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Self healing

Nirav Patel, Justine Pierson, Timothy Lee, Bruce Mast, Bernard T Lee, Irene Estores, Dhruv Singhal
BACKGROUND: Integrative medicine (IM) is currently used by 40% of Americans. Our objective is to examine the prevalence and perception of IM utilization in patients being evaluated for elective plastic surgery. METHODS: In July 2014, 402 consecutive patients presenting to plastic surgery clinics at the University of Florida, Veterans Affairs (VA), and Private Practices in Gainesville, Florida were requested to complete a survey regarding utilization of and attitudes towards IM...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Or Friedman, Ehud Arad, Oded Ben Amotz
In the pursuit of success in sports, some athletes are not deterred by health risks associated with the (mis)use of black market preparations of dubious origin as performance-enhancing agents. Several studies published in the recent years demonstrated that anabolic-androgenic steroids, but also stimulants and growth hormones, are misused by numerous recreational athletes from all over the world. Trenbolone is an anabolic steroid routinely used in the finishing phase of beef production to improve animal performance and feed efficiency...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Yongsan Li, Yingwei Zhang, Feng Shi, Lei Tao, Yen Wei, Xing Wang
Cell therapy has attracted wide attention among researchers in biomaterial and medical areas. As a carrier, hydrogels that could keep high viability of the embedded cells have been developed. However, few researches were conducted on 3D cell proliferation, a key factor for cell therapy, especially after injection. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time the proliferation regulation of the 3D-embedded L929 cells in a modulus-tunable and injectable self-healing hydrogel before and after injection without adding specific growth factor...
October 12, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Yujia Zhou, Gesheng Wang, Jialin Liu, Yong Du, Lei Wang, Xiaoyong Wang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of medical adhesive glue for tension-reduced duraplasty in decompressive craniotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 56 cases were enrolled for this study from Jan 2013 to May 2015. All patients underwent decompressive craniotomy and the dura was repaired in all of them with tension-reduced duraplasty using the COMPONT medical adhesive to glue artificial dura together. The postoperative complications and the healing of dura mater were observed and recorded...
October 14, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Alice Running, Laura Hildreth
To re-examine the effectiveness of a bio-energy intervention on self-reported stress for a convenience sample of university students during dead week, a quasi-experimental, single-group pretest-posttest design was used. Thirty-three students participated, serving as their own controls. After participants had consented, a 15-min Healing Touch intervention followed enrollment. Self-reported stress was significantly reduced after the bio-energy (Healing Touch) intervention. Bio-energy therapy has shown to be beneficial in reducing stress for students during dead week, the week before final examinations...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
Hwan D Kim, Hae Lin Jang, Hyo-Yong Ahn, Hye Kyoung Lee, Jungha Park, Eun-Seo Lee, Eunjee A Lee, Yong-Hoon Jeong, Do-Gyoon Kim, Ki Tae Nam, Nathaniel S Hwang
Bone remodeling process relies on complex signaling pathway between osteoblasts and osteoclasts and control mechanisms to achieve homeostasis of their growth and differentiation. Despite previous achievements in understanding complicated signaling pathways between cells and bone extracellular matrices during bone remodeling process, a role of local ionic concentration remains to be elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that synthetic whitlockite (WH: Ca18Mg2(HPO4)2(PO4)12) nanoparticles can recapitulate early-stage of bone regeneration through stimulating osteogenic differentiation, prohibiting osteoclastic activity, and transforming into mechanically enhanced hydroxyapatite (HAP)-neo bone tissues by continuous supply of PO4(3-) and Mg(2+) under physiological conditions...
October 11, 2016: Biomaterials
Younseon Wang, Joseph P Park, Sang Hyeon Hong, Haeshin Lee
A new insect-cuticle- and fruit-browning-mimetic film exhibiting simultaneous self-healing and self-sealing properties only by ambient oxygen without external stimuli is developed. The film is formed at the liquid/air interface via crosslinking of phenolic compounds and poly(amine) chains. The film can be self-healed over a hundred times under ambient air at room temperature without exogenous materials and stimuli.
