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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332723/a-method-using-simple-stitches-around-the-safety-margin-for-hemostasis-in-scalp-surgery
#1
Ival Peres Rosa, Sergio Henrique Hirata, Mauro Yoshiaki Enokihara, Caroline Benevides Farkas, Anamaria da Silva Facina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327202/transient-disruption-of-adenosine-signaling-during-embryogenesis-triggers-a-pro-epileptic-phenotype-in-adult-zebrafish
#2
Fabiano Peres Menezes, Felipe Machado Torresini, Laura Roesler Nery, Rosane Souza da Silva
Adenosinergic signaling has important effects on brain function, anatomy, and physiology in both late and early stages of development. Exposure to caffeine, a non-specific blocker of adenosine receptor, has been indicated as a developmental risk factor. Disruption of adenosinergic signaling during early stages of development can change the normal neural network formation and possibly lead to an increase in susceptibility to seizures. In this work, morpholinos (MO) temporarily blocked the translation of adenosine receptor transcripts, adora1, adora2aa, and adora2ab, during the embryonic phase of zebrafish...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326333/comet-a-multicomponent-home-based-disease-management-programme-versus-routine-care-in-severe-copd
#3
Romain Kessler, Pere Casan-Clara, Dieter Koehler, Silvia Tognella, Jose Luis Viejo, Roberto W Dal Negro, Salvador Díaz-Lobato, Karina Reissig, José Miguel Rodríguez González-Moro, Gilles Devouassoux, Jean-Michel Chavaillon, Pierre Botrus, Jean-Michel Arnal, Julio Ancochea, Anne Bergeron-Lafaurie, Carlos De Abajo, Winfried J Randerath, Andreas Bastian, Christian G Cornelissen, Georg Nilius, Joëlle B Texereau, Jean Bourbeau
The COPD Patient Management European Trial (COMET) investigated the efficacy and safety of a home-based COPD disease management intervention for severe COPD patients.The study was an international open-design clinical trial in COPD patients (forced expiratory volume in 1 s <50% of predicted value) randomised 1:1 to the disease management intervention or to the usual management practices at the study centre. The disease management intervention included a self-management programme, home telemonitoring, care coordination and medical management...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317660/microbiota-derived-short-chain-fatty-acids-promote-histone-crotonylation-in-the-colon-through-histone-deacetylases
#4
Rachel Fellows, Jérémy Denizot, Claudia Stellato, Alessandro Cuomo, Payal Jain, Elena Stoyanova, Szabina Balázsi, Zoltán Hajnády, Anke Liebert, Juri Kazakevych, Hector Blackburn, Renan Oliveira Corrêa, José Luís Fachi, Fabio Takeo Sato, Willian R Ribeiro, Caroline Marcantonio Ferreira, Hélène Perée, Mariangela Spagnuolo, Raphaël Mattiuz, Csaba Matolcsi, Joana Guedes, Jonathan Clark, Marc Veldhoen, Tiziana Bonaldi, Marco Aurélio Ramirez Vinolo, Patrick Varga-Weisz
The recently discovered histone post-translational modification crotonylation connects cellular metabolism to gene regulation. Its regulation and tissue-specific functions are poorly understood. We characterize histone crotonylation in intestinal epithelia and find that histone H3 crotonylation at lysine 18 is a surprisingly abundant modification in the small intestine crypt and colon, and is linked to gene regulation. We show that this modification is highly dynamic and regulated during the cell cycle. We identify class I histone deacetylases, HDAC1, HDAC2, and HDAC3, as major executors of histone decrotonylation...
January 9, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317553/safety-profile-of-biosimilar-filgrastim-zarzio-zarxio-a-combined-analysis-of-phase-iii-studies
#5
Nadia Harbeck, Pere Gascón, Andriy Krendyukov, Nadja Hoebel, Sreekanth Gattu, Kimberly Blackwell
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of adverse events (AEs) in pivotal registration trials and ongoing postmarketing surveillance is important for all biologics, including biosimilars. A combined analysis of two pivotal registration studies was performed to strengthen evidence on safety for biosimilar filgrastim EP2006 in patients with breast cancer receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy, a sensitive clinical setting to confirm biosimilarity of filgrastim. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were combined from two phase III studies of biosimilar filgrastim EP2006...
