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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426889/concurrent-and-longitudinal-predictors-of-reading-for-deaf-and-hearing-children-in-primary-school
#1
Margaret Harris, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Fiona Elizabeth Kyle
Forty-one children with severe-profound prelingual hearing loss were assessed on single word reading, reading comprehension, English vocabulary, phonological awareness and speechreading at three time points, 1 year apart (T1-T3). Their progress was compared with that of a group of hearing children of similar nonverbal IQ, initially reading at the same level. Single word reading improved at each assessment point for the deaf children but there was no growth in reading comprehension from T2 to T3. There were no differences between children with cochlear implants and those with hearing aids on either reading measure but orally educated children had higher scores than children who signed in the classroom...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420773/are-direct-to-consumer-marketing-and-over-the-counter-sale-of-hearing-aids-beneficial-to-patients-with-hearing-loss-a-provider-s-perspective
#2
Kenneth P Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420772/health-care-for-individuals-with-hearing-loss-or-vision-loss-a-minefield-of-barriers-to-accessibility
#3
Jan Withers, Cynthia Speight
Individuals with hearing or vision loss face significant barriers in accessing health care, resulting in documented health inequities. These barriers are typically in the form of inaccessible communication or information, as well as impediments to orientation or mobility. Compliance with applicable accessibility laws, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, requires that providers have a sound understanding of the specific aids and services that assure compliance.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420278/audiometric-features-in-young-adults-with-turner-syndrome
#4
Åsa Bonnard, Christina Hederstierna, Rusana Bark, Malou Hultcrantz
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss (HL) is a known problem in adults with Turner syndrome (TS). The aim of this study was to investigate audiometric features in young adults with TS and the extent of hearing aid provision. DESIGN: Patients were recruited from the Turner centre at Karolinska University Hospital. Analysis of audiograms was made in relation to hearing aid use, a Swedish normal hearing cohort and the need for hearing rehabilitation. STUDY SAMPLE: Sixty-four women with TS aged 25-38 years at the time of their audiological testing...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420270/stages-of-change-in-audiology-comparison-of-three-self-assessment-measures
#5
Elisabeth Ingo, K Jonas Brännström, Gerhard Andersson, Thomas Lunner, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
OBJECTIVE: In a clinical setting, theories of health behaviour change could help audiologists and other hearing health care professionals understand the barriers that prevent people with hearing problems to seek audiological help. The transtheoretical (stages of change) model of health behaviour change is one of these theories. It describes a person's journey towards health behaviour change (e.g. seeking help or taking up rehabilitation) in separate stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and, finally, maintenance...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418324/prosody-perception-and-production-in-children-with-hearing-loss-and-age-and-gender-matched-controls
#6
Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren, Suzanne C Purdy, Elaine Ballard
BACKGROUND: Auditory development in children with hearing loss, including the perception of prosody, depends on having adequate input from cochlear implants and/or hearing aids. Lack of adequate auditory stimulation can lead to delayed speech and language development. Nevertheless, prosody perception and production in people with hearing loss have received less attention than other aspects of language. The perception of auditory information conveyed through prosody using variations in the pitch, amplitude, and duration of speech is not usually evaluated clinically...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417111/speech-intelligibility-in-persian-hearing-impaired-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-hearing-aids
#7
Mohammad Rezaei, Maryam Emadi, Peyman Zamani, Farhad Farahani, Gohar Lotfi
The aim of present study is to evaluate and compare speech intelligibility in hearing impaired children with cochlear implants (CI) and hearing aid (HA) users and children with normal hearing (NH). The sample consisted of 45 Persian-speaking children aged 3 to 5-years-old. They were divided into three groups, and each group had 15, children, children with CI and children using hearing aids in Hamadan. Participants was evaluated by the test of speech intelligibility level. Results of ANOVA on speech intelligibility test showed that NH children had significantly better reading performance than hearing impaired children with CI and HA...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417109/intractable-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-otorrhea-with-silicone-impression-in-the-middle-ear
#8
Eun Kyung Jung, Chul Ho Jang, Jong Yuap Seong, Yong Beom Cho
