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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334277/validation-of-dpoae-screening-conducted-by-village-health-workers-in-a-rural-community-with-real-time-click-evoked-tele-auditory-brainstem-response
#1
Vidya Ramkumar, C S Vanaja, James W Hall, K Selvakumar, Roopa Nagarajan
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the validity of DPOAE screening conducted by village health workers (VHWs) in a rural community. Real-time click evoked tele-auditory brainstem response (tele-ABR) was used as the gold standard to establish validity. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was utilised to compare the results of screening by VHWs to those obtained via tele-ABR. Study samples: One hundred and nineteen subjects (0 to 5 years) were selected randomly from a sample of 2880 infants and young children who received DPOAE screening by VHWs...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327687/effect-of-speechreading-in-presbycusis-do-we-have-a-third-ear
#2
Luis Roque Reis, Pedro Escada
INTRODUCTION: Evidence regarding the effect of speechreading is lacking in age-related hearing loss (presbycusis). Thus, in individuals with presbycusis, this study determined whether speechreading would improve word intelligibility. Moreover, the study investigated the effect of speechreading on word intelligibility depending on hearing impairment severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical, cross-sectional study involved two groups of individuals aged > 65 years that were enrolled by convenience sampling: 29 individuals with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss compatible with presbycusis (n=58 ears; mean age, 74...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321124/hearing-tests-based-on-biologically-calibrated-mobile-devices-comparison-with-pure-tone-audiometry
#3
Marcin Masalski, Tomasz Grysiński, Tomasz Kręcicki
BACKGROUND: Hearing screening tests based on pure-tone audiometry may be conducted on mobile devices, provided that the devices are specially calibrated for the purpose. Calibration consists of determining the reference sound level and can be performed in relation to the hearing threshold of normal-hearing persons. In the case of devices provided by the manufacturer, together with bundled headphones, the reference sound level can be calculated once for all devices of the same model. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the hearing threshold measured by a mobile device that was calibrated using a model-specific, biologically determined reference sound level with the hearing threshold obtained in pure-tone audiometry...
January 10, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289077/evaluating-hearing-aid-amplification-using-idiosyncratic-consonant-errors
#4
Ali Abavisani, Jont B Allen
The goal of this study is to provide a metric for evaluating a given hearing-aid insertion gain using a consonant recognition based measure. The basic question addressed is how treatment impacts phone recognition at the token level, relative to a flat insertion gain, at the most-comfortable-level (MCL). These tests are directed at fine-tuning a treatment, with the ultimate goal of improving speech perception, and to identify when a hearing level gain-based treatment degrades phone recognition. Eight subjects with hearing loss were tested under two conditions: flat-gain and a treatment insertion gain, based on subject's hearing level...
December 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276851/clinical-trials-ototoxicity-grading-scales-and-the-audiologist-s-role-in-therapeutic-decision-making
#5
Kelly A King, Carmen C Brewer
OBJECTIVES: Define clinical trials and adverse event (AE) monitoring from the perspective of the audiologist. Rationalise the importance of audiology's involvement before, during and after monitoring. Identify strengths and weaknesses in toxicity grading scales, and discuss factors that may influence these. DESIGN: Literature involving commonly cited grading scales used to capture ototoxicity is reviewed. Current regulations and language associated with clinical trial implementation and AE monitoring are described...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276601/delayed-diagnosis-of-a-patient-with-usher-syndrome-1c-in-a-louisiana-acadian-family-highlights-the-necessity-of-timely-genetic-testing-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-congenital-hearing-loss
#6
Ayesha Umrigar, Amanda Musso, Danielle Mercer, Annette Hurley, Cassondra Glausier, Mona Bakeer, Michael Marble, Chindo Hicks, Fern Tsien
Advances in sequencing technologies and increased understanding of the contribution of genetics to congenital sensorineural hearing loss have led to vastly improved outcomes for patients and their families. Next-generation sequencing and diagnostic panels have become increasingly reliable and less expensive for clinical use. Despite these developments, the diagnosis of genetic sensorineural hearing loss still presents challenges for healthcare providers. Inherited sensorineural hearing loss has high levels of genetic heterogeneity and variable expressivity...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250568/selecting-electrode-configurations-for-image-guided-cochlear-implant-programming-using-template-matching
#7
Dongqing Zhang, Yiyuan Zhao, Jack H Noble, Benoit M Dawant
Cochlear implants (CIs) are neural prostheses that restore hearing using an electrode array implanted in the cochlea. After implantation, the CI processor is programmed by an audiologist. One factor that negatively impacts outcomes and can be addressed by programming is cross-electrode neural stimulation overlap (NSO). We have proposed a system to assist the audiologist in programming the CI that we call image-guided CI programming (IGCIP). IGCIP permits using CT images to detect NSO and recommend deactivation of a subset of electrodes to avoid NSO...
