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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534732/evaluation-of-adaptive-noise-management-technologies-for-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss
#1
Jace Wolfe, Mila Duke, Erin Schafer, Christine Jones, Lori Rakita
BACKGROUND: Children with hearing loss experience significant difficulty understanding speech in noisy and reverberant situations. Adaptive noise management technologies, such as fully adaptive directional microphones and digital noise reduction, have the potential to improve communication in noise for children with hearing aids. However, there are no published studies evaluating the potential benefits children receive from the use of adaptive noise management technologies in simulated real-world environments as well as in daily situations...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534729/self-selection-of-frequency-tables-with-bilateral-mismatches-in-an-acoustic-simulation-of-a-cochlear-implant
#2
Matthew B Fitzgerald, Ksenia Prosolovich, Chin-Tuan Tan, E Katelyn Glassman, Mario A Svirsky
BACKGROUND: Many recipients of bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) may have differences in electrode insertion depth. Previous reports indicate that when a bilateral mismatch is imposed, performance on tests of speech understanding or sound localization becomes worse. If recipients of bilateral CIs cannot adjust to a difference in insertion depth, adjustments to the frequency table may be necessary to maximize bilateral performance. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of using real-time manipulations of the frequency table to offset any decrements in performance resulting from a bilateral mismatch...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534689/parent-experiences-of-variations-in-service-delivery-of-rapid-syllable-transition-rest-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#3
Donna C Thomas, Patricia McCabe, Kirrie J Ballard, Geraldine Bricker-Katz
PURPOSE: To understand parents' perceptions of Rapid Syllable Transition (ReST) treatment and their experience of either telehealth or combined parent-clinician delivery of speech-language pathology. METHOD: Thematic analyses of semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 parents (5 telehealth, 5 parent-clinician) after their child completed 12 sessions of ReST treatment. RESULTS: Three themes were unique to telehealth: "telehealth was a million times easier," "technical problems weren't deal breakers," and "telehealth therapy has different boundaries...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524269/paradoxical-perceptions-towards-the-introduction-of-assistants-in-speech-language-pathology-and-potential-impact-on-consumers
#4
Rachael O'Brien, Rebecca Mitchell, Nicole Byrne
RATIONALE AND AIM: Working with assistants has the potential to be an economically and professionally sustainable solution to workforce shortages in speech-language pathology. However, there is some resistance to the workforce redesign, and factors that determine how assistants are utilised are not well understood. The aim of this study was to understand the perceptions that engender professional resistance and identify factors that may lessen such resistance. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to learn about perceptions towards implementing assistants into the profession...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523653/vocabulary-grammar-sex-and-aging
#5
Fermín Moscoso Del Prado Martín
Understanding the changes in our language abilities along the lifespan is a crucial step for understanding the aging process both in normal and in abnormal circumstances. Besides controlled experimental tasks, it is equally crucial to investigate language in unconstrained conversation. I present an information-theoretical analysis of a corpus of dyadic conversations investigating how the richness of the vocabulary, the word-internal structure (inflectional morphology), and the syntax of the utterances evolves as a function of the speaker's age and sex...
May 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516959/adaptive-psychological-structure-in-childhood-hearing-impairment-audiological-correlations
#6
A Serra, G Spinato, S Cocuzza, L Licciardello, P Pavone, L Maiolino
The present research deals with the clinical and social problems present during linguistic and cognitive development of deaf children. Currently, the development of Theory of Mind represents an important research field in deafness studies. These international studies highlighted a significant alteration in the development of Theory of Mind in deaf children compared to normal hearing children, especially in cases of congenital or preverbal hearing loss. In particular, the research focuses on the skills of deaf children in recognising emotions and desires, through both perceptive and cognitive methods, by evaluation of psycho-cognitive skills of children with severe hearing loss using a set of questions to be administered to hearing loss patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516196/coupling-dynamics-in-speech-gestures-amplitude-and-rate-influences
#7
Pascal H H M van Lieshout
Speech is a complex oral motor function that involves multiple articulators that need to be coordinated in space and time at relatively high movement speeds. How this is accomplished remains an important and largely unresolved empirical question. From a coordination dynamics perspective, coordination involves the assembly of coordinative units that are characterized by inherently stable coupling patterns that act as attractor states for task-specific actions. In the motor control literature, one particular model formulated by Haken et al...