January 9, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311229/integrated-analysis-of-proteomic-and-transcriptomic-data-highlights-late-fetal-muscle-maturation-process
#6
Valentin Voillet, Magali San Cristobal, Marie-Christine Pere, Yvon Billon, Laurianne Canario, Laurence Liaubet, Louis Lefaucheur
BACKGROUND: In pigs, the perinatal period is the most critical time for survival. Piglet maturation, which occurs at the end of gestation, leads to a state of full development after birth. Maturity is thus an important determinant of early survival. Skeletal muscle plays a key role in adaptation to extra-uterine life, e.g. motor function and thermoregulation. Progeny from two breeds with extreme neonatal mortality rates were analyzed at 90 and 110 days of gestation (dg). The Large White breed is a highly selected breed for lean growth with a high rate of mortality at birth, whereas the Chinese Meishan breed is fatter and more robust and has a low mortality rate...
January 8, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311098/repeated-influenza-vaccination-for-preventing-severe-and-fatal-influenza-infection-in-older-adults-a-multicentre-case-control-study
#7
Itziar Casado, Ángela Domínguez, Diana Toledo, Judith Chamorro, Jenaro Astray, Mikel Egurrola, María Amelia Fernández-Sierra, Vicente Martín, María Morales-Suárez-Varela, Pere Godoy, Jesús Castilla
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of repeated vaccination for influenza to prevent severe cases remains unclear. We evaluated the effectiveness of influenza vaccination on preventing admissions to hospital for influenza and reducing disease severity. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in 20 hospitals in Spain during the 2013/14 and 2014/15 influenza seasons. Community-dwelling adults aged 65 years or older who were admitted to hospital for laboratory-confirmed influenza were matched with inpatient controls by sex, age, hospital and admission date...
January 8, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309757/doxorubicin-resistance-in-breast-cancer-a-novel-role-for-the-human-protein-ahnak
#8
Tanja Davis, Gustav van Niekerk, Jade Peres, Sharon Prince, Ben Loos, Anna-Mart Engelbrecht
Understanding the response of cancer cells to anti-cancer therapies is crucial to unraveling and preventing the development of therapeutic resistance. The human AHNAK protein is a giant scaffold protein implicated in several diverse cellular functions. The role of AHNAK in cancer is however unclear as the protein has previously been described as a tumor suppressor, as well as being essential for tumor metastasis and invasion, while also being implicated in selected chemotherapeutic responses. To clarify the role of AHNAK in cancer, we investigated the effect of doxorubicin treatment on AHNAK in doxorubicin-sensitive MCF-7 and doxorubicin-resistant MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines, as well as in a tumor-bearing mouse model...
