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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668143/-care-for-unaccompanied-minor-migrant-adolescents-at-the-youth-health-consultation-support-psychotherapy-and-resilience
#1
Cédric Devillé, Nelle Lambert
The Unité Santé Jeunes of the Geneva University Hospitals offers multidisciplinary care to young people between the ages of 12 years and 25 years, including unaccompanied minor migrant adolescents. The psychiatrist and child psychiatrist of the unit participate actively. These young people are primarily teenagers, but it is clear from our experience that their care has some specificities and require an adaptation of the framework. The aim of this article is to open the reflection on socio-legal-educational support and the care to offer them to help them feeling secure and a different psychotherapeutic space...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667704/investigating-the-other-race-effect-in-working-memory
#2
Marleen Stelter, Juliane Degner
People have difficulties in remembering other-race faces; this so-called other-race effect (ORE) has been frequently observed in long-term recognition memory (LTM). Several theories argue that the ORE in LTM is caused by differences in earlier processing stages, such as encoding of ingroup and outgroup faces. We test this hypothesis by exploring whether the ORE can already be observed in visual working memory (VWM)-an intermediate system located between encoding processes and LTM storage. In four independent experiments, we observed decreased performance for outgroup faces compared to ingroup faces using three different VWM tasks: an adaptive N-back task, a self-ordered pointing task, and a change detection task...
April 18, 2018: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666635/modified-backtracking-search-optimization-algorithm-inspired-by-simulated-annealing-for-constrained-engineering-optimization-problems
#3
Hailong Wang, Zhongbo Hu, Yuqiu Sun, Qinghua Su, Xuewen Xia
The backtracking search optimization algorithm (BSA) is a population-based evolutionary algorithm for numerical optimization problems. BSA has a powerful global exploration capacity while its local exploitation capability is relatively poor. This affects the convergence speed of the algorithm. In this paper, we propose a modified BSA inspired by simulated annealing (BSAISA) to overcome the deficiency of BSA. In the BSAISA, the amplitude control factor ( F ) is modified based on the Metropolis criterion in simulated annealing...
2018: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664503/transcultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-a-satisfaction-with-life-scale-for-chilean-adolescents
#4
Carola A Álvarez, Ana M Briceño, Karla Álvarez, Marcela Abufhele, Iris Delgado
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the determinants of subjecti ve well-being and happiness. In that context, life satisfaction is one of the measures used to assess subjective well-being, with emphasis in adult population. OBJECTIVE: Adapt and validate (cultu rally and linguistically) the Canadian "Satisfaction with Life adapted for Children" (SWLS-C) in Chilean adolescents, in order to assess their global judgement about their own lives...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663349/longitudinal-model-predicting-self-concept-in-pediatric-chronic-illness
#5
Natacha D Emerson, Holly E R Morrell, Cameron Neece, Daniel Tapanes, Brian Distelberg
Although self-concept has been identified as salient to the psychosocial adjustment of adolescents dealing with a chronic illness (CI), little research has focused on its predictors it. Given that depression and parent-child attachment have been linked to self-concept in the population at large, the goal of this study was to evaluate these relationships longitudinally in a sample of adolescents with CI. Using participant data from the Mastering Each New Direction (MEND) program, a 3-month psychosocial, family based intensive outpatient program for adolescents with CI, we employed multilevel modeling to test longitudinal changes in self-concept, as predicted by depressive symptoms and parent-child attachment, in a sample of 50 youths (Mage  = 14...
April 16, 2018: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663276/interprofessional-educator-development-build-it-and-they-will-come
#6
Lily C Pien, Michaela Stiber, Allison Prelosky, Colleen Y Colbert
BACKGROUND: We describe an interprofessional educator development program, designed intentionally, that was implemented at an academic healthcare centre. In 2014, we purposefully adapted our pre-existing educator development program to be able to include all interprofessional educators at our institution. The program's goals were to enhance educator skills, a common need due to requirements of accreditation, and to create a local interprofessional community of teachers. The framework of the program was based upon adult learning principles, reflective practice, experiential learning and peer groups, all key characteristics of faculty development programs...
April 16, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663150/preparation-of-a-novel-lipid-core-micelle-using-a-low-energy-emulsification-method
#7
Hans F Fritz, Andrea C Ortiz, Sitaram P Velaga, Javier O Morales
High-energy methods for the manufacturing of nanomedicines are widely used; however, interest in low-energy methods is increasing due to their simplicity, better control over the process, and energy-saving characteristics during upscaling. Here, we developed a novel lipid-core micelle (LCM) as a nanocarrier to encapsulate a poorly water-soluble drug, nifedipine (NFD), by hot-melt emulsification, a low-energy method. LCMs are self-assembling colloidal particles composed of a hydrophobic core and a hydrophilic shell...
