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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923565/sound-generator-associated-with-the-counseling-in-the-treatment-of-tinnitus-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness
#1
Andressa Vital Rocha, Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia Mondelli
INTRODUCTION: The relations between the tinnitus and the hearing loss are due to the sensory deprivation caused by hearing loss, since this is followed by the functional and structural alteration of the auditory system as a whole. The cochlear lesions are accompanied by a reduction in the activity of the cochlear nerve, and the neural activity keeps increased in mainly all the central auditory nervous system to compensate this deficit. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the effectiveness of the sound generator (SG) associated with the counseling in the treatment of the tinnitus in individuals with and without hearing loss regarding the improvement of the nuisance through Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)...
November 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921115/-speech-audiometry-for-indication-of-conventional-and-implantable-hearing-aids
#2
U Hoppe, A Hast
The social function of the human hearing apparatus is comprehension of speech. Auditory rehabilitation aims to enhance speech perception in everyday life. Consequently, audiological evaluation contains speech perception measurement. Many speech audiometric methods have been developed in German-speaking countries, which are suitable for quantification of speech perception abilities in quiet and in noise to address specific diagnostic questions. For establishment of the indication for technical hearing systems such as hearing aids and cochlear implants, the Freiburg monosyllabic test has been employed successfully for many years...
December 5, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921114/-postoperative-imaging-of-the-internal-auditory-canal-visualization-of-active-auditory-implants-german-version
#3
I Todt, G Rademacher, P Mittmann, S Mutze, A Ernst
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the internal auditory canal (IAC) and the cochlea is of central importance in neurotology. The artefacts and visibility of the different types of active auditory implants in MRI vary, due to their specific ferromagnetic components. Knowledge of the size of MRI artefacts and the options for handling these is important for the auditory rehabilitation of specific diseases (e. g., vestibular schwannoma). METHODS: The current paper is a literature review RESULTS: MRI assessment of the IAC and cochlea after surgical placement of an active auditory implant is feasible only with a percutaneous bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA, Ponto)...
December 5, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919375/software-intelligent-system-for-effective-solutions-for-hearing-impaired-subjects
#4
Rajkumar S, Muttan S, Sapthagirivasan V, Jaya V, Vignesh S S
PURPOSE: The anatomy and physiology of the ear is complex in nature, which makes it a challenge for audiologists to prescribe solutions for varied hearing-impaired subjects. There is a need to increase the satisfaction level of hearing-aid users by adopting better strategies that involve modern technological advancements. AIM: To design and develop a decision support Software Intelligent System (SIS) that performs audiological investigations to assess the degree of hearing loss and to suggest appropriate hearing-aid gain values...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918233/patient-satisfaction-after-auditory-implant-surgery-ten-year-experience-from-a-single-implanting-unit-center
#5
Simonetta Monini, Alessandra Bianchi, Rita Talamonti, Francesca Atturo, Chiara Filippi, Maurizio Barbara
CONCLUSIONS: The satisfaction rate of the subjects with an auditory implant appears strictly related to the resulting auditory improvement, and the surgical variables would play a prevailing role in respect to the esthetic factors. OBJECTIVES: To assess the rate of satisfaction in subjects who underwent the surgical application of an auditory device at a single Implanting Center Unit. METHOD: A series of validated questionnaires has been administered to subjects who underwent the surgical application of different auditory devices...
December 5, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915580/a-crossover-trial-comparing-wide-dynamic-range-compression-and-frequency-compression-in-hearing-aids-for-tinnitus-therapy
#6
Shirley-Anne Hodgson, Regina Herdering, Giriraj Singh Shekhawat, Grant D Searchfield
PURPOSE: It has been suggested that frequency lowering may be a superior tinnitus reducing digital signal processing (DSP) strategy in hearing aids than conventional amplification. A crossover trial was undertaken to determine if frequency compression (FC) was superior to wide dynamic range compression (WDRC) in reducing tinnitus. METHOD: A 6-8-week crossover trial of two digital signal-processing techniques (WDRC and 2 WDRC with FC) was undertaken in 16 persons with high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss and chronic tinnitus...
