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Musicians and hearing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309026/sound-exposure-of-healthcare-professionals-working-with-a-university-marching-band
#1
Jeffrey A Russell, Moegi Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: Music-induced hearing disorders are known to result from exposure to excessive levels of music of different genres. Marching band music, with its heavy emphasis on brass and percussion, is one type that is a likely contributor to music-induced hearing disorders, although specific data on sound pressure levels of marching bands have not been widely studied. Furthermore, if marching band music does lead to music-induced hearing disorders, the musicians may not be the only individuals at risk...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231958/medical-issues-in-playing-the-oboe-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Sofia Banzhoff, Maria Del Mar Ropero, Gabriele Menzel, Tatjana Salmen, Manfred Gross, Philipp P Caffier
Playing a musical instrument can affect physical and mental health. A literature review was conducted to determine the prevalence of health problems among oboists, which medical conditions can be caused or exacerbated by playing, whether oboe playing can be a protective factor, and whether recommendations are possible as to who should or should not play the oboe. Searches in 7 databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SocIndex, PsyIndex, Psychinfo) yielded a total of 950 studies; after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, 37 articles were selected for final analysis...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213104/musical-imagery-involves-wernicke-s-area-in-bilateral-and-anti-correlated-network-interactions-in-musicians
#3
Yizhen Zhang, Gang Chen, Haiguang Wen, Kun-Han Lu, Zhongming Liu
Musical imagery is the human experience of imagining music without actually hearing it. The neural basis of this mental ability is unclear, especially for musicians capable of engaging in accurate and vivid musical imagery. Here, we created a visualization of an 8-minute symphony as a silent movie and used it as real-time cue for musicians to continuously imagine the music for repeated and synchronized sessions during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The activations and networks evoked by musical imagery were compared with those elicited by the subjects directly listening to the same music...
December 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203648/musical-training-sharpens-and-bonds-ears-and-tongue-to-hear-speech-better
#4
Yi Du, Robert J Zatorre
The idea that musical training improves speech perception in challenging listening environments is appealing and of clinical importance, yet the mechanisms of any such musician advantage are not well specified. Here, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we found that musicians outperformed nonmusicians in identifying syllables at varying signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), which was associated with stronger activation of the left inferior frontal and right auditory regions in musicians compared with nonmusicians...
December 4, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195451/why-orchestral-musicians-are-bound-to-wear-earplugs-about-the-ineffectiveness-of-physical-measures-to-reduce-sound-exposure
#5
Remy Wenmaekers, Bareld Nicolai, Maarten Hornikx, Armin Kohlrausch
Symphony orchestra musicians are exposed to noise levels that put them at risk of developing hearing damage. This study evaluates the potential effectivity of common control measures used in orchestras on open stages with a typical symphonic setup. A validated acoustic prediction model is used that calculates binaural sound exposure levels at the ears of all musicians in the orchestra. The model calculates the equivalent sound levels for a performance of the first 2 min of the 4th movement of Mahler's 1st symphony, which can be considered representative for loud orchestral music...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192525/caring-for-musicians-ears-insights-from-audiologists-and-manufacturers-reveal-need-for-evidence-based-guidelines
#6
Siobhan McGinnity, Elizabeth Francis Beach, Johannes Mulder, Robert Cowan
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated clinical care delivered to musicians in Australia by audiologists and manufacturers of musicians' hearing protectors (MHP). DESIGN: Audiologists with experience treating musicians were invited to complete a survey on their service delivery. A second survey was administered to manufacturers of MHPs. STUDY SAMPLE: Four manufacturers of MHP and 31 audiologists completed the surveys. Post hoc analyses were performed comparing the responses of audiologists with more versus less clinical experience; and those with and without musical training...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186146/auditory-and-cognitive-performance-in-elderly-musicians-and-nonmusicians
#7
Massimo Grassi, Chiara Meneghetti, Enrico Toffalini, Erika Borella
