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Emergency quality bioethics education

Spyros D Mentzelopoulos, Anne-Marie Slowther, Zoe Fritz, Claudio Sandroni, Theodoros Xanthos, Clifton Callaway, Gavin D Perkins, Craig Newgard, Eleni Ischaki, Robert Greif, Erwin Kompanje, Leo Bossaert
PURPOSE: A rapidly evolving resuscitation science provides more effective treatments to an aging population with multiple comorbidites. Concurrently, emergency care has become patient-centered. This review aims to describe challenges associated with the application of key principles of bioethics in resuscitation and post-resuscitation care; propose actions to address these challenges; and highlight the need for evidence-based ethics and consensus on ethical principles interpretation. METHODS: Following agreement on the article's outline, subgroups of 2-3 authors provided narrative reviews of ethical issues concerning autonomy and honesty, beneficence/nonmaleficence and dignity, justice, specific practices/circumstances such as family presence during resuscitation, and emergency research...
May 10, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
Aasim I Padela
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes...
December 2017: Developing World Bioethics
Laura A McEwen, Jane Griffiths, Karen Schultz
The use of portfolios in postgraduate medical residency education to support competency development is increasing; however, the processes by which these assessment systems are designed, implemented, and maintained are emergent. The authors describe the needs assessment, development, implementation, and continuing quality improvement processes that have shaped the Portfolio Assessment Support System (PASS) used by the postgraduate family medicine program at Queen's University since 2009. Their description includes the impetus for change and contextual realities that guided the effort, plus the processes used for selecting assessment components and developing strategic supports...
November 2015: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Anita J Tarzian
Ethics consultation has become an integral part of the fabric of U.S. health care delivery. This article summarizes the second edition of the Core Competencies for Health Care Ethics Consultation report of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. The core knowledge and skills competencies identified in the first edition of Core Competencies have been adopted by various ethics consultation services and education programs, providing evidence of their endorsement as health care ethics consultation (HCEC) standards...
2013: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
Catherine M Flaitz, Nathan Carlin
This case report presents a conversation that the authors had with a patient who is suffering from oral lichen planus and oral cancer. The reason that the authors approached the patient for an interview was to find out why he decided to enroll in an experimental study related to his oral cancer. The patient reported that it was "the waiting" that led him to enroll in this study--that is, the pressure of waiting for oral cancer to re-emerge was simply unbearable, and enrolling in this experimental study enabled him to take a more proactive approach to his illness...
May 2011: Texas Dental Journal
C Leuter, E Altobelli, F di Orio
The first legislative bills on Ethics Committee (EC) activity were adopted across the Italian Regions simultaneously (1998). This widespread implementation meant it was necessary to define new qualitative and quantitative standards (Decree Law, 12th May 2009), creating expectations about the EC's role in research and clinical practice and its potential to improve the quality of medical assistance. The present paper presents the results of a descriptive survey that maps out the framework, organization and operating methods of ECs in the Abruzzo Region in Italy...
May 2010: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
F López Timoneda, J Moro, J Tejedor
OBJECTIVE: To carry out an opinion survey on the quality of residency training in the specialty of anesthesiology and postoperative recovery care. To propose improvements to be made based on the results. METHOD: All training programs in the specialty of anesthesiology and postoperative recovery care within the Spanish National Public Health System were provided with an opinion questionnaire designed by the national professional association (Sociedad Espaiiola de Anestesia, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor)...
June 2007: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Michael Aherne, José Pereira
PURPOSE: This paper situates a large-scale learning and service development capacity-building initiative for hospice palliative care services within the current Canadian policy context for use by international readers. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: In 2000 a national initiative using action research as its design was crafted to support continuing professional development and knowledge management in primary-health care environments. FINDINGS: The Canadian health policy context is complex and requires innovative solutions to achieve desired changes in response to emerging population health demands for quality end-of-life care...
2005: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance Incorporating Leadership in Health Services
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