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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444608/mechanisms-behind-religiosity-and-spirituality-s-effect-on-mental-health-quality-of-life-and-well-being
#1
Mario Fernando Prieto Peres, Helder H Kamei, Patricia R Tobo, Giancarlo Lucchetti
This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the role of meaning, peace, faith and religiosity on mental health, quality of life (QOL) and well-being in 782 adults. We found associations between (a) meaning and peace with less depression and more QOL, (b) peace with less stress and (c) faith and religiousness with more psychological QOL. Meaning and peace were more strongly associated with health outcomes, and those with high levels of intrinsic religiosity but low levels of meaning/peace have worse outcomes than those with low religiousness and high meaning/peace...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444120/premenopausal-hysterectomy-and-risk-of-ovarian-cancer-in-african-american-women
#2
Lauren C Peres, Anthony J Alberg, Elisa V Bandera, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Patricia G Moorman, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul D Terry, Sarah E Abbott, Fabian Camacho, Frances Wang, Joellen M Schildkraut
Although the inverse association between hysterectomy and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) was considered well established, investigators in recent studies including women diagnosed after 2000 have observed modest increases in risk. Most studies have been conducted in white women with little representation of African-American women. We examined the relationship between premenopausal hysterectomy and EOC in African-American women and explored whether hormone therapy (HT) modified this association in 614 cases and 743 controls enrolled in the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study (2010-2015)...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444098/the-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-multiple-sclerosis-far-beyond-the-bands
#3
Renan Barros Domingues, Gustavo Bruniera Peres Fernandes, Fernando Brunale Vilela de Moura Leite, Charles Peter Tilbery, Rodrigo Barbosa Thomaz, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Cristóvão Luis Pitangueira Mangueira, Carlos Augusto Senne Soares
The cerebrospinal fluid analysis has been employed for supporting multiple sclerosis diagnosis and ruling out the differential diagnoses. The most classical findings reflect the inflammatory nature of the disease, including mild pleocytosis, mild protein increase, intrathecal synthesis of immunoglobulin G, and, most typically, the presence of oligoclonal bands. In recent years, new biomarkers have emerged in the context of multiple sclerosis. The search for new biomarkers reflect the need of a better evaluation of disease activity, disease progression, and treatment efficiency...
January 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444083/interictal-abnormal-fmri-activation-of-visual-areas-during-a-motor-task-cued-by-visual-stimuli-in-migraine
#4
Adriana Bastos Conforto, Khallil Taverna Chaim, Mario Fernando Prieto Peres, André Leite Gonçalves, Inara Laurindo Siqueira, Maria Angela Maramaldo Barreiros, Edson Amaro
Objective: To assess changes in blood-oxygen-level-dependent activity after light deprivation compared to regular light exposure in subjects with migraine in the interictal state and in controls. Methods: Ten subjects with migraine and ten controls participated in two sessions of functional magnetic resonance imaging. In each session, they performed a finger-tapping task with the right hand, cued by visual stimuli. They were scanned before and after 30 minutes of light deprivation or light exposure...
January 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438248/program-factor-at-10-origins-development-and-future-directions
#5
Pere J Ferrando, Urbano Lorenzo-Seva
BACKGROUND: We aim to provide a conceptual view of the origins, development and future directions of FACTOR, a popular free program for fitting the factor analysis (FA) model. METHOD: The study is organized into three parts. In the first part we discuss FACTOR in its initial period (2006-2012) as a traditional FA program with many new and cutting-edge features. The second part discusses the present period (2013-2016) in which FACTOR has developed into a comprehensive program embedded in the framework of structural equation modelling and item response theory...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438201/relation-of-antioxidant-status-at-admission-and-disease-severity-and-outcome-in-dogs-naturally-infected-with-babesia-canis-canis
#6
Martina Crnogaj, José Joaquin Cerón, Iva Šmit, Ivana Kiš, Jelena Gotić, Mirna Brkljačić, Vesna Matijatko, Camila Peres Rubio, Nada Kučer, Vladimir Mrljak
BACKGROUND: Canine babesiosis is caused by species of the Babesia genus and has become an emerging disease worldwide. To the authors' knowledge there are no reports in which antioxidants have been analyzed in different presentations of canine babesiosis or in which the prognostic value of antioxidants has been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether oxidative stress could be related to the severity and outcome of canine babesiosis. For this purpose a profile consisting of four antioxidant biomarkers (superoxide dismutase - SOD, glutathione peroxidase - GPx, catalase, total antioxidant status - TAS) and malondialdehyde - MDA as an oxidant biomarker (previously evaluated, here studied for comparative purposes) were evaluated in dogs with canine babesiosis of different clinical severity and outcomes...
