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shoulder arthrosis

Andrew M Steffensmeier, Karen Kirkham, John M Wiemann
INTRODUCTION: Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral or humeral heads in patients with sickle cell anemia is a common and painful condition. There is currently no gold standard treatment protocol for this condition. Typically, the pain is managed with narcotics and activity restriction until there has been collapse of the subchondral bone with a degree of arthrosis sufficient to warrant total joint arthroplasty. This method entails prolonged pain for the patient and decreases the ability to function occupationally and recreationally...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Christoph Schulze, Hans Christian Köhler, Alexander Kaltenborn, André Gutcke, Thomas Tischer
Background Subacromial impingement is a common reason for pain in the shoulder. Treatment is difficult and patients are not able to work for a long time. An increasing number of operative treatments can be observed although conservative treatment is effective, too. There is no study that observed how operative and conservative treatment influence ability to work. Methods 86 persons were included in this prospective study. Surgery was performed with an arthroscopy of the shoulder. Conservative treatment was carried out by a physiotherapist under control of the physician...
April 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Joseph M Statz, Bradley S Schoch, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, John W Sperling, Robert H Cofield
INTRODUCTION: Locked anterior shoulder dislocation (LASD) is an uncommon condition associated with bone, articular cartilage, and soft tissue damage. In selected cases, shoulder arthroplasty (SA) may be the best treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes of SA for LASD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1976 and 2013, 19 SAs [three hemiarthroplasties (HA), seven total shoulder arthroplasties (TSA), and nine reverse shoulder arthroplasties (RSA), mean age 62 years] were performed for LASD...
March 30, 2017: International Orthopaedics
Brian R Waterman, Kelly G Kilcoyne, Stephen A Parada, Josef K Eichinger
Post-instability arthropathy may commonly develop in high-risk patients with a history of recurrent glenohumeral instability, both with and without surgical stabilization. Classically related to anterior shoulder instability, the incidence and rates of arthritic progression may vary widely. Radiographic arthritic changes may be present in up to two-thirds of patients after primary Bankart repair and 30% after Latarjet procedure, with increasing rates associated with recurrent dislocation history, prominent implant position, non-anatomic reconstruction, and/or lateralized bone graft placement...
March 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
J Roca, R Valero, C Gomar
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pain after cardiac surgery (CS) can be generated at several foci besides the sternotomy. METHODS: Prospective descriptive longitudinal study on the chronological evolution of pain in 11 sites after CS including consecutive patients submitted to elective CS through sternotomy. The primary endpoints were to establish the main origins of pain, and to describe its chronological evolution during the first postoperative week. Secondary endpoints were to describe pain characteristics in the sternotomy area and to correlate pain intensity with other variables...
February 22, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Süleyman Semih Dedeoğlu, Yunus İmren, Haluk Çabuk, Murat Çakar, Samet Murat Arslan, Cem Zeki Esenyel
AIM: We aimed to evaluate clinical and functional outcomes of indirect fracture reduction performed by coracoclavicular fixation with minimal invasive double button lift-up system in Neer type IIa unstable fractures of distal clavicle. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 22 patients with Neer type 2 distal clavicle fracture were enrolled in that prospective study. All patients underwent indirect reduction and osteosynthesis performed by coracoclavicular fixation with minimal invasive double button lift-up system...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Alexandre Tadeu do Nascimento, Gustavo Kogake Claudio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical results among patients undergoing arthroscopic repair of circumferential labral lesions. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 10 patients who underwent arthroscopic repair to circumferential labral lesions of the shoulder, between September 2012 and September 2015. The patients were evaluated by means of the Carter-Rowe score, DASH score, UCLA score, visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and Short-Form 36 (SF36). The average age at surgery was 29...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Louaste Jamal, Hicham Bousbaa, Taoufik Cherrad, Mohammed Wahidi, Larbi Amhajji, Khalid Rachid
Between 2005 and 2014, 73 patients (77 shoulders) underwent Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder instability. This retrospective study aims to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of this surgical technique. Surgical intervention was performed to treat 69 cases with recurrent dislocation, 5 cases with recurrent painful subluxation and 3 cases with painful shoulder. All patients underwent radiographic evaluation before surgery and during the most recent medical control. According to Rowe score, 73 (94...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
D Slullitel, H Galán, V F Della, F Ibañez
INTRODUCTION: The surgical treatment of acromioclavicular dislocation remains controversial. We describe herein a combined two-stage technique that includes an arthroscopic approach followed by a mini-invasive approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 41 patients with acromioclavicular dislocation grades III, IV and V. Acute and chronic lesions and revision surgeries were included during the follow-up. Patients with other shoulder conditions were excluded. Mean age was 28...
January 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
A H Wormdal, S H Tallaksen, Ø Hagen, O E Foss, V Finsen
The Quick disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (QuickDASH) patient-reported outcome measure is frequently used to assess disabilities and symptoms of the upper extremity. This study compares real preoperative QuickDASH scores and remembered preoperative QuickDASH scores. Remembered preoperative QuickDASH scores were obtained 45 months (39-67) after surgery. Patient material consisted of 160 patients operated for Dupuytren's contracture, carpal tunnel syndrome, thumb basal joint arthrosis, and shoulder pain...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Ying-Chao Chou, Yung-Heng Hsu, Yi-Hsun Yu, Chi-Chuan Wu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if the triceps-reflecting anconeus pedicle (TRAP) approach combined with the precontoured locking plate can provide acceptable clinical outcomes in the treatment of comminuted distal humerus fracture. METHODS: Between August 2008 and June 2014, 48 patients with Orthopaedic Trauma Association type C (21 with C2, 27 with C3) distal humerus fractures underwent open reduction and internal fixation with orthogonal precontoured locking plate fixation using the TRAP approach...
