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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816956/differential-diagnosis-of-posterior-fossa-brain-tumors-multiple-discriminant-analysis-of-tl-spect-and-fdg-pet
#1
Moritaka Yamauchi, Tomohisa Okada, Tsutomu Okada, Akira Yamamoto, Yasutaka Fushimi, Yoshiki Arakawa, Susumu Miyamoto, Kaori Togashi
This study investigated the combined capability of thallium-201 (Tl)-SPECT and fluorine-18-fluoro-deoxy-glucose (FDG)-PET for differential diagnosis of posterior fossa brain tumors using multiple discriminant analysis.This retrospective study was conducted under approval of the institutional review board. In the hospital information system, 27 patients with posterior fossa intra-axial tumor between January 2009 and June 2015 were enrolled and grouped as the following 7 entities: low grade glioma (LGG) 6, anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) 2, glioblastoma (GBM) 3, medulloblastoma (MB) 3, hemangioblastoma (HB) 6, metastatic tumor (Mets) 3, and malignant lymphoma (ML) 4...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816796/intrathecal-infusion-of-haploidentical-nondonor-lymphocytes-for-central-nervous-system-leukemic-relapse-after-haploidentical-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#2
Azusa Mayumi, Akihisa Sawada, Aya Ioi, Kohei Higuchi, Mariko Shimizu, Maho Sato, Masahiro Yasui, Masami Inoue
Leukemic relapse in the central nervous system (CNS) after conventional treatment is associated with a poor prognosis. The effectiveness and safety of IV infusion of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched lymphocytes for leukemia, and intrathecal (IT) infusion of HLA-mismatched lymphocytes for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dissemination of medulloblastoma have been reported. A 13-year-old girl (HLA-A31) was diagnosed as relapsing from Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute leukemia in the CNS after receiving chemotherapy, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from her father (HLA-A31), and craniospinal irradiation...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815380/expression-of-micrornas-in-tumors-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-pediatric-patients-in-m%C3%A3-xico
#3
Pilar Eguía-Aguilar, Lisette Gutiérrez-Castillo, Mario Pérezpeña-Díazconti, Jeanette García-Chéquer, Jorge García-Quintana, Fernando Chico-Ponce de León, Luis Gordillo-Domínguez, Samuel Torres-García, Francisco Arenas-Huertero
PURPOSE: MicroRNAs were identified as molecules that participate in gene regulation; alterations in their expression characterize central nervous system (CNS). Information in pediatrics is scarce, so the objective of this work was to determine and then compare the patterns of expression of microRNAs in astrocytomas, ependymomas, and medulloblastomas, as well as in non-neoplastic brain. METHODS: Low-density arrays were utilized to evaluate 756 microRNAs in three samples of each type of tumor and non-neoplastic brain...
August 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808827/distinctive-localization-and-mri-features-correlate-of-molecular-subgroups-in-adult-medulloblastoma
#4
Fu Zhao, Chunde Li, Qiangyi Zhou, Peiran Qu, Bo Wang, Xin Wang, Shun Zhang, Xingchao Wang, Chi Zhao, Jing Zhang, Lin Luo, Lin Ai, Lei Xu, Pinan Liu
Medulloblastoma (MB) is recognized as comprising four molecular subgroups with distinct transcriptional profiles, clinical features, and outcomes. Previous studies demonstrate that pediatric MBs present with subgroup-specific MRI manifestations. We hypothesized that combination of anatomical localization and conventional features based on MR imaging can predict these subgroups in adult MBs. MR Imaging manifestations of 125 adult patients with MB were analyzed retrospectively based on pre-operative MRI scans...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803175/seeding-of-abdomen-with-primary-intracranial-hemangiopericytoma-by-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-case-report
#5
Kelly Bridges, Rebecca Sauerwein, Marjorie Grafe, Vassiliki Liana Tsikitis, Aaron Halfpenny, Ahmed Raslan
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) placement has been implicated in extraneural metastasis of many primary central nervous system tumors. Reported cases include, but are not limited to, medulloblastoma, germ cell tumor, astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, lymphoma, ependymoma, melanoma, and choroid plexus tumors. However, a literature review reveals no reported cases of extraneural metastasis of solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC). CASE DESCRIPTION: Here we report the case of a 34-year-old man with recurrent intracranial malignant SFT/HPC who had undergone surgical tumor resection and subsequent placement of a VPS for obstructive hydrocephalus in 2004...
August 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801738/-alterations-in-the-who-classification-of-brain-tumors-from-2016
#6
REVIEW
W J Schulz-Schaeffer
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) provides uniform definitions and a uniform nomenclature for tumors of various organs. OBJECTIVE: What changes resulted from the 2016 WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system? MATERIAL AND METHODS: Changes in the definition and classification of brain tumors of the revised WHO classification are presented. Most changes evolve from the results of molecular pathology that were generated during the last decade...
