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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341795/the-ability-to-provide-quality-chest-compressions-over-lacrosse-shoulder-pads
#1
Richard J Boergers, Thomas G Bowman, Monica Lininger
CONTEXT:   Performance of quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation is essential for improving patient outcomes. Performing compressions over football equipment inhibits compression depth and rate, but lacrosse equipment has not yet been studied. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the effect of lacrosse shoulder pads on the ability to provide quality chest compressions on simulation manikins. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   Simulation laboratory...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341794/preseason-strength-assessment-of-the-rotator-muscles-and-shoulder-injury-in-handball-players
#2
Bénédicte Forthomme, Jean-Louis Croisier, François Delvaux, Jean-François Kaux, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Sophie Gleizes-Cervera
CONTEXT:   Few researchers have identified intrinsic risk factors for shoulder injury in team handball players by analyzing measurements of maximal isokinetic rotator muscle strength. OBJECTIVE:   To identify possible intrinsic risk factors for shoulder injury by analyzing measurements of maximal isokinetic rotator muscle strength. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Male team handball senior divisions (the highest level) in France and Belgium...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340809/randomized-controlled-study-of-intraincisional-infiltration-versus-intraperitoneal-instillation-of-standardized-dose-of-ropivacaine-0-2-in-post-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-pain-do-we-really-need-high-doses-of-local-anesthetics-time-to-rethink
#3
Singh Mathuria Kaushal-Deep, Afzal Anees, Shehtaj Khan, Mohammad Amanullah Khan, Mehershree Lodhi
BACKGROUND: Earlier studies done to compare the efficacy of use of local anesthetics at intraperitoneal location versus intraincisional use had utilized equal amount of drugs at the two locations, usually 10-20 ml. Using this large amount of drug in the small space of intraincisional location as compared to similar amount of drug in large intraperitoneal space created an inadvertent bias in favor of patients receiving the drug intraincisionally so these patients naturally experienced less pain...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340778/successful-surgery-for-a-neuromuscular-scoliosis-patient-by-pulmonary-rehabilitation-with-forced-vital-capacity-below-30
#4
Kai Han, Yongqian Wang, Shangbin Cui, Caixia Xu, Peiqiang Su
A rare case of a 15-year-old male patient with neuromuscular scoliosis with forced vital capacity (FVC) below 30%, who went through a successful surgery without any pulmonary complications, is reported herein. The patient had obvious asymmetric shoulders and poor exercise tolerance. The Cobb's angle of the main thoracic curve was 62.8°, and FVC in sitting position was 18% of predictive value. After skull traction and pulmonary rehabilitation, the FVC was still below 30%, and he finally went through surgery under this serious condition...
January 16, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340748/lack-of-level-i-evidence-on-how-to-prevent-infection-after-elective-shoulder-surgery
#5
Carola F Eck, Julie A Neumann, Orr Limpisvasti, Christopher R Adams
PURPOSE: Infection is a concern after all orthopedic procedures, including shoulder surgery. This systematic review of literature aimed to determine risk factors for infection as well as the availability and effectiveness of measures utilized to prevent infection after elective shoulder surgery. METHODS: An electronic database search was performed using MEDLINE (1950-October 2017), EMBASE (1980-October 2017), CINAHL (1982-October 2017), and the Cochrane database to identify studies reporting a risk factor or preventive measure for infection after shoulder surgery...
January 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340353/clinical-performance-of-one-piece-screw-retained-implant-crowns-based-on-hand-veneered-cad-cam-zirconia-abutments-after-a-mean-follow-up-period-of-2-3-years
#6
Nicole Schnider, Fiona Alena Forrer, Urs Brägger, Stefan Paul Hicklin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of one-piece, screw-retained implant crowns based on hand-veneered computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) zirconium dioxide abutments with a crossfit connection at least 1 year after insertion of the crown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who had received at least one Straumann bone level implant and one-piece, screw-retained implant crowns fabricated with CARES zirconium dioxide abutments were reexamined...
January 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340261/medical-support-with-acupuncture-and-massage-therapies-for-disaster-victims
#7
Masataka Miwa, Shin Takayama, Soichiro Kaneko
Background: After the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster (GEJED) and Joso City Flood (JCF), a number of people were relocated to evacuation centers. In situations following a large-scale disaster, acupuncture can be applied for various health problems in evacuation centers. In this study, we report the medical support operation for evacuees with acupuncture and massage therapy (AP/MT) and its effectiveness. In addition, we propose an experience-based guideline for AP/MT in such situations...
