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Gi endoscopy and gi procedures

Rachel S Kennedy, Rebecca A Starker, Kelly A Feldman, Jun Tashiro, Eduardo A Perez, Fernando G Mendoza, Juan E Sola
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In pediatric cases of ingested foreign bodies, gastrointestinal foreign bodies (GIFB) have distinct factors contributing to longer and more costly hospitalizations. METHODS: Patients admitted with ingested foreign bodies were identified in the Kids' Inpatient Database (1997-2009). RESULTS: Overall, 7480 cases were identified. Patients were most commonly <5years of age (44%), male (54%), and Caucasian (57%). A total of 2506 procedures were performed, GI surgical procedures (57%) most frequently, followed by GI endoscopy (24%), esophagoscopy (11%), and bronchoscopy - in cases of inhaled objects (9%)...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Rinaldo Pellicano, Sharmila Fagoonee, Fiorella Altruda, Mauro Bruno, Giorgio M Saracco, Claudio De Angelis
Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are a heterogeneous group of tumors deriving from the gastrointestinal (GI) neuroendocrine system. Since these neoplasms are usually very small, located deeply within the retroperitoneum or into an extramucosal site of the GI tract and, lastly, because they may be multi-sited, radiological imaging modalities, in combination with endoscopy, are the diagnostic workhorses in patients with GEP-NETs. Endoscopic approach is useful for detection, bioptic diagnosis and curative resection of small GEP-NETs of stomach, duodenum, jejuno-ileum, and colon-rectum...
December 2016: Minerva Endocrinologica
Gianfranco Donatelli, Fabrizio Cereatti, Parag Dhumane, Bertrand Marie Vergeau, Thierry Tuszynski, Christian Marie, Jean-Loup Dumont, Bruno Meduri
BACKGROUND: The Over-The-Scope Clip (OTSC®, Ovesco Endoscopy GmbH, Tübingen, Germany) is an innovative clipping device that provides a strong tissue grasp and compression without provoking ischemia or laceration. In this retrospective study we evaluated immediate and long-term success rates of OTSC deployment in various pathologies of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. METHODS: A total of 45 patients (35 female, 10 male) with an average age of 56 years old (range, 24-90 years) were treated with an OTSC for GI defects resulting from a diagnostic or interventional endoscopic procedure (acute setting group) or for fistula following abdominal surgery (chronic setting group)...
September 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Mary Tao, Eran Shlomovitz, Gail Darling, Graham Roche-Nagle
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair for thoracic aortic aneurysms is an accepted alternative to open surgery, especially in patients with significant comorbidities. The procedure itself has a low risk of complications and fistulas to surrounding organs are rarely reported. An 86-year-old patient was admitted to our hospital with gastro intestinal (GI) bleeding and a suspected aortoesophageal fistula. Eight months prior, the patient had undergone a stent graft repair of a mycotic thoracic aneurysm. Computerized tomography angiography and upper GI endoscopy confirmed an aortoesophageal fistula, which was treated by esophageal stenting...
August 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Danielle A Stamm, Elizabeth Hait, Heather J Litman, Paul D Mitchell, Christopher Duggan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence and clinical features of gastrointestinal (GI) eosinophilic inflammation among pediatric patients with intestinal failure (IF). METHODS: Medical records of all patients studied in our institution's IF program who underwent GI endoscopy over a 15-year period were reviewed, and clinical, pathologic, nutrition, and laboratory data collected. RESULTS: One hundred five patients underwent 208 GI endoscopic procedures with biopsy...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Minhua Zheng, Junjun Ma
With the development in past 20 years, the utilization of the laparoscopic surgery, which is the main trend in minimally invasive surgery for colorectal cancer, has tremendously changed. Minimally invasive surgery for colorectal cancer is now at a high level platform after going through the exploration at the very beginning and rapid development in the period of standardizing and promoting the regulations. Nowadays, the unique advantage that the laparoscopy owns is high definition and enlargement of the image, along with the establishment of the key note in series of laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision and the improvement of surgical instruments and methods make the operation skills accurate and normative in exploration of correct plane, high ligation of vessels and protection of nerve during the lymph node dissection of colorectal surgery...
August 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Colin J Rees, Siwan Thomas Gibson, Matt D Rutter, Phil Baragwanath, Rupert Pullan, Mark Feeney, Neil Haslam
Colonoscopy should be delivered by endoscopists performing high quality procedures. The British Society of Gastroenterology, the UK Joint Advisory Group on GI Endoscopy, and the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland have developed quality assurance measures and key performance indicators for the delivery of colonoscopy within the UK. This document sets minimal standards for delivery of procedures along with aspirational targets that all endoscopists should aim for.