April 24, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437767/building-integrated-agriculture-a-first-assessment-of-aerobiological-air-quality-in-rooftop-greenhouses-i-rtgs
#7
Mireia Ercilla-Montserrat, Rebeca Izquierdo, Jordina Belmonte, Juan Ignacio Montero, Pere Muñoz, Concepción De Linares, Joan Rieradevall
Building-integrated rooftop greenhouse (i-RTG) agriculture has intensified in recent years, due to the growing interest in the development of new agricultural spaces and in the promotion of food self-sufficiency in urban areas. This paper provides a first assessment of the indoor dynamics of bioaerosols in an i-RTG, with the aim of evaluating biological air quality in a tomato greenhouse near Barcelona. It evaluates the greenhouse workers' exposure to airborne pollen and fungal spores in order to prevent allergy problems associated with occupational tasks...
April 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437525/visual-impairment-undercorrected-refractive-errors-and-activity-limitations-in-older-adults-findings-from-the-three-city-alienor-study
#8
Virginie Naël, Karine Pérès, Isabelle Carrière, Vincent Daien, Anne-Catherine Scherlen, Angelo Arleo, Jean-Francois Korobelnik, Cécile Delcourt, Catherine Helmer
Purpose: As vision is required in almost all activities of daily living, visual impairment (VI) may be one of the major treatable factors for preventing activity limitations. We aimed to evaluate the attributable risk of VI associated with activity limitations and the extent to which limitations are avoidable with optimal optical correction of undercorrected refractive errors. Methods: We analyzed 709 older adults from the Three-City-Alienor population-based study...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436959/peptide-mhc-based-nanomedicines-for-autoimmunity-function-as-t-cell-receptor-microclustering-devices
#9
Santiswarup Singha, Kun Shao, Yang Yang, Xavier Clemente-Casares, Patricia Solé, Antonio Clemente, Jesús Blanco, Qin Dai, Fayi Song, Shang Wan Liu, Jun Yamanouchi, Channakeshava Sokke Umeshappa, Roopa Hebbandi Nanjundappa, Pascal Detampel, Matthias Amrein, César Fandos, Robert Tanguay, Susan Newbigging, Pau Serra, Anmar Khadra, Warren C W Chan, Pere Santamaria
We have shown that nanoparticles (NPs) can be used as ligand-multimerization platforms to activate specific cellular receptors in vivo. Nanoparticles coated with autoimmune disease-relevant peptide-major histocompatibility complexes (pMHC) blunted autoimmune responses by triggering the differentiation and expansion of antigen-specific regulatory T cells in vivo. Here, we define the engineering principles impacting biological activity, detail a synthesis process yielding safe and stable compounds, and visualize how these nanomedicines interact with cognate T cells...
April 24, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435027/exercise-modulated-epigenetic-markers-and-inflammatory-response-in-copd-individuals-a-pilot-study
#10
Ivy Reichert Vital da Silva, Cintia Laura Pereira de Araujo, Gilson Pires Dorneles, Alessandra Peres, Andreia Luciana Bard, Gustavo Reinaldo, Paulo José Zimermann Teixeira, Pedro Dal Lago, Viviane Rostirola Elsner
The study investigated the effects of exercise on epigenetic signals and systemic cytokine levels in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) individuals. Ten participants of a pulmonary rehabilitation program were submitted to 24 sessions of a supervisioned exercise protocol thrice-weekly (90min/session). Blood samples were collected at baseline, after the 1st session, before and after the 24th session. A DNA hypomethylation status was observed after the 1st session when compared at baseline, while global histone H4 acetylation status was unaltered in any time-points evaluated...
