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shoulder arthrosis

Michael Livesey, John G Horneff, Daniel Sholder, Mark Lazarus, Gerald Williams, Surena Namdari
A well-functioning rotator cuff is necessary for successful anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). This study evaluated patients who underwent concomitant TSA and rotator cuff repair (RCR) for functional outcomes, revision rates, and predictors of poor results. Retrospective chart review was conducted to identify patients who underwent TSA and RCR. Demographic data, rotator cuff tear and RCR characteristics, range of motion, and radiographs were recorded. Minimum 2-year functional outcomes were obtained...
March 1, 2018: Orthopedics
Rongguang Ao, Yalong Zhu, Jianhua Zhou, Zhen Jian, Jifei Shi, Cheng Li, Wankun Hu, Baoqing Yu
BACKGROUND: Traumatic sternoclavicular joint dislocations are rare; closed reduction is the primary treatment. The failure of closed reduction or a prominent insult to the skin may require surgery to ensure the best possible outcome. METHODS: The records of 5 patients operated at our institution for sternoclavicular joint dislocation were reviewed. All patients were treated with open reduction and single 3.5-mm locking plate was used for fixation. Outcomes were evaluated with the Constant Shoulder Score (CSS) and Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire...
January 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
G Daniel G Langohr, John P Haverstock, James A Johnson, George S Athwal
BACKGROUND: Both anatomic (TSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) are common interventions for glenohumeral arthrosis, with the goal of relieving pain and restoring mobility. Understanding shoulder arthroplasty motion and frequency is of interest in evaluating effectiveness and in predicting bearing wear for implant development and optimization. The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the total daily shoulder motion of patients after TSA and RTSA. METHODS: Thirty-six human subjects who had undergone shoulder arthroplasty wore a custom instrumented garment that tracked upper extremity motion for the waking hours of 1 day...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Carl M Harper, Matthew L Iorio
Injury to the lunotriquetral ligament can result in midcarpal instability, with resultant alterations in normal wrist kinematics and subsequent arthrosis. We performed a previously undescribed technique of lunotriquetral ligament reconstruction in two patients utilizing a palmaris longus tendon autograft. Average age at presentation was 24 years old with a mean follow up of 10 months. Average range of motion was 62.5° of flexion and 57.5° of extension. Total arc of motion was 83% of the contralateral uninvolved extremity...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Signe Nanna Rosner Rasmussen, Helge Vous Bonde
Referral for shoulder joint replacement in patients with glenohumeral arthrosis may be delayed in the primary sector. When non-surgical first-line treatment has little effect on pain and quality of life, patients should be referred for orthopaedic specialist assessment. New trends regarding shoulder prosthesis are under way as indicated by data from the Danish Shoulder Alloplasty Registry from the latest decade with an increase in number and quality. Changed demographic composition in favour of the elderly makes focus on the importance of shoulder prosthesis regarding research and treatment algorithm...
November 6, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Suzanne C Wilkens, Matthew A Tarabochia, David Ring, Neal C Chen
BACKGROUND: A common adage among hand surgeons is that the symptoms of trapeziometacarpal (TMC) arthrosis vary among patients independent of the radiographic severity. We studied factors associated with radiographic severity of TMC arthrosis, thumb pain, thumb-specific disability, pinch strength, and grip strength in patients not seeking care for TMC arthrosis. Our primary null hypothesis was that there are no factors independently associated with radiographic severity of TMC arthrosis according to the Eaton classification among patients not seeking care for TMC arthrosis...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Mehmet Demirel, Ali Erşen, Gökhan Karademir, Ata Can Atalar, Mehmet Demirhan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to present middle-term functional and radiological outcomes of the transfer of the lesser tuberosity in the management of reverse Hill-Sachs lesions following posterior dislocations of the shoulder. PATIENTS AND METHODS: With a diagnosis of neglected posterior shoulder dislocation (8 locked, 5 recurrent), 13 male patients (age range: 28-72; mean age: 39.3 years) who underwent the transfer of the lesser tuberosity due to reverse Hill-Sachs lesions, were retrospectively reviewed based on functional and radiological data...
August 24, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Suzanne C Wilkens, Mariano E Menendez, David Ring, Neal Chen
BACKGROUND: Trapeziometacarpal (TMC) arthrosis has a variety of treatment options, including nonoperative (eg, education, splint, injection) and operative management. Symptoms and limitations vary greatly among patients. The purpose of this study was to determine an association of symptoms and limitations, quantified using the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) score, with treatment choice in patients newly diagnosed with TMC arthrosis. We also addressed the association of the QuickDASH score with radiographic severity and sought factors associated with higher QuickDASH scores...
