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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802353/hearing-loss-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#1
John S Muus, Forest W Weir, Kathryn L Kreicher, Deborah A Bowlby, Christopher M Discolo, Ted A Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Although insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) has been shown to be important for inner-ear development in animal models, little is known about the otologic and audiologic findings of children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). The goal of this study is to evaluate the prevalence, type, and severity of hearing impairment in children with GHD. METHODS: Audiologic, otologic, and demographic data were recorded for children with a diagnosis of GHD in the AudGen database...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793162/automatic-speech-recognition-predicts-speech-intelligibility-and-comprehension-for-listeners-with-simulated-age-related-hearing-loss
#2
Lionel Fontan, Isabelle Ferrané, Jérôme Farinas, Julien Pinquier, Julien Tardieu, Cynthia Magnen, Pascal Gaillard, Xavier Aumont, Christian Füllgrabe
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to assess speech processing for listeners with simulated age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and to investigate whether the observed performance can be replicated using an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system. The long-term goal of this research is to develop a system that will assist audiologists/hearing-aid dispensers in the fine-tuning of hearing aids. Method: Sixty young participants with normal hearing listened to speech materials mimicking the perceptual consequences of ARHL at different levels of severity...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768319/evaluating-random-error-in-clinician-administered-surveys-theoretical-considerations-and-clinical-applications-of-interobserver-reliability-and-agreement
#3
Rebecca J Bennett, Dunay S Taljaard, Michelle Olaithe, Chris Brennan-Jones, Robert H Eikelboom
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to raise awareness of interobserver concordance and the differences between interobserver reliability and agreement when evaluating the responsiveness of a clinician-administered survey and, specifically, to demonstrate the clinical implications of data types (nominal/categorical, ordinal, interval, or ratio) and statistical index selection (for example, Cohen's kappa, Krippendorff's alpha, or interclass correlation). Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 3 clinical audiologists, who were masked to each other's scores, administered the Practical Hearing Aid Skills Test-Revised to 18 adult owners of hearing aids...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757935/cleft-palate-only-current-concepts
#4
L Tettamanti, A Avantaggiato, M Nardone, J Silvestre-Rangil, A Tagliabue
Cleft palate only (CPO) is one of the most common congenital malformations worldwide. The etiopathogenesis of CPO is not completely understood. Environmental factors, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, intake of drugs during pregnancy, advanced paternal age, have been demonstrated to be a risk of CPO, but conflicting results have also been published. Insufficient intake of folic acid during the pregnancy has been suggested to increase the risk for CPO. The demonstrated risk for siblings and the higher risk for monozygotic twins suggest a genetic etiopathogenesis for CPO...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752808/decision-making-in-audiology-balancing-evidence-based-practice-and-patient-centered-care
#5
Isabelle Boisvert, Jennifer Clemesha, Erik Lundmark, Erica Crome, Caitlin Barr, Catherine M McMahon
Health-care service delivery models have evolved from a practitioner-centered approach toward a patient-centered ideal. Concurrently, increasing emphasis has been placed on the use of empirical evidence in decision-making to increase clinical accountability. The way in which clinicians use empirical evidence and client preferences to inform decision-making provides an insight into health-care delivery models utilized in clinical practice. The present study aimed to investigate the sources of information audiologists use when discussing rehabilitation choices with clients, and discuss the findings within the context of evidence-based practice and patient-centered care...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752366/-toni-haid-travel-grant-for-neurootologic-research-of-the-working-group-of-german-speaking-audiologists-neurootologists-and-otologists
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722646/noncongruence-between-audiologist-and-patient-preferences-for-patient-centeredness
#7
Vinaya Manchaiah, Ashley L Dockens, Monica Bellon-Harn, Erin S Burns
BACKGROUND: Trends in preferences of both healthcare providers and patients to patient-centeredness have been emphasized in research. However, an understanding of the nature of preferences to patient-centeredness within the context of the audiologist-patient relationship is needed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore the congruence between audiologist and patient preferences for patient-centeredness. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used to gather data from audiologists and patients with hearing loss...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719718/cochlear-implant-electrode-array-exposure-a-delayed-complication
