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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529761/developing-and-evaluating-a-mobile-driver-fatigue-detection-network-based-on-electroencephalograph-signals
#2
Jinghai Yin, Jianfeng Hu, Zhendong Mu
The rapid development of driver fatigue detection technology indicates important significance of traffic safety. The authors' main goals of this Letter are principally three: (i) A middleware architecture, defined as process unit (PU), which can communicate with personal electroencephalography (EEG) node (PEN) and cloud server (CS). The PU receives EEG signals from PEN, recognises the fatigue state of the driver, and transfer this information to CS. The CS sends notification messages to the surrounding vehicles...
February 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516238/foot-pain-severity-is-associated-with-the-ratio-of-visceral-to-subcutaneous-fat-mass-fat-mass-index-and-depression-in-women
#3
Tom P Walsh, John B Arnold, Tiffany K Gill, Angela M Evans, Alison Yaxley, Catherine L Hill, E Michael Shanahan
Body composition and poor mental health are risk factors for developing foot pain, but the role of different fat deposits and psychological features related to chronic pain are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body composition, psychological health and foot pain. Eighty-eight women participated in this study: 44 with chronic, disabling foot pain (mean age 55.3 SD 7.0 years, BMI 29.5 SD 6.7 kg/m(2)), and 44 age and BMI matched controls. Disabling foot pain was determined from the functional limitation domain of the Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index...
May 17, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508815/bluetooth-low-energy-peripheral-android-health-app-for-educational-and-interoperability-testing-purposes
#4
Matthias Frohner, Philipp Urbauer, Stefan Sauermann
Based on recent telemonitoring activities in Austria for enabling integrated health care, the communication interfaces between personal health devices (e.g. blood pressure monitor) and personal health gateway devices (e.g. smartphone, routing received information to wide area networks) play an important role. In order to ease testing of the Bluetooth Low Energy interface functionality of the personal health gateway devices, a personal health device simulator was developed. Based on specifications from the Bluetooth SIG a XML software test configuration file structure is defined that declares the specific features of the personal health devices simulated...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508784/vr-medical-gamification-for-training-and-education
#5
Stelian Nicola, Ioan Virag, Lăcrămioara Stoicu-Tivadar
The new virtual reality based medical applications is providing a better understanding of healthcare related subjects for both medical students and physicians. The work presented in this paper underlines gamification as a concept and uses VR as a new modality to study the human skeleton. The team proposes a mobile Android platform application based on Unity 5.4 editor and Google VR SDK. The results confirmed that the approach provides a more intuitive user experience during the learning process, concluding that the gamification of classical medical software provides an increased interactivity level for medical students during the study of the human skeleton...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503199/the-aachen-fall-prevention-app-a-smartphone-application-app-for-the-self-assessment-of-elderly-patients-at-risk-for-ground-level-falls
#6
Peter Rasche, Alexander Mertens, Christina Bröhl, Sabine Theis, Tobias Seinsch, Matthias Wille, Hans-Christoph Pape, Matthias Knobe
BACKGROUND: Fall incidents are a major problem for patients and healthcare. The "Aachen Fall Prevention App" (AFPA) represents the first mobile Health (mHealth) application (app) empowering older patients (persons 50+ years) to self-assess and monitor their individual fall risk. Self-assessment is based on the "Aachen Fall Prevention Scale," which consists of three steps. First, patients answer ten standardized yes-no questions (positive criterion ≥ 5 "Yes" responses). Second, a ten-second test of free standing without compensatory movement is performed (positive criterion: compensatory movement)...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502239/data-versus-spock-lay-theories-about-whether-emotion-helps-or-hinders
#7
Melissa M Karnaze, Linda J Levine
The android Data from Star Trek admired human emotion whereas Spock viewed emotion as irrational and maladaptive. The theory that emotions fulfil adaptive functions is widely accepted in academic psychology but little is known about laypeople's theories. The present study assessed the extent to which laypeople share Data's view of emotion as helpful or Spock's view of emotion as a hindrance. We also assessed how help and hinder theory endorsement were related to reasoning, emotion regulation, and well-being...
