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Musicians and hearing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161982/the-effects-of-musical-training-on-speech-detection-in-the-presence-of-informational-and-energetic-masking
#1
Charlotte Morse-Fortier, Mary M Parrish, Jane A Baran, Richard L Freyman
Recent research has suggested that musicians have an advantage in some speech-in-noise paradigms, but not all. Whether musicians outperform nonmusicians on a given speech-in-noise task may well depend on the type of noise involved. To date, few groups have specifically studied the role that informational masking plays in the observation of a musician advantage. The current study investigated the effect of musicianship on listeners' ability to overcome informational versus energetic masking of speech. Monosyllabic words were presented in four conditions that created similar energetic masking but either high or low informational masking...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102231/the-effects-of-musician-s-earplugs-on-acoustic-and-perceptual-measures-of-choral-and-solo-sound
#2
Sheri L Cook-Cunningham
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effects of earplugs on acoustical and perceptual measures of choral and solo sound. METHODS: The researcher tested the effects of musician's earplugs on choral and solo timbre and singer perceptions. Members of an intact women's university choir recorded Dona Nobis Pacem under two conditions, no earplugs and with earplugs over time. Approximately half of the choir members also participated as soloists, recording Over the Rainbow under the same two conditions...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068861/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-tinnitus-and-tinnitus-related-handicap-in-a-college-aged-population
#3
Ishan Sunilkumar Bhatt
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus is a common otological condition that affects almost 10% of US adults. Research suggests that college students are vulnerable to tinnitus and hearing loss as they are exposed to traumatic levels of noise on a regular basis. Tinnitus and its influence in daily living continue to be underappreciated in the college-aged population. Therefore, the objective for the present study was to analyze prevalence and associated risk factors of tinnitus and tinnitus-related handicap in a sample of college-aged students...
October 24, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988263/reducing-risk-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-collegiate-music-ensembles-using-ambient-technology
#4
Jason Powell, Kris Chesky
Student musicians are at risk for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) as they develop skills and perform during instructional activities. Studies using longitudinal dosimeter data show that pedagogical procedures and instructor behaviors are highly predictive of NIHL risk, thus implying the need for innovative approaches to increase instructor competency in managing instructional activities without interfering with artistic and academic freedom. Ambient information systems, an emerging trend in human-computer interaction that infuses psychological behavioral theories into technologies, can help construct informative risk-regulating systems...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723602/tinnitus-anxiety-depression-and-substance-abuse-in-rock-musicians-a-norwegian-survey
#5
Carl Christian Lein Stormer, Tore Sorlie, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Rock musicians are known to have an increased prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus. The aims of the present study were to examine the distribution of anxiety and depression symptoms among rock musicians with or without tinnitus and how these mental health indicators and internal locus of control influenced upon their tinnitus symptom concerns and the degree to which the tinnitus affected their lives. DESIGN: The study was a questionnairebased cross-sectional survey of subjects selected from a cohort of rock musicians...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635495/analysis-of-audiometric-notch-as-a-noise-induced-hearing-loss-phenotype-in-us-youth-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2010
#6
Ishan S Bhatt, O'neil Guthrie
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral audiometric notch (BN) at 4000-6000 Hz was identified as a noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) phenotype for genetic association analysis in college-aged musicians. This study analysed BN in a sample of US youth. DESIGN: Prevalence of the BN within the study sample was determined and logistic-regression analyses were performed to identify audiologic and other demographic factors associated with BN. Computer-simulated "flat" audiograms were used to estimate potential influence of false-positive rates in estimating the prevalence of the BN...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599017/in-their-own-words-interviews-with-musicians-reveal-the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-wearing-earplugs
#7
Elizabeth F Beach, Ian O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Musicians are at risk of hearing loss from sound exposure, and earplugs form part of many musicians' hearing conservation practices. Although musicians typically report a range of difficulties when wearing earplugs, there are many who have managed to successfully incorporate earplugs into their practice of music. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to provide a detailed account of earplug usage from the perspective of the musician, including motivating factors, practical strategies, and attitudes...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471285/transient-evoked-otoacoustic-emissions-in-rock-musicians
#8
Erik Harry Høydal, Carl Christian Lein Størmer, Einar Laukli, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Our focus in this study was the assessment of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) in a large group of rock musicians. A further objective was to analyse tinnitus among rock musicians as related to TEOAEs. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional survey of rock musicians selected at random. A control group was included at random for comparison. STUDY SAMPLE: We recruited 111 musicians and a control group of 40 non-musicians...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461217/multisensory-integration-in-short-term-memory-musicians-do-rock
#9
Avigael M Aizenman, Jason M Gold, Robert Sekuler
Demonstrated interactions between seeing and hearing led us to assess the link between music training and short-term memory for auditory, visual and audiovisual sequences of rapidly presented, quasi-random components. Visual sequences' components varied in luminance; auditory sequences' components varied in frequency. Concurrent components in audiovisual sequences were either congruent (the frequency of an auditory item increased monotonically with the luminance of the visual item it accompanied), or incongruent (an item's frequency was uncorrelated with luminance of the item it accompanied)...
