keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Self recovery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637141/misconceptions-about-traumatic-brain-injury-among-probation-services
#1
Conall O'Rourke, Mark A Linden, Maria Lohan
PURPOSE: The prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among offender populations is significantly higher than among the general population. Despite this, no study has yet assessed the knowledge of members of the probation service surrounding TBI. METHOD: Knowledge was assessed among members of the Probation Board for Northern Ireland (PBNI) using a cross-sectional online version of the Common Misconceptions about TBI (CM-TBI) questionnaire. Mean total misconception scores, along with scores on four subdomains (recovery, sequelae, insight, and hidden injury) were calculated...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636486/spirituality-religion-and-suicidality-among-veterans-a-qualitative-study
#2
Jaimie Lusk, Steven K Dobscha, Marek Kopacz, Mary Frances Ritchie, Sarah Ono
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explores the relationship between Veterans' spirituality/religion and suicide ideation and attempts. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 Veterans who either endorsed chronic suicidal ideation or had made suicide attempt(s). Interviews explored the bi-directional relationship between spirituality/religion (e.g., beliefs, practices and experiences), and suicide ideation and behaviors. Interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635436/changes-in-the-nature-and-intensity-of-stress-following-employment-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-individual-placement-and-support-services-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#3
Christine Besse, Daniel Poremski, Vincent Laliberté, Eric Latimer
BACKGROUND: Most people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work. Individual placement and support (IPS) programs have proven effective in helping them obtain and keep competitive jobs. Yet, practitioners often fear that competitive jobs might be too stressful. AIMS: To explore how the nature and intensity of stress experienced by IPS clients changed after the transition from looking for work to being employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored the experiences of 16 clients of an IPS program who had recently been competitively employed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635292/assembly-morphology-diffusivity-and-indentation-of-hydrogel-supported-lipid-bilayers
#4
Tooba Shoaib, Prathima Chandra Nalam, Yichen He, Yuting Chen, Rosa M Espinosa-Marzal
Recognizing the limitations of solid-supported lipid bilayers to reproduce the behavior of cell membranes, including bendability, transmembrane protein inclusion and virus entry, this study describes a novel biomimetic system for cell membranes with the potential to overcome these and other limitations. The developed strategy utilizes a hydrogel with tunable mechanical behavior that resembles those of living cells as the soft support for the phospholipid bilayer, while a polyelectrolyte multilayer film serves as an intermediate layer to facilitate the self-assembly of the lipid bilayer on the soft cushion...
June 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633772/omnidirectional-internal-fixation-by-double-approaches-for-treating-r%C3%A3-edi-allg%C3%A3-wer-type-iii-pilon-fractures
#5
Chong-Hua Dai, Jun Sun, Kun-Quan Chen, Hui-Bo Zhang
In the present study, we explored the effectiveness and complications of omnidirectional internal fixation using a double approach for treating Rüedi-Allgöwer type III pilon fractures. A retrospective analysis was performed of 19 cases of Rüedi-Allgöwer type III unilateral closed pilon fracture. With preoperative preparation and correct surgical timing, the reduction was performed using anteromedial and posterolateral approaches, and the fracture fragments were fixed by omnidirectional internal fixation...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632575/clinical-profile-etiology-and-outcome-of-infantile-ocular-trauma-a-developing-country-perspective
#6
Vedang D Shah, Madhu Uddaraju, Amitabh Singh, Rashmi Ranjan Das
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to study the clinical profile, etiology, and outcome of infantile ocular trauma in a developing country setting. METHODS: A retrospective study on corneal trauma in infants (≤12 months old) was undertaken in a tertiary care hospital during a 2-year period. An analysis of clinical profile, etiology, microbiological profile, clinical course, and outcome was studied. RESULTS: Seventy-six infants were included...
