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Audiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450534/reading-behind-the-lines-the-factors-affecting-the-text-reception-threshold-in-hearing-aid-users
#1
Adriana A Zekveld, Marieke Pronk, Henrik Danielsson, Jerker Rönnberg
Purpose: The visual Text Reception Threshold (TRT) test (Zekveld et al., 2007) has been designed to assess modality-general factors relevant for speech perception in noise. In the last decade, the test has been adopted in audiology labs worldwide. The 1st aim of this study was to examine which factors best predict interindividual differences in the TRT. Second, we aimed to assess the relationships between the TRT and the speech reception thresholds (SRTs) estimated in various conditions...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450496/association-of-metabolic-syndrome-with-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#2
Su Young Jung, Haeng Seon Shim, Young Min Hah, Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Geun Yeo
Importance: Each of the 5 diagnostic criteria or factors of metabolic syndrome-hyperglycemia or type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obesity, elevated triglyceride levels, and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level-is associated with the pathophysiologic features of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). Little is known, however, about the association of metabolic syndrome, defined as the presence of at least 3 of these factors, with the prognosis of SSNHL. Objective: To evaluate the association of metabolic syndrome with the rate of recovery from SSNHL...
February 15, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449298/clinical-validation-of-a-public-health-policy-making-platform-for-hearing-loss-evotion-protocol-for-a-big-data-study
#3
Giorgos Dritsakis, Dimitris Kikidis, Nina Koloutsou, Louisa Murdin, Athanasios Bibas, Katherine Ploumidou, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque, Niels Henrik Pontoppidan, Doris-Eva Bamiou
INTRODUCTION: The holistic management of hearing loss (HL) requires an understanding of factors that predict hearing aid (HA) use and benefit beyond the acoustics of listening environments. Although several predictors have been identified, no study has explored the role of audiological, cognitive, behavioural and physiological data nor has any study collected real-time HA data. This study will collect 'big data', including retrospective HA logging data, prospective clinical data and real-time data via smart HAs, a mobile application and biosensors...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445353/validation-of-the-italian-tinnitus-questionnaire-short-form-tq-12-i-as-a-brief-test-for-the-assessment-of-tinnitus-related-distress-results-of-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study
#4
Roland Moschen, Alessandra Fioretti, Alberto Eibenstein, Eleonora Natalini, Domenico Cuda, Giuseppe Chiarella, Gerhard Rumpold, David Riedl
Objectives: The use of reliable and valid psychometric tools to assess subjectively experienced distress due to tinnitus is broadly recommended. The purpose of the study was the validation of the Italian version of Tinnitus Questionnaire 12 item short form (TQ 12-I) as a brief test for the assessment of patient reported tinnitus-related distress. Design: Cross-sectional multicenter questionnaire study. Setting: Tinnitus Center, European Hospital (Rome), the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, "Guglielmo da Saliceto" Hospital (Piacenza), and the Department of Audiology and Phoniatry, "Mater Domini" University Hospital (Catanzaro)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433479/tinnitus-services-in-the-united-kingdom-a-survey-of-patient-experiences
#5
Don McFerran, Derek J Hoare, Simon Carr, Jaydip Ray, David Stockdale
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus service provision in the United Kingdom has been investigated from the healthcare provider's perspective demonstrating considerable regional variation particularly regarding availability of psychological treatments. An audiological-based tinnitus service, however, was reportedly available for all tinnitus patients in the UK. The aim of the current study was to define and evaluate nationwide tinnitus healthcare services from the patients' viewpoint. METHODS: Secondary analyses were performed on data from a 33-item questionnaire provided by the British Tinnitus Association...
February 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429175/-middle-ear-teratoma-in-infant-report-of-three-cases-and-review-of-the-literatures
#6
Z Peng, Z X Wang, J Xie, L E Wang, Y Liu, S S Gong
Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics and therapeutic experiences of the middle ear teratoma in infants. Methods: Three cases of middle ear teratoma, from 2012-2015 in Beijing Friendship Hospital were analyzed. Results: The three cases all developed slowly and presented unilateral otorrhea and hearing loss. Otoscopy showed the granulation tissue in the external ear canal. Audiological changes varied according to the degree of severity. Imaging features showed the pocket-like occupancy lesions in the Eustachian tube area...