August 16, 2016: Gut
Gian Eugenio Tontini, Felix Wiedbrauck, Flaminia Cavallaro, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Roberta Marino, Luca Pastorelli, Luisa Spina, Mark E McAlindon, Piera Leoni, Pasquale Vitagliano, Sergio Cadoni, Emanuele Rondonotti, Maurizio Vecchi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The first small-bowel video-capsule endoscopy (VCE) with 360° panoramic view has been developed recently. This new capsule has wire-free technology, 4 high-frame-rate cameras, and a long-lasting battery life. The aim of the present study was to assess the performance and safety profile of the 360° panoramic-view capsule in a large series of patients from a multicenter clinical practice setting. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing a 360° panoramic-view capsule procedure in 7 European Institutions between January 2011 and November 2015 were included...
August 8, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Paul D Collins
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has evolved to become an important tool for the non-invasive examination of the small bowel, which hitherto had been relatively inaccessible to direct visualisation. VCE has been shown to play a role in monitoring the activity of small bowel Crohn's disease and can be used to assess the response to anti-inflammatory treatment in Crohn's disease. For those patients with Crohn's disease who have undergone an intestinal resection, VCE has been assessed as a tool to detect post-operative recurrence...
July 25, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Kathryn Oakland, Richard Guy, Raman Uberoi, Frances Seeney, Gary Collins, John Grant-Casey, Neil Mortensen, Mike Murphy, Vipul Jairath
INTRODUCTION: Acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is a common indication for emergency hospitalisation worldwide. In contrast to upper GIB, patient characteristics, modes of investigation, transfusion, treatment and outcomes are poorly described. There are minimal clinical guidelines to inform care pathways and the use of endoscopy, including (diagnostic and therapeutic yields), interventional radiology and surgery are poorly defined. As a result, there is potential for wide variation in practice and clinical outcomes...
August 4, 2016: BMJ Open
Sean T McCarthy, Jennifer Jorgensen, Grace H Elta, Joseph C Kolars, Sheryl Korsnes, Valbona Metko, James Stout, Joel H Rubenstein
BACKGROUND: Trainees learn colonoscopy skills at varying speeds. We hypothesized that a fellow's ability to reliably reach the splenic flexure early in training could predict the number of procedures required to achieve competency in intubating the cecum. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. The most proximal site in the colon reached independently by GI fellows was recorded on consecutive colonoscopies. The number of procedures required to achieve splenic flexure intubation rate (SFIR) ≥ 90 % by cumulative summation learning curve and cecal intubation rate (CIR) ≥ 90 % by rolling average was calculated...
November 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Anouar Teriaky, Abdullah AlNasser, Carolyn McLean, James Gregor, Brian Yan
Background and Aims. Upper endoscopy is a valuable tool in the workup of gastrointestinal (GI) complaints. The purpose of this study is to determine cost and yield of taking biopsies in a normal upper GI tract. Methods. This is a retrospective study where all upper GI biopsies were identified between May 2012 and April 2013, at a tertiary care center. Clinical, procedural, and pathology reports were reviewed to identify patient demographics, procedure information, and pathology diagnosis. Results. Biopsies of the upper GI tract were taken in 1297 patients with normal upper endoscopies...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Darshan Kothari, Joseph D Feuerstein, Laureen Moss, Julie D'Souza, Kerri Montanaro, Daniel A Leffler, Sunil G Sheth
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Open-access scheduling is highly utilized for facilitating generally low-risk endoscopies. Preprocedural screening addresses sedation requirements; however, procedural safety may be compromised if screening is inaccurate. We sought to determine the reliability of our open-access scheduling system for appropriate use of conscious sedation. METHODS: We prospectively and consecutively enrolled outpatient procedures booked at an academic center by open-access using screening after in-office gastroenterology (GI) consultation...
