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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938264/2016-neonatal-nurse-practitioner-workforce-survey-report-of-findings
#1
Suzanne Staebler, Robin Bissinger
The National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners (NANNP) conducted its second workforce survey of certified neonatal nurse practitioners in the fall of 2016. National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners partnered with the National Certification Corporation and the American Association of Nurse Practitioners to conduct this electronic survey, containing 69 questions and focusing on practice sites and total compensation packages (including benefits) and workforce deficits.Findings indicate a rising neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs) position vacancy rate across the country...
October 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938078/online-lactation-education-for-healthcare-providers-a-theoretical-approach-to-understanding-learning-outcomes
#2
Amanda L Watkins, Joan E Dodgson, Darya Bonds McClain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding competencies are not standardized in healthcare education for any of the health professions. A few continuing education/professional development programs have been implemented, but research regarding the efficacy of these programs is scarce. Research aim: After a 45-hour lactation course, (a) Does breastfeeding knowledge increase? (b) Do beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding improve? (c) Does perceived behavioral control over performance of evidence-based lactation support practices increase? and (d) Do intentions to carry out evidence-based lactation support practices increase? METHODS: A nonexperimental pretest-posttest self-report survey design was conducted with a nonprobability sample of participants ( N = 71) in a lactation course...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938044/sunday-in-the-park-with-infectious-disease-workforce-mismatch-in-a-colorful-universe-of-possibilities
#3
Thomas Moore, Louise-Marie Dembry, Michael S Saag
The decline in applications for infectious diseases (ID) fellowships has been an area of active introspection for the leadership of the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA). This prompted actions to address the problem, including surveys of current and former fellows. Ironically, the decline in applications to ID programs is occurring at a time when the need for ID providers has never been greater and the excitement and variety in the practice of ID has never been higher. Data regarding the current ID workforce are presented here, along with perspectives about the future of the profession in the decades to come...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937785/gaining-access-to-providing-medical-care-to-male-sport-teams-the-female-athletic-trainer-perspective
#4
Alicia Pike, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Jessica L Barrett
CONTEXT:   Female athletic trainers (ATs) can face barriers to employment within the profession. Although there is evidence for an increasing percentage of women in athletic training, the portion providing medical care to male sport teams within the professional sport and collegiate settings continues to be small. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the experiences of female ATs when seeking employment with male sport teams within the Division I setting. DESIGN:   Qualitative study...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937317/what-is-important-to-patients-in-palliative-care-a-scoping-review-of-the-patient-s-perspective
#5
Helen von Post, Petra Wagman
BACKGROUND: The research conducted in palliative care is often medically oriented. There are few studies clarifying the patient's preferences, priorities and desires in palliative care. The occupational therapy research conducted mostly concerns occupational therapy interventions based on the profession's experiences. Further knowledge is needed regarding what patients in palliative care want to prioritize. AIM: The aim was to describe what patients in palliative care describe as important at the end of life...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937118/how-can-we-provide-person-centred-dental-care
#6
N Apelian, J N Vergnes, R Hovey, C Bedos
Patient- or person-centred care is the current paradigm in the health profession yet there is still no clear understanding of what it means or how it could be implemented in dentistry. Building on a previously proposed person-centred model in clinical dentistry, in this article a person-centred dental clinical approach is presented. The approach consists of three guiding principles - humility, hospitality and mindfulness - that influence the different processes of the dental clinical encounter: connecting, examining, sharing, and intervening...
