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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683995/cochlear-implantation-in-adults-with-asymmetric-hearing-loss-speech-recognition-in-quiet-and-in-noise-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
Douglas P Sladen, Matthew L Carlson, Brittany P Dowling, Amy P Olund, Melissa D DeJong, Alyce Breneman, Sara Hollander, Charles W Beatty, Brian A Neff, Colin L Driscoll
OBJECTIVE: To examine the possible speech recognition and health related quality of life (HRQoL) benefits of cochlear implantation among adults with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review, single-subject design. METHODS: A total of 45 adult cochlear implant recipients with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss where performance for the best-aided condition exceeded 60% correct open set sentence recognition in quiet, and the implanted ear met traditional candidacy criteria...
March 26, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678325/does-hearing-in-response-to-soft-tissue-stimulation-involve-skull-vibrations-a-within-subject-comparison-between-skull-vibration-magnitudes-and-hearing-thresholds
#2
Shai Chordekar, Ronen Perez, Cahtia Adelman, Haim Sohmer, Liat Kishon-Rabin
Hearing can be elicited in response to bone as well as soft-tissue stimulation. However, the underlying mechanism of soft-tissue stimulation is under debate. It has been hypothesized that if skull vibrations were the underlying mechanism of hearing in response to soft-tissue stimulation, then skull vibrations would be associated with hearing thresholds. However, if skull vibrations were not associated with hearing thresholds, an alternative mechanism is involved. In the present study, both skull vibrations and hearing thresholds were assessed in the same participants in response to bone (mastoid) and soft-tissue (neck) stimulation...
April 3, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677689/neural-and-behavioral-changes-after-the-use-of-hearing-aids
#3
Hanin Karawani, Kimberly A Jenkins, Samira Anderson
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with age-related hearing loss (ARHL) can restore some loss of the auditory function with the use of hearing aids (HAs). However, what remains unknown are the physiological mechanisms that underlie how the brain changes with exposure to amplified sounds though the use of HAs. We aimed to examine behavioral and physiological changes induced by HAs. METHODS: Thirty-five older-adults with moderate ARHL with no history of hearing aid use were fit with HAs tested in aided and unaided conditions, and divided into experimental and control groups...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674377/sensitive-high-frequency-hearing-in-earless-and-partially-eared-harlequin-frogs-atelopus
#4
Molly C Womack, Jakob Christensen-Dalsgaard, Luis A Coloma, Kim L Hoke
Harlequin frogs, genus Atelopus , communicate at high frequencies despite most species lacking a complete tympanic middle ear that facilitates high frequency hearing in most anurans and other tetrapods. Here we test whether Atelopus are better at sensing high frequency acoustic sound compared to other eared and earless species in the Bufonidae family, determine whether middle ear variation within Atelopus affects hearing sensitivity, and test potential hearing mechanisms in Atelopus We determine that at high frequencies (2000-4000 Hz) Atelopus are 10-34 dB more sensitive than other earless bufonids but are relatively insensitive to mid-range frequencies (900-1500 Hz) compared to eared bufonids...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664868/active-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-implant-middle-fossa-placement-technique-in-children-with-bilateral-microtia-and-external-auditory-canal-atresia
#5
Carolina Der, Sofía Bravo-Torres, Nicolás Pons
AIM: The aim of this study is to present the middle fossa technique (MFT) as an alternative for patients who cannot undergo traditional surgery for active transcutaneous bone conduction implants (ATBCI) due to their altered anatomy or desire for future aesthetic reconstruction. DESIGN: A case series descriptive study was designed. The MFT was developed. Preoperative and postoperative information from 24 patients with external auditory canal atresia (EACA) and implanted with ATBCI was reviewed...
