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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909737/-attitudes-towards-psychotherapy-in-south-korea-and-germany-a%C3%A2-cross-cultural-comparative-study
#1
W Schulz, M A Shin, G Schmid-Ott
BACKGROUND: Due to the relatively recent introduction of psychotherapy in South Korea and against the background of collectivist and Confucian values, it has been suggested that South Koreans harbor more negative attitudes towards psychotherapy compared to Germans and that the social acceptance of psychotherapy is lower. METHODS: We compared the attitudes of 99 women from South Korea with 98 German women using the questionnaire on attitudes towards psychotherapeutic treatment (FEP)...
December 1, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909707/in-vitro-study-of-the-host-responses-to-model-biomaterials-via-a-fibroblast-macrophage-co-culture-system
#2
Guoying Zhou, Andrea Liedmann, Chandralekha Chatterjee, Thomas Groth
Surface properties are believed to play important roles in initial inflammatory and subsequent wound healing/fibrotic responses after implantation of biomaterials. To investigate the surface property effect in mediating these host responses, we used an in vitro fibroblast/macrophage co-culture model established with a cell migration chamber, and a series of self-assembling monolayers (SAMs) bearing different terminal groups as model surfaces to study the effect of surface properties on macrophage fusion, fibroblast attachment, spreading morphology, proliferation, outgrowth, as well as pro-(interleukin-6) and anti-(interleukin-10) inflammatory cytokine production, expression of ED-A fibronectin (FN) and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA)...
December 2, 2016: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908716/self-healing-gelatin-ionogels
#3
REVIEW
Anshu Sharma, Kamla Rawat, Pratima R Solanki, H B Bohidar
We demonstrate room temperature (20°C) self-healing, and substantial recovery (68-96%) of gel rigidity of gelatin, a polypeptide, ionogels (made in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ionic liquid (IL)solutions via thermal treatment, IL≤5% (w/v)) after they were cut using a surgical blade. The recovery process did not require any stimuli, and the complete healing under ambient condition required about 10hrs.The self-healing owed its origin to the reformation of network structures via imidazolium ion mediated charge quenching of deprotonated residues, and hydrophobic interaction between neighbouring alkyl tails of IL molecules...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906329/self-healing-highly-chirped-fiber-laser-at-1-0-%C3%AE-m
#4
Xiaoming Wei, Cihang Kong, Goutam K Samanta, Kevin K Tsia, Kenneth K Y Wong
We demonstrate a MHz wavelength-swept fiber laser with diffraction-free and self-healing properties at the bio-favorable wavelength window of 1.0 μm. This ultrafast wavelength sweeping at a high chirp rate is all-optically realized through a newly-designed dispersive fiber that can provide a dispersion amount up to -1.7 ns/nm. It is 8 times larger than the standard single-mode fiber at this window and by adopting a double-pass configuration, the dispersion amount can be further increased to about -3.5 ns/nm, which is 23 times larger than what has previously been demonstrated...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900223/modified-one-stage-dorsal-inlay-buccal-mucosa-graft-technique-for-ventral-penile-urethral-and-penile-skin-erosion-a-step-by-step-guide
#5
Lennert Van Putte, Gunter De Win
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of a modified single-stage technique for the repair of a ventral penile urethral erosion with involvement of the penile skin, as penile urethral erosion is a rare but potential complication of chronic indwelling catheterisation with a lack of available recommendations for reconstructive options. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 44-year-old male with paraplegia, neurogenic bladder dysfunction and chronic sacral decubitus, presented with a large mid-penile erosion of the ventral penile shaft and urethra, which was caused by chronic transurethral indwelling catheterisation while being hospitalised in an intensive care unit...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900179/procollagen-markers-in-microdialysate-can-predict-patient-outcome-after-achilles-tendon-rupture
#6
Md Abdul Alim, Simon Svedman, Gunnar Edman, Paul W Ackermann
OBJECTIVE: Patients who sustain acute Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) exhibit variable and mostly impaired long-term functional, and patient-reported outcomes. However, there exists a lack of early predictive markers of long-term outcomes to facilitate the development of improved treatment methods. The aim of this study was to assess markers of tendon callus production in patients with ATR in terms of outcome, pain, and fatigue. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study; level of evidence 2...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899395/functional-definition-of-progenitors-versus-mature-endothelial-cells-reveals-key-soxf-dependent-differentiation-process
#7
Jatin Patel, Elke J Seppanen, Mathieu P Rodero, Ho Yi Wong, Prudence Donovan, Zoltan Neufeld, Nicholas M Fisk, Mathias François, Kiarash Khosrotehrani
BACKGROUND: -During adult life, blood vessel formation is thought to occur via angiogenic processes involving branching from existing vessels. An alternate proposal suggests that neo-vessels form from endothelial progenitors able to assemble the intimal layers. We here aimed to define vessel-resident endothelial progenitors in vivo in a variety of tissues in physiological and pathological situations such as normal aorta, lungs, as well as wound healing, tumors and placenta. METHODS: -Based on protein expression levels of common endothelial markers using flow cytometry, three sub-populations of endothelial cells could be identified among VE-Cadherin+ and CD45- cells...