February 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422717/teaching-counseling-microskills-to-audiology-students-recommendations-from-professional-counseling-educators
#7
REVIEW
Kelly Beck, Jamie Kulzer
To provide the highest quality services, audiologists incorporate counseling into their professional practice. This article, written by professional counselors, highlights the distinction between services provided by professional counselors (i.e., psychotherapy) and counseling microskills used by all health and rehabilitation professionals. Effective application of counseling microskills facilitates a strong therapeutic alliance, which research shows contributes to positive therapeutic outcomes. Counseling microskills should be taught early in graduate programs, because they serve as the foundation for the therapeutic alliance and allow for more effective application of other therapeutic interventions...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422715/didactic-content-and-experiential-aging-simulation-for-developing-patient-centered-strategies-and-empathy-for-older-adults
#8
REVIEW
Carole E Johnson, Anna Marie Jilla, Jeffrey L Danhauer
The number of people over 65 years of age is increasing, and many of those individuals will have sensorineural hearing loss in addition to other chronic health conditions. Future hearing health care providers need to be sensitive to the needs of elderly patients. The purpose of this article is to describe an experiential learning curriculum used in the Doctor of Audiology program in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center. The curriculum uses simulations of sensory disorders common in the elderly to transform knowledge and active experience into patient-centered, empathetic counseling skills and strategies to use with older adults with hearing loss...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422714/counseling-in-audiology-au-d-students-perspectives-and-experiences
#9
REVIEW
John Whicker, Karen Muñoz, Jared C Schultz
Counseling in audiology is an important aspect of service delivery. How audiologists interact with patients and foster counseling relationships to help patients and families understand and live with hearing loss can impact outcomes of audiological interventions. Currently, variability exists in how graduate training programs are teaching counseling skills, and the extent to which counseling skills development is supported in clinical experiences is unclear. This article seeks to explore the perspectives related to the importance of counseling and counseling training experiences received through clinical instruction of Au...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422713/teaching-patient-centered-counseling-skills-for-assessment-diagnosis-and-management-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#10
REVIEW
Anna Marie Jilla, Richard A Roberts, Carole E Johnson
Audiologists are an integral part of the management of those with dizziness and vestibular disorders. However, little research has been performed on counseling approaches for patients who present with dizziness as a primary concern. Accordingly, it is important that audiology students are provided with didactic and experiential learning opportunities for the assessment, diagnosis, and management of this population. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common vestibular disorder among adults. Doctor of Audiology students, at a minimum, should be provided with learning opportunities for counseling patients with this particular disorder...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422712/performance-feedback-to-increase-use-of-counseling-skills
#11
REVIEW
Jalin K Finai, Karen Muñoz, Clarissa W Ong, Grayson M Butcher, Lauri Nelson, Michael P Twohig
Counseling is a critical component of audiological care and when implemented purposefully can yield multiple benefits for patients. Professional guidelines indicate that counseling is within the scope of practice for audiologists, yet research has shown that audiologists feel unprepared and are not comfortable providing adjustment counseling. This may be due to inadequate counseling training in audiology graduate programs. To identify ways to address this counseling training gap, this study examined the use of performance feedback to increase counseling skills among audiology graduate students...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422711/opportunities-for-audiologists-to-use-patient-centered-communication-during-hearing-device-monitoring-encounters
#12
REVIEW
Corinne K Coleman, Karen Muñoz, Clarissa W Ong, Grayson M Butcher, Lauri Nelson, Michael Twohig
Patient-centered care incorporates patient's priorities, values, and goals. Audiologists can increase patient engagement when they use patient-centered principles during communication. Recent research, however, has revealed counseling gaps in audiology that could be detrimental to the intervention process. The present study sought to understand the extent patient-centered communication strategies were used during hearing device monitoring visits by analyzing audio recordings. Counseling portions of the appointments were transcribed using conversation analysis...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422709/counseling-skill-development-in-audiology-clinical-instruction-considerations
#13
REVIEW
Karen Muñoz
