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Musicians and hearing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757798/tinnitus-severity-is-related-to-the-sound-exposure-of-symphony-orchestra-musicians-independently-of-hearing-impairment
#1
Jesper Hvass Schmidt, Helene M Paarup, Jesper Bælum
OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus can be debilitating and with great impact of musicians professional and private life. The objectives of the study were therefore to: (1) describe the epidemiology of tinnitus including its severity in classical orchestra musicians, (2) investigate the association between tinnitus severity in classical musicians and their cumulative lifetime sound exposure, and (3) the association between tinnitus and hearing thresholds. DESIGN: The study population included all musicians from five Danish symphony orchestras...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694384/mismatch-negativity-reflects-asymmetric-pre-attentive-harmonic-interval-discrimination
#2
Luise Wagner, Torsten Rahne, Stefan K Plontke, Nico Heidekrüger
OBJECTIVE: Western music is based on intervals; thus, interval discrimination is important for distinguishing the character of melodies or tracking melodies in polyphonic music. In this study the encoding of intervals in simultaneously presented sound is studied. STUDY DESIGN: In an electrophysiological experiment in 15 normal-hearing non-musicians, major thirds or fifths were presented in a controlled oddball paradigm. Harmonic intervals were created by simultaneously presented sinusoidals with randomized root frequency...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683495/now-you-hear-it-a-predictive-coding-model-for-understanding-rhythmic-incongruity
#3
Peter Vuust, Martin J Dietz, Maria Witek, Morten L Kringelbach
Rhythmic incongruity in the form of syncopation is a prominent feature of many contemporary musical styles. Syncopations afford incongruity between rhythmic patterns and the meter, giving rise to mental models of differently accented isochronous beats. Syncopations occur either in isolation or as part of rhythmic patterns, so-called grooves. On the basis of the predictive coding framework, we discuss how brain processing of rhythm can be seen as a special case of predictive coding. We present a simple, yet powerful model for how the brain processes rhythmic incongruity: the model for predictive coding of rhythmic incongruity...
April 23, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681993/noise-exposure-and-auditory-thresholds-of-military-musicians-a-follow-up-study
#4
Reinhard Müller, Joachim Schneider
Background: Military musicians are working in a noisy environment with high sound exposure levels above the international standards. Aim of the current study is to find out, whether they develop the expected hearing impairments. Adherence to the regulations for prevention in musicians is more difficult than in other occupational fields. Methods: In an interval of 13.3 years, 36 out of 58 male military musicians of a German army music corps were subjected twice to an audiometric audit...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681872/tapping-into-rate-flexibility-musical-training-facilitates-synchronization-around-spontaneous-production-rates
#5
Rebecca Scheurich, Anna Zamm, Caroline Palmer
The ability to flexibly adapt one's behavior is critical for social tasks such as speech and music performance, in which individuals must coordinate the timing of their actions with others. Natural movement frequencies, also called spontaneous rates, constrain synchronization accuracy between partners during duet music performance, whereas musical training enhances synchronization accuracy. We investigated the combined influences of these factors on the flexibility with which individuals can synchronize their actions with sequences at different rates...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676294/noise-exposure-and-hearing-loss-in-classical-orchestra-musicians-a-five-year-follow-up
#6
Alberto Behar, Marshall Chasin, Steve Mosher, Mohammad Abdoli-Eramaki, Frank A Russo
Introduction: This study is a follow-up to prior research from our group that attempts to relate noise exposure and hearing thresholds in active performing musicians of the National Ballet of Canada Orchestra. Materials and Methods: Exposures obtained in early 2010 were compared to exposures obtained in early 2017 (the present study). In addition, audiometric thresholds obtained in early 2012 were compared to thresholds obtained in early 2017 (the present study)...
