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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138195/current-status-of-postnatal-depression-smartphone-applications-available-on-application-stores-an-information-quality-analysis
#1
Melvyn Wb Zhang, Roger Cm Ho, Alvona Loh, Tracey Wing, Olivia Wynne, Sally Wai Chi Chan, Josip Car, Daniel Shuen Sheng Fung
OBJECTIVES: It is the aim of the current research to identify some common functionalities of postnatal application, and to determine the quality of the information content of postnatal depression application using validated scales that have been applied for applications in other specialties. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: To determine the information quality of the postnatal depression smartphone applications, the two most widely used smartphone application stores, namely Apple iTunes as well as Google Android Play store, were searched between 20May and 31 May...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135081/adverse-childhood-experiences-aces-and-adiposity-in-adolescents-a-cross-cohort-comparison
#2
Ana Luiza G Soares, Alicia Matijasevich, Ana M B Menezes, Maria Cecília Assunção, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Laura D Howe, Helen Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adiposity in adolescents from two cohorts in different socioeconomic contexts. METHODS: Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC, United Kingdom) and the 1993 Pelotas Cohort (Brazil) were used. Six ACEs were assessed in both cohorts up to age 15. At 15 years, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and at 18 years, BMI, fat mass index, and android fat percentage were assessed...
November 14, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131592/a-paper-plastic-hybrid-microfluidic-device-for-smartphone-based-colorimetric-analysis-of-urine
#3
M Jalal Uddin, Gyeong Jun Jin, Joon Sub Shim
In this work, a disposable paper-plastic hybrid microfluidic lab-on-a-chip (LOC) has been developed and successfully applied for the colorimetric measurement of urine by the smartphone-based optical platform using an "UrineAnalysis" Android app. The developed device was cost-effectively implemented as a stand-alone hybrid LOC by incorporating the paper-based conventional reagent test strip inside the plastic-based LOC microchannel. The LOC device quantitatively investigated the small volume (40 µL) of urine analytes for the colorimetric reaction of glucose, protein, pH and red blood cell (RBC) in integration with the finger-actuating micro pump...
November 13, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115953/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-improves-body-composition-and-alleviates-insulin-resistance-in-obesity-related-acanthosis-nigricans
#4
Yi Zhang, Cuiling Zhu, Xin Wen, Xingchun Wang, Liang Li, Sharvan Rampersad, Liesheng Lu, Donglei Zhou, Chunhua Qian, Ran Cui, Manna Zhang, Peng Yang, Shen Qu, Le Bu
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans (AN) has a close relationship with obesity. It is believed that obesity and AN have the common pathophysiological basis such as hyperinsulinism. This study is aimed to observe the effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on body composition and insulin resistance in Chinese obese patients with acanthosis nigricans. METHODS: A total of 37 obese patients who underwent LSG in our hospital were selected for analysis. They were divided into simple obesity (OB n = 14) and obesity with acanthosis nigricans (AN n = 23) group respectively...
November 7, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114266/android-application-model-of-suami-siaga-plus-as-an-innovation-in-birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-bp-cr-intervention
#5
Hanna Yuanita Dana Santoso, Supriyana Supriyana, Bahiyatun Bahiyatun, Melyana Nurul Widyawati, Diyah Fatmasari, Sudiyono Sudiyono, Dyah Anantalia Widyastari, Doni Marisi Sinaga
Objective: WHO recommends Mobile health, a practice of medicine and public health supported by mobile devices, to improve community health status and change people's behavior for the health purposes. The present study sought to examine the effectiveness of the android application program of Suami Siaga Plus in increasing husband's scores in birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) intervention. Materials and methods: It was a randomized controlled trial with pretest-posttest design. A total of 38 couples of husbands and pregnant women from three health centers at three sub districts in Semarang was selected by proportional systematic random sampling technique and equally distributed into control and intervention group...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107565/rubber-stamp-templates-for-improving-clinical-documentation-a-paper-based-m-health-approach-for-quality-improvement-in-low-resource-settings
#6
Bernadette Kleczka, Anita Musiega, Grace Rabut, Phoebe Wekesa, Paul Mwaniki, Michael Marx, Pratap Kumar
BACKGROUND: The United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal #3.8 targets 'access to quality essential healthcare services'. Clinical practice guidelines are an important tool for ensuring quality of clinical care, but many challenges prevent their use in low-resource settings. Monitoring the use of guidelines relies on cumbersome clinical audits of paper records, and electronic systems face financial and other limitations. Here we describe a unique approach to generating digital data from paper using guideline-based templates, rubber stamps and mobile phones...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102347/relation-of-changes-in-body-fat-distribution-to-oxidative-stress
#7
Heval M Kelli, Frank E Corrigan, Robert E Heinl, Devinder S Dhindsa, Muhammad Hammadah, Ayman Samman-Tahhan, Pratik Sandesara, Wesley T O'Neal, Ibhar Al Mheid, Yi-An Ko, Viola Vaccarino, Thomas R Ziegler, Laurence S Sperling, Kenneth Brigham, Dean Jones, Greg S Martin, Arshed A Quyyumi
Android fat is a surrogate measure of visceral obesity in the truncal region. Both visceral adiposity and oxidative stress (OS) are linked to cardiometabolic risk factors and clinical cardiovascular disease. However, whether body fat distribution (android vs gynoid) is associated with OS remains unknown. We hypothesized that increased android fat will be associated with greater OS. Body fat distribution and markers of OS, including plasma levels of reduced (cysteine and glutathione) and oxidized (cystine and glutathione disulfide) aminothiols, were estimated in 711 volunteers (67% female, 23% black, mean age 48 ± 11) enrolled in the Emory Georgia Tech Predictive Health study...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099745/a-middleware-solution-for-wireless-iot-applications-in-sparse-smart-cities
#8
Paolo Bellavista, Carlo Giannelli, Stefano Lanzone, Giulio Riberto, Cesare Stefanelli, Mauro Tortonesi
The spread of off-the-shelf mobile devices equipped with multiple wireless interfaces together with sophisticated sensors is paving the way to novel wireless Internet of Things (IoT) environments, characterized by multi-hop infrastructure-less wireless networks where devices carried by users act as sensors/actuators as well as network nodes. In particular, the paper presents Real Ad-hoc Multi-hop Peer-to peer-Wireless IoT Application (RAMP-WIA), a novel solution that facilitates the development, deployment, and management of applications in sparse Smart City environments, characterized by users willing to collaborate by allowing new applications to be deployed on their smartphones to remotely monitor and control fixed/mobile devices...