Musicians represent a model for examining brain and behavioral plasticity in terms of cognitive and auditory profile, but few studies have investigated whether elderly musicians have better auditory and cognitive abilities than nonmusicians. The aim of the present study was to examine whether being a professional musician attenuates the normal age-related changes in hearing and cognition. Elderly musicians still active in their profession were compared with nonmusicians on auditory performance (absolute threshold, frequency intensity, duration and spectral shape discrimination, gap and sinusoidal amplitude-modulation detection), and on simple (short-term memory) and more complex and higher-order (working memory [WM] and visuospatial abilities) cognitive tasks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172785/examining-the-noisy-life-of-the-college-musician-weeklong-noise-dosimetry-of-music-and-non-music-activities
#8
Jennifer B Tufts, Erika Skoe
OBJECTIVE: To examine the contribution of all daily activities, including non-music activities, to the overall noise exposure of college student musicians, and to compare their "noise lives" with those of non-musician college students. DESIGN: Continuous week-long dosimetry measurements were collected on student musicians and non-musicians. During the measurement period, participants recorded their daily activities in journals. STUDY SAMPLE: 22 musicians and 40 non-musicians, all students (aged 18-24 years) at the University of Connecticut...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161982/the-effects-of-musical-training-on-speech-detection-in-the-presence-of-informational-and-energetic-masking
#9
Charlotte Morse-Fortier, Mary M Parrish, Jane A Baran, Richard L Freyman
Recent research has suggested that musicians have an advantage in some speech-in-noise paradigms, but not all. Whether musicians outperform nonmusicians on a given speech-in-noise task may well depend on the type of noise involved. To date, few groups have specifically studied the role that informational masking plays in the observation of a musician advantage. The current study investigated the effect of musicianship on listeners' ability to overcome informational versus energetic masking of speech. Monosyllabic words were presented in four conditions that created similar energetic masking but either high or low informational masking...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102231/the-effects-of-musician-s-earplugs-on-acoustic-and-perceptual-measures-of-choral-and-solo-sound
#10
Sheri L Cook-Cunningham
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effects of earplugs on acoustical and perceptual measures of choral and solo sound. METHODS: The researcher tested the effects of musician's earplugs on choral and solo timbre and singer perceptions. Members of an intact women's university choir recorded Dona Nobis Pacem under two conditions, no earplugs and with earplugs over time. Approximately half of the choir members also participated as soloists, recording Over the Rainbow under the same two conditions...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068861/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-tinnitus-and-tinnitus-related-handicap-in-a-college-aged-population
#11
Ishan Sunilkumar Bhatt
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus is a common otological condition that affects almost 10% of US adults. Research suggests that college students are vulnerable to tinnitus and hearing loss as they are exposed to traumatic levels of noise on a regular basis. Tinnitus and its influence in daily living continue to be underappreciated in the college-aged population. Therefore, the objective for the present study was to analyze prevalence and associated risk factors of tinnitus and tinnitus-related handicap in a sample of college-aged students...
October 24, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988263/reducing-risk-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-collegiate-music-ensembles-using-ambient-technology
#12
Jason Powell, Kris Chesky
Student musicians are at risk for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) as they develop skills and perform during instructional activities. Studies using longitudinal dosimeter data show that pedagogical procedures and instructor behaviors are highly predictive of NIHL risk, thus implying the need for innovative approaches to increase instructor competency in managing instructional activities without interfering with artistic and academic freedom. Ambient information systems, an emerging trend in human-computer interaction that infuses psychological behavioral theories into technologies, can help construct informative risk-regulating systems...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723602/tinnitus-anxiety-depression-and-substance-abuse-in-rock-musicians-a-norwegian-survey
#13
Carl Christian Lein Stormer, Tore Sorlie, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Rock musicians are known to have an increased prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus. The aims of the present study were to examine the distribution of anxiety and depression symptoms among rock musicians with or without tinnitus and how these mental health indicators and internal locus of control influenced upon their tinnitus symptom concerns and the degree to which the tinnitus affected their lives. DESIGN: The study was a questionnairebased cross-sectional survey of subjects selected from a cohort of rock musicians...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635495/analysis-of-audiometric-notch-as-a-noise-induced-hearing-loss-phenotype-in-us-youth-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2010
#14
Ishan S Bhatt, O'neil Guthrie