September 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Karan A Patel, Kara L Boyd, Kevin J Renfree, Steven J Hattrup
BACKGROUND: Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is an important treatment option for 4-part proximal humerus fractures in the elderly and arthrosis of the glenohumeral joint with incompetence of the rotator cuff. Unique complications do occur with use of this type of prosthesis. METHODS: We present 4 cases of polyethylene dissociation after RSA. RESULTS: In a series of 549 patients who underwent RSA, the incidence of polyethylene dissociation was found to be 0...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Robert J Neviaser, Michael T Benke, Andrew S Neviaser
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term outcome of the open Bankart repair for traumatic, recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder by evaluation of recurrence, range of motion, return to sports, arthritis, patient satisfaction, and outcome measures. METHODS: Of 162 patients, 127 patients (mean age, 31 years) were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 17.1 years (5-24) after undergoing an open Bankart repair using suture anchors. An independent orthopedic surgeon obtained a history and examined each for range of motion...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Andrew M Steffensmeier, Karen Kirkham, John M Wiemann
INTRODUCTION: Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral or humeral heads in patients with sickle cell anemia is a common and painful condition. There is currently no gold standard treatment protocol for this condition. Typically, the pain is managed with narcotics and activity restriction until there has been collapse of the subchondral bone with a degree of arthrosis sufficient to warrant total joint arthroplasty. This method entails prolonged pain for the patient and decreases the ability to function occupationally and recreationally...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Christoph Schulze, Hans Christian Köhler, Alexander Kaltenborn, André Gutcke, Thomas Tischer
Background Subacromial impingement is a common reason for pain in the shoulder. Treatment is difficult and patients are not able to work for a long time. An increasing number of operative treatments can be observed although conservative treatment is effective, too. There is no study that observed how operative and conservative treatment influence ability to work. Methods 86 persons were included in this prospective study. Surgery was performed with an arthroscopy of the shoulder. Conservative treatment was carried out by a physiotherapist under control of the physician...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Joseph M Statz, Bradley S Schoch, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, John W Sperling, Robert H Cofield
INTRODUCTION: Locked anterior shoulder dislocation (LASD) is an uncommon condition associated with bone, articular cartilage, and soft tissue damage. In selected cases, shoulder arthroplasty (SA) may be the best treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes of SA for LASD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1976 and 2013, 19 SAs [three hemiarthroplasties (HA), seven total shoulder arthroplasties (TSA), and nine reverse shoulder arthroplasties (RSA), mean age 62 years] were performed for LASD...
June 2017: International Orthopaedics
Brian R Waterman, Kelly G Kilcoyne, Stephen A Parada, Josef K Eichinger
Post-instability arthropathy may commonly develop in high-risk patients with a history of recurrent glenohumeral instability, both with and without surgical stabilization. Classically related to anterior shoulder instability, the incidence and rates of arthritic progression may vary widely. Radiographic arthritic changes may be present in up to two-thirds of patients after primary Bankart repair and 30% after Latarjet procedure, with increasing rates associated with recurrent dislocation history, prominent implant position, non-anatomic reconstruction, and/or lateralized bone graft placement...
March 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
J Roca, R Valero, C Gomar
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pain after cardiac surgery (CS) can be generated at several foci besides the sternotomy. METHODS: Prospective descriptive longitudinal study on the chronological evolution of pain in 11 sites after CS including consecutive patients submitted to elective CS through sternotomy. The primary endpoints were to establish the main origins of pain, and to describe its chronological evolution during the first postoperative week. Secondary endpoints were to describe pain characteristics in the sternotomy area and to correlate pain intensity with other variables...
February 22, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Süleyman Semih Dedeoğlu, Yunus İmren, Haluk Çabuk, Murat Çakar, Samet Murat Arslan, Cem Zeki Esenyel
AIM: We aimed to evaluate clinical and functional outcomes of indirect fracture reduction performed by coracoclavicular fixation with minimal invasive double button lift-up system in Neer type IIa unstable fractures of distal clavicle. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 22 patients with Neer type 2 distal clavicle fracture were enrolled in that prospective study. All patients underwent indirect reduction and osteosynthesis performed by coracoclavicular fixation with minimal invasive double button lift-up system...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Alexandre Tadeu do Nascimento, Gustavo Kogake Claudio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical results among patients undergoing arthroscopic repair of circumferential labral lesions. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 10 patients who underwent arthroscopic repair to circumferential labral lesions of the shoulder, between September 2012 and September 2015. The patients were evaluated by means of the Carter-Rowe score, DASH score, UCLA score, visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and Short-Form 36 (SF36). The average age at surgery was 29...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Louaste Jamal, Hicham Bousbaa, Taoufik Cherrad, Mohammed Wahidi, Larbi Amhajji, Khalid Rachid
Between 2005 and 2014, 73 patients (77 shoulders) underwent Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder instability. This retrospective study aims to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of this surgical technique. Surgical intervention was performed to treat 69 cases with recurrent dislocation, 5 cases with recurrent painful subluxation and 3 cases with painful shoulder. All patients underwent radiographic evaluation before surgery and during the most recent medical control. According to Rowe score, 73 (94...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
D Slullitel, H Galán, V F Della, F Ibañez
INTRODUCTION: The surgical treatment of acromioclavicular dislocation remains controversial. We describe herein a combined two-stage technique that includes an arthroscopic approach followed by a mini-invasive approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 41 patients with acromioclavicular dislocation grades III, IV and V. Acute and chronic lesions and revision surgeries were included during the follow-up. Patients with other shoulder conditions were excluded. Mean age was 28...
January 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
A H Wormdal, S H Tallaksen, Ø Hagen, O E Foss, V Finsen
The Quick disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (QuickDASH) patient-reported outcome measure is frequently used to assess disabilities and symptoms of the upper extremity. This study compares real preoperative QuickDASH scores and remembered preoperative QuickDASH scores. Remembered preoperative QuickDASH scores were obtained 45 months (39-67) after surgery. Patient material consisted of 160 patients operated for Dupuytren's contracture, carpal tunnel syndrome, thumb basal joint arthrosis, and shoulder pain...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
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