January 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913763/perceived-benefit-from-hearing-aid-use-and-life-space-mobility-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Hannele Polku, Tuija M Mikkola, Jean-Pierre Gagné, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Taina Rantanen, Anne Viljanen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between perceived benefit from hearing aid (HA) use and life-space mobility among older adults. METHOD: Cross-sectional analysis of 76- to 91-year-old community-dwelling adults (n = 702). Data on perceived hearing with and without a HA were obtained via postal questionnaire and data on life-space mobility (Life-Space Assessment, range = 0-120) via phone interview. RESULTS: Participants who perceived more benefit from HA use, had a better life-space mobility score (M = 65, SD = 2...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912152/hearing-loss-and-disability-exit-measurement-issues-and-coping-strategies
#8
Vibeke Tornhøj Christensen, Nabanita Datta Gupta
Hearing loss is one of the most common conditions related to aging, and previous descriptive evidence links it to early exit from the labor market. These studies are usually based on self-reported hearing difficulties, which are potentially endogenous to labor supply. We use unique representative data collected in the spring of 2005 through in-home interviews. The data contains self-reported functional and clinically-measured hearing ability for a representative sample of the Danish population aged 50-64. We estimate the causal effect of hearing loss on early retirement via disability benefits, taking into account the endogeneity of functional hearing...
November 25, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908080/behavioral-manifestations-of-audiometrically-defined-slight-or-hidden-hearing-loss-revealed-by-measures-of-binaural-detection
#9
Leslie R Bernstein, Constantine Trahiotis
This study assessed whether audiometrically-defined "slight" or "hidden" hearing losses might be associated with degradations in binaural processing as measured in binaural detection experiments employing interaurally delayed signals and maskers. Thirty-one listeners participated, all having no greater than slight hearing losses (i.e., no thresholds greater than 25 dB HL). Across the 31 listeners and consistent with the findings of Bernstein and Trahiotis [(2015). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 138, EL474-EL479] binaural detection thresholds at 500 Hz and 4 kHz increased with increasing magnitude of interaural delay, suggesting a loss of precision of coding with magnitude of interaural delay...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908030/influences-of-noise-interruption-and-information-bearing-acoustic-changes-on-understanding-simulated-electric-acoustic-speech
#10
Christian Stilp, Gail Donaldson, Soohee Oh, Ying-Yee Kong
In simulations of electrical-acoustic stimulation (EAS), vocoded speech intelligibility is aided by preservation of low-frequency acoustic cues. However, the speech signal is often interrupted in everyday listening conditions, and effects of interruption on hybrid speech intelligibility are poorly understood. Additionally, listeners rely on information-bearing acoustic changes to understand full-spectrum speech (as measured by cochlea-scaled entropy [CSE]) and vocoded speech (CSECI), but how listeners utilize these informational changes to understand EAS speech is unclear...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904958/feasibility-of-an-implanted-microphone-for-cochlear-implant-listening
#11
Jean-Marc Gérard, Laurent Demanez, Caroline Salmon, Filiep Vanpoucke, Joris Walraevens, Anke Plasmans, Daniele De Siati, Philippe Lefèbvre
This study aimed at evaluating the feasibility of an implanted microphone for cochlear implants (CI) by comparison of hearing outcomes, sound quality and patient satisfaction of a subcutaneous microphone to a standard external microphone of a behind-the-ear sound processor. In this prospective feasibility study with a within-subject repeated measures design comparing the microphone modalities, ten experienced adult unilateral CI users received an implantable contralateral subcutaneous microphone attached to a percutaneous plug...