April 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664727/open-fit-domes-and-children-with-bilateral-high-frequency-sensorineural-hearing-loss-benefits-and-outcomes
#6
Patti M Johnstone, Kelly R Yeager, Marnie L Pomeroy, Nicole Hawk
BACKGROUND: Open-fit domes (OFDs) coupled with behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing aids were designed for adult listeners with moderate-to-severe bilateral high-frequency hearing loss (BHFL) with little to no concurrent loss in the lower frequencies. Adult research shows that BHFL degrades sound localization accuracy (SLA) and that BTE hearing aids with conventional earmolds (CEs) make matters worse. In contrast, research has shown that OFDs enhance spatial hearing percepts in adults with BHFL...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664724/factors-affecting-hearing-aid-adoption-and-use-a-qualitative-study
#7
Nicola E Gallagher, Jayne V Woodside
BACKGROUND: Despite a high prevalence of age-related hearing loss in older people, there is an unexplained low level of hearing aid adoption and use. Further research is required to determine the reason because hearing aids can vastly improve the quality of life for those with hearing loss. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with hearing aid adoption and use, and to determine whether these differed between groups with different hearing aid use behaviors...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664722/using-a-digital-language-processor-to-quantify-the-auditory-environment-and-the-effect-of-hearing-aids-for-adults-with-hearing-loss
#8
Kelsey E Klein, Yu-Hsiang Wu, Elizabeth Stangl, Ruth A Bentler
BACKGROUND: Auditory environments can influence the communication function of individuals with hearing loss and the effects of hearing aids. Therefore, a tool that can objectively characterize a patient's real-world auditory environments is needed. PURPOSE: To use the Language Environment Analysis (LENA) system to quantify the auditory environments of adults with hearing loss, to examine if the use of hearing aids changes a user's auditory environment, and to determine the association between LENA variables and self-report hearing aid outcome measures...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664721/effect-of-adaptive-compression-and-fast-acting-wdrc-strategies-on-sentence-recognition-in-noise-in-mandarin-speaking-pediatric-hearing-aid-users
#9
Haihong Liu, Yuanhu Liu, Ying Li, Xin Jin, Jing Li, Yi Zhou, Wentong Ge, Xin Ni
BACKGROUND: Wide dynamic range compression (WDRC) has been widely used in hearing aid technology. However, several reports indicate that WDRC may improve audibility at the expense of speech intelligibility. As such, a modified amplification compression scheme, named adaptive compression, was developed. However, the effect of compression strategies on speech perception in pediatric hearing aid users has not been clearly reported. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of adaptive compression and fast-acting WDRC processing strategies on sentence recognition in noise with Mandarin, pediatric hearing aid users...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664159/reading-aids-for-adults-with-low-vision
#10
REVIEW
Gianni Virgili, Ruthy Acosta, Sharon A Bentley, Giovanni Giacomelli, Claire Allcock, Jennifer R Evans
BACKGROUND: The purpose of low-vision rehabilitation is to allow people to resume or to continue to perform daily living tasks, with reading being one of the most important. This is achieved by providing appropriate optical devices and special training in the use of residual-vision and low-vision aids, which range from simple optical magnifiers to high-magnification video magnifiers. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different visual reading aids for adults with low vision...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663792/clinical-study-on-the-efficacy-acceptance-and-safety-of-hearing-aids-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-presbyacusis
#11
Phillipe Romanet, Martine Guy, Francois-André Allaert
BACKGROUND: of the study: The primary objective of this trial was to demonstrate the effect of wearing a Hearing aid (HA) on improvement of hearing and comprehension in everyday life situations. METHODS: This mono-centre phase IV open-label clinical trial was carried out on men or women 40 years old or more, presenting mild or moderate first-degree presbyacusis. Presbyacusis was diagnosed by performance of pure-tone audiometry in silence. The main criterion was the comparison of the Glasgow Hearing Aid Benefit Profile (GHABP) before wearing HA and after a month of use and the secondary one was audiometric parameters...
April 17, 2018: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661329/hearing-loss-in-the-elderly
#12
REVIEW
Rohan Patel, Brian J McKinnon
Presbycusis, or age-related hearing loss (ARHL), is the result of physiologic and pathologic changes associated with advancing age. ARHL presents typically with a high-frequency hearing loss, which contributes to greater trouble hearing consonants within words. Consonants convey the bulk of meaning within a word, and this loss of linguistic information results in complaints associated with ARHL. Hearing aids and cochlear implants significantly improve the lives of older adults with hearing loss, in particular, those with depression and dementia...
May 2018: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625427/comprehension-of-degraded-speech-matures-during-adolescence
#13
Julia Jones Huyck
Purpose: The aim of the study was to compare comprehension of spectrally degraded (noise-vocoded [NV]) speech and perceptual learning of NV speech between adolescents and young adults and examine the role of phonological processing and executive functions in this perception. Method: Sixteen younger adolescents (11-13 years), 16 older adolescents (14-16 years), and 16 young adults (18-22 years) listened to 40 NV sentences and repeated back what they heard. They also completed tests assessing phonological processing and a variety of executive functions...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624540/evaluation-of-speed-and-accuracy-of-next-generation-auditory-steady-state-response-and-auditory-brainstem-response-audiometry-in-children-with-normal-hearing-and-hearing-loss
#14
Yvonne S Sininger, Lisa L Hunter, Deborah Hayes, Patricia A Roush, Kristin M Uhler
OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this study was to compare the predicted audiometric thresholds obtained by auditory steady state response (ASSR) and auditory brainstem response (ABR) in infants and toddlers when both techniques use optimal stimuli and detection algorithms. This information will aid in determining the basis for large discrepancies in ABR and ASSR measures found in past studies. The hypothesis was that advancements in ASSR response detection would improve (lower) thresholds and decrease discrepancies between the thresholds produced by the two techniques...