September 22, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935663/work-related-ill-health-in-doctors-working-in-great-britain-incidence-rates-and-trends
#7
Anli Yue Zhou, Melanie Carder, Matthew Gittins, Raymond Agius
BackgroundDoctors have a higher prevalence of mental ill health compared with other professional occupations but incidence rates are poorly studied.AimsTo determine incidence rates and trends of work-related ill health (WRIH) and work-related mental ill health (WRMIH) in doctors compared with other professions in Great Britain.MethodIncidence rates were calculated using an occupational physician reporting scheme from 2005-2010. Multilevel regression was use to study incidence rates from 2001 to 2014.ResultsAnnual incidence rates for WRIH and WRIMH in doctors were 515 and 431 per 100 000 people employed, respectively...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935227/physiotherapy-education-and-training-prior-to-upper-abdominal-surgery-is-memorable-and-has-high-treatment-fidelity-a-nested-mixed-methods-randomised-controlled-study
#8
Ianthe Boden, Doa El-Ansary, Nadia Zalucki, Iain K Robertson, Laura Browning, Elizabeth H Skinner, Linda Denehy
OBJECTIVES: To (1) assess memorability and treatment fidelity of pre-operative physiotherapy education prior to elective upper abdominal surgery and, (2) to explore patient opinions on pre-operative education. DESIGN: Mixed-methods analysis of a convenience sample within a larger parallel-group, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial with concealed allocation and intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: Tertiary Australian hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine patients having upper abdominal surgery attending pre-admission clinic within six-weeks of surgery...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935208/vocal-aspects-of-brazilian-evangelical-pastors
#9
REVIEW
Perla do Nascimento Martins, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto
PURPOSE: Investigate the vocal and laryngopharyngeal symptoms, vocal quality, Voice Activity and Participation Profile (VAPP), and vocal acoustic and auditory-perceptual characteristics from evangelical pastors comparing with the same aspects of nonprofessional voice men. METHOD: Sixty professionally active male subjects were divided into two groups: 30 pastors and 30 nonprofessional voice men, with ages between 24 and 59 years old. Participants answered the Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD) questionnaire and the VAPP, as well as an auditory-perceptual and acoustic evaluation of the voice...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934458/risk-of-human-infections-with-highly-pathogenic-h5n2-and-low-pathogenic-h7n1-avian-influenza-strains-during-outbreaks-in-ostriches-in-south-africa
#10
Marietjie Venter, Florette K Treurnicht, Amelia Buys, Stefano Tempia, Rudo Samudzi, Johanna McAnerney, Charlene A Jacobs, Juno Thomas, Lucille Blumberg
Background: Risk factors for human infection with highly pathogenic (HP) and low-pathogenic (LP) avian influenza (AI) H5N2 and H7N1 were investigated during outbreaks in ostriches in the Western Cape province, South Africa. Methods: Serum surveys were conducted for veterinarians, farmworkers, and laboratory and abattoir workers involved in 2 AI outbreaks in the Western Cape province: (1) controlling and culling of 42000 ostriches during (HPAI)H5N2 outbreaks in ostriches (2011) (n = 207); (2) movement control during (LPAI)H7N1 outbreaks in 2012 (n = 66)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933730/veterinary-pharmaceutics-an-opportunity-for-interprofessional-education-in-new-zealand
#11
Arlene McDowell, Rebekah Beard, Anna Brightmore, Lisa W Lu, Amelia McKay, Maadhuri Mistry, Kate Owen, Emma Swan, Jessica Young
Globally pharmacists are becoming increasingly involved in veterinary medicine; however, little is known about the level of interest for pharmacists playing a larger role in animal treatment in New Zealand. A key stakeholder in any progression of pharmacists becoming more involved in the practice of veterinary pharmacy is the veterinary profession. The aim of this study was to investigate views of veterinarians and veterinary students on the role of pharmacists supporting veterinarians with advice on animal medicines...
