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Human hemin

Megan Sjodt, Ramsay Macdonald, Joanna D Marshall, Joseph Clayton, John S Olson, Martin L Phillips, David A Gell, Jeff Wereszczynski, Robert T Clubb
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of life-threatening infections in the United States. It actively acquires the essential nutrient iron from human hemoglobin (Hb) using the iron-regulated surface-determinant (Isd) system. This process is initiated when the closely related bacterial IsdB and IsdH receptors bind to Hb and extract its hemin through a conserved tri-domain unit that contains two NEAr iron Transporter (NEAT) domains that are connected by a helical linker domain. Previously, we demonstrated that the tri-domain unit within IsdH (IsdHN2N3 ) triggers hemin release by distorting Hb's F-helix...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Naoya Uchida, Juan J Haro-Mora, Selami Demirci, Atsushi Fujita, Lydia Raines, Matthew M Hsieh, John F Tisdale
A reliable cell line capable of robust in vitro erythroid differentiation would be useful to investigate red blood cell (RBC) biology and genetic strategies for RBC diseases. K562 cells are widely utilized for erythroid differentiation; however, current differentiation methods are insufficient to analyze globin proteins. In this study, we sought to improve erythroid differentiation from K562 cells to enable protein-level globin analysis. K562 cells were exposed to a variety of reagents including hemin, rapamycin, imatinib, and/or decitabine (known erythroid inducers), and cultured in basic culture media or erythropoietin-based differentiation media...
March 7, 2018: Experimental Hematology
Alfia Khaibullina, Elena A Adjei, Nowah Afangbedji, Andrey Ivanov, Namita Kumari, Luis E F Almeida, Zenaide M N Quezado, Sergei Nekhai, Marina Jerebtsova
Sickle cell disease patients are at increased risk of developing a chronic kidney disease. Endothelial dysfunction and inflammation associated with hemolysis lead to vasculopathy and contribute to the development of renal disease. Here we used a Townes sickle cell disease mouse model to examine renal endothelial injury. Renal disease in Townes mice was associated with glomerular hypertrophy, capillary dilation and congestion, and significant endothelial injury. We also detected substantial renal macrophage infiltration, and accumulation of macrophage stimulating protein 1 in glomerular capillary...
March 8, 2018: Haematologica
Ingar Olsen, Sim K Singhrao
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Porphyromonas gingivalis exists in at least two known forms, O-LPS and A-LPS. A-LPS shows heterogeneity in which two isoforms designated LPS1 ,435/1 ,449 and LPS1 ,690 appear responsible for tissue-specific immune signalling pathways activation and increased virulence. The modification of lipid A to tetra-acylated1 ,435/1 ,449 and/or penta-acylated1 ,690 fatty acids indicates poor growth conditions and bioavailability of hemin. Hemin protects P. gingivalis from serum resistance and the lipid A serves as a site for its binding...
2018: Journal of Oral Microbiology
Caroline Schmitt, Hugo Lenglet, Angèle Yu, Constance Delaby, Arndt Benecke, Thibaud Lefebvre, Philippe Letteron, Valérie Paradis, Staffan Wahlin, Sverre Sandberg, Pauline Harper, Eliane Sardh, Arne Kristian Sandvik, Johannes R Hov, Aasne Karine Aarsand, Laurence Chiche, Céline Bazille, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Jordi To Figueras, Montserrat Carrascal, Joaquim Abian, Arienne Mirmiran, Zoubida Karim, Jean-Charles Deybach, Hervé Puy, Katell Peoc'h, Hana Manceau, Laurent Gouya
BACKGROUND: Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is an inherited disorder of heme metabolism characterized by life-threatening acute neurovisceral attacks due to the induction of hepatic δ-aminolevulinic acid synthase 1 (ALAS1) associated with hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HMBS) deficiency. So far, the treatment of choice is hemin which represses ALAS1. The main issue in the medical care of AIP patients is the occurrence of debilitating recurrent attacks. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether chronic hemin administration contributes to the recurrence of acute attacks...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
Hiroaki Kawano, Katsushiro Miyamoto, Megumi Yasunobe, Masahiro Murata, Eri Yamahata, Ryo Yamaguchi, Yuta Miyaki, Takahiro Tsuchiya, Tomotaka Tanabe, Tatsuya Funahashi, Hiroshi Tsujibo
Vibrio vulnificus, the causative agent of serious, often fatal, infections in humans, requires iron for its pathogenesis. As such, it obtains iron via both vulnibactin and heme-mediated iron-uptake systems. In this study, we identified the heme acquisition system in V. vulnificus M2799. The nucleotide sequences of the genes encoding heme receptors HupA and HvtA and the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport system proteins HupB, HupC, and HupD were determined, and then used in the construction of deletion mutants developed from a Δics strain, which could not synthesize vulnibactin...
