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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130443/unraveling-the-mystery-of-auditory-brainstem-response-corrections-the-need-for-universal-standards
#1
REVIEW
Linda W Norrix, David Velenovsky
BACKGROUND: The auditory brainstem response (ABR) is used to estimate behavioral hearing thresholds in infants and difficult-to-test populations. Differences between the toneburst ABR and behavioral thresholds exist making the correspondence between the two measures less than perfect. Some authors have suggested that corrections be applied to ABR thresholds to account for these differences. However, because there is no agreed upon universal standard, confusion regarding the use of corrections exists...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130438/segmental-and-suprasegmental-perception-in-children-using-hearing-aids
#2
Kaitlyn A Wenrich, Lisa S Davidson, Rosalie M Uchanski
BACKGROUND: Suprasegmental perception (perception of stress, intonation, "how something is said" and "who says it") and segmental speech perception (perception of individual phonemes or perception of "what is said") are perceptual abilities that provide the foundation for the development of spoken language and effective communication. While there are numerous studies examining segmental perception in children with hearing aids (HAs), there are far fewer studies examining suprasegmental perception, especially for children with greater degrees of residual hearing...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130437/remote-hearing-aid-support-the-next-frontier
#3
Gina P Angley, Jean Anne Schnittker, Anne Marie Tharpe
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce health-care disparities, there has been a recent surge of interest in the remote provision of care. Audiologists have begun to provide screening, diagnostic, and rehabilitative services via telehealth technologies. PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and perceived benefits of providing remote hearing aid follow-up appointments in a controlled clinical environment and in participants' homes. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive quasi-experimental study was completed...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130436/hearing-technology-use-and-management-in-school-age-children-reports-from-data-logs-parents-and-teachers
#4
Samantha J Gustafson, Todd A Ricketts, Anne Marie Tharpe
BACKGROUND: Consistency of hearing aid and remote microphone system use declines as school-age children with hearing loss age. One indicator of hearing aid use time is data logging, another is parent report. Recent data suggest that parents overestimate their children's hearing aid use time relative to data logging. The potential reasons for this disparity remain unclear. Because school-age children spend the majority of their day away from their parents and with their teachers, reports from teachers might serve as a valuable and additional tool for estimating hearing aid use time and management...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114194/audiology-and-speech-language-pathology-practice-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Ahmad A Alanazi
Objectives: Audiology and speech-language pathology (SLP) are relatively new professions in Saudi Arabia. The idea of establishing new audiology and SLP programs in some education facilities has become popular across Saudi Arabia; yet, only four undergraduate and graduate programs are currently available. This study aimed to explore the fields of audiology and SLP in Saudi Arabia, obtain demography of audiologists and Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), understand their current practices, and identify their perspective on what both professions need to improve...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095725/audiologist-guided-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-adults-with-tinnitus-in-the-united-kingdom-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Eldré W Beukes, David M Baguley, Peter M Allen, Vinaya Manchaiah, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVES: Specialist tinnitus services are in high demand as a result of the negative effect tinnitus may have on quality of life. Additional clinically and cost-effective tinnitus management routes are needed. One potential route is providing Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for tinnitus via the Internet (iCBT). This study aimed to determine the efficacy of guided iCBT, using audiological support, on tinnitus distress and tinnitus-related comorbidities, in the United Kingdom. A further aim was to establish the stability of intervention effects 2-months postintervention...