April 5, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621924/using-the-device-oriented-subjective-outcome-doso-scale-to-measure-outcomes-of-different-hearing-aids
#15
Jingjing Xu, Jason Galster, Elizabeth Galster, Alyson Gruhlke, Amanda Wolfe
OBJECTIVE: The device-oriented subjective outcome (DOSO) is a device-oriented questionnaire, intended to minimise the influence of personality on self-reported measures. The aim of this study was to provide normative data with 2015-era hearing aid technologies. DESIGN: This retrospective study evaluated data from records of three clinical trials. The DOSO was administered for the participants' own devices as a part of the intake and after using research devices in the field...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618326/a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-polr3a-gene-causing-4h-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
Vishal V Tewari, Ritu Mehta, C M Sreedhar, Kunal Tewari, Akbar Mohammad, Neerja Gupta, Sheffali Gulati, Madhulika Kabra
BACKGROUND: 4H syndrome is a congenital hypomyelinating leukodystrophy characterized by hypodontia, hypomyelination and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism belonging to the Pol III-related leukodystrophies which arise due to mutations in the POLR3A or POLR3B gene. The clinical presentation is of neurodevelopmental delay or regression with ataxia, dystonia, nystagmus, delayed deciduous dentition and abnormal order of eruption of teeth. MRI brain shows a characteristic hypomyelination pattern...
April 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617421/real-time-loudness-normalisation-with-combined-cochlear-implant-and-hearing-aid-stimulation
#17
Dimitar Spirrov, Maaike Van Eeckhoutte, Lieselot Van Deun, Tom Francart
BACKGROUND: People who use a cochlear implant together with a contralateral hearing aid-so-called bimodal listeners-have poor localisation abilities and sounds are often not balanced in loudness across ears. In order to address the latter, a loudness balancing algorithm was created, which equalises the loudness growth functions for the two ears. The algorithm uses loudness models in order to continuously adjust the two signals to loudness targets. Previous tests demonstrated improved binaural balance, improved localisation, and better speech intelligibility in quiet for soft phonemes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614553/-effects-of-bimodal-intervention-on-the-development-of-auditory-and-speech-ability-in-infants-with-unilateral-cochlear-implantation
#18
M P Huang, H B Sheng, Y Ren, Y Li, Z W Huang, H Wu
Objective: To explore the effects of bimodal intervention on the development of auditory and speech ability in the infants with unilateral cochlear implantation(CI). Methods: Total 35 bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss infants with unilateral CI, aged 0.7 to 2.8 years old, were selected. The subjects were divided into two groups: the group with unilateral CI(cochlear implant alone, n = 15), and the bimodal group with CI and contralateral fitting hearing aid( n = 20). Their auditory and speech abilities were estimated at the different time points after switch-on(the 0th, 0...
March 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614551/-a-long-term-effect-on-speech-recognition-in-the-patients-with-simultaneous-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#19
B Wang, C G Wei, K L Cao, X Jin, Y Wang, N Y Wang
Objective: To investigate an effect on speech recognition after bilateral cochlear implants(CI) simultaneously. Methods: Nine subjects who underwent bilateral CI operation simultaneously in Peking Union Hospital in 2007 were assigned as bilateral group, another 9 subjects with unilateral CI were chosen as unilateral group according to the age, gender, duration of deafness. Hearing threshold, speech recognition of phrases, disyllabic words, single word in quiet and noise environment were calculated, respectively...
March 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607572/a-clinical-guidance-to-dfna22-drawn-from-a-korean-cohort-study-with-an-autosomal-dominant-deaf-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Bong Jik Kim, Jin Hee Han, Hye-Rim Park, Min Young Kim, Ah Reum Kim, Seung-Ha Oh, Woong-Yang Park, Doo Yi Oh, Seungmin Lee, Byung Yoon Choi
BACKGROUND: The MYO6 gene, if altered, can cause non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) either in autosomal dominant (AD) (DFNA22) or recessive form. This study identified MYO6 variants in the cohort of Korean AD NSHL families and investigated the audiological phenotypes of DFNA22 to suggest clinical guides for the counseling of DFNA22. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study was performed on 81 AD NSHL families in two hospitals. Among them, five families (SH21, SB60, SB247, SB290, and SB305) segregating with MYO6 variant were genetically and clinically assessed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Gene Medicine
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