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Colleen G Le Prell, Odile Clavier
Speech communication often takes place in noisy environments; this is an urgent issue for military personnel who must communicate in high-noise environments. The effects of noise on speech recognition vary significantly according to the sources of noise, the number and types of talkers, and the listener's hearing ability. In this review, speech communication is first described as it relates to current standards of hearing assessment for military and civilian populations. The next section categorizes types of noise (also called maskers) according to their temporal characteristics (steady or fluctuating) and perceptive effects (energetic or informational masking)...
October 12, 2016: Hearing Research
Farzad Faraji-Khiavi, Rezvan Dashti, Seyyed-Jalal Sameni, Arash Bayat
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is one of the most disabling impairments. Using a hearing aid as an attempt to improve the hearing problem can positively affect the quality of life for these people. This research was aimed to assess satisfaction of hearing impaired patients with their hearing aids regarding the employed technology and style. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-analytic cross-sectional research was conducted on 187 subjects with hearing loss who were using a hearing aid...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Randall A Bly, Amit D Bhrany, Craig S Murakami, Kathleen C Y Sie
Microtia reconstruction is a challenging endeavor that has seen significant technique evolution. It is important to educate patients and their families to determine the best hearing rehabilitation and ear reconstructive options. Microtia is often associated with aural atresia, hearing loss, and craniofacial syndromes. Optimal care is provided by multiple disciplines, including a reconstructive surgeon, an otologic surgeon, an audiologist, and a craniofacial pediatrician. Microtia management includes observation, prosthetic ear, autologous cartilage reconstruction, or alloplastic implant placement...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Andoret van Wyk, Carina A Eksteen, Piet J Becker, Barbara M Heinze
INTRODUCTION: Visual impairment, specifically eye movement disorders and vestibular dysfunction may have a negative influence on the functional recovery in post-stroke patients. This type of sensory dysfunction may further be associated with poor functional outcome in patients' post-stroke. METHODS: In phase 1, a cross-sectional survey (n = 100) will be conducted to determine the prevalence of eye movement disorders and vestibular dysfunction in patients who sustained a stroke...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
Fiona Barker, Simon de Lusignan, Deborah Cooke
BACKGROUND: The consequences of poorly managed hearing loss can be ameliorated with hearing aid use but rates of use are sub-optimal. The impact of audiologist behaviour on subsequent use, particularly over the long term, is unknown. PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe the role of the behaviour change wheel in developing an intervention to introduce and embed particular clinical behaviours into adult hearing aid fitting consultations, within the framework of the Medical Research Council guidance on complex interventions...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Christopher G Brennan-Jones, Robert H Eikelboom, Rebecca J Bennett, Karina Fm Tao, De Wet Swanepoel
INTRODUCTION: Remote interpretation of automated audiometry offers the potential to enable asynchronous tele-audiology assessment and diagnosis in areas where synchronous tele-audiometry may not be possible or practical. The aim of this study was to compare remote interpretation of manual and automated audiometry. METHODS: Five audiologists each interpreted manual and automated audiograms obtained from 42 patients. The main outcome variable was the audiologist's recommendation for patient management (which included treatment recommendations, referral or discharge) between the manual and automated audiometry test...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Gungu Kim, Gibbeum Kim, Wondo Na, Woojae Han
This brief communication introduced a systematic way to find a professional audiology clinic developed for patients and professionals by the American Academy of Audiology, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, and Healthy Hearing. Patients can access each organization's website to find professionals and/or clinics based on criteria such as location, hours, special areas, types of service, reviews and rating by previous patients, and kinds of insurance accepted. Such a system may protect the patients from information overload, guarantee accurate information, and help them find themselves professional audiologists who can assist them...
September 2016: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Vidya Ramkumar, K Selvakumar, C S Vanaja, James W Hall, Roopa Nagarajan, J Neethi
INTRODUCTION: Tele-diagnostic audiological testing in a hearing screening program for infants and young children is a novel practice, and this study is the first to explore its application in a rural community. It is important to understand parental perceptions and confidence when introducing a new process such as tele-audiological diagnostic testing in rural areas. METHOD: A questionnaire with 17 rater-administered items was designed to elicit comments concerning the quality of tele-hearing testing and video-conferencing, access to tele-hearing testing, and parents' attitudes regarding tele-hearing testing in the village...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Simone Punch, Bram Van Dun, Alison King, Lyndal Carter, Wendy Pearce
This article presents the clinical protocol that is currently being used within Australian Hearing for infant hearing aid evaluation using cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs). CAEP testing is performed in the free field at two stimulus levels (65 dB sound pressure level [SPL], followed by 55 or 75 dB SPL) using three brief frequency-distinct speech sounds /m/, /ɡ/, and /t/, within a standard audiological appointment of up to 90 minutes. CAEP results are used to check or guide modifications of hearing aid fittings or to confirm unaided hearing capability...