October 14, 2016: Advanced Materials
Ramesh Babu Kasetti, Subhash Gaddipati, Shifu Tian, Lei Xue, Winston W-Y Kao, Qingxian Lu, Qiutang Li
Key issues in corneal epithelium biology are the mechanism for corneal epithelium stem cells to maintain the corneal epithelial homeostasis and wound healing responses, and what are the regulatory molecular pathways involved. There are apparent discrepancies about the locations of the progenitor populations responsible for corneal epithelial self-renewal. We have developed a genetic mouse model to trace the corneal epithelial progenitor lineages during adult corneal epithelial homeostasis and wound healing response...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mohor B Sengupta, Suparna Saha, Pradeep K Mohanty, Kiran K Mukhopadhyay, Debashis Mukhopadhyay
ApoA1 is a player in reverse cholesterol transport that initiates multiple cellular pathways on binding to its receptor ABCA1. Its relation to neuronal injury is however unclear. We found ApoA1 to be increasingly abundant at a later time point in the secondary phase of traumatic spinal cord injury. In a cellular injury model of neuroblastoma, ApoA1 showed an initial diminished expression after infliction of injury, which sharply increased thereafter. Subsequently, ApoA1 was shown to alter wound healing dynamics in neuroblastoma injury model...
October 13, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
William R Mook, Joshua A Greenspoon, Peter J Millett
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are a significant cause of shoulder morbidity. Surgical techniques for repair have evolved to optimize the biologic and mechanical variables critical to tendon healing. Double-row repairs have demonstrated superior biomechanical advantages to a single-row. METHODS: The preferred technique for rotator cuff repair of the senior author was reviewed and described in a step by step fashion. The final construct is a knotless double row transosseous equivalent construct...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Remko van Lieshout, Mirelle J Stukstette, Rob A de Bie, Benedicte Vanwanseele, Martijn F Pisters
Study Design Controlled laboratory study to assess criterion-related validity, with a cross-sectional within-subject design. Background Patients with orthopaedic conditions have difficulties complying with partial weight-bearing instructions. Technological advances have resulted in biofeedback devices that offer real-time feedback. However, the accuracy of these devices is mostly unknown. Inaccurate feedback can result in incorrect lower-limb loading and may lead to delayed healing. Objectives To investigate validity of peak force measurements obtained using 3 different biofeedback devices under varying levels of partial weight-bearing categories...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Yang Zhao, Ye Zhang, Hao Sun, Xiaoli Dong, Jingyu Cao, Lie Wang, Yifan Xu, Jing Ren, Yunil Hwang, In Hyuk Son, Xianliang Huang, Yonggang Wang, Huisheng Peng
Flexible lithium-ion batteries are critical for the next-generation electronics. However, during the practical application, they may break under deformations such as twisting and cutting, causing their failure to work or even serious safety problems. A new family of all-solid-state and flexible aqueous lithium ion batteries that can self-heal after breaking has been created by designing aligned carbon nanotube sheets loaded with LiMn2 O4 and LiTi2 (PO4 )3 nanoparticles on a self-healing polymer substrate as electrodes, and a new kind of lithium sulfate/sodium carboxymethylcellulose serves as both gel electrolyte and separator...
October 12, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Sijun Liu, Lin Li
Combining an ionically cross-linked κ-carrageenan network with a covalently cross-linked polyacrylamide network, we have fabricated a κ-carrageenan/polyacrylamide double network (DN) hydrogel using a one-pot method. The resulting DN hydrogel exhibited a high elastic modulus of 280 kPa and a fracture energy of 6150 J/m2. A model has been proposed considering unzipping of double-helical aggregates and dissociation of double helices of κ-carrageenan, which could well interpret the continuous fracture process of the first κ-carrageenan network and the toughening mechanism of the physically and chemically cross-linked κ-carrageenan/polyacrylamide DN hydrogel...
October 10, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ying Li, Jianzuo Li, Xia Zhao, Qiang Yan, Yuxia Gao, Jie Hao, Yong Ju, Jun Hu
Pentacyclic triterpenoids, a class of naturally bioactive products which have multiple functional groups, unique chiral centers, rigid skeletons, and good biocompatibility, are ideal building blocks for fabricating versatile supramolecular structures. In this research the natural pentacyclic triterpenoid, glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), was used as a novel guest molecule to bind β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), thus forming a GA/β-CD inclusion complex (1:1). By attaching GA and β-CD pendant groups in a copolymer with N,N'-dimethylacrylamides, respectively, a supramolecular polymer hydrogel can be physically cross-linked by host-guest interactions between GA and β-CD moieties...