July 31, 2016: Gastroenterology Report
Edwin Halliday, Anant Patel, Andrew Hindmarsh, Vijay Sujendran
Endoscopic vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) is increasingly being used as a means of managing perforations or anastomotic leaks of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Published outcomes are favourable, with few mentions of complications or morbidity. We present a case in which the management of a gastric perforation with endoscopic vacuum therapy was complicated by cervical oesophageal perforation. The case highlights the risks of such endoscopic therapeutic procedures and is the first report in the literature to describe significant visceral injury during placement of a VAC device for upper GI perforation...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Yassir Zajjari, Mouna Tamzaourte, Dina Montasser, Kawtar Hassani, Taoufiq Aatif, Driss El Kabbaj, Mohammed Benyahia
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding due to angiodysplastic lesions is a common problem among patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). We studied 22 HD patients (5 females and 17 males) who had GI bleeding due to angiodysplasia; the mean age of whom was 54 ± 10 years. All patients had upper and lower GI endoscopy. The most common site for the lesion was the right colon in seven cases (31.8%), followed by stomach in 4 cases (18.1%). In eight (36.3%) patients, there were multiple lesions located in the stomach, duodenum, and the right colon...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Martin Hohmann, R Kanawade, F Klämpfl, A Douplik, J Mudter, M F Neurath, H Albrecht
For in-vivo diagnostics of cancer and pre-cancer in the stomach, there is no endoscopic procedure offering both high sensitivity and high specificity. Our data suggest that multispectral or hyperspectral imaging may be helpful to solve this problem. It is successfully applied to the detection and analysis of easily reachable carcinomas, ex-vivo samples of hollow organ mucosal carcinomas and also histological samples. An endoscopy system which allows flexible multispectral videoendoscopy for in-vivo diagnostics has so far been unavailable...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Daijiro Higashi, Hidetoshi Katsuno, Hideaki Kimura, Kenichi Takahashi, Hiroki Ikeuchi, Toru Kono, Riichiro Nezu, Katsuyoshi Hatakeyama, Hitoshi Kameyama, Iwao Sasaki, Kouhei Fukushima, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Masato Kusunoki, Toshimitsu Araki, Kiyoshi Maeda, Shingo Kameoka, Michio Itabashi, Sayumi Nakao, Koutaro Maeda, Hiroki Ohge, Yusuke Watadani, Toshiaki Watanabe, Eiji Sunami, Masayuki Hotokezaka, Akira Sugita, Yuji Funayama, Kitaro Futami
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer of the intestinal tract (small and large intestine) associated with Crohn's disease has a low incidence but can be fatal if it develops. Thus, the key question is how to deal with this type of cancer. The current study surveyed major medical facilities that treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) surgically in Japan in order to examine the clinical features of cancer of the intestinal tract associated with Crohn's disease and explore ways to deal with this cancer in the future...
July 2016: Anticancer Research
S E van der Wiel, R Küttner Magalhães, Carla Rolanda Rocha Gonçalves, M Dinis-Ribeiro, M J Bruno, A D Koch
Simulator-based gastrointestinal endoscopy training has gained acceptance over the last decades and has been extensively studied. Several types of simulators have been validated and it has been demonstrated that the use of simulators in the early training setting accelerates the learning curve in acquiring basic skills. Current GI endoscopy simulators lack the degree of realism that would be necessary to provide training to achieve full competency or to be applicable in certification. Virtual Reality and mechanical simulators are commonly used in basic flexible endoscopy training, whereas ex vivo and in vivo models are used in training the most advanced endoscopic procedures...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Daniel L Raines, Kellen T Jex, Mark J Nicaud, Douglas G Adler
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The source of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) may elude us despite exhaustive testing in some cases. Bleeding in these cases is often related to a vascular lesion that is discernible only when actively bleeding. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of endoscopy combined with the administration of anti-platelet and/or anti-coagulant agents to stimulate bleeding in order to define a source. METHODS: A retrospective review of a database of device-assisted enteroscopy (DAE) procedures was completed to identify cases in which provocation with antiplatelet or anticoagulant agents was used as part of a GIB evaluation...
June 22, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Simon M Everett, Helen Griffiths, U Nandasoma, Katie Ayres, Graham Bell, Mike Cohen, Siwan Thomas-Gibson, Mike Thomson, Kevin M T Naylor
Much has changed since the last guideline of 2008, both in endoscopy and in the practice of obtaining informed consent, and it is vital that all endoscopists who are responsible for performing invasive and increasingly risky procedures are aware of the requirements for obtaining valid consent. This guideline is restricted to GI endoscopy but we cover elective and acute or emergency procedures. Few clinical trials have been carried out in relation to informed consent but most areas are informed by guidance from the General Medical Counsel (GMC) and/or are enshrined in legislation...
October 2016: Gut
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