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Human hemin

Cheng-Gang Li, Meng-Fan Pu, Chun-Zhu Li, Man Gao, Ming-Xia Liu, Cun-Zhi Yu, Hong Yan, Chun Peng, Yang Zhao, Yu Li, Ze-Long Ma, Xin-Ming Qi, Yi-Zheng Wang, Ling-Ling Miao, Jin Ren
AIM: Previous studies have shown that microRNA-1304 (miR-1304) is dysregulated in certain types of cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and might be involved in tumor survival and/or growth. In this study we investigated the direct target of miR-1304 and its function in NSCLC in vitro. METHODS: Human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines (A549 and NCI-H1975) were studied. The cell proliferation and survival were investigated via cell counting, MTT and colony-formation assays...
September 19, 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Shuntaro Takahashi, Sudipta Bhowmik, Naoki Sugimoto
DNA guanine-quadruplexes (G-quadruplexes) complexed with the Fe-containing porphyrin, hemin (iron(III)-protoporphyrin IX), can catalyze oxidation reactions. This so-called DNAzyme has been widely used in the field of DNA nanotechnology. To improve DNAzyme properties, we sought to elucidate the interaction mechanism between G-quadruplex DNA and hemin. Here, we performed volumetric analyses of formation of the complex between an oligonucleotide with the sequence of human telomeric DNA (h-telo) and hemin. The G-quadruplex DNA alone and the G-quadruplex DNA-hemin complex were destabilized with increasing pressure in Na(+) buffer...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Xiaolin Xu, Min Wei, Yuanjian Liu, Xu Liu, Wei Wei, Yuanjian Zhang, Songqin Liu
Telomerase, a widely accepted cancer biomarker for early cancer diagnostics, is considered as an important therapeutic target. To now, it is still a challenging subject to develop a simple and sensitive strategy for telomerase activity detection. Herein, we reported a simple colorimetric strategy for label-free quantification of human telomerase activity in urine by using hemin-graphene nanomaterial (H-GNs). H-GNs possessed tailored dispersibility in the high salt concentration and highly active biomimetic oxidation catalyst property...
September 2, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Bum-Yong Kang, Kathy Park, Jennifer M Kleinhenz, Tamara C Murphy, Roy L Sutliff, David Archer, C Michael Hart
Pulmonary hypertension (PH), a serious complication of sickle cell disease (SCD), causes significant morbidity and mortality. While recent study determined that hemin release during hemolysis triggers endothelial dysfunction in SCD, the pathogenesis of SCD-PH remains incompletely defined. This study examines peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) regulation in SCD-PH and endothelial dysfunction. PH and right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) were studied in Townes humanized sickle cell (SS) and littermate control (AA) mice...
September 9, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Kai Shi, Baoting Dou, Jianmei Yang, Ruo Yuan, Yun Xiang
Specific and sensitive detection of protein biomarkers is of great importance in biomedical and bioanalytical applications. In this work, a dual amplified signal enhancement approach based on the integration of catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated in situ DNA polymerization has been developed for highly sensitive and label-free electrochemical detection of thrombin in human serums. The presence of the target thrombin leads to the unfolding and capture of a significant number of hairpin signal probes with free 3'-OH termini on the sensor electrode...
August 18, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Zhenli Qiu, Jian Shu, Yu He, Zhenzhen Lin, Kangyao Zhang, Shuzhen Lv, Dianping Tang
Lysozyme with a small monomeric globular enzymatic protein is part of the innate immune system, and its deficiency can cause the increased incidence of disease. Herein, we devise a new signal-enhanced fluorescence aptasensing platform for quantitative screening of lysozyme by coupling with rolling circle amplification (RCA) and strand hybridization reaction, accompanying the assembly of CdTe/CdSe quantum dots (QDs) and hemin/G-quadruplex DNzyme. Initially, target-triggered release of the primer was carried out from DNA duplex via the reaction of the aptamer with the analyte, and the released primer could be then utilized as the template to produce numerous repeated oligonucleotide sequences by the RCA reaction...
