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Vestibular fistula

Neil S Patel, Jacob B Hunter, Brendan P O'Connell, Natalie M Bertrand, George B Wanna, Matthew L Carlson
OBJECTIVE: Patients with incidental or minimally symptomatic superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) are usually observed, without surgical repair. However, it remains unknown whether a labyrinthine fistula of the superior semicircular canal is associated with progressive conductive or sensorineural hearing loss over time. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review at two tertiary care academic referral centers. METHODS: Adults analyzed were diagnosed with SSCD by high-resolution temporal bone computed tomography and vestibular evoked myogenic potential testing and observed with a minimum of two sequential audiograms...
October 14, 2016: Laryngoscope
Jara E Jonker, Eryn T Liem, Nynke J Elzenga, Bouwe Molenbuur, Monika Trzpis, Paul M A Broens
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in patients with mild or severe congenital anorectal malformations (CARMs), and whether all patients with CARM need pediatric cardiology screening. STUDY DESIGN: We included 129 patients with CARM born between 2004 and 2013, and referred to University Medical Center Groningen. Recto-perineal and recto-vestibular fistulas were classified as mild CARMs, all others as severe. Significant patent foramen ovale, secundum atrial septal defect, and small ventricular septum defect were classified as minor CHDs, all others as major...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
P Bertholon, A Karkas
This chapter will focus on vertigo/dizziness due to inner-ear malformations, labyrinthine fistula, otosclerosis, infectious processes, and autoimmune inner-ear disorders. Inner-ear malformation due to dehiscence of the superior semicircular canal is the most recently described inner-ear malformation. Vertigo/dizziness is typically induced by sound and pressure stimuli and can be associated with auditory symptoms (conductive or mixed hearing loss). Labyrinthine fistula, except after surgery for otosclerosis, in the context of trauma or chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma, still remains a challenging disorder due to multiple uncertainties regarding diagnostic and management strategies...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Kristiina Kyrklund, Mikko P Pakarinen, Risto J Rintala
AIMS: To compare anorectal manometry (AM) in patients with different types of anorectal malformations (ARMs) in relation to functional outcomes. METHODS: A single-institution, cross-sectional study. After ethical approval, all patients ≥7years old treated for anterior anus (AA), perineal fistula (PF), vestibular fistula (VF), or rectourethral fistula (RUF) from 1983 onwards were invited to answer the Rintala bowel function score (BFS) questionnaire and to attend anorectal manometry (AM)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
M Neil Woodall, Scott Y Rahimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Neurology
M-L Ho, G Moonis, C F Halpin, H D Curtin
Third window abnormalities are defects in the integrity of the bony structure of the inner ear, classically producing sound-/pressure-induced vertigo (Tullio and Hennebert signs) and/or a low-frequency air-bone gap by audiometry. Specific anatomic defects include semicircular canal dehiscence, perilabyrinthine fistula, enlarged vestibular aqueduct, dehiscence of the scala vestibuli side of the cochlea, X-linked stapes gusher, and bone dyscrasias. We discuss these various entities and provide key examples from our institutional teaching file with a discussion of symptomatology, temporal bone CT, audiometry, and vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials...
August 25, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Kristiina Kyrklund, Seppo Taskinen, Risto J Rintala, Mikko P Pakarinen
PURPOSE: - Sexual dysfunction and impairment of quality of life due to fecal incontinece were common after classical operations for anorectal malformations. We hypothesised that modern repairs may have improved outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-institution, cross-sectional study. After ethical approval, all patients ≥16 years of age treated for rectourethral-, vestibular- and perineal fistula from 1983 were went detailed postal questionnaires on sexual function and quality of life...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Urology
Kristiina Kyrklund, Mikko P Pakarinen, Seppo Taskinen, Reetta Kivisaari, Risto J Rintala
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to determine the significance of spinal cord anomalies (SCAs) in patients with anorectal malformations (ARMs) by comparing the outcomes for bowel function, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and lower-limb neurological abnormalities to these outcomes in patients with similar ARMs and a normal spinal cord. METHODS The spinal cord MRI records of female patients treated for vestibular and perineal fistula (VF/PF) and male patients with rectourethral fistula (RUF) at a single center between 1983 and 2006 were reviewed...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Fernando Montes-Tapia, Idalia Cura-Esquivel, Susana Gutiérrez, Isaías Rodríguez-Balderrama, Manuel de la O-Cavazos
Congenital abdominal wall defects that are located outside of the anterior wall are extremely rare and difficult to classify because there are no well accepted guidelines. There are two regions outside of the anterior wall: the flank or lateral wall; and the lumbar region. We report the case of a patient with an oval 3 cm-diameter hernia defect located above the anterior axillary line, which affects all layers of the muscular wall. An anorectal malformation consisting of a recto-vestibular fistula was also identified, and chest X-ray showed dextrocardia...