May 17, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515550/communication-impairments-in-children-with-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-a-preliminary-study
#8
Shivani Tiwari, Divya Kallianpur, Kelly Ann DeSilva
PURPOSE: Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEMs) are a group of complex genetic conditions, predominantly affecting the pediatric population. While the understanding and identification of various IEMs has significantly improved over recent times, not much is known about the communication disorders in this population. The present study focused on identification and profiling of communication impairments in children diagnosed with IEMs. METHODS: Data was obtained retrospectively from medical records of children visiting a tertiary care hospital over a period of ten years (2005 - 2014)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514307/exome-sequencing-identifies-a-de-novo-mutation-of-ctnnb1-gene-in-a-patient-mainly-presented-with-retinal-detachment-lens-and-vitreous-opacities-microcephaly-and-developmental-delay-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Niu Li, Yufei Xu, Guoqiang Li, Tingting Yu, Ru-En Yao, Xiumin Wang, Jian Wang
RATIONALE: The CTNNB1 (β-catenin) gene is well known for its crucial role in cell adhesion and the Wnt-signaling pathway. Previous studies have shown that gain-of-function mutations in the CTNNB1 gene contribute to the occurrence and development of a variety of carcinomas in humans. Recently, de novo, heterozygous, loss-of-function mutations of the CTNNB1 gene were found that partially explain intellectual disability in some patients. Other major clinical symptoms in these patients included microcephaly, abnormal facial features, motor delays, speech impairments, and deformities of the hands and feet...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513185/moderate-dementia-relational-social-engagement-rse-during-family-visits
#10
Bruce Walmsley, Lynne McCormack
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study seeks evidence of retained social awareness in individuals with moderate dementia residing in care-homes, when engaged in interactive family visits. METHOD: Speech/non-speech data collected from 10/15-minute video-recorded family interactions of five family groups (12 individuals; 2 sessions per family group) were coded using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Interactional patterns embedded in familiar bonds provided the context for the superordinate theme: relational social engagement (RSE)...
May 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510578/neurofeedback-as-a-form-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-therapy-following-stroke-a-systematic-review
#11
Tian Renton, Alana Tibbles, Jane Topolovec-Vranic
Neurofeedback therapy (NFT) has been used within a number of populations however it has not been applied or thoroughly examined as a form of cognitive rehabilitation within a stroke population. Objectives for this systematic review included: i) identifying how NFT is utilized to treat cognitive deficits following stroke, ii) examining the strength and quality of evidence to support the use of NFT as a form of cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) and iii) providing recommendations for future investigations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506484/a-surgical-approach-to-the-anatomo-functional-structure-of-language
#12
REVIEW
E Mandonnet
INTRODUCTION: Language is the most widely mapped cognitive function during brain surgery. Intraoperative language functional mapping using direct electrical stimulation under awake conditions is currently the gold standard technique for establishing the causal link between an area and a deficit that would be caused by its resection. It is also a powerful tool to investigate the anatomical correlates of current neuropsychological models of language. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of this article is to reexamine the anatomo-functional structure of language that could be inferred from data obtained in direct electrical stimulation studies during awake surgery...
May 12, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505526/peripheral-hearing-loss-reduces-the-ability-of-children-to-direct-selective-attention-during-multi-talker-listening
#13
Emma Holmes, Padraig T Kitterick, A Quentin Summerfield
Restoring normal hearing requires knowledge of how peripheral and central auditory processes are affected by hearing loss. Previous research has focussed primarily on peripheral changes following sensorineural hearing loss, whereas consequences for central auditory processing have received less attention. We examined the ability of hearing-impaired children to direct auditory attention to a voice of interest (based on the talker's spatial location or gender) in the presence of a common form of background noise: the voices of competing talkers (i...