May 13, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495006/e-health-internationalization-requirements-for-audit-purposes
#8
Sofia Ouhbi, José Luis Fernández-Alemán, Juan Manuel Carrillo-de-Gea, Ambrosio Toval, Ali Idri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In the 21st century, e-health is proving to be one of the strongest drivers for the global transformation of the health care industry. Health information is currently truly ubiquitous and widespread, but in order to guarantee that everyone can appropriately access and understand this information, regardless of their origin, it is essential to bridge the international gap. The diversity of health information seekers languages and cultures signifies that e-health applications must be adapted to satisfy their needs...
June 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489036/gryphsens-a-smartphone-based-portable-diagnostic-reader-for-the-rapid-detection-of-progesterone-in-milk
#9
Hyunwook Jang, Syed Rahin Ahmed, Suresh Neethirajan
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a popular assay technique for the detection and quantification of various biological substances due its high sensitivity and specificity. More often, it requires large and expensive laboratory instruments, which makes it difficult to conduct when the tests must be performed quickly at the point-of-care (POC). To increase portability and ease of use, we propose a portable diagnostic system based on a Raspberry Pi imaging sensor for the rapid detection of progesterone in milk samples...
May 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483744/etest-developing-a-smart-home-hiv-testing-kit-that-enables-active-real-time-follow-up-and-referral-after-testing
#10
Tyler Wray, Philip A Chan, Erik Simpanen, Don Operario
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are the group at highest risk for contracting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States, but many do not test as frequently as recommended. Home-based self-testing (HBST) for HIV holds promise for promoting regular testing among these individuals, but currently available HBSTs have limited follow-up options, providing only a 1-800 number that participants can call. Failure to actively conduct follow-up counseling and referrals after HBST use could result in delays in seeking confirmatory testing and care among users receiving reactive (preliminary positive) test results...
May 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481270/smartphone-based-escalator-recognition-for-the-visually-impaired
#11
Daiki Nakamura, Hotaka Takizawa, Mayumi Aoyagi, Nobuo Ezaki, Shinji Mizuno
It is difficult for visually impaired individuals to recognize escalators in everyday environments. If the individuals ride on escalators in the wrong direction, they will stumble on the steps. This paper proposes a novel method to assist visually impaired individuals in finding available escalators by the use of smartphone cameras. Escalators are recognized by analyzing optical flows in video frames captured by the cameras, and auditory feedback is provided to the individuals. The proposed method was implemented on an Android smartphone and applied to actual escalator scenes...
May 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480119/evaluation-of-android-smartphones-for-telepathology
#12
Donald Ekong, Fang Liu, G Thomas Brown, Arunima Ghosh, Paul Fontelo
BACKGROUND: In the year 2014, Android smartphones accounted for one-third of mobile connections globally but are predicted to increase to two-thirds by 2020. In developing countries, where teleconsultations can benefit health-care providers most, the ratio is even higher. This study compared the use of two Android phones, an 8 megapixel (MP) and a 16 MP phone, for capturing microscopic images. METHOD: The Android phones were used to capture images and videos of a gastrointestinal biopsy teaching set of referred cases from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP)...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474014/time-resolved-and-temperature-tuneable-measurements-of-fluorescent-intensity-using-a-smartphone-fluorimeter
#13
Md Arafat Hossain, John Canning, Zhikang Yu, Sandra Ast, Peter J Rutledge, Joseph K-H Wong, Abbas Jamalipour, Maxwell J Crossley
A smartphone fluorimeter capable of time-based fluorescence intensity measurements at various temperatures is reported. Excitation is provided by an integrated UV LED (λex = 370 nm) and detection obtained using the in-built CMOS camera. A Peltier is integrated to allow measurements of the intensity over T = 10 to 40 °C. All components are controlled using a smartphone battery powered Arduino microcontroller and a customised Android application that allows sequential fluorescence imaging and quantification every δt = 4 seconds...
