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Aline Almeida Fontes, Sirley Alves da Silva Carvalho, Gláucia Manzan Queiroz de Andrade, Ericka Viana Carellos, Roberta Castro Romanelli, Luciana Macedo de Resende
INTRODUCTION: Congenital toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease with high prevalence in tropical countries. It is characterized by neurological, ophthalmological and auditory sequelae. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and describe the brainstem auditory evoked potential in infants aged 1-3 months diagnosed with congenital toxoplasmosis and to compare them with infants of the same age group without the infection. METHODS: This is an observational, analytical and cross-sectional study in which brainstem auditory evoked potential was investigated in infants with congenital toxoplasmosis...
April 22, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Adem Emre Ilhan, Yusuf Muhammed Durna, Ahmet Mahmut Tekin, Fahrettin Yilmaz, Yetkin Zeki Yilmaz
AIM: To examine the effect of the piezoelectric application used increasingly for osteotomy and correction of nasal dorsum in septorhinoplasty surgeries on early auditory functions. METHODS: Our study was conducted after the decision of 10840098-604.01.01-E.9057 taken from Istanbul Medipol University Clinical Research Local Ethics Committee. This study was designed to be prospective, randomized and controlled. Twenty patients between 18 and 50 years of age that piezoelectric technique was used in the study group and 10 patients in the same age range who underwent nasal surgery (endoscopic sinus surgery, septoplasty, lower concha radiofrequency and nasal valve surgery) for any reason in the control group were included in the study...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
J Y Chen, J Yang
Summary The prevalence of hearing loss in newborns and infants is estimated between 1 to 3.47 cases per 1000 live births. Neonatal screening for hearing loss and audiological evaluation are becoming more extensively carried out. However, there is no consensus regarding the use of audiometry and other electrophysiological tests in current practices. This article is intended to provide professionals with recommendations about the "best practice" based on consensus opinion of the session's speakers, and a review of the literature on the efficacy of various assessment options for children with hearing loss...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Y Yang, J Y Gao, X Y Qian, Y Guan, Y H Cao, N Zhao, J Huang, X Gao
Objective: To study the accuracy of preoperative-ASSR in predicting behavioral thresholds of children at low age with profound hearing loss and to evaluate the feasibility of using hearing aids in non-operating ear after the cochlear implantation. Method: Children aged less than 2 years old at the time of surgery were selected as study subjects.The preoperative ASSR response threshold in 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0 kHz were recorded.The play audiometry test was used to get the non operative ear behavioral thresholds of the children after three years old...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
X L Zhao, L H Huang, X Y Wang, Yt DU, Xl Wang, X H Cheng, L P Zhao, Y Li
Objective: To explore the correlation of SLC26A4 genotype and audiology. Method: The subjects were 70 children aged 0 to 7 years old, who were admitted to otological outpatient department.All subjects received nine crystal hereditary deafness gene chip and confirmed by (or)SLC26A4 gene full coding region detection.The patients were diagnosed as homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations.At the same time,acoustic immittance,auditory brainstem response, auditory steady state response and pediatric behavior audiometry, newborn hearing screening and other audiological tests were displayed...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
B Xu, Y Chen, A Jiang, C Chen, K Wang, J Zheng, Y Fu
Objective: The next-generation sequencing technology (NGS) was used to perform genetic testing on children diagnosed with sensorineural hearing loss in outpatient clinics.The information on the status and inheritance of disease causing genes in deafness was analyzed to provide a theoretical basis for genetic counseling, prenatal diagnosis, and birth defects prevention. Method: Ninety-four cases of sensorineural deafness diagnosed by medical history, audiological examination, and imaging examination were collected in our department...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Christi M Barbee, Jessica A James, Jin Hyung Park, Emily M Smith, Carole E Johnson, Shari Clifton, Jeffrey L Danhauer
Standard audiometric evaluations are not sensitive enough to identify hidden hearing loss (HHL) and/or cochlear synaptopathy (CS). Patients with either of these conditions frequently present with difficulty understanding speech in noise or other complaints such as tinnitus. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify articles in peer-reviewed journals that assessed the sensitivity of audiologic measures for detecting HHL and/or CS, and which showed potential for use in a clinical test battery for these disorders...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
Carole E Johnson, Anna Marie Jilla, Jeffrey L Danhauer, J Connor Sullivan, Kristin R Sanchez
Little evidence is available regarding outcomes of advanced digital technology (ADT) hearing aid wearers with mild sensorineural hearing loss (MSNHL). The purpose of this article is to report the characteristics of and outcomes for this population. A cross-sectional research design was employed with 56 participants from a private practice setting. The International Outcomes Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA), Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL), and the Measure of Audiologic Rehabilitation Self-Efficacy for Hearing Aids (MARS-HA) were completed, scored, and compared with normative data...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
Anna Marie Jilla, Carole E Johnson, Jeffrey L Danhauer
Recently, President Trump signed into law the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Reauthorization Act of 2017, which included the Over-the-Counter Hearing Aid Act designed to provide greater public accessibility to and affordability of amplification for individuals with self-identified mild and moderate hearing loss through the provision of over-the-counter (OTC) hearing aids (HAs) with a direct-to-consumer (DTC) delivery model. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association and American Academy of Audiology Position Statements on OTC HAs state that these devices should only be used for adults with mild hearing losses...
May 2018: Seminars in Hearing
Jung Ju Han, Jung Mee Park, Dong Kee Kim, So Young Park, Shi Nae Park
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was performed to investigate the therapeutic effect of Valsalva maneuver on otitis media in adults and to evaluate the prognostic factors for the good response. METHODS: Thirty nine ears of 32 adult patients who were diagnosed as otitis media with effusion and managed by one-week Valsalva maneuver (>20/day) without any other medication were included in this study. Its therapeutic efficacy was evaluated and the prognostic factors which predict the response of Valsalva maneuver were analyzed by comparing various clinical and audiological factors between success and failure groups...