November 29, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897217/self-healing-polysaccharide-based-hydrogels-as-injectable-carriers-for-neural-stem-cells
#8
Zhao Wei, Jingyi Zhao, Yong Mei Chen, Pengbo Zhang, Qiqing Zhang
Self-healing injectable hydrogels can be formulated as three-dimensional carriers for the treatment of neurological diseases with desirable advantages, such as avoiding the potential risks of cell loss during injection, protecting cells from the shearing force of injection. However, the demands for biocompatible self-healing injectable hydrogels to meet above requirements and to promote the differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) into neurons remain a challenge. Herein, we developed a biocompatible self-healing polysaccharide-based hydrogel system as a novel injectable carrier for the delivery of NSCs...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883184/epigenetics-in-reactive-and-reparative-cardiac-fibrogenesis-the-promise-of-epigenetic-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Asish K Ghosh, Rahul Rai, Panagiotis Flevaris, Douglas E Vaughan
Epigenetic changes play a pivotal role in the development of a wide spectrum of human diseases including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and intellectual disabilities. Cardiac fibrogenesis is a common pathophysiological process seen during chronic and stress-induced accelerated cardiac aging. While adequate production of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins is necessary for post-injury wound healing, excessive synthesis and accumulation of extracellular matrix protein in the stressed or injured hearts causes decreased or loss of lusitropy that leads to cardiac failure...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869273/an-autonomic-self-healing-organogel-with-a-photo-mediated-modulus
#10
Yubing Xiong, Zhijun Chen, Hong Wang, Lisa-Maria Ackermann, Markus Klapper, Hans-Jürgen Butt, Si Wu
A new method is described for fabricating autonomic, self-healing, deformable organogels. We combined imidazolium-based poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) and azobenzene-grafted poly(carboxylic acid) (PAA-Azo) in N,N-dimethyl formamide. Further, complexing PIL with unirradiated (trans) or irradiated (cis) PAA-Azo tuned the elastic modulus of the organogel.
December 1, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864163/developing-a-web-based-weight-management-program-for-childhood-cancer-survivors-rationale-and-methods
#11
Fang Fang Zhang, Susan Meagher, Michael Scheurer, Sara Folta, Emily Finnan, Kerry Criss, Christina Economos, ZoAnn Dreyer, Michael Kelly
BACKGROUND: Due to advances in the field of oncology, survival rates for children with cancer have improved significantly. However, these childhood cancer survivors are at a higher risk for obesity and cardiovascular diseases and for developing these conditions at an earlier age. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we describe the rationale, conceptual framework, development process, novel components, and delivery plan of a behavioral intervention program for preventing unhealthy weight gain in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863608/is-energy-healing-an-effective-non-pharmacological-therapy-for-improving-symptom-management-of-chronic-illnesses-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Angela Rao, Louise D Hickman, David Sibbritt, Phillip J Newton, Jane L Phillips
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that some people living with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have integrated energy healing into their self-management strategy, however little is known about its efficacy. PURPOSE: To identify energy healing interventions that impacted positively on the symptom management outcomes for patients living in the community with various NCDs. METHODS: A systematic review of energy healing interventions for the management of non-communicable disease related symptoms, conducted between 01 January 2000 and 21 April 2015, published in an English peer-reviewed journal...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857378/optimal-compression-and-energy-confinement-of-optical-airy-bullets
#13
Domenico Bongiovanni, Benjamin Wetzel, Yi Hu, Zhigang Chen, Roberto Morandotti
We report on an approach to generate non-diffractive and non-dispersive Airy<sup>3</sup> bullets with enhanced spatio-temporal energy confinement. By appropriately reshaping the initial spectral components in the Fourier domain, the resulting optical bullets show a significant enhancement of their central lobe intensity while exhibiting a reduced spatio-temporal outspread of the surrounding sub-lobes - typical of Airy<sup>3</sup> bullets. Numerically, we demonstrate that when propagating in dispersive media within a linear regime, such optimized Airy<sup>3</sup> bullets maintain the peculiar properties of their "standard" counterparts, including curved trajectories, non-spreading features and self-healing...
