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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798825/ex-vivo-ureteroscopy-of-deceased-donor-kidneys
#1
Graham L Machen, Preston A Milburn, Patrick S Lowry, Jacqueline A Lappin, Debra K Doherty, Marawan M El Tayeb
INTRODUCTION: When encountered, the ideal management of lithiasis in deceased donor kidneys is not well-defined. With advances in endourological techniques, minimally invasive treatments are becoming an increasingly viable option. We set out to describe our experience performing ex-vivo ureteroscopy on cadaveric donor kidneys, including one in which the procedure was completed on-pump. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was undertaken to identify patients who had undergone ex-vivo ureteroscopy prior to cadaveric renal transplant...
August 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742709/prospective-evaluation-of-precision-multimodal-gallbladder-surgery-navigation-virtual-reality-near-infrared-fluorescence-and-x-ray-based-intraoperative-cholangiography
#2
Michele Diana, Luc Soler, Vincent Agnus, Antonio D'Urso, Michel Vix, Bernard Dallemagne, Vanina Faucher, Catherine Roy, Didier Mutter, Jacques Marescaux, Patrick Pessaux
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to prospectively evaluate NIR-C, VR-AR, and x-ray intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) during robotic cholecystectomy. BACKGROUND: Near-infrared cholangiography (NIR-C) provides real-time, radiation-free biliary anatomy enhancement. Three-dimensional virtual reality (VR) biliary anatomy models can be obtained via software manipulation of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, enabling preoperative VR exploration, and intraoperative augmented reality (AR) navigation...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730246/spontaneous-cholecystocutaneous-fistula-as-a-primary-manifestation-of-gallbladder-adenocarcinoma-associated-with-gallbladder-lithiasis-case-report
#3
Bogdan Vasile Micu, Octavian Aurel Andercou, Carmen Maria Micu, Valentin Militaru, IonuŢ Isaia Jeican, Cătălina Ileana Bungărdean, Stelian ŞtefăniŢă Mogoantă, Dan Radu Miclăuş, Tudor Radu Pop
Spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula (SCF) is a rare complication of neglected calculous biliary disease and also an extremely rare complication of gallbladder neoplasm. This pathology has become even rarer because of prompt diagnosis and expedient surgical intervention for gallstones. So far, there is one published report of a SCF due to gallbladder adenocarcinoma. We present the case of a woman aged 87 years, admitted to the Vth Department of Surgery, Clinical Municipal Hospital of Cluj-Napoca (Romania) for a tumoral mass located in the epigastrium...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700181/-hyperuricemia-and-gene-mutations-a-case-report
#4
Fabio Tattoli, Daniela Falconi, Ornella De Prisco, Gherzi Maurizio, Federico Marazzi, Marita Marengo, Ilaria Serra, Michela Tamagnone, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, Barbara Pasini, Marco Formica
Hyperuricemia is frequently found in nephrology. The case presented may be useful to clarify some pathogenetic aspects. It is a patient of 18 years, hyperuricaemic. Non-consanguineous parents, hyperuricemia in the paternal line, not neuropsychiatric disorders in the family. Delay in neuromotor acquisitions, average intellectual disabilities, anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality traits. Normal renal function and renal ultrasound. Evidence of hyperuricemia in 2015. Never gouty episodes and / or lithiasis, initiated allopurinol 100 mg on alternate days, with no side effects, urea in the control range, slightly below normal uricuria...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674568/-severe-acute-pancreatitis-during-pregnancy-among-black-african-women-about-a-case
#5
Ismaïl Lawani, Aboudou Raimi Kpossou, Bruno Noukpozounkou, Freddy Houehanou Rodrigue Gnangnon, Yacoubou Imorou Souaibou, Dansou Gaspard Gbessi, Benjamin Hounkpatin, Fancis Moïse Dossou, Jean-Léon Olory-Togbe
Acute pancreatitis is rare during pregnancy. It is associated with high maternofoetal mortality. It is mainly caused by biliary lithiasis but, in many cases, the cause of acute pancreatitis is undetermined. We here report the case of a 37-year old patient presenting with acute pancreatitis revealed by acute febrile bowel obstruction at 29 weeks of amenorrhea. The diagnosis was made during surgery. The patient had a miscarriage in the postoperative period. She died on the 8th postoperative day.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671339/role-of-erbb-her-family-of-receptor-tyrosine-kinases-in-cholangiocyte-biology
#6
REVIEW
Anna Pellat, Javier Vaquero, Laura Fouassier
The ErbB/HER family comprises four distinct tyrosine kinase receptors, EGFR/ErbB1/HER1, ErbB2/HER2, ErbB3/HER3 and ErbB4/HER4, which trigger intracellular signals at the origin of essential cellular functions including differentiation, proliferation, survival and migration. Epithelial cells, named cholangiocytes, that line intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts, contribute substantially to biliary secretory functions and bile transport. Although ErbB receptors have been widely studied in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a malignancy of the biliary tract, knowledge of these receptors in biliary epithelium physiology and in non-malignant cholangiopathies is far from completed...