March 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609496/music-and-speech-perception-in-children-using-sung-speech
#7
Yingjiu Nie, John J Galvin, Michael Morikawa, Victoria André, Harley Wheeler, Qian-Jie Fu
This study examined music and speech perception in normal-hearing children with some or no musical training. Thirty children (mean age = 11.3 years), 15 with and 15 without formal music training participated in the study. Music perception was measured using a melodic contour identification (MCI) task; stimuli were a piano sample or sung speech with a fixed timbre (same word for each note) or a mixed timbre (different words for each note). Speech perception was measured in quiet and in steady noise using a matrix-styled sentence recognition task; stimuli were naturally intonated speech or sung speech with a fixed pitch (same note for each word) or a mixed pitch (different notes for each word)...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599959/assisted-protection-headphone-proposal-to-prevent-chronic-exposure-to-percussion-instruments-on-musicians
#8
Lorena Parra, Marta Torres, Jaime Lloret, Agustín Campos, Ignacio Bosh
The effects of chronic exposure to high sound pressure levels (SPLs) are widely studied in the industry environment. However, the way that SPLs affect music students has not been thoroughly examined. In this paper, we study the SPL exposure of batucada students and we propose an assisted protection headphone as a part of e-health system. We measured the SPL reached during a regular percussion class. Pure-tone audiometries were performed to a set of percussion students. The gathered data were statistically analyzed...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571713/auditory-prediction-cues-motor-preparation-in-the-absence-of-movements
#9
Marianne A Stephan, Carlotta Lega, Virginia B Penhune
There is increasing evidence for integrated representation of sensory and motor information in the brain, and that seeing or hearing action-related stimuli may automatically cue the movements required to respond to or produce them. In this study we tested whether anticipation of tones in a known melody automatically activates corresponding motor representations in a predictive way, in preparation for potential upcoming movements. Therefore, we trained 20 non-musicians (8 men, 12 women) to play a simple melody...
March 20, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397587/-occupational-diseases-of-musicians-the-price-of-perfection
#10
Montserrat García Gómez
BACKGROUND: Musicians suffer from a wide range of health problems related to their profession. The aim of this paper was to assess whether work-related musician diseases are included into the Official Spanish List of Occupational Diseases and, if so, to describe and quantify those recognized in recent years. METHODS: The Official Spanish List of Occupational Diseases was searched to identify occupational diseases affecting musicians. We then conducted an incidence study of those occupational diseases recognized under code 29...
January 2018: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309026/sound-exposure-of-healthcare-professionals-working-with-a-university-marching-band
#11
Jeffrey A Russell, Moegi Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: Music-induced hearing disorders are known to result from exposure to excessive levels of music of different genres. Marching band music, with its heavy emphasis on brass and percussion, is one type that is a likely contributor to music-induced hearing disorders, although specific data on sound pressure levels of marching bands have not been widely studied. Furthermore, if marching band music does lead to music-induced hearing disorders, the musicians may not be the only individuals at risk...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231958/medical-issues-in-playing-the-oboe-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Sofia Banzhoff, Maria Del Mar Ropero, Gabriele Menzel, Tatjana Salmen, Manfred Gross, Philipp P Caffier
Playing a musical instrument can affect physical and mental health. A literature review was conducted to determine the prevalence of health problems among oboists, which medical conditions can be caused or exacerbated by playing, whether oboe playing can be a protective factor, and whether recommendations are possible as to who should or should not play the oboe. Searches in 7 databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SocIndex, PsyIndex, Psychinfo) yielded a total of 950 studies; after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, 37 articles were selected for final analysis...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213104/musical-imagery-involves-wernicke-s-area-in-bilateral-and-anti-correlated-network-interactions-in-musicians
#13
Yizhen Zhang, Gang Chen, Haiguang Wen, Kun-Han Lu, Zhongming Liu
Musical imagery is the human experience of imagining music without actually hearing it. The neural basis of this mental ability is unclear, especially for musicians capable of engaging in accurate and vivid musical imagery. Here, we created a visualization of an 8-minute symphony as a silent movie and used it as real-time cue for musicians to continuously imagine the music for repeated and synchronized sessions during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The activations and networks evoked by musical imagery were compared with those elicited by the subjects directly listening to the same music...
December 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203648/musical-training-sharpens-and-bonds-ears-and-tongue-to-hear-speech-better
#14
Yi Du, Robert J Zatorre
The idea that musical training improves speech perception in challenging listening environments is appealing and of clinical importance, yet the mechanisms of any such musician advantage are not well specified. Here, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we found that musicians outperformed nonmusicians in identifying syllables at varying signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), which was associated with stronger activation of the left inferior frontal and right auditory regions in musicians compared with nonmusicians...
