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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822214/risk-perception-and-perceived-self-efficacy-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-seniors-and-young-adults-in-emergencies
#1
Alina Engelman, Susan L Ivey, Winston Tseng, Linda Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: The authors explored the factors influencing risk perception and perceived self-efficacy before and during an emergency for deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf/HH) seniors and young adults. METHODS: The authors collected demographic survey data and conducted four focus groups with 38 Deaf/HH residents of the San Francisco Bay Area; two groups were with young adults (ages 18-35), including one group of college students and one group of young professionals, and two were with older adults (ages 50-90)...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821108/modified-bacterial-cellulose-based-self-healable-polyeloctrolyte-film-for-wound-dressing-application
#2
Moumita Khamrai, Sovan Lal Banerjee, Patit P Kundu
In this investigation, we prepare a self-healable polyelectrolyte film via crosslinking the cationically charged chitosan (Cts) with anionically modified bacterial cellulose (BC), which is a green source of nano-filler. This polyelectrolyte film is able to show dynamic self-healing activity at physiological pH condition via adapting ionic interaction, a state of non-covalent bond. BC was prepared using Glucanoacetobacter xylinus (MTCC7795) bacteria and after that its surface was modified with anionic poly(acrylic acid) using "grafting from" technique...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820732/ecological-perspectives-on-youth-alcohol-consumption-in-the-kuala-lumpur-conurbation-a-place-based-study-in-malaysia
#3
Sangeeta Kaur Singh, Lee Voon Kaen, Low Weng Hei, Amanda Villiers-Tuthill, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D Reidpath
Objective The objectives of this study were to investigate the patterns of alcohol consumption and ecological factors influencing those patterns in the Klang Valley. The study focuses on youth from the Chinese, Indian and Malay ethnic groups in Malaysia, resident in urban and semi-urban areas of the Klang Valley. Methods Data were collected with a combination of interviews and self-administered questionnaires available in Bahasa Malaysia and English were adapted from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818806/differences-in-the-relationship-between-traumatic-experiences-self-esteem-negative-cognition-and-internet-addiction-symptoms-among-north-korean-adolescent-defectors-and-south-korean-adolescents-a-preliminary-study
#4
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Jin Yong Jun
North Korean adolescent defectors experience adaptation difficulties along with a wide range of psychosocial problems, but no study has yet examined their Internet addiction symptoms. We compared early traumatic experiences, self-esteem, negative cognition, and Internet addiction symptoms, as well as the relationships between these variables, between North Korean adolescent defectors and South Korean adolescents. Fifty-six North Korean adolescent defectors and 112 age- and sex- matched South Korean adolescents participated...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818582/associations-between-meeting-combinations-of-24-h-movement-guidelines-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-from-12-countries
#5
H Sampasa-Kanyinga, M Standage, M S Tremblay, P T Katzmarzyk, G Hu, R Kuriyan, C Maher, J Maia, T Olds, O L Sarmiento, C Tudor-Locke, J-P Chaput
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether meeting vs not meeting movement/non-movement guidelines (moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA], screen time, sleep duration), and combinations of these recommendations, are associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children from 12 countries in five major geographic regions of the world and explore whether the associations vary by study site. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, multinational cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study included 6106 children aged 9-11 years from sites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
August 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818225/patient-centered-outcomes-of-a-dual-action-pneumatic-compression-device-in-comparison-to-compression-stockings-for-patients-with-chronic-venous-disease
#6
Fedor Lurie, Marc Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: The ACTitouch (AT) device (Tactile Medical, Minneapolis, Minn) represents a new generation of pneumatic compression devices by combining sustained compression with intermittent pneumatic compression. The sustained compression mode provides automatic pressure adjustment every 30 minutes, ensuring pressure consistency regardless of leg volume changes and environmental influences. Designed for mobile patients, this device has not been studied in comparison to standard compression stockings (CS)...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818162/impact-of-a-social-media-group-page-on-undergraduate-medical-physiology-learning
#7
