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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773203/validation-of-semiautomatic-scoring-of-rem-sleep-without-atonia-in-patients-with-rbd
#1
D Guttowski, G Mayer, W H Oertel, K Kesper, T Rosenberg
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To evaluate REM sleep without atonia (RSWA) in REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) several automatic algorithms have been developed. We aimed to validate our algorithm (Mayer et al., 2008) in order to assess the following: (1). capability of the algorithm to differentiate between RBD, night terror (NT), somnambulism (SW), Restless legs syndrome (RLS), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), (2). the cut-off values for short (SMI) and long muscle activity (LMI), (3). which muscles qualify best for differential diagnosis, and (4)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773202/impaired-short-term-plasticity-in-restless-legs-syndrome-a-pilot-rtms-study
#2
Giuseppe Lanza, Bartolo Lanuzza, Debora Aricò, Mariagiovanna Cantone, Filomena Irene Ilaria Cosentino, Rita Bella, Giovanni Pennisi, Raffaele Ferri, Manuela Pennisi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed an impairment of the LTP-like plasticity to TMS in restless legs syndrome (RLS). Clinically, repetitive TMS (rTMS) was effective in alleviating the sensory-motor complaints of patients, although the effects induced by low-frequency (inhibitory) rTMS have not yet been investigated. An impaired LTD-like mechanism of cortical plasticity has been hypothesized, which we have directly assessed in this pilot study. METHODS: Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from the right first dorsal interosseus muscle were recorded at the stimulus intensity of 110% of the resting motor threshold (rMT) from 13 right-handed patients and ten age-matched right-handed healthy controls...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771368/restless-sleep-disorder-in-children-a-pilot-study-on-a-tentative-new-diagnostic-category
#3
Lourdes M DelRosso, Oliviero Bruni, Raffaele Ferri
Study Objectives: A group of children with "restless sleep" who do not fit the criteria for any other sleep disorder but with daytime impairment are studied to identify restless sleep disorder (RSD) clinically and polysomnographically and to differentiate it from other sleep disorders of childhood. Methods: A pilot study of 15 school aged children with restless sleep and 15 sex and age matched children with restless leg syndrome (RLS) and 37 normal controls were included...
May 16, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766929/sleep-disorders-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-questionnaire-based-study-from-india
#4
Samhita Panda, Mandaville Gourie-Devi, Ankkita Sharma
Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a relatively rare neurological disorder affecting upper and lower motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord with survival for 3-5 years and rarely beyond 10 years. Sleep disturbances in ALS are underreported and undertreated and there is no related data from India. This study aimed to assess the frequency of sleep disorders in patients of ALS and their determinants. Methods: Patients with definite and probable ALS as per the El Escorial criteria were recruited from May 2014 to April 2016...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764215/myotonic-dystrophytype-1-report-of-non-24-h-sleep-wake-disorder-with-excessive-daytime-sleepiness
#5
Lucio Huebra Pimentel Filho, Ana Carolina Dias Gomes, Bruno Gonçalves, Sergio Tufik, Fernando Morgadinho Coelho
Myotonic dystrophy (MD) is a neuromuscular disease with myotonia, progressive weakness, and involvement of CNS, heart, and gastrointestinal system. Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MD1) is related to sleep breathing diseases, restless leg syndrome, periodic limb movements during sleep and narcoleptic-like phenotype. However, authors highlight a central dysfunction of sleep regulation. We describe a 26-year-old, female, MD1 patient with EDS. Sleep diary/actigraphy evidenced two different circadian periods with values of 1442 and 1522 min...
