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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097918/the-hearing-benefit-of-cochlear-implantation-for-individuals-with-unilateral-hearing-loss-but-no-tinnitus
#1
Henryk Skarzynski, Artur Lorens, Marika Kruszynska, Anita Obrycka, Dorota Pastuszak, Piotr Henryk Skarzynski
CONCLUSION: Cochlear implants improve the hearing abilities of individuals with unilateral hearing loss and no tinnitus. The benefit is no different from that seen in patients with unilateral hearing loss and incapacitating tinnitus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hearing outcomes after cochlear implantation in individuals with unilateral hearing loss and no tinnitus and compare them to those obtained in a similar group who had incapacitating tinnitus. METHODS: Six cases who did not experience tinnitus before operation and 15 subjects with pre-operative tinnitus were evaluated with a structured interview, a monosyllabic word test under difficult listening situations, a sound localization test, and an APHAB (abbreviated profile of hearing aid benefit) questionnaire...
January 18, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093303/chlorogenic-acid-rescues-sensorineural-auditory-function-in-a-diabetic-animal-model
#2
Bin Na Hong, Youn Hee Nam, Sang Ho Woo, Tong Ho Kang
Recently, many studies have reported that sensorineural hearing impairment related to neurological disorders may be caused by diabetes mellitus. However, to date, only a small number of studies have investigated the treatment of sensorineural hearing impairment. In the present study, the effects of chlorogenic acid on diabetic auditory pathway impairment were evaluated by neuro-electrical physiological measurements and morphological investigations. We have shown that CA efficiently prevents the progression of auditory pathway dysfunction caused by DM using auditory brainstem responses and auditory middle latency responses in mice...
January 13, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079678/sound-localization-in-patients-with-congential-unilateral-conductive-hearing-loss-with-a-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-implant
#3
Erich Vyskocil, Rudolfs Liepins, Alexandra Kaider, Michaela Blineder, Sasan Hamzavi
OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus regarding the benefit of implantable hearing aids in congenital unilateral conductive hearing loss (UCHL). This study aimed to measure sound source localization performance in patients with congenital UCHL and contralateral normal hearing who received a new bone conduction implant. STUDY DESIGN: Evaluation of within-subject performance differences for sound source localization in a horizontal plane. SETTING: Tertiary referral center...
January 10, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073727/psychosocial-vulnerability-and-hiv-aids-epidemiological-situation-among-people-with-hearing-disabilities-in-four-towns-in-cameroon
#4
C P Mboua, A Touko
The scientific literature about disabled people has stressed their high exposure to social exclusion and marginalization, linked to ways of thinking and representations about them. In the area of HIV/AIDS, this marginalization, which results in higher levels of self-stigmatization and especially in inequalities in prevention, continues to put disabled people at high risk of HIV infection. The current study, conducted with a socioepidemiological and behavioral approach, included 317 people with hearing disabilities, recruited through purposive sampling combined with a snowball approach...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072655/skin-necrosis-after-implantation-with-the-baha-attract-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Stephanie Y Chen, Dean Mancuso, Anil K Lalwani
OBJECTIVE: The bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) Attract is a transcutaneous bone conduction hearing aid that uses magnetic coupling to enable sound conduction. We report the first case of skin necrosis associated with the BAHA Attract and perform a literature review of soft tissue complications related to the device. PATIENT: A single patient who was found to develop skin necrosis 2 weeks after being fitted for the BAHA Attract speech processor. INTERVENTION: After the patient developed skin necrosis from the device, she was advised to immediately discontinue use of the Attract to allow complete wound healing, upon which the Attract was successfully converted to a percutaneous BAHA...
January 9, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060992/a-longitudinal-study-in-children-with-sequential-bilateral-cochlear-implants-time-course-for-the-second-implanted-ear-and-bilateral-performance
#6
Ruth M Reeder, Jill B Firszt, Jamie H Cadieux, Michael J Strube
Purpose: Whether, and if so when, a second-ear cochlear implant should be provided to older, unilaterally implanted children is an ongoing clinical question. This study evaluated rate of speech recognition progress for the second implanted ear and with bilateral cochlear implants in older sequentially implanted children and evaluated localization abilities. Method: A prospective longitudinal study included 24 bilaterally implanted children (mean ear surgeries at 5...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060175/cochlear-nerve-deficiency-and-brain-abnormalities-in-pediatric-patients
#7
Thierry Morlet, Markian Pazuniak, Robert C O'Reilly, Vinay Kandula, Arabinda K Choudhary
HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the intracranial abnormalities present in children with cochlear nerve deficiency (CND), including abnormalities of other cranial nerves, and to describe their auditory abilities. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of CND has increased with the development of high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There are varying degrees of CND from true aplasia to hypoplasia. The etiology of CND remains unclear and it may be associated with intracranial abnormalities in some instances...
