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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543629/epidemiology-and-predisposing-factors-for-erythema-toxicum-neonatorum-and-transient-neonatal-pustular-a-multicenter-study
#1
Flávia Pereira Reginatto, Fernanda Mello Muller, Juliano Peruzzo, Tania Ferreira Cestari
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Erythema toxicum neonatorum (ETN) and transient neonatal pustular melanosis (TNPM) are benign pustular skin conditions that are relatively common in newborns, but the predisposing factors for these conditions are unknown. Our goal was to verify the prevalence of ETN and TNPM and their predisposing factors in a large sample of neonates. METHODS: In this prospective 1-year multicenter study, 2,831 neonates (age ≤72 hours) born in southern Brazil were randomized to undergo skin examination by a dermatologist...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542664/-vertical-transmission-of-chikungunya-virus-infection-case-report
#2
Sara E Cardona-Correa, Lina María Castaño-Jaramillo, Augusto Quevedo-Vélez
Chikungunya virus infection is a disease transmitted by vectors, in which vertical transmission was described in years 2005-2006. An infection rate up to 49% in neonates born from mothers with active viremia during labor has been observed. Perinatal infection could results in serious complications and potential cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE: To describe a newborn with Chikungunya virus infection secundary to vertical transmission. Clínical case: A female newborn is analyzed. She presented with fever and exanthema during her first week of life, elevation of transaminases and thrombocytopenia...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542663/-periorbital-pallor-post-application-of-mydriatic-in-infants-with-hydrocephalus-associated-to-systemic-effects
#3
Jorge Luis Alvarado Socarras, Sandra Consuelo Rodríguez
Adequate pupil dilation is needed to evaluate some neonates at risk of developing illness during this stage. However, this procedure is not free of adverse effects, either local or systemic. One of these complications is the local vasoconstriction of the preterm baby’s skin following the application of mydriatic eye drops. OBJECTIVE: To describe secondary local and systemic complications of pharmacological pupil dilation in 2 newborns. Clinical case 1: Full term baby with diagnosis of low-birth weight and hydrocephalia...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540612/clival-canal-and-clival-foramen-development-in-the-fetal-and-infant-basioccipital
#4
Matthew J Zdilla
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research regarding both the development and the prevalence of the clival canal or clival foramen in fetuses. Reports that have examined child and adult populations have posited ideas for the development of the canal and foramen; however, they have done so in the absence of anatomical data from the fetal population. Therefore, the present study was performed to elucidate the development of the clival canal and foramen through the assessment of perinatal basioccipitals...
May 24, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540520/the-pubo-femoral-distance-decreases-with-pavlik-harness-treatment-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-newborns
#5
Daniel Augusto Maranho, Felipe Nunes Donati, Vitor Faeda Dalto, Marcello Henrique Nogueira-Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evolution of the ultrasonographic pubo-femoral distance (PFD) before and after Pavlik harness treatment for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in newborns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients (16.7 ± 10.4 days; 19 females, six males) diagnosed with DDH and treated using the Pavlik harness were included. Eighteen patients had bilateral, and seven unilateral DDH, with a total of 43 dysplastic hips. The seven non-dysplastic hips in unilateral cases were used for comparison...