July 3, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668647/toxicological-evaluation-of-the-aqueous-whole-plant-extract-of-aerva-lanata-l-juss-ex-schult-amaranthaceae
#7
Kayode S Omotoso, Flora R Aigbe, Olanrewaju A Salako, Micah C Chijioke, Oluwafunmilayo O Adeyemi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aerva lanata (L.) of the family Amaranthaceae is a Nigerian medicinal plant used traditionally for the management of lithiasis, headache, renal disorder, haematemesis, bronchitis, nasal bleeding, cough, scorpion stings, fractures and spermatorrhoea. Studies that show the pharmacological basis for some of such uses have been reported. There is, however, no scientific report on its toxicity profile to the best of our knowledge. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was therefore aimed at investigating the toxicity profile of the aqueous extract of Aerva lanata...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666526/-comparison-of-results-of-open-simple-nephrectomy-secondary-to-lithiasis-in-patients-with-and-without-nephrostomy
#8
Luis Daniel Carrillo-Córdova, Jean Manuel Jiménez-Villavicencio, Jhonatan Vitar-Sandoval, Roberto Carlos Sarabia-Estrada, Hugo Rivera-Astorga, Gerardo Rodrigo Lemus-Mena, Eduardo Sánchez-Meza, Jorge Raul Carrillo-Córdova, Eli Jalil Camilo-Martínez, Alejandro Rosas-Ramírez, José Francisco Virgen-Gutiérrez, Jorge Jaspersen-Gastelum, Mateo Leopoldo Garduño-Arteaga
BACKGROUND: Simple nephrectomy is the procedure of choice in the treatment of excluded kidneys. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare surgical results in open simple retroperitoneal nephrectomies in patients with and without nephrostomy. METHODOLOGY: 58 patients were analyzed. The demographic parameters of patients with nephrostomy were compared to patients without nephrostomy (age, gender, weight, lithium localization, transoperative variables (surgical time, transoperative bleeding) and postoperative variables (need for intensive care, need for transfusion, surgical wound infection and hospital stay days) RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found for the variables of operative bleeding (p=0...
June 27, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653521/-egg-shaped-macro-lithiasis
#9
T Richard, C Hauzeur, M Vanhaeverbeek
We report a 76 years-old female patient who consults for left flank pain and inflammatory biology, due to the presence of an egg-shaped 5 cm diameter macro-lithiasis. Because of the presence of a Proteus bacteriuria, the patient receives a 7 days levofloxacin treatment, before a laparoscopic resection of the kidney stone is performed. The analysis reveals a struvite lithiasis with a disorganized radial-section nuclear structure (type IVc).
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619084/unusual-clinical-outcome-of-primary-hyperoxaluria-type-1-in-tunisian-patients-carrying-33_34insc-mutation
#10
Ibtihel Benhaj Mbarek, Saoussen Mdimeg, Amira Moussa, Dorsaf Zellama, Hayat Kaarout, Jaouida Abdelmoula, Abdellatif Achour, Saoussen Abroug, Asma Omezzine, Ali Bouslama
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1), is a rare and heterogeneous disease and one of major causes of renal insufficiency in Tunisia, caused by mutations in the AGXT gene. 33-34InsC mutation, was mainly described in children with a severe clinical feature leading to early death, but it was uncommonly reported in adult patients. METHODS: Common mutations in AGXT were tested using PCR/RFLP technique in 111 patients (68 adult, 43 children) with suspected PH1...
June 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617887/peroral-cholangiopancreatoscopy-with-the-spyglass%C3%A2-system-what-do-we-know-10-years-later
#11
REVIEW
Pedro Pereira, Armando Peixoto, Patrícia Andrade, Guilherme Macedo
Smaller endoscopes and catheters have been developed that permit direct visualization of the bile and pancreatic ducts (cholangioscopy and pancreatoscopy, respectively). These endoscopes and catheters are passed through the working channel of a standard therapeutic duodenoscope during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The SpyGlass Direct Visualization System (Boston Scientific Corp, Natick, MA, USA) is currently the most widely used and studied device. Cholangioscopy with intraductal lithotripsy has become an established modality in the treatment of difficult biliary lithiasis...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617876/cholecysto-cutaneous-fistula-in-a-patient-with-biliary-lithiasis
#12
Victor Stoica, Vasile Lungu, Carmen M Preda, Gabriel Constantinescu, Anca Hurduc, Mircea Diculescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613205/-renal-lithiasis-can-we-predict-the-need-for-retreatment-in-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-rirs
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
José Luis Palmero-Martí, Jorge Panach-Navarrete, Lorena Valls-González, Amparo Ganau-Ituren, Juan Carlos Pastor-Lence, Antonio Benedicto-Redón
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the predictive factors for retreatment in RIRS to achieve complete lithiasis resolution. METHODS: Retrospective comparative study analyzing 298 cases of RIRS performed in our center over a 3 year period. The cohort was divided in two groups: Resolution in one operation or more than one, evaluating homogeneicity for age and gender. We compared the folowing variables: Hounsfield units, body mass index (BMI), number of stones, size, (on the case of multiple stones, larger stone size), side, location in the kidney and stone biochemistry...