January 4, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060022/otosclerosis-an-update-on-diagnosis-and-treatment
#8
Lora Batson, Denise Rizzolo
Otosclerosis is a complex and progressive disease of pathological bone remodeling that affects the otic capsule of the temporal bone, resulting in hearing loss. Although traditional diagnostic methods are still used, improvements in technology and research have paved the way for additional diagnostic techniques and advancements. The traditional treatment of otosclerosis, stapes surgery, is now being augmented or replaced by innovations in hearing aid technology and cochlear implants. Earlier diagnosis of otosclerosis can occur through understanding of the cause, risk factors, and current diagnostic testing...
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059448/change-in-loneliness-after-intervention-with-cochlear-implants-or-hearing-aids
#9
Kevin J Contrera, Yoon K Sung, Joshua Betz, Lingsheng Li, Frank R Lin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of hearing aid (HA) and cochlear implant (CI) use on loneliness in adults. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen adults, aged ≥ 50 years, with postlingual hearing loss and receiving routine clinical care at a tertiary academic medical center, were evaluated with the University of California at Los Angeles Loneliness Scale before and 6 and 12 months after intervention with HAs or CIs...
January 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057076/audiometric-findings-with-voluntary-tensor-tympani-contraction
#10
Brandon Wickens, Duncan Floyd, Manohar Bance
BACKGROUND: Tensor tympani contraction may have a "signature" audiogram. This study demonstrates audiometric findings during voluntary tensor tympani contraction. METHODS: Five volunteers possessing the ability to voluntarily contract their tensor tympani muscles were identified and enrolled. Tensor tympani contraction was confirmed with characteristic tympanometry findings. Study subjects underwent conventional audiometry. Air conduction and bone conduction threshold testing was performed with and without voluntary tensor tympani contraction...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055184/realization-of-a-high-sensitivity-microphone-for-a-hearing-aid-using-a-graphene-pmma-laminated-diaphragm
#11
SeongTak Woo, Jae-Hyung Han, Jyung Hyun Lee, Sunghun Cho, Ki-Woong Seong, Muhan Choi, Jin-Ho Cho
Microphones for hearing aid systems are required to have high sensitivity, an appropriate bandwidth, and a wide dynamic range. In this paper, a high sensitivity microphone, 4 mm in diameter and using a multilayer graphene-PMMA laminated diaphragm that can be applied in hearing aids, is designed, optimized, and implemented. Typically, polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) has been used for the diaphragm of electret condenser microphones (ECM), and this method provides simple, low cost mass production. Generally, the sensitivity of the commercial 4 mm diameter ECM is about -30 to 35 dB (0 dB = 1 V/Pa)...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054993/impact-of-the-real-cost-campaign-on-adolescents-recall-attitudes-and-risk-perceptions-about-tobacco-use-a-national-study
#12
Li-Ling Huang, Allison J Lazard, Jessica K Pepper, Seth M Noar, Leah M Ranney, Adam O Goldstein
The Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) The Real Cost campaign advertisements (ads) have targeted U.S. youth with messages designed to prevent and reduce tobacco use. This study examined exposure to The Real Cost campaign, including ad and slogan recall, and associations with attitudes and risk perceptions among U.S. adolescents. We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of adolescents aged 13 to 17 years (n = 1125) surveyed by phone from October 2014 to June 2015. We assessed aided recall of and attitudes toward four campaign ads and the one slogan...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054911/evaluation-of-a-wind-noise-attenuation-algorithm-on-subjective-annoyance-and-speech-in-wind-performance
#13
Petri Korhonen, Francis Kuk, Eric Seper, Martin Mørkebjerg, Majken Roikjer
BACKGROUND: Wind noise is a common problem reported by hearing aid wearers. The MarkeTrak VIII reported that 42% of hearing aid wearers are not satisfied with the performance of their hearing aids in situations where wind is present. PURPOSE: The current study investigated the effect of a new wind noise attenuation (WNA) algorithm on subjective annoyance and speech recognition in the presence of wind. RESEARCH DESIGN: A single-blinded, repeated measures design was used...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054908/binaural-interference-and-the-effects-of-age-and-hearing-loss
#14
Bruna S S Mussoi, Ruth A Bentler
BACKGROUND: The existence of binaural interference, defined here as poorer speech recognition with both ears than with the better ear alone, is well documented. Studies have suggested that its prevalence may be higher in the elderly population. However, no study to date has explored binaural interference in groups of younger and older adults in conditions that favor binaural processing (i.e., in spatially separated noise). Also, the effects of hearing loss have not been studied. PURPOSE: To examine binaural interference through speech perception tests, in groups of younger adults with normal hearing, older adults with normal hearing for their age, and older adults with hearing loss...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052264/a-retrospective-multicentre-cohort-review-of-patient-characteristics-and-surgical-aspects-versus-the-long-term-outcomes-for-recipients-of-a-fully-implantable-active-middle-ear-implant
#15
Philippe P Lefebvre, Javier Gisbert, Domenico Cuda, Stéphane Tringali, Arnaud Deveze
OBJECTIVE: To summarise treatment outcomes compared to surgical and patient variables for a multicentre recipient cohort using a fully implantable active middle ear implant for hearing impairment. To describe the authors' preferred surgical technique to determine microphone placement. STUDY DESIGN: Multicentre retrospective, observational survey. SETTING: Five tertiary referral centres. PATIENTS: Carina recipients (66 ears, 62 subjects) using the current Cochlear® Carina® System or the legacy device, the Otologics® Fully Implantable Middle Ear, with a T2 transducer...