May 24, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538795/neonatal-near-miss-and-mortality-factors-associated-with-life-threatening-conditions-in-newborns-at-six-public-maternity-hospitals-in-southeast-brazil
#6
Pauline Lorena Kale, Maria Helena Prado de Mello-Jorge, Kátia Silveira da Silva, Sandra Costa Fonseca
We aimed to evaluate factors associated with cases of neonatal near miss and neonatal deaths at six public maternity hospitals in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro States, Brazil, in 2011. A prospective hospital-based birth cohort investigated these outcomes among live births with life-threatening conditions. Associations were tested using multinomial logistic regression models with hierarchical levels. High rates of near miss were observed for maternal syphilis (52.2‰ live births) and lack of prenatal care (80...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536213/non-surgical-treatment-of-a-relapsed-cystic-hygroma-in-an-adult
#7
Rafael García Carretero, Belen Rodriguez-Maya, Oscar Vazquez-Gomez
Lymphatic malformations, also known as lymphangiomas or cystic hygromas, are benign masses that typically affect newborns and infants and involve the head and neck regions. They are, however, rare in adults and even rarer in the axillary region. Although surgery is considered to be the treatment of choice, we present a rare case of a recurrent cystic hygroma 32 years after the first surgical operation. Due to the cosmetic concerns and the risks of a surgical approach, non-surgical therapy with percutaneous sclerosants was performed, with a good outcome after a 2-year follow-up period...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532720/the-dietary-composition-of-women-who-delivered-preterm-and-full-term-infants
#8
Wioletta Waksmańska, Rafał Bobiński, Izabela Ulman-Włodarz, Anna Pielesz, Monika Mikulska
OBJECTIVES: Literature data show that excess and primary deficiency in particular nutrients, vitamins and minerals may lead to pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, hypertension and neural tube defects in the foetus. The aim of the study was to determine differences in average daily consumption of selected nutrients during pregnancy in women who did not supplement their diet and to evaluate the influence of dietary habits on the occurrence of pre-term delivery and hypertension in pregnant women...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530325/-diversity-in-product-selection-and-thresholds-for-platelets-transfusion-in-neonates-and-premature-infants
#9
Shraga Aviner, Ornit Cohen, Faid El-Ubra, Vered Yahalom, Haim Bibi, Shmuel Zangen
INTRODUCTION: Many premature and full-term newborns receive prophylactic platelet transfusions to prevent bleeding, particularly the most prevalent one, i.e, intracranial hemorrhages. However, the platelet count threshold above which bleeding is prevented and the efficacy of platelet transfusion in thrombocytopenic neonates, have yet to be established. Therefore, inter-Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) variations in treatment indications and practices are expected. Considerable inter-NICU variations will emphasize the need for guidelines on platelet transfusions to neonates and premature infants...
August 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530139/sacrococcygeal-teratomas-in-newborns-a-comprehensive-review-for-the-radiologists
#10
Hee Mang Yoon, Sun-Ju Byeon, Jae-Yeon Hwang, Jeong Rye Kim, Ah Young Jung, Jin Seong Lee, Hye-Kyung Yoon, Young Ah Cho
Sacrococcygeal teratomas are the most common solid tumor in newborn infants. The diagnosis is not difficult in many cases; however, there should be additional information on imaging studies in order to manage those infants properly. Details include histology, morphologic classification, complications such as rupture, bleeding, and mass effects on the adjacent structures. Although imaging features cannot accurately predict the histologic subtypes of the tumors, thorough evaluation of the imaging features can help distinguish malignant tumors from benign tumors...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530086/-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-in-twin-gestations-does-it-increase-maternal-or-neonatal-complications
#11
Hagit Diamant, Rania Okby, Majdi Imterat, Ruslan Sergienko, Eyal Sheiner
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the rate, success and pregnancy outcome following a trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) in twin gestations. Study design: A retrospective study including all twin pregnancies with a single prior cesarean delivery between the years 2006 to 2011 was performed. Women with medical indications for cesarean delivery (CD) were excluded. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between women who delivered by CD to those who underwent TOLAC. Stratified analysis using a multiple logistic regression model was performed to control for confounders...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529889/a-surviving-24-month-old-patient-with-neonatal-onset-carnitine-palmitoyltransferase-ii-deficiency
#12
Naohiro Ikeda, Shinsuke Maruyama, Kanna Nakano, Ryo Imakiire, Yumiko Ninomiya, Shunji Seki, Kosuke Yanagimoto, Yasuyuki Kakihana, Keiichi Hara, Go Tajima, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Yoshifumi Kawano
The early-onset form of carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) II deficiency has severe outcomes; patients typically die during the newborn period. We report a case of neonatal-onset CPT II deficiency with prolonged survival, exceeding 24 months. The patient was successfully treated by continuous hemodialysis (CHD), which enabled her to overcome repeated crises. We suggest that early intensive treatment, including CHD, is a key for prolonged survival in patients with neonatal-onset CPT II deficiency.
June 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528802/symptomatic-dengue-infection-during-pregnancy-and-livebirth-outcomes-in-brazil-2007-13-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#13
Laura B Nascimento, Cláudio M Siqueira, Giovanini E Coelho, João B Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a major public health challenge in Brazil. We assessed the relationship between symptomatic dengue infection during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes in the country between 2007 and 2013. METHODS: We did a retrospective observational cohort study using information reported in the Brazilian national reportable disease information system (SINAN) and the livebirth information system (SINASC) databases. We probabilistically linked confirmed dengue-positive and dengue-negative pregnancies with live childbirths using Fine-Grained Record Integration and Linkage (FRIL) software...