January 5, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307848/herbal-and-dietary-supplement-induced-liver-injuries-in-the-spanish-dili-registry
#9
Inmaculada Medina-Caliz, Miren Garcia-Cortes, Andres Gonzalez-Jimenez, Maria R Cabello, Mercedes Robles-Diaz, Judith Sanabria-Cabrera, Rocio Sanjuan-Jimenez, Aida Ortega-Alonso, Beatriz García-Muñoz, Inmaculada Moreno, Miguel Jimenez-Perez, M Carmen Fernandez, Pere Ginés, Martin Prieto, Isabel Conde, Hacibe Hallal, German Soriano, Eva Roman, Agustin Castiella, Encarnacion Blanco-Reina, Maria R Montes, Marta Quiros-Cano, Flores Martin-Reyes, M Isabel Lucena, Raul J Andrade
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There have been increasing reports of liver injury associated with use of herbal and dietary supplements, likely due to easy access to these products and beliefs among consumers that they are safer or more effective than conventional medications. We aimed to evaluate clinical features and outcomes of patients with herbal and dietary supplement-induced liver injuries included in the Spanish DILI Registry. METHODS: We collected and analyzed data on demographic and clinical features, along with biochemical parameters, of 32 patients with herbal and dietary supplement-associated liver injury reported to the Spanish DILI registry from 1994 through 2016...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306160/do-spatial-patterns-of-urbanization-and-land-consumption-reflect-different-socioeconomic-contexts-in-europe
#10
REVIEW
Luca Salvati, Ilaria Zambon, Francesco Maria Chelli, Pere Serra
Land-use changes and urban sprawl have transformed European cities, with a direct impact on both metropolitan structures and socioeconomic functions. However, these processes tend to be relatively different across countries, being influenced by place-specific factors associated to socioeconomic, historical, political and cultural factors that influence decisions on the use of land. Considering 155 metropolitan areas in 6 European macro-regions, the present study investigates spatial patterns of land consumption profiling cities according to a large set of territorial variables, with the final objective to identify relevant socioeconomic dimensions characteristic of recent processes of urban growth...
January 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305194/cd34-selection-vs-reduced-intensity-conditioning-and-unmodified-graft-for-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-patients-with-aml-and-mds-50-years
#11
Pere Barba, Rodrigo Martino, Qin Zhou, Christina Cho, Hugo Castro-Malaspina, Sean Devlin, Albert Esquirol, Sergio Giralt, Ann A Jakubowski, Dolores Caballero, Molly Maloy, Esperanza B Papadopoulos, José Luís Piñana, María Laura Fox, Francisco Márquez, David Valcárcel, Carlos Solano, Lucía López-Corral, Jorge Sierra, Miguel-Angel Perales
Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) and t-cell depletion (TCD) through CD34+ selection without the use of post-transplant immunosuppression are 2 strategies used to reduce non-relapse mortality (NRM) in older patients after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). To compare the efficacy of both approaches (RIC and TCD), we evaluated the outcomes of AML and MDS patients > 50 years who underwent allo-HCT from an HLA-matched donor with one of these strategies. Baseline characteristics were comparable between patients receiving TCD (n=204) and RIC (n=151) except for more unrelated donors (68% vs...
January 2, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296747/single-umbilical-cord-blood-with-or-without-cd34-cells-from-a-third-party-donor-in-adults-with-leukemia
#12
Jaime Sanz, Mi Kwon, Guiomar Bautista, Miguel A Sanz, Pascual Balsalobre, José Luis Piñana, Carlos Solano, Rafael Duarte, Christelle Ferrá, Ignacio Lorenzo, Carmen Martín, Pere Barba, María Jesús Pascual, Rodrigo Martino, Jorge Gayoso, Ismael Buño, Carmen Regidor, Almudena de la Iglesia, Juan Montoro, José Luis Díez-Martín, Guillermo F Sanz, Rafael Cabrera
We retrospectively compared the clinical outcomes of adults with acute leukemia who received single-unit umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation (sUCBT) (n = 135) or stem cell transplant using coinfusion of a UCB graft with CD34+ cells from a third-party donor (Haplo-Cord) (n = 72) at different institutions within the Grupo Español de Trasplante Hematopoyético. In multivariable analysis, patients in the Haplo-Cord group showed more rapid neutrophil (hazard ratio [HR], 2.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1...
June 27, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291445/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-novel-ring-opened-cromakalim-analogues-with-relaxant-effects-on-vascular-and-respiratory-smooth-muscles-and-as-stimulators-of-elastin-synthesis
#13
Mourad Bouhedja, Basile Peres, Wassim Fhayli, Zeinab Ghandour, Ahcène Boumendjel, Gilles Faury, Smail Khelili
Two new series of ring-opened analogues of cromakalim bearing sulfonylurea moieties (series A: with N-unmethylated sulfonylureas, series B: with N-methylated sulfonylureas) were synthesized and tested as relaxants of vascular and respiratory smooth muscles (rat aorta and trachea, respectively). Ex vivo biological evaluations indicated that the most active compounds, belonging to series B, displayed a marked vasorelaxant activity on endothelium-intact aortic rings and the trachea. A majority of series B compounds exhibited a higher vasorelaxant activity (EC50 < 22 μM) than that of the reference compound diazoxide (EC50 = 24 μM)...