May 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759275/sleep-related-drug-therapy-in-special-conditions-children
#6
REVIEW
Nicholas-Tiberio Economou, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Paschalis Steiropoulos
Sleep disorders in children may lead to neurodevelopmental and neurocognitive deficits; it is important to diagnose and treat them properly. Apart from the existing challenges in diagnosis, another drawback is that few therapies are currently approved. In this article, a comprehensive summary of the most common pediatric sleep disorders, along with the various pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches for their management, is presented. Special attention has been paid to the currently available treatment options for pediatric insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, parasomnias, narcolepsy, and restless legs syndrome, and comparisons are made with the corresponding treatment options for sleep disorders in adults...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759272/pharmacologic-and-nonpharmacologic-treatment-of-restless-legs-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Galia V Anguelova, Monique H M Vlak, Arthur G Y Kurvers, Roselyne M Rijsman
This article provides an updated practical guide for the treatment of primary restless legs syndrome (RLS). Articles that appeared after the American Academy of Neurology guideline search were reviewed according to the same evidence rating schedule. We found limited evidence for nonpharmacologic treatment options. In moderate to severe primary RLS, pharmacologic options may be considered, including iron suppletion, an α2δ ligand, a dopamine agonist, a combination of an α2δ ligand and a dopamine agonist, or oxycodone/naloxone...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756335/treatment-of-restless-legs-syndrome-evidence-based-review-and-implications-for-clinical-practice-revised-2017-%C3%A2
#8
REVIEW
Juliane Winkelmann, Richard P Allen, Birgit Högl, Yuichi Inoue, Wolfgang Oertel, Aaro V Salminen, John W Winkelman, Claudia Trenkwalder, Cristina Sampaio
The objective of the current review was to update the previous evidence-based medicine review of treatments for restless legs syndrome published in 2008. All randomized, controlled trials (level I) with a high quality score published between January 2007 and January 2017 were reviewed. Forty new studies qualified for efficacy review. Pregabalin, gabapentin enacarbil, and oxycodone/naloxone, which did not appear in the previous review, have accrued data to be considered efficacious. Likewise, new data enable the modification of the level of efficacy for rotigotine from likely efficacious to efficacious...
May 14, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753925/restless-legs-syndrome-patient-odyssey-survey-of-disease-burden-on-patient-and-spouses-partners
#9
William Ondo
BACKGROUND: Restless Legs Syndrome has been shown to impact quality of life using standardized scales, typically from tertiary referral centers. Little data exist that have evaluated specific life adaptation required by patients with RLS, and no survey has ever looked at the impact of RLS on family members. METHODS: The "Patient Odyssey" survey was commissioned by the Restless Legs Syndrome Foundation and designed to assess the day-to-day impact of RLS on patients and their spouses/partners...
December 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749662/high-resolution-nerve-ultrasound-and-electrophysiological-findings-in-restless-legs-syndrome
#10
K Pitarokoili, M Fels, A Kerasnoudis, L Toenges, R Gold, M-S Yoon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a multifactorial network disorder of a sensorimotor system extending from dopaminergic and glutamatergic cerebral structures to the spinal neurons and peripheral nerves. The role of peripheral nerve damage in the causality and severity progression for RLS patients remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a clinical and epidemiological study on a cohort of 34 RLS patients focusing on RLS risk factors and disease severity...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736677/-frequent-neurological-diseases-associated-with-the-restless-legs-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
M Bartl, J Winkelmann, B Högl, W Paulus, C Trenkwalder
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disease. Studies have shown that RLS is associated with a variety of medical and neurological disorders. OBJECTIVES: Using the example of three associated neurological diseases, the significance for everyday therapy decisions is assessed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search was carried out in PubMed for all studies with the keyword "RLS" in combination with polyneuropathies (PNP), Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) and classified according to the methodology in high, medium or low study quality...
May 7, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735856/restless-legs-syndrome-and-quality-of-life-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#12
R Kutlu, N Y Selcuk, S Sayin, O Kal
Context: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder that often has a profound impact on sleep and one of the most troublesome conditions experienced in hemodialysis patients. Aims: The aim of study was to search frequency of RLS and effects of RLS on quality of life (QoL) in chronic hemodialysis patients. Settings and Design: Chronic hemodialysis patients of classical hemodialysis units were chosen. Length of the study was approximately 1 year. Subjects and Methods: Two hundred and thirty-seven patients were investigated...
