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Bryce Noblitt, Kristan P Alfonso, Margaret Adkins, Matthew L Bush
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess barriers to rehabilitation care for pediatric cochlear implant (CI) recipients. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. SETTING: Tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: Parents of children who received a CI from October 1996 to June 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Factors related to access to and barriers in audiology and speech therapy services, factors related to CI use, and performance with CI using the Parents' Evaluation of Aural/Oral Performance of Children (PEACH)...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Raja Kalaiarasi, Kamran A Syed, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Ajoy M Varghese, Mary John
Introduction Orofacial clefts are associated with middle ear diseases, but the magnitude of this problem is not generally well appreciated. The aim of this study was to describe the middle ear findings and audiological profile in children with orofacial clefts. Materials and methods Children with orofacial clefts attending plastic surgery and otorhinolaryngology departments of a tertiary hospital over one-year duration were included in this study. Ninety-six children with orofacial clefts were identified. They were categorized age-wise as zero to five years, more than five years to 10 years, and more than 10 years to 15 years...
February 8, 2018: Curēus
Alana Douglas, Rebecca J Kelly-Campbell
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the readability of published patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) designed for use in adult audiologic rehabilitation. The readability results were compared with the readability levels recommended for health information by health literacy experts. Method: Reading grade levels were calculated using the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level Formula (Flesch, 1948), Gunning Fog Index (Gunning, 1952), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (McLaughlin, 1969), and FORCAST (Caylor, Sticht, Fox, & Ford, 1973) readability formulas for 10 published PROMs...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Yvonne S Sininger, Lisa L Hunter, Deborah Hayes, Patricia A Roush, Kristin M Uhler
OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this study was to compare the predicted audiometric thresholds obtained by auditory steady state response (ASSR) and auditory brainstem response (ABR) in infants and toddlers when both techniques use optimal stimuli and detection algorithms. This information will aid in determining the basis for large discrepancies in ABR and ASSR measures found in past studies. The hypothesis was that advancements in ASSR response detection would improve (lower) thresholds and decrease discrepancies between the thresholds produced by the two techniques...
April 5, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Arne Kirkhorn Rødvik, Janne von Koss Torkildsen, Ona Bø Wie, Marit Aarvaag Storaker, Juha Tapio Silvola
Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to establish a baseline of the vowel and consonant identification scores in prelingually and postlingually deaf users of multichannel cochlear implants (CIs) tested with consonant-vowel-consonant and vowel-consonant-vowel nonsense syllables. Method: Six electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed articles reporting consonant and vowel identification scores in CI users measured by nonsense words...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Rogerio Hamerschmidt, Stephanie Sbizera Saab, Bettina Carvalho, Carolina do Carmo
Introduction  Diode laser is a new alternative in stapes surgery for otosclerosis. The present study is the first to compare the short-term results of the surgery performed using diode laser to those obtained through the conventional fenestration technique. Objective  To use audiometry to establish a comparative analysis between the functional results obtained through surgery for otosclerosis using diode laser and the conventional technique. Method  Audiometric evaluation of 12 patients submitted to stapes surgery for otosclerosis, using diode laser or conventional fenestration by needle and drills, between 2014 and 2015...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
T P Doubell, A Alsetrawi, D A S Bastawrous, M A S Bastawrous, A Daibes, A Jadalla, J W H Schnupp
The posterior auricular muscle (PAM) reflex to sounds has been used clinically to determine hearing threshold as an alternative to other audiological diagnostic measures such as the auditory brainstem response. We have shown that the PAM response is also sensitive to interaural timing differences in normally hearing adults. PAM responses were evoked by both ipsilateral/ contralateral monaural stimulation and by binaural stimulation. Introducing sound delays ipsilaterally or contralaterally decreased the PAM response amplitude and increased its latency...
2018: PloS One
Nádia Giulian de Carvalho, Thalita Ubiali, Maria Isabel Ramos do Amaral, Maria Francisca Colella Santos
INTRODUCTION: Central auditory processing screening in schoolchildren has led to debates in literature, both regarding the protocol to be used and the importance of actions aimed at prevention and promotion of auditory health. Defining effective screening procedures for central auditory processing is a challenge in Audiology. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the scientific research on central auditory processing screening and discuss the effectiveness of the procedures utilized...
March 22, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
R P He, Y Zheng
Evaluation of middle ear function in infants is the key to distinguish sensorineural hearing loss and conductive hearing loss, and acoustic immittance test is the routine audiological evaluation of middle ear function.Because of the characteristics of middle ear in infants, middle ear examination parameters of adults are not suitable for infants. This article reviewd the current multiple acoustic immittance methods for detecting middle ear function in infants, and summarized the advantages and disadvantages of these methods...
March 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Y H Li, B Liu
The early hearing loss in diabetic patients is not easy to be perceived, therefore, comprehensive and complete audiological examination is necessary. At present, hearing loss in diabetes patients characterized by high frequency decline, some of the examination for high frequency hearing loss such as speech audiometry and extended high frequency are applicated. In addition, electrophysiological techniques have also been rapidly developed in animal experiments. This review summarized the audiological characteristics in diabetes patients and progress in animal experiments, which provided the basis for early diagnosis and early treatment of hearing loss in diabetes mellitus...
March 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Asim Aslan, Gokce Tanyeri Toker, Erdogan Ozgur
According to our clinical experience, the gold standard for ossicular chain reconstruction is the incus interposition, which has shown a very low percentage of extrusion in long-term follow-up with excellent audiological outcomes (except tympanosclerosis) in our patients. There is no study using transcanal approach for type 2 tympanoplasty with incus interposition. In order to achieve success in audiological outcomes after incus interposition, the incus needs to be lightened. In addition, the removal of incus has facilitated the cleaning of pathological tissues in the middle ear...
