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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048942/comparison-of-2-exercise-rehabilitation-programs-for-multidirectional-instability-of-the-glenohumeral-joint-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Sarah A Warby, Jon J Ford, Andrew J Hahne, Lyn Watson, Simon Balster, Ross Lenssen, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: The recommended initial treatment for multidirectional instability (MDI) of the shoulder is a rehabilitation program, yet there is very low-quality evidence to support this approach. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare the Watson MDI program and Rockwood Instability program among patients with nontraumatic, nonstructural MDI. The hypothesis was that the Watson MDI program would produce clinically and statistically superior outcomes over the Rockwood Instability program...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043566/clinical-evaluation-and-physical-exam-findings-in-patients-with-anterior-shoulder-instability
#2
REVIEW
Vincent A Lizzio, Fabien Meta, Mohsin Fidai, Eric C Makhni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to provide an overview in evaluating the patient with suspected or known anteroinferior glenohumeral instability. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a high rate of recurrent subluxations or dislocations in young patients with history of anterior shoulder dislocation, and recurrent instability will increase likelihood of further damage to the glenohumeral joint. Proper identification and treatment of anterior shoulder instability can dramatically reduce the rate of recurrent dislocation and prevent subsequent complications...
October 17, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038953/current-concepts-in-rehabilitation-for-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#3
REVIEW
Richard Ma, Olubusola A Brimmo, Xinning Li, Lindsey Colbert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objectives of this review are to evaluate the current evidence-based literature and concepts surrounding rehabilitation in patients with anterior shoulder instability injuries and surgical repair. RECENT FINDINGS: The current literature evidence for shoulder rehabilitation for anterior shoulder instability and labral repair is limited. As a result, there are variations among surgeons and physical therapists in rehabilitation protocols after anterior shoulder instability injuries and repair...
October 16, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038951/the-epidemiology-and-natural-history-of-anterior-shoulder-instability
#4
REVIEW
Joseph W Galvin, Justin J Ernat, Brian R Waterman, Monica J Stadecker, Stephen A Parada
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to outline the natural history and best clinical practices for nonoperative management of anterior shoulder instability. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies continue to demonstrate a role for nonoperative treatment in the successful long-term management of anterior glenohumeral instability. The success of different positions of shoulder immobilization is reviewed as well. There are specific patients who may be best treated with nonoperative means after anterior glenohumeral instability...
October 16, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038845/clinical-and-sonographic-evaluation-of-subpectoral-biceps-tenodesis-with-a-dual-suture-anchor-technique-demonstrates-improved-outcomes-and-a-low-failure-rate-at-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#5
Matthijs Jacxsens, Erin K Granger, Robert Z Tashjian
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and integrity of an open subpectoral biceps tenodesis using a dual suture anchor construct. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with at least 2 years of follow-up were retrospectively evaluated for simple shoulder test (SST), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and visual analog scales (VAS) for pain, function and satisfaction. A physical exam assessed shoulder range of motion and elbow strength...
October 16, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035662/treatment-of-medial-shoulder-joint-instability-in-dogs-by-extracapsular-stabilization-with-a-prosthetic-ligament-39-cases-2008-2013
#6
Erica M O'Donnell, Sherman O Canapp, James L Cook, Fred Pike
OBJECTIVE To investigate clinical outcomes for dogs surgically treated for medial shoulder joint instability (MSI) by extracapsular stabilization with a prosthetic ligament. DESIGN Retrospective multicenter case series. ANIMALS 39 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES Medical records of 3 veterinary medical centers were searched to identify dogs with MSI diagnosed by clinical examination and arthroscopic assessment and treated by extracapsular stabilization with a prosthetic ligament. A minimum 6-month follow-up period was required for study inclusion...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033819/an-unusual-presentation-of-pyoderma-gangrenosum-leading-to-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome
#7
Ali Didan, Alan Donnelly, Hock Chua
This is a report of an atypical presentation of pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) in a 26-year-old male who had a negative septic screen. The patient had a life-threatening presentation requiring an intensive care unit (ICU) admission for vasopressor support. It was thought that the likely cause of circulatory collapse was an overwhelming cytokine reaction or systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) secondary to extensive PG lesions rather than septic shock. The patient presented with multiple large ulcers, the largest being 4 cm in diameter on the central chest...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994027/management-of-glenoid-bone-loss-with-anterior-shoulder-instability-indications-and-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Justin Rabinowitz, Richard Friedman, Josef K Eichinger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Glenoid Bone Loss is a commonly encountered problem in anterior shoulder instability. In this article, we review current techniques for diagnosis, indications and management of glenoid bone loss. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple bone grafting techniques are available depending on the glenoid defect size including the coracoid, distal clavicle, iliac crest, and allograft distal tibia. Advancement in imaging methods allows for more accurate quantification of bone loss...
