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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217892/bowel-migration-of-dormant-chronic-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-a-vexed-problem-not-avoided-by-flushing
#1
P Vincent, J Gopinathan, R Narayanan
Delayed bowel erosion by peritoneal dialysis catheter is rare with fewer than thirty cases having been reported in the literature. This complication is usually encountered when the catheter is kept dormant. Two cases have also been reported with catheters in active use. The risk factors for bowel erosion include immunosuppression, diverticulosis, and amyloidosis. An 80-year-old male with chronic kidney disease Stage 5 due to hypertensive nephrosclerosis underwent chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205164/genital-reconstruction-with-integra%C3%A2-artificial-dermis-after-radical-resection-in-a-boy-with-diffuse-lymphangiomatosis
#2
Ana Rosa Tardáguila Calvo, José María Angulo Madero, Alberto Parente, Rosa María Romero, Susana Rivas
OBJECTIVE: Lymphangiomatosis is a rare disease affecting lymphatic vessels that causes a marked increase of them in the affected area. The final objective of treatment of the genital disease is to preserve sexual function and voiding with a satisfactory aesthetic result with the aim to minimize the emotional impact. METHODS: For the first time in children, we report a case of local reconstruction using artificial dermis after the excision of a genital lymphatic malformation in an eight year old patient...
December 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203628/predicting-out-of-office-blood-pressure-in-the-clinic-for-the-diagnosis-of-hypertension-in-primary-care-an-economic-evaluation
#3
Mark Monahan, Sue Jowett, Kate Lovibond, Paramjit Gill, Marshall Godwin, Sheila Greenfield, Janet Hanley, F D Richard Hobbs, Una Martin, Jonathan Mant, Brian McKinstry, Bryan Williams, James P Sheppard, Richard J McManus
Clinical guidelines in the United States and United Kingdom recommend that individuals with suspected hypertension should have ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring to confirm the diagnosis. This approach reduces misdiagnosis because of white coat hypertension but will not identify people with masked hypertension who may benefit from treatment. The Predicting Out-of-Office Blood Pressure (PROOF-BP) algorithm predicts masked and white coat hypertension based on patient characteristics and clinic BP, improving the accuracy of diagnosis while limiting subsequent ambulatory BP monitoring...
December 4, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200371/comparison-of-anesthesia-for-dental-oral-surgery-by-office-based-dentist-anesthesiologists-versus-operating-room-based-physician-anesthesiologists
#4
Mark A Saxen, Richard D Urman, Juan F Yepes, Rodney A Gabriel, James E Jones
Few studies have examined the practice characteristics of dentist anesthesiologists and compared them to other anesthesia providers. Using outcomes from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry and the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry for dental/oral surgery procedures, we compared 7133 predominantly office-based anesthetics by dentist anesthesiologists to 106,420 predominantly operating room anesthetics performed by physician anesthesia providers. These encounters were contrasted with 34,191 previously published encounters from the practices of oral and maxillofacial surgeons...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197103/long-term-variability-of-sleep-bruxism-and-psychological-stress-in-patients-with-jaw-muscle-pain-report-of-two-longitudinal-clinical-cases
#5
Konstantin Muzalev, Corine M Visscher, Michail Koutris, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) and psychological stress are commonly considered as contributing factors in the etiology of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain. However the lack of longitudinal studies and fluctuating nature of SB, psychological stress and TMD-pain have led to contradictory results regarding the association between the possible etiological factors and TMD-pain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of SB and psychological stress to TMD-pain in a longitudinal study of two clinical TMD-pain cases during a 6-week study-protocol...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192955/epidemiology-of-dyslipidemia-in-professional-drivers-results-of-racer-abpm-risk-of-adverse-cardiovascular-events-among-professional-drivers-in-poland-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-study
#6
Bartosz Krzowski, Anna E Płatek, Filip M Szymanski, Anna Ryś, Karolina Semczuk-Kaczmarek, Karolina Adamkiewicz, Marcin Kotkowski, Krzysztof J Filipiak
BACKGROUND: Professional drivers are a group exposed to many cardiovascular risk factors. Non-systematic working hours, prolonged stress, low physical activity, along with irregular, in most cases, unhealthy meals are common aspects of the normal working schedule of most of the professional drivers. These translate into high risk of cardiovascular disease. AIM: The aim of the current analysis was to establish the prevalence of dyslipidaemia in a group of continuous professional drivers...
