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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168305/the-trajectory-of-anhedonic-and-depressive-symptoms-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-and-cross-sectional-approach
#1
Ilka Boehm, Luisa Flohr, Julius Steding, Larissa Holzapfel, Jochen Seitz, Veit Roessner, Stefan Ehrlich
Anhedonia, the inability to experience pleasure, is associated with depression, schizophrenia and also anorexia nervosa (AN). However, it remains unanswered whether anhedonic symptoms in AN are undernutrition-dependent depressive symptoms or a core feature of AN. Therefore, we aim at investigating the trajectory of anhedonic and depressive symptoms over the course of the disorder. Self-reported symptoms were collected in 35 nonmedicated acutely ill, 33 long-term recovered patients and 62 healthy females. The majority of the acutely ill (n = 24) were followed up after >15% weight restoration (short-term recovery)...
November 23, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167795/managing-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-dietary-interventions
#2
REVIEW
Shweta Khanna, Kumar Sagar Jaiswal, Bhawna Gupta
Self-help by means of dietary interventions can help in management of various disorders including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a debilitating autoimmune disease. Dietary interventions necessitate a widespread appeal for both patients as well as clinicians due to factors including affordability, accessibility, and presence of scientific evidences that demonstrate substantial benefits in reducing disease symptoms such as pain, joint stiffness, swelling, tenderness and associated disability with disease progression...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166311/the-use-and-delivery-of-stem-cells-in-nerve-regeneration-preclinical-evidence-and-regulatory-considerations
#3
Abdel Armaiz Flores, Huan Wang
Outcomes following peripheral nerve injury remain poor despite the regenerative capacity displayed by the peripheral nervous system. Current therapies are limited and do not provide satisfactory functional recovery in a multitude of cases. Biomaterials have decreased the need for nerve autograft across small nerve gaps in small-caliber nerves, but the lack of a cellular substrate presents a limiting factor to the effectiveness of this therapy. Schwann cells are the supportive cells in the peripheral nervous system and play an integral role in the physiological response and regeneration following nerve injury...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164186/phenylalanine-and-derivatives-as-versatile-low-molecular-weight-gelators-design-structure-and-tailored-function
#4
REVIEW
Tanmay Das, Marleen Häring, Debasish Haldar, David Díaz Díaz
Phenylalanine (Phe) is an essential amino acid classified as neutral and nonpolar due to the hydrophobic nature of the benzyl side chain. In the field of materials science, the chemical modification of phenylalanine at C or N terminus has enabled to synthesize a large number of low-molecular-weight gelators over the past decade. Thus, many physical (or supramolecular) softgel materials have been fabricated by self-assembly of Phe-derived building blocks, which can be programmed with atomic level information and modification...
November 22, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164163/neurocognitive-deficits-of-concussed-adolescent-athletes-at-self-reported-symptom-resolution-in-the-zurich-guidelines-era
#5
Peter K Kriz, Rebekah Mannix, Alex M Taylor, Danielle Ruggieri, William P Meehan
Background: Previous studies have evaluated high school and collegiate athletes in the pre-Zurich guidelines era; whether adolescent athletes demonstrate similar neurocognitive decrements in the current concussion management era remains unclear. Purpose: To assess for the presence of neurocognitive deficits in adolescents with a sport-related concussion at the time of self-reported symptom resolution. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163856/participant-experiences-of-eye-movement-desensitisation-and-reprocessing-vs-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-grief-similarities-and-differences
#6
Prudence Cotter, Larissa Meysner, Christopher William Lee
Background and Objective: Previous research has used quantitative methods to assess the impact of grief therapy. However, rarely have participants been asked about how they have been affected by treatment using qualitative methods. This study sought to explore participants' experiences of two therapeutic approaches to grief: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR). Method: Nineteen participants were randomly allocated to receive seven weekly therapy sessions of either CBT or EMDR...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162343/long-term-voice-quality-outcomes-after-total-thyroidectomy-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#7
Frédéric Borel, Niki Christou, Olivier Marret, Muriel Mathonnet, Cécile Caillard, Sahar Bannani, Delphine Drui, Florent Espitalier, Claire Blanchard, Eric Mirallié
BACKGROUND: Postthyroidectomy voice disorders can occur without any recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, and probably are the most frequent complication after thyroidectomy. We report the long-term voice quality outcomes after total thyroidectomy without vocal cord palsy using a simple self-assessment tool: the voice handicap index self-questionnaire. METHODS: This observational prospective multicenter study included 203 patients from the "ThyrQoL" study (ClinicalTrial NCT02167529), who underwent total thyroidectomy between October 2014 and August 2015 in 3 French Hospitals (Nantes, La Roche-sur-Yon, and Limoges)...