#8
Christina Mishu, David A Klodd, Miriam Redleaf
Exposure of the cochlear implant electrode array as a late complication has been reported rarely in the literature. A retrospective analysis revealed 4 patients presenting with exposure of their cochlear implant electrode arrays from 2 to 17 years after implantation. Data collected from these 4 patients were surgical implantation approach, type of implant, age at implant, interval between implant and complication, surgical correction of the problem, pathology at the time of correction, and length of follow-up after intervention...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708444/counselling-users-of-hearing-technology-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#9
Alex Meibos, Karen Muñoz, Jared Schultz, Tanner Price, John J Whicker, Ana Caballero, Laurel Graham
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to determine the scope of peer-reviewed empirical research related to counselling in audiology with patients using hearing technology and to identify limitations and gaps to guide recommendations for future research. DESIGN: A rapid evidence assessment was used to identify relevant articles for the review. STUDY SAMPLE: Eighteen articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Three themes were identified: (1) audiologist counselling perspectives, (2) counselling communication trends in practice and (3) audiologist experiences with professional training and reported patient outcomes...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704900/examination-of-an-audiologist-s-response-to-patient-s-expression-of-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#10
Ashley L Dockens, Monica L Bellon-Harn, Erin S Burns, Vinaya Manchaiah, Orlando Hinojosa
This pilot study explores audiologist-patient interactions during initial evaluations or consultations. In particular, an audiologist's response to patient symptoms is examined. Conversations between audiologist and patients were recorded using a digital recorder, which were transcribed, and analyzed using the Codes for Human Analysis of Transcripts and Child Language Analysis computer programs. Mean length of turn and frequency of utterances related to explicit discussion or description of symptoms or the patient's interpretation of symptoms was determined...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680489/a-comparative-study-on-hearing-aid-benefits-of-digital-hearing-aid-use-bte-from-six-months-to-two-years
#11
Lukeshwari Verma, Himanshu Kumar Sanju, Bibina Scaria, Mayank Awasthi, Aparna Ravichandran, Ashritha Kaki, Savalam Gnana Rathna Prakash
Introduction  For many reasons, it is important for audiologists and consumers to document improvement and benefit from amplification device at various stages of uses of amplification device. Professional are also interested to see the impact of amplification device on the consumer's auditory performance at different stages i.e. immediately after fitting and over several months of use. Objective  The objective of the study was to measure the hearing aid benefit following 6 months - 1-year usage, 1 year - 1...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678547/referral-rates-of-postlingually-deafened-adult-hearing-aid-users-for-a-cochlear-implant-candidacy-assessment
#12
Valerie Looi, Cleo Bluett, Isabelle Boisvert
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were: to investigate the referral rates of postlingually deafened adult cochlear implant (CI) candidates from a hearing aid (HA) clinic for a CI candidacy assessment and to gain insight about factors influencing the referral pathways to CI assessments. DESIGN: Two methodologies were used: a retrospective cohort study reviewing clinical files and a questionnaire to clinicians. STUDY SAMPLE: The files of 1249 adult clients from the HA clinic who had average puretone hearing thresholds greater or equal to 65 dB HL in the better hearing ear and unaided phoneme recognition scores of less than 50% in both ears were reviewed...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670275/results-of-an-interdisciplinary-day-care-approach-for-chronic-tinnitus-treatment-a-prospective-study-introducing-the-jena-interdisciplinary-treatment-for-tinnitus
#13
Daniela Ivansic, Christian Dobel, Gerd F Volk, Daniel Reinhardt, Boris Müller, Ulrich C Smolenski, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius
Objective: Considering the heterogeneity of the symptoms shown by patients suffering from chronic tinnitus, there are surprisingly few interdisciplinary treatments available, and mostly available only for inpatients. In order to provide an interdisciplinary treatment, we developed a day care concept in which each patient was treated by an ENT doctor, a cognitive behavioral therapist, a specialist for medical rehabilitation and an audiologist (Jena Interdisciplinary Treatment for Tinnitus, JITT). The aim of this study was to observe the changes of tinnitus related distress due to interdisciplinary day care treatment and to determine which factors mediate this change...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670263/tone-burst-electrocochleography-for-the-diagnosis-of-clinically-certain-meniere-s-disease