December 21, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289766/treatment-of-olive-oil-mill-wastewater-by-single-electrocoagulation-with-different-electrodes-and-sequential-electrocoagulation-electrochemical-fenton-based-processes
#14
Nelly Flores, Enric Brillas, Francesc Centellas, Rosa María Rodríguez, Pere Lluís Cabot, José Antonio Garrido, Ignasi Sirés
The treatment of olive oil mill wastewater (OOMW) by novel sequential processes involving electrocoagulation (EC) followed by electro-Fenton (EF) or photoelectro-Fenton (PEF) under UVA irradiation has been studied using a boron-doped diamond anode and an air-diffusion cathode for H2O2 electrogeneration. Their performance was monitored from the removal of total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand, turbidity, total solids and total nitrogen, as well as from the energy consumption. Preliminary EC assays were performed with one pair of electrodes made of Al, Fe, AISI 304 or AISI 316L...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286493/twenty-five-years-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine-progress-and-priorities-for-future-of-radiation-medicine-and-biology
#15
D Bazyka
After the creation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine in 1993 the Research Center for Radiation Medicine was among the first institutions to join the Academy (fig. 1). Estab lishing the Academy was among the first steps of the independent Ukrainian government and aimed to provide a high level health care for population. It was extremely needed for the minimization of Chornobyl medical consequences. This choice was related to a growing recognition of the scientific research in fulfilling the Сenter's mission - study of the effects of low dose radiation on human body and radiation protection of the exposed population...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285622/effects-of-the-intensity-of-prehospital-treatment-on-short-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-the-semica-2-study
#16
Òscar Miró, Melissa Hazlitt, Xavier Escalada, Pere Llorens, Víctor Gil, Francisco Javier Martín-Sánchez, Pia Harjola, Verónica Rico, Pablo Herrero-Puente, Javier Jacob, David C Cone, Martin Möckel, Michael Christ, Yonathan Freund, Salvatore di Somma, Said Laribi, Alexandre Mebazaa, Veli-Pekka Harjola
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about treatments provided by advanced life support (ALS) ambulance teams to patients with acute heart failure (AHF) during the prehospital phase, and their influence on short-term outcome. We evaluated the effect of prehospital care in consecutive patients diagnosed with AHF in Spanish emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: We selected patients from the EAHFE registry arriving at the ED by ALS ambulances with available follow-up data. We recorded specific prehospital ALS treatments (supplemental oxygen, diuretics, nitroglycerin, non-invasive ventilation) and patients were grouped according to whether they received low- (LIPHT; 0/1 treatments) or high-intensity prehospital therapy (HIPHT; > 1 treatment) for AHF...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285236/intrapleural-targeted-therapies-anti-vegf-and-anti-egfr-in-the-model-of-malignant-pleural-effusion
#17
Milena Marques Pagliarelli Acencio, Juliana Puka, Vanessa Adélia Alvarenga, Vanessa Martins, Mariana Lombardi Peres de Carvalho, Evaldo Marchi, Vera Luiza Capelozzi, Lisete Ribeiro Teixeira
Rationale: Malignant pleural effusion has few options of treatment and drugs administrated by different routes can lead to a less permissive microenvironment for the development of malignant pleural disease. Objectives: To analyze therapies administered intrapleurally in malignant pleural disease and to study EGFR and KRAS mutations in adenocarcinoma. Methods: Mice received LLC cells and were treated intrapleurally with anti-VEGF, anti-EGFR, anti-VEGF+anti-EGFR or saline...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282548/the-qualyor-qualit%C3%A3-osseuse-lyon-orl%C3%A3-ans-study-a-new-cohort-for-non-invasive-evaluation-of-bone-quality-in-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-rationale-and-study-design
#18
Roland Chapurlat, Jean-Baptiste Pialat, Blandine Merle, Elisabeth Confavreux, Florence Duvert, Elisabeth Fontanges, Farida Khacef, Sylvie Loiseau Peres, Anne-Marie Schott, Eric Lespessailles
The diagnostic performance of densitometry is inadequate. New techniques of non-invasive evaluation of bone quality may improve fracture risk prediction. Testing the value of these techniques is the goal of the QUALYOR cohort. INTRODUCTION: The bone mineral density (BMD) of postmenopausal women who sustain osteoporotic fracture is generally above the World Health Organization definition for osteoporosis. Therefore, new approaches to improve the detection of women at high risk for fracture are warranted...
