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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922878/development-and-validation-of-a-mobile-device-based-external-ventricular-drain-simulator
#1
Peter J Morone, Kimon Bekelis, Brandon K Root, Robert J Singer
BACKGROUND: Multiple external ventricular drain (EVD) simulators have been created, yet their cost, bulky size, and nonreusable components limit their accessibility to residency programs. OBJECTIVE: To create and validate an animated EVD simulator that is accessible on a mobile device. METHODS: We developed a mobile-based EVD simulator that is compatible with iOS (Apple Inc., Cupertino, California) and Android-based devices (Google, Mountain View, California) and can be downloaded from the Apple App and Google Play Store...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922132/design-of-secure-and-lightweight-authentication-protocol-for-wearable-devices-environment
#2
Ashok Kumar Das, Mohammad Wazid, Neeraj Kumar, Muhammad Khurram Khan, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, YoungHo Park
Wearable devices are used in various applications to collect information including step information, sleeping cycles, workout statistics, and health related information. Due to the nature and richness of the data collected by such devices, it is important to ensure the security of the collected data. This paper presents a new lightweight authentication scheme suitable for wearable device deployment. The scheme allows a user to mutually authenticate his/her wearable device(s) and the mobile terminal (e.g., Android and iOS device) and establish a session key among these devices (worn and carried by the same user) for secure communication between the wearable device and the mobile terminal...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916508/development-of-a-whole-slide-imaging-system-on-smartphones-and-evaluation-with-frozen-section-samples
#3
Hong Yu, Feng Gao, Liren Jiang, Shuoxin Ma
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop scalable Whole Slide Imaging (sWSI), a WSI system based on mainstream smartphones coupled with regular optical microscopes. This ultra-low-cost solution should offer diagnostic-ready imaging quality on par with standalone scanners, supporting both oil and dry objective lenses of different magnifications, and reasonably high throughput. These performance metrics should be evaluated by expert pathologists and match those of high-end scanners. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to develop scalable Whole Slide Imaging (sWSI), a whole slide imaging system based on smartphones coupled with optical microscopes...
September 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914104/influence-of-previous-body-mass-index-and-sex-on-regional-fat-changes-in-a-weight-loss-intervention
#4
Pedro J Benito, Rocio Cupeiro, Ana B Peinado, Miguel A Rojo, Nicola Maffulli
OBJECTIVES: Men and women may lose weight in a different fashion. This study compares the changes in different anatomical regions after a well-controlled weight loss program by sex and initial BMI. METHODS: A total of 180 subjects (48 overweight women, 36 overweight men, and 48 obese women and 48 obese men) were recruited to participate in a 22-week weight loss programme (diet + exercise). RESULTS: Regarding percentage body weight change from baseline, there was no triple interaction (BMI, sex and anatomical region), but there was interaction between BMI and anatomical region (F2,840=34...
September 15, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884861/use-of-idxa-spine-scans-to-evaluate-total-and-visceral-abdominal-fat
#5
J W Bea, C-H Hsu, R M Blew, A P Irving, B J Caan, M L Kwan, I Abraham, S B Going
OBJECTIVES: Abdominal fat may be a better predictor than body mass index (BMI) for risk of metabolically-related diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers. We sought to validate the percent fat reported on dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) regional spine scans (spine fat fraction, SFF) against abdominal fat obtained from total body scans using the iDXA machine (General Electric, Madison, WI), as previously done on the Prodigy model. METHODS: Total body scans and regional spine scans were completed on the same day (N = 50)...
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883678/mobile-clinical-decision-support-system-for-acid-base-balance-diagnosis-and-treatment-recommendation
#6
Mensur Mandzuka, Edin Begic, Dusanka Boskovic, Zijo Begic, Izet Masic
INTRODUCTION: This paper presents mobile application implementing a decision support system for acid-base disorder diagnosis and treatment recommendation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The application was developed using the official integrated development environment for the Android platform (to maximize availability and minimize investments in specialized hardware) called Android Studio. RESULTS: The application identifies disorder, based on the blood gas analysis, evaluates whether the disorder has been compensated, and based on additional input related to electrolyte imbalance, provides recommendations for treatment...