October 2016: Injury
Jonathan M Frank, Bryan M Saltzman, Nickolas Garbis, Mark S Cohen
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the capitellum are rare and are commonly classified into 4 types. Type II variants involve a shear injury with a mostly articular cartilage component and little subchondral bone. Symptoms upon presentation after these injuries are variable, and the diagnosis can be difficult to make in the immature skeleton. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 3 cases of type II capitellar fractures in adolescent athletes who presented for evaluation with the senior author...
September 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Kevin Chan, Kenneth J Faber, Graham J W King, George S Athwal
BACKGROUND: Surgical fixation is currently recommended for unstable anteromedial coronoid fractures, but the role of nonoperative management is not well defined. Our purpose was to report the functional and radiographic outcomes of select patients managed nonoperatively. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2012, 10 patients with anteromedial coronoid fractures underwent nonoperative treatment. Outcomes assessed included elbow range of motion (ROM), stability, strength, radiographs, and 3 functional questionnaires, including the Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation, Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand, and Mayo Elbow Performance Index...
August 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Hidekazu Miyake, Daisuke Mori, Tasuku Katayama, Shuu Fujiwara, Yuichi Sato, Kagaku Azuma, Kin-Ya Kubo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In humans, occlusal disharmony may cause various physical complaints, including head and neck ache, stiffness in the shoulder and neck, and arthrosis of the temporomandibular joints. Occlusal disharmony induced by raising the bite in rodents, increases plasma corticosterone levels, which leads to morphologic changes in the hippocampus and altered hippocampus-related behavior. The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus regulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system...
August 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Éder Menegassi Martel, Airton Rodrigues, Francisco José Dos Santos Neto, Cleiton Dahmer, Abel Ranzzi, Rafaella Scuzziato Dubiela
OBJECTIVE: To clinically and radiologically evaluate the results from videoarthroscopic treatment using metal anchors in patients with recurrent shoulder dislocation and its complications. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 47 patients (47 shoulders) operated by the shoulder group of the orthopedic hospital between February 2010 and February 2012. A questionnaire, interview and physical and radiographic examinations were used, with the classification of Samilson and Pietro...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Sung-Weon Jung, Seung-Hoon Kang, Min Jeong, Hae-Seong Lim
BACKGROUND: Distal humerus intercondylar fractures are intra-articular and comminuted fractures involving soft tissue injury. As distal humerus is triangle-shaped, parallel plating coupled with articular fixation would be suitable for bicolumn restoration in treatment of distal humerus intercondylar fracture. METHODS: This study included 38 patients (15 males and 23 females) who underwent olecranon osteotomy, open reduction and internal fixation with the triangle-shaped cannulated screw and parallel locking plates (triangular fixation technique)...
March 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Line Lied, Kari Bjørnstad, Ann K N Woje, Vilhjalmur Finsen
BACKGROUND: We performed an interposition arthroplasty using the abductor pollicis longus tendon for arthrosis in the basal joint of the thumb that needed surgery from 1995 to 2010. In 2001 47 patients (55 thumbs) were reviewed after 3.5 (1-5) years. The pain relief was excellent in 32 thumbs, and 25 patients improved their ability to perform daily tasks. Mobility was well preserved. Key pinch and grip strengths averaged 78% and 89%, respectively, of those in unaffected hands. We have now re-examined all 33 available patients (36 thumbs) 11-14 years after surgery...
February 1, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Stéphanie J E Becker, Wendy E Bruinsma, Thierry G Guitton, Chantal M A M van der Horst, Simon D Strackee, David Ring
PURPOSE: To determine whether simplification of the Eaton-Glickel (E-G) classification of trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint arthrosis (eliminating evaluation of the scaphotrapezial [ST] joint) and information about the patient's symptoms and examination influence interobserver reliability. We also tested the null hypotheses that no patient and/or surgeon factors affect radiographic rating of TMC joint arthrosis and that no surgeon factors affect the radiographic rating of ST joint arthrosis...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Antoine de Runz, Nicolas Pauchard, Thomas Sorin, François Dap, Gilles Dautel
BACKGROUND: Ulnocarpal impaction syndrome occurs mostly in patients with positive ulnar variance. Ulnar-shortening osteotomy is a commonly used method to correct it, but degenerative changes may appear in the distal radioulnar joint. The authors evaluated outcome after ulnar-shortening osteotomy, particularly the impact of distal radioulnar joint osteoarthritis. METHODS: A 10-year study was performed of patients who underwent ulnar-shortening osteotomy. RESULTS: Forty-six patients were available for clinical examination and radiography...
January 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Brett A Lenart, Surena Namdari, Gerald R Williams
BACKGROUND: Glenoid bone loss is a challenging problem when performing total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Posterior glenoid bone deficiency is more common than anterior deficiency, and so the literature on methods to treat anterior glenoid deficiency in the setting of TSA is not common. The purpose of this case series was to describe preoperative factors, surgical technique, and clinical outcomes in select patients who underwent placement of an anteriorly augmented glenoid component during TSA...
March 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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