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Binaural hearing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915294/estimating-nonorganic-hearing-thresholds-using-binaural-auditory-stimuli
#1
Linda W Norrix, Vivian Rubiano, Thomas Muller
Purpose: Minimum contralateral interference levels (MCILs) are used to estimate true hearing thresholds in individuals with unilateral nonorganic hearing loss. In this study, we determined MCILs and examined the correspondence of MCILs to true hearing thresholds to quantify the accuracy of this procedure. Method: Sixteen adults with normal hearing participated. Subjects were asked to feign a unilateral hearing loss at 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 kHz. MCILs were determined...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890230/is-there-a-best-side-for-cochlear-implants-in-post-lingual-patients
#2
Maria Stella Arantes do Amaral, Thiago A Damico, Alina S Gonçales, Ana C M B Reis, Myriam de Lima Isaac, Eduardo T Massuda, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear Implant is a sensory prosthesis capable of restoring hearing in patients with severe or profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if there is a better side to be implanted in post-lingual patients. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal study. Participants were 40 subjects, of both sex, mean age of 47 years, with post-lingual hearing loss, users of unilateral cochlear implant for more than 12 months and less than 24 months, with asymmetric auditor reserve between the ears (difference of 10dBNA, In at least one of the frequencies with a response, between the ears), divided into two groups...
July 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863555/binaural-pitch-fusion-pitch-averaging-and-dominance-in-hearing-impaired-listeners-with-broad-fusion
#3
Yonghee Oh, Lina A J Reiss
Both bimodal cochlear implant and bilateral hearing aid users can exhibit broad binaural pitch fusion, the fusion of dichotically presented tones over a broad range of pitch differences between ears [Reiss, Ito, Eggleston, and Wozny. (2014). J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol. 15(2), 235-248; Reiss, Eggleston, Walker, and Oh. (2016). J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol. 17(4), 341-356; Reiss, Shayman, Walker, Bennett, Fowler, Hartling, Glickman, Lasarev, and Oh. (2017). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 143(3), 1909-1920]. Further, the fused binaural pitch is often a weighted average of the different pitches perceived in the two ears...
August 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859494/development-of-a-method-for-determining-binaural-sensitivity-to-temporal-fine-structure
#4
Christian Füllgrabe, Andrew J Harland, Aleksander P Sęk, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a test of the ability to process binaural temporal-fine-structure (TFS) information. The test was intended to provide a graded measure of TFS sensitivity for all listeners. DESIGN: Sensitivity to TFS was assessed at a sensation level of 30 dB using the established TFS-LF test at centre frequencies of 250, 500 and 750 Hz, and using the new TFS-AF test, in which the interaural phase difference (IPD) was fixed and the frequency was adaptively varied...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852025/intravenous-raav2-9-injection-for-murine-cochlear-gene-delivery
#5
Seiji B Shibata, Hidekane Yoshimura, Paul T Ranum, Alexander T Goodwin, Richard J H Smith
Gene therapy for genetic deafness is a promising approach by which to prevent hearing loss or to restore hearing after loss has occurred. Although a variety of direct approaches to introduce viral particles into the inner ear have been described, presumed physiological barriers have heretofore precluded investigation of systemic gene delivery to the cochlea. In this study, we sought to characterize systemic delivery of a rAAV2/9 vector as a non-invasive means of cochlear transduction. In wild-type neonatal mice (postnatal day 0-1), we show that intravenous injection of rAAV2/9 carrying an eGFP-reporter gene results in binaural transduction of inner hair cells, spiral ganglion neurons and vestibular hair cells...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835140/normative-data-for-diagnosing-auditory-processing-disorder-in-norwegian-children-aged-7-12-years
#6
Tone Stokkereit Mattsson, Turid Follestad, Stein Andersson, Ola Lind, Jon Øygarden, Ståle Nordgård
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this research was to obtain normative data for auditory processing tests for Norwegian speaking children. DESIGN: Participants were administered routine audiological tests and an auditory processing test-battery consisting of Filtered Words, Competing Words, Dichotic Digits, Gaps In Noise, Duration- and Frequency Pattern, Binaural Masking Level Difference and HIST Speech in Noise test. A group of 10-year-old children were retested after two weeks...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806338/isolated-second-implant-adaptation-period-in-sequential-cochlear-implantation-in-adults
#7
Kari Smilsky, Peter R Dixon, Leah Smith, David Shipp, Amy Ng, Tara Millman, Suzanne Stewart, Julian M Nedzelski, Vincent Y Lin, Joseph M Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if depriving the use of the first cochlear implant (CI1) impacts adaptation to a sequential implant (CI2). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Academic center. PATIENTS: Sixteen unilateral cochlear implant recipients undergoing contralateral implantation (sequential bilateral) were matched according to age, etiology, duration of deafness, device age, and delay between implants. INTERVENTION: During a 4-week adaptation period after CI2 activation, patients underwent deprivation of CI1 or were permitted continued use of it...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783570/speech-reception-with-different-bilateral-directional-processing-schemes-influence-of-binaural-hearing-audiometric-asymmetry-and-acoustic-scenario
#8
Tobias Neher, Kirsten C Wagener, Matthias Latzel
Hearing aid (HA) users can differ markedly in their benefit from directional processing (or beamforming) algorithms. The current study therefore investigated candidacy for different bilateral directional processing schemes. Groups of elderly listeners with symmetric (N = 20) or asymmetric (N = 19) hearing thresholds for frequencies below 2 kHz, a large spread in the binaural intelligibility level difference (BILD), and no difference in age, overall degree of hearing loss, or performance on a measure of selective attention took part...