April 19, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430024/cacao-phylloplane-the-first-battlefield-against-moniliophthora-perniciosa-the-causal-agent-of-witches-broom-disease
#11
Dayanne Silva Monteiro Almeida, Karina Peres Gramacho, Thyago H Santana Cardoso, Fabienne Micheli, Fátima Cerqueira Alvim, Carlos Priminho Priminho Pirovani
The phylloplane is the first contact surface between Theobroma cacao and the fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa, which causes witches' broom disease (WBD). We evaluated the index of short glandular trichomes (SGTs) in the cacao phylloplane and the effect of irrigation on the disease index of cacao genotypes with/without resistance to WBD, and identified proteins present in the phylloplane. The resistant and susceptible genotype CCN51 and Catongo presented a mean index of 1600 and 700 SGTs•cm-2, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425457/strong-reduction-of-thermal-conductivity-and-enhanced-thermoelectric-properties-in-cosbs1-xsex-paracostibite
#12
Radoslaw Chmielowski, Sandip Bhattacharya, Stéphane Jacob, Daniel Péré, Alain Jacob, Kenzo Moriya, Bruno Delatouche, Pascal Roussel, Georg Madsen, Gilles Dennler
In order to reduce the thermal conductivity of CoSbS, a newly developed thermoelectric semiconductor, we have aimed at intentionally induce atomic disorder in its structure. This endeavor was guided by Density Functional Theory(DFT) calculations which indicated that substituting sulfur with selenium might be easily achievable experimentally because of the low formation energy of this point defect. Thereby, CoSbS1-xSex compounds having 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 have been synthesized by solid state reaction. Besides the expected semiconducting paracostibite phase, we have observed the appearance of a semimetallic costibite phase, never reported experimentally before...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424070/antidepressant-use-and-cognitive-decline-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people-the-three-city-cohort
#13
Isabelle Carrière, Joanna Norton, Amandine Farré, Marilyn Wyart, Christophe Tzourio, Pernelle Noize, Karine Pérès, Annie Fourrier-Réglat, Karen Ritchie, Marie Laure Ancelin
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is very common in late-life depression, principally affecting executive skills and information processing speed. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of antidepressant treatment on cognitive performances over a 10-year period. METHODS: The community-based cohort included 7381 participants aged 65 years and above. Five cognitive domains (verbal fluency, psychomotor speed, executive function, visuospatial skills and global cognition) were assessed up to five times over 10 years of follow-up...
April 19, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424022/analytical-validation-of-an-automated-assay-for-ferric-reducing-ability-of-plasma-in-dog-serum
#14
Camila Peres Rubio, Silvia Martinez-Subiela, Josefa Hernández-Ruiz, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, José Joaquín Ceron
We performed analytical validation of an automated ferric-reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) assay in the serum of dogs. Intra- and interassay precision, accuracy, detection limit, and effects of hemolysis and lipemia were evaluated. Intra- and interassay coefficients of variation were <1% and <13%, respectively. The assay showed a high correlation with a FRAP assay described previously, and results were linear when serial sample dilutions were tested. The detection limit was lower than the values observed in sera from healthy dogs; decreased serum FRAP was found in dogs with leishmaniosis...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422322/pentraxin-3-modulates-lps-induced-inflammatory-response-and-attenuates-liver-injury
#15
Luis Perea, Mar Coll, Lucia Sanjurjo, Delia Blaya, Adil El Taghdouini, Daniel Rodrigo-Torres, José Altamirano, Isabel Graupera, Beatriz Aguilar-Bravo, Marta Llopis, Julia Vallverdú, Joan Caballeria, Leo A van Grunsven, Maria-Rosa Sarrias, Pere Ginès, Pau Sancho-Bru
Acute-on-chronic liver injury is characterized by an important inflammatory response frequently associated with endotoxemia. In this context, acute phase proteins such as Pentraxin-3 (PTX3) are released, however, little is known about their role in chronic liver disease. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of PTX3 in liver injury. Role of PTX3 was evaluated in cultured human cells, liver tissue slices and mice with acute-on-chronic liver injury. PTX3 expression was assessed in tissue and serum samples from 54 patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH)...