November 1, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081305/survey-of-otolaryngology-services-in-ukraine-and-neighbouring-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#7
M M Verkerk, R Wagner, R Fishchuk, J J Fagan
OBJECTIVE: The present humanitarian crisis in Ukraine is putting strains on its healthcare system. This study aimed to assess services and training in otolaryngology, audiology and speech therapy in Ukraine and its geographical neighbours. METHOD: Survey study of 327 otolaryngologists from 19 countries. RESULTS: Fifty-six otolaryngologists (17 per cent) from 15 countries responded. Numbers of otolaryngologists varied from 3.6 to 12.3 per 100 000 population (Ukraine = 7...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081257/assessing-hearing-loss-self-management-in-older-adults
#8
Elizabeth Convery, Carly Meyer, Gitte Keidser, Louise Hickson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the capacity of a self-management assessment tool to identify unmet hearing health care (HHC) needs; to determine whether such an assessment yields novel and clinically useful information. DESIGN: Hearing loss self-management (HLSM) was assessed with the Partners in Health scale and the Cue and Response interview from the Flinders Chronic Condition Management Program™. The results of the scale and the interview were compared to determine the extent to which they each contributed to the assessment of HLSM...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049620/diagnosing-and-screening-in-a-minority-language-a-validation-study
#9
Melanie A Zokoll, Kirsten C Wagener, Birger Kollmeier
Purpose: The Turkish Digit Triplet Test for hearing self-screening purposes and the Turkish Matrix Test (TURMatrix) for follow-up hearing diagnostics offer an automated closed-set response format where patients respond by choosing from response alternatives. Their applicability for testing Turkish-speaking patients in their native language by German audiologists with different Turkish language skills was investigated. Method: Tests were composed of spoken numbers (Turkish Digit Triplet Test) or sentences (TURMatrix)...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041791/public-awareness-of-audiology-hearing-and-hearing-health-in-the-limpopo-province-south-africa
#10
Karin Joubert, Ben Sebothoma, Khomotjo S Kgare
BACKGROUND: The burden of hearing loss is on the increase, especially in low-income countries such as South Africa. The need for urgent action to prevent ear and hearing problems is a priority, especially as in many cases permanent hearing loss is preventable. In South Africa, as in other developing countries, there is a limited number of hearing health professionals and audiological resources. The lack of hearing health services may impact the general public's awareness of hearing and hearing health...
September 28, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038719/phenomenological-needs-assessment-of-parents-of-children-with-cochlear-implants
#11
Firoozeh Mostafavi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Mohammad Majid Oryadi-Zanjani, Gholamreza Sharifi Rad, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Leila Ravanyar
BACKGROUND: The use of cochlear implants has been a remarkable success in reducing disabilities in those with impaired hearing, which have made a significant change in the patients' quality of life. Only by relying on cochlear implants, disabilities cannot be eliminated in the hearing impaired, and, alongside this intervention, rehabilitation practices such as through family and community support are necessary. AIM: To explain the needs of parents of children with cochlear implants to increase the quality of rehabilitation services and family-based interventions...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026790/the-prevalence-of-hearing-impairment-by-age-and-gender-in-a-population-based-study
#12
Alimohamad Asghari, Mohammad Farhadi, Ahmad Daneshi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Saman Mohazzab-Torabi, Maryam Jalessi, Hesamedin Emamjomeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hearing impairment (HI) by age and gender in a population aged 5 yr and older residing in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 140 clusters each including 10 households from Tehran, Iran were sampled between 2012 and 2013 using cluster random sampling. Trained audiologists examined the participants during face-to-face interviews. The hearing of the participants was evaluated before the removal of wax or other foreign bodies...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990797/competing-agendas-and-other-tensions-in-developing-patient-centred-communication-in-audiology-education-a-qualitative-study-of-educator-perspectives
#13
Samantha Tai, Caitlin Barr, Robyn Woodward-Kron
OBJECTIVE: Patient-centred communication (PCC) is an essential skill for effective healthcare provision and is accepted as a core competency in medicine and allied health. In audiology, recent studies have shown that audiologists rarely display PCC in adult hearing interactions. This highlights a need to investigate how PCC is taught and learnt in audiology. There is a paucity of studies on PCC in audiology education. The aim of this study is to examine educator perceptions of teaching PCC, including barriers and facilitators, in Australian graduate audiology programmes...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979071/risk-versus-benefit-who-assesses-this-in-the-management-of-patients-on-ototoxic-drugs
#14
REVIEW
Katijah Khoza-Shangase