November 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084262/press-touch-code-a-finger-press-based-screen-size-independent-authentication-scheme-for-smart-devices
#9
M S A Noman Ranak, Saiful Azad, Nur Nadiah Hanim Binti Mohd Nor, Kamal Z Zamli
Due to recent advancements and appealing applications, the purchase rate of smart devices is increasing at a higher rate. Parallely, the security related threats and attacks are also increasing at a greater ratio on these devices. As a result, a considerable number of attacks have been noted in the recent past. To resist these attacks, many password-based authentication schemes are proposed. However, most of these schemes are not screen size independent; whereas, smart devices come in different sizes. Specifically, they are not suitable for miniature smart devices due to the small screen size and/or lack of full sized keyboards...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083059/do-visceral-or-subcutaneous-fat-influence-peripheral-cortical-bone-strength-during-adolescence-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Natalie A Glass, James C Torner, Elena M Letuchy, Trudy L Burns, Kathleen F Janz, Julie M Eichenberger Gilmore, Janet A Schlechte, Steven M Levy
This study evaluated the longitudinal relationships among visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and peripheral bone strength during adolescence. Fat and lean mass, VAT and SAT area and android/gynoid (A/G) ratio were estimated with DXA. Our main outcome was strength-strain index (SSI), an indicator of peripheral bone strength estimated by pQCT at the radius and tibia. Sex-specific analyses evaluated the longitudinal bone-fat relationship from ages 11-19 years with linear mixed models using biological age as the time variable and adjusted for limb length and lean mass in 182 girls and 167 boys...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081870/fun-during-knee-rehabilitation-feasibility-and-acceptability-testing-of-a-new-android-based-training-device
#11
Thomas Sanjay Weber-Spickschen, Christian Colcuc, Alexander Hanke, Jan-Dierk Clausen, Paul Abraham James, Hauke Horstmann
PURPOSE: The initial goals of rehabilitation after knee injuries and operations are to achieve full knee extension and to activate quadriceps muscle. In addition to regular physiotherapy, an android-based knee training device is designed to help patients achieve these goals and improve compliance in the early rehabilitation period. This knee training device combines fun in a computer game with muscular training or rehabilitation. Our aim was to test the feasibility and acceptability of this new device...
2017: Open Medical Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081501/the-effects-of-muscle-mass-and-muscle-quality-on-cardio-metabolic-risk-in-peripubertal-girls-a-longitudinal-study-from-childhood-to-early-adulthood
#12
S Cheng, P Wiklund
BACKGROUND: Increased cardio-metabolic risk is well documented in children and adolescents with obesity and normal weight obesity. However, the associations of muscle mass and muscle quality with cardio-metabolic risk, independent of weight status from childhood to adulthood, has not been examined. METHODS: 236 girls were followed from pre-puberty to early adulthood. Fat mass and lean mass of the whole body were assessed by a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; muscle cross-sectional area, muscle density (skeletal muscle fat content) of the lower leg by the peripheral quantitative computerized tomography (pQCT) and blood glucose, insulin, triglycerides and HDL cholesterol by enzymatic photometric methods...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075431/the-gapmap-project-a-mobile-surveillance-system-to-map-diagnosed-autism-cases-and-gaps-in-autism-services-globally
#13
Jena Daniels, Jessey Schwartz, Nikhila Albert, Michael Du, Dennis P Wall
Although the number of autism diagnoses is on the rise, we have no evidence-based tracking of size and severity of gaps in access to autism-related resources, nor do we have methods to geographically triangulate the locations of the widest gaps in either the US or elsewhere across the globe. To combat these related issues of (1) mapping diagnosed cases of autism and (2) quantifying gaps in access to key intervention services, we have constructed a crowd-based mobile platform called "GapMap" (http://gapmap.stanford...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073519/re-usable-electrochemical-glucose-sensors-integrated-into-a-smartphone-platform
#14
Amay J Bandodkar, Somayeh Imani, Rogelio Nuñez-Flores, Rajan Kumar, Chiyi Wang, A M Vinu Mohan, Joseph Wang, Patrick P Mercier
This article demonstrates a new smartphone-based reusable glucose meter. The glucose meter includes a custom-built smartphone case that houses a permanent bare sensor strip, a stylus that is loaded with enzyme-carbon composite pellets, and sensor instrumentation circuits. A custom-designed Android-based software application was developed to enable easy and clear display of measured glucose concentration. A typical test involves the user loading the software, using the stylus to dispense an enzymatic pellet on top of the bare sensor strip affixed to the case, and then introducing the sample...
