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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332420/hearing-aid-use-in-the-elderly-as-measured-by-datalogging-and-self-report
#1
Jorunn Solheim, Louise Hickson
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to compare the objective and the subjective assessments of hearing aid use among elderly people at a 6-month follow-up after fitting. A secondary aim was to determine whether advanced knowledge of follow-up impacts hearing aid use. DESIGN: Hearing aid use was assessed by datalogging (objective) and self-report (subjective) 6 months after initial fitting. Participants were also randomised to an intervention (informed of 6-month follow-up at fitting) or control group (informed just prior to follow-up)...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328494/hearing-aid-technology-for-the-21st-century-a-proposal-for-universal-wireless-connectivity-and-improved-sound-quality
#2
Richard Einhorn
Approximately 360 million people in the world live with a debilitating hearing loss. The most common conditions-age-related and noise-induced sensorineural hearing loss-are both progressive and, for the foreseeable future, neither curable nor reversible.
March 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326677/implantation-and-positioning-of-a-transcutaneous-magnetic-bone-conduction-hearing-system-for-children-with-microtia-in-preparation-for-auricular-reconstruction
#3
Shradha Sharma, Neil Bulstrode, Andrew Marshall
Microtia is a complex congential issue, which can have a functional and psychosocial effect on patients(1) . It can occur spontaneously or as part of a syndrome. Microtia is a condition in which otolaryngologists and plastic surgeons work closely together in order to reconstruct the ear aesthetically whilst facilitating effective aiding. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 22, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326059/unilateral-cochlear-implantation-reduces-tinnitus-loudness-in-bimodal-hearing-a-prospective-study
#4
Jérôme J Servais, Karl Hörmann, Elisabeth Wallhäusser-Franke
Perceptive and receptive aspects of subjective tinnitus like loudness and tinnitus-related distress are partly independent. The high percentage of hearing loss in individuals with tinnitus suggests causality of hearing impairment particularly for the tinnitus percept, leading to the hypothesis that restoration of auditory input has a larger effect on tinnitus loudness than on tinnitus-related distress. Furthermore, it is assumed that high levels of depression or anxiety prevent reductions of tinnitus loudness and distress following restoration of activity in the cochlea...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323321/observed-hearing-loss-and-incident-dementia-in-a-multiethnic-cohort
#5
Justin S Golub, José A Luchsinger, Jennifer J Manly, Yaakov Stern, Richard Mayeux, Nicole Schupf
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether observed hearing loss (OHL) is associated with incident dementia in a multiethnic population. DESIGN: Prospective epidemiological cohort study. SETTING: Community in northern Manhattan. PARTICIPANTS: Participants in the Washington Heights-Inwood Columbia Aging Project, a longitudinal study on aging and dementia in an ethnically diverse community (n = 1,881). MEASUREMENTS: OHL was defined when the examiner observed it or according to self-reported hearing aid use...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320600/tympanometry-and-isolated-fracture-of-the-stapes
#6
C Aussedat, C Bobiller, K Gaillot, E Lescanne, D Bakhos
INTRODUCTION: Temporal bone fractures are frequently associated with ossicular dislocations or fractures, most commonly involving the incus. To our knowledge, isolated fracture of the posterior crus of the stapes has not been previously reported. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old man consulted for persistent left hypoacusis several months after a head injury. Initial computed tomography of the temporal bone showed a simple temporal bone fracture with no other associated abnormalities...
March 17, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306649/secondary-endolymphatic-hydrops
#7
Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Sebahattin Cureoglu, Nevra Keskin, Michael M Paparella, Huseyin Isildak
HYPOTHESIS: A review of the most recent literature will provide clinicians with an update of secondary endolymphatic hydrops, aiding in diagnosis and treatment of affected patients. BACKGROUND: Secondary endolymphatic hydrops is a pathologic finding of the inner ear resulting in episodic vertigo and intermittent hearing loss. It is a finding for which extensive research is being performed. METHODS: A review of the most recent literature on secondary endolymphatic hydrops was performed using PubMed literature search...
March 16, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304096/insertion-depth-impacts-speech-perception-and-hearing-preservation-for-lateral-wall-electrodes
#8
Brendan P O'Connell, Jacob B Hunter, David S Haynes, Jourdan T Holder, Matt M Dedmon, Jack H Noble, Benoit M Dawant, George B Wanna
OBJECTIVES: 1) Examine angular insertion depths (AID) and scalar location of Med-El (GmbH Innsbruck, Austria) electrodes; and 2) determine the relationship between AID and audiologic outcomes controlling for scalar position. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Postlingually deafened adults undergoing cochlear implantation with Flex 24, Flex 28, and Standard electrode arrays (Med-El) were identified. Patients with preoperative and postoperative computed tomography scans were included so that electrode location and AID could be determined...