June 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608192/stone-technology-intracorporeal-lithotripters
#14
Kymora B Scotland, Tadeusz Kroczak, Kenneth T Pace, Ben H Chew
PURPOSE: Intracorporeal lithotripsy is becoming the most commonly used surgical method of stone treatment in Urology. The five major types of intracorporeal lithotripters are ultrasonic, ballistic, and combination lithotripters as well as laser and electrohydraulic lithotripters. The advantages and disadvantages of choosing each of these treatment modalities are reviewed. METHODS: Extensive review of literature was performed to identify the types of intracorporeal lithotripters...
June 12, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602898/endovascular-treatment-of-visceral-artery-pseudoaneurysms-psas-in-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-our-single-center-experience
#15
Daniela Gabrielli, Francesco Taglialatela, Cesare Mantini, Alberto Giammarino, Francesco Modestino, Antonio Raffaele Cotroneo
PURPOSE: to analyse our experience in endovascular treatment as first-line approach for severe and acute hemorrhage in patients with chronic pancreatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: from 2010 to 2016 at our institution 12 males (mean age 66 years) with bleeding pseudoaneurysms (PSAs) underwent urgent visceral angiography and endovascular treatment. All patients had chronic pancreatitis. True visceral artery aneurysms and PSAs arising after surgery were excluded from the study...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597676/dorsal-inflammatory-mass-secondary-to-lost-stones-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#16
Cristina Pineño-Flores, Juan José Segura-Sampedro, Rafael Morales-Soriano, Francesc Xavier González Argente
The most frequent intraabdominal complication after lost stones are abscesses, which account for 65% of complications. The main risk factors are: old age, male gender, surgical difficulty, leakage of lithiasis of more than 1.5 cm or more than 15 stones, perihepatic location and pigmented gallstones. We report the case of a 73-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney failure and laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587907/-a-family-history-of-renal-lithiasis-in-children-diagnosed-of-urinary-tract-infection-by-escherichia-coli
#17
Víctor García Nieto, Jorge Sotoca Fernández, Monica O'Hagan, Pedro Arango Sancho, Maria Isabel Luis Yanes
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTI) caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli) are common in patients with idiopathic hypercalciuria. As both UTI and hypercalciuria (prelithiasis) have a genetic basis, we wanted to know whether the family history of urolithiasis is more common in children with UTIs caused by E. coli. Secondarily, we wondered if the renal scars are more common in children with prelithiasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ambispective study with collected data from 104 patients (40 male, 64 female) followed after having been diagnosed of UTI by E...
June 3, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587845/trends-in-the-management-of-urolithiasis-in-latin-america-spain-and-portugal-results-of-a-survey-in-the-confederaci%C3%A3-n-americana-de-urolog%C3%A3-a-cau
#18
J C Angulo, N Bernardo, H Zampolli, M A Rivero, H Dávila, J Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the trends in the current management of urolithiasis in the Confederación Americana de Urología (CAU) setting to recognise patterns of clinical practice and identify educational needs. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An online survey was created with 31 multiple-choice questions (Spanish and Portuguese) through www.caunet.org, which revealed demographic data, patterns of clinical practice and approaches for specific clinical conditions. RESULTS: A total of 463 practitioners from Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Spain, Colombia, Chile and other countries (3...
June 3, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587588/contemporary-management-of-renal-transplant-recipients-with-de-novo-urolithiasis-a-single-institution-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Ahmed M Harraz, Mohamed H Zahran, Ahmed I Kamal, Ahmed S El-Hefnawy, Yasser Osman, Shady A Soliman, Mohamed M Kamal, Beder Ali-El-Dein, Ahmed A Shokeir
OBJECTIVES: We report on the long-term follow-up of managing allograft stones at a single tertiary referral institution and review the relevant literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of renal allograft recipient charts was performed to identify patients who developed allograft lithiasis between 1974 and 2009. Patient and stone characteristics, diagnoses, treatments, and outcomes were described. RESULTS: Sixteen patients developed 22 stones after a median follow-up of 170 months (range, 51-351 mo)...
June 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559780/pancreatitis-induced-by-cocaine
#20
Sebastián Pablo Chapela, Silvina de Los Angeles Paz, Florencia Maria Ballestero
Pancreatitis is one of the commonest diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, characterized by epigastric pain of moderate to severe intensity, which radiates to the back, elevation of pancreatic lipase and amylase enzymes, and changes in pancreatic parenchyma in imaging methods. The most common etiologies vary, generally the most frequent being biliary lithiasis and alcohol, followed by hypertriglyceridemia. Among the less frequent causes is drug-induced pancreatitis. We report a case of acute pancreatitis caused by cocaine, rarely described in literature...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
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