June 20, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630624/evaluation-of-the-loading-unloading-and-permanent-deformation-of-newly-available-epoxy-resin-coated-ni-ti-wires-using-self-ligating-brackets
#7
Hazel Garro-Piña, María Cristina Jiménez-Cervantes, Ricardo Ondarza-Rovira, Roberto Justus, Salvador García-López
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the load and unload deflection and permanent deformation of round 0.016'' and rectangular 0.016'' × 0.022'' regular and coated Ni-Ti wires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ni-Ti archwires produced by two manufacturers were evaluated. Both regular and coated round and rectangular Ni-Ti wire segments (n = 15) from each group were submitted to a three-point bending test. Both types of wires were evaluated for permanent deformation at the end of a recovery cycle...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629991/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-subsequent-to-serious-orthopaedic-injury-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Christina L Ekegren, Ben Beck, Rachel E D Climie, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and synthesise the evidence on physical activity and sedentary behaviour following serious orthopaedic injury. DATA SOURCES: Eight electronic databases and reference lists of relevant articles were searched from inception to March 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour measured objectively or via self-report among patients with serious orthopaedic injury (acute bone or soft-tissue injury requiring emergency hospital admission and/or non-elective surgery) were included...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628550/visual-and-motor-recovery-after-cognitive-therapeutic-exercises-in-cortical-blindness-a-case-study
#9
Daniele De Patre, Ann Van de Winckel, Franca Panté, Carla Rizzello, Marina Zernitz, Mariam Mansour, Lara Zordan, Thomas A Zeffiro, Erin E OʼConnor, Teresa Bisson, Andrea Lupi, Carlo Perfetti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spontaneous visual recovery is rare after cortical blindness. While visual rehabilitation may improve performance, no visual therapy has been widely adopted, as clinical outcomes are variable and rarely translate into improvements in activities of daily living (ADLs). We explored the potential value of a novel rehabilitation approach "cognitive therapeutic exercises" for cortical blindness. CASE DESCRIPTION: The subject of this case study was 48-year-old woman with cortical blindness and tetraplegia after cardiac arrest...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628056/time-for-self-care-downtime-recovery-as-a-buffer-of-work-and-home-family-time-pressures
#10
Alicia G Dugan, Janet L Barnes-Farrell
OBJECTIVE: Opportunities for people to recover from stress are insufficient, because demanding and excessive life activities leave little time for recovery. Downtime is a self-care behavior that can occur in any life domain (ie, work, home/family, leisure). METHODS: Using survey data from a cross-section of 422 U.S. workers, we tested hypotheses regarding downtime as a buffer of the effects of time pressure and whether downtime's benefits were related to the domain in which it was taken, or influenced by perceived time control...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627395/the-opioid-epidemic-is-an-historic-opportunity-to-improve-both-prevention-and-treatment
#11
Robert L DuPont
The current narrative describing the national opioid epidemic as the result of overprescribing opioid pain medicines fails to capture the full dimensions of problem and leads to inadequate and even confounding solutions. Overlooked is the fact that polysubstance use is nearly ubiquitous among overdose deaths, demonstrating that the opioid overdose death problem is bigger than opioids. The foundation of the nation's opioid overdose crisis - and the totality of the nation's drug epidemic - is widespread recreational pharmacology, the use of drugs for fun or "self-medication...
June 13, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626932/dentate-gyrus-neurogenesis-ablation-via-cranial-irradiation-enhances-morphine-self-administration-and-locomotor-sensitization
#12
Sarah E Bulin, Matthew L Mendoza, Devon R Richardson, Kwang H Song, Timothy D Solberg, Sanghee Yun, Amelia J Eisch
Adult dentate gyrus (DG) neurogenesis is important for hippocampal-dependent learning and memory, but the role of new neurons in addiction-relevant learning and memory is unclear. To test the hypothesis that neurogenesis is involved in the vulnerability to morphine addiction, we ablated adult DG neurogenesis and examined morphine self-administration (MSA) and locomotor sensitization. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent hippocampal-focused, image-guided X-ray irradiation (IRR) to eliminate new DG neurons or sham treatment (Sham)...
June 19, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626596/management-of-severe-developmental-regression-in-an-autistic-child-with-a-1q21-3-microdeletion-and-self-injurious-blindness
#13
Cora Cravero, Vincent Guinchat, Jean Xavier, Camille Meunier, Lautaro Diaz, Cyril Mignot, Diane Doummar, Sandra Chantot-Bastaraud, Angèle Consoli, David Cohen
We report the case of a young boy with nonverbal autism and intellectual disability, with a rare de novo 1q21.3 microdeletion. The patient had early and extreme self-injurious behaviours that led to blindness, complicated by severe developmental regression. A significant reduction in the self-injurious behaviours and the recovery of developmental dynamics were attained in a multidisciplinary neurodevelopmental inpatient unit. Improvement was obtained after managing all causes of somatic pains, using opiate blockers and stabilizing the patient's mood...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623559/ifn-%C3%AE-induced-reactive-oxygen-species-and-mitochondrial-damage-contribute-to-muscle-impairment-and-inflammation-maintenance-in-dermatomyositis
#14
Alain Meyer, Gilles Laverny, Yves Allenbach, Elise Grelet, Vanessa Ueberschlag, Andoni Echaniz-Laguna, Béatrice Lannes, Ghada Alsaleh, Anne Laure Charles, François Singh, Joffrey Zoll, Evelyne Lonsdorfer, François Maurier, Olivier Boyer, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Anne Sophie Nicot, Jocelyn Laporte, Olivier Benveniste, Daniel Metzger, Jean Sibilia, Bernard Geny
Dermatomyositis (DM) is an autoimmune disease associated with enhanced type I interferon (IFN) signalling in skeletal muscle, but the mechanisms underlying muscle dysfunction and inflammation perpetuation remain unknown. Transcriptomic analysis of early untreated DM muscles revealed that the main cluster of down-regulated genes was mitochondria-related. Histochemical, electron microscopy, and in situ oxygraphy analysis showed mitochondrial abnormalities, including increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and decreased respiration, which was correlated with low exercise capacities and a type I IFN signature...