November 18, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162167/effects-of-pre-and-postnatal-maternal-stress-on-infant-temperament-and-autonomic-nervous-system-reactivity-and-regulation-in-a-diverse-low-income-population
#8
Nicole R Bush, Karen Jones-Mason, Michael Coccia, Zoe Caron, Abbey Alkon, Melanie Thomas, Kim Coleman-Phox, Pathik D Wadhwa, Barbara A Laraia, Nancy E Adler, Elissa S Epel
We examined the prospective associations of objective and subjective measures of stress during pregnancy with infant stress reactivity and regulation, an early-life predictor of psychopathology. In a racially and ethnically diverse low-income sample of 151 mother-infant dyads, maternal reports of stressful life events (SLE) and perceived stress (PS) were collected serially over gestation and the early postpartum period. Infant reactivity and regulation at 6 months of age was assessed via maternal report of temperament (negativity, surgency, and regulation) and infant parasympathetic nervous system physiology (respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA]) during the Still Face Paradigm...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162078/a-tailored-counseling-and-home-based-rehabilitation-program-to-increase-physical-activity-and-improve-mobility-among-community-dwelling-older-people-after-hospitalization-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
K Turunen, L Aaltonen, J Kumpumäki, E Portegijs, S Keikkala, M-L Kinnunen, T Finni, S Sipilä, R Nikander
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) decreases during hospitalization. In particular, the amount of PA engaged in by older people who are hospitalized following musculoskeletal injury is likely to be limited for months after discharge home. Given the importance of an active lifestyle for their recovery and the prevention of future adverse outcomes, there is clearly a need for interventions to increase PA. This article describes the protocol of a randomized controlled trial set up to investigate the effects of a physical activity oriented home rehabilitation program (ProPA) on PA and the restoration of mobility in community-dwelling older people...
November 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159907/the-ability-to-self-monitor-cognitive-performance-during-60%C3%A2-h-total-sleep-deprivation-and-following-2%C3%A2-nights-recovery-sleep
#10
Johanna M Boardman, Bei Bei, Alix Mellor, Clare Anderson, Tracey L Sletten, Sean P A Drummond
We aimed to investigate whether self-monitoring of performance is altered during 60 h of total sleep deprivation, following 2 nights of recovery sleep, and by task difficulty and/or subjective sleepiness. Forty adults (22 females, aged 19-39 years) underwent a 5-day protocol, with a well-rested day, 66 h total sleep deprivation (last test session at 60 h), and 2 nights of 8 h recovery sleep. An arithmetic task (MATH) with three difficulty levels assessed working memory. The Psychomotor Vigilance Task assessed sustained attention...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159864/effects-of-music-during-daytime-rest-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#11
Isabella P Hansen, Leanne Langhorn, Pia Dreyer
BACKGROUND: Sleep is essential to the recovery of patients in the intensive care unit. Patients in the intensive care unit frequently experience poor sleep, characterized by sleep deprivation, sleep fragmentation and abnormal sleep architecture. Factors affecting sleep are multifactorial. AIM: To investigate the effects of music on self-reported quality of sleep during daytime rest among patients in the intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial...
November 20, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158887/medical-imaging-lesion-detection-based-on-unified-gravitational-fuzzy-clustering
#12
Jean Marie Vianney Kinani, Alberto Jorge Rosales Silva, Francisco Gallegos Funes, Dante Mújica Vargas, Eduardo Ramos Díaz, Alfonso Arellano
We develop a swift, robust, and practical tool for detecting brain lesions with minimal user intervention to assist clinicians and researchers in the diagnosis process, radiosurgery planning, and assessment of the patient's response to the therapy. We propose a unified gravitational fuzzy clustering-based segmentation algorithm, which integrates the Newtonian concept of gravity into fuzzy clustering. We first perform fuzzy rule-based image enhancement on our database which is comprised of T1/T2 weighted magnetic resonance (MR) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images to facilitate a smoother segmentation...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157207/an-ethnographic-study-of-the-effects-of-cognitive-symptoms-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-the-impact-study
#13
Bjarke Ebert, Kamilla Miskowiak, Morten Kloster, Jon Johansen, Cara Eckholm, Torbjörn Wærner, Mads Holme, Louise Meldgaard Bruun
BACKGROUND: The manifestation of major depressive disorder (MDD) may include cognitive symptoms that can precede the onset of MDD and persist beyond the resolution of acute depressive episodes. However, little is known about how cognitive symptoms are experienced by MDD patients and the people around them. METHODS: In this international (Brazil, Canada, China, France, and Germany) ethnographic study, we conducted semi-structured interviews and observations of remitted as well as symptomatic MDD patients (all patients self-reported being diagnosed by an HCP and self-reported being on an antidepressant) aged 18-60 years with self-reported cognitive symptoms (N = 34)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157019/patients-needs-during-a-surgical-intervention-process-for-dupuytren-s-disease
#14
Christina Turesson, Joanna Kvist, Barbro Krevers
PURPOSE: To explore and describe clients' needs during a surgical intervention process for Dupuytren's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Design: Interview study with 21 men undergoing surgical intervention for Dupuytren's disease. Qualitative content analysis was performed with the model of Patient Evaluation Process as a theoretical framework. RESULTS: The primary reason for seeking medical care was to receive an intervention to improve hand function...