June 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876611/construction-and-validation-of-low-cost-laparoscopic-simulator-using-android-smartphone-and-pop-cast-and-a-laptop
#7
A Vyas, G Goel
Minimal invasive surgery training requires a lot of practice and for this purpose innovative tools are needed to develop methods for practice and training skills outside the operating room. Commercially available devices are readily available but cost effectiveness and availability are major limiting factors in resource limited setting. We present an innovative and cost effective laparoscopic simulator which can be easily manufactured and used for practice of laparoscopic surgery. Using a free android application, such as IP webcam we can relay video to laptop without the use of any cables and uniquely we use the flash of a camera as the light source and a selfie stick for movement of the camera...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873919/development-of-mathematical-skills-developing-game-software
#8
Gyula Hajdics, Tibor Guzsvinecz, Veronika Szucs, Cecilia Sik Lanyi
Using basic mathematical operations is not easy for everyone. The AndMaths game for Android devices was developed to help elementary school students to learn these basic mathematical skills in the number ranges of twenties, fifties, hundreds and thousands. The user can freely select the number ranges.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873812/android-based-daily-routine-organizing-application-for-elementary-school-students-living-with-asd
#9
Eva A Barta, Tibor Guzsvinecz, Cecilia Sik Lanyi, Veronika Szucs
Today, more and more children with Autism Spectrum disorder are diagnosed, which means that around 1% of the population is concerned. Most of the concerned can acquire daily routine tasks by a bit of help and can fit in the society. As Besio et al. said, "…play is an instinctive need for both humans….In children with disabilities, depending on the type of functional limitations, the spontaneity of play is lost and the activity becomes problematic. Children with cognitive and intellectual impairments have a difficulties in communication, social interactions,…...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873811/-sliders-android-game-improving-logical-skills-of-people-with-disabilities
#10
Tibor Guzsvinecz, David Koszegi-Vigh, Veronika Szucs, Cecilia Sik Lanyi
Logic is part of our everyday life. However, there are some cases where people have difficulties using deductive reasoning. The aim of this work is to help people with mild intellectual disability or learning disability to learn the basis of logical thinking. We developed an application on Android operating system to improve logical thinking.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864695/pregnancy-physiology-pattern-prediction-study-4p-study-protocol-of-an-observational-cohort-study-collecting-vital-sign-information-to-inform-the-development-of-an-accurate-centile-based-obstetric-early-warning-score
#11
Fiona Kumar, Jude Kemp, Clare Edwards, Rebecca M Pullon, Lise Loerup, Andreas Triantafyllidis, Dario Salvi, Oliver Gibson, Stephen Gerry, Lucy H MacKillop, Lionel Tarassenko, Peter J Watkinson
INTRODUCTION: Successive confidential enquiries into maternal deaths in the UK have identified an urgent need to develop a national early warning score (EWS) specifically for pregnant or recently pregnant women to aid more timely recognition, referral and treatment of women who are developing life-threatening complications in pregnancy or the puerperium. Although many local EWS are in use in obstetrics, most have been developed heuristically. No current obstetric EWS has defined the thresholds at which an alert should be triggered using evidence-based normal ranges, nor do they reflect the changing physiology that occurs with gestation during pregnancy...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862065/adiposity-but-not-obesity-is-associated-with-arterial-stiffness-in-young-nulliparous-women
#12
Julie Phillips, Carole A McBride, Erin Morris, Abigail M Crocker, Ira Bernstein
Subclinical vascular dysfunction is increasingly recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The evidence linking indices of obesity and vascular dysfunction is mixed. As an example, some data suggest that adiposity may be a better predictor of endothelial dysfunction than body mass index (BMI). The aim of the current study is to compare the association of obesity, as evaluated by BMI, and a direct measure of body fat to biophysical parameters of vascular function including flow-mediated vasodilation and pulse wave velocity (PWV) in healthy nulliparous reproductive-age women...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859509/tele-operating-an-android-robot-to-promote-the-understanding-of-facial-expressions-and-to-increase-facial-expressivity-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Hirokazu Kumazaki, Taro Muramatsu, Yuichiro Yoshikawa, Yoshio Matsumoto, Masutomo Miyao, Hiroshi Ishiguro, Masaru Mimura, Yoshio Minabe, Mitsuru Kikuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855147/consent-processes-for-mobile-app-mediated-research-systematic-review
#14
Sarah Moore, Anne-Marie Tassé, Adrian Thorogood, Ingrid Winship, Ma'n Zawati, Megan Doerr
BACKGROUND: Since the launch of ResearchKit on the iOS platform in March 2015 and ResearchStack on the Android platform in June 2016, many academic and commercial institutions around the world have adapted these frameworks to develop mobile app-based research studies. These studies cover a wide variety of subject areas including melanoma, cardiomyopathy, and autism. Additionally, these app-based studies target a variety of participant populations, including children and pregnant women...