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral audiometric notch (BN) at 4000-6000 Hz was identified as a noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) phenotype for genetic association analysis in college-aged musicians. This study analysed BN in a sample of US youth. DESIGN: Prevalence of the BN within the study sample was determined and logistic-regression analyses were performed to identify audiologic and other demographic factors associated with BN. Computer-simulated "flat" audiograms were used to estimate potential influence of false-positive rates in estimating the prevalence of the BN...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599017/in-their-own-words-interviews-with-musicians-reveal-the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-wearing-earplugs
#15
Elizabeth F Beach, Ian O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Musicians are at risk of hearing loss from sound exposure, and earplugs form part of many musicians' hearing conservation practices. Although musicians typically report a range of difficulties when wearing earplugs, there are many who have managed to successfully incorporate earplugs into their practice of music. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to provide a detailed account of earplug usage from the perspective of the musician, including motivating factors, practical strategies, and attitudes...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471285/transient-evoked-otoacoustic-emissions-in-rock-musicians
#16
Erik Harry Høydal, Carl Christian Lein Størmer, Einar Laukli, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Our focus in this study was the assessment of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) in a large group of rock musicians. A further objective was to analyse tinnitus among rock musicians as related to TEOAEs. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional survey of rock musicians selected at random. A control group was included at random for comparison. STUDY SAMPLE: We recruited 111 musicians and a control group of 40 non-musicians...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461217/multisensory-integration-in-short-term-memory-musicians-do-rock
#17
Avigael M Aizenman, Jason M Gold, Robert Sekuler
Demonstrated interactions between seeing and hearing led us to assess the link between music training and short-term memory for auditory, visual and audiovisual sequences of rapidly presented, quasi-random components. Visual sequences' components varied in luminance; auditory sequences' components varied in frequency. Concurrent components in audiovisual sequences were either congruent (the frequency of an auditory item increased monotonically with the luminance of the visual item it accompanied), or incongruent (an item's frequency was uncorrelated with luminance of the item it accompanied)...
April 29, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380058/audio-visual-interactions-uniquely-contribute-to-resolution-of-visual-conflict-in-people-possessing-absolute-pitch
#18
Sujin Kim, Randolph Blake, Minyoung Lee, Chai-Youn Kim
Individuals possessing absolute pitch (AP) are able to identify a given musical tone or to reproduce it without reference to another tone. The present study sought to learn whether this exceptional auditory ability impacts visual perception under stimulus conditions that provoke visual competition in the form of binocular rivalry. Nineteen adult participants with 3-19 years of musical training were divided into two groups according to their performance on a task involving identification of the specific note associated with hearing a given musical pitch...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225736/effects-of-long-term-musical-training-on-cortical-auditory-evoked-potentials
#19
Carolyn J Brown, Eun-Kyung Jeon, Virginia Driscoll, Bruna Mussoi, Shruti Balvalli Deshpande, Kate Gfeller, Paul J Abbas
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that musicians, as a group, have superior frequency resolution abilities when compared with nonmusicians. It is possible to assess auditory discrimination using either behavioral or electrophysiologic methods. The purpose of this study was to determine if the acoustic change complex (ACC) is sensitive enough to reflect the differences in spectral processing exhibited by musicians and nonmusicians. DESIGN: Twenty individuals (10 musicians and 10 nonmusicians) participated in this study...
March 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220907/exposure-to-excessive-sounds-and-hearing-status-in-academic-classical-music-students
#20
Małgorzata Pawlaczyk-Łuszczyńska, Małgorzata Zamojska-Daniszewska, Adam Dudarewicz, Kamil Zaborowski
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess hearing of music students in relation to their exposure to excessive sounds. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Standard pure-tone audiometry (PTA) was performed in 168 music students, aged 22.5±2.5 years. The control group included 67 subjects, non-music students and non-musicians, aged 22.8±3.3 years. Data on the study subjects' musical experience, instruments in use, time of weekly practice and additional risk factors for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) were identified by means of a questionnaire survey...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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