August 3, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Vitul Jain, Manickam Yogavel, Amit Sharma
Excess cellular heme is toxic, and malaria parasites regulate its levels during hemoglobin digestion. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are ubiquitous enzymes, and of these, arginyl-tRNA synthetase (RRS) is unique as its enzymatic product of charged tRNA is required for protein synthesis and degradation. We show that Plasmodium falciparum arginyl-tRNA synthetase (PfRRS) is an active, cytosolic, and monomeric enzyme. Its high-resolution crystal structure highlights critical structural differences with the human enzyme...
September 6, 2016: Structure
Yoshiko Kubota, Kazumi Nomura, Yasutake Katoh, Rina Yamashita, Kiriko Kaneko, Kazumichi Furuyama
In eukaryotic cells, heme production is tightly controlled by heme itself through negative feedback-mediated regulation of nonspecific 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALAS1), which is a rate-limiting enzyme for heme biosynthesis. However, the mechanism driving the heme-dependent degradation of the ALAS1 protein in mitochondria is largely unknown. In the current study, we provide evidence that the mitochondrial ATP-dependent protease ClpXP, which is a heteromultimer of CLPX and CLPP, is involved in the heme-dependent degradation of ALAS1 in mitochondria...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Mohammed Nooraldeen Al-Qattan, Mohd Nizam Mordi, Sharif Mahsofi Mansor
BACKGROUND: Glutathione-s-transferases (GSTs) are enzymes that principally catalyze the conjugation of electrophilic compounds to the endogenous nucleophilic glutathione substrate, besides, they have other non-catalytic functions. The Plasmodium falciparum genome encodes a single isoform of GST (PfGST) which is involved in buffering the toxic heme, thus considered a potential anti-malarial target. In mammals several classes of GSTs are available, each of various isoforms. The human (human GST Pi-1 or hGSTP1) and mouse (murine GST Mu-1 or mGSTM1) GST isoforms control cellular apoptosis by interaction with signaling proteins, thus considered as potential anti-cancer targets...
July 25, 2016: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Fernanda Duarte, Edson Andrade Pessoa, Luciana Aparecida Reis, Nestor Schor, Fernanda Teixeira Borges
INTRODUCTION: Priming is the mechanism of protection induced by a previous exposition of a cell or organ to low or equal concentrations of a toxic substance. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the mechanism of priming induced by the previous exposition to gentamicin in human proximal tubular cells and nephrotoxic acute renal failure (ARF). METHODS: Wistar rats and tubular cells were exposed to gentamicin 2mM during 24h or 40 mg/kg during 3 days and after one rest week were exposed to the same concentration during 24h in cells and additional ten days in rats...
June 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Jianmei Yang, Baoting Dou, Ruo Yuan, Yun Xiang
Thrombin plays important roles for the diagnosis of neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases. By integrating proximity binding-induced strand displacement and metal ion-dependent DNAzyme recycling amplification, we demonstrate here the development of a simple and sensitive strategy for the detection of thrombin in human serums. The binding of the two distinct aptamers to the thrombin targets increases the local concentration of the aptamers and facilitates the release of the enzymatic sequences through proximity binding-induced strand displacement...
August 16, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Saad Tayyab, Mohamad Mirza Izzudin, Md Zahirul Kabir, Shevin R Feroz, Wei-Ven Tee, Saharuddin B Mohamad, Zazali Alias
Binding characteristics of a promising anticancer drug, axitinib (AXT) to human serum albumin (HSA), the major transport protein in human blood circulation, were studied using fluorescence, UV-vis absorption and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy as well as molecular docking analysis. A gradual decrease in the Stern-Volmer quenching constant with increasing temperature revealed the static mode of the protein fluorescence quenching upon AXT addition, thus confirmed AXT-HSA complex formation. This was also confirmed from alteration in the UV-vis spectrum of HSA upon AXT addition...
September 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Liang Zhu, Maohong Cao, Yaohui Ni, Lijian Han, Aihua Dai, Rongrong Chen, Xiaojin Ning, Xiaorong Liu, Kaifu Ke
Human transforming growth factor β-activated kinase (TAK1)-binding protein 3 (TAB3) is a regulator of NF-κB which has been mainly found in a variety of cancers. While TAB3 is highly expressed in brain tissue, little is known about the function of TAB3 in central nervous system. Our group established an animal ICH model with autologous whole blood injected into brain, and also a cell ICH model with hemin stimulation. Our Western blot result showed up-regulation of TAB3 during neuronal apoptosis in the model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), which was also approved by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry result...