January 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340258/atypical-initial-presentation-of-painful-muscle-cramps-in-a-patient-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-report-and-brief-review-of-the-literature
#8
Aaron R Kuzel, Muhammad Uzair Lodhi, Intekhab Askari Syed, Mustafa Rahim
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized clinically by progressive muscle weakness that can occur proximally or distally in either the upper or lower extremities. It includes both upper motor neuron signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus, and Babinski sign) and lower motor neuron signs (atrophy, weakness, and muscle fasciculation). Initial presentation of progressively painful muscle cramps should lead the physician to screen for other signs of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis...
November 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340004/performance-and-kinematic-differences-in-putting-between-healthy-and-disabled-elite-golfers
#9
Tomáš Gryc, Petr Stastny, František Zahálka, Wojciech Smółka, Piotr Żmijewski, Artur Gołaś, Marek Zawartka, Tomáš Malý
Golfers with disability are limited in the execution of the full golf swing, but their performance in putting may be comparable because this stroke does not demand significant strength, balance and range of motion. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare putting performance, kinetic and kinematic consistency between golfers with different disabilities and healthy athletes. The participants consisted of three disabled athletes (perinatal cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, below knee lower limb amputee) and three healthy golfers (age 34 ± 4...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339841/role-of-autologous-non-vascularised-intramedullary-fibular-strut-graft-in-humeral-shaft-nonunions-following-failed-plating
#10
Sreekanth Kashayi-Chowdojirao, Aashish Vallurupalli, Vijay Krishna Chilakamarri, Chandrasekhar Patnala, Lalith Mohan Chodavarapu, Nageswara Rao Kancherla, Asif Hussain Khazi Syed
Background: Non-union humeral shaft fractures are seen frequently in clinical practice at about 2-10% in conservative management and 30% in surgically operated patients. Osteosynthesis using dynamic compression plate (DCP), intramedullary nailing, locking compression plate (LCP), Ilizarov technique along with bone grafting have been reported previously. In cases of prior failed plate-screw osteosynthesis the resultant osteopenia, cortical defect, bone loss, scalloping around screws and metallosis, make the management of non-union more complicated...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339205/agreement-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-and-clinical-assessment-of-shoulder-impairment-in-manual-wheelchair-users-with-various-duration-of-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Margaret Finley, David Ebaugh, Thomas Trojian
OBJECTIVE: To determine agreement of musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSK-US) findings of shoulder pathology and related shoulder special test results in individuals with varied duration of manual wheelchair (MWC) use following spinal cord injury (SCI) and determine if shoulder musculoskeletal impairments, per MSK-US and clinical examination, differed in individuals with SCI and varying duration of MWC use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study SETTING: Laboratory setting PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three adult volunteers with SCI who used a MWC for community mobility...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338908/relationship-between-neuropathy-proximal-to-the-suprascapular-nerve-and-rotator-cuff-tear-in-a-rodent-model
#12
Yasuhito Sasaki, Nobuyasu Ochiai, Eiko Hashimoto, Yu Sasaki, Takeshi Yamaguchi, Takehiro Kijima, Koji Akimoto, Seiji Ohtori, Kazuhisa Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are believed to coexist with cervical spine lesions. In cases of preexisting neuropathy, such as cervical spine lesions, fatty degeneration has likely already occurred due to the neuropathy. In these cases, rotator cuff tear is thought to occur easily because of preexisting extensive fatty degeneration and degeneration of the tendons due to neuropathy. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of paralysis due to neuropathy proximal to the suprascapular nerve on the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons using a rat model of brachial plexus paralysis...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338885/concurrence-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-calcium-pyrophosphate-deposition-disease-a-case-collection-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Viktoriya Sabchyshyn, Irina Konon, Lawrence M Ryan, Ann K Rosenthal
OBJECTIVE: Calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPDD) is arthritis caused by calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystal deposition in joints. It is commonly associated with aging as well as a handful of metabolic syndromes. Recent epidemiologic studies suggest a positive association of CPDD and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Yet how these diseases are related remains unclear. We set out to describe 21 well-characterized patients with both diagnoses. METHODS: Medical records of patients with both RA and CPDD identified at a single academic practice site were reviewed for age, gender, age of CPDD and RA onset, disease duration, joint involvement, and lab values including rheumatoid factor (RF), cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (CCP), iron studies, and parathyroid hormone and calcium levels...