February 9, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Qinqin Sun, Fei Yan, Bin Su
3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) has been frequently used as an indicator in G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme (G4zyme)-based chemical and biochemical analysis, and its oxidation products are usually monitored by electrochemical or optical methods to quantify G4zyme formation-related analytes. Herein we report a simple electrochemical approach based on isoporous silica-micelle membrane (iSMM) to measure TMB, instead of its oxidation products, in G4zyme-based detection of specific analytes. The iSMM was grown on the indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode, which was composed of highly ordered, vertically oriented silica nanochannels and cylindrical micelles of cetyltrimethylammonium...
May 15, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Fei Qu, Beibei Mao, Fangfang Xue, Lian Xia, Jinmao You, Cuihua Song
In this paper, fluorescent Ag nanoclusters (Ag NCs) templated by hyperbranched polyethyleneimine (PEI) are utilized as a versatile probe through the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) between PEI-Ag NCs and G-quadruplex-hemin complexes. In the presence of hemin and target molecule, the specific conjugation with its aptamer induces the conformational change of the DNA sequence, releasing the G-quadruplex sequence part. Once the G-quadruplex-hemin complexes are introduced, electron transfer from the PEI-Ag NCs to G-quadruplex-hemin complexes occurs, resulting in fluorescence quenching...
January 31, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Chia-Chen Hsu, Andrea Serio, Nadav Amdursky, Cyril Besnard, Molly M Stevens
Neural tissue engineering (TE) represents a promising new avenue of therapy to support nerve recovery and regeneration. To recreate the complex environment in which neurons develop and mature, the ideal biomaterials for neural TE require a number of properties and capabilities including the appropriate biochemical and physical cues to adsorb and release specific growth factors. Here, we present neural TE constructs based on electrospun serum albumin (SA) fibrous scaffolds. We doped our SA scaffolds with an iron-containing porphyrin, hemin, to confer conductivity, and then functionalized them with different recombinant proteins and growth factors to ensure cell attachment and proliferation...
January 30, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Li Jiang, Xing Wang, Yong Wang, Xiaoyan Chen
miR-222 plays an important role in erythroid differentiation, but the potential targets of miR-222 in the regulation of erythroid differentiation remain to be determined. The target genes of miR-222 were identified by proteomics combined with bioinformatics analysis in this study. Thirteen proteins were upregulated, and 13 were downregulated in K562 cells following transfection with miR-222 inhibitor for 24 and 48 hours. Among these proteins, BLVRA and CRKL were upregulated after transfection of miR-222 inhibitor in K562 cells and human CD34+ HPCs...
January 24, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Lindsey R Lyman, Eric D Peng, Michael P Schmitt
Corynebacterium diphtheriae utilizes various heme-containing proteins, including hemoglobin (Hb) and the hemoglobin-haptoglobin complex (Hb-Hp), as iron sources during growth in iron-depleted environments. The ability to utilize Hb-Hp as an iron source requires the surface anchored proteins HtaA and either ChtA or ChtC. The ability to bind hemin, Hb and Hb-Hp by each of these C. diphtheriae proteins requires the previously characterized Conserved Region (CR) domain. In this study, we identified an Hb-Hp binding protein, HbpA (38...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Seong U Kim, Bhagwan S Batule, Hyoyoung Mun, Ju-Young Byun, Won-Bo Shim, Min-Gon Kim
We have developed a novel strategy for the colorimetric detection of PCR products by utilizing a target-specific primer modified at the 5'-end with an anti-DNAzyme sequence. A single-stranded DNAzyme sequence folds into a G-quadruplex structure with hemin and shows strong peroxidase activity. When the complementary strand binds to the DNAzyme sequence, it blocks the formation of the G-quadraduplex structure and loses its peroxidase activity. In the presence of the target gene, PCR amplification proceeds, and anti-DNAzyme sequence modified primers present in the reaction mixture form a double strand through primer extension...
January 4, 2018: Analyst
Xiangguo Wang, Boyang Zhu, Shanhui Xiong, Xihui Sheng, Xiaolong Qi, Qizhen Huang, Chaolei Chen, Yong Guo, Hemin Ni
Mucin 1 (MUC1), a cell surface glycoprotein, is expressed mainly in the endometrial luminal epithelium (LE) and glandular epithelium (GE) of the endometrium in many mammalian species including mice, rats, pigs, sheep, horses and humans during various stages of a menstrual or oestrous cycle, where it plays an important role in embryo implantation and placentation. However, the expression and function of MUC1 in uterine tissues during early pregnancy in sheep after artificially-induced oestrous is not known. Therefore, we investigated the expression and function of MUC1 in the early pregnant and non-pregnant uterine tissues of sheep with natural oestrous or artificially-induced oestrous on days 10, 12, 14, 16 and 18 of the cycle by in situ hybridization, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemical staining and western blotting methods...
