keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ear infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041791/public-awareness-of-audiology-hearing-and-hearing-health-in-the-limpopo-province-south-africa
#1
Karin Joubert, Ben Sebothoma, Khomotjo S Kgare
BACKGROUND: The burden of hearing loss is on the increase, especially in low-income countries such as South Africa. The need for urgent action to prevent ear and hearing problems is a priority, especially as in many cases permanent hearing loss is preventable. In South Africa, as in other developing countries, there is a limited number of hearing health professionals and audiological resources. The lack of hearing health services may impact the general public's awareness of hearing and hearing health...
September 28, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038714/ear-diseases-and-factors-associated-with-ear-infections-among-the-elderly-attending-hospital-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia
#2
Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulmajeed Ahmed Alenazi, Yahia Abdelgawad Elsayed Elboraei, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi, Anwar Khalid Alruwaili, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Alanazi, Bader Khalid Alruwaili, Abdulelah Farhan Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Changes in the anatomical structures and function of the ear can result in ear diseases, and may affect all age groups including the elderly as a result of aging. OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency and types of ear diseases among the elderly attending Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz bin Musa'ed Al Saud hospital, Arar city, in the Northern Province of KSA, and factors associated with ear infections among them. METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital based study conducted from December 2016 through May 2017 included 138 elderly participants...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037520/immunization-with-ljm11-salivary-protein-protects-against-infection-with-leishmania-braziliensis-in-the-presence-of-lutzomyia-longipalpis-saliva
#3
Jurema M Cunha, Melissa Abbehusen, Martha Suarez, Jesus Valenzuela, Clarissa R Teixeira, Cláudia I Brodskyn
Leishmania is transmitted in the presence of sand fly saliva. Protective immunity generated by saliva has encouraged identification of a vector salivary-based vaccine. Previous studies have shown that immunization with LJM11, a salivary protein from Lutzomyia longipalpis, is able to induce a Th1 immune response and protect mice against bites of Leishmania major-infected Lutzomyia longipalpis. Here, we further investigate if immunization with LJM11 recombinant protein is able to confer cross-protection against infection with Leishmania braziliensis associated with salivary gland sonicate (SGS) from Lutzomyia intermedia or Lu...
October 13, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026816/aesthetic-refinements-in-forehead-flap-reconstruction-of-the-asian-nose
#4
Yen-Chang Hsiao, Chun-Shin Chang, Jonathan Zelken
BACKGROUND: Traditional paramedian forehead flap reconstruction exploits the aesthetic subunit principle. Refinements and outcomes of forehead flap nasal reconstruction largely reflect Western experience. Differences in ethnic Asian anatomy and wound healing may foster suboptimal outcomes. We modified methods to address Asian features by extending subunit and flap boundaries, minimizing flap thinning, and overbuilding the nasal framework to combat contraction and suboptimal scarring. METHODS: Between November 2010 and September 2015, 40 Asians were treated for nasal reconstruction with a modified forehead flap technique...
May 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025669/preparation-and-evaluation-of-squid-ink-polysaccharide-chitosan-as-a-wound-healing-sponge
#5
Na Huang, Jiali Lin, Sidong Li, Yifeng Deng, Songzhi Kong, Pengzhi Hong, Ping Yang, Mingneng Liao, Zhang Hu
A new type of wound healing agent was developed using two marine biomaterials (squid ink polysaccharide and chitosan) as carriers and calcium chloride as an initiator for coagulation. Based on central composite design-response surface methodology, comprehensive evaluation of appearance quality for composite sponges and water absorbency were used as evaluation indices to identify the optimized preparation conditions and further evaluate the performance of the squid ink polysaccharide-chitosan sponge (SIP-CS)...
January 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024833/health-of-vlbw-infants-in-germany-at-five-years-of-age-what-do-parents-describe
#6
Juliane Spiegler, Guido Stichtenoth, Inke R König, Egbert Herting, Wolfgang Göpel
BACKGROUND: There are only few data on medical problems and utilization of health services of former very low birth weight (VLBW) children at preschool age. STUDY DESIGN: At five years of age parents of a cohort of VLBW children (N=862) received questionnaires, a medical interview and examination. The results were compared to the KIGGS cohort (Deutscher-Kinder-und Jugendgesundheitssurvey, N=777). RESULTS: Parents of the VLBW and KIGGS cohort reported a very good or good health in 95% in their children...