#14
REVIEW
Jeremy Hornibrook
The technique of transtympanic electrocochleography was initially developed as an objective hearing threshold test by Eggermont. Gibson et al. (1977) claimed that an enlarged direct current component of the action potential (AP) called the summating potential (SP) is an indication of endolymphatic hydrops, later confirmed by Coates who proposed an SP/AP ratio measure. This led to numerous publications using diagnostic ratios of 0.33-0.35. The insensitivity led to an eventual disenchantment with the test as a reliable objective test for Meniere's disease...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643531/difficult-conversations-talking-about-cost-in-audiology-consultations-with-older-adults
#15
Katie Ekberg, Caitlin Barr, Louise Hickson
OBJECTIVE: Financial cost is a barrier for many older adults in their decision to obtain hearing aids (HAs). This study aimed to examine conversations about the cost of HAs in detail within initial audiology appointments. DESIGN: Sixty-two initial audiology appointments were video-recorded. The data were analysed using conversation analysis. STUDY SAMPLE: Participants included 26 audiologists, 62 older adults and 17 companions. RESULTS: Audiologists and clients displayed interactional difficulty during conversations about cost...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635503/practical-guidelines-to-minimise-language-and-cognitive-confounds-in-the-diagnosis-of-capd-a-brief-tutorial
#16
Gail D Chermak, Doris-Eva Bamiou, Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Frank E Musiek
OBJECTIVE: To provide audiologists with strategies to minimise confounding cognitive and language processing variables and accurately diagnose central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). DESIGN: Tutorial. STUDY SAMPLE: None. RESULTS: Strategies are reviewed to minimise confounding cognitive and language processing variables and accurately diagnose CAPD. CONCLUSIONS: Differential diagnosis is exceedingly important and can be quite challenging...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630884/evaluation-of-a-high-resolution-patient-specific-model-of-the-electrically-stimulated-cochlea
#17
Ahmet Cakir, Robert T Dwyer, Jack H Noble
Cochlear implants (CIs) are surgically implanted medical devices used to treat individuals with severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss. Although these devices have been remarkably successful at restoring audibility, many patients experience poor outcomes. Our group has developed the first image-guided CI programming technique where the electrode positions are found in CT images and used to estimate neural activation patterns, which is unique information that audiologists can use to define patient-specific processor settings...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590899/the-potential-in-preparing-community-health-workers-to-address-hearing-loss
#18
Daisey Sánchez, Stephanie Adamovich, Maia Ingram, Frances P Harris, Jill de Zapien, Adriana Sánchez, Sonia Colina, Nicole Marrone
BACKGROUND: In underserved areas, it is crucial to investigate ways of increasing access to hearing health care. The community health worker (CHW) is a model that has been applied to increase access in various health arenas. This article proposes further investigation into the application of this model to audiology. PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of training CHWs about hearing loss as a possible approach to increase accessibility of hearing health support services in an underserved area...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590895/a-qualitative-case-study-of-smartphone-connected-hearing-aids-influences-on-patients-clinicians-and-patient-clinician-interactions
#19
Stella L Ng, Shanon Phelan, MaryAnn Leonard, Jason Galster
BACKGROUND: Innovations in hearing aid technology influence clinicians and individuals who use hearing aids. Little research, to date, explains the innovation adoption experiences and perspectives of clinicians and patients, which matter to a field like audiology, wherein technology innovation is constant. By understanding clinician and patient experiences with such innovations, the field of audiology may develop technologies and ways of practicing in a manner more responsive to patients' needs, and attentive to society's influence...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583495/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-among-haart-treated-children-in-the-horn-of-africa
#20
Alden F Smith, David C Ianacone, Robbert J H Ensink, Abebe Melaku, Margaretha L Casselbrant, Glenn Isaacson
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of hearing loss (HL) in children infected with HIV/AIDS is not well studied. Even fewer studies focus on stable HIV-infected children treated with high-effective antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We aim to compare the prevalence of ear disease and HL in HAART-treated, HIV + children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with a well, similarly-aged elementary school population with unknown HIV status (HIVU). METHODS: Children underwent standard head and neck examination and cerumen removal by board certified otolaryngologists...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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