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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723600/detailed-analysis-of-high-frequency-auditory-brainstem-response-in-patients-with-tinnitus-a-preliminary-study
#1
Joseph Pinkl, Matthew J Wilson, Danica Billingsly, Raymundo Munguia-Vazquez
Increased spontaneous activity and aberrant neural synchrony is thought to be the underlying cause of tinnitus. The perceived pitch of tinnitus may be dictated by frequency specific neural fibers of the subcortical pathway, or the projection of altered cortical activity by-way-of tonotopic reorganizations. Subcortical neural activity in relation to tinnitus was characterized using ABR measurements. In the present study, 11 patients (21 ears) with constant tonal tinnitus underwent a two-part experiment. Experiment 1 involved click ABR measurements and included two experimental groups: tinnitus with normal hearing from 2000-4000 Hz (GI) and tinnitus with hearing loss within the range of 2000-4000 Hz (GII)...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701535/enhancement-of-phase-locking-in-rodents-i-an-axonal-recording-study-in-gerbil
#2
Liting Wei, Shotaro Karino, Eric Verschooten, Philip X Joris
The trapezoid body (TB) contains axons of neurons in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN) projecting to monaural and binaural nuclei in the superior olivary complex (SOC). Characterization of these monaural inputs is important for the interpretation of response properties of SOC neurons. In particular, understanding of the sensitivity to interaural time differences (ITDs) in neurons of the medial and lateral superior olive (MSO and LSO) requires knowledge of the temporal firing properties of the monaural excitatory and inhibitory inputs to these neurons...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675088/sensitivity-to-angular-and-radial-source-movements-as-a-function-of-acoustic-complexity-in-normal-and-impaired-hearing
#3
Micha Lundbeck, Giso Grimm, Volker Hohmann, Søren Laugesen, Tobias Neher
In contrast to static sounds, spatially dynamic sounds have received little attention in psychoacoustic research so far. This holds true especially for acoustically complex (reverberant, multisource) conditions and impaired hearing. The current study therefore investigated the influence of reverberation and the number of concurrent sound sources on source movement detection in young normal-hearing (YNH) and elderly hearing-impaired (EHI) listeners. A listening environment based on natural environmental sounds was simulated using virtual acoustics and rendered over headphones...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666702/contralateral-routing-of-signals-disrupts-monaural-level-and-spectral-cues-to-sound-localisation-on-the-horizontal-plane
#4
Adam J Pedley, Pádraig T Kitterick
OBJECTIVES: Contra-lateral routing of signals (CROS) devices re-route sound between the deaf and hearing ears of unilaterally-deaf individuals. This rerouting would be expected to disrupt access to monaural level cues that can support monaural localisation in the horizontal plane. However, such a detrimental effect has not been confirmed by clinical studies of CROS use. The present study aimed to exercise strict experimental control over the availability of monaural cues to localisation in the horizontal plane and the fitting of the CROS device to assess whether signal routing can impair the ability to locate sources of sound and, if so, whether CROS selectively disrupts monaural level or spectral cues to horizontal location, or both...
June 21, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623107/speech-in-noise-perception-in-unilateral-hearing-loss-relation-to-pure-tone-thresholds-and-brainstem-plasticity
#5
Nicolas Vannson, Chris J James, Bernard Fraysse, Boris Lescure, Kuzma Strelnikov, Olivier Deguine, Pascal Barone, Mathieu Marx
We investigated speech recognition in noise in subjects with mild to profound levels of unilateral hearing loss. Thirty-five adults were evaluated using an adaptive signal-to-noise ratio (SNR50) sentence recognition threshold test in three spatial configurations. The results revealed a significant correlation between pure-tone average audiometric thresholds in the poorer ear and SNR thresholds in the two conditions where speech and noise were spatially separated: dichotic - with speech presented to the poorer ear and reverse dichotic - with speech presented to the better ear...