April 29, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380058/audio-visual-interactions-uniquely-contribute-to-resolution-of-visual-conflict-in-people-possessing-absolute-pitch
#10
Sujin Kim, Randolph Blake, Minyoung Lee, Chai-Youn Kim
Individuals possessing absolute pitch (AP) are able to identify a given musical tone or to reproduce it without reference to another tone. The present study sought to learn whether this exceptional auditory ability impacts visual perception under stimulus conditions that provoke visual competition in the form of binocular rivalry. Nineteen adult participants with 3-19 years of musical training were divided into two groups according to their performance on a task involving identification of the specific note associated with hearing a given musical pitch...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225736/effects-of-long-term-musical-training-on-cortical-auditory-evoked-potentials
#11
Carolyn J Brown, Eun-Kyung Jeon, Virginia Driscoll, Bruna Mussoi, Shruti Balvalli Deshpande, Kate Gfeller, Paul J Abbas
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that musicians, as a group, have superior frequency resolution abilities when compared with nonmusicians. It is possible to assess auditory discrimination using either behavioral or electrophysiologic methods. The purpose of this study was to determine if the acoustic change complex (ACC) is sensitive enough to reflect the differences in spectral processing exhibited by musicians and nonmusicians. DESIGN: Twenty individuals (10 musicians and 10 nonmusicians) participated in this study...
March 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220907/exposure-to-excessive-sounds-and-hearing-status-in-academic-classical-music-students
#12
Małgorzata Pawlaczyk-Łuszczyńska, Małgorzata Zamojska-Daniszewska, Adam Dudarewicz, Kamil Zaborowski
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess hearing of music students in relation to their exposure to excessive sounds. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Standard pure-tone audiometry (PTA) was performed in 168 music students, aged 22.5±2.5 years. The control group included 67 subjects, non-music students and non-musicians, aged 22.8±3.3 years. Data on the study subjects' musical experience, instruments in use, time of weekly practice and additional risk factors for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) were identified by means of a questionnaire survey...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213134/speech-in-noise-perception-in-musicians-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Emily B J Coffey, Nicolette B Mogilever, Robert J Zatorre
The ability to understand speech in the presence of competing sound sources is an important neuroscience question in terms of how the nervous system solves this computational problem. It is also a critical clinical problem that disproportionally affects the elderly, children with language-related learning disorders, and those with hearing loss. Recent evidence that musicians have an advantage on this multifaceted skill has led to the suggestion that musical training might be used to improve or delay the decline of speech-in-noise (SIN) function...