December 27, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280761/a-baseline-metabolomic-signature-is-associated-with-immunological-cd4-t-cell-recovery-after-36-months-of-art-in-hiv-infected-patients
#19
Esther Rodríguez-Gallego, Josep Gómez, Yolanda María Pacheco, Joaquim Peraire, Consuelo Viladés, Raúl Beltrán-Debón, Roger Mallol, Miguel López-Dupla, Sergi Veloso, Verónica Alba, Julià Blanco, Nicolau Cañellas, Anna Rull, Manuel Leal, Xavier Correig, Pere Domingo, Francesc Vidal
OBJECTIVES: Poor immunological recovery in treated HIV-infected patients is associated with greater morbidity and mortality. To date, predictive biomarkers of this incomplete immune reconstitution have not been established. We aimed to identify a baseline metabolomic signature associated with a poor immunological recovery after ART in order to envisage the underlying mechanistic pathways that influence the treatment response. DESIGN: This was a multi-centre, prospective cohort study in ART-naïve and a pre-ART low nadir (<200 cells/μl) HIV-infected patients (n = 64)...
December 26, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280669/-home-and-ambulatory-artificial-nutrition-nadya-group-report-home-parenteral-nutrition-in-spain-2016
#20
Carmina Wanden-Berghe Lozano, Nuria Virgili Casas, Esther Ramos Boluda, Cristina Cuerda Compés, José Manuel Moreno Villares, José Luis Pereira Cunill, Carmen Gómez Candela, Rosa Burgos Peláez, Mª Ángeles Penacho Lázaro, Antonio Pérez de la Cruz, Julia Álvarez Hernández, Montserrat Gonzalo Marín, Pilar Matía Martín, Ceferino Martínez Faedo, Eva Ángeles Sánchez Martos, Alejandro Sanz Paris, Cristina Campos Martín, Tomás Martín Folgueras, M Ángela Martín Palmero, María de Los Ángeles Martín Fontalba, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Ana Zugasti Murillo, María José Martínez Ramírez, Fátima Carabaña Pérez, Cecilia Martínez Costa, Patricia Díaz Guardiola, Cristina Tejera Pérez, Rosa Mª Parés Marimón, José Antonio Irles Rocamora, Carmen Garde Orbaiz, Miguel Ángel Ponce González, María Victoria García Zafra, Rebeca Sánchez Sánchez, Juan Ramón Urgeles Planella, Antxón Apezetxea Celaya, Olga Sánchez-Vilar Burdiel, Clara Joaquín Ortiz, José Pablo Suárez Llanos, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Pere Leyes García, Mª Carmen Gil Martínez, Silvia Mauri Roca, María José Carrera Santaliestra
OBJECTIVE: To communicate HPN data obtained from the HPN registry of the NADYA-SENPE group (www.nadya-senpe.com) for the year 2016. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive analysis of the data collected from adult and pediatric patients with HPN in the NADYA-SENPE group registry from January 1st, 2016 to December 31st, 2016. RESULTS: There were 286 patients from 42 Spanish hospitals (54.2% women), 34 children and 252 adults, with 294 episodes, which represent a prevalence rate of 6...
November 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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