December 1, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190731/newly-identified-risk-factors-for-mrsa-carriage-in-the-netherlands
#7
W S N Lekkerkerk, A Haenen, M A B van der Sande, T Leenstra, S de Greeff, A Timen, A Tjon-A-Tsien, J H Richardus, N van de Sande-Bruinsma, M C Vos
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate new risk factors for MRSA carriers without known risk factors (MRSA of unknown origin; MUO). These MUO carriers are neither pre-emptively screened nor isolated as normally dictated by the Dutch Search & Destroy policy, thus resulting in policy failure. METHODS: We performed a prospective case control study to determine risk factors for MUO acquisition/carriage (Dutch Trial Register: NTR2041). Cases were MUO carriers reported by participating medical microbiological laboratories to the RIVM from September 1st 2011 until September 1st 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189439/leading-causes-of-anesthesia-related-liability-claims-in-ambulatory-surgery-centers
#8
Darrell Ranum, Anair Beverly, Fred E Shapiro, Richard D Urman
OBJECTIVE: We present a contemporary analysis of patient injury, allegations, and contributing factors of anesthesia-related closed claims, which involved cases that specifically occurred in free-standing ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs). METHODS: We examined ASC-closed claims data between 2007 and 2014 from The Doctors Company, a medical malpractice insurer. Findings were coded using the Comprehensive Risk Intelligence Tool developed by CRICO Strategies. We compared coded data from ASC claims with hospital operating room (HOR) claims, in terms of injury severity category, nature of injury, nature of allegation, contributing factors identified, and contributing comorbidities and claim value...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174250/assessment-of-right-ventriclular-systolic-function-prior-to-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-does-it-make-any-difference
#9
Mohamed A Abdelhamid, Mazen T Ghanem, Ayman M Abdelmotaleb
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment for patients with advanced heart failure (HF). Nearly 30% of candidates are inadequate responders. The benefit of patients with right sided heart failure from CRT is still a matter of debate. We examined the effect of CRT on right ventricular (RV) dimensions and overall systolic function and whether RV function prior to CRT could have an impact on CRT response. METHODS: 94 patients with a mean age of 53...
November 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174185/specific-motor-patterns-of-arousal-disorders-in-adults-a%C3%A2-video-polysomnographic-analysis-of-184-episodes
#10
Giuseppe Loddo, Elisa Sessagesimi, Francesco Mignani, Fabio Cirignotta, Susanna Mondini, Laura Licchetta, Francesca Bisulli, Paolo Tinuper, Federica Provini
OBJECTIVE: To compile an objective accurate description of the motor patterns of adult arousal disorders (ADs). METHODS: We reviewed 59 nocturnal video-polysomnographic (VPSG) recordings of 30 adult patients (>15 years) with a history of sleepwalking (SW). We scrutinized the semeiology of all 184 episodes recorded, classifying them into three groups according to three semeiological motor patterns characterized by increasing intensity and complexity: simple arousal movements (pattern I), characterized by head flexion/extension, head flexion/extension and limb movement or head flexion/extension and partial trunk flexion/extension; rising arousal movements (pattern II), characterized by a complete trunk flexion with patient sitting up in bed; and complex arousal with ambulatory movements (pattern III) characterized by SW...
October 7, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170304/7%C3%A2-mass-casualty-incidents-a-review-of-triage-severity-planning-assumptions
#11
Paul Hunt
BACKGROUND: Recent events involving a significant number of casualties have emphasised the importance of appropriate preparation for receiving hospitals, especially Emergency Departments, during the initial response phase of a major incident. Development of a mass casualty resilience and response framework in the Northern Trauma Network included a review of existing planning assumptions in order to ensure effective resource allocation, both in local receiving hospitals and system-wide...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166717/-left-atrial-appendage-volume-is-a-valuable-predictor-of-atrial-fibrillation-recurrence-after-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation
#12
G A Zheng, C Y Lin, L Weng, J D Chen
Objective: To investigate the association between the left atrial appendage (LAA) volume and atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after radiofrequency catheter ablation. Methods: We prospectively enrolled sixty-two patients with AF (40 cases with paroxysmal AF, 22 cases with persistent AF) who successfully underwent a first AF catheter ablation and had performed contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomography (CT) prior to the procedure to measure LAA volumes in our hospital from January 2012 to August 2015. Circumferential pulmonary vein isolation was performed under the guidance of three-dimension mapping system (CARTO system)...