June 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618817/an-algorithm-to-increase-intelligibility-for-hearing-impaired-listeners-in-the-presence-of-a-competing-talker
#6
Eric W Healy, Masood Delfarah, Jordan L Vasko, Brittney L Carter, DeLiang Wang
Individuals with hearing impairment have particular difficulty perceptually segregating concurrent voices and understanding a talker in the presence of a competing voice. In contrast, individuals with normal hearing perform this task quite well. This listening situation represents a very different problem for both the human and machine listener, when compared to perceiving speech in other types of background noise. A machine learning algorithm is introduced here to address this listening situation. A deep neural network was trained to estimate the ideal ratio mask for a male target talker in the presence of a female competing talker...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618809/binaural-sensitivity-in-children-who-use-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#7
Erica Ehlers, Matthew J Goupell, Yi Zheng, Shelly P Godar, Ruth Y Litovsky
Children who are deaf and receive bilateral cochlear implants (BiCIs) perform better on spatial hearing tasks using bilateral rather than unilateral inputs; however, they underperform relative to normal-hearing (NH) peers. This gap in performance is multi-factorial, including the inability of speech processors to reliably deliver binaural cues. Although much is known regarding binaural sensitivity of adults with BiCIs, less is known about how the development of binaural sensitivity in children with BiCIs compared to NH children...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596753/auditory-processing-after-early-left-hemisphere-injury-a-case-report
#8
Cristina Ferraz Borges Murphy, Georgios Stavrinos, Kling Chong, Tony Sirimanna, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Few studies have addressed the long-term outcomes of early brain injury, especially after hemorrhagic stroke. This is the first study to report a case of acquired auditory processing disorder in a 10-year-old child who had a severe left hemorrhagic cerebral infarction at 13 months of age, compromising nearly all of the left temporal lobe. This case, therefore, is an excellent and rare opportunity to investigate the presence of neural plasticity of central auditory system in a developing brain followed severe brain damage...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576530/maturation-of-auditory-brainstem-responses-in-young-children-with-congenital-monaural-atresia
#9
Konrad Johannes Stuermer, Astrid Foerst, Pascale Sandmann, Dirk Fuerstenberg, Ruth Lang-Roth, Martin Walger
OBJECTIVE: To date, the impact of conductive hearing loss on the auditory pathway at brainstem level has only been investigated in animal studies, which showed a species-specific delay of maturation. In this study, the functional maturation of auditory brainstem response (ABR) parameters in humans with unilateral atresia of the external auditory canal was investigated. METHODS: 42 newborns and toddlers ranging in age from 13 days to 11 months were included. The click-evoked ABR interpeak latencies (IPL) of the atretic ears and the contralateral ears with normal hearing were evaluated...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560151/auditory-prediction-errors-as-individual-biomarkers-of-schizophrenia
#10
J A Taylor, N Matthews, P T Michie, M J Rosa, M I Garrido
Schizophrenia is a complex psychiatric disorder, typically diagnosed through symptomatic evidence collected through patient interview. We aim to develop an objective biologically-based computational tool which aids diagnosis and relies on accessible imaging technologies such as electroencephalography (EEG). To achieve this, we used machine learning techniques and a combination of paradigms designed to elicit prediction errors or Mismatch Negativity (MMN) responses. MMN, an EEG component elicited by unpredictable changes in sequences of auditory stimuli, has previously been shown to be reduced in people with schizophrenia and this is arguably one of the most reproducible neurophysiological markers of schizophrenia...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559383/spatial-processing-is-frequency-specific-in-auditory-cortex-but-not-in-the-midbrain
#11
Joseph Sollini, Robert Mill, Christian Sumner
The cochlea behaves like a bank of band-pass filters, segregating information into different frequency channels. Some aspects of perception reflect processing within individual channels, but others involve the integration of information across them. One instance of this is sound localization, which improves with increasing bandwidth. The processing of binaural cues for sound location has been extensively studied. However, while the advantage conferred by bandwidth is clear we currently know little about how this additional information is combined to form our percept of space...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555603/virtual-auditory-space-training-induced-changes-of-auditory-spatial-processing-in-listeners-with-normal-hearing
#12
Kavassery Venkateswaran Nisha, Ajith Uppunda Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Localization involves processing of subtle yet highly enriched monaural and binaural spatial cues. Remediation programs aimed at resolving spatial deficits are surprisingly scanty in literature. The present study is designed to explore the changes that occur in the spatial performance of normal-hearing listeners before and after subjecting them to virtual acoustic space (VAS) training paradigm using behavioral and electrophysiological measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten normal-hearing listeners participated in the study, which was conducted in three phases, including a pre-training, training, and post-training phase...
April 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555100/the-impact-of-monaural-beat-stimulation-on-anxiety-and-cognition
#13
Leila Chaieb, Elke C Wilpert, Christian Hoppe, Nikolai Axmacher, Juergen Fell
Application of auditory beat stimulation has been speculated to provide a promising new tool with which to alleviate symptoms of anxiety and to enhance cognition. In spite of reportedly similar EEG effects of binaural and monaural beats, data on behavioral effects of monaural beats are still lacking. Therefore, we examined the impact of monaural beat stimulation on anxiety, mood and memory performance. We aimed to target states related to anxiety levels and general well-being, in addition to long-term and working memory processes, using monaural beats within the range of main cortical rhythms...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494386/effect-of-efferent-activation-on-binaural-frequency-selectivity
#14
Jesko L Verhey, Monika Kordus, Vit Drga, Ifat Yasin
Binaural notched-noise experiments indicate a reduced frequency selectivity of the binaural system compared to monaural processing. The present study investigates how auditory efferent activation (via the medial olivocochlear system) affects binaural frequency selectivity in normal-hearing listeners. Thresholds were measured for a 1-kHz signal embedded in a diotic notched-noise masker for various notch widths. The signal was either presented in phase (diotic) or in antiphase (dichotic), gated with the noise...