January 5, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050214/satisfaction-of-elderly-hearing-aid-users
#16
Lorena Kozlowski, Angela Ribas, Gleide Almeida, Idalina Luz
Introduction The impact of auditory sensory deprivation in the life of an individual is enormous because it not only affects one's ability to properly understand auditory information, but also the way people relate to their environment and their culture. The monitoring of adult and elderly subjects with hearing loss is intended to minimize the difficulties and handicaps that occur as a consequence of this pathology. Objective To evaluate the level of user satisfaction with hearing aids. Methods A clinical and experimental study involving 91 elderly hearing aid users...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045838/effect-of-context-and-hearing-loss-on-time-gated-word-recognition-in-children
#17
Dawna Lewis, Judy Kopun, Ryan McCreery, Marc Brennan, Kanae Nishi, Evan Cordrey, Pat Stelmachowicz, Mary Pat Moeller
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine word recognition in children who are hard of hearing (CHH) and children with normal hearing (CNH) in response to time-gated words presented in high- versus low-predictability sentences (HP, LP), where semantic cues were manipulated. Findings inform our understanding of how CHH combine cognitive-linguistic and acoustic-phonetic cues to support spoken word recognition. It was hypothesized that both groups of children would be able to make use of linguistic cues provided by HP sentences to support word recognition...
December 30, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045591/clinical-practice-guideline-update
#18
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
Objective This update of the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation cerumen impaction clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing cerumen impaction. Cerumen impaction is defined as an accumulation of cerumen that causes symptoms, prevents assessment of the ear, or both. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the development group; new evidence (3 guidelines, 5 systematic reviews, and 6 randomized controlled trials); enhanced information on patient education and counseling; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; expanded action statement profiles to explicitly state quality improvement opportunities, confidence in the evidence, intentional vagueness, and differences of opinion; an enhanced external review process to include public comment and journal peer review; and 3 new key action statements on managing cerumen impaction that focus on primary prevention, contraindicated intervention, and referral and coordination of care...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036411/the-acceptable-noise-level-and-the-pure-tone-audiogram
#19
K Jonas Brännström, Steen Østergaard Olsen
Purpose: The vast majority of previous studies suggest that there is no relationship between the acceptable noise level (ANL) and pure-tone hearing thresholds reported as the average pure-tone hearing thresholds (pure-tone average). This study aims to explore (a) the relationship between hearing thresholds at individual frequencies and the ANL and (b) a measure of the slope of the audiogram and ANL. Method: Sixty-three Danish adult hearing aid users participated...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032241/improvement-of-speech-perception-in-quiet-and-in-noise-without-decreasing-localization-abilities-with-the-bone-conduction-device-bonebridge
#20
Roxanne Weiss, Martin Leinung, Uwe Baumann, Tobias Weißgerber, Tobias Rader, Timo Stöver
The aim of this study was to examine the functional hearing results regarding speech perception and auditory sound localization in a high-resolution directional hearing setup following implantation with a new bone conduction device (MED-EL Bonebridge, Innsbruck, Austria). In addition, we assessed the patient acceptance of the Bonebridge system using a questionnaire. The study design is retrospective study. The setting is University Hospital Frankfurt. 18 patients implanted with a Bonebridge device from May 2012 to January 2015 were participated in this study...
December 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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