April 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250565/localizing-landmark-sets-in-head-cts-using-random-forests-and-a-heuristic-search-algorithm-for-registration-initialization
#8
Dongqing Zhang, Yuan Liu, Jack H Noble, Benoit M Dawant
Cochlear implants (CIs) use electrode arrays that are surgically inserted into the cochlea to stimulate frequency-mapped nerve endings to treat patients with hearing loss. CIs are programmed postoperatively by audiologists using behavioral tests without information on electrode-cochlea spatial relationship. We have recently developed techniques to segment the intracochlear anatomy and to localize individual contacts in clinically acquired computed tomography (CT) images. Using this information, we have proposed a programming strategy that we call image-guided CI programming (IGCIP), and we have shown that it significantly improves outcomes for both adult and pediatric recipients...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238452/letter-to-the-editor-licensure-portability-for-occupational-audiologists-is-essential
#9
George R Cook
Occupational audiologists have a crisis in their profession and need advocates. These audiologists are primarily responsible for industrial hearing conservation programs and their compliance with multiple regulations, such as Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and the Federal Railroad Administration. Occupational hearing programs, for the most part, are multi-state programs as companies and corporations are national organizations. Also, companies may contract services across state lines as local services may not be desired or available...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238451/a-survey-of-telepractice-in-speech-language-pathology-and-audiology-in-india
#10
Haritha S Mohan, Ayesha Anjum, Prema K S Rao
Telepractice has emerged as a form of service delivery to assess and treat individuals with communication disorders. The present study surveyed speech-language pathologists and audiologists in India about the use of telepractice. Two hundred and five (N=205) speech-language pathologists and audiologists responded to a questionnaire, with 12.19% reporting their use of telepractice to deliver clinical services. Respondents also indicated an urgent shortage of professionals in India to deliver clinical services in speech-language pathology and audiology, and opined that these needs can be met via the use of telepractice...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228931/research-protocol-cisplatin-associated-ototoxicity-amongst-patients-receiving-cancer-chemotherapy-and-the-feasibility-of-an-audiological-monitoring-program
#11
J Paken, C D Govender, V Sewram
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin is an anti-cancer chemotherapy drug classified as an alkylating agent. It is used for the treatment of a variety of cancers such as cervical, breast, stomach, prostate, bladder and oesophageal, to name a few. However due to its expansive toxicity profile, patients receiving cisplatin can experience high frequency hearing loss, a side effect known as ototoxicity. The dearth of information on the extent and severity of cisplatin-associated ototoxicity in South Africa prevents the implementation of a context-specific audiological monitoring programme...
December 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227445/mobile-hearing-testing-applications-and-the-diagnosis-of-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-cautionary-tale
#12
Rosh K V Sethi, Iman Ghanad, Vivek Kanumuri, Barbara Herrmann, Elliott D Kozin, Aaron K Remenschneider
OBJECTIVE: Mobile hearing applications (apps) are available for hearing testing, personal sound amplification, as well as hearing aid modulation. Hearing testing apps are gaining popularity, especially in resource-limited settings. The reliability of mobile hearing testing apps, however, is not well characterized. PATIENTS/INTERVENTIONS: A case study of a single patient with a complaint of sudden hearing loss presenting to a tertiary-care hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Comparison of a mobile hearing testing app results with standard audiogram...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214904/noise-induced-hearing-loss-what-south-african-mine-workers-know
#13
Amisha Kanji, Katijah Khoza-Shangase, Liepollo Ntlhakana
PURPOSE: The current study aimed to investigate the knowledge of mine workers regarding noise induced hearing loss in the South African gold and non-ferrous mining subsectors. METHOD: A descriptive research design was adopted. Semi-structured interviews were conducted on 90 participants who comprised managers, supervisors and miners. Data was analysed qualitatively. RESULTS: The majority of participants (97%) acknowledged working in a noisy environment and demonstrated knowledge of the consequences of this exposure on their hearing function...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209699/the-first-step-to-early-intervention-following-diagnosis-communication-in-pediatric-hearing-aid-orientation-sessions
#14
Jennifer Watermeyer, Amisha Kanji, Safiyyah Sarvan