May 10, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505505/measuring-listening-related-effort-and-fatigue-in-school-aged-children-using-pupillometry
#14
Ronan McGarrigle, Piers Dawes, Andrew J Stewart, Stefanie E Kuchinsky, Kevin J Munro
Stress and fatigue from effortful listening may compromise well-being, learning, and academic achievement in school-aged children. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) typical of those in school classrooms on listening effort (behavioral and pupillometric) and listening-related fatigue (self-report and pupillometric) in a group of school-aged children. A sample of 41 normal-hearing children aged 8-11years performed a narrative speech-picture verification task in a condition with recommended levels of background noise ("ideal": +15dB SNR) and a condition with typical classroom background noise levels ("typical": -2dB SNR)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504410/unpacking-the-ontogeny-of-gesture-understanding-how-movement-becomes-meaningful-across-development
#15
Elizabeth M Wakefield, Miriam A Novack, Susan Goldin-Meadow
Gestures, hand movements that accompany speech, affect children's learning, memory, and thinking (e.g., Goldin-Meadow, 2003). However, it remains unknown how children distinguish gestures from other kinds of actions. In this study, 4- to 9-year-olds (n = 339) and adults (n = 50) described one of three scenes: (a) an actor moving objects, (b) an actor moving her hands in the presence of objects (but not touching them), or (c) an actor moving her hands in the absence of objects. Participants across all ages were equally able to identify actions on objects as goal directed, but the ability to identify empty-handed movements as representational actions (i...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503652/experiences-of-caregivers-with-spouses-receiving-chemotherapy-for-colorectal-cancer-and-their-expectations-from-nursing-services
#16
Ayse Cal, Ilknur Aydin Avci, Figen Cavusoglu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to reveal experiences of caregivers whose spouses were receiving chemotherapy for colorectal cancer and their expectations from nursing services. METHODS: This is a qualitative study. The caregivers were interviewed at their home. Sampling criteria were volunteering to participate in the study, being able to understand Turkish, not having speech or hearing problems and offering care to spouses with primary colorectal cancer...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499298/-cochlear-implant-state-of-the-art
#17
Thomas Lenarz
Cochlear implants are the treatment of choice for the auditory rehabilitation of patients with sensory deafness. They restore the missing function of inner hair cells by transforming the acoustic signal into electrical stimuli for activation of auditory nerve fibers. Due to the very fast technology development cochlear implants provide open-set speech understanding in the majority of patients including the use of the telephone. Children can achieve a near to normal speech and language development provided their deafness is detected early after onset and implantation is performed quickly thereafter...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499293/-current-audiological-diagnostics
#18
Sebastian Hoth, Izet Baljić
Today's audiological functional diagnostics is based on a stock of hearing tests, whose large number takes account of the variety of malfunctions of a complex sensory organ system and the necessity to examine it in a differentiated manner and at any age of life. The objective is to identify nature and origin of the hearing loss and to quantify its extent as far as necessary to dispose of the information needed to initiate the adequate medical (conservative or operational) treatment or the provision with technical hearing aids or prostheses...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498083/computer-assisted-ci-fitting-is-the-learning-capacity-of-the-intelligent-agent-fox-beneficial-for-speech-understanding
#19
Matthias Meeuws, David Pascoal, Iñigo Bermejo, Miguel Artaso, Geert De Ceulaer, Paul J Govaerts
OBJECTIVE: The software application FOX ('Fitting to Outcome eXpert') is an intelligent agent to assist in the programing of cochlear implant (CI) processors. The current version utilizes a mixture of deterministic and probabilistic logic which is able to improve over time through a learning effect. This study aimed at assessing whether this learning capacity yields measurable improvements in speech understanding. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 25 consecutive CI recipients with a median CI use experience of 10 years who came for their annual CI follow-up fitting session...
May 12, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496999/the-clinical-manifestations-and-genetic-implications-of-baraitser-winter-syndrome-type-2
#20
Tanya C Allawh, Barry Scott Brown
An 18-year-old Caucasian male was born by cesarean section weighing 2.6 kg (5 lb 14 oz) at birth after an uncomplicated pregnancy with no perinatal complications. Around 4 to 5 months of age, the patient's mother initially became concerned as he was experiencing signs of developmental delay and a mild floppy tone, in addition to facial features that resembled some form of mental retardation. The patient's older brother also experienced similar developmental symptoms and facial features that presented around the same age period as our patient...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
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