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Ayhan Yildirim, Heinz-Theo Lübbers, Ali Yildirim
Antiplatelet agents with the active ingredients acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin® protect 100), clopidogrel (Iscover®, Plavix®), prasugrel (Efient®) or ticagrelor (Brilique™) prevent the clumping of platelets and thus the formation of small clots at constrictions of the coronary arteries or on the metal struts of stents in the coronary artery or in bypass grafts. Large-scale studies have shown that taken regularly, these drugs can extend life and help prevent heart attacks. Especially in patients with newly implanted stents, the combination of the above-mentioned agents prevents sudden complete occlusion of the vessel concerned...
April 15, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Xavier G L V Pouwels, Robert Wolff, Bram L T Ramaekers, Anoukh Van Giessen, Shona Lang, Steve Ryder, Gill Worthy, Steven Duffy, Nigel Armstrong, Jos Kleijnen, Manuela A Joore
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited AstraZeneca, the manufacturer of ticagrelor (Brilique® ), to submit evidence on the clinical and cost effectiveness of ticagrelor 60 mg twice daily (BID) in combination with low-dose aspirin [acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)] compared with ASA only for secondary prevention of atherothrombotic events in patients with a history of myocardial infarction (MI) and who are at increased risk of atherothrombotic events. Kleijnen Systematic Reviews Ltd (KSR), in collaboration with Maastricht University Medical Centre+, was commissioned as the evidence review group (ERG)...
May 2018: PharmacoEconomics
Zaina T Al-Salama, Gillian M Keating, Susan J Keam
Ticagrelor (Brilique® ) is an orally administered P2Y12 inhibitor. A long-term (maintenance) regimen of ticagrelor 60 mg twice daily is indicated in the EU for coadministration with low-dose aspirin 75-150 mg/day for the secondary prevention of atherothrombotic events in high-risk patients with a history of myocardial infarction (MI) of at least 1 year. Approval is based on the results of the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 trial that compared ticagrelor with placebo (in conjunction with low-dose aspirin) in stable patients who had had a spontaneous MI 1-3 years prior to enrolment and were at high risk of atherothrombotic events...
December 2017: Drugs
Janette Greenhalgh, Adrian Bagust, Angela Boland, Kerry Dwan, Sophie Beale, Nigel Fleeman, Joanne McEntee, Yenal Dundar, Marty Richardson, Michael Fisher
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) are life-threatening conditions associated with acute myocardial ischaemia. There are three main types of ACS: ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina (UA). One treatment for ACS is percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) plus adjunctive treatment with antiplatelet drugs. Dual therapy antiplatelet treatment [aspirin plus either prasugrel (Efient(®), Daiichi Sankyo Company Ltd UK/Eli Lilly and Company Ltd), clopidogrel or ticagrelor (Brilique(®), AstraZeneca)] is standard in UK clinical practice...
April 2015: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Sohita Dhillon
Ticagrelor (Brilique™, Brilinta®), a cyclopentyl-triazolopyrimidine, is an orally active, reversible, and selective adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor antagonist indicated for use in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Ticagrelor has a faster onset of action and provides greater inhibition of platelet aggregation than clopidogrel. In the large well-designed, PLATO study in adult patients with ACS, 12 months' treatment with ticagrelor was more effective than clopidogrel in reducing the incidence of the primary composite endpoint of myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiovascular (CV) death...
February 2015: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
Hanna Schotola, Anselm Bräuer, Katharina Meyer, José Hinz, Friedrich Albert Schöndube, Martin Bauer, Prashant Nanasaheb Mohite, Bernd Christoph Danner, Samuel Sossalla, Aron Frederik Popov
OBJECTIVES: Ticagrelor (Brilique®) is a novel reversible platelet inhibitor at P2Y12 receptor used in patients with acute coronary syndrome and patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. Unlike clopidogrel (Plavix®), ticagrelor has a quicker offset of action, and therefore, it seems that platelet function recovers faster on discontinuation of therapy. These drugs sometimes cannot be stopped before coronary artery bypass grafting due to the risk of stent thrombosis or in case of emergency operations...
August 2014: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
C Gebhard, J Beer
Despite improvements in the treatment of acute coronary syndromes, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in Europe and the United States. Antiplatelet agents, such as aspirin and clopidogrel, play an important role in the treatment of those patients. Several new alternatives have been tested in clinical trails and some of them have been approved for routine treatment of patients with ACS in Switzerland and the European Union. The latter include Prasugrel (Efient®) and Ticagrelor (Brilique®)...
November 2012: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
P Lancellotti
Dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel combined with aspirin reduces ischemic events in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The individual response to clopidogrel is, however, very variable from one subject to another, and the risk of events seems higher when platelet inhibition is insufficient. Ticagrelor is a potent oral inhibitor of platelet activity. It binds reversibly to the P2Y12 adenosine diphosphate. The platelet inhibition that it induces is faster and more pronounced than that of clopidogrel. In patients who have an ACS (PLATO study) with or without ST-segment elevation, treatment with ticagrelor as compared with clopidogrel significantly reduced the rate of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke, without an increase in the rate of overall major bleeding but with an increase in the rate of non-procedure-related bleeding...
September 2012: Revue Médicale de Liège
E Giannitsis, H A Katus
UNLABELLED: Ticagrelor, a cyclopentyltriazolopyrimidine (CPTP), is the representative of a new chemical class of P2Y(12) receptor inhibitors that differ from thienopyridines (ticlopidin, clopidogrel, prasugrel) as ticagrelor is not a prodrug requiring active biotransformation by cytochromes in the liver and thus is characterized by a more rapid, more effective and more consistent platelet inhibition than ticlopidin or clopidogrel. An extensive study program for dose finding and safety for AZD6140 (DISPERSE studies) and a large-scaled phase III trial (PLATO) were undertaken on more than 18,000 patients for validation of efficacy and safety...
2012: Hämostaseologie
Yanushi Dullewe Wijeyeratne, Rashi Joshi, Stan Heptinstall
Agents that inhibit platelet function are used routinely in the treatment and prevention of acute coronary syndromes. The main antiplatelet treatments used combine aspirin with one of the thienopyridine P2Y(12) antagonists, either clopidogrel or prasugrel. By blocking the synthesis of thromboxane A(2) in platelets and by blocking the effects of ADP, respectively, these agents reduce platelet activity, platelet aggregation and thrombus formation. Ticagrelor (marketed by AstraZeneca as Brilinta™ in the USA, and as Brilique(®) or Possia(®) in Europe) is a cyclopentyl-triazolo-pyrimidine, a new chemical class of P2Y(12) antagonist that is now approved for use in the wide spectrum of acute coronary syndromes...
May 2012: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
(no author information available yet)
Current guidelines from the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommend antiplatelet therapy comprising aspirin plus either clopidogrel or prasugrel for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, such dual therapy increases the likelihood of bleeding compared to that with aspirin alone. Ticagrelor (Brilique - Astra-Zeneca) is a new oral antiplatelet drug recently licensed in the UK (since publication of the NICE guidelines) for use with aspirin in patients with ACS, including those managed medically or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)...
June 2011: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
Emma D Deeks
Ticagrelor (Brilique™; Brilinta™), a cyclopentyl-triazolo-pyrimidine antiplatelet agent, is the first oral antagonist of the P2Y(12) receptor to offer reversible receptor binding. It is indicated in the EU for the prevention of atherothrombotic events in adults with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) [unstable angina pectoris, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] or non-STEMI), including those managed medically or with percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)...
May 7, 2011: Drugs
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