August 11, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798218/imaging-biomarkers-for-adult-medulloblastomas-genetic-entities-may-be-identified-by-their-mr-imaging-radiophenotype
#7
V C Keil, M Warmuth-Metz, C Reh, S J Enkirch, C Reinert, D Beier, D T W Jones, T Pietsch, H H Schild, E Hattingen, P Hau
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The occurrence of medulloblastomas in adults is rare; nevertheless, these tumors can be subdivided into genetic and histologic entities each having distinct prognoses. This study aimed to identify MR imaging biomarkers to classify these entities and to uncover differences in MR imaging biomarkers identified in pediatric medulloblastomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible preoperative MRIs from 28 patients (11 women; 22-53 years of age) of the Multicenter Pilot-study for the Therapy of Medulloblastoma of Adults (NOA-7) cohort were assessed by 3 experienced neuroradiologists...
August 10, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792655/multiple-pilomatrixomas-in-a-survivor-of-wnt-activated-medulloblastoma-leading-to-the-discovery-of-a-germline-apc-mutation-and-the-diagnosis-of-familial-adenomatous-polyposis
#8
Charles R Bendelsmith, Mary M Skrypek, Sachin R Patel, Dinel A Pond, Amy M Linabery, Anne E Bendel
Because children diagnosed with WNT-activated medulloblastoma have a 10-year overall survival rate of 95%, active long-term follow-up is critically important in reducing mortality from other causes. Here, we describe an 11-year-old adopted female who developed multiple pilomatrixomas 3 years after diagnosis of WNT-activated medulloblastoma, an unusual finding that prompted deeper clinical investigation. A heterozygous germline APC gene mutation was discovered, consistent with familial adenomatous polyposis...
August 9, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783147/marrow-ablative-chemotherapy-followed-by-tandem-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-pediatric-patients-with-malignant-brain-tumors
#9
J A Guerra, G Dhall, A Marachelian, E Castillo, J Malvar, K Wong, R Sposto, J L Finlay
To improve survival in young children with malignant brain tumors, irradiation-avoiding or -minimizing marrow-ablative chemotherapy (HDCx) with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AuHCT) has been investigated. We evaluated the outcome of 44 children with malignant brain tumors treated with HDCx and tandem AuHCT at Children's Hospital Los Angeles between June 1999 and July 2012. Forty-four children with malignant brain tumors were studied. Twenty-one had medulloblastoma/primitive neuro-ectodermal tumor, eight atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (ATRT), five high-grade glioma, four malignant germ cell tumor, three ependymoma and three choroid plexus carcinoma...
August 7, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778067/exome-sequencing-analysis-of-murine-medulloblastoma-models-identifies-wdr11-as-a-potential-tumor-suppressor-in-group-3-tumors
#10
Lei Wei, Brian L Murphy, Gang Wu, Matthew Parker, John Easton, Richard J Gilbertson, Jinghui Zhang, Martine F Roussel
Mouse models of human cancers are widely used in cancer research, yet questions frequently arise regarding their faithfulness in recapitulating their human counterparts. To compare the somatic mutations of murine models with human medulloblastoma (MB), we performed whole-exome sequencing on 12 tumors representing three distinct medulloblastoma subgroups: Wnt, Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) and Group 3 (G3). In total, 64 somatic mutations were identified and validated, including 40 predicted to cause amino acid changes...
July 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777795/regulation-of-gli-ciliary-localization-and-hedgehog-signaling-by-the-py-nls-karyopherin-%C3%AE-2-nuclear-import-system
#11
Yuhong Han, Yue Xiong, Xuanming Shi, Jiang Wu, Yun Zhao, Jin Jiang
Hedgehog (Hh) signaling in vertebrates depends on primary cilia. Upon stimulation, Hh pathway components, including Gli transcription factors, accumulate at primary cilia to transduce the Hh signal, but the mechanisms underlying their ciliary targeting remains largely unknown. Here, we show that the PY-type nuclear localization signal (PY-NLS)/karyopherinβ2 (Kapβ2) nuclear import system regulates Gli ciliary localization and Hh pathway activation. Mutating the PY-NLS in Gli or knockdown of Kapβ2 diminished Gli ciliary localization...
August 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777430/long-noncoding-rna-ccat1-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-metastasis-in-human-medulloblastoma-via-mapk-pathway
#12
Ran Gao, Rui Zhang, Cuicui Zhang, Li Zhao, Yue Zhang
BACKGROUND: Medulloblastoma is the most common posterior fossa tumor in children and one that easily metastasizes. The mechanisms of how the medulloblastoma develops and progresses remain to be elucidated. The present study aimed to assess the role of long noncoding colon cancer-associated transcript-1 (lncRNA CCAT1) in cell proliferation and metastasis in human medulloblastoma. METHODS: Levels of CCAT1 were measured in samples and cell lines of medulloblastoma...