Tania Ahmed Shakoori, Usman Mahboob, Janet Strivens, Ian Willis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of associating classroom learning of medical physiology with a Facebook group page in an all-women medical college of a conservative small city in Pakistan. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative interpretivist study using semi-structured interviews. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Women Medical College Abbottabad, Pakistan, from March to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Aclosed Facebook study group was established at a local medical college in Pakistan...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817964/understanding-coping-strategies-among-people-living-with-scleroderma-a-focus-group-study
#8
Stephanie T Gumuchian, Sandra Peláez, Vanessa C Delisle, Marie-Eve Carrier, Lisa R Jewett, Ghassan El-Baalbaki, Catherine Fortune, Marie Hudson, Annett Körner, Linda Kwakkenbos, Susan J Bartlett, Brett D Thombs
PURPOSE: Systemic sclerosis or scleroderma is a chronic, rare connective tissue disease with negative physical and psychological implications. Coping strategies used by scleroderma patients have not been studied in-depth. The objective of the present study was to gain a greater understanding of the coping strategies employed by people living with scleroderma. METHOD: Three semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 22 people with scleroderma...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817497/self-care-in-people-with-motor-neuron-disease-an-integrative-review
#9
Barbara Bassola, Maura Lusignani
INTRODUCTION: Self-care is a crucial aspect in the management of chronic diseases. People with motor neuron disease (MND) live with a chronic degenerative condition in rapid evolution, which leads them to high dependencies. During their illness, they must apply several behaviors including adherence to ventilation and nutritional therapy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to systematically explore the concept of self-care for people with MND. METHOD: An integrative review of the literature has been conducted...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816915/physician-awareness-of-developmental-screening-and-referral-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#10
Hollie Hix-Small, Khaled Alkherainej
OBJECTIVE: In the State of Kuwait, family physicians and pediatricians are responsible for identifying and referring children at risk of disability. The aims of this study were to better understand physician (1) use of developmental screening instruments, (2) referral practices for children at risk of developmental disability, (3) interpretation of screening results, and (4) anticipatory guidance topics prioritized over child screening. METHODS: A nonprobability volunteer, self-selection sample of family physicians, general practitioners, and pediatricians (n = 398) completed a 60-item paper questionnaire...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816866/differences-in-tear-film-biochemistry-of-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-lens-wearers
#11
Simin Masoudi, Fiona J Stapleton, Mark D P Willcox
SIGNIFICANCE: The concentration of selected proteins and inflammatory mediators in tears of symptomatic and asymptomatic contact lens wearers were quantified. The level of leukotriene B4 was higher in the symptomatic group. This may suggest that inflammation can be the cause of discomfort sensation at the end of day. PURPOSE: The present study aims to quantify the concentration of selected tear lipids and proteins in symptomatic and asymptomatic contact lens wearers...
August 14, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815745/recent-developments-in-open-tubular-capillary-electrochromatography-from-2016-2017
#12
REVIEW
Faustino M Tarongoy, Paul R Haddad, Joselito P Quirino
Interest in open-tubular capillary electrochromatography (OT-CEC) continues to thrive because of the inherent advantage of OT-CEC combining the high efficiency of capillary electrophoresis and the high selectivity of high performance liquid chromatography. For the period 2016 to 2017, novel materials have been developed as first-time stationary phases for OT-CEC and are grouped in this review as polymer-based materials, frameworks, nanoparticles, graphene-based materials, and biomaterials. Coating and fabrication methods mostly rely on covalent coating strategies while non-covalent immobilisation strategies like electrostatic assembly are notably still being employed...
August 16, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815684/cognitive-psychophysiological-treatment-of-bodily-focused-repetitive-behaviors-in-adults-an-open-trial
#13
Kieron O'Connor, Marc Lavoie, Benoît Desaulniers, Jean-Sébastien Audet
BACKGROUND: Body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs), such as hair pulling, skin picking, and nail biting, are repetitive, destructive, and nonfunctional habits that cause significant distress. Separate BFRBs form a cohesive group and could be assessed as part of the Tourette/tic spectrum or obsessive-compulsive spectrum of disorders. The treatment of choice is either antidepressant or behavioral treatment, both of which have shown effectiveness. The cognitive psychophysiological (CoPs) model focuses on the tension and emotional build up that triggers habits by addressing cognitive-behavioral, emotional and psychophysiological processes preceding onset rather than the habit itself...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815499/marker-removal-in-transgenic-plants-using-cre-recombinase-delivered-with-potato-virus-x
#14
Lilya Kopertekh, Joachim Schiemann