March 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303288/-technical-advancements-in-cochlear-implants-state-of-the-art
#9
A Büchner, L Gärtner
Twenty years ago, cochlear implants (CI) were indicated only in cases of profound hearing loss or complete deafness. While from today's perspective the technology was clumsy and provided patients with only limited speech comprehension in quiet scenarios, successive advances in CI technology and the consequent substantial hearing improvements over time have since then resulted in continuous relaxation of indication criteria toward residual hearing. While achievements in implant and processor electronics have been one key factor for the ever-improving hearing performance, development of electro-acoustic CI systems-together with atraumatic implantation concepts-has led to enormous improvements in patients with low-frequency residual hearing...
March 16, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301392/combined-electric-and-acoustic-stimulation-with-hearing-preservation-effect-of-cochlear-implant-low-frequency-cutoff-on-speech-understanding-and-perceived-listening-difficulty
#10
René H Gifford, Timothy J Davis, Linsey W Sunderhaus, Christine Menapace, Barbara Buck, Jillian Crosson, Lori O'Neill, Anne Beiter, Phil Segel
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to assess the effect of electric and acoustic overlap for speech understanding in typical listening conditions using semidiffuse noise. DESIGN: This study used a within-subjects, repeated measures design including 11 experienced adult implant recipients (13 ears) with functional residual hearing in the implanted and nonimplanted ear. The aided acoustic bandwidth was fixed and the low-frequency cutoff for the cochlear implant (CI) was varied systematically...
March 15, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301390/pre-and-postoperative-binaural-unmasking-for-bimodal-cochlear-implant-listeners
#11
Benjamin M Sheffield, Gerald Schuchman, Joshua G W Bernstein
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implants (CIs) are increasingly recommended to individuals with residual bilateral acoustic hearing. Although new hearing-preserving electrode designs and surgical approaches show great promise, CI recipients are still at risk to lose acoustic hearing in the implanted ear, which could prevent the ability to take advantage of binaural unmasking to aid speech recognition in noise. This study examined the tradeoff between the benefits of a CI for speech understanding in noise and the potential loss of binaural unmasking for CI recipients with some bilateral preoperative acoustic hearing...
March 15, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292001/-implantable-bone-conduction-and-active-middle-ear-devices
#12
Markus Pirlich, Andreas Dietz, Sylvia Meuret, Mathias Hofer
In case of audiological and/or anatomical limitations in the provision of conventional hearing aids, semi- or fully-implantable hearing systems represent a modern therapy alternative. These hearing systems are divided according to their mode of action into active middle ear implants when stimulating the auditory ossicles or the round window, into bone conduction devices while stimulating the skull directly, into cochlear implants with direct acoustic stimulation to the cochlea with its auditory nerve and finally into auditory brainstem implants by bridging the peripheral auditory structures...
February 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286368/a-sound-therapy-based-intervention-to-expand-the-auditory-dynamic-range-for-loudness-among-persons-with-sensorineural-hearing-losses-case-evidence-showcasing-treatment-efficacy
#13
REVIEW
Craig Formby, LaGuinn P Sherlock, Monica L Hawley, Susan L Gold
Case evidence is presented that highlights the clinical relevance and significance of a novel sound therapy-based treatment. This intervention has been shown to be efficacious in a randomized controlled trial for promoting expansion of the dynamic range for loudness and increased sound tolerance among persons with sensorineural hearing losses. Prior to treatment, these individuals were unable to use aided sound effectively because of their limited dynamic ranges. These promising treatment effects are shown in this article to be functionally significant, giving rise to improved speech understanding and enhanced hearing aid benefit and satisfaction, and, in turn, to enhanced quality of life posttreatment...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286367/structured-counseling-for-auditory-dynamic-range-expansion
#14
REVIEW
Susan L Gold, Craig Formby
A structured counseling protocol is described that, when combined with low-level broadband sound therapy from bilateral sound generators, offers audiologists a new tool for facilitating the expansion of the auditory dynamic range (DR) for loudness. The protocol and its content are specifically designed to address and treat problems that impact hearing-impaired persons who, due to their reduced DRs, may be limited in the use and benefit of amplified sound from hearing aids. The reduced DRs may result from elevated audiometric thresholds and/or reduced sound tolerance as documented by lower-than-normal loudness discomfort levels (LDLs)...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286366/relations-among-auditory-brainstem-and-middle-latency-response-measures-categorical-loudness-judgments-and-their-associated-physical-intensities