August 30, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841397/changes-in-hdl-c-concentrations-after-16-weeks-of-combined-training-in-postmenopausal-women-characteristics-of-positive-and-negative-responders
#15
Tiego A Diniz, Fabrício E Rossi, Ana Claudia Souza Fortaleza, Lucas Melo Neves, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro, Camila Buonani, Fábio S Lira, Eduardo Z Campos, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Ismael Forte Freitas
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the individual characteristics of body composition and metabolic profile that could explain interindividual variation in HDL-c concentrations in response to 16-weeks of combined strength plus aerobic (combined) training in postmenopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants were divided into tertiles based on percentage of changes in HDL-c concentrations after combined training. Only women in the upper tertile (positive responders [PR]: Δ >10...
August 25, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833117/an-evidence-based-forensic-taxonomy-of-windows-phone-communication-apps
#16
Niken Dwi Wahyu Cahyani, Ben Martini, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, Nurul Hidayah Ab Rahman, Helen Ashman
Communication apps can be an important source of evidence in a forensic investigation (e.g., in the investigation of a drug trafficking or terrorism case where the communications apps were used by the accused persons during the transactions or planning activities). This study presents the first evidence-based forensic taxonomy of Windows Phone communication apps, using an existing two-dimensional Android forensic taxonomy as a baseline. Specifically, 30 Windows Phone communication apps, including Instant Messaging (IM) and Voice over IP (VoIP) apps, are examined...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831581/serum-adipokines-adipose-tissue-measurements-and-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-advanced-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis
#17
Eric Toussirot, Fabrice Michel, Matthieu Béreau, Barbara Dehecq, Béatrice Gaugler, Daniel Wendling, Emilie Grandclément, Philippe Saas, Gilles Dumoulin
We conducted the present study to evaluate the serum levels of adipokines (leptin, total and high molecular adiponectin, resistin), a marker of cartilage breakdown (C2C), and ghrelin together with body composition in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Fifty patients and 50 sex-matched healthy subjects (HS) were evaluated. Knee OA was scored according to the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade. Body composition parameters including lean mass and measurements of fat mass (total fat, adiposity, fat in the android and gynoid regions, visceral fat and trunk/legs fat ratio) were obtained using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
August 22, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816805/development-of-a-mobile-app-for-family-planning-providers
#18
Viannella Halsall, Jennifer Rogers, Jacki Witt, Sejun Song, Hoang Duc Huy Nguyen, Patricia Kelly
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of lessons learned during the development process of an app for iOS and Android based on national recommendations for providing quality family planning services. STUDY AND DESIGN: After a review of existing apps was conducted to determine whether an app of clinical recommendations for family planning existed, a team of clinicians, training specialists, and app developers created a resource app by first drafting a comprehensive content map...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809200/alarm-fatigue-vs-user-expectations-regarding-context-aware-alarm-handling-in-hospital-environments-using-callmesmart
#19
Terje Solvoll, Harald Arntsen, Gunnar Hartvigsen
Surveys and research show that mobile communication systems in hospital settings are old and cause frequent interruptions. In the quest to remedy this, an Android based communication system called CallMeSmart tries to encapsulate most of the frequent communication into one hand held device focusing on reducing interruptions and at the same time make the workday easier for healthcare workers. The objective of CallMeSmart is to use context-awareness techniques to automatically monitor the availability of physicians' and nurses', and use this information to prevent or route phone calls, text messages, pages and alarms that would otherwise compromise patient care...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806858/the-haemtrack-home-therapy-reporting-system-design-implementation-strengths-and-weaknesses-a-report-from-uk-haemophilia-centre-doctors-organisation
#20
C R M Hay, H Xiang, M Scott, P W Collins, R Liesner, G Dolan, R Hollingsworth
INTRODUCTION: Haemtrack is an electronic home treatment diary for patients with inherited bleeding disorders, introduced in 2008. It aimed to improve the timeliness and completeness of patient-reported treatment records, to facilitate analysis of treatment and outcome trends. The system is easy to use, responsive and accessible. METHODS: The software uses Microsoft technologies with a SQL Server database and an ASP.net website front-end, running on personal computers, android and I-phones...
August 14, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
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