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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738905/visceral-fat-mass-is-it-the-link-between-uric-acid-and-diabetes-risk
#1
Neda Seyed-Sadjadi, Jade Berg, Ayse A Bilgin, Ross Grant
BACKGROUND: Uric acid (UA) has been suggested as a novel risk factor for diabetes. However, its definite role in this prevalent disease is still the subject of much discussion because it is always accompanied with other major risk factors such as obesity and high visceral adiposity. In order to clarify the role of UA in diabetes, this study aimed to investigate the associations between plasma UA and fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c, lipid profile and inflammatory markers after accounting for the contribution of other diabetes risk factors such as BMI and VAT fat mass...
July 24, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732577/cross-calibration-of-the-ge-prodigy-and-idxa-for-the-measurement-of-total-and-regional-body-composition-in-adults
#2
Brian Oldroyd, Laura Treadgold, Karen Hind
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) body composition measurements are widely performed in both clinical and research settings, and enable the rapid and noninvasive estimation of total and regional fat and lean mass tissues. DXA upgrading can occur during longitudinal monitoring or study; therefore, cross calibration of old and new absorptiometers is required. We compared soft tissue estimations from the GE Prodigy (GE Healthcare, Madison, WI) with the more recent iDXA (GE Healthcare) and developed translational equations to enable Prodigy values to be converted to iDXA values...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725452/mapmysmoke-feasibility-of-a-new-quit-cigarette-smoking-mobile-phone-application-using-integrated-geo-positioning-technology-and-motivational-messaging-within-a-primary-care-setting
#3
Robert S Schick, Thomas W Kelsey, John Marston, Kay Samson, Gerald W Humphris
BACKGROUND: Approximately 11,000 people die in Scotland each year as a result of smoking-related causes. Quitting smoking is relatively easy; maintaining a quit attempt is a very difficult task with success rates for unaided quit attempts stubbornly remaining in the single digits. Pharmaceutical treatment can improve these rates by lowering the overall reward factor of nicotine. However, these and related nicotine replacement therapies do not operate on, or address, the spatial and contextual aspects of smoking behaviour...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722404/high-performance-colorimetric-detection-of-thiosulfate-by-using-silver-nanoparticles-for-smartphone-based-analysis
#4
Chen Dong, Zhuqing Wang, Yujie Zhang, Xuehua Ma, M Zubair Iqbal, Lijing Miao, Zhuangwei Zhou, Zheyu Shen, Aiguo Wu
Developing thiosulfate (S2O32-) sensors with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) for analysis of aqueous solutions with the interference of other anions remains challenging. In this study, we propose a new strategy for excellent selective colorimetric detection of S2O32-. The non-morphological transition of AgNPs leading to a color change from yellow to brown is verified by UV-vis, TEM, DLS, SEM, and XPS analyses. The sensor exhibits high sensitivity with detection limits of 1.0 µM by naked-eye determination and 0...
July 19, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721138/the-effect-of-orlistat-versus-metformin-on-body-composition-and-insulin-resistance-in-obese-premenopausal-women-3-month-randomized-prospective-open-label-study
#5
Magdalena Kujawska-Łuczak, Katarzyna Musialik, Monika Szulińska, Ewelina Swora-Cwynar, Angelina Kargulewicz, Małgorzata Grzymisławska, Danuta Pupek-Musialik, Paweł Bogdański
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to evaluate the effects of metformin and orlistat on body composition and glucose-insulin homeostasis in obese premenopausal women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-three obese premenopausal Caucasian women aged 32.4 ±8.3 years were treated with either metformin (1000 mg/day; n = 37) or orlistat (360 mg/day; n = 36). Anthropometric parameters were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Glucose tolerance, using the oral glucose tolerance test; insulin resistance, using the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR); and insulin sensitivity, using the Matsuda insulin sensitivity index (ISI Matsuda), were assessed at the commencement of the study and after 3 months...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719742/integrated-smartphone-app-chip-system-for-on-site-ppb-level-colorimetric-quantitation-of-aflatoxins
#6
Xiaochun Li, Fan Yang, Jessica X H Wong, Hua-Zhong Yu
We demonstrate herein an integrated, smartphone-app-chip (SPAC) system for on-site quantitation of food toxins, as demonstrated with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), at parts-per-billion (ppb) level in food products. The detection is based on an indirect competitive immunoassay fabricated on a transparent plastic chip with the assistance of a microfluidic channel plate. A 3D-printed optical accessory attached to a smartphone is adapted to align the assay chip and to provide uniform illumination for imaging, with which high-quality images of the assay chip are captured by the smartphone camera and directly processed using a custom-developed Android app...