July 29, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768112/the-disparate-histories-of-binocular-vision-and-binaural-hearing
#9
Nicholas J Wade
Vision and hearing are dependent on disparities of spatial patterns received by two eyes and on time and intensity differences to two ears. However, the experiences of a single world have masked attention to these disparities. While eyes and ears are paired, there has not been parity in the attention directed to their functioning. Phenomena involving binocular vision were commented upon since antiquity whereas those about binaural hearing are much more recent. This history is compared with respect to the experimental manipulations of dichoptic and dichotic stimuli and the instruments used to stimulate the paired organs...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760859/sound-evoked-activity-influences-myelination-of-brainstem-axons-in-the-trapezoid-body
#10
James L Sinclair, Matthew J Fischl, Olga Alexandrova, Martin Heβ, Benedikt Grothe, Christian Leibold, Conny Kopp-Scheinpflug
Plasticity of myelination represents a mechanism to tune the flow of information by balancing functional requirements with metabolic and spatial constraints. The auditory system is heavily myelinated and operates at the upper limits of action potential generation frequency and speed observed in the mammalian CNS. This study aimed to characterize the development of myelin within the trapezoid body, a central auditory fiber tract, and determine the influence sensory experience has on this process in mice of both sexes...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758567/the-benefit-of-a-visually-guided-beamformer-in-a-dynamic-speech-task
#11
Virginia Best, Elin Roverud, Timothy Streeter, Christine R Mason, Gerald Kidd
The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a visually guided hearing aid (VGHA) under conditions designed to capture some aspects of "real-world" communication settings. The VGHA uses eye gaze to steer the acoustic look direction of a highly directional beamforming microphone array. Although the VGHA has been shown to enhance speech intelligibility for fixed-location, frontal targets, it is currently not known whether these benefits persist in the face of frequent changes in location of the target talker that are typical of conversational turn-taking...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752811/bilateral-versus-unilateral-cochlear-implantation-in-adult-listeners-speech-on-speech-masking-and-multitalker-localization
#12
Baljeet Rana, Jörg M Buchholz, Catherine Morgan, Mridula Sharma, Tobias Weller, Shivali Appaiah Konganda, Kyoko Shirai, Atsushi Kawano
Binaural hearing helps normal-hearing listeners localize sound sources and understand speech in noise. However, it is not fully understood how far this is the case for bilateral cochlear implant (CI) users. To determine the potential benefits of bilateral over unilateral CIs, speech comprehension thresholds (SCTs) were measured in seven Japanese bilateral CI recipients using Helen test sentences (translated into Japanese) in a two-talker speech interferer presented from the front (co-located with the target speech), ipsilateral to the first-implanted ear (at +90° or -90°), and spatially symmetric at ±90°...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726592/effect-of-extreme-adaptive-frequency-compression-in-bimodal-listeners-on-sound-localization-and-speech-perception
#13
Lidwien C E Veugen, Josef Chalupper, Lucas H M Mens, Ad F M Snik, A John van Opstal
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to improve access to high-frequency interaural level differences (ILD), by applying extreme frequency compression (FC) in the hearing aid (HA) of 13 bimodal listeners, using a cochlear implant (CI) and conventional HA in opposite ears. DESIGN: An experimental signal-adaptive frequency-lowering algorithm was tested, compressing frequencies above 160 Hz into the individual audible range of residual hearing, but only for consonants (adaptive FC), thus protecting vowel formants, with the aim to preserve speech perception...