November 30, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895549/the-repeatable-battery-for-the-assessment-of-neuropsychological-status-for-hearing-impaired-individuals-rbans-h-before-and-after-cochlear-implantation-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#12
Annes J Claes, Griet Mertens, Annick Gilles, Anouk Hofkens-Van den Brandt, Erik Fransen, Vincent Van Rompaey, Paul Van de Heyning
Background: Currently, an independent relationship between hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults is suggested by large prospective studies. In general, cochlear implants improve hearing and the quality of life in severely to profoundly hearing impaired older persons. However, little is known about the effects of cochlear implantation on the cognitive evolution in this population. Aim of the study: The primary goal of this prospective, longitudinal cohort study is to explore the cognitive profile of severely to profoundly postlingually hearing impaired subjects before and after cochlear implantation...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895002/impression-material-in-the-external-and-middle-ear-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-a-stepwise-approach-for-removal
#13
Froukje Verdam, Rinze Tange, Hans Thomeer
Here, we provide a literature overview of cases with protruding molding material for earplugs or hearing aids and subsequent required treatment, including our own cases. Patients at risk are those with impaired tympanic membranes or who previously underwent otologic surgery. Symptoms such as otalgia, tinnitus, and vertigo are alarming but do not always arise. In case of doubt, a CT scan is of additive value to prepare for adequate surgical removal and to limit potential damage. A stepwise approach for the clinician on how to address these challenging cases is presented, based upon the literature and our own experience...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893006/what-otolaryngologists-need-to-know-about-hearing-aids
#14
Kenneth M Grundfast, Sara W Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891276/blue-ear-cyst-a-rare-eccrine-hidrocystoma-of-the-ear-canal-and-successful-endoscopic-excision
#15
Taha A Mur, Ronald Miick, Natasha Pollak
Aims. Hidrocystomas are benign cystic growths of the apocrine and eccrine sweat glands. These cystic lesions have been well documented on the face, head, and neck, but rarely in the external auditory canal. Presentation of Case. A 67-year-old woman presented with a bluish cystic mass partially occluding the external auditory canal and interfering with hearing aid use. Lesion was excised completely via a transcanal endoscopic approach with excellent cosmetic results, no canal stenosis, and no recurrence at 1-year follow-up...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885979/gender-differences-in-audiological-findings-and-hearing-aid-benefit-in-255-individuals-with-auditory-neuropathy-spectrum-disorder-a-retrospective-study
#16
Vijaya Kumar Narne, Prashanth Prabhu, Hunsur S Chandan, Mahadeva Deepthi
BACKGROUND: There are many studies reported in the literature that have summarized audiological findings and possible rehabilitation in individuals with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD). However, there are very few studies that have attempted to delineate the gender differences in audiological characteristics and hearing aid benefit in individuals with ANSD. PURPOSE: The study aimed to explore the differences between males and females in terms of demographic details, audiogram, speech identification scores, otoacoustic emissions, acoustic reflexes, long latency responses, and hearing aid benefit...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885978/factors-affecting-daily-cochlear-implant-use-in-children-datalogging-evidence
#17
Vijayalakshmi Easwar, Joseph Sanfilippo, Blake Papsin, Karen Gordon
BACKGROUND: Children with profound hearing loss can gain access to sound through cochlear implants (CIs), but these devices must be worn consistently to promote auditory development. Although subjective parent reports have identified several factors limiting long-term CI use in children, it is also important to understand the day-to-day issues which may preclude consistent device use. In the present study, objective measures gathered through datalogging software were used to quantify the following in children: (1) number of hours of CI use per day, (2) practical concerns including repeated disconnections between the external transmission coil and the internal device (termed "coil-offs"), and (3) listening environments experienced during daily use...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885975/hearing-benefit-and-rated-satisfaction-in-children-with-unilateral-conductive-hearing-loss-using-a-transcutaneous-magnetic-coupled-bone-conduction-hearing-aid
#18
Melissa J Polonenko, Lora Carinci, Karen A Gordon, Blake C Papsin, Sharon L Cushing
BACKGROUND: Bilateral hearing is important for learning, development, and function in complex everyday environments. Children with conductive and mixed hearing loss (HL) have been treated for years with percutaneous coupling through an abutment, which achieves powerful output, but the implant site is susceptible to skin reactions and trauma. To overcome these complications, transcutaneous magnetic coupling systems were recently introduced. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether the new transcutaneous magnetic coupling is an effective coupling paradigm for bone-conduction hearing aids (BCHAs)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885869/pre-market-version-of-a-commercially-available-hearing-instrument-with-a-tinnitus-sound-generator-feasibility-of-evaluation-in-a-clinical-trial
#19
Magdalena Sereda, Jeff Davies, Deborah A Hall
OBJECTIVE: This report considers feasibility of conducting a UK trial of combination devices for tinnitus, using data from the study which evaluated different listener programmes available within the pre-market version of Oticon Alta with Tinnitus Sound Generator. DESIGN: Open and closed questions addressed the following feasibility issues: (1) Participant recruitment; (2) Device acceptability; (3) Programme preferences in different self-nominated listening situations; (4) Usability; (5) Compliance; (6) Adverse events...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881481/emotion-understanding-in-preschool-children-with-mild-to-severe-hearing-loss
#20
Nina J Laugen, Karl H Jacobsen, Carolien Rieffe, Lars Wichstrøm
Deaf and hard of hearing school-aged children are at risk for delayed development of emotion understanding; however, little is known about this during the preschool years. We compared the level of emotion understanding in a group of 35 4-5-year-old children who use hearing aids to that of 130 children with typical hearing. Moreover, we investigated the parents' perception of their child's level of emotion understanding. Children were assessed with the Test of Emotion Comprehension. Parents were presented with the same test and asked to guess what their child answered on each item...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
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