April 16, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662720/role-of-active-versus-passive-complementary-and-integrative-health-approaches-in-pain-management
#8
David Cosio, Erica Lin
Background: A general conclusion about the treatment of chronic, noncancer pain is that the results from traditional, passive modalities are disheartening. Perhaps this may be due to the propensity of patients to seek out passive versus active treatments. In pain management, active treatments should be the primary focus, with passive interventions as an adjunct. Objective: The current study tested the hypotheses that Veterans would report a greater significant increase in active versus transitional and active versus passive complementary and integrative health (CIH) utilization after completing a formal pain education program...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661597/clinical-performance-of-a-dedicated-self-apposing-stent-for-the-treatment-of-left-main-stem-disease-results-of-the-left-main-angioplasty-with-a-self-apposing-stent-the-matisse-study
#9
Bernardo Cortese, Antonio Montefusco, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Alessio La Manna, Giuseppe Andò, Teodoro Bisceglia, Gioel G Secco, Markus Meyer-Gessner, Wanha Wojciech, Paolo Sganzerla, Massimo Napodano, Gaetano Di Palma, Roberto A Latini, Corrado Tamburino, Pedro Silva Orrego, Andreas Baumbach
BACKGROUND: In the recent years percutaneous treatment of the left main stem (LM) has gained a precise role as a result of consistent scientific evidence vs. coronary artery bypass. A self-apposing stent offers an improved adaptation to the vessel wall, especially in case of tapered vessels; aim of this study was to investigate the role of a novel self-apposing, sirolimus-eluting stent (Stentys, France) for the treatment of LM coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: MATISSE is a retrospective, multicenter registry, which enrolled 151 patients treated with the device at 17 international centers...
April 4, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661223/youth-s-social-network-structures-and-peer-influences-study-protocol-mymovez-project-phase-i
#10
Kirsten E Bevelander, Crystal R Smit, Thabo J van Woudenberg, Laura Buijs, William J Burk, Moniek Buijzen
BACKGROUND: Youth are an important target group for social network interventions, because they are particularly susceptible to the adaptation of healthy and unhealthy habits and behaviors of others. They are surrounded by 'social influence agents' (i.e., role models such as family, friends and peers) that co-determine their dietary intake and physical activity. However, there is a lack of systematic and comprehensive research on the implementation of a social network approach in health campaigns...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660594/methodological-factors-as-a-potential-source-of-discordance-between-self-report-and-behavioral-measures-of-impulsivity-and-related-constructs
#11
Jarrod M Ellingson, Marc N Potenza, Godfrey D Pearlson
There is a consistent but poorly understood finding that self-report and behavioral measures of impulsivity are weakly correlated or uncorrelated. There are many possible explanations for this observation, including differences in how these instruments are administered and scored. The present study examined the utility of alternative scoring algorithms for self-report measures that aim to identify participants' peak impulsivity (or self-control), informed by estimates of item difficulty from Item Response Theory (IRT) analyses...
April 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660590/detection-of-neurodevelopmental-diversity-in-memory-clinics-validation-of-a-self-report-measure
#12
Alon Seifan, Chiashin Shih, Katherine Hackett, Max J Pensack, Matthew W Schelke, Michael Lin, Hemali Patel, Christine A Ganzer, Mahreen Ahmed, Robert Krikorian, Peter Tamboer, Adolfo M Henriquez, Richard S Isaacson, Sheila Steinhof
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental learning and attentional disorders (NLAD) such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affect at least 6% of the adult population or more. They are associated with atypical cognitive patterns in early and adult life. The cognitive patterns of affected individuals in late life have never been described. One main challenge is detecting individuals in clinical settings during which mild cognitive changes could be confounding the clinical presentation...
April 13, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660575/development-and-implementation-of-a-competency-based-clinical-evaluation-tool-for-midwifery-education
#13
Kate Woeber
BACKGROUND: The learning goals and evaluation strategies of competency-based midwifery programs must be explicit and well-defined. In the US, didactic learning is evaluated through a standardized certification examination, but standardized clinical competence evaluation is lacking. DESCRIPTION OF THE TOOL: The Midwifery Competency Assessment Tool (MCAT) has been adapted from the International Confederation of Midwives' (ICM) "Essential Competencies" and from the American College of Nurse-Midwives' (ACNM) "Core Competencies", with student self-evaluation based on Benner's Novice-to-Expert theory...