July 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707634/mobile-learning-app-a-novel-method-to-teach-clinical-decision-making-in-prosthodontics
#7
Saee Deshpande, Jaishree Chahande, Akhil Rathi
BACKGROUND: Prosthodontics involves replacing lost dentofacial structures using artificial substitutes. Due to availability of many materials and techniques, clinician's clinical decision-making regarding appropriate selection of prosthesis requires critical thinking abilities and is demanding. Especially during graduate training years, learners do not receive the exposure to a variety of cases, thus their clinical reasoning skills are not developed optimally. Therefore, using the trend of incorporating technology in education, we developed a mobile learning app for this purpose...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705486/the-influence-of-adipose-tissue-location-on-postural-control
#8
Joanna Cieślińska-Świder, Mariusz Paweł Furmanek, Janusz Wiesław Błaszczyk
A growing body of evidence suggests, that excessive body weight is inseparably connected with postural instability. In none of previous studies, body weight distribution has been considered as a factor, which may affect results of a static posturography. The purpose of the present study is to quantify some center of foot pressure (COP) characteristics in 40 obese women with android type of obesity (waist-to-hip ratio - WHR≥0.85, BMI: 37.5±5.4) and 40 obese women with gynoid type of obesity (WHR<0.85, BMI: 36...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702206/gender-difference-in-the-impact-of-gynoid-and-android-fat-masses-on-the-progression-of-hepatic-steatosis-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Ryotaro Bouchi, Tatsuya Fukuda, Takato Takeuchi, Yujiro Nakano, Masanori Murakami, Isao Minami, Hajime Izumiyama, Koshi Hashimoto, Takanobu Yoshimoto, Yoshihiro Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Increased visceral adiposity is strongly associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, little attention has been paid to the association between the change in subcutaneous adipose mass and the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to investigate whether increased subcutaneous adipose tissue (gynoid fat mass) could be protective against the progression of NAFLD in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of 294 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (65 ± 10 years old, 40% female)...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702072/development-of-a-phenotyping-platform-for-high-throughput-screening-of-nodal-root-angle-in-sorghum
#10
Dinesh C Joshi, Vijaya Singh, Colleen Hunt, Emma Mace, Erik van Oosterom, Richard Sulman, David Jordan, Graeme Hammer
BACKGROUND: In sorghum, the growth angle of nodal roots is a major component of root system architecture. It strongly influences the spatial distribution of roots of mature plants in the soil profile, which can impact drought adaptation. However, selection for nodal root angle in sorghum breeding programs has been restricted by the absence of a suitable high throughput phenotyping platform. The aim of this study was to develop a phenotyping platform for the rapid, non-destructive and digital measurement of nodal root angle of sorghum at the seedling stage...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698170/content-analysis-of-smartphone-apps-for-smoking-cessation-in-china-empirical-study
#11
Feng Cheng, Junfang Xu, Chunyan Su, Xiaoxing Fu, Jonathan Bricker
BACKGROUND: With 360 million smokers, China consumes more cigarettes than any other country in the world. Given that 620 million Chinese own smartphones, smartphone apps for smoking cessation are increasingly used in China to help smokers quit. OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed and evaluated the contents of all smoking cessation apps (iOS and Android) available in China, applying the China Clinical Smoking Cessation Guideline (CCSCG; identical to the US Clinical Practice Guideline for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence) as a framework for analysis...
July 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696681/optical-ph-sensor-covering-the-range-from-ph-0-14-compatible-with-mobile-device-readout-and-based-on-a-set-of-rationally-designed-indicator-dyes
#12
Raúl Gotor, Pichandi Ashokkumar, Mandy Hecht, Karin Keil, Knut Rurack
In this work, a family of pH-responsive fluorescent probes has been designed in a rational manner with the aid of quantum chemistry tools, covering the entire pH range from 0-14. Relying on the boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY) core, all the probes as well as selected reference dyes display very similar spectroscopic properties with ON-OFF fluorescence switching responses, facilitating optical readout in simple devices used for detection and analysis. Embedding of the probes and references dyes into hydrogel spots on a plastic strip yielded a test strip that reversibly indicates pH with a considerably small uncertainty of ca...
July 11, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684524/citywide-effects-of-high-occupancy-vehicle-restrictions-evidence-from-three-in-one-in-jakarta
#13
Rema Hanna, Gabriel Kreindler, Benjamin A Olken
Widespread use of single-occupancy cars often leads to traffic congestion. Using anonymized traffic speed data from Android phones collected through Google Maps, we investigated whether high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) policies can combat congestion. We studied Jakarta's "three-in-one" policy, which required all private cars on two major roads to carry at least three passengers during peak hours. After the policy was abruptly abandoned in April 2016, delays rose from 2.1 to 3.1 minutes per kilometer (min/km) in the morning peak and from 2...
