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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332673/prevalence-and-comorbidity-of-sleep-conditions-in-australian-adults-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#1
Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Carol J Lang, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Nigel P Stocks, David A González-Chica, Robert J Adams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sleep conditions (obstructive sleep apnea [OSA], insomnia symptoms, simple snoring, and restless legs) and their associated burden of chronic conditions in a community sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national adult online survey. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Australian adults ≥18 years, N = 1011. MEASUREMENTS: A cross-sectional national online survey assessed diagnosed OSA, OSA symptoms, insomnia symptoms, sleep problems, excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥11), and physician-diagnosed health conditions (heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, reflux disease, lung disease, depression, anxiety/panic disorder, arthritis)...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332218/effects-of-sleep-hygiene-training-given-to-pregnant-women-with-restless-leg-syndrome-on-their-sleep-quality
#2
Ayşe Sönmez, Yeşim Aksoy Derya
PURPOSE: This research was conducted to determine the effects of sleep hygiene training given to pregnant women with restless leg syndrome on their sleep quality. METHODS: This study was conducted using a quasi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test, and a control group. When the power analysis was made, a sample size with 5% two-sided significance, 95% confidence interval, and 95% ability to represent the population was calculated to have a total of 128 pregnant women...
January 13, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332008/leg-stereotypy-syndrome-phenomenology-and-prevalence
#3
Mitesh Lotia, Michele K York, Adriana M Strutt, Joseph Jankovic
OBJECTIVES: To describe the phenomenology and prevalence of leg stereotypy syndrome (LSS), characterised chiefly by repetitive, rhythmical, stereotypic leg movement, especially when sitting. METHODS: We sought to characterise LSS in two groups of subjects: (1) general population (GP) group, defined as individuals accompanying patients during their visits to Baylor College of Medicine Parkinson's Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic who are not genetically related to the patients; and (2) movement disorders (MD) group, composed of consecutive patients with diagnoses of restless legs syndrome, Parkinson's disease, Tourette syndrome and tardive dyskinesia...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325239/insomnia-and-psychopathological-features-associated-with-restless-legs-syndrome-in-chinese-adolescents
#4
Xianchen Liu, Hua Chen, Zhen-Zhen Liu, Cun-Xian Jia
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about psychopathological features associated with restless legs syndrome (RLS) in pediatric populations. This study examined sleep duration, insomnia, and psychopathological profile associated with RLS in a large community sample of adolescents. Methods: Participants included 11,831 adolescents from 3 counties of Shandong, China. Mean age of the participants was 15.0 (SD = 1.5) years, and 51% were boys. In November and December 2015, participants completed a structured questionnaire to assess sleep duration, sleep problems, behavioral/emotional problems, and hopelessness...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325115/fast-sleep-spindle-density-is-associated-with-rs4680-val108-158met-genotype-of-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt
#5
Claudia Schilling, Lena Gappa, Michael Schredl, Fabian Streit, Jens Treutlein, Josef Frank, Michael Deuschle, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Marcella Rietschel, Stephanie H Witt
Study Objectives: Sleep spindles are a hallmark of NREM stage 2 sleep. Fast sleep spindles correlate with cognitive functioning, and are reduced in schizophrenia. Although spindles are highly genetically determined, distinct genetic mechanisms influencing sleep spindle activity have not been identified so far. Spindles are generated within a thalamo-cortical network. Dopaminergic neurotransmission modulates activity within this network and importantly depends on activity of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT)...
January 6, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307008/movement-disorders-in-mitochondrial-disease
#6
Roula Ghaoui, Carolyn M Sue
Mitochondrial disease presents with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations that may appear at any age and cause multisystem dysfunction. A broad spectrum of movement disorders can manifest in mitochondrial diseases including ataxia, Parkinsonism, myoclonus, dystonia, choreoathetosis, spasticity, tremor, tic disorders and restless legs syndrome. There is marked heterogeneity of movement disorder phenotypes, even in patients with the same genetic mutation. Moreover, the advent of new technologies, such as next-generation sequencing, is likely to identify novel causative genes, expand the phenotype of known disease genes and improve the genetic diagnosis in these patients...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305084/poor-nighttime-sleep-is-positively-associated-with-dyskinesia-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#7
Cheng-Jie Mao, Ya-Ping Yang, Ju-Ping Chen, Fen Wang, Jing Chen, Jin-Ru Zhang, Hui-Jun Zhang, Sheng Zhuang, Yi-Tong Xiong, Chen-Chen Gu, Wen Yuan, Juan-Ying Huang, Alexander Fay, Chong-Ke Zhong, Chun-Feng Liu
BACKGROUND: Dyskinesia is a troublesome complication of long-term dopaminergic medications in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Many factors are reported to be associated with dyskinesia in PD. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between sleep quality and dyskinesia in patients with PD. METHODS: Four hundred twenty-five patients with PD were enrolled in this study. Demographic information was collected. Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and Hoehn and Yahr (H-Y) stage scale were also performed...
