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PerR protein

Ngoc-Phuong-Thao Nguyen, Sonja Linder, Stefanie K Flitsch, Bettina Schiel-Bengelsdorf, Peter Dürre, Philippe Soucaille
: An operon comprising two genes, CA_P0037 and CA_P0036, that encode proteins of unknown function that were previously shown to be highly expressed in acidogenic cells and repressed in solventogenic and alcohologenic cells is located on the pSOL1 megaplasmid of Clostridium acetobutylicum upstream of adhE2 A CA_P0037::int (189/190s) mutant in which an intron was inserted at position 189/190 in the sense strand of CA_P0037 was successfully generated by the Targetron technique. The resultant mutant showed significantly different metabolic flux patterns in acidogenic (producing mainly lactate, butyrate, and butanol) and alcohologenic (producing mainly butyrate, acetate, and lactate) chemostat cultures but not in solventogenic or batch cultures...
October 4, 2016: MBio
Lies Langouche, Ina Lehmphul, Sarah Vander Perre, Josef Koehrle, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: Critical illness is hallmarked by low circulating T4 and T3 concentrations, in the presence of elevated rT3 and low-normal TSH, referred to as non-thyroidal illness (NTI). Thyroid hormone (TH) metabolism is substantially increased during NTI, in part explained by enhanced deiodinase 3 (D3) activity. T4- and T3-sulfate concentrations are elevated, due to suppressed D1 activity in the presence of unaltered sulfotransferase activity, and 3,3'-diiodothyronine (3,3'-T2) concentrations are normal...
September 27, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Sun-Wook Jeong, Ho Seong Seo, Min-Kyu Kim, Jong-Il Choi, Heon-Man Lim, Sangyong Lim
Deinococcus radiodurans is a poly-extremophilic organism, capable of tolerating a wide variety of different stresses, such as gamma/ultraviolet radiation, desiccation, and oxidative stress. PprM, a cold shock protein homolog, is involved in the radiation resistance of D. radiodurans, but its role in the oxidative stress response has not been investigated. In this study, we investigated the effect of pprM mutation on catalase gene expression. pprM disruption decreased the mRNA and protein levels of KatE1, which is the major catalase in D...
June 2016: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Jung-Hoon Kim, Chang-Jun Ji, Shin-Yeong Ju, Yoon-Mo Yang, Su-Hyun Ryu, Yumi Kwon, Young-Bin Won, Yeh-Eun Lee, Hwan Youn, Jin-Won Lee
The ferric uptake regulator (Fur) family proteins include sensors of Fe (Fur), Zn (Zur), and peroxide (PerR). Among Fur family proteins, Fur and Zur are ubiquitous in most prokaryotic organisms, whereas PerR exists mainly in Gram positive bacteria as a functional homologue of OxyR. Gram positive bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus encode three Fur family proteins: Fur, Zur, and PerR. In this study, we identified five Fur family proteins from B. licheniformis: two novel PerR-like proteins (BL00690 and BL00950) in addition to Fur (BL05249), Zur (BL03703), and PerR (BL00075) homologues...
2016: PloS One
Hualiang Pi, Sarju J Patel, José M Argüello, John D Helmann
Listeria monocytogenes FrvA (Lmo0641) is critical for virulence in the mouse model and is an ortholog of the Bacillus subtilis Fur- and PerR-regulated Fe(II) efflux P1B4 -type ATPase PfeT. Previously, FrvA was suggested to protect against heme toxicity. Here, we demonstrate that an frvA mutant is sensitive to iron intoxication, but not to other metals. Expression of frvA is induced by high iron and this induction requires Fur. FrvA functions in vitro as a divalent cation specific ATPase most strongly activated by ferrous iron...
June 2016: Molecular Microbiology
E Golińska, M van der Linden, G Więcek, D Mikołajczyk, A Machul, A Samet, A Piórkowska, M Dorycka, P B Heczko, M Strus
Invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) infections constitute an important epidemiological problem. Many cases occur in women during the postnatal period. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of the genes responsible for production of iron-chelating protein (perR) and superantigens (speA, speB, speC, speF, speG, speH, speI, speJ, speK, speL, speM, smeZ, and ssa) in S. pyogenes strains isolated from invasive infections in women after delivery. Furthermore, this study sought to verify whether S...
May 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Bo-Eun Ahn, Tania A Baker
Peroxide operon regulator (PerR) is a broadly conserved hydrogen peroxide sensor in bacteria, and oxidation of PerR at its regulatory metal-binding site is considered irreversible. Here, we tested whether this oxidation specifically targets PerR for proteolysis. We find that oxidizing conditions stimulate PerR degradation in vivo, and LonA is the principal AAA+ (ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities) protease that degrades PerR. Degradation of PerR by LonA is recapitulated in vitro, and biochemical dissection of this degradation reveals that the presence of regulatory metal and PerR-binding DNA dramatically extends the half-life of the protein...