June 15, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Lilian Cássia Bórnia Jacob-Corteletti, Eliene Silva Araújo, Josilene Luciene Duarte, Fernanda Zucki, Kátia de Freitas Alvarenga
Purpose: The aims of the study were to examine the acoustic reflex screening and threshold in healthy neonates and those at risk of hearing loss and to determine the effect of birth weight and gestational age on acoustic stapedial reflex (ASR). Method: We assessed 18 healthy neonates (Group I) and 16 with at least 1 risk factor for hearing loss (Group II); all of them passed the transient evoked otoacoustic emission test that assessed neonatal hearing. The test battery included an acoustic reflex screening with activators of 0...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Theodore R McRackan, Joshua E Fabie, Jane A Burton, Suqrat Munawar, Meredith A Holcomb, Judy R Dubno
OBJECTIVE: Compare word recognition scores for adults undergoing cochlear implant evaluations (CIE) measured using earphones and hearing aids. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of data obtained during adult CIEs. SETTING: Tertiary cochlear implant center. PATIENTS: Two hundred eight ears in 183 subjects with greater than 10% word recognition scores measured with earphones. INTERVENTIONS/MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURED: Preoperative pure-tone thresholds and word recognition scores measured with earphones and hearing aids...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Simon D Carr, John A Rutka
INTRODUCTION: Bilateral posterior semicircular canal (PSCC) occlusion is a successful treatment of bilateral benign positional vertigo (BPV) refractory to particle repositioning manoeuvers. Little about the effects on the vestibular ocular reflex (VOR) postoperatively, which is the intent of this study. METHODS: All patients who underwent bilateral posterior canal occlusion for BPV at the University Health Network by the senior author (J.A.R.) between 2001 and 2017 with pre- and postoperative vestibular testing were included in the study...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Mohamed A Alhussaini, Renee M Banakis Hartl, Victor Benichoux, Daniel J Tollin, Herman A Jenkins, Nathaniel T Greene
HYPOTHESIS: Simulated otitis media with effusion reduces intracochlear pressures comparable to umbo velocity. BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion is a common cause of temporary hearing loss, particularly in children, producing deficits of 30 to 40 dB. Previous studies measured the effects of simulated effusion on ossicular mechanics; however, no studies have measured cochlear stimulation directly. Here, we compare pressures in the scala vestibuli and tympani to umbo velocity, before and after induction of simulated effusion in cadaveric human specimens...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Daniel Q Sun, C Blake Sullivan, Raymund W Kung, Megan Asklof, Marlan R Hansen, Bruce J Gantz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between signal changes during intraoperative audiologic monitoring and postoperative audiometric outcome in patients undergoing vestibular schwannoma (VS) resection via middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Academic tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: One hundred twenty-six consecutive patients (mean age 48.6 yrs, range 16-67; mean tumor size 9...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Kyle T Fletcher, Erin M Wolf Horrell, John Ayugi, Catherine Irungu, Maria Muthoka, Liza M Creel, Cathy Lester, Matthew L Bush
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the literature regarding the natural history and rehabilitative outcomes of sensorineural hearing loss from congenital cytomegalovirus infections. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed research. Eligible studies were those containing original peer-reviewed research in English addressing either the natural history or rehabilitative outcomes of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV)...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
S Martens, I J M Dhooge, F K R Swinnen
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study involved a longitudinal analysis of the progression of hearing thresholds in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta. METHODS: Audiometric results from 36 osteogenesis imperfecta patients (age range, 6-79 years) were compared between two test times with an average interval of 4 years. Audiometric evaluation included acoustic admittance measurements, acoustic stapedial reflex measurements, pure tone audiometry and otoacoustic emissions testing...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Manjul Tripathi, Ayusman Satapathy, Ravi Bharatbhai Chauhan, Aman Batish, Sunil K Gupta
BACKGROUND: Resection of a vestibular schwannoma may result in facial paralyiss and hearing loss on the side of tumor. Authors have encountered a young female of neurofibromatosis type 2, who developed contralateral side sensorineural hearing loss immediately after resection of vestibular schwannoma.The patient regained partial hearing with a short course (2 months) of steroid therapy over 6 month. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical, audiological, intraoperative events and radiological parameters were evaluated in this case...
June 11, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Kapil Wattamwar, Z Jason Qian, Jenna Otter, Matthew J Leskowitz, Francesco F Caruana, Barbara Siedlecki, Jaclyn B Spitzer, Anil K Lalwani
Importance: In the United States, the population of individuals older than 80 years is expected to double in the next 40 years. Cardiovascular comorbidities are prevalent in this older old population, and their relationship with hearing loss has not been well characterized. Objective: To investigate the association of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related risk factors with auditory function among the older old (>80 years). Design, Setting, and Participants: Audiological data and medical records from 2001 through 2014 of 433 patients aged 80 to 106 years at an academic medical center were analyzed in 2017...
June 14, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Manuela Kobas, Myriam Bickle Graz, Anita Carmen Truttmann, Eric Giannoni, Pascal Meylan, Sandra Andrea Asner
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infections are the leading nongenetic cause of congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL); however the true impact of cCMV infections remains unknown. AIMS OF THE STUDY: (1) To identify the number of asymptomatic and symptomatic cCMV infections diagnosed between 1999 and 2014 at the Lausanne University Hospital; (2) to describe the audiological and neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants with cCMV infection; and (3) to compare clinical outcomes between infants born to mothers with primary versus nonprimary infection...
June 12, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
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