Audiologists play a critical role in supporting patients as they provide diagnostic information about their hearing and in the delivery of treatment services. Graduate training related to counseling, however, varies among programs in the extent students are prepared to engage effectively and intentionally with patients. Instruction is needed to provide students with a framework that supports their ability to learn and implement evidence-based counseling services. This article addresses the impact patients can experience when counseling gaps exist, shares clinical instruction strategies that can support students' acquisition of counseling skills, and discusses considerations for integration of counseling education into graduate training programs...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422707/why-and-how-should-graduate-students-in-audiology-be-taught-and-trained-in-counseling
#14
Robert W Sweetow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415588/proportion-and-characteristics-of-patients-who-were-offered-enrolled-in-and-completed-audiologist-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-tinnitus-and-hyperacusis-rehabilitation-in-a-specialist-uk-clinic
#15
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the proportion and characteristics of patients who were offered, enrolled in and completed an audiologist-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme for tinnitus and/or hyperacusis in a specialist Audiology Department in the National Health Service, UK. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. STUDY SAMPLE: Data were gathered for 266 consecutive patients with an average age of 56 y (standard deviation =15 y)...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404977/drug-induced-ototoxicity-diagnosis-and-monitoring
#16
REVIEW
Kathleen C M Campbell, Colleen G Le Prell
Ototoxicity diagnosis and management has historically been approached using a variety of methods. However, in recent years a consensus on useful and practical approaches has been developed through clinical guidelines of the American Speech Language Hearing Association, the American Academy of Audiology, and multiple clinical trials published in peer-reviewed literature. Some of the guidelines and approaches are used to detect and monitor ototoxicity, while others are used to grade adverse events. Some of the audiologic measures are primary, while others are adjunct measures and may be tailored to the specific needs of the patient or clinical trial...
February 6, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401065/cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-in-hypoglossal-nerve-schwannoma-a-case-report
#17
Aravind Kumar Rajasekaran, Amey Rajan Savardekar, Nagaraja Rao Shivashankar
BACKGROUND: Schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve is rare. This case report documents an atypical abnormality of the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) in a patient with schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve. The observed abnormality was attributed to the proximity of the hypoglossal nerve to the spinal accessory nerve in the medullary cistern and base of the skull. PURPOSE: To report cVEMP abnormality in a patient with hypoglossal nerve schwannoma and provide an anatomical correlation for this abnormality...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397946/the-audiology-of-otosclerosis
#18
REVIEW
Ali A Danesh, Navid Shahnaz, James W Hall
Diagnostic audiologic procedures for otosclerosis are effective tools in identifying this condition. Audiometric data usually demonstrate a conductive hearing loss at the early stages of otosclerosis. Modern middle ear analysis procedures are becoming more popular in the better diagnosis of otosclerosis. In clinical practice, cochlear otosclerosis can also be observed. Audiologic rehabilitation of otosclerosis includes fitting of hearing aids and implantable hearing devices. Current hearing technology enables patients who do not pursue surgical correction to function well and significantly improve their communication and quality of life...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383378/counseling-issues-addressing-behavioral-and-emotional-considerations-in-the-treatment-of-communication-disorders
#19
Aaron Lieberman
Purpose: Counseling is an important fundamental professional activity and an established component of the speech-language pathology/audiology scope of practice as documented by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2004a, 2016a). Appropriate incorporation of counseling into practice can optimize service provision, help address comorbid behavioral and emotional reactions to communication disorders, and enhance prognosis. Practitioner insecurity in incorporating counseling into practice has been documented by Phillips and Mendel (2008), as well as Atkins (2007)...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382611/novel-variant-in-sp7-osx-associated-with-recessive-osteogenesis-imperfecta-with-bone-fragility-and-hearing-impairment
#20
Melissa Fiscaletti, Andrew Biggin, Bruce Bennetts, Karen Wong, Julie Briody, Verity Pacey, Catherine Birman, Craig F Munns
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a connective tissue disorder characterized by low bone density and recurrent fractures with a wide genotypic and phenotypic spectrum. Common features include short stature, opalescent teeth, blue sclerae and hearing impairment. The majority (>90%) of patients with OI have autosomal dominant variants in COL1A1/COL1A2, which lead to defects in type 1 collagen. More recently, numerous recessive variants involving other genes have also been identified. Sp7/Osx gene, is a protein coding gene that encodes a zinc finger transcription factor, osterix, which is a member of the Sp subfamily of sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins...
January 27, 2018: Bone
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