November 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156425/perceived-provider-stigma-as-a-predictor-of-mental-health-service-users-internalized-stigma-and-disempowerment
#15
Katie Wang, Bruce G Link, Patrick W Corrigan, Larry Davidson, Elizabeth Flanagan
Despite increasing awareness of stigma from mental health service providers as a barrier to recovery, little research has directly examined how it might influence the service users' self-perceptions and treatment experience. The present study examined the association of service users' perceived provider stigma with their experience of internalized stigma and disempowerment, two psychosocial constructs known to hinder recovery. Mental health service users (N = 350) completed questionnaires assessing perceived stigma from mental health service providers, including perceptions of negative affective reactions towards individual users and desired social distance towards people with mental illnesses across various life domains, internalized stigma, and disempowerment (i...
November 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155342/predictors-before-and-after-multimodal-rehabilitation-for-pain-acceptance-and-engagement-in-activities-at-a-one-year-follow-up-for-patients-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-wad-a-study-based-on-the-swedish-quality-registry-for-pain-rehabilitation-sqrp
#16
Anne Söderlund, Monika Löfgren, Britt-Marie Stålnacke
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that pain acceptance strategies related to psychological flexibility are important in the presence of chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, the predictors of these strategies have not been studied extensively in patients with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to predict chronic pain acceptance and engagement in activities at one-year follow-up with pain intensity, fear of movement, perceived responses from significant others, outcome expectancies, and demographic variables in patients with WAD before and after multimodal rehabilitation (MMR)...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154056/a-single-session-of-hatha-yoga-improves-stress-reactivity-and-recovery-after-an-acute-psychological-stress-task-a-counterbalanced-randomized-crossover-trial-in-healthy-individuals
#17
Mateus J Benvenutti, Eduardo da Sliva Alves, Scott Michael, Ding Ding, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Kate M Edwards
OBJECTIVES: Yoga is promoted as an anti-stress activity, however, little is known about the mechanisms through which it acts. The present study investigated the acute effects of a hatha yoga session, displayed on a video, on the response to and recovery from an acute psychological stressor. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy young adults took part in a counterbalanced, randomized-crossover trial, with a yoga and a control condition (watching TV). Participants attended the laboratory in the afternoon on two days and each session comprised a baseline, control or yoga task, stress task and recovery...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152862/relational-interdependent-self-construal-and-gender-predicting-blood-pressure-reactivity-and-recovery-from-stress-in-early-adolescence
#18
Yoshito Kawabata, Wan-Ling Tseng, Dianna Murray-Close
This study investigated the association between relational-interdependent self-construals (relational interdependence) and blood pressure reactivity and recovery from two types of peer stressors (i.e., relational and instrumental) and gender as a moderator of this association. One hundred and ninety-six early adolescents (M = 10.11 years) reported their relational interdependence and participated in a laboratory stress protocol in which their systolic and diastolic blood pressures before, during, and after experiencing peer stressors were assessed...
December 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150382/changes-in-fall-risk-and-functional-status-in-women-aged-50-years-and-older-after-distal-radius-fracture-a-prospective-1-year-follow-up-study
#19
Katie Crockett, Jonathan P Farthing, Jenny Basran, Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Geoffrey Johnston, Charlene R A Haver, Catherine M Arnold
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated the course of recovery after distal radius fracture (DRF) when functional decline and fracture risk may be affected. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to determine changes in overall functional status over the first year after a DRF in women aged 50 years and older. METHODS: Seventy-eight women were assessed for balance, balance confidence, lower extremity strength, gait speed, fall history, physical activity levels, and self-reported wrist pain and function (Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation) at weeks 1, 3, 9, 12, 26, and 52 after DRF...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149716/longitudinal-associations-between-resilience-and-quality-of-life-in-eating-disorders
#20
Esther Calvete, Carlota Las Hayas, Andrés Gómez Del Barrio
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the longitudinal reciprocal associations between resilience factors, quality of life (QoL) domains, and symptoms of eating disorders (EDs). Hypotheses included predictive paths from resilience factors of "acceptance of self and life" and "personal competence" to increased QoL and predictive paths from previous levels of QoL to resilience. METHOD: A total of 184 patients with EDs (mean age = 29.55, SD = 9.17, 94.8% women) completed measures of resilience, QoL, and EDs symptoms over three waves spaced six month apart...
November 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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