October 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018494/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-oral-ciprofloxacin-used-in-the-comprehensive-treatment-of-external-bacterial-otitis-an-observational-prospective-study
#7
Alexander Vladimirovich Gurov, Andrey Ivanovich Kriukov, Vera Yakovlevna Kunelskaya, Galina Nikolaevna Isotova, Georgiy Borisovich Shadrin, Yuliya Vladislavovna Luchsheva, Vladislav Olegovich Yakimov, Amit Garg, Shyam Prasad Akku, Namita Gupta
Introduction  Otitis Externa is common ear infection with a prevalence of 1%. Objective  The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical and microbiological efficacy and safety profile with oral ciprofloxacin in the external bacterial otitis (EBO) management. Methods  This is a prospective observational study conducted with EBO outpatients referred to the otorhinolaryngology center in Moscow between March and August 2013. Our study included patients from two cohorts, acute external bacterial otitis (AEBO) - Group 1 - and exacerbation of chronic otitis externa (CEBO) - Group 2...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016668/diversity-of-clinical-isolates-of-aspergillus-terreus-in-antifungal-susceptibilities-genotypes-and-virulence-in-galleria-mellonella-model-comparison-between-respiratory-and-ear-isolates
#8
Eun Jeong Won, Min Ji Choi, Jong Hee Shin, Yeon-Jun Park, Seung A Byun, Jee Seung Jung, Soo Hyun Kim, Myung Geun Shin, Soon-Pal Suh
We analyzed the antifungal susceptibility profiles, genotypes, and virulence of clinical Aspergillus terreus isolates from six university hospitals in South Korea. Thirty one isolates of A. terreus, comprising 15 respiratory and 16 ear isolates were assessed. Microsatellite genotyping was performed, and genetic similarity was assessed by calculating the Jaccard index. Virulence was evaluated by Galleria mellonella survival assay. All 31 isolates were susceptible to itraconazole, posaconazole, and voriconazole, while 23 (74...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994723/middle-ear-prosthesis-with-bactericidal-efficacy-in-vitro-investigation
#9
Magdalena Ziąbka, Michał Dziadek, Elżbieta Menaszek, Rafał Banasiuk, Aleksandra Królicka
Materials used in ossicular replacement prostheses must possess appropriate biological properties, such as biocompatibility, stability, no cytotoxicity. Due to the risk of infection (otitis media and chronic otitis media), it is desirable to use an antibacterial agent for illness prevention during the ossicular reconstruction. The goal of this work was to observe biological properties of a new composite prosthesis made of ABS containing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs 45T). Samples for biological tests and then a prototype of middle ear prosthesis were prepared using injection moulding and extrusion techniques...
October 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992722/the-treatment-of-pseudoaneurysms-with-flow-diverters-after-malignant-otitis-externa
#10
Tamás Németh, László Szakács, Zsolt Bella, Valéria Majoros, Pál Barzó, Erika Vörös
Background We report a case of bilateral malignant otitis externa complicated with bilateral petrous internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysms and their successful treatment with a flow diverter. Case report A 68-year-old woman with serious complications of type II diabetes mellitus had malignant otitis externa on the right side. She was treated with combined antibiotic therapy and underwent mastoidectomy for mastoiditis. She presented at our hospital with acute hemorrhage from the right external auditory canal...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990356/thalidomide-embryopathy-as-possible-cause-of-anterior-sacral-meningocele-a-case-report
#11
Davide Marco Croci, Martina Dalolio, Stefan Schaeren, Morten G Wasner, Luigi Mariani, Gregory F Jost
A 54-year-old male presented with a sudden burning sensation during urination and left flank pain. Apart from having congenital facial palsy and malformation of the inner right ear that was linked to thalidomide embryopathy, the patient has always been in good health. Urine examination showed the presence of a urinary tract infection. An abdominal ultrasound revealed a large cyst in the lower abdomen, which on MRI corresponded to a large anterior sacral meningocele (ASM) with sacral agenesis at S1/S2. After antibiotic treatment and the spontaneous passage of a kidney stone, the symptoms resolved...
October 9, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988664/epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-in-otitis-media-in-taiwanese-children
#12
Ying-Chun Cho, Nan-Chang Chiu, Fu-Yuan Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Ching-Ying Huang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Kuo-Sheng Lee, Hsin Chi
BACKGROUND: Concerns about non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) in otitis media (OM) have grown after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). We aim to better understand the clinical role of NTHi in pediatric OM. METHODS: Middle ear fluid samples from children <18 years with OM were obtained from 2010 to 2015. For culture-positive episodes (Streptococcus pneumoniae, H. influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Streptococcus pyogenes), patients' demographic and clinical information were reviewed and analyzed...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986902/agrobacterium-and-biolistic-mediated-transformation-of-maize-b104-inbred
#13
Jennifer A Raji, Bronwyn Frame, Daniel Little, Tri Joko Santoso, Kan Wang
Genetic transformation of maize inbred genotypes remains non-routine for many laboratories due to variations in cell competency to induce embryogenic callus, as well as the cell's ability to receive and incorporate transgenes into the genome. This chapter describes two transformation protocols using Agrobacterium- and biolistic-mediated methods for gene delivery. Immature zygotic embryos of maize inbred B104, excised from ears harvested 10-14 days post pollination, are used as starting explant material. Disarmed Agrobacterium strains harboring standard binary vectors and the biolistic gun system Bio-Rad PDS-1000/He are used as gene delivery systems...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984657/osseointegrated-prosthetic-ear-reconstruction-in-cases-of-skin-malignancy-technique-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction
#14
Cori A Agarwal, Dana Johns, Paul B Tanner, Robert H I Andtbacka
BACKGROUND: Ear reconstruction with osseointegrated prosthetic implants is a well-established method of reconstruction after resection of skin malignancies on the external ear. There is limited literature reporting technique, outcomes, and patient satisfaction. METHODS: We evaluated our outcomes over a 5-year period looking at osseointegrated prosthetic reconstruction after auriculectomy for external ear skin malignancies. We report demographics, disease characteristics, technique, and complications...