August 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Takahiro Tomita, Nozomu Tanabe, Shusuke Yamamoto, Keitaro Shiraishi, Tetsuhiro Kamo, Masaki Koh, Daina Kashiwazaki, Naoki Akioka, Shoichi Nagai, Naoya Kuwayama, Satoshi Kuroda
This study aimed to validate the usefulness of intraoperative use of a tablet-type device in neurosurgical field. This study included 80 patients who underwent direct surgery for complex brain and spinal disorders in our hospital between April 2013 and March 2015. The operated disorders included cerebral aneurysm, intracranial and spinal dural arteriovenous fistula, meningioma, and vestibular schwannoma. By using the OsiriX HD software, the DICOM data were directly transferred to a tablet-type device (Apple iPad)...
May 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Rahma Chtourou, Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Mohamed Jallouli, Hayet Zitouni, Riadh Mhiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
Saqib Hamid Qazi, Ahmad Vaqas Faruque, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan, Umama Saleem
OBJECTIVE: To describe the management and functional outcome of anorectal malformations and associated anomalies according to Krickenbeck classification. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2002 to December 2012. METHODOLOGY: Anorectal anomalies were classified according to Krickenbeck classification. Data was collected and proforma used regarding the primary disease associated anomalies, its management and functional outcome, according to Krickenbeck classification...
March 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Abiodun D Olusesi, J Abubakar
The clinician's major role in management of the dizzy patient involves determining what dizziness is vertigo, and what vertigo is of central or peripheral origin. These demand attention to details of history, otolaryngological workup including vestibular assessment, and often use of diagnostic and management algorithms. There is paucity of published reports of the management outcomes of peripheral vestibular diseases from Africa. Two tertiary care otologist-led dedicated vertigo clinics are located in Abuja, Nigeria...
March 9, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
U Patnaik, A Srivastava, K Sikka, A Thakar
OBJECTIVE: To present the profile of patients undergoing surgical treatment for vertigo at a contemporary institutional vertigo clinic. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical charts. METHODS: The charts of 1060 patients, referred to an institutional vertigo clinic from January 2003 to December 2012, were studied. The clinical profile and long-term outcomes of patients who underwent surgery were analysed. RESULTS: Of 1060 patients, 12 (1...
December 2015: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Lili Wang, Yong Feng, Zhijie Niu, Yuxiang Cai, Lingyun Mei, Chufeng He
OBJECTIVE: To summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics of Mondini dysplasia with cerebrospinal fluid leakage, as well as preliminarily investigate the genetic mechanism of the disease. METHOD: The clinical data of 2 patients diagnosed as Mondini dysplasia with cerebrospinal fluid leakage treated in our hospital were analyzed. Blood samples of these two patients were obtained to extract DNA. We screened DNA samples for gene SLC26A4 mutations by using polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing...
May 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Rahulkumar N Chavan, Bhargav Chikkala, Cinjini Das, Somak Biswas, Diptendra Kumar Sarkar, Sushil Kumar Pandey
This is a case report of 22-year-old girl admitted with abdominal distension, vomiting, and chronic constipation since birth. Abdomen was distended, and perineal examination revealed imperforate anus with vestibular fistula (ARM). So far worldwide very few cases have been reported about anorectal malformation presenting in adulthood, and thus extremely little data is available in the literature about an ideal management of anorectal malformation in adults. In our case in the treatment instead of conventional procedure of posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) anal transposition was done and till two years after the definitive treatment during follow-up patient has been doing well with Kelly's score of six...
2015: Case Reports in Surgery
Young-Wook Park, Kwang-Jun Kwon, Min-Keun Kim
After cleft lip repair, many patients suffer from nasolabial fistulas, asymmetrical nasal floor, or an indistinct nostril sill, as well as intraoral wound dehiscence and subsequent scar contracture of surgical wounds leading to vestibular stenosis. For successful primary nasolabial repair of complete cleft deformity of the primary palate, cleft surgeons need special care in reconstructing the sound nasal floor. Especially when the cleft gap is wide or when any type of nasoalveolar molding therapy was not performed, three-dimensional reconstruction of the nasal floor is critical for a balanced nasal shape...
December 2015: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Parag J Karkera, Pradnya Bendre, Flavia D'souza, Mukunda Ramchandra, Amol Nage, Nitin Palse
Complete colonic duplication is a very rare congenital anomaly that may have different presentations according to its location and size. Complete colonic duplication can occur in about 15% of all gastrointestinal duplications. Double termination of tubular colonic duplication in the perineum is even more uncommon. We present a case of a Y-shaped tubular colonic duplication which presented with a rectovestibular fistula and a normal anus. Radiological evaluation and initial exploration for sigmoidostomy revealed duplicated colons with a common vascular supply...
September 2015: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Saulo Gabriel Moreira Falci, Cássio Roberto Rocha dos Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
S Pascal, A Deveze, D Casanova, C Philandrianos
INTRODUCTION: Free anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap constitutes an alternative to latissimus dorsi and radial forearm flaps for head and neck reconstruction. The authors report a case of mastoid reconstruction in a patient with multi-operated cholesteatoma associated with tubal dysfunction. CASE REPORT: This patient presented a fistula of the lateral semicircular canal and invagination of retroauricular soft tissues responsible for non-compensated almost complete areflexia with anacusis...
June 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
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