December 21, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304922/the-appropriate-use-of-opioids-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-restless-legs-syndrome
#8
Michael H Silber, Philip M Becker, Mark J Buchfuhrer, Christopher J Earley, William G Ondo, Arthur S Walters, John W Winkelman
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a distinct disorder, differing from chronic pain in many ways. Refractory RLS is characterized by unresponsiveness to dopamine agonists or alpha-2-delta ligands due to inadequate efficacy, augmentation, or adverse effects. This may result in severely impaired quality of life, profound insomnia, and suicidal depression. Opioid therapy is a mainstay in the management of these patients. This article summarizes the basic science and clinical evidence in support of their use, including the positive result of a large controlled multicenter study of 306 subjects, and outlines an approach to their use in clinical practice...
January 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282345/-drug-induced-akathisia
#9
Toshiya Inada
Akathisia consists of subjective inner restlessness, such as awareness of the inability to remain seated, restless legs, fidgetiness, and the desire to move constantly, and of objective increased motor phenomena, such as body rocking, shifting from foot to foot, stamping in place, crossing and uncrossing legs, pacing around. Although the broad definition of akathisia includes the inner and motor restlessness observed in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, post-encephalitic parkinsonism, and restless legs syndrome, here we exclusively focus on the narrow definition of antipsychotic-induced akathisia...
December 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259635/can-cool-dialysate-alleviate-restless-leg-syndrome-in-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Mostafa Rad, Nematullah Shomoossi, Zahra Mirhosseini, Ehsan Kashani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248102/the-center-for-vein-restoration-study-on-presenting-symptoms-treatment-modalities-and-outcomes-in-medicare-eligible-patients-with-chronic-venous-disorders
#11
Peter J Pappas, Sanjiv Lakhanpal, Khanh Q Nguyen, Rohan Vanjara
BACKGROUND: Chronic venous disorders (CVDs) have been estimated to affect up to 20 million Americans. Despite this huge prevalence, the signs, symptoms, and treatment outcomes in patients 65 years of age and older are not well defined. Our goal was to determine the presentation and treatment outcomes in elderly patients compared with a cohort of patients younger than 65 years. METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2016, we retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data from 38,750 patients with CVD from the Center for Vein Restoration's electronic medical record (NextGen Healthcare Information Systems, Irvine, Calif)...
January 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247753/effects-of-exercise-training-on-restless-legs-syndrome-depression-sleep-quality-and-fatigue-among-hemodialysis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Yuan-Yuan Song, Ru-Jun Hu, Yong-Shu Diao, Lin Chen, Xiao-Lian Jiang
CONTEXT: Hemodialysis patients experience a heavy symptom burden that leads to a decreased quality of life. Pharmacological treatment is effective but costly and has adverse effects. Exercise is a promising approach for symptom management, but the effect of exercise on restless legs syndrome, depression, sleep quality and fatigue in hemodialysis patients is still uncertain. OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis was conducted to identify whether exercise training is beneficial in the treatment of the symptoms of restless legs syndrome, depression, poor sleep quality, and fatigue in patients receiving hemodialysis...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247069/prospective-study-of-restless-legs-syndrome-and-total-and-cardiovascular-mortality-among-women
#13
Yinge Li, Yanping Li, John W Winkelman, Arthur S Walters, Jiali Han, Frank B Hu, Xiang Gao
OBJECTIVE: We prospectively examined whether women with physician-diagnosed restless legs syndrome (RLS) had a higher risk of total and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality relative to those without RLS. METHODS: The current study included 57,417 women (mean age 67 years) from the Nurses' Health Study without cancer, renal failure, and CVD at baseline (2002). Main outcomes were total and CVD mortality. We used the Cox proportional hazards model to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all-cause and CVD-specific mortality based on RLS status, adjusting for age, presence of major chronic diseases, and other potential confounders...
December 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234958/the-relationship-between-putamen-sma-functional-connectivity-and-sensorimotor-abnormality-in-esrd-patients
#14
Dun Ding, Peng Li, Xue-Ying Ma, Wang-Huan Dun, Shi-Feng Yang, Shao-Hui Ma, Hong-Juan Liu, Ming Zhang
The basal ganglia (BG) are composed of several nuclei involved in neural processing associated with integration of sensory and motor information. Recent neuroimaging studies implicated its key role in control of voluntary motor function. As the sensorimotor abnormality is common among the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population, in the current study, we aimed to investigate the abnormal structure and functional connectivity patterns of BG in ESRD patients. Twenty-nine ESRD and twenty-nine age and gender-matched healthy controls (HC) were enrolled to compare the volume of the subsets in the BG (e...