April 2, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
Bong Jik Kim, Jin Hee Han, Hye-Rim Park, Min Young Kim, Ah Reum Kim, Seung-Ha Oh, Woong-Yang Park, Doo Yi Oh, Seungmin Lee, Byung Yoon Choi
BACKGROUND: The MYO6 gene, if altered, can cause non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) either in autosomal dominant (AD) (DFNA22) or recessive form. This study identified MYO6 variants in the cohort of Korean AD NSHL families and investigated the audiological phenotypes of DFNA22 to suggest clinical guides for the counseling of DFNA22. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study was performed on 81 AD NSHL families in two hospitals. Among them, five families (SH21, SB60, SB247, SB290, and SB305) segregating with MYO6 variant were genetically and clinically assessed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Gene Medicine
Yael Levit, Dror Mandel, Idit Matot
OBJECTIVE: Auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing is the gold-standard procedure for hearing evaluation in pediatric patients who cannot complete a behavioral hearing test. The amount of audiological information obtained depends on the quality of the patient's sleep during the test. In this retrospective database review, we aimed to assess the amount and the characteristics of the audiological information obtained in ABR testing in pediatric patients with age-appropriate sedation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on 501 consecutive ABR sedation sessions performed between January 2014 and June 2016 at the Tel Aviv Medical Center...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Marie Westergaard-Nielsen, Tine Amstrup, Jens Højberg Wanscher, Klaus Brusgaard, Lilian Bomme Ousager
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of clinical findings and audiological outcome after surgery in a Danish family with autosomal dominant facio-audio-symphalangism syndrome with stapes fixation, syndactyly and symphalangism. METHODS: Retrospective report on eight affected family members in a Danish family. Clinical investigation included X-ray, audiology and in one case video-recorded surgery. Main outcome measure was audiologic results after stapedectomy. Sanger DNA sequencing of NOG was performed on peripheral blood...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
E A van Beeck Calkoen, P Merkus, S T Goverts, J M van de Kamp, M F Mulder, E Sanchez Aliaga, E F Hensen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinically relevant abnormalities as visualized on CT and MR imaging in children with symmetric and asymmetric bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), in relation to age and the severity of hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral otology and audiology center. PATIENTS AND DIAGNOSTIC INTERVENTIONS: From January 2006 until January 2016, a total of 207 children diagnosed with symmetric and asymmetric bilateral SNHL were included...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Manuel Manrique, Ángel Ramos, Carlos de Paula Vernetta, Elisa Gil-Carcedo, Luis Lassaleta, Isabel Sanchez-Cuadrado, Juan Manuel Espinosa, Ángel Batuecas, Carlos Cenjor, María José Lavilla, Faustino Núñez, Laura Cavalle, Alicia Huarte
INTRODUCTION: In the last decade numerous hospitals have started to work with patients who are candidates for a cochlear implant (CI) and there have been numerous and relevant advances in the treatment of sensorineural hearing loss that extended the indications for cochlear implants. OBJECTIVES: To provide a guideline on cochlear implants to specialists in otorhinolaryngology, other medical specialities, health authorities and society in general. METHODS: The Scientific Committees of Otology, Otoneurology and Audiology from the Spanish Society of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery (SEORL-CCC), in a coordinated and agreed way, performed a review of the current state of CI based on the existing regulations and in the scientific publications referenced in the bibliography of the document drafted...
March 26, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Elizabeth Convery, Louise Hickson, Carly Meyer, Gitte Keidser
PURPOSE: To determine the factor structure of a clinical tool for the assessment of hearing loss self-management, and to identify predictors of the total score on the assessment and the extracted factor scores. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hearing loss self-management assessments were conducted with 62 older adults. The factor structure of the assessment was determined by exploratory factor analysis. Multiple linear regression analyses identified significant contributors to the total score and to each of the extracted factors...
March 28, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Samantha Tai, Robyn Woodward-Kron, Caitlin Barr
Purpose: Effective clinical communication is pivotal to the provision of quality hearing health care. To date, audiology students reportedly felt ill-prepared when counseling patients about their hearing impairment, yet there is a paucity of studies exploring how clinical communication is taught and learned in audiology programs. Thus, the aims of the study were (a) to explore final year audiology students' perspectives of their own clinical communication skills during an in-house university clinical placement and (b) to explore students' perceptions of their clinical communication education...
March 27, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
John B Doyle, Rohit R Raghunathan, Ilana Cellum, Gen Li, Justin S Golub
Objective To use data-logging technology to objectively track and identify predictors of hearing aid (HA) usage and aided sound exposure. Study Design Case series with planned data collection. Setting Tertiary academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Individuals with HAs between 2007 and 2016 were included (N = 431; mean, 74.6 years; 95% CI, 73.1-76.0). Data-logging technology intrinsic to new-generation HAs was enabled to track usage and sound exposure. With multivariable linear regression, age, sex, number of audiology visits, duration of audiologic follow-up, pure tone average, and HA side were assessed as predictors of usage (hours/day) and aided sound exposure (dB-hours/day; ie, "dose" of sound per day)...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Avani Jain, Sunil Samdani, Man Prakash Sharma, Vinod Meena
OBJECTIVE: (1) To compare the results of graft take-up and audiological outcome of temporalis fascia versus island cartilage graft in type 1 tympanoplasty. (2) To compare the rate of postoperative retraction of neotympanum in both. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 70 patients of ages ranging from 11 to 50 years with dry subtotal perforation. 35 underwent island cartilage tympanoplasty and 35 underwent type 1 tympanoplasty using temporalis fascia graft...
March 22, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
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