January 5, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Guohua Guan, Azul Pinochet-Barros, Ahmed Gaballa, Sarju J Patel, José M Argüello, John D Helmann
Iron is an essential element for nearly all cells and limited iron availability often restricts growth. However, excess iron can also be deleterious, particularly when cells expressing high affinity iron uptake systems transition to iron rich environments. Bacillus subtilis expresses numerous iron importers, but iron efflux has not been reported. Here, we describe the B. subtilis PfeT protein (formerly YkvW/ZosA) as a P1B4 -type ATPase in the PerR regulon that serves as an Fe(II) efflux pump and protects cells against iron intoxication...
November 2015: Molecular Microbiology
James Butcher, Rebecca A Handley, Arnoud H M van Vliet, Alain Stintzi
BACKGROUND: The genome of Campylobacter jejuni contains two iron activated Fur-family transcriptional regulators, CjFur and CjPerR, which are primarily responsible for regulating iron homeostasis and oxidative stress respectively. Both transcriptional regulators have been previously implicated in regulating diverse functions beyond their primary roles in C. jejuni. To further characterize their regulatory networks, RNA-seq was used to define the transcriptional profiles of C. jejuni NCTC11168 wild type, Δfur, ΔperR and ΔfurΔperR isogenic deletion mutants under both iron-replete and iron-limited conditions...
2015: BMC Genomics
Chang-Jun Ji, Jung-Hoon Kim, Young-Bin Won, Yeh-Eun Lee, Tae-Woo Choi, Shin-Yeong Ju, Hwan Youn, John D Helmann, Jin-Won Lee
In many Gram-positive bacteria PerR is a major peroxide sensor whose repressor activity is dependent on a bound metal cofactor. The prototype for PerR sensors, the Bacillus subtilis PerRBS protein, represses target genes when bound to either Mn(2+) or Fe(2+) as corepressor, but only the Fe(2+)-bound form responds to H2O2. The orthologous protein in the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus, PerRSA, plays important roles in H2O2 resistance and virulence. However, PerRSA is reported to only respond to Mn(2+) as corepressor, which suggests that it might rely on a distinct, iron-independent mechanism for H2O2 sensing...
August 14, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
James A Imlay
Bacteria live in a toxic world in which their competitors excrete hydrogen peroxide or superoxide-generating redox-cycling compounds. They protect themselves by activating regulons controlled by the OxyR, PerR, and SoxR transcription factors. OxyR and PerR sense peroxide when it oxidizes key thiolate or iron moieties, respectively; they then induce overlapping sets of proteins that defend their vulnerable metalloenzymes. An additional role for OxyR in detecting electrophilic compounds is possible. In some nonenteric bacteria, SoxR appears to control the synthesis and export of redox-cycling compounds, whereas in the enteric bacteria it defends the cell against the same agents...
2015: Annual Review of Microbiology
Rebecca A Handley, Francis Mulholland, Mark Reuter, Vinoy K Ramachandran, Heather Musk, Leah Clissold, Nick E Le Brun, Arnoud H M van Vliet
The foodborne bacterial pathogen Campylobacter jejuni is an obligate microaerophile that is exposed to atmospheric oxygen during transmission through the food chain. Survival under aerobic conditions requires the concerted control of oxidative stress systems, which in C. jejuni are intimately connected with iron metabolism via the PerR and Fur regulatory proteins. Here, we have characterized the roles of C. jejuni PerR in oxidative stress and motility phenotypes, and its regulon at the level of transcription, protein expression and promoter interactions...
July 2015: Microbiology
Martha Gómez-Marroquín, Luz E Vidales, Bernardo N Debora, Fernando Santos-Escobar, Armando Obregón-Herrera, Eduardo A Robleto, Mario Pedraza-Reyes
UNLABELLED: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) promote the synthesis of the DNA lesion 8-oxo-G, whose mutagenic effects are counteracted in distinct organisms by the DNA glycosylase MutM. We report here that in Bacillus subtilis, mutM is expressed during the exponential and stationary phases of growth. In agreement with this expression pattern, results of a Western blot analysis confirmed the presence of MutM in both stages of growth. In comparison with cells of a wild-type strain, cells of B...