May 2, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464637/the-effect-of-tone-vocoding-on-spatial-release-from-masking-for-old-hearing-impaired-listeners
#15
Andrew King, Kathryn Hopkins, Christopher J Plack, Niels Henrik Pontoppidan, Lars Bramsløw, Renskje K Hietkamp, Marianna Vatti, Atefeh Hafez
Old, hearing-impaired listeners generally benefit little from lateral separation of multiple talkers when listening to one of them. This study aimed to determine how spatial release from masking (SRM) in such listeners is affected when the interaural time differences (ITDs) in the temporal fine structure (TFS) are manipulated by tone-vocoding (TVC) at the ears by a master hearing aid system. Word recall was compared, with and without TVC, when target and masker sentences from a closed set were played simultaneously from the front loudspeaker (co-located) and when the maskers were played 45° to the left and right of the listener (separated)...
April 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451630/hearing-scenes-a-neuromagnetic-signature-of-auditory-source-and-reverberant-space-separation
#16
Santani Teng, Verena R Sommer, Dimitrios Pantazis, Aude Oliva
Perceiving the geometry of surrounding space is a multisensory process, crucial to contextualizing object perception and guiding navigation behavior. Humans can make judgments about surrounding spaces from reverberation cues, caused by sounds reflecting off multiple interior surfaces. However, it remains unclear how the brain represents reverberant spaces separately from sound sources. Here, we report separable neural signatures of auditory space and source perception during magnetoencephalography (MEG) recording as subjects listened to brief sounds convolved with monaural room impulse responses (RIRs)...
January 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418327/auditory-and-cognitive-factors-associated-with-speech-in-noise-complaints-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Eric C Hoover, Pamela E Souza, Frederick J Gallun
BACKGROUND: Auditory complaints following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) are common, but few studies have addressed the role of auditory temporal processing in speech recognition complaints. PURPOSE: In this study, deficits understanding speech in a background of speech noise following MTBI were evaluated with the goal of comparing the relative contributions of auditory and nonauditory factors. RESEARCH DESIGN: A matched-groups design was used in which a group of listeners with a history of MTBI were compared to a group matched in age and pure-tone thresholds, as well as a control group of young listeners with normal hearing (YNH)...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418322/binaural-interference-quo-vadis
#18
James Jerger, Shlomo Silman, Carol Silverman, Michele Emmer
The reality of the phenomenon of binaural interference with speech recognition has been debated for two decades. Research has taken one of two avenues; group studies or case reports. In group studies, a sample of the elderly population is tested on speech recognition under three conditions; binaural, monaural right and monaural left. The aim is to determine the percent of the sample in which the expected outcome (binaural score-better-than-either-monaural score) is reversed (i.e., one of the monaural scores is better than the binaural score)...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403175/altered-cortical-and-subcortical-connectivity-due-to-infrasound-administered-near-the-hearing-threshold-evidence-from-fmri
#19
Markus Weichenberger, Martin Bauer, Robert Kühler, Johannes Hensel, Caroline Garcia Forlim, Albrecht Ihlenfeld, Bernd Ittermann, Jürgen Gallinat, Christian Koch, Simone Kühn
In the present study, the brain's response towards near- and supra-threshold infrasound (IS) stimulation (sound frequency < 20 Hz) was investigated under resting-state fMRI conditions. The study involved two consecutive sessions. In the first session, 14 healthy participants underwent a hearing threshold-as well as a categorical loudness scaling measurement in which the individual loudness perception for IS was assessed across different sound pressure levels (SPL). In the second session, these participants underwent three resting-state acquisitions, one without auditory stimulation (no-tone), one with a monaurally presented 12-Hz IS tone (near-threshold) and one with a similar tone above the individual hearing threshold corresponding to a 'medium loud' hearing sensation (supra-threshold)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395561/acoustic-and-perceptual-effects-of-magnifying-interaural-difference-cues-in-a-simulated-binaural-hearing-aid
#20
Tobias de Taillez, Giso Grimm, Birger Kollmeier, Tobias Neher
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of an algorithm designed to enhance or magnify interaural difference cues on speech signals in noisy, spatially complex conditions using both technical and perceptual measurements. To also investigate the combination of interaural magnification (IM), monaural microphone directionality (DIR), and binaural coherence-based noise reduction (BC). DESIGN: Speech-in-noise stimuli were generated using virtual acoustics. A computational model of binaural hearing was used to analyse the spatial effects of IM...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
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