July 26, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932765/informed-strangers-witnessing-and-responding-to-unethical-care-as-student-nurses
#12
Joyce Engel, Jenn Salfi, Samantha Micsinszki, Andrea Bodnar
Nursing students occupy a unique perspective in clinical settings because they are informed, through education, about how patient care ought to happen. Given the brevity of placements and their "visiting status" in clinical sites, students are less invested in the ethos of specific sites. Subsequently, their perspectives of quality care are informed by what should happen, which might differ from that of nurses and patients. The purpose of this study was to identify predominant themes in patient care, as experienced by students, and the influence that these observations have on the development of their ethical reasoning...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932389/challenges-facing-the-veterinary-profession-in-ireland-2-on-farm-use-of-veterinary-antimicrobials
#13
Manuel Magalhães-Sant'Ana, Simon J More, David B Morton, Alison J Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance has emerged in recent years as a significant public health threat, which requires both an ethical and a scientific approach. In a recent Policy Delphi study, on-farm use of antimicrobials was a key concern identified by veterinary professionals in Ireland. In this case study (the second in a series of three resulting from a research workshop exploring the challenges facing the veterinary profession in Ireland; the other two case studies investigate clinical veterinary services and emergency/casualty slaughter certification) we aim to provide a value-based reflection on the constraints and possible opportunities for responsible use of veterinary antimicrobials in Ireland...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931485/translating-interprofessional-theory-to-interprofessional-practice
#14
Miranda Ketcherside, Darson Rhodes, Stephanie Powelson, Carol Cox, Justin Parker
Although interprofessional collaborative activities for health professions students have demonstrated increased knowledge of professional roles, interprofessional attitudes and confidence, and team skills; traditional professional role patterns and lack of professional role understanding are still prevalent among health professions students and may continue into professional practice. Between 1 and 10years after they completed their undergraduate studies, practicing community/public health education professionals and registered nurses who participated in an interprofessional patient home-visiting curriculum as undergraduates were surveyed...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931482/policy-and-political-advocacy-comparison-study-of-nursing-faculty-to-determine-current-practices-perceptions-and-barriers-to-teaching-health-policy
#15
Suzanne Staebler, Jane Campbell, Patsy Cornelius, Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Eileen Fry-Bowers, Ying Mai Kung, David LaFevers, Janice Miller
PURPOSE: To better understand policy/advocacy concepts and methodology utilized in all levels of nursing educational programs and develop clarity concerning structure of policy content and integration across all levels of education. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data obtained from a survey sent to 19,043 nursing faculty in the United States; 598 total responses; 514 complete responses. Quantitative data points were analyzed using SPSS and qualitative data was grouped and analyzed by theme...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931438/global-collaborative-healthcare-assessing-the-resource-requirements-at-a-leading-academic-medical-center
#16
REVIEW
Nicole J Rosson, Heitham T Hassoun
INTRODUCTION: Academic Medical Centers ("AMCs") have served as a hub of the United States ("US") health system and represented the state-of-the art in American health care for well over a century. Currently, the global healthcare market is both massive and expanding and is being altered by the unprecedented impact of technological advances and globalization. This provides AMCs a platform to enter into trans-national collaborative partnerships with healthcare organizations around the world, thus providing a means to deliver on its promise globally while also expanding and diversifying its resources...
September 20, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930760/medical-education-and-health-care-delivery-a-call-to-better-align-goals-and-purposes
#17
David P Sklar, Paul A Hemmer, Steven J Durning
The transformation of the U.S. health care system is under way, driven by the needs of an aging population, rising health care spending, and the availability of health information. However, the speed and effectiveness of the transformation of health care delivery will depend, in large part, upon engagement of the health professions community and changes in clinicians' practice behaviors. Current efforts to influence practice behaviors emphasize changes in the health payment system with incentives to move from fee-for-service to alternative payment models...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930707/re-evaluating-the-ethics-of-uterine-transplantation
#18
Danish Zaidi
In February 2016, the Cleveland Clinic initiated the first attempt at cadaveric uterine transplantation (UTx) in the United States. The transplantation was ultimately unsuccessful, but it opened doors for further research on both live and cadaveric UTx. While initial strides toward successful transplantation have been made, questions persist on the ethics of UTx: whether the uterus is a vital organ, whether we should prioritize live or cadaveric options, and how the procedure should be covered by health insurance...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929873/assessing-the-prospects-for-physician-supply-and-demand-in-canada-wishing-it-was-rocket-science
#19
Owen Adams, Tara S Chauhan, Lynda Buske
"It's not rocket science" is an often used phrase to describe tasks that are not very difficult. Although rocketry has proven to be an exacting science with highly predictable results, the same cannot be said for physician workforce planning in Canada. The "boom" in physician supply in the 1960s and 1970s was followed by a "bust" in the early 1990s and a further boom in the 2000s. A large generational shift in the physician population is anticipated between now and 2030; the proportion of "boomers" (1946-1964) will drop from 43% to 16% of the practising profession...
July 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928643/how-situational-context-impacts-empathic-responses-and-brain-activation-patterns
#20
Yawei Cheng, Chenyi Chen, Jean Decety
Clinical empathy, which is defined as the ability to understand the patient's experience and feelings from the patient's perspective, is acknowledged to be an important aspect of quality healthcare. However, how work experience modulates the empathic responses and brain activation patterns in medical professions remains elusive. This fMRI study recruited one hundred female nurses, who varied the length of work experience, and examined how their neural response, functional connectivity, and subjective evaluations of valence and arousal to perceiving another individual in physical pain are modulated by the situational context in which they occur (i...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
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