October 13, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071901/-an-introduction-to-a-newly-developed-acupuncture-needle-manipulation-training-evaluation-system-based-on-optical-motion-capture-technique
#15
Ao Zhang, Xing-Ke Yan, An-Guo Liu
In the present paper, the authors introduce a newly-developed "Acupuncture Needle Manipulation Training-evaluation System" based on optical motion capture technique. It is composed of two parts, sensor and software, and overcomes some shortages of mechanical motion capture technique. This device is able to analyze the data of operations of the pressing-hand and needle-insertion hand during acupuncture performance and its software contains personal computer (PC) version, Android version, and Internetwork Operating System (IOS) Apple version...
December 25, 2016: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071287/collaborative-noise-data-collected-from-smartphones
#16
Erwan Bocher, Gwendall Petit, Judicaël Picaut, Nicolas Fortin, Gwenaël Guillaume
Noise stands for an important human health and environmental issue. Indeed, noise causes annoyance and fatigue, interferes with communication and sleep, damages hearing and entails cardiovascular problems (WHO, 2011) [1]. From an environmental point of view, noise implies a lessening of both the richness and abundance of the animal species, an alteration of the communication, which can threaten the reproduction and predation, etc. (Newport et al., 2014; Shannon et al., 2014) [2], [3]. Consequently, effects related to environmental noise result in a huge cost for society, with 2...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065476/estimation-of-the-driving-style-based-on-the-users-activity-and-environment-influence
#17
Mikhail Sysoev, Andrej Kos, Jože Guna, Matevž Pogačnik
New models and methods have been designed to predict the influence of the user's environment and activity information to the driving style in standard automotive environments. For these purposes, an experiment was conducted providing two types of analysis: (i) the evaluation of a self-assessment of the driving style; (ii) the prediction of aggressive driving style based on drivers' activity and environment parameters. Sixty seven h of driving data from 10 drivers were collected for analysis in this study. The new parameters used in the experiment are the car door opening and closing manner, which were applied to improve the prediction accuracy...
October 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064417/precise-gnss-positioning-using-smart-devices
#18
Eugenio Realini, Stefano Caldera, Lisa Pertusini, Daniele Sampietro
The recent access to GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) phase observations on smart devices, enabled by Google through its Android operating system, opens the possibility to apply precise positioning techniques using off-the-shelf, mass-market devices. The target of this work is to evaluate whether this is feasible, and which positioning accuracy can be achieved by relative positioning of the smart device with respect to a base station. Positioning of a Google/HTC Nexus 9 tablet was performed by means of batch least-squares adjustment of L1 phase double-differenced observations, using the open source goGPS software, over baselines ranging from approximately 10 m to 8 km, with respect to both physical (geodetic or low-cost) and virtual base stations...
October 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061558/commercially-available-smartphone-apps-to-support-postoperative-pain-self-management-scoping-review
#19
Chitra Lalloo, Ushma Shah, Kathryn A Birnie, Cleo Davies-Chalmers, Jordan Rivera, Jennifer Stinson, Fiona Campbell
BACKGROUND: Recently, the use of smartphones to deliver health-related content has experienced rapid growth, with more than 165,000 mobile health (mHealth) apps currently available in the digital marketplace. With 3 out of 4 Canadians currently owning a smartphone, mHealth apps offer opportunities to deliver accessible health-related knowledge and support. Many individuals experience pain after surgery, which can negatively impact their health-related quality of life, including sleep, emotional, and social functioning...
October 23, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060884/novel-force-sensing-system-for-minimally-invasive-surgical-instruments
#20
Justin Wee, Matthew Kang, Peter Francis, Robert Brooks, Leigh Masotti, Daniel Villavicencio, Thomas Looi, Georges Azzie, James Drake, J Ted Gerstle
Mastering proper force manipulation in minimally invasive surgery can take many years. Improper force control can lead to necrosis, infection, and scarring. This paper describes a novel system to measure, log, and display external forces at the distal end of minimally invasive surgical instruments in real-time. The system, comprising of a Force- Sensing Sleeve, Bluetooth electronics module, and an Android mobile application. A sensorized 5 mm minimally invasive surgical needle holder was evaluated for bending force accuracy, linearity, and repeatability in six directions...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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