April 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421228/extraordinary-findings-in-a-case-of-self-inflicted-cutaneous-lesions
#16
Maria Julia Canuto, Ana Claudia Grizzo Peres Martins, Alexandre Jack Dwan, Cyro Festa Neto, Marcello Menta Simonsen Nico
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412164/diagnosis-and-management-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-among-older-persons-state-of-the-art
#17
REVIEW
Omar Ortega, Alberto Martín, Pere Clavé
Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a condition recognized by the World Health Organization and defined as the difficulty or inability to move a bolus safely and effectively from the oral cavity to the esophagus, and can include aspirations, choking, and residue. OD is pandemic among different phenotypes of older people, affecting between 27% and 91% of the population 70 years or older. Although OD can be diagnosed by well-defined clinical methods and complementary explorations, in the clinical setting OD is seldom systematically screened and treated, and awareness among the medical/geriatric community is scarce...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411112/morphine-use-in-the-emergency-department-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis-based-on-the-eahfe-registry
#18
Òscar Miró, Víctor Gil, Francisco J Martín-Sánchez, Pablo Herrero, Javier Jacob, Alexandre Mebazaa, Veli-Pekka Harjola, José Ríos, Judd E Hollander, W Frank Peacock, Pere Llorens
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between short-term mortality and intravenous morphine use in emergency department (ED) patients diagnosed with acute heart failure (AHF). METHODS: Consecutive AHF patients presenting to 34 Spanish EDs from 2011 to 2014 were eligible for inclusion. The subjects were divided into those with or without intravenous morphine treatment (M and WOM groups, respectively) during ED stay. The primary outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality, and secondary outcomes were mortality at different intermediate time points, in-hospital mortality, and length of hospital stay (LOS)...
April 11, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411003/bryne-s-grading-system-predicts-poor-disease-specific-survival-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-comparative-study-among-different-histologic-grading-systems
#19
Vivian Petersen Wagner, Liana Preto Webber, Marina Curra, Isadora Peres Klein, Luise Meurer, Vinicius Coelho Carrad, Manoela Domingues Martins
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to access the prognostic value of 4 histopathologic grading systems of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC): The World Health Organization (WHO), Anneroth, Bryne (1989), and Bryne (1992). STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-five cases of OSCC diagnosed between 1996 and 2010 at the Clinics Hospital of Porto Alegre (Porto Alegre, Brazil) were included. Slides stained with hematoxylin and eosin were obtained, and a histologic grade was assigned on the basis of the consensus of 3 expert oral pathologists, who were blinded to the clinicopathologic factors...
February 28, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410797/-infobarris-an-interactive-tool-to-monitor-and-disseminate-information-on-health-and-its-determinants-in-the-neighbourhoods-of-barcelona-spain
#20
Pere Llimona, Glòria Pérez, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Ana M Novoa, Albert Espelt, Patricia Garcia de Olalla, Carme Borrell
In order to know about the health of the population, it is necessary to perform a systematic and continuous analysis of their health status and social and economic health determinants. The objective of this paper is to describe the development and implementation of the Infobarris tool, which allows to visualize a wide battery of indicators and social determinants of health by neighbourhoods in the city of Barcelona (Spain). For the development of the Infobarris tool, we used an agile methodology that allows the development of a project in iterative and incremental stages, which are the following: selection of indicators, design of the prototype, development of the tool, data loading, and tool review and improvements...
April 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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