September 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853057/noise-induced-hearing-loss-among-professional-musicians
#14
Gholamreza Pouryaghoub, Ramin Mehrdad, Saeed Pourhosein
OBJECTIVES: After presbycusis, noise exposure is considered the second cause of sensorineural hearing loss. Due to exposure to high-intensity sounds, musicians may be at risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Given the importance of good hearing in music career, this study aimed to investigate the frequency of hearing loss and use of protective measures among Iranian musicians. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 125 musicians, including 21 women (16.8%) and 104 men (83...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826221/musicians-are-better-than-non-musicians-in-frequency-change-detection-behavioral-and-electrophysiological-evidence
#15
Chun Liang, Brian Earl, Ivy Thompson, Kayla Whitaker, Steven Cahn, Jing Xiang, Qian-Jie Fu, Fawen Zhang
Objective: The objectives of this study were: (1) to determine if musicians have a better ability to detect frequency changes under quiet and noisy conditions; (2) to use the acoustic change complex (ACC), a type of electroencephalographic (EEG) response, to understand the neural substrates of musician vs. non-musician difference in frequency change detection abilities. Methods: Twenty-four young normal hearing listeners (12 musicians and 12 non-musicians) participated. All participants underwent psychoacoustic frequency detection tests with three types of stimuli: tones (base frequency at 160 Hz) containing frequency changes (Stim 1), tones containing frequency changes masked by low-level noise (Stim 2), and tones containing frequency changes masked by high-level noise (Stim 3)...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575291/playing-related-health-problems-among-instrumental-music-students-at-a-university-in-malaysia
#16
Karen Lonsdale, Ong Kuan Boon
UNLABELLED: Musicians from a wide range of backgrounds experience playing-related health problems including musculoskeletal disorders, hearing loss, and performance anxiety. Few studies have focused specifically on the health concerns of musicians in Malaysia. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate playing-related health problems among student musicians at a university in Malaysia as well as their knowledge and awareness of playing-related health problems. METHODS: Instrumental music students enrolled in undergraduate and post-graduate university music courses (n=98) participated in a self-report online survey which addressed aspects such as educational background, playing experience, knowledge and awareness of musicians' health issues, history of physical problems, lifestyle factors, and prevention and management strategies...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534347/embodied-and-distributed-parallel-djing
#17
Birgitta Cappelen, Anders-Petter Andersson
Everyone has a right to take part in cultural events and activities, such as music performances and music making. Enforcing that right, within Universal Design, is often limited to a focus on physical access to public areas, hearing aids etc., or groups of persons with special needs performing in traditional ways. The latter might be people with disabilities, being musicians playing traditional instruments, or actors playing theatre. In this paper we focus on the innovative potential of including people with special needs, when creating new cultural activities...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488994/occurrence-of-tinnitus-and-other-auditory-symptoms-among-musicians-playing-different-instruments
#18
Débora Lüders, Cláudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves, Adriana Bender Moreira de Lacerda, Luciana Santos Gerosino da Silva, Jair Mendes Marques, Valana Nicole Sperotto
INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is one of the most reported auditory symptoms among musicians and can negatively influence their ability to work, sometimes even more severely than hearing loss. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the occurrence of tinnitus and other auditory symptoms in musicians who play different instruments. METHODS: One hundred musicians participated by answering a questionnaire on instrument played, practice time with the instrument, occurrence of tinnitus, hearing difficulties, and intolerance to loud sounds...
2016: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384330/executive-function-visual-attention-and-the-cocktail-party-problem-in-musicians-and-non-musicians
#19
Kameron K Clayton, Jayaganesh Swaminathan, Arash Yazdanbakhsh, Jennifer Zuk, Aniruddh D Patel, Gerald Kidd
The goal of this study was to investigate how cognitive factors influence performance in a multi-talker, "cocktail-party" like environment in musicians and non-musicians. This was achieved by relating performance in a spatial hearing task to cognitive processing abilities assessed using measures of executive function (EF) and visual attention in musicians and non-musicians. For the spatial hearing task, a speech target was presented simultaneously with two intelligible speech maskers that were either colocated with the target (0° azimuth) or were symmetrically separated from the target in azimuth (at ±15°)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242414/melodic-priming-of-motor-sequence-performance-the-role-of-the-dorsal-premotor-cortex
#20
Marianne A Stephan, Rachel Brown, Carlotta Lega, Virginia Penhune
The purpose of this study was to determine whether exposure to specific auditory sequences leads to the induction of new motor memories and to investigate the role of the dorsal premotor cortex (dPMC) in this crossmodal learning process. Fifty-two young healthy non-musicians were familiarized with the sound to key-press mapping on a computer keyboard and tested on their baseline motor performance. Each participant received subsequently either continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) or sham stimulation over the dPMC and was then asked to remember a 12-note melody without moving...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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