Purpose: This preliminary study aimed to explore communication processes and information exchange in pediatric hearing aid orientation (HAO) sessions. Effective information exchange in such sessions is crucial to support appropriate hearing aid use. Method: Using a qualitative sociolinguistic framework, we recorded and analyzed 5 HAO sessions between 2 audiologists and 5 caregivers of children who had just been fitted with hearing aids. We also conducted semistructured interviews with the audiologists and caregivers and analyzed these using content analysis...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205100/role-of-cortical-auditory-evoked-potentials-in-reducing-the-age-at-hearing-aid-fitting-in-children-with-hearing-loss-identified-by-newborn-hearing-screening
#15
Kinjal Mehta, Peter Watkin, Margaret Baldwin, Josephine Marriage, Merle Mahon, Deborah Vickers
Recording of free-field cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP) responses to speech tokens was introduced into the audiology management for infants with a permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) during 2011-2015 at a U.K. service. Children with bilateral PCHI were studied from two sequential cohorts. Thirty-four children had followed an audiology pathway prior to CAEP introduction, and 44 children followed a pathway after the introduction of CAEP and were tested with unaided and aided CAEP responses...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192525/caring-for-musicians-ears-insights-from-audiologists-and-manufacturers-reveal-need-for-evidence-based-guidelines
#16
Siobhan McGinnity, Elizabeth Francis Beach, Johannes Mulder, Robert Cowan
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated clinical care delivered to musicians in Australia by audiologists and manufacturers of musicians' hearing protectors (MHP). DESIGN: Audiologists with experience treating musicians were invited to complete a survey on their service delivery. A second survey was administered to manufacturers of MHPs. STUDY SAMPLE: Four manufacturers of MHP and 31 audiologists completed the surveys. Post hoc analyses were performed comparing the responses of audiologists with more versus less clinical experience; and those with and without musical training...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173711/otitis-media-beyond-the-examining-room
#17
REVIEW
Deborah R Welling, Carol A Ukstins
The management of hearing loss associated with otitis media is multifaceted. Clinical practice guidelines set the collaborative prescriptive standards for the medical management of otitis media in children. Treatment of this condition does not end with the medical practitioner. There are far-reaching effects of otitis media and its sequelae that permeate every aspect of patients' lives including physiological, educational, and psychosocial. Therefore, a comprehensive interprofessional treatment plan must be designed taking into consideration best practices from a range of professions to maximize clinical outcomes, including the treating physician, speech-language pathologist, clinical audiologist, educational audiologist, and professionals in the educational setting...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167904/prevalence-characteristics-and-treatment-patterns-of-hearing-difficulty-in-the-united-states
#18
Hossein Mahboubi, Harrison W Lin, Neil Bhattacharyya
Importance: Hearing loss is one of the most prevalent chronic conditions in the United States and has been associated with negative physical, social, cognitive, economic, and emotional consequences. Despite the high prevalence of hearing loss, substantial gaps in the utilization of amplification options, including hearing aids and cochlear implants (CI), have been identified. Objective: To investigate the contemporary prevalence, characteristics, and patterns of specialty referral, evaluation, and treatment of hearing difficulty among adults in the United States...
November 22, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159795/impact-of-chemotherapy-induced-neurotoxicities-on-adult-cancer-survivors-symptom-burden-and-quality-of-life
#19
Christine Miaskowski, Judy Mastick, Steven M Paul, Gary Abrams, Steven Cheung, Jennifer Henderson Sabes, Kord M Kober, Mark Schumacher, Yvette P Conley, Kimberly Topp, Betty Smoot, Grace Mausisa, Melissa Mazor, Margaret Wallhagen, Jon D Levine
PURPOSE: Limited information is available on the impact of chemotherapy (CTX)-induced neurotoxicity on adult survivors' symptom experience and quality of life (QOL). Purposes were to describe occurrence of hearing loss and tinnitus and evaluate for differences in phenotypic characteristics and measures of sensation, balance, perceived stress, symptom burden, and QOL between survivors who received neurotoxic CTX and did (i.e., neurotoxicity group) and did not (i.e., no neurotoxicity group) develop neurotoxicity...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130443/unraveling-the-mystery-of-auditory-brainstem-response-corrections-the-need-for-universal-standards
#20
REVIEW
Linda W Norrix, David Velenovsky
BACKGROUND: The auditory brainstem response (ABR) is used to estimate behavioral hearing thresholds in infants and difficult-to-test populations. Differences between the toneburst ABR and behavioral thresholds exist making the correspondence between the two measures less than perfect. Some authors have suggested that corrections be applied to ABR thresholds to account for these differences. However, because there is no agreed upon universal standard, confusion regarding the use of corrections exists...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
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