June 28, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
A E Bharucha, S L Daley, P A Low, S J Gibbons, K M Choi, M Camilleri, J J Saw, G Farrugia, A R Zinsmeister
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic options for management of diabetic gastroparesis are limited. Failure to maintain upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO1) leads to loss of interstitial cells of Cajal and delayed gastric emptying (GE) in non-obese diabetic mice. Our hypothesis was that hemin upregulation of HO1 would restore normal GE in humans with gastroparesis. AIMS: To compare effects of hemin and placebo infusions on HO1 activity and protein, GE, autonomic function, and gastrointestinal symptoms in diabetic gastroparesis...
June 9, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Xihui Sheng, Ligang Wang, Hemin Ni, Lixian Wang, Xiaolong Qi, Shuhan Xing, Yong Guo
The molecular mechanism regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs) that underlies postnatal hypertrophy of skeletal muscle is complex and remains unclear. Here, the miRNAomes of longissimus dorsi muscle collected at five postnatal stages (60, 120, 150, 180, and 210 days after birth) from Large White (commercial breed) and Min pigs (indigenous breed of China) were analyzed by Illumina sequencing. We identified 734 miRNAs comprising 308 annotated miRNAs and 426 novel miRNAs, of which 307 could be considered pig-specific...
2016: PloS One
Reiko Akagi, Masaaki Akagi, Yuta Hatori, Sachiye Inouye
In this study we investigated the effect of free heme, the local level of which was increased by bleeding, on the intestinal barrier function, using human epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (Caco-2). Our results show that the addition of hemin to the culture medium markedly disrupted the barrier function, which was significantly improved by glutamine supplementation. Although hemin treatment caused the increased expression of heme oxygenase (HO)-1, the inhibition of HO activity resulted in the aggravation of hemin-induced barrier dysfunction...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Nan Cai, Yan Li, Shufan Chen, Xingguang Su
In this paper, a fluorometric assay platform for fluorescence detection of caffeic acid was designed based on the peroxidase-mimicking activities of G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme. Under the catalysis of the formed G-quadruplex/hemin complex, H2O2 could be decomposed into hydroxyl radicals with strong oxidation properties. Then caffeic acid would be oxidized by the released hydroxyl radicals, resulting in the product caffeic acid-quinone. Normally, caffeic acid has no influence on the fluorescence of graphene quantum dots...
July 21, 2016: Analyst
K Vanova, S Boukalova, H Gbelcova, L Muchova, J Neuzil, R Gurlich, T Ruml, L Vitek
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is recognized as one of the most fatal tumors due to its aggressiveness and resistance to therapy. Statins were previously shown to inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells via various signaling pathways. In healthy tissues, statins activate the heme oxygenase pathway, nevertheless the role of heme oxygenase in pancreatic cancer is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate, whether anti-proliferative effects of statins in pancreatic cancer cells are mediated via the heme oxygenase pathway...
2016: BMC Cancer
Kai Shi, Baoting Dou, Jianmei Yang, Ruo Yuan, Yun Xiang
The monitoring of microRNA (miRNA) expression levels is of great importance in cancer diagnosis. In the present work, based on two cascaded toehold-mediated strand displacement reactions (TSDRs), we have developed a label- and enzyme-free target recycling signal amplification approach for sensitive electronic detection of miRNA-21 from human breast cancer cells. The junction probes containing the locked G-quadruplex forming sequences are self-assembled on the senor surface. The presence of the target miRNA-21 initiates the first TSDR and results in the disassembly of the junction probes and the release of the active G-quadruplex forming sequences...
April 15, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Krisztina Gaál, Tünde Tarr, Hajnalka Lőrincz, Viktor Borbás, Ildikó Seres, Mariann Harangi, Péter Fülöp, György Paragh
BACKGROUND: The causes of increased cardiovascular risk in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are not understood thoroughly, although presence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and disease-specific agents were also proposed. In this study, we investigated the quantitative changes in the lipid profile, as well as qualitative characteristics of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and markers of inflammation and disease activity in SLE patients. METHODS: Lipoprotein levels were determined in 51 SLE patients and 49 healthy controls, matched in age and gender...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
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