June 2015: Journal of Bacteriology
Andrew G Turner, Cheryl-Lynn Y Ong, Christine M Gillen, Mark R Davies, Nicholas P West, Alastair G McEwan, Mark J Walker
UNLABELLED: Streptococcus pyogenes (group A Streptococcus [GAS]) is an obligate human pathogen responsible for a spectrum of human disease states. Metallobiology of human pathogens is revealing the fundamental role of metals in both nutritional immunity leading to pathogen starvation and metal poisoning of pathogens by innate immune cells. Spy0980 (MntE) is a paralog of the GAS zinc efflux pump CzcD. Through use of an isogenic mntE deletion mutant in the GAS serotype M1T1 strain 5448, we have elucidated that MntE is a manganese-specific efflux pump required for GAS virulence...
2015: MBio
Christopher J Pappas, Nadia Benaroudj, Mathieu Picardeau
Leptospirosis, an emerging zoonotic disease, remains poorly understood because of a lack of genetic manipulation tools available for pathogenic leptospires. Current genetic manipulation techniques include insertion of DNA by random transposon mutagenesis and homologous recombination via suicide vectors. This study describes the construction of a shuttle vector, pMaORI, that replicates within saprophytic, intermediate, and pathogenic leptospires. The shuttle vector was constructed by the insertion of a 2.9-kb DNA segment including the parA, parB, and rep genes into pMAT, a plasmid that cannot replicate in Leptospira spp...
May 1, 2015: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Melanie Hillion, Haike Antelmann
Bacteria encounter reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a consequence of the aerobic life or as an oxidative burst of activated neutrophils during infections. In addition, bacteria are exposed to other redox-active compounds, including hypochloric acid (HOCl) and reactive electrophilic species (RES) such as quinones and aldehydes. These reactive species often target the thiol groups of cysteines in proteins and lead to thiol-disulfide switches in redox-sensing regulators to activate specific detoxification pathways and to restore the redox balance...
May 2015: Biological Chemistry
Fan Yingping, Sylvain Lemeille, Emmanuel Talla, Annick Janicki, Yann Denis, Cheng-Cai Zhang, Amel Latifi
The cyanobacterial phylum includes oxygenic photosynthetic prokaryotes of a wide variety of morphologies, metabolisms and ecologies. Their adaptation to their various ecological niches is mainly achieved by sophisticated regulatory mechanisms and depends on a fine cross-talk between them. We assessed the global transcriptomic response of the filamentous cyanobacterium Nostoc PCC 7120 to iron starvation and oxidative stress. More than 20% of the differentially expressed genes in response to iron stress were also responsive to oxidative stress...
October 2014: Environmental Microbiology Reports
Christelle Caux-Thang, Aubérie Parent, Ramakrishnan Sethu, Arhamatoulaye Maïga, Geneviève Blondin, Jean-Marc Latour, Victor Duarte
Fur family proteins, ubiquitous in prokaryotes, play a pivotal role in microbial survival and virulence in most pathogens. Metalloregulators, such as Fur and PerR, regulate the transcription of genes connected to iron homeostasis and response to oxidative stress, respectively. In Bacillus subtilis, Fur and PerR bind with high affinity to DNA sequences differing at only two nucleotides. In addition to these differences in the PerR and Fur boxes, we identify in this study a residue located on the DNA binding motif of the Fur protein that is critical to discrimination between the two close DNA sequences...
March 20, 2015: ACS Chemical Biology
John D Helmann
Metalloregulatory proteins allow cells to sense metal ions and appropriately adjust the expression of metal uptake, storage, and efflux pathways. Bacillus subtilis provides a model for the coordinate regulation of iron and manganese homeostasis that involves three key regulators: Fur senses iron sufficiency, MntR senses manganese sufficiency, and PerR senses the intracellular Fe/Mn ratio. Here, I review the structural and physiological bases of selective metal perception, the effects of non-cognate metals, and mechanisms that may serve to coordinate iron and manganese homeostasis...
October 10, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Eva Boonen, Lies Langouche, Thomas Janssens, Philippe Meersseman, Hilke Vervenne, Emilie De Samblanx, Zoë Pironet, Lisa Van Dijck, Sarah Vander Perre, Inge Derese, Greet Van den Berghe
CONTEXT: Adrenal insufficiency is considered to be prevalent during critical illness, although the pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria, and optimal therapeutic strategy remain controversial. During critical illness, reduced cortisol breakdown contributes substantially to elevated plasma cortisol and low plasma ACTH concentrations. OBJECTIVE: Because ACTH has a trophic impact on the adrenal cortex, we hypothesized that with a longer duration of critical illness, subnormal ACTH adrenocortical stimulation predisposes to adrenal insufficiency...
November 2014: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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