In this chapter we present an alternative method to develop marker-free transgenic plants. It makes use of the Cre/loxP recombination system from bacteriophage P1 and consists of two essential components. The first component is the transgenic plant containing a loxP-flanked marker gene. The second component is a cre transient expression vector based on potato virus X. The great benefit of this transient delivery method consists in the avoidance of stable integration of the cre recombinase gene into the plant genome...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815240/-research-on-physical-and-mechanical-properties-crown-accuracy-by-using-self-made-fus-invest-dental-investment
#15
Jin-Shuang Wu, He-Lin Xing, Chao-Fang Dong, Tian-Wen Guo, Se-Fei Yang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the physical and mechanical properties of pure titanium castings cast by self- made FUS-invest dental investment, and evaluate casting accuracy. METHODS: Seven pure titanium castings were cast by self-made FUS-invest zirconium investment and analyzed using servo hydraulic dynamic experiment system (JJG139-83 standard), scanning electron microscope and energy spectrum analysis. Thirty-eight crowns of pure titanium were cast by two different methods...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815218/capturing-the-systemic-immune-signature-of-a-norovirus-infection-an-n-of-1-case-study-within-a-clinical-trial
#16
Antony J Cutler, Joao Oliveira, Ricardo C Ferreira, Ben Challis, Neil M Walker, Sarah Caddy, Jia Lu, Helen E Stevens, Deborah J Smyth, Marcin L Pekalski, Jane Kennet, Kara M D Hunter, Ian Goodfellow, Linda S Wicker, John A Todd, Frank Waldron-Lynch
BACKGROUND:  The infection of a participant with norovirus during the adaptive study of interleukin-2 dose on regulatory T cells in type 1 diabetes (DILT1D) allowed a detailed insight into the cellular and cytokine immune responses to this prevalent gastrointestinal pathogen. METHODS:  Serial blood, serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples were collected pre-, and post-development of the infection. To differentiate between the immune response to norovirus and to control for the administration of a single dose of aldesleukin (recombinant interleukin-2, rIL-2) alone, samples from five non-infected participants administered similar doses were analysed in parallel...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814637/asymmetric-vestibular-stimulation-reveals-persistent-disruption-of-motion-perception-in-unilateral-vestibular-lesions
#17
Roberto Panichi, Mario Faralli, Rosa Bruni, Artemis Kiriakarely, Chiara Occhigrossi, Aldo Ferraresi, Adolfo M Bronstein, Vito Enrico Pettorossi
Self-motion perception was studied in patients with unilateral vestibular lesions (UVL) due to acute vestibular neuritis at 1 week, 4, 8 and 12 months after the acute episode. We assessed vestibularly-mediated self-motion perception by measuring the error in reproducing the position of a remembered visual target at the end of 4 cycles of asymmetric whole-body rotation. The oscillatory stimulus consists of a slow (0.09Hz) and a fast (0.38Hz) half cycle. A large error was present in UVL patients when the slow half cycle was delivered towards the lesion side, but minimal towards the healthy side...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814008/self-aligning-exoskeleton-hip-joint-kinematic-design-with-five-revolute-three-prismatic-and-one-ball-joint
#18
Jonas Beil, Charlotte Marquardt, Tamim Asfour
Kinematic compatibility is of paramount importance in wearable robotic and exoskeleton design. Misalignments between exoskeletons and anatomical joints of the human body result in interaction forces which make wearing the exoskeleton uncomfortable and even dangerous for the human. In this paper we present a kinematically compatible design of an exoskeleton hip to reduce kinematic incompatibilities, so called macro- and micro-misalignments, between the human's and exoskeleton's joint axes, which are caused by inter-subject variability and articulation...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813978/evaluation-of-3d-printed-anatomically-scalable-transfemoral-prosthetic-knee
#19
Tyagi Ramakrishnan, Millicent Schlafly, Kyle B Reed
This case study compares a transfemoral amputee's gait while using the existing Ossur Total Knee 2000 and our novel 3D printed anatomically scalable transfemoral prosthetic knee. The anatomically scalable transfemoral prosthetic knee is 3D printed out of a carbon-fiber and nylon composite that has a gear-mesh coupling with a hard-stop weight-actuated locking mechanism aided by a cross-linked four-bar spring mechanism. This design can be scaled using anatomical dimensions of a human femur and tibia to have a unique fit for each user...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813975/a-lightweight-robotic-ankle-prosthesis-with-non-backdrivable-cam-based-transmission
#20
Tommaso Lenzi, Marco Cempini, Jeremy Newkirk, Levi J Hargrove, Todd A Kuiken
Below-knee level amputation significantly impacts the ability of an individual to ambulate. Transtibial amputees are typically prescribed energetically passive ankle-foot prostheses that behave as a spring or controlled damper, and therefore cannot fully replace the function of the missing limb. More recently, fully-powered devices have been proposed to more closely match the power generation ability of intact limbs. However, these fully-powered devices are significantly heavier than passive devices, thus increasing the stress on the socket-residual limb interface...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
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