October 9, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994025/applying-the-glenoid-track-concept-in-the-management-of-patients-with-anterior-shoulder-instability
#9
REVIEW
Amit M Momaya, John M Tokish
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the recent evolution in the treatment of anterior shoulder instability and the dynamic interaction between the glenoid and Hill-Sachs lesion. RECENT FINDINGS: Through the glenoid track concept, glenoid- and humeral-sided bone loss are evolving away from being approached as separate entities. Recent cadaveric studies have validated the glenoid track concept. Moreover, a recent clinical study has demonstrated a much higher rate of failure after arthroscopic Bankart repair for shoulders that were off track...
October 9, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988351/management-of-complex-anterior-shoulder-instability-a-case-based-approach
#10
REVIEW
Nathan Olszewski, Michael Gustin, Emily J Curry, Xinning Li
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The goal of this review is to provide a guide on surgical decision-making options for complex anterior shoulder instability using a case-based approach. RECENT FINDINGS: Arthroscopic Bankart repair is well documented for having successful outcomes in patients with isolated labral tear involvement with minimal bone loss. Latarjet is a generally accepted procedure in patients with 20-30% glenoid bone loss. When bone loss exceeds that which cannot be managed through Latarjet, a range of options exist and are highly dependent upon the extent of osseous deficiency on both the glenoid and humeral sides, surgeon experience, and patient-specific factors...
October 7, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987866/kinematic-patterns-in-normal-and-degenerative-shoulders-part-ii-review-of-3-d-scapular-kinematic-patterns-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain-and-clinical-implications
#11
REVIEW
Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Christelle Nguyen, Clemence Palazzo, Frederic Srour, Guillaume Paris, Valerie Vuillemin, Serge Poiraudeau, Agnes Roby-Brami, Alexandra Roren
BACKGROUND: The global range of motion of the arm is the result of a coordinated motion of the shoulder complex including glenohumeral (GH), scapulothoracic, sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints. METHODS: This study is a non-systematic review of kinematic patterns in degenerated shoulders. It is a based on our own research on the kinematics of the shoulder complex and clinical experience. RESULTS: For patients with subacromial impingement syndrome without rotator-cuff tears, most kinematic studies showed a small superior humeral translation relative to the glenoid and decreased scapular lateral rotation and posterior tilt...
October 5, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987528/the-effectiveness-of-the-latarjet-procedure-for-shoulder-instability-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#12
A Ersen, S Bayram, F Birisik, A C Atalar, M Demirhan
INTRODUCTION: Powerful contractions during epileptic seizures may cause shoulder dislocation and instability. The aim of the study is to evaluate the functional and radiographic results of the Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder dislocation in patients with epilepsy and compare the functional results of these patients with the results of patients without epilepsy. HYPOTHESIS: Is latarjet procedure effective in epileptic patients as non-epileptic patients with anterior shoulder instability? MATERIAL AND METHOD: 11 shoulders of 9 patients with epileptic seizures causing anterior shoulder instability were evaluated retrospectively...
October 4, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983764/effect-of-patient-age-on-accuracy-of-primary-mri-signs-of-long-head-of-biceps-tearing-and-instability-in-the-shoulder-an-mri-arthroscopy-correlation-study
#13
Camilo G Borrero, Joanna Costello, Marnie Bertolet, Dharmesh Vyas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of patient age on the accuracy of primary MRI signs of long head of biceps (LHB) tendon tearing and instability in the shoulder using arthroscopy as a reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects with MRI studies and subsequent arthroscopy documenting LHB tendon pathology were identified and organized into three age groups (18-40, 41-60, 61-87). Normal and tendinopathic tendons were labeled grade 0, partial tears grade 1 and full tears grade 2...
October 6, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983224/arthroscopic-treatment-of-osseous-instability-of-the-shoulder
#14
REVIEW
David A Porter, Michael Birns, Sarah J Hobart, Marc Kowalsky, Gregory J Galano
BACKGROUND: Bony deficiency of the anteroinferior glenoid rim as a result of a dislocation can lead to recurrent glenohumeral instability. These lesions, traditionally treated by open techniques, are increasingly being treated arthroscopically as our understanding of the pathophysiology and anatomy of the glenohumeral joint becomes clearer. Different techniques for arthroscopic management have been described and continue to evolve. While the success of the repair is surgeon dependent, the recent advances in arthroscopic shoulder surgery have contributed to the growing acceptance of arthroscopic reconstruction of glenoid bone defects to restore stability...