June 16, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622811/development-and-preliminary-performance-of-a-risk-factor-screen-to-predict-posttraumatic-psychological-disorder-after-trauma-exposure
#15
Eve B Carlson, Patrick A Palmieri, David A Spain
OBJECTIVE: We examined data from a prospective study of risk factors that increase vulnerability or resilience, exacerbate distress, or foster recovery to determine whether risk factors accurately predict which individuals will later have high posttraumatic (PT) symptom levels and whether brief measures of risk factors also accurately predict later symptom elevations. METHOD: Using data from 129 adults exposed to traumatic injury of self or a loved one, we conducted receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses of 14 risk factors assessed by full-length measures, determined optimal cutoff scores, and calculated predictive performance for the nine that were most predictive...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620334/longitudinal-relationship-between-self-efficacy-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-8-years-after-a-violent-assault-an-autoregressive-cross-lagged-model
#16
Egil Nygaard, Venke A Johansen, Johan Siqveland, Ajmal Hussain, Trond Heir
Self-efficacy is assumed to promote posttraumatic adaption, and several cross-sectional studies support this notion. However, there is a lack of prospective longitudinal studies to further illuminate the temporal relationship between self-efficacy and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Thus, an important unresolved research question is whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms affect the level of self-efficacy or vice versa or whether they mutually influence each other. The present prospective longitudinal study investigated the reciprocal relationship between general self-efficacy (GSE) and posttraumatic stress symptoms in 143 physical assault victims...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619306/management-of-viral-oral-ulcers-in-children-using-chinese-herbal-medicine-a-report-of-two-cases
#17
Yi-Chiao Lee, Ting-Hao Wang, Shih-Yu Chen, Hsiang-Ling Lin, Ming-Yen Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Viral oral ulcers are common presentations in pediatric clinics. Although self-limiting, painful ulcerative lesions and inflamed mucosa can decrease oral intake and lead to dehydration. Despite the widespread use of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for pediatric upper respiratory disease in Taiwan, there is little evidence for its effectiveness as an antipyretic or in aiding ulcer healing for children with viral oral ulcers. We report two cases of children who presented with viral oral ulcers to illustrate the potential efficacy of CHM treatment in recovery from herpangina (HA) and herpetic gingivostomatitis (HGS)...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619114/reducing-the-rate-and-duration-of-re-admissions-among-patients-with-unipolar-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-using-smartphone-based-monitoring-and-treatment-the-radmis-trials-study-protocol-for-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Mads Frost, Klaus Martiny, Nanna Tuxen, Nicole Rosenberg, Jonas Busk, Ole Winther, Jakob Eyvind Bardram, Lars Vedel Kessing
BACKGROUND: Unipolar and bipolar disorder combined account for nearly half of all morbidity and mortality due to mental and substance use disorders, and burden society with the highest health care costs of all psychiatric and neurological disorders. Among these, costs due to psychiatric hospitalization are a major burden. Smartphones comprise an innovative and unique platform for the monitoring and treatment of depression and mania. No prior trial has investigated whether the use of a smartphone-based system can prevent re-admission among patients discharged from hospital...
June 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618500/recovery-of-mechanical-pressure-in-a-gas-of-underdamped-active-dumbbells-with-brownian-noise
#19
Marc Joyeux
In contrast with a gas at thermodynamic equilibrium, the mean force exerted on a wall by a gas of active particles usually depends on the confining potential, thereby preventing a proper definition of mechanical pressure. In this paper, we investigate numerically the properties of a gas of underdamped self-propelled dumbbells subject to Brownian noise of increasing intensity, in order to understand how the notion of pressure is recovered as noise progressively masks the effects of self-propulsion and the system approaches thermodynamic equilibrium...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618215/low-density-mechanical-compressible-water-induced-self-recoverable-graphene-aerogels-for-water-treatment
#20
Shibing Ye, Yue Liu, Jiachun Feng
Graphene aerogels (GAs) have demonstrated great promise in water treatment, acting as separation and sorbent materials, due to their high porosity, large surface area, and high hydrophobicity. In this work, we have fabricated a new series of compressible, lightweight (3.3 mg cm-3) GAs through simple cross-linking of graphene oxide (GO) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) with glutaraldehyde. It is found that the cross-linked GAs (xGAs) show an interesting water-induced self-recovery ability, which can recover to their original volume even under extremely high compression strain or after vacuum-/air drying...
June 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
keyword
keyword
15154
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"