#15
REVIEW
Peggy A Korczak, LaGuinn P Sherlock, Monica L Hawley, Craig Formby
This study characterizes changes in response properties of toneburst-evoked auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) and/or middle latency responses (MLRs) as a function of perceived loudness and physical intensity of these stimuli and delineates the range of levels corresponding to categorical loudness judgments for these stimuli. ABRs/MLRs were recorded simultaneously to 500- and 2,000-Hz tonebursts in 10 normal-hearing adults at levels corresponding to each listener's loudness judgments for four categories on Contour Test of Loudness...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286365/auditory-brainstem-and-middle-latency-responses-measured-pre-and-posttreatment-for-hyperacusic-hearing-impaired-persons-successfully-treated-to-improve-sound-tolerance-and-to-expand-the-dynamic-range-for-loudness-case-evidence
#16
REVIEW
Craig Formby, Peggy Korczak, LaGuinn P Sherlock, Monica L Hawley, Susan Gold
In this report of three cases, we consider electrophysiologic measures from three hyperacusic hearing-impaired individuals who, prior to treatment to expand their dynamic ranges for loudness, were problematic hearing aid candidates because of their diminished sound tolerance and reduced dynamic ranges. Two of these individuals were treated with structured counseling combined with low-level broadband sound therapy from bilateral sound generators and the third case received structured counseling in combination with a short-acting placebo sound therapy...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286364/considerations-in-the-development-of-a-sound-tolerance-interview-and-questionnaire-instrument
#17
REVIEW
LaGuinn P Sherlock, Craig Formby
Most clinicians approach the objective fitting of hearing aids with three goals in mind: audibility, comfort, and tolerance. When these three amplification goals have been met, the hearing aid user is more likely to adapt to and perceive benefit from hearing aid use. However, problems related to the loudness of sounds and reduced sound tolerance, which may or may not be reported by the aided user, can adversely impact adaptation to amplification and the individual's quality of life. Although there are several standardized questionnaires available to evaluate hearing aid benefit and satisfaction, there is no standardized questionnaire or interview tool for evaluating reduced sound tolerance and the related impact on hearing aid use...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286363/repeated-measurement-of-absolute-and-relative-judgments-of-loudness-clinical-relevance-for-prescriptive-fitting-of-aided-target-gains-for-soft-comfortable-and-loud-but-ok-sound-levels
#18
REVIEW
Craig Formby, JoAnne Payne, Xin Yang, Delphanie Wu, Jason M Parton
This study was undertaken with the purpose of streamlining clinical measures of loudness growth to facilitate and enhance prescriptive fitting of nonlinear hearing aids. Repeated measures of loudness at 500 and 3,000 Hz were obtained bilaterally at monthly intervals over a 6-month period from three groups of young adult listeners. All volunteers had normal audiometric hearing sensitivity and middle ear function, and all denied problems related to sound tolerance. Group 1 performed judgments of soft and loud, but OK for presentation of ascending sound levels...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286362/intra-and-intersubject-variability-in-audiometric-measures-and-loudness-judgments-in-older-listeners-with-normal-hearing
#19
REVIEW
Monica L Hawley, LaGuinn P Sherlock, Craig Formby
This research was to document intra- and intersubject variability in measures of pure tone thresholds, loudness discomfort levels, and the Contour test of loudness for tonal and speech stimuli across 8 to 10 repeated test sessions over a period of almost 1 year in a group of 11 normal-hearing, older middle-aged adults (39 to 73 years, mean of 56 years). The measured pure tone thresholds and loudness discomfort levels were determined to be stable across sessions, with variability on the order of 5 dB. The categorical judgments for the Contour test for both warbled tones and spondaic speech stimuli decreased over time in level required for categories greater than comfortable...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285827/our-auditory-results-using-the-vibrant-soundbridge-on-the-long-process-of-the-incus-20-years-of-data
#20
Anaïs Grégoire, Jean-Philippe Van Damme, Chantal Gilain, Benoit Bihin, Pierre Garin
OBJECTIVE: After 20 years of experience with different types of middle ear implants, we analyzed our database about the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) to know the rate of complications, the effect on the residual hearing and the audiometric gain in our center. METHOD: The study was retrospective and included all VSB implants bound to the long process of the incus in our tertiary medical center between january 1999 and february 2015. We observed the effect of surgery on residual hearing by comparing bone and air conduction thresholds before and after implantation...
March 9, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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