December 20, 2017: Theriogenology
Magdalena Makarska-Bialokoz
The binding interactions between hemin (Hmi) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) or human hemoglobin (HHb), respectively, have been examined in aqueous solution at pH=7.4, applying UV-vis absorption, as well as steady-state, synchronous and three-dimensional fluorescence spectra techniques. Representative results received for both BSA and HHb intrinsic fluorescence proceeding from the interactions with hemin suggest the formation of stacking non-covalent and non-fluorescent complexes in both the Hmi-BSA and Hmi-HHb systems, with highly possible concurrent formation of a coordinate bond between a group on the protein surface and the metal in Hmi molecule...
March 15, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Ferenc Zsila, Tünde Juhász, Szilvia Bősze, Kata Horváti, Tamás Beke-Somfai
The interaction of protoporphyrin compounds of human origin with the major bee venom component melittin (26 a.a., Z +6) and its hybrid derivative (CM15, 15 a.a., Z +6) were studied by a combination of various spectroscopic methods. Throughout a two-state, concentration-dependent process, hemin and its metabolites (biliverdin, bilirubin, bilirubin ditaurate) increase the parallel β-sheet content of the natively unfolded melittin, suggesting the oligomerization of the peptide chains. In contrast, α-helix promoting effect was observed with the also disordered but more cationic CM15...
November 7, 2017: Chirality
Eun Jung Park, Young Min Kim, Ki Churl Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) plays an important role as a pro-inflammatory cytokine that regulates inflammation in various diseases. We hypothesized that hemin might reduce HMGB1 release through the induction of HO-1 in UVB-induced HaCaTs. METHODS: The effects of hemin on the release of HMGB1 in UVB exposure were evaluated. The mechanisms were investigated using various signal inhibitors and small interfering RNA techniques. RESULTS: Treatment with hemin inhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) in UVB-induced HaCaTs in a dose-dependent manner...
July 2017: Archives of Medical Research
Michael Brad Strader, Rachel Bangle, Claire J Parker Siburt, Cornelius L Varnado, Jayashree Soman, Andres S Benitez Cardenas, Premila S Samuel, Eileen W Singleton, Alvin L Crumbliss, John S Olson, Abdu I Alayash
Previous work suggested that hemoglobin (Hb) tetramer formation slows autoxidation and hemin loss and that the naturally occurring mutant, Hb Providence (βK82D) is much more resistant to degradation by H2O2 We have examined systematically the effects of genetic crosslinking of Hb tetramers with and without the Hb Providence mutation on autoxidation, hemin loss, and reactions with H2O2, using native HbA and various wild-type recombinant Hbs as controls. Genetically crosslinked Hb Presbyterian (βN108K) was also examined as an example of a low oxygen affinity tetramer...
October 25, 2017: Biochemical Journal
Haitang Yang, Anran Liu, Min Wei, Yuanjian Liu, Bingjing Lv, Wei Wei, Yuanjian Zhang, Songqin Liu
Early diagnosis and life-long surveillance are clinically important to improve the long-term survival of cancer patients. Telomerase activity is a valuable biomarker for cancer diagnosis, but its measurement often used complex label procedures. Herein, we designed a novel, simple, visual and label-free method for telomerase detection by using enzymatic etching of gold nanorods (GNRs). First, repeating (TTAGGG)x sequences were extented on telomerase substrate (TS) primer. It formed G-quadruplex under the help of Hemin and K(+)...
November 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Daxiu Li, Jiaqing Xie, Wenjiao Zhou, Bingying Jiang, Ruo Yuan, Yun Xiang
The determination of the level of Cu(2+) plays important roles in disease diagnosis and environmental monitoring. By coupling Cu(+)-catalyzed click chemistry and metal ion-dependent DNAzyme cyclic amplification, we have developed a convenient and sensitive colorimetric sensing method for the detection of Cu(2+) in human serums. The target Cu(2+) can be reduced by ascorbate to form Cu(+), which catalyzes the azide-alkyne cycloaddition between the azide- and alkyne-modified DNAs to form Mg(2+)-dependent DNAzymes...
September 4, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Jinlong Li, Guangwu He, Chaoli Mu, Keming Wang, Yang Xiang
DNA methylation catalyzed by DNA methyltransferase plays an important role in many biological processes including gene transcription, genomic imprinting and cellular differentiation. Herein, a novel and effective electrochemical method for the assay of DNA methyltransferase 1(DNMT1) activity has been successfully developed by using uracil-specific excision reagent (USER) induced G-quadruplex formation. Briefly, double stranded DNA containing the recognition sequence of DNMT1 is immobilized on the electrode...
September 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
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