Chauhan, R Khanna, M Chokshi, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
India has contributed immensely toward generating evidence on two key domains of newborn care: Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) and community mobilization. In a model developed in Gadchiroli (Maharashtra) in the 1990s, a package of Interventions delivered by community health workers during home visits led to a marked decline in neonatal deaths. On the basis of this experience, the national HBNC program centered around Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) was introduced in 2011, and is now the main community-level program in newborn health...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924107/newborn-healthcare-in-urban-india
#16
REVIEW
J Sharma, D Osrin, B Patil, S B Neogi, M Chauhan, R Khanna, R Kumar, V K Paul, S Zodpey
The rapid population growth in urban India has outpaced the municipal capacity to build essential infrastructures that make life in cities safe and healthy. Local and national governments alike are grappling with the challenges of urbanization with thousands migrating from villages to cities. Thus, urbanization in India has been accompanied by a concentration of poverty and urban public healthcare has emerged as one of the most pressing priorities facing our country. Newborn mortality rates in urban settings are lower than rural areas, early neonatal deaths account for greater proportion than late neonatal deaths...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924106/inpatient-care-of-small-and-sick-newborns-in-healthcare-facilities
#17
REVIEW
S B Neogi, R Khanna, M Chauhan, J Sharma, G Gupta, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
Neonatal units in teaching and non-teaching hospitals both in public and private hospitals have been increasing in number in the country since the sixties. In 1994, a District Newborn Care Programme was introduced as a part of the Child Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme (CSSM) in 26 districts. Inpatient care of small and sick newborns in the public health system got a boost under National Rural Health Mission with the launch of the national programme on facility-based newborn care (FBNC). This has led to a nationwide creation of Newborn Care Corners (NBCC) at every point of child birth, newborn stabilization units (NBSUs) at First Referral Units (FRUs) and special newborn care units (SNCUs) at district hospitals...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924104/state-of-newborn-health-in-india
#18
REVIEW
M J Sankar, S B Neogi, J Sharma, M Chauhan, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
About 0.75 million neonates die every year in India, the highest for any country in the world. The neonatal mortality rate (NMR) declined from 52 per 1000 live births in 1990 to 28 per 1000 live births in 2013, but the rate of decline has been slow and lags behind that of infant and under-five child mortality rates. The slower decline has led to increasing contribution of neonatal mortality to infant and under-five mortality. Among neonatal deaths, the rate of decline in early neonatal mortality rate (ENMR) is much lower than that of late NMR...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923943/venovenous-ecmo-support-in-an-infant-with-single-ventricle-physiology-and-catastrophic-pulmonary-venous-abnormalities
#19
Richard P Fernandez, Don Hayes, Patrick I McConnell, Darren Berman
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an accepted treatment modality for life support refractory to conventional efforts in neonates with complex congenital heart lesions. Cannulation for ECMO can be accomplished by venovenous (VV) access where patients receive primarily respiratory support or venoarterial (VA) access which provides complete cardiopulmonary support. VV ECMO delivered by a single-vessel cannulation with a dual-chamber venous cannula allows for respiratory support while the patient remains dependent upon intrinsic cardiac function to support hemodynamics...
December 6, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923664/arhgef1-is-expressed-in-cortical-neural-progenitor-cells-and-regulates-neurite-outgrowth-of-newly-differentiated-neurons
#20
Xiaoliang Xiang, Xiaoji Zhuang, Shengnan Li, Lei Shi
Neurite outgrowth is crucial for the maturation of neurons and the establishment of anatomical connections during development of the nervous system. We report here that Arhgef1, a RhoA guanine nucleotide exchange factor previously found expressed in the early stages of neuronal development to regulate neurite outgrowth, is also highly expressed in cortical neural progenitor cells (NPCs). To better dissect its role in NPCs, we knocked down Arhgef1 expression in these cells and induced differentiated of them into neurons...
December 3, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
keyword
keyword
15180
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"