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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338205/association-between-hepatitis-b-and-hearing-status
#1
S-P Bao
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the correlation between the chronic hepatitis B virus infection and hearing status. This study was performed to investigate the correlation between the chronic hepatitis B virus infection and hearing status. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This research was based on 76 hepatitis-B infections as the case group (including 35 HBV carriers and 41 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients) and 54 normal cases as the control group. They were selected sequentially and audiologic tests were performed on the participants...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337800/mycoplasma-infection-of-the-middle-ear-in-three-cats
#2
Amanda L Ackermann, Jennifer Ann Lenz, Elizabeth R May, Linda A Frank
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma spp. are commensal organisms found in association with the mucus membranes of all mammalian species and are implicated in bacterial infections of many different locations. Mycoplasma spp. as a primary pathogen associated with otitis media in cats has not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To describe three cats with Mycoplasma infection of the middle ear associated with various underlying disease processes. ANIMALS: Three client-owned cats...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333779/impact-of-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-in-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients-insight-into-the-challenges-from-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-uk
#3
Paramita Baruah, Kate Hanvey, Richard Irving, Konstance Tzifa
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the presentation and evolution of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) in children with cochlear implants (CI) and explore the merit of early intervention. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective patient review. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital and cochlear implant programme. PATIENTS: Children with a CI who developed CSOM. INTERVENTION: Tympanoplasty. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Disease control, recurrence of cholesteatoma, cochlear implant preservation...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332898/herpes-simplex-virus-1-and-cytomegalovirus-dnas-detection-in-the-inner-ear-of-implanted-patients-with-non-congenital-infection
#4
Walter Di Nardo, Roberta Anzivino, Paola Cattani, Rosaria Santangelo, Eugenio De Corso, Gaetano Paludetti
CONCLUSIONS: The detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) genome in perilymph of patients with negative serology or clinical history for congenital infections supports the hypothesis that Herpesviridae, even after acquired postnatal infections, could remain in latent phase in the spiral ganglion and damage the cochlea by a possible subsequent reactivation. Further studies are needed to identify the markers of such reactivation. OBJECTIVE: To identify the presence of certain viral species in the endolabyrinthic fluid of deaf patients with non-congenital infection...
March 23, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322111/hpv-in-larynx-squamous-cell-carcinoma-new-serotypes-and-survival-study-within-10-year-follow-up
#5
Alvaro Sánchez Barrueco, Fernando González Galán, David Lora Pablos, José Miguel Villacampa Aubá, Claudio Ballestín Carcavilla, Carlos Cenjor Español, Carlos Almodóvar Álvarez
Objective To determine the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, specifically in the larynx without the bias of other sublocations, and to describe the different serotypes of HPV and their impact on overall and disease-free survival after 10-year follow-up. Study Design Retrospective case series with chart review of ear, nose, and throat oncologic database. Setting Academic tertiary care hospital. Subjects A total of 123 samples of larynx squamous cell carcinoma were included, only from the glottis and treated only with surgery between 1977 and 2005...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306201/a-helpful-technique-for-water-precautions-following-ear-surgery-utilising-the-anaesthetic-air-cushion-mask
#6
M S Osborne, M P A Clark
Water avoidance in the immediate post-operative period following ear surgery is vital to prevent infection, allow incisions to heal and so lead to an improvement in recovery rates. Advice regarding this is varied from 24 hours - several weeks depending on the surgical approach and surgeon preference. Advice is usually given to prevent water from entering the ear canal by barrier methods such as cotton wool covered in petroleum jelly, custom ear plugs, putty or bathing caps. This article is protected by copyright...
March 17, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302522/is-there-a-relationship-between-genetic-factors-and-the-incidence-and-severity-of-h1n1-in-kosova-a-preliminary-investigation-and-pointers-for-further-research
#7
Shemsedin Dreshaj, Avdulla J Alija, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Teuta Doda, Njomeza Geca, Ismet Bajraktari, Nikolaus Bresgen, Peter M Eckl
BACKGROUND: Host genetic factors may impact susceptibility to infection. A small number of studies have investigated the association between factors such as ABO blood groups and selected phenotypes on the incidence and severity of H1N1 infections with inconclusive results. METHODS: Using data from the Clinic of Infectious Diseases - University Clinical Centre Prishtina and based on the examination of 125 patients hospitalized with H1N1 in the period 2009-2014, the frequency of blood groups from ABO and Rhesus (Rh) systems as phenotypical markers were evaluated...