September 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702821/-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#14
REVIEW
J Müller
Cochlear implants (CI) are standard for the hearing rehabilitation of severe to profound deafness. Nowadays, if bilaterally indicated, bilateral implantation is usually recommended (in accordance with German guidelines). Bilateral implantation enables better speech discrimination in quiet and in noise, and restores directional and spatial hearing. Children with bilateral CI are able to undergo hearing-based hearing and speech development. Within the scope of their individual possibilities, bilaterally implanted children develop faster than children with unilateral CI and attain, e...
July 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701535/enhancement-of-phase-locking-in-rodents-i-an-axonal-recording-study-in-gerbil
#15
Liting Wei, Shotaro Karino, Eric Verschooten, Philip X Joris
The trapezoid body (TB) contains axons of neurons in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN) projecting to monaural and binaural nuclei in the superior olivary complex (SOC). Characterization of these monaural inputs is important for the interpretation of response properties of SOC neurons. In particular, understanding of the sensitivity to interaural time differences (ITDs) in neurons of the medial and lateral superior olive (MSO and LSO) requires knowledge of the temporal firing properties of the monaural excitatory and inhibitory inputs to these neurons...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688548/eeg-activity-as-an-objective-measure-of-cognitive-load-during-effortful-listening-a-study-on-pediatric-subjects-with-bilateral-asymmetric-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#16
Pasquale Marsella, Alessandro Scorpecci, Giulia Cartocci, Sara Giannantonio, Anton Giulio Maglione, Isotta Venuti, Ambra Brizi, Fabio Babiloni
OBJECTIVES: Deaf subjects with hearing aids or cochlear implants generally find it challenging to understand speech in noisy environments where a great deal of listening effort and cognitive load are invested. In prelingually deaf children, such difficulties may have detrimental consequences on the learning process and, later in life, on academic performance. Despite the importance of such a topic, currently, there is no validated test for the assessment of cognitive load during audiological tasks...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687057/factors-influencing-speech-perception-in-noise-for-5-year-old-children-using-hearing-aids-or-cochlear-implants
#17
Teresa Yc Ching, Vicky W Zhang, Christopher Flynn, Lauren Burns, Laura Button, Sanna Hou, Karen McGhie, Patricia Van Buynder
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the factors influencing speech perception in babble for 5-year-old children with hearing loss who were using hearing aids (HAs) or cochlear implants (CIs). DESIGN: Speech reception thresholds (SRTs) for 50% correct identification were measured in two conditions - speech collocated with babble, and speech with spatially separated babble. The difference in SRTs between the two conditions give a measure of binaural unmasking, commonly known as spatial release from masking (SRM)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635497/desynchronisation-of-auditory-steady-state-responses-related-to-changes-in-interaural-phase-differences-an-objective-measure-of-binaural-hearing
#18
Charlotte Vercammen, Astrid van Wieringen, Jan Wouters, Tom Francart
OBJECTIVE: Binaural processing can be measured objectively as a desynchronisation of phase-locked neural activity to changes in interaural phase differences (IPDs). This was reported in a magnetoencephalography study for 40 Hz amplitude modulated tones. The goal of this study was to measure this desynchronisation using electroencephalography and explore the outcomes for different modulation frequencies. DESIGN: Auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) were recorded to pure tones, amplitude modulated at 20, 40 or 80 Hz...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623107/speech-in-noise-perception-in-unilateral-hearing-loss-relation-to-pure-tone-thresholds-and-brainstem-plasticity
#19
Nicolas Vannson, Chris J James, Bernard Fraysse, Boris Lescure, Kuzma Strelnikov, Olivier Deguine, Pascal Barone, Mathieu Marx
We investigated speech recognition in noise in subjects with mild to profound levels of unilateral hearing loss. Thirty-five adults were evaluated using an adaptive signal-to-noise ratio (SNR50) sentence recognition threshold test in three spatial configurations. The results revealed a significant correlation between pure-tone average audiometric thresholds in the poorer ear and SNR thresholds in the two conditions where speech and noise were spatially separated: dichotic - with speech presented to the poorer ear and reverse dichotic - with speech presented to the better ear...
June 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618809/binaural-sensitivity-in-children-who-use-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#20
Erica Ehlers, Matthew J Goupell, Yi Zheng, Shelly P Godar, Ruth Y Litovsky
Children who are deaf and receive bilateral cochlear implants (BiCIs) perform better on spatial hearing tasks using bilateral rather than unilateral inputs; however, they underperform relative to normal-hearing (NH) peers. This gap in performance is multi-factorial, including the inability of speech processors to reliably deliver binaural cues. Although much is known regarding binaural sensitivity of adults with BiCIs, less is known about how the development of binaural sensitivity in children with BiCIs compared to NH children...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
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