May 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734981/sleep-disturbances-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-with-and-without-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Timothy Baird, Sarah McLeay, Wendy Harvey, Rebecca Theal, Dayna Law, Robyn O'Sullivan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that may develop after a traumatic event, particularly combat-related trauma. Although sleep disturbance is a hallmark of PTSD, the prevalence of sleep disturbances in Australian veterans with PTSD remains uncertain. This study aimed to subjectively compare the prevalence of sleep disturbances in Australian Vietnam veterans with and without PTSD. METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study compared trauma-exposed Australian Vietnam veterans with and without PTSD...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734979/executive-and-visuospatial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-primary-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-study-of-a-chinese-population
#14
Gen Li, Huidong Tang, Jie Chen, Xuemei Qi, Shengdi Chen, Jianfang Ma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the cognitive function of patients with primary restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with RLS/WED who were drug naïve and 40 controls, matched by age, sex, and educational level, were evaluated by cognitive function assessments, including the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-C), clock drawing test (CDT), Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT), Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (CFT), and Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728992/fatigue-is-associated-with-high-prevalence-and-severity-of-physical-and-emotional-symptoms-in-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis
#15
Maurizio Bossola, Enrico Di Stasio, Emanuele Marzetti, Katja De Lorenzis, Gilda Pepe, Carlo Vulpio
PURPOSE: The symptom burden of fatigued hemodialysis patients is poorly known. We aimed to investigate possible differences in the prevalence and severity of symptoms between fatigued and not fatigued patients on chronic hemodialysis. METHODS: All prevalent patients on chronic hemodialysis referring to the Hemodialysis Service between January 2016 and June 2017 were considered eligible. The Dialysis Symptom Index (DSI) questionnaire was performed during the dialysis treatment...
May 4, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720720/gamma-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-receptors-genes-polymorphisms-and-risk-for-restless-legs-syndrome
#16
Félix Javier Jiménez-Jiménez, Gara Esguevillas, Hortensia Alonso-Navarro, Martín Zurdo, Laura Turpín-Fenoll, Jorge Millán-Pascual, Teresa Adeva-Bartolomé, Esther Cubo, Francisco Navacerrada, Gemma Amo, Ana Rojo-Sebastián, Lluisa Rubio, Mónica Díez-Fairén, Pau Pastor, Marisol Calleja, José Francisco Plaza-Nieto, Belén Pilo-de-la-Fuente, Margarita Arroyo-Solera, Esteban García-Albea, José A G Agúndez, Elena García-Martín
The possible role of gammaaminobutyric acid (GABA) in the pathophysiology of restless legs syndrome (RLS) is suggested by the symptomatic improvement achieved with GABAergic drugs. Thalamic GABA levels have shown positive correlation with periodic limb movements indices and with RLS severity. We tried to investigate the possible association between the most common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the GABA receptors (GABR) genes rho1, 2, and 3 (GABRR1, GABRR2, GABRR3), alpha4 (GABRA4), epsilon (GABRE), and theta (GABRQ) with the risk of developing RLS...
May 3, 2018: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701436/-abnormal-movements-and-internal-medicine-pathologies
#17
Joseph Ghika
Hyperkinesias can be revelaed by an internal medicine pathology. An acute chorea can be found in association with non ketotic hypergycemia, lupus, antiphospholipid syndrome, endocrinopathies, pregnancy or oral contraceptive initiation, or psychostimulant medication. Acute dystonic syndromes are found in association with the initiation of an old generation neuroleptic, metoclopramide, oral contraceptive and pregnancy. It should be differentiated from hyper- or hypo-calcémie tetany. Tremors are found in association with many drugs and hormones...
April 25, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695907/insomnia-in-hospitalized-psychiatric-patients-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#18
Farid Talih, Jean Ajaltouni, Hiba Ghandour, Ahmad Subhi Abu-Mohammad, Firas Kobeissy
Objectives: To quantify and describe the prevalence of insomnia in hospitalized psychiatric patients and to investigate the associations between insomnia and demographic and clinical factors in hospitalized psychiatric patients. Methods: The participants included 203 individuals hospitalized for psychiatric treatment at an academic medical center. Demographic information, psychiatric diagnoses, current psychotropic medication use, and history of substance use were collected...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695597/involvement-of-the-central-somatosensory-system-in-restless-legs-syndrome-a-neuroimaging-study
#19
Byeong-Yeul Lee, Jongmyeong Kim, James R Connor, Gerald D Podskalny, Yeunchul Ryu, Qing X Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate morphologic changes in the somatosensory cortex and the thickness of the corpus callosum subdivisions that provide interhemispheric connections between the 2 somatosensory cortical areas. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with severe restless legs syndrome (RLS) symptoms and 51 age-matched healthy controls were examined with high-resolution MRI at 3.0 tesla. The vertex-wise analysis in conjunction with a novel cortical surface classification method was performed to assess the cortical thickness across the whole-brain structures...
April 25, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695591/anatomo-functional-basis-of-restless-legs-syndrome
#20
EDITORIAL
Tadaaki Mano, Robert J Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Neurology
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