The current paper is an attempt at highlighting important strategic indicators, as well as important variables, that the audiology community needs to consider in order to play a more central role in pharmaco-vigilance as part of pharmaco-audiology. Pharmaco-vigilance is an important aspect of pharmacological treatment of disease. In developing countries, where burden of disease is high with resource constraints dictating healthcare priorities; it is important to deliberate on risk/benefit of medications prescribed to treat disease...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954873/chronic-auditory-toxicity-in-late-preterm-and-term-infants-with-significant-hyperbilirubinemia
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sanjiv B Amin, Satish Saluja, Arvind Saili, Mark Orlando, Hongyue Wang, Nirupama Laroia, Asha Agarwal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Significant hyperbilirubinemia (SHB) may cause chronic auditory toxicity (auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder and/or sensorineural hearing loss); however, total serum bilirubin (TSB) does not discriminate neonates at risk for auditory toxicity. Our objective was to compare TSB, bilirubin albumin molar ratio (BAMR), and unbound bilirubin (UB) for their association with chronic auditory toxicity in neonates with SHB (TSB ≥20 mg/dL or TSB that met criteria for exchange transfusion)...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953607/patterns-seen-during-electrode-insertion-using-intracochlear-electrocochleography-obtained-directly-through-a-cochlear-implant
#16
Michael S Harris, William J Riggs, Christopher K Giardina, Brendan P O'Connell, Jourdan T Holder, Robert T Dwyer, Kanthaiah Koka, Robert F Labadie, Douglas C Fitzpatrick, Oliver F Adunka
HYPOTHESIS: Intraoperative, intracochlear electrocochleography (ECochG) will provide a means to monitor cochlear hair cell and neural response during cochlear implant (CI) electrode insertion. Distinct patterns in the insertion track can be characterized. BACKGROUND: Conventional CI surgery is performed without a means of actively monitoring cochlear hair cell and neural responses. Intracochlear ECochG obtained directly through the CI may be a source of such feedback...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947504/medical-and-bioethical-considerations-in-elective-cochlear-implant-array-removal
#17
Maryanna S Owoc, Elliott D Kozin, Aaron Remenschneider, Maria J Duarte, Ariel Edward Hight, Marjorie Clay, Susanna E Meyer, Daniel J Lee, Selena Briggs
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear explantation for purely elective (e.g. psychological and emotional) reasons is not well studied. Herein, we aim to provide data and expert commentary about elective cochlear implant (CI) removal that may help to guide clinical decision-making and formulate guidelines related to CI explantation. DATA SOURCES: We address these objectives via three approaches: case report of a patient who desired elective CI removal; review of literature and expert discussion by surgeon, audiologist, bioethicist, CI user and member of Deaf community...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930785/patients-and-clinicians-views-of-the-psychological-components-of-tinnitus-treatment-that-could-inform-audiologists-usual-care-a-delphi-survey
#18
Dean M Thompson, John Taylor, Deborah A Hall, Dawn-Marie Walker, Mary McMurran, Amanda Casey, David Stockdale, Debbie Featherstone, Derek J Hoare
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine which components of psychological therapies are most important and appropriate to inform audiologists' usual care for people with tinnitus. DESIGN: A 39-member panel of patients, audiologists, hearing therapists, and psychologists completed a three-round Delphi survey to reach consensus on essential components of audiologist-delivered psychologically informed care for tinnitus. RESULTS: Consensus (≥80% agreement) was reached on including 76 of 160 components...
September 19, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925991/a-multiscale-imaging-and-modelling-dataset-of-the-human-inner-ear
#19
Nicolas Gerber, Mauricio Reyes, Livia Barazzetti, Hans Martin Kjer, Sergio Vera, Martin Stauber, Pavel Mistrik, Mario Ceresa, Nerea Mangado, Wilhelm Wimmer, Thomas Stark, Rasmus R Paulsen, Stefan Weber, Marco Caversaccio, Miguel A González Ballester
Understanding the human inner ear anatomy and its internal structures is paramount to advance hearing implant technology. While the emergence of imaging devices allowed researchers to improve understanding of intracochlear structures, the difficulties to collect appropriate data has resulted in studies conducted with few samples. To assist the cochlear research community, a large collection of human temporal bone images is being made available. This data descriptor, therefore, describes a rich set of image volumes acquired using cone beam computed tomography and micro-CT modalities, accompanied by manual delineations of the cochlea and sub-compartments, a statistical shape model encoding its anatomical variability, and data for electrode insertion and electrical simulations...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906243/pediatric-hearing-aid-management-challenges-among-hispanic-families
#20
Ana Caballero, Karen Muñoz, Karl White, Lauri Nelson, Melanie Domenech-Rodriguez, Michael Twohig
BACKGROUND: Hearing aid fitting in infancy has become more common in the United States as a result of earlier identification of hearing loss. Consistency of hearing aid use is an area of concern for young children, as well as other hearing aid management challenges parents encounter that may contribute to less-than-optimal speech and language outcomes. Research that describes parent hearing aid management experiences of Spanish-speaking Hispanic families, or the extent of their needs, is not available...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
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