May 5, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467473/users-of-the-main-smartphone-operating-systems-ios-android-differ-only-little-in-personality
#14
Friedrich M Götz, Stefan Stieger, Ulf-Dietrich Reips
The increasingly widespread use of mobile phone applications (apps) as research tools and cost-effective means of vast data collection raises new methodological challenges. In recent years, it has become a common practice for scientists to design apps that run only on a single operating system, thereby excluding large numbers of users who use a different operating system. However, empirical evidence investigating any selection biases that might result thereof is scarce. Henceforth, we conducted two studies drawing from a large multi-national (Study 1; N = 1,081) and a German-speaking sample (Study 2; N = 2,438)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467366/support-system-to-improve-reading-activity-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-essential-tremor-patients
#15
Franklin Parrales Bravo, Alberto A Del Barrio García, Mercedes Gallego de la Sacristana, Lydia López Manzanares, José Vivancos, José Luis Ayala Rodrigo
The use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to improve the quality of life of people with chronic and degenerative diseases is a topic receiving much attention nowadays. We can observe that new technologies have driven numerous scientific projects in e-Health, encompassing Smart and Mobile Health, in order to address all the matters related to data processing and health. Our work focuses on helping to improve the quality of life of people with Parkinson's Disease (PD) and Essential Tremor (ET) by means of a low-cost platform that enables them to read books in an easy manner...
May 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465125/protein-intake-and-physical-activity-are-associated-with-body-composition-in-individuals-with-phenylalanine-hydroxylase-deficiency
#16
Rati Jani, Kathryn Coakley, Teresa Douglas, Rani Singh
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether body composition as it relates to dietary protein in patients with phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency is associated with genotype, dietary factors, and lifestyle choices. METHODS: We examined associations between protein intake (intact and medical foods: MF) and body composition in PAH-deficient patients along with, physical activity, and genotype. Protein intakes (total, intact, and MF) were analysed from three-day food records with Nutrition Data System for Research (NDSR) in 59 children and 27 adults (N=86, median age=16...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459556/pred-skin-a-fast-and-reliable-web-application-to-assess-skin-sensitization-effect-of-chemicals
#17
Rodolpho C Braga, Vinicius M Alves, Eugene N Muratov, Judy Strickland, Nicole Kleinstreuer, Alexander Trospsha, Carolina Horta Andrade
Chemically induced skin sensitization is a complex immunological disease with a profound impact on quality of life and working ability. Despite some progress in developing alternative methods for assessing the skin sensitization potential of chemical substances, there is no in vitro test that correlates well with human data. Computational QSAR models provide a rapid screening approach and contribute valuable information for the assessment of chemical toxicity. We describe the development of a freely accessible web-based and mobile application for the identification of potential skin sensitizers...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452236/mobile-access-to-virtual-randomization-for-investigator-initiated-trials
#18
Thomas M Deserno, András P Keszei
Background/aims Randomization is indispensable in clinical trials in order to provide unbiased treatment allocation and a valid statistical inference. Improper handling of allocation lists can be avoided using central systems, for example, human-based services. However, central systems are unaffordable for investigator-initiated trials and might be inaccessible from some places, where study subjects need allocations. We propose mobile access to virtual randomization, where the randomization lists are non-existent and the appropriate allocation is computed on demand...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450900/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-levels-are-increased-and-partially-related-to-body-fat-distribution-in-patients-with-familial-partial-lipodystrophy-type-2
#19
Cynthia Melissa Valerio, Juliana Severo de Almeida, Rodrigo Oliveira Moreira, Luiza Barreto S Aguiar, Priscila O Siciliano, Denise P Carvalho, Amelio F Godoy-Matos
BACKGROUND: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DDP4) is an enzyme responsible for glucagon-like peptide-1 inactivation and plays an important role in glucose metabolism. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate DPP4 levels in patients with familial partial lipodystrophy type 2 (FPLD2) and correlate it with body fat distribution. METHODS: Fourteen patients with FPLD2 were selected to participate in this study and matched to a healthy control group (n = 8)...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445421/an-improved-ble-indoor-localization-with-kalman-based-fusion-an-experimental-study
#20
Jenny Röbesaat, Peilin Zhang, Mohamed Abdelaal, Oliver Theel
Indoor positioning has grasped great attention in recent years. A number of efforts have been exerted to achieve high positioning accuracy. However, there exists no technology that proves its efficacy in various situations. In this paper, we propose a novel positioning method based on fusing trilateration and dead reckoning. We employ Kalman filtering as a position fusion algorithm. Moreover, we adopt an Android device with Bluetooth Low Energy modules as the communication platform to avoid excessive energy consumption and to improve the stability of the received signal strength...
April 26, 2017: Sensors
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