March 14, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292285/congenital-malformations-and-medical-conditions-associated-with-orofacial-clefts-in-children-in-burkina-faso
#8
Kisito Nagalo, Isso Ouédraogo, Jean-Martin Laberge, Louise Caouette-Laberge, Jean Turgeon
BACKGROUND: Orofacial clefts are usually isolated cases but can be associated with other congenital malformations that are either recognised or unrecognised syndromes. The reported prevalence and pattern of such associated malformations, however, vary among studies. OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequencies and aetiologies of congenital malformations and associated medical conditions in children with orofacial clefts in Burkina Faso (Western Africa). METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out at the El Fateh-Suka Clinic in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso...
March 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288764/acaricidal-activities-of-the-essential-oil-from-rhododendron-nivale-hook-f-and-its-main-compund-%C3%AE-cadinene-against-psoroptes-cuniculi
#9
Xiao Guo, Xiaofei Shang, Bing Li, Xu Zheng Zhou, Hao Wen, Jiyu Zhang
In this paper, the acaricidal activities of Rhododendron nivale Hook. f. and its main compound, δ-cadinene were investigated, and the chemical composition of the essential oil was analyzed. The results showed that among aqueous, 70% ethanols, acetic ether, chloroform, petroleum ether and essential oil extracts from the shoots and leaves, the essential oil showed the best in vitro acaricidal activity against adult P. cuniculi, which occurred in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. The median lethal time (LT50) values of four concentrations (33...
March 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285827/our-auditory-results-using-the-vibrant-soundbridge-on-the-long-process-of-the-incus-20-years-of-data
#10
Anaïs Grégoire, Jean-Philippe Van Damme, Chantal Gilain, Benoit Bihin, Pierre Garin
OBJECTIVE: After 20 years of experience with different types of middle ear implants, we analyzed our database about the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) to know the rate of complications, the effect on the residual hearing and the audiometric gain in our center. METHOD: The study was retrospective and included all VSB implants bound to the long process of the incus in our tertiary medical center between january 1999 and february 2015. We observed the effect of surgery on residual hearing by comparing bone and air conduction thresholds before and after implantation...
March 9, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275981/clinical-profile-and-outcomes-of-management-of-orbital-cellulitis-in-upper-egypt
#11
Ahmed Mohamed Kamal Elshafei, Mohamed Farouk Sayed, Raafat Mohyeldeen Abdelrahman Abdallah
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to study the etiology, clinical findings, and outcomes of management of cases of orbital cellulitis treated in Minia University Hospital in Upper Egypt over the period of 6 years from July 2009 to July 2015. One-hundred two patients diagnosed to have orbital cellulitis were admitted to the hospital and treated on inpatient basis from July 2009 to July 2015. All patients were subjected to full ophthalmological examination, systemic evaluation, and ear, nose, and throat (ENT) consultation...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267441/natural-infection-of-nesokia-indica-with-leishmania-major-and-leishmania-infantum-parasites-in-damghan-city-northern-iran
#12
Behrad Pourmohammadi, Sadegh Mohammadi-Azni, Mohsen Kalantari
Various species of rodents are proven reservoir hosts of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in different provinces of Iran and potential reservoir hosts of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the leishmanial infection of rodents in Damghan city from April to September, 2015. Sum of 100 rodents of three species; Nesokia indica (95), Mus musculus (3), and Microtus socialis (2), were trapped alive and their tissue samples were examined using parasitological and molecular (nested-PCR) methods...
March 4, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264806/multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-management-of-a-case-of-classical-respiratory-diphtheria-requiring-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-feeding
#13
Matthew James Haywood, Ananth Vijendren, Vikas Acharya, Rohinton Mulla, Miss Jaan Panesar
We present a case of a Caucasian woman aged 67 years referred with a 4-day history of sore throat, dysphagia, fever and nasal blockage. Examination revealed a swollen neck and pharyngeal pseudomembrane. A throat swab was positive on culture for Corynebacterium ulcerans, with toxin expression confirmed on PCR and Elek testing. A diagnosis of classical respiratory diphtheria was made, with subsequent confirmation of the patient's domesticated dog as the source of infection. The dog had recently been attacked by a wild badger and was being treated for an ear infection...
March 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253398/otogenic-temporomandibular-arthritis-in-children
#14
Alice Burgess, Charlotte Celerier, Sylvain Breton, Thierry Van den Abbeele, Natacha Kadlub, Nicolas Leboulanger, Noël Garabedian, Vincent Couloigner
Importance: Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is a very rare but potentially severe complication of pediatric middle ear infections because it presents risks of TMJ ankylosis. Objective: To describe the clinical, radiological, biological, and microbiological characteristics and evolution of SATMJ complicating middle ear infections (otogenic SATMJ) in children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter retrospective study included all children younger than 18 years referred between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2015, for otogenic SATMJ or for TMJ ankylosis that occurred a few months to a few years after an acute mastoiditis...