We report a case of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) otorrhea with impression material of hearing aid in the middle ear. The patient had chronic otitis media in the right ear with sensorineural hearing loss in both ears. The silicone flowed into the middle ear through a tympanic membrane perforation during the process of making an ear mold. Several days after hearing aid fitting, the patient had severe otalgia, intractable otorrhea, aggravated hearing loss, and dizziness. The pus culture and sensitivity test revealed MRSA...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417105/substitution-patterns-of-phoneme-errors-in-hearing-aid-and-cochlear-implant-users
#9
Woojae Han, Hyungi Chun, Gibbeum Kim, In-Ki Jin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is acknowledged that speech perceptual errors are increased in listeners who have sensorineural hearing loss as noise increases. However, there is a lack of detailed information for their error pattern. The purpose of the present study was to analyze substitution patterns of phoneme errors in Korean hearing aid (HA) and cochlear implant (CI) users who are postlingually deafened adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In quiet and under two noise conditions, the phoneme errors of twenty HA and fourteen CI users were measured by using monosyllabic words, and a substitution pattern was analyzed in terms of manner of articulation...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407310/totally-implantable-hearing-system-five-year-hearing-results
#10
Jack A Shohet, Eric M Kraus, Peter J Catalano, Elizabeth Toh
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: 1) To provide long-term hearing outcome measures of a totally implantable hearing system (implant) and compare to the baseline unaided (BLU) and baseline aided (BLA) conditions, and 2) discuss relevant safety measures. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter, single-subject-as-own-control design. METHODS: Fifty-one subjects with mild to severe sensorineural hearing loss were implanted between 2008 and 2009 and enrolled in this postmarket approval study in the setting of private and hospital-based practices...
April 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399330/arginine-supplementation-for-prevention-of-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants
#11
REVIEW
Prakeshkumar S Shah, Vibhuti S Shah, Lauren E Kelly
BACKGROUND: Decreased concentration of nitric oxide has been proposed as one of the possible cellular mechanisms of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). Arginine can act as a substrate for production of nitric oxide in the tissues, and arginine supplementation may help to prevent NEC. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of arginine supplementation (administered by any route) on the incidence of NEC in preterm neonates. To conduct subgroup analyses based on the dose of arginine and the gestational age of participants (≤ 32 weeks, > 32 weeks)...
April 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395561/acoustic-and-perceptual-effects-of-magnifying-interaural-difference-cues-in-a-simulated-binaural-hearing-aid
#12
Tobias de Taillez, Giso Grimm, Birger Kollmeier, Tobias Neher
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of an algorithm designed to enhance or magnify interaural difference cues on speech signals in noisy, spatially complex conditions using both technical and perceptual measurements. To also investigate the combination of interaural magnification (IM), monaural microphone directionality (DIR), and binaural coherence-based noise reduction (BC). DESIGN: Speech-in-noise stimuli were generated using virtual acoustics. A computational model of binaural hearing was used to analyse the spatial effects of IM...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395552/evaluation-of-a-wireless-remote-microphone-in-bimodal-cochlear-implant-recipients
#13
Jantien L Vroegop, J Gertjan Dingemanse, Nienke C Homans, André Goedegebure
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit of a wireless remote microphone (MM) for speech recognition in noise in bimodal adult cochlear implant (CI) users both in a test setting and in daily life. DESIGN: This prospective study measured speech reception thresholds in noise in a repeated measures design with factors including bimodal hearing and MM use. The participants also had a 3-week trial period at home with the MM. STUDY SAMPLE: Thirteen post-lingually deafened adult bimodal CI users...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392194/extended-bandwidth-nonlinear-frequency-compression-in-mandarin-speaking-hearing-aid-users
#14
Wen-Hsuan Tseng, Dun-Lieh Hsieh, Wan-Ting Shih, Tien-Chen Liu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The high frequency information of consonant messages is important for recognition of speech. Recently, the nonlinear frequency compression (NLFC) technique has been shown to improve the speech perception in patients with high frequency hearing loss. In Mandarin, seven consonants are located over 10-16 kHz. Extended-bandwidth (EB) NLFC may provide an additional benefit for recognition of Mandarin words. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of NLFC and EB-NLFC on Mandarin word recognition in patients with high frequency hearing loss...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388970/contemporary-imaging-of-auditory-implants
#15
REVIEW
S E J Connor
There have been significant advances in the diversity and effectiveness of hearing technologies in recent years. Implanted auditory devices may be divided into those that stimulate the cochlear hair cells (bone conduction devices and middle ear implants), and those that stimulate the neural structures (cochlear implants and central auditory implants). Contemporary preoperative and postoperative imaging may be used to help individualise implant selection, optimise surgical technique and predict auditory outcome...