November 14, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854131/perspectives-from-patients-and-healthcare-providers-on-the-practice-of-maternal-placentophagy
#14
Stephanie A Schuette, Kara M Brown, Danielle A Cuthbert, Cynthia W Coyle, Katherine L Wisner, M Camille Hoffman, Amy Yang, Jody D Ciolino, Rebecca L Newmark, Crystal T Clark
PURPOSE: Placentophagy (maternal consumption of the placenta) has become increasingly prevalent in the past decade among women seeking to promote health and healing during the postpartum period. The purpose of this study was to assess patient and provider familiarity with and attitudes toward placentophagy, as well as patients' willingness to try placentophagy. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys with questions regarding placentophagy practice were distributed to healthcare providers and patients...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848958/delayed-wound-healing-after-tooth-extraction-and-self-reported-kyphosis-in-japanese-men-and-women
#15
Akira Taguchi, Mikio Kamimura, Yukio Nakamura, Noriyuki Sugino, Akira Ichinose, Hisayoshi Maezumi, Takashi Fukuzawa, Ryouhei Ashizawa, Kenji Takahara, Susumu Gushiken, Keijiro Mukaiyama, Shota Ikegami, Shigeharu Uchiyama, Hiroyuki Kato
It is unclear whether osteoporosis itself is a main risk factor for delayed wound healing after tooth extraction in humans. In this study, we evaluated the association between experience of delayed wound healing after last tooth extraction and self-reported kyphosis, with the possibility of having vertebral fractures, in Japanese patients. Among the 1,504 patients who responded to the structured questionnaire survey, 518 patients (134 men and 384 women) aged 55-97 years finally participated in this study. Patients who self-reported mild-moderate kyphosis were more likely to have problematic delayed wound healing after last tooth extraction than those who reported severe kyphosis (odds ratio [OR] 4...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847875/all-printed-magnetically-self-healing-electrochemical-devices
#16
Amay J Bandodkar, Cristian S López, Allibai Mohanan Vinu Mohan, Lu Yin, Rajan Kumar, Joseph Wang
The present work demonstrates the synthesis and application of permanent magnetic Nd2Fe14B microparticle (NMP)-loaded graphitic inks for realizing rapidly self-healing inexpensive printed electrochemical devices. The incorporation of NMPs into the printable ink imparts impressive self-healing ability to the printed conducting trace, with rapid (~50 ms) recovery of repeated large (3 mm) damages at the same or different locations without any user intervention or external trigger. The permanent and surrounding-insensitive magnetic properties of the NMPs thus result in long-lasting ability to repair extreme levels of damage, independent of ambient conditions...
November 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845801/flexible-and-highly-transparent-two-component-organogels-with-enhanced-viscoelasticity-for-self-healing-materials-and-room-temperature-phase-selective-gelation
#17
Jiahui Liu, Jingjing Li, Peng Lin, Nanxiang Zhang, Xiaoyu Han, Bao Zhang, Jian Song
A novel two-component organogel system based on acid-base interaction showed flexibility, high-transparency and self-healing properties with enhanced viscoelasticity. Meanwhile, the two-component gelator displayed room-temperature phase selective gelation of aromatic solvents from aromatic solvents/water mixtures in powder form and excellent dye removal ability.
November 15, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845055/is-stem-cell-therapy-ready-for-prime-time-in-treatment-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#18
Christopher J Hawkey, Daniel W Hommes
Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and mesenchymal stromal cell therapy (MSCT) have been proposed for patients with refractory Crohn's disease (CD) and fistulizing CD respectively. Will these highly advanced techniques be available only for select patients, at specialized centers, or is further clinical development justified, with the aim of offering widespread, more definitive therapeutic options for often very difficult to treat disease? Patients with CD who are eligible for HSCT have typically been failed by most approved therapies, have undergone multiple surgeries, and have coped with years of disease activity and poor quality of life...
November 11, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843971/cold-burn-injuries-in-the-uk-the-11-year-experience-of-a-tertiary-burns-centre
#19
Metin Nizamoglu, Alethea Tan, Tobias Vickers, Nicholas Segaren, David Barnes, Peter Dziewulski
BACKGROUND: Guidance for the management of thermal injuries has evolved with improved understanding of burn pathophysiology. Guidance for the management of cold burn injuries is not widely available. The management of these burns differs from the standard management of thermal injuries. This study aimed to review the etiology and management of all cold burns presenting to a large regional burn centre in the UK and to provide a simplified management pathway for cold burns. METHODS: An 11-year retrospective  analysis (1 January 2003-31 December 2014)  of all cold injuries presenting to a regional burns centre in the UK was conducted...
2016: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837575/dreams-in-ancient-greek-medicine
#20
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, E Vasilopoulos, M Karamanou, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Dreams preoccupied the Greek and Roman world in antiquity, therefore they had a prominent role in social, philosophical, religious, historical and political life of those times. They were considered as omens and prophetic signs of future events in private and public life, and that was particularly accentuated when elements of actions which took place in the plot of dreams were associated directly or indirectly with real events. This is why it was important to use them in divination, and helped the growth of superstition and folklore believes...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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