November 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163185/orthostatic-intolerance-in-older-persons-etiology-and-countermeasures
#13
REVIEW
Nandu Goswami, Andrew P Blaber, Helmut Hinghofer-Szalkay, Jean-Pierre Montani
Orthostatic challenge produced by upright posture may lead to syncope if the cardiovascular system is unable to maintain adequate brain perfusion. This review outlines orthostatic intolerance related to the aging process, long-term bedrest confinement, drugs, and disease. Aging-associated illness or injury due to falls often leads to hospitalization. Older patients spend up to 83% of hospital admission lying in bed and thus the consequences of bedrest confinement such as physiological deconditioning, functional decline, and orthostatic intolerance represent a central challenge in the care of the vulnerable older population...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160506/treatment-adherence-in-patients-living-with-hiv-aids-assisted-at-a-specialized-facility-in-brazil
#14
Simone Miyada, Artênio José Ísper Garbin, Renata Colturato Joaquim Gatto, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin
INTRODUCTION: In the 1990s, Brazil adopted a public policy that allowed for universal, free access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Since then, treatment adherence has become a new challenge for administrators of sexually transmitted disease/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDS) policies. This study quantified adherence to ART and verified whether there is an association between sociodemographic variables and clinical/laboratory data in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160209/de-novo-absence-status-epilepticus-of-late-onset-dnaslo-precipitated-by-oral-treatment-with-cefuroxime-description-of-an-ambulatory-case
#15
José L Fernández-Torre, Alicia Paramio-Paz, Anjana López-Delgado, María Martín-García, Isabel González-Aramburu, Miguel A Hernández-Hernández
We describe the case of an elderly woman with an episode of ambulatory de novo absence status epilepticus of late onset (DNASLO) after oral treatment with cefuroxime. A high level of suspicion of DNASLO in cases of unexplained confusion in adults or elderly subjects taking cephalosporins is essential to prompt an emergency EEG and, in turn, rapidly achieve an appropriate diagnosis and enable optimal treatment.
November 21, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159751/septal-and-turbinate-surgery-is-overnight-essential
#16
Ana Sousa Menezes, Joana R Guimarães, Miguel Breda, Vicente Vieira, Luís Dias
INTRODUCTION: The performance of septoplasty and turbinate surgery in an outpatient basis is an increasingly established practice, although is still a controversial topic. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 227 patients who underwent septoplasty ± inferior and/or middle turbinoplasty. Demographic, clinical, surgical, and anesthetic data were collected. Our primary outcomes were rates of perioperative complications, prolongation of hospital stay (PHS), unexpected hospital revisits (UHR), or readmissions within 30 days of surgery...
November 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155688/characteristics-of-visits-to-primary-care-physicians-by-adults-diagnosed-with-hypertension
#17
Jill J Ashman, Pinyao Rui, Susan M Schappert, Alexander Strashny
Objective-This report describes the demographic, state, and regional differences in hypertension control and pharmaceutical treatment among visits to primary care physicians made by hypertensive adults during 2013-2014. Methods-Data are from the 2013-2014 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), a nationally representative survey of visits to nonfederal, office-based physicians. The sample design for the 2013-2014 NAMCS included oversampling in selected states. Estimates are provided for the 18 states oversampled in both years...
September 2017: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155340/ambulatory-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-revision-surgery-and-perioperative-complications-an-analysis-of-a-large-nationwide-database
#18
Armin Arshi, Christopher Wang, Howard Y Park, Gideon W Blumstein, Zorica Buser, Jeffrey C Wang, Arya N Shamie, Don Y Park
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: With the changing landscape of healthcare, outpatient spine surgery is being more commonly performed to reduce cost and improve efficiency. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is one of the most common spine surgeries performed and demand is expected to increase with an aging population. PURPOSE: To determine the nationwide trends and relative complication rates associated with outpatient ACDF. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Large-scale retrospective case control study PATIENT SAMPLE: Humana-insured patients who underwent 1-2 level ACDF as either outpatients or inpatients from 2011-2016 OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence and adjusted odds ratio (OR) of postoperative medical and surgical complications within one year of the index surgery METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of the PearlDiver® Humana insurance records database to identify patients undergoing 1-2 level ACDF (CPT-22551 AND ICD-9-816...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151046/the-association-between-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-disease-and-subsequent-rheumatoid-arthritis-occurrence-a-nested-case-control-study-from-taiwan
#19
Herng-Ching Lin, Sudha Xirasagar, Cha-Ze Lee, Chung-Chien Huang, Chao-Hung Chen
OBJECTIVE: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common comorbidity among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). While GORD has been attributed to the antirheumatic medications, no studies of human cohorts have investigated a link between GORD and RA. This study investigates whether GORD is associated with a subsequent RA diagnosis over a 5-year follow-up using a population-based dataset. SETTING: Taiwan PARTICIPANTS: We used data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148356/specialization-as-an-organizing-principle-the-case-of-ambulatory-surgery-centers
#20
Kathleen Carey, Jean M Mitchell
Ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) recently have grown to become the dominant provider of specific surgical procedures in the United States. While the majority of ASCs focus primarily on a single specialty, many have diversified to offer a wide range of surgical specialties. We exploited a unique data set from Pennsylvania for the years 2004 to 2014 to conduct an empirical investigation of the relative cost of production in ASCs over varying degrees of specialization. We found that for the majority of ASCs, focus on a specialty was associated with lower facility costs...
August 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
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