August 3, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777153/a-diagnostic-pitfall-atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumor-versus-dedifferentiated-poorly-differentiated-chordoma-analysis-of-a-mono-institutional-series
#13
Anna Maria Buccoliero, Chiara Caporalini, Mirko Scagnet, Gianna Baroni, Selene Moscardi, Federico Mussa, Flavio Giordano, Iacopo Sardi, Lorenzo Genitori
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) and dedifferentiated/poorly differentiated chordoma are pediatric tumors with some overlapping morphologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features. Both these tumors have alterations in the tumor suppressor gene SMARCB1 resulting in loss of expression of the INI-1 protein. On the contrary, dedifferentiated/poorly differentiated chordoma expresses the transcription factor brachyury, whereas AT/RT does not. In this article we have reviewed the clinicopathologic features of a pediatric series of tumors (17 samples from 14 patients) located in the brain or within the axial spine and the base of the skull diagnosed as AT/RTs or as dedifferentiated/poorly differentiated chordomas...
August 2, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770391/quality-of-life-in-long-term-survivors-treated-for-metastatic-medulloblastoma-with-a-hyperfractionated-accelerated-radiotherapy-hart-strategy
#14
L Veneroni, L Boschetti, F Barretta, C A Clerici, F Simonetti, E Schiavello, V Biassoni, F Spreafico, L Gandola, E Pecori, B Diletto, G Poggi, F Gariboldi, R Sensi, M Massimino
PURPOSE: An intensive therapeutic strategy for metastatic medulloblastoma was launched in 1998 in our Institution. The aim of this study was to examine the long-term quality of life (QoL) in survivor patients at least 3 years after the end of the treatment. METHODS: Patients were asked to complete self-administered QoL questionnaires. An index of physical impairment (IPI) was scored (range 0-100; the lower the score the better) based on clinical objective observations...
August 2, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766000/-pediatric-brain-tumors
#15
REVIEW
W Reith, S Bodea, R Mühl-Benninghaus
Brain tumors differ between children and adults both in histology and localization. Malignant gliomas and meningiomas predominate in adults while medulloblastomas and low-grade astrocytomas are the most frequent brain tumors in children. More than one half (50-70%) of pediatric brain tumors have an infratentorial location but only approximately 30% in adults. Brain tumors can be recognized in sonography, cranial computed tomography (CCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by their space-consuming character and by their divergent density and intensity in comparison to normal brain parenchyma...
August 1, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761505/a-case-of-early-extraneural-medulloblastoma-metastases-in-a-young-adult
#16
COMMENT
Abbas Amirjamshidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757413/restoration-of-mir-30a-expression-inhibits-growth-tumorigenicity-of-medulloblastoma-cells-accompanied-by-autophagy-inhibition
#17
Satishkumar Vishram Singh, Aditi Nigam Dakhole, Akash Deogharkar, Sadaf Kazi, Rohan Kshirsagar, Atul Goel, Aliasgar Moiyadi, Rakesh Jalali, Epari Sridhar, Tejpal Gupta, Prakash Shetty, Nikhil Gadewal, Neelam Vishwanath Shirsat
Medulloblastoma is a highly malignant pediatric brain tumor. About 30% patients have metastasis at diagnosis and respond poorly to treatment. Those that survive, suffer long term neurocognitive, endocrine and developmental defects due to the cytotoxic treatment to developing child brain. It is therefore necessary to develop targeted treatment strategies based on underlying biology for effective treatment of medulloblastoma with minimal side effects. Medulloblastomas are believed to be the result of deregulated nervous system development as evident from the role of WNT and SHH developmental signaling pathways in pathogenesis of medulloblastomas...
July 27, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757377/redefining-the-molecular-substructure-of-medulloblastoma
#18
Ramla Benmaamar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757092/beta-hairpin-hydrogels-as-scaffolds-for-high-throughput-drug-discovery-in-three-dimensional-cell-culture
#19
Peter Worthington, Katherine M Drake, Zhiqin Li, Andrew D Napper, Darrin J Pochan, Sigrid A Langhans
Automated cell-based high-throughput screening (HTS) is a powerful tool in drug discovery, and it is increasingly being recognized that three-dimensional (3D) models, which more closely mimic in vivo-like conditions, are desirable screening platforms. One limitation hampering the development of 3D HTS is the lack of suitable 3D culture scaffolds that can readily be incorporated into existing HTS infrastructure. We now show that β-hairpin peptide hydrogels can serve as a 3D cell culture platform that is compatible with HTS...
July 27, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754787/integrative-genomics-characterize-medulloblastoma-subtypes
#20
(no author information available yet)
Integrative genomic analysis characterized the genomic landscapes of medulloblastoma subtypes.
July 28, 2017: Cancer Discovery
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