March 2, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252201/non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-infection-of-the-junbo-mouse
#15
Michael T Cheeseman, Derek W Hood
Acute otitis media, inflammation of the middle ear bulla, is the most common bacterial infection in children. For one of the principal otopathogens, non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), animal models allow us to investigate host-microbial interactions relevant to the onset and progression of infection and to study treatment of middle ear disease. We have established a robust model of NTHi middle ear infection in the Junbo mouse. Intranasal inoculation with NTHi produces high rates of bulla infection and high bacterial titers in bulla fluids; bacteria can also spread down the respiratory tract to the mouse lung...
March 2, 2017: Current Protocols in Mouse Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249709/simultaneous-targeting-of-cd14-and-factor-xia-by-a-fusion-protein-consisting-of-an-anti-cd14-antibody-and-the-modified-second-domain-of-bikunin-improves-survival-in-rabbit-sepsis-models
#16
Masaki Nakamura, Takashi Takeuchi, Tetsushi Kawahara, Jiro Hirose, Kazuyuki Nakayama, Yoshitaka Hosaka, Shoji Furusako
Severe sepsis is a complex, multifactorial, and rapidly progressing disease characterized by excessive inflammation and coagulation following bacterial infection. To simultaneously suppress pro-inflammatory and pro-coagulant responses, we genetically engineered a novel fusion protein (MR1007) consisting of an anti-CD14 antibody and the modified second domain of bikunin, and evaluated the potential of MR1007 as an anti-sepsis agent. Suppressive effects of MR1007 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses were assessed using peripheral blood mononuclear cells or endothelial cells...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247538/management-of-pinna-of-haematoma-study-maphaes-a-multicentre-retrospective-observational-study
#17
Ananth Vijendren, Matthew Coates, Matthew Smith, Olakunle Ajayi, Wesam Al-Dhahir, Jessica Bewick, Phillipe Bowles, Paula Coyle, Cameron Davies-Husband, Sally Erskine, Edwin Halliday, Anna Kaleva, Andrew Lau, Lorna Longstaff, Elizabeth Mathew, Sheneen Meghji, Andrea Testera, Jamie R V Thomas, Michael Eisenhut
OBJECTIVES: To assess current variation in the management of pinna haematoma (PH) and its effect on outcomes. DESIGN: Multicentre retrospective observational record-based study. SETTING: Eleven hospitals around the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-three patients above the age of 16 with PH. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was recurrence rate of PH over a six-month period post treatment, assessed by treatment type (scalpel incision vs...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245737/hearing-disorders-in-cats
#18
George M Strain
Practical relevance: Auditory function is a sense that is central to life for cats - being important in situational awareness of potential predators, pursuit of prey, and for communication with conspecifics, humans and other species. Deafness in cats is most frequently the result of a genetic disorder, strongly associated with white fur and blue eyes, but may also result from acquired causes such as advancing age, ototoxic drugs, infection, environmental noise and physical trauma. Deafness can be sensorineural, where there is loss of cochlear hair cells, or conductive, where sound is muffled on its way to the inner ear...
March 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243478/acute-hemorrhagic-edema-of-infancy-after-coronavirus-infection-with-recurrent-rash
#19
Hannah Chesser, Jeffrey M Chambliss, Eric Zwemer
Purpura, particularly when accompanied by fever, is a worrisome finding in children. Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy (AHEI) is a benign type of small-vessel leukocytoclastic vasculitis that presents with progressive purpura and has an excellent prognosis. Patients with AHEI present with large, target-like purpuric plaques affecting the face, ear lobes, and extremities. While the rapid onset of these skin findings can be dramatic, the child with AHEI is usually well appearing with reassuring laboratory testing...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240820/structural-equation-modeling-of-associations-among-taste-related-risk-factors-taste-functioning-and-adiposity
#20
Shristi Rawal, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Howard J Hoffman, Helen Swede, Valerie B Duffy
OBJECTIVE: Variation in taste perception and exposure to risk factors of taste alterations have been independently linked with elevated adiposity. Using a laboratory database, taste-adiposity associations were modeled and examined for whether taste functioning mediates the association between taste-related risk factors and adiposity. METHODS: Healthy women (n = 407, 35.5 ± 16.9 y) self-reported histories of risk factors of altered taste functioning (tonsillectomy, multiple ear infections, head trauma) and were assessed for taste functioning (tongue-tip and whole-mouth intensities of quinine and salt) and density of taste papillae...
February 27, 2017: Obesity
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