December 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195451/why-orchestral-musicians-are-bound-to-wear-earplugs-about-the-ineffectiveness-of-physical-measures-to-reduce-sound-exposure
#15
Remy Wenmaekers, Bareld Nicolai, Maarten Hornikx, Armin Kohlrausch
Symphony orchestra musicians are exposed to noise levels that put them at risk of developing hearing damage. This study evaluates the potential effectivity of common control measures used in orchestras on open stages with a typical symphonic setup. A validated acoustic prediction model is used that calculates binaural sound exposure levels at the ears of all musicians in the orchestra. The model calculates the equivalent sound levels for a performance of the first 2 min of the 4th movement of Mahler's 1st symphony, which can be considered representative for loud orchestral music...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192525/caring-for-musicians-ears-insights-from-audiologists-and-manufacturers-reveal-need-for-evidence-based-guidelines
#16
Siobhan McGinnity, Elizabeth Francis Beach, Johannes Mulder, Robert Cowan
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated clinical care delivered to musicians in Australia by audiologists and manufacturers of musicians' hearing protectors (MHP). DESIGN: Audiologists with experience treating musicians were invited to complete a survey on their service delivery. A second survey was administered to manufacturers of MHPs. STUDY SAMPLE: Four manufacturers of MHP and 31 audiologists completed the surveys. Post hoc analyses were performed comparing the responses of audiologists with more versus less clinical experience; and those with and without musical training...
February 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186146/auditory-and-cognitive-performance-in-elderly-musicians-and-nonmusicians
#17
Massimo Grassi, Chiara Meneghetti, Enrico Toffalini, Erika Borella
Musicians represent a model for examining brain and behavioral plasticity in terms of cognitive and auditory profile, but few studies have investigated whether elderly musicians have better auditory and cognitive abilities than nonmusicians. The aim of the present study was to examine whether being a professional musician attenuates the normal age-related changes in hearing and cognition. Elderly musicians still active in their profession were compared with nonmusicians on auditory performance (absolute threshold, frequency intensity, duration and spectral shape discrimination, gap and sinusoidal amplitude-modulation detection), and on simple (short-term memory) and more complex and higher-order (working memory [WM] and visuospatial abilities) cognitive tasks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172785/examining-the-noisy-life-of-the-college-musician-weeklong-noise-dosimetry-of-music-and-non-music-activities
#18
Jennifer B Tufts, Erika Skoe
OBJECTIVE: To examine the contribution of all daily activities, including non-music activities, to the overall noise exposure of college student musicians, and to compare their "noise lives" with those of non-musician college students. DESIGN: Continuous week-long dosimetry measurements were collected on student musicians and non-musicians. During the measurement period, participants recorded their daily activities in journals. STUDY SAMPLE: 22 musicians and 40 non-musicians, all students (aged 18-24 years) at the University of Connecticut...
February 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161982/the-effects-of-musical-training-on-speech-detection-in-the-presence-of-informational-and-energetic-masking
#19
Charlotte Morse-Fortier, Mary M Parrish, Jane A Baran, Richard L Freyman
Recent research has suggested that musicians have an advantage in some speech-in-noise paradigms, but not all. Whether musicians outperform nonmusicians on a given speech-in-noise task may well depend on the type of noise involved. To date, few groups have specifically studied the role that informational masking plays in the observation of a musician advantage. The current study investigated the effect of musicianship on listeners' ability to overcome informational versus energetic masking of speech. Monosyllabic words were presented in four conditions that created similar energetic masking but either high or low informational masking...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102231/the-effects-of-musician-s-earplugs-on-acoustic-and-perceptual-measures-of-choral-and-solo-sound
#20
Sheri L Cook-Cunningham
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effects of earplugs on acoustical and perceptual measures of choral and solo sound. METHODS: The researcher tested the effects of musician's earplugs on choral and solo timbre and singer perceptions. Members of an intact women's university choir recorded Dona Nobis Pacem under two conditions, no earplugs and with earplugs over time. Approximately half of the choir members also participated as soloists, recording Over the Rainbow under the same two conditions...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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