March 22, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658754/family-rituals-in-pediatric-epilepsy-links-to-parental-competence-and-adaptation
#14
Teresa P Mendes, Carla A Crespo, Joan K Austin
This cross-sectional study examined the associations between family ritual meaning and 3 indicators of parental adaptation (anxious and depressive symptoms and quality of life) via 2 dimensions of parental competence-satisfaction and efficacy-in parents of children with epilepsy. Two hundred Portuguese parents of children diagnosed with epilepsy for at least 6 months completed self-report measures assessing the main study variables. Our results showed that when parents reported stronger family ritual meaning, they also reported higher levels of parental satisfaction and efficacy, which were in turn were associated with lower psychological distress (anxious and depressive symptoms) and better quality of life of parents...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657750/anticipation-from-sensation-using-anticipating-synchronization-to-stabilize-a-system-with-inherent-sensory-delay
#15
Henry Eberle, Slawomir J Nasuto, Yoshikatsu Hayashi
We present a novel way of using a dynamical model for predictive tracking control that can adapt to a wide range of delays without parameter update. This is achieved by incorporating the paradigm of anticipating synchronization (AS), where a 'slave' system predicts a 'master' via delayed self-feedback. By treating the delayed output of the plant as one half of a 'sensory' AS coupling, the plant and an internal dynamical model can be synchronized such that the plant consistently leads the target's motion. We use two simulated robotic systems with differing arrangements of the plant and internal model ('parallel' and 'serial') to demonstrate that this form of control adapts to a wide range of delays without requiring the parameters of the controller to be changed...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657515/trauma-informed-temporary-assistance-for-needy-families-tanf-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-two-generation-impact
#16
Layla G Booshehri, Jerome Dugan, Falguni Patel, Sandra Bloom, Mariana Chilton
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) has limited success in building self-sufficiency, and rarely addresses exposure to trauma as a barrier to employment. The objective of the Building Wealth and Health Network randomized controlled trial was to test effectiveness of financial empowerment combined with trauma-informed peer support against standard TANF programming. Through the method of single-blind randomization we assigned 103 caregivers of children under age six into three groups: control (standard TANF programming), partial (28-weeks financial education), and full (same as partial with simultaneous 28-weeks of trauma-informed peer support)...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655969/affiliate-stigma-and-depression-in-caregivers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-china-effects-of-self-esteem-shame-and-family-functioning
#17
Ting Zhou, Yiting Wang, Chunli Yi
The present study aimed to investigate affiliate stigma and depression in caregivers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in China and to examine the predictive effects of self-esteem, shame proneness and family functioning. Two hundred and sixty-three primary caregivers of children with autism in Mainland China participated in the survey. The results suggested that affiliate stigma in caregivers of children with autism was prevalent and severe; their depressive symptoms were significantly more severe than the national norm of the similar age group...
April 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653378/possible-origins-of-consciousness-in-simple-control-over-involuntary-neuroimmunological-action
#18
REVIEW
Kevin B Clark
The origin(s) and purpose(s) of consciousness continue to be fervently debated by neuroscientists. A recent unconventional hypothesis put forth by Morsella et al. suggests the primary function of consciousness is the integration, selection, and execution of advantageous lower-level voluntary skeletal muscle behavior on surrounding external environments. However, at main issue is whether more precise, adaptable voluntary skeletal motor action, and therefore the corresponding workings of consciousness, first emerged and evolved in animals to exert control over external environments or internal ones regulated by less flexible autonomic function...
April 10, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652836/a-fast-and-on-machine-measuring-system-using-the-laser-displacement-sensor-for-the-contour-parameters-of-the-drill-pipe-thread
#19
Zhixu Dong, Xingwei Sun, Changzheng Chen, Mengnan Sun
The inconvenient loading and unloading of a long and heavy drill pipe gives rise to the difficulty in measuring the contour parameters of its threads at both ends. To solve this problem, in this paper we take the SCK230 drill pipe thread-repairing machine tool as a carrier to design and achieve a fast and on-machine measuring system based on a laser probe. This system drives a laser displacement sensor to acquire the contour data of a certain axial section of the thread by using the servo function of a CNC machine tool...
April 13, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651832/psychological-wellbeing-in-parents-of-children-with-phenylketonuria-and-association-with-treatment-adherence
#20
Lidia Borghi, Elisabetta Salvatici, Giuseppe Banderali, Enrica Riva, Marcello Giovannini, Elena Vegni
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare metabolic disorder that leads to severe neurological abnormalities unless early treated with a strict phenylalanine (Phe)-restricted diet. The parents' involvement in PKU management is crucial and could lead to psychological distress; however, few studies have explored the parents' psychological wellbeing. The study aimed to: 1) evaluate the presence of psychological distress and impaired quality of life among parents of children with PKU, assessing the load of the diagnosis and the load of the treatment management; 2) explore the associations with their children's blood-Phe levels...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
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