April 4, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388868/equivalence-and-test-retest-reproducibility-of-conventional-and-extended-high-frequency-audiometric-thresholds-obtained-using-pure-tone-and-narrow-band-noise-stimuli
#16
Andrew B John, Brian M Kreisman
OBJECTIVES: Extended high-frequency (EHF) audiometry is useful for evaluating ototoxic exposures and may relate to speech recognition, localisation and hearing aid benefit. There is a need to determine whether common clinical practice for EHF audiometry using tone and noise stimuli is reliable. We evaluated equivalence and compared test-retest (TRT) reproducibility for audiometric thresholds obtained using pure tones and narrowband noise (NBN) from 0.25 to 16 kHz. DESIGN: Thresholds and test-retest reproducibility for stimuli in the conventional (0...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387664/efficacy-of-hearing-aids-on-the-cognitive-status-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-hearing-loss-a-multicenter-controlled-randomized-trial
#17
Marie-France Nguyen, Marc Bonnefoy, Arnaud Adrait, Marine Gueugnon, Charles Petitot, Lionel Collet, Adeline Roux, Xavier Perrot
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the cognitive benefit of hearing aids (HA) in older patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and hearing loss (HL) after a 6- and 12-month period of utilization. METHODS: A multicenter double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial was conducted in patients aged more than 65 years. A group was equipped with active HA for 6 months (active group) and a second group had placebo HA for 6 months (placebo group) followed by a secondary activation phase for a further 6 months (semi crossover procedure)...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384124/single-channel-in-ear-eeg-detects-the-focus-of-auditory-attention-to-concurrent-tone-streams-and-mixed-speech
#18
Lorenz Fiedler, Malte Wöstmann, Carina Graversen, Alex Brandmeyer, Thomas Lunner, Jonas Obleser
OBJECTIVE: Conventional, multi-channel scalp electroencephalography (EEG) allows the identification of the attended speaker in concurrent-listening ('cocktail party') scenarios. This implies that EEG might provide valuable information to complement hearing aids with some form of EEG and to install a level of neuro-feedback. APPROACH: To investigate whether a listener's attentional focus can be detected from single-channel hearing-aid-compatible EEG configurations, we recorded EEG from three electrodes inside the ear canal ('in-Ear-EEG') and additionally from 64 electrodes on the scalp...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382120/outcomes-of-late-implantation-in-usher-syndrome-patients
#19
Ana Cristina H Hoshino, Agustina Echegoyen, Maria Valéria Schmidt Goffi-Gomez, Robinson Koji Tsuji, Ricardo Ferreira Bento
Introduction Usher syndrome (US) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hearing loss and progressive visual impairment. Some deaf Usher syndrome patients learn to communicate using sign language. During adolescence, as they start losing vision, they are usually referred to cochlear implantation as a salvage for their new condition. Is a late implantation beneficial to these children? Objective The objective of this study is to describe the outcomes of US patients who received cochlear implants at a later age...
April 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380199/hearing-health-care-perception-of-the-users-of-a-public-service
#20
Débora Soares Jardim, Fernanda Jorge Maciel, Marina Teixeira Piastrelli, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: Evaluate hearing health service under the users' perspective according to the aspects: access, care, communication, and professional competence, and its correlation with clinical, sociodemographic and assistance characteristics. Methods: This is an observational analytic cross-sectional study with a probability sample stratified by gender and age. The Hearing Health Care Assessment questionnaire and the Brazilian Economic Classification Criterion questionnaire were used...
March 30, 2017: CoDAS
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