October 10, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Sil Nevejans, Nicholas Ballard, José I Miranda, Bernd Reck, José M Asua
Recently, self-healing polymers based on disulfide compounds have gained attention due to the versatile chemistry of disulfide bonds and easy implementation into polymeric materials. However, the underlying mechanisms of disulfide exchange which induce the self-healing effect in poly(disulfide)s remain unclear. In this work, we elucidate the process of disulfide exchange using a variety of spectroscopic techniques. Comparing a model exchange reaction of 4-aminophenyl disulfide and diphenyl disulfide with modified reactions in the presence of additional radical traps or radical sources confirmed that the exchange reaction between disulfide compounds occurred via a radical-mediated mechanism...
October 5, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Kunpeng Cui, Tao Lin Sun, Takayuki Kurokawa, Tasuku Nakajima, Takayuki Nonoyama, Liang Chen, Jian Ping Gong
Recently, we have developed a series of charge balanced polyampholyte (PA) physical hydrogels by random copolymerization in water, which show extraordinarily high toughness, self-healing ability and viscoelasticity. The excellent performance of PA hydrogels is ascribed to dynamic ionic bond formation through inter- and intra-chain interactions. The randomness results in ionic bonds of wide strength distribution, the strong bonds, which serve as permanent crosslinking, imparting the elasticity, while the weak bonds reversibly break and re-form, dissipating energy...
October 7, 2016: Soft Matter
Weijuan Huang, Yixiang Wang, Yun Chen, Yanteng Zhao, Qiang Zhang, Xiang Zheng, Lingyun Chen, Lina Zhang
Benzaldehyde-terminated telechelic four-armed polyethylene glycol (PEG-BA) is synthesized and cross-linked with carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) to form dynamic hydrogels with strong mechanical performance. The gelation temperature and time, mechanical performance, and self-healing behaviors are systematically investigated. The hydrogels have good storage modulus up to 3162.06 ± 21.06 Pa, comparable to conventional bulk hydrogels. The separated alternate hydrogel lines connect together to become an integrated hydrogel film after 5 min at room temperature without any external intervention...
September 26, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
K J Skilling, B Kellam, M Ashford, T D Bradshaw, M Marlow
Low molecular weight gelator hydrogels provide a viable alternative to traditional polymer based drug delivery platforms, owing to their tunable stability and in most cases inherent biocompatibility. Here we report the first self-healing nucleoside hydrogel using N4-octanoyl-2'-deoxycytidine (0.5% w/v) for drug delivery. The hydrogel's cross-linked nanofibrillar structure, was characterised using oscillatory rheology and confirmed using SEM and TEM imaging. The potential of this gel for drug delivery was explored in vitro using fluorescently labelled tracers...
September 29, 2016: Soft Matter
Abdel-Aziz El Mel, Nicolas Stephant, Romain Gautier
In this communication, we report on the growth, direct writing and nanopatterning of polymer/silver nanoblocks under low energy electron beam irradiation using a scanning electron microscope. The nanoblocks are produced by placing a droplet of an ethylene glycol solution containing silver nitrate and polyvinylpyrrolidone diluted in ethanol directly on a hot substrate heated up to 150 °C. Upon complete evaporation of the droplet, nanospheres, nano- and micro-triangles and nanoblocks made of silver-containing polymers, form over the substrate surface...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
D Olvera-Trejo, L F Velásquez-García
This study reports the first MEMS multiplexed coaxial electrospray sources in the literature. Coaxial electrospraying is a microencapsulation technology based on electrohydrodynamic jetting of two immiscible liquids, which allows precise control with low size variation of the geometry of the core-shell particles it generates, which is of great importance in numerous biomedical and engineering applications, e.g., drug delivery and self-healing composites. By implementing monolithic planar arrays of miniaturized coaxial electrospray emitters that work uniformly in parallel, the throughput of the compound microdroplet source is greatly increased, making the microencapsulation technology compatible with low-cost commercial applications...
October 18, 2016: Lab on a Chip
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