July 7, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679884/gis-mapping-and-monitoring-of-health-problems-among-the-elderly
#14
Zacharias Dermatis, Nikolaos Tsaloukidis, Georgia Zacharopoulou, Athina Lazakidou
The electronic survey in conjunction with GIS in the current study aims at presenting the needs and health problems of the elderly in individual Open Elderly Care Centres in Greece. The online GIS survey enables the continuous monitoring and developing of the health problems of the elderly and helps them in their early care by the healthcare units. GIS survey123 is a customizable tool, which can be used to conduct research that is then published on an Android, iOS, and web platform. The ArcGIS software was used for the geographic mapping of data collected from a wide range of sources, so that health care professionals can investigate the factors associated with the onset of the diseases...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674646/construction-internal-validation-and-implementation-in-a-mobile-application-of-a-scoring-system-to-predict-nonadherence-to-proton-pump-inhibitors
#15
Emma Mares-García, Antonio Palazón-Bru, David Manuel Folgado-de la Rosa, Avelino Pereira-Expósito, Álvaro Martínez-Martín, Ernesto Cortés-Castell, Vicente Francisco Gil-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Other studies have assessed nonadherence to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), but none has developed a screening test for its detection. OBJECTIVES: To construct and internally validate a predictive model for nonadherence to PPIs. METHODS: This prospective observational study with a one-month follow-up was carried out in 2013 in Spain, and included 302 patients with a prescription for PPIs. The primary variable was nonadherence to PPIs (pill count)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659256/users-adoption-of-mental-health-apps-examining-the-impact-of-information-cues
#16
Hsiao-Ying Huang, Masooda Bashir
BACKGROUND: Numerous mental health apps have been developed and made available to users on the current app market. Users may find it difficult and overwhelming to select apps from the hundreds of choices that are available in the app marketplace. Clarifying what information cues may impact a user's selection and adoption of mental health apps is now a critical and pressing issue. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of information cues on users' adoption of anxiety apps using observational data from the Android app market...
June 28, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658804/smartphone-the-new-learning-aid-amongst-medical-students
#17
Monika Y Gavali, Deepak S Khismatrao, Yogesh V Gavali, K B Patil
INTRODUCTION: The use of smartphone is increasing day by day for personal as well as professional purpose. They are becoming a more suitable tool for advancing education in developing countries. Mobile access to information and many applications are successfully harnessed in health care. Smartphones are also becoming popular as an effective educational tool. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate the use of smartphones as an educational tool amongst the medical students...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645891/health-app-use-among-individuals-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-survey-study-with-thematic-coding
#18
Caryn Kseniya Rubanovich, David C Mohr, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: Researchers have largely turned to commercial app stores, randomized trials, and systematic reviews to make sense of the mHealth landscape. Few studies have approached understanding by collecting information from target end users. The end user perspective is critical as end user interest in and use of mHealth technologies will ultimately drive the efficacy of these tools. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to obtain information from end users of mHealth technologies to better understand the physical and mental health apps people use and for what purposes...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644378/an-energy-efficient-multi-tier-architecture-for-fall-detection-using-smartphones
#19
M Amac Guvensan, A Oguz Kansiz, N Cihan Camgoz, H Irem Turkmen, A Gokhan Yavuz, M Elif Karsligil
Automatic detection of fall events is vital to providing fast medical assistance to the causality, particularly when the injury causes loss of consciousness. Optimization of the energy consumption of mobile applications, especially those which run 24/7 in the background, is essential for longer use of smartphones. In order to improve energy-efficiency without compromising on the fall detection performance, we propose a novel 3-tier architecture that combines simple thresholding methods with machine learning algorithms...
June 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636581/the-psylog-mobile-application-development-of-a-tool-for-the-assessment-and-monitoring-of-side-effects-of-psychotropic-medication
#20
Martina Rojnic Kuzman, Olivier Andlauer, Kai Burmeister, Boris Dvoracek, Rebekka Lencer, Katja Koelkebeck, Alexander Nawka, Florian Riese
Mobile health interventions are regarded as affordable and accessible tools that can enhance standard psychiatric care. As part of the mHealth Psycho-Educational Intervention Versus Antipsychotic-Induced Side Effects (mPIVAS) project (www.psylog.eu), we developed the mobile application "PsyLOG" based on mobile "smartphone" technology to monitor antipsychotic-induced side effects. The aim of this paper is to describe the rationale and development of the PsyLOG and its clinical use. The PsyLOG application runs on smartphones with Android operating system...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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