February 2016: Seminars in Hearing
Eveling Rojas-Roncancio, Richard Tyler, Hyung-Jin Jun, Tang-Chuan Wang, Haihong Ji, Claudia Coelho, Shelley Witt, Marlan R Hansen, Bruce J Gantz
BACKGROUND: Several tinnitus sufferers suggest that manganese has been helpful with their tinnitus. PURPOSE: We tested this in a controlled experiment where participants were committed to taking manganese and Lipoflavonoid Plus(®) to treat their tinnitus. RESEARCH DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. STUDY SAMPLE: 40 participants were randomized to receive both manganese and Lipoflavonoid Plus(®) for 6 months, or Lipoflavonoid Plus(®) only (as the control)...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Piers Dawes, Kevin J Munro
OBJECTIVE: It is widely recognized by hearing aid users and audiologists that a period of auditory acclimatization and adjustment is needed for new users to become accustomed to their devices. The aim of the present study was to test the idea that auditory acclimatization and adjustment to hearing aids involves a process of learning to "tune out" newly audible but undesirable sounds, which are described by new hearing aid users as annoying and distracting. It was hypothesized that (1) speech recognition thresholds in noise would improve over time for new hearing aid users, (2) distractibility to noise would reduce over time for new hearing aid users, (3) there would be a correlation between improved speech recognition in noise and reduced distractibility to background sounds, (4) improvements in speech recognition and distraction would be accompanied by self-report of reduced annoyance, and (5) improvements in speech recognition and distraction would be associated with higher general cognitive ability and more hearing aid use...
August 25, 2016: Ear and Hearing
Ellen R Cohn, Jana Cason
The Spring 2016 issue of the International Journal of Telerehabilitation (IJT) presents original and innovative work in three diverse sections: usability, intervention, and pedagogy, followed by a book review on teleaudiology. The contributors to this issue are notably multi-disciplinary and include an audiologist, computer scientists, engineers, an epidemiologist, occupational therapists, a rehabilitation counselor, a physician (physical medicine and rehabilitation), and speechlanguage pathologists. The common thread linking the Journal's authors and their manuscripts, is excellence in telerehabilitation related innovation...
2016: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
Katie Ekberg, Louise Hickson, Caitlin Grenness
BACKGROUND: Conversational breakdowns are a persistent concern for older adults with hearing impairment (HI). Previous studies in experimental settings have investigated potential causes of breakdowns in conversations with a person with HI, and effective strategies for repairing these breakdowns. However, little research has explored the causes of hearing-related communication breakdowns, and their repairs, in extended, naturally occurring conversations in a healthcare setting. AIMS: To analyse systematically instances of clients' initiations of repair within video-recorded initial audiology appointments, and to examine the interactional environment in which they occurred...
August 25, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Peter M Vila, Judith E C Lieu, Timothy E Hullar, Craig A Buchman
The study objective was to develop quality measures for adult cochlear implant centers. A modified Delphi design beginning with focus groups of surgeons and audiologists was used, as adapted from the American College of Cardiology / American Heart Association method for creating quality measures. Two academic cochlear implant programs and 1 private program participated. Qualitative focus group analysis yielded 58 candidate measures. An additional 5 candidate measures were added from a systematic review of the literature...
August 23, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Dean M Thompson, Deborah A Hall, Dawn-Marie Walker, Derek J Hoare
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is associated with depression and anxiety disorders, severely and adversely affecting the quality of life and functional health status for some people. With the dearth of clinical psychologists embedded in audiology services and the cessation of training for hearing therapists in the UK, it is left to audiologists to meet the psychological needs of many patients with tinnitus. However, there is no universally standardized training or manualized intervention specifically for audiologists across the whole UK public healthcare system and similar systems elsewhere across the world...
August 18, 2016: Ear and Hearing
Stephanie Sjoblad, Debbie Abel
The hearing aid delivery landscape has dramatically changed over the past several years, with a commercial payer, the Internet, and big box stores dispensing hearing aids directly to patients. The audiology community needs to modify the bundled billing model. This session will describe how to optimize the services you provide to current and new patients and change the hearing aid delivery and hearing aid pricing model to remain competitive with these new market trends. This activity will educate participants on itemized billing, sometimes referred to as unbundling, its pros and cons, and how it could aid audiologists in differentiating themselves in the hearing aid delivery landscape...
May 2016: Seminars in Hearing
Zahir Mughal, Vijay Thirunavukarasu, Adnan Darr, Mudit Jindal
BACKGROUND: Grommet insertion is a common procedure in children. A lengthy otolaryngology follow-up can have an adverse impact on clinic waiting times, new patient appointment availability, and pecuniary disadvantage for the hospital. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: To consolidate research and opinion concerning follow-up care following grommet insertion in a pediatric population. SEARCH STRATEGY: The literature between January 1990 and September 2015 was searched on MEDLINE (Ovid), Google Scholar, PubMed and Web of Science databases...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Kris English, Emily Pajevic
In 2007, the World Health Organization published a set of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) codes designed for children and youth (ICF-CY version). The ICF-CY considers typical developmental changes associated with childhood while describing health status and the effects of intervention. In this article we will describe how a specific intervention (transition planning for adolescents) can be documented with the ICF-CY. Transition planning in health care prepares adolescents and their families for the transfer from pediatric to adult health services and has been demonstrated to be an effective practice for adolescents with many types of chronic health conditions (e...
August 2016: Seminars in Hearing
Kathy R Vander Werff
This article reviews the auditory consequences of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) within the context of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Because of growing awareness of mTBI as a public health concern and the diverse and heterogeneous nature of the individual consequences, it is important to provide audiologists and other health care providers with a better understanding of potential implications in the assessment of levels of function and disability for individual interdisciplinary remediation planning...
August 2016: Seminars in Hearing
Christopher Lind, Carly Meyer, Jessica Young
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) has been applied widely in the literature to describe and differentiate the broad implications of hearing impairment (HI) and cognitive impairment (CI) on communication. As CI and HI are largely age-related conditions, the likelihood of comorbidity of these conditions is high. In the context of an aging population, the prevalence of comorbidity is likely to rise, yet much of the clinical assessment and intervention in HI and CI occur separately...
August 2016: Seminars in Hearing
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