October 3, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979866/cutaneous-manifestations-of-chikungunya-fever-observations-from-an-outbreak-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-southeast-rajasthan-india
#15
Ramesh Kumar, Manoj K Sharma, Suresh K Jain, Sumit K Yadav, Anil K Singhal
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya fever is caused by chikungunya virus which is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus mosquitoes. AIMS: To study the various mucocutaneous manifestations in suspected cases of chikungunya fever. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients who attended our outpatient department from July 2016 to October 2016 and fulfilled the criteria for "suspect cases" of chikungunya infection stipulated by the National Institute of Communicable Diseases, Directorate General of Health Services, Government of India, were included in the study prospectively...
September 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976820/distribution-and-diversity-of-borrelia-burgdorferi-sensu-lato-group-bacteria-in-sciurids-of-california
#16
Austin N Roy, Mary H Straub, Nicole Stephenson, Kathleen E Sholty, Janet Foley
California has a remarkable diversity of squirrel and chipmunk species (sciurids), and five named and several unnamed genospecies in the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato group (BBSL) of bacteria as well, many of which utilize sciurids as reservoirs. We investigated the prevalence, spatial distribution, and diversity of BBSL in sciurids of California by literature search, PCR of 585 ear tissue samples from 15 sciurid species prospectively collected across 19 California counties, and DNA sequencing when possible...
October 4, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964306/expression-of-calcium-binding-proteins-s100a8-s100a9-and-s100a12-in-otitis-media
#17
Wenzhou Hong, Pawjai Khampang, Tina L Samuels, Joseph E Kerschner, Ke Yan, Pippa Simpson
OBJECTIVES: Calgranulins (calcium-binding proteins S100A8, S100A9 and S100A12) are predominant cytoplasmic proteins of neutrophils and produced by various cells, playing multiple functions in innate immunity and the inflammatory process. Although up-regulated expression of S100A8 and S100A9 genes were observed in an animal model of otitis media (OM), their expressions have not been studied in human middle ear epithelial cells in response to the OM pathogen or in patients with recurrent or chronic OM (recurrent OM/RecOM or chronic OM with effusion/COME)...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964291/hiv-status-and-hearing-loss-among-children-between-6-and-12-years-of-age-at-a-large-urban-health-facility-in-south-western-uganda
#18
Doreen Nakku, Victoria Nyaiteera, Evelyn Llowet, Dennis Nanseera, Gladys Nakalema, Brian Westerberg, Francis Bajunirwe
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric HIV infection and treatment may increase the risk for hearing loss (HL), both sensorineural (SNHL) and conductive hearing loss (CHL). There is limited data on this subject, especially from sub Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the prevalence of hearing loss among HIV positive and negative children, to determine the types of hearing loss and whether Nevirapine (NVP) based antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with HL. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study at two tertiary health facilities in south western Uganda...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961862/national-disparities-in-the-relationship-between-antimicrobial-resistance-and-antimicrobial-consumption-in-europe-an-observational-study-in-29-countries
#19
Lucy McDonnell, David Armstrong, Mark Ashworth, Alexandru Dregan, Umer Malik, Patrick White
Background: : Antimicrobial resistance in invasive infections is driven mainly by human antimicrobial consumption. Limited cross-national comparative evidence exists about variation in antimicrobial consumption and effect on resistance. Methods: We examined the relationship between national community antimicrobial consumption rates (2013) and national hospital antimicrobial resistance rates (2014) across 29 countries in the European Economic Area (EEA). Consumption rates were obtained from the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption Network (ESAC-Net)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958316/surgical-head-coverings-a%C3%A2-literature-review
#20
Lisa Spruce
Microorganisms that cause surgical site infections may either be present on the patient's skin or mucous membranes or transmitted to the patient by health care personnel, the environment, or other items in the perioperative setting. This literature review analyzes the evidence used to support the recommendation that perioperative personnel should cover their heads, hair, and ears in the semirestricted and restricted areas. A literature search produced 27 articles related to bacterial shedding from skin and hair, pathogenic organisms present on the hair and ears, and case reports of infectious organisms passed from health care providers to patients...
October 2017: AORN Journal
keyword
keyword
15166
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"