December 2, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338846/comparison-of-two-trunk-electromagnetic-sensor-placement-methods-during-shoulder-motion-analysis
#14
Hillary A Plummer, Federico Pozzi, Lori A Michener
For kinematic studies of the shoulder, electromagnetic sensors are commonly placed on the humerus, scapula, and trunk. The trunk sensor is used to describe humeral and scapular kinematics with respect to the trunk. There are two common trunk sensor placements, the sternum or third thoracic vertebrae (T3). It is currently unclear if placement of the trunk sensor affects kinematics, making it difficult to compare data across studies. The purpose of this study was to compare two trunk sensor placements (T3 and sternum) on trunk and scapular kinematics during arm elevation...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338639/is-continuous-passive-motion-effective-in-patients-with-lymphedema-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Ramazan Kizil, Banu Dilek, Ebru Şahin, Onur Engin, Ali Can Soylu, Elif Akalin, Serap Alper
BACKGROUND: In this randomized controlled study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of shoulder flexion exercise using continuous passive motion (CPM) on lymphedema during the treatment of breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). METHODS: Thirty patients with BCRL were enrolled and completed the study. Fourteen patients were treated with complete decongestive therapy (CDT) and CPM in the intervention group, and 16 patients were treated with CDT alone (control group) for 15 sessions...
January 17, 2018: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337029/arthroscopic-latarjet-procedure-with-double-button-fixation-short-term-complications-and-learning-curve-analysis
#16
Nicolas Bonnevialle, Charles Edouard Thélu, Yves Bouju, Jérôme Vogels, Charles Agout, Pauline Duriez, Vadim Azoulay
BACKGROUND: The arthroscopic Latarjet with double-button fixation is a guided procedure recently proposed to treat anterior shoulder instability with glenoid bone loss. The goal of this study was to report intraoperative and early postoperative complications and to analyze the learning curve. METHODS: This was a prospective, nonrandomized study that included 88 patients. Intraoperative or postoperative complications as well as adverse events and operative time were recorded...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337028/bipolar-pedicled-teres-major-transfer-for-irreparable-subscapularis-tendon-tears-an-anatomic-feasibility-study
#17
Thibault Lafosse, Malo Le Hanneur, Julia Lee, Bassem Elhassan
BACKGROUND: Subscapularis (SSC) tendon tears are a challenging problem because they can significantly alter shoulder mechanics and function. Tendon retraction and advanced fatty degeneration associated with a chronic tear may make it irreparable. Tendon transfers options for such tears are viable, but results in the setting of associated glenohumeral instability are inconsistent. With the potential to recreate the SSC line of pull, the teres major (TM) may be a viable option for transfer...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337027/an-assessment-of-proximal-humerus-density-with-reference-to-stemless-implants
#18
Jacob M Reeves, George S Athwal, James A Johnson
BACKGROUND: Shoulder arthroplasty humeral components have undergone several generational changes, with systems now offering shorter stems and stemless options. The stemless humeral implants obtain fixation in the trabecular bone of the proximal humerus through elaborate fixation features. To optimize implant design, the regional variations in bone density within the proximal humerus should be determined. As such, the purpose of this computed tomography-based study was to map the regional variations in bone density of the proximal humerus...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337026/effect-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-on-rotator-cuff-healing-after-arthroscopic-repair-preliminary-result-of-a-multicenter-prospective-randomized-open-label-blinded-end-point-clinical-exploratory-trial
#19
Joo Han Oh, Seok Won Chung, Kyung-Soo Oh, Jae Chul Yoo, Wonhee Jee, Jung-Ah Choi, Yang-Soo Kim, Jin-Young Park
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effect of systemic injection of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) on outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, randomized, comparative trial, randomized patients who underwent arthroscopic repair of large-sized rotator cuff tears into 3 groups: rhGH 4 mg group (n = 26), rhGH 8 mg group (n = 24) , and control group (n = 26). Sustained release rhGH was injected subcutaneously once weekly for 3 months postoperatively...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336821/validation-of-radiostereometric-analysis-in-six-degrees-of-freedom-for-use-with-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#20
Madeleine L Van de Kleut, Xunhua Yuan, George S Athwal, Matthew G Teeter
A phantom study was conducted to determine bias in motion and bias at zero motion of radiostereometric analysis (RSA) for evaluating implant relative displacement in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). A Sawbones shoulder phantom was fitted with a RTSA implant set and 13 tantalum markers. The model was fixed to a manual micrometer, providing controlled movements though fifteen known increments in translation and twelve increments in rotation (0.02-5.00 mm and 0.1-6.0°), along each translation and rotation axis...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
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