October 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979919/arthroscopic-stabilization-after-a-first-time-dislocation-collision-versus-contact-athletes
#15
Maximiliano Ranalletta, Luciano A Rossi, Ignacio Alonso Hidalgo, Adrian Sirio, Julieta Puig Dubois, Gastón D Maignon, Santiago L Bongiovanni
BACKGROUND: There is no universally accepted definition of "contact" or "collision" sports in the literature. The few available studies evaluating contact and collision sports consider them to be synonymous. However, athletes in collision sports purposely hit or collide with each other or with inanimate objects with greater force and frequency than in contact sports, which could jeopardize functional outcomes. PURPOSE: To compare the functional outcomes, return to sports, and recurrences in a series of contact and collision athletes with a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation treated using arthroscopic stabilization with suture anchors...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979604/management-of-humeral-defects-in-anterior-shoulder-instability
#16
Maria Valencia Mora, Miguel Ángel Ruiz-Ibán, Jorge Diaz Heredia, Raquel Ruiz Diaz, Ricardo Cuéllar
BACKGROUND: A Hill Sachs lesion is a posterior-superior bony defect of the humeral head caused by a compression of the hard glenoid rim against the soft cancellous bone in the context of an anterior instability episode. The presence of these humeral defects increases with the number of dislocations and larger lesions are associated with a greater chance of development of recurrent instability and recurrence after surgery. Also its location and pattern, in particular the so-called engaging Hill-Sachs, are associated with poor prognosis...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979603/controversies-in-the-surgical-management-of-shoulder-instability-associated-soft-tissue-procedures
#17
Santos Moros Marco, José Luis Ávila Lafuente, Miguel Angel Ruiz Ibán, Jorge Diaz Heredia
BACKGROUND: The glenohumeral joint is a ball-and-socket joint that is inherently unstable and thus, susceptible to dislocation. The traditional and most common anatomic finding is the Bankart lesion (anterior-inferior capsule labral complex avulsion), but there is a wide variety of anatomic alterations that can cause shoulder instability or may be present as a concomitant injury or in combination, including bone loss (glenoid or humeral head), complex capsule-labral tears, rotator cuff tears, Kim´s lesions (injuries to the posterior-inferior labrum) and rotator interval pathology...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979602/the-posterior-unstable-shoulder-natural-history-clinical-evaluation-and-imaging
#18
Jorge Díaz Heredia, Miguel Angel Ruiz Iban, Raquel Ruiz Diaz, Santos Moros Marco, Juan Carlos Gutierrez Hernandez, Maria Valencia
BACKGROUND: There is a low incidence of posterior instability which is present in only 2% to 10% of all unstable shoulders. The posterior instable shoulder includes different manifestations like fixed dislocation, recurrent subluxation or dislocation. METHODS: Research and online content related to posterior instability is reviewed. Natural history, clinical evaluation and imaging are described. RESULTS: An awareness of the disorder, together with a thoughtful evaluation, beginning with the clinical history, usually leads to proper diagnosis...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979601/rehabilitation-for-shoulder-instability-current-approaches
#19
Anju Jaggi, Susan Alexander
BACKGROUND: The shoulder relies predominantly on dynamic muscular control to provide stability. Successful treatment is highly dependent upon the correct clinical diagnosis, identification of anatomical structural defects and abnormal movement patterns so that rehabilitation programs can be designed accordingly and individualised to the patient. METHOD: A systematic outline is provided to guide the clinician on how to identify muscular insufficiencies both local to the shoulder joint and global muscles that can influence shoulder instability...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979600/anatomy-and-biomechanics-of-the-unstable-shoulder
#20
Ricardo Cuéllar, Miguel Angel Ruiz-Ibán, Adrián Cuéllar
PURPOSE: To review the anatomy of the shoulder joint and of the physiology of glenohumeral stability is essential to manage correctly shoulder instability. METHODS: It was reviewed a large number of recently published research studies related to the shoulder instability that received a higher Level of Evidence grade. RESULTS: It is reviewed the bony anatomy, the anatomy and function of the ligaments that act on this joint, the physiology and physiopathology of glenohumeral instability and the therapeutic implications of the injured structures...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
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