May 18, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528056/esophageal-bronchus
#14
Raghav Murthy, John Lamberti, Nicholas Saenz
Communicating bronchopulmonary foregut malformations are uncommon anomalies. This report describes a case of "esophageal bronchus" managed successfully in a newborn with a nearly total pneumonectomy.
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527270/-effect-of-antenatal-spiramycin-treatment-on-the-frequency-of-retinochoroiditis-due-to-congenital-toxoplasmosis-in-a-colombian-cohort
#15
Liliana María Zuluaga, John Camilo Hernández, Carlos Felipe Castaño, Jorge Hernando Donado
INTRODUCTION: Gestational toxoplasmosis is frequent and severe. There is still debate about the benefits of treatment against ocular manifestations in the newborn. Spiramycin treatment is used for this purpose, unfortunately prenatal diagnosis is sometimes delayed and pregnant women are not treated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between treatment with spiramycin during pregnancy in mothers with gestational toxoplasmosis and development of ocular toxoplasmosis in newborns...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527266/-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-perinatal-asphyxia-in-neonates-at-the-hospital-universitario-del-valle-cali-colombia-2010-2011
#16
Javier Torres-Muñoz, Christian Rojas, Diana Mendoza-Urbano, Darly Marín-Cuero, Sandra Orobio, Carlos Echandía
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal asphyxia is one of the main causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide and it generates high costs for health systems; however, it has modifiable risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors associated with the development of perinatal asphyxia in newborns at Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Incident cases and concurrent controls were examined. Cases were defined as newborns with moderate to severe perinatal asphyxia who were older than or equal to 36 weeks of gestational age, needed advanced resuscitation and presented one of the following: early neurological disorders, multi-organ commitment or a sentinel event...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526433/risk-of-low-birth-weight-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-neonates-from-mothers-after-gastric-bypass-a-case-control-study
#17
Geraldine Gascoin, Maxime Gerard, Agnès Sallé, Guillaume Becouarn, Stephanie Rouleau, Loïc Sentilhes, Régis Coutant
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of small-for-gestational-age infants after maternal bariatric surgery has been shown. The risk of micronutrients deficiencies in these neonates is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To screen for micronutrients deficiencies in newborns of mothers with gastric bypass. SETTINGS: University hospital in Angers, France. METHODS: This study compared the clinical and cord blood biological characteristics of 56 newborns of mothers with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 56 newborns of nonobese healthy mothers after normal pregnancy (controls), followed between January 3, 2008 and October 31, 2012...
March 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525974/pancreas-and-gallbladder-agenesis-in-a-newborn-with-semilobar-holoprosencephaly-a-case-report
#18
Robert Hilbrands, Kathelijn Keymolen, Alex Michotte, Miriam Marichal, Filip Cools, Anieta Goossens, Peter In't Veld, Jean De Schepper, Andrew Hattersley, Harry Heimberg
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic agenesis is an extremely rare cause of neonatal diabetes mellitus and has enabled the discovery of several key transcription factors essential for normal pancreas and beta cell development. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a Caucasian female with complete pancreatic agenesis occurring together with semilobar holoprosencephaly (HPE), a more common brain developmental disorder. Clinical findings were later confirmed by autopsy, which also identified agenesis of the gallbladder...
May 19, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525510/zika-virus-obstetric-and-pediatric-anesthesia-considerations
#19
Jacqueline L Tutiven, Benjamin T Pruden, James S Banks, Mario Stevenson, David J Birnbach
As of November 2016, the Florida Department of Health (FDH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have confirmed more than 4000 travel-related Zika virus (ZIKV) infections in the United States with >700 of those in Florida. There have been 139 cases of locally acquired infection, all occurring in Miami, Florida. Within the US territories (eg, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands), >30,000 cases of ZIKV infection have been reported. The projected number of individuals at risk for ZIKV infection in the Caribbean and Latin America approximates 5 million...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524786/variation-in-management-of-in-hospital-newborn-falls-a-single-center-experience
#20
Doron J Kahn, Paul D Fisher, Dean A Hertzler
OBJECTIVE There are only 3 small case series in the literature that report on the management of in-hospital newborn falls (NFs), and recommendations are unclear. The authors performed a retrospective review to determine outcome and differences in management and to understand why management of NFs varies at their institution. METHODS All NFs occurring within the authors' institution over a 3.5-year period were reviewed. Post-fall management and outcomes of each incident were compared. RESULTS There were 24 NFs out of 40,349 deliveries (5...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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