December 12, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221785/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-severity-and-sleep-problems-in-adult-participants-of-the-netherlands-sleep-registry
#15
Suzan W N Vogel, Denise Bijlenga, Jeroen S Benjamins, Aartjan T F Beekman, J J Sandra Kooij, Eus J W Van Someren
BACKGROUND: We examined whether current overall attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), inattention, or hyperactivity symptom severities are associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems. METHODS: N = 942 participants of the Netherlands Sleep Registry filled out online several validated questionnaires. Regression analyses were performed to assess the association between (1) current overall ADHD symptom severity and the current presence of sleep problems, (2) current ADHD symptom-severity groups and the persistent history of sleep problems, and (3) current inattention or hyperactivity symptom severities and the current presence of sleep problems...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221778/long-term-treatment-with-dopamine-d3-receptor-agonists-induces-a-behavioral-switch-that-can-be-rescued-by-blocking-the-dopamine-d1-receptor
#16
Mai-Lynne Dinkins, Perrine Lallemand, Stefan Clemens
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is commonly treated with the dopamine agonists pramipexole, and rotigotine, which target the inhibitory dopamine receptor subtype D3R. While initially highly effective, these compounds lose their efficacy in treating RLS over time, and long-term therapy regularly leads to a worsening of the symptoms (augmentation). This dopamine agonist-induced augmentation has become a prime concern in the treatment of RLS, and while alternate therapies are being proposed, the mechanisms leading to augmentation remain opaque...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215385/restless-legs-syndrome-and-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#17
Romain Colle, Flavien Boichot, Erwan Bouteiller, Céline Elie-Lefebvre, Patrick Hardy, Denis J David, Céline Verstuyft, Emmanuelle Corruble
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212081/in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-short-term-blood-pressure-variability-is-associated-with-the-presence-and-severity-of-sleep-disorders
#18
Martino F Pengo, Donatella Ioratti, Valeria Bisogni, Verdiana Ravarotto, Barbara Rossi, Luciana Bonfante, Francesca Simioni, Federico Nalesso, Giuseppe Maiolino, Lorenzo A Calò
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients blood pressure variability (BPV) is associated with poor outcome. Sleep disturbances alter BP profiles in hypertensives but their influence on BPV in CKD patients is unknown. We screened a cohort of CKD/ESRD patients to investigate whether sleep quality impacts on BPV. METHODS: Consecutive CKD patients' sleep quality was assessed using validated questionnaires (Epworth Sleepiness Scale-ESS); International Restless legs scale-IRLS; Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire-FOSQ: Insomnia Severity Index-ISI; STOP-Bang)...
November 28, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209397/individuals-with-restless-legs-syndrome-tend-to-have-severe-depressive-symptoms-findings-from-a-community-based-cohort-study
#19
Chul-Hyun Cho, Leen Kim, Heon-Jeong Lee
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor neurological disturbance causing physical and psychological distress. Here, we investigated the severity and effect of depressive symptoms in RLS among a Korean cohort population. Depressive symptoms were more prevalent in the RLS group than in the non-RLS group [≥mild depression: odds ratio (OR)=1.95, p<0.001; ≥ moderate depression: OR=6.15, p<0.001; and ≥severe depression: OR=56.54, p<0.001], with a predominant proportion of severe depression (97%) in the RLS group...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209388/a-genome-wide-association-study-identifies-utrn-gene-polymorphism-for-restless-legs-syndrome-in-a-korean-population
#20
Chul-Hyun Cho, Ji-Hye Choi, Seung-Gul Kang, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Young-Min Park, Joung-Ho Moon, Ki-Young Jung, Jin-Kyu Han, Hong-Bum Shin, Hyun Ji Noh, Yong Seo Koo, Leen Kim, Hyun Goo Woo, Heon-Jeong Lee
Objective: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a highly heritable and common neurological sensorimotor disease disturbing sleep. The objective of study was to investigate significant gene for RLS by performing GWA and replication study in a Korean population. Methods: We performed a GWA study for RLS symptom group (n=325) and non-RLS group (n=2,603) from the Korea Genome Epidemiology Study. We subsequently performed a replication study in RLS and normal controls (227 RLS and 229 controls) to confirm the present GWA study findings as well as previous GWA study results...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
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