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Xu Yang, Fei Liu, Yu Zhang, Lu Wang, Yu-Fu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Low temperature is an important abiotic stress in plant growth and development, especially for thermophilic plants. Eggplants are thermophilic vegetables, although the molecular mechanism of their response to cold stress remains to be elucidated. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous small non-coding RNAs that play an essential role during plant development and stress responses. Although the role of many plant miRNAs in facilitating chilling tolerance has been verified, little is known about the mechanisms of eggplant chilling tolerance...
December 29, 2017: BMC Genomics
Raman Sankar, Peramaiyan G, Panneer Muthuselvam Irulandi, Suyang Xu, M Zahid Hasan, Fang-Cheng Chou
We report single crystal growth and transport properties of a Weyl semimetal TaAs. Unsaturated large MR about 22100 % at 2 K and 9 T is observed. From the Hall measurement, carrier concentrations n = 4.608×1024 m-3 and p = 3.099×1024 m-3, and mobilities μp = 2.502 m2 V-1 s-1 and μn = 16.785 m2 V-1 s-1 at 2 K are extracted. The de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) oscillations at 2 K and 9 T suggest the presence of a Fermi surface, and the quantum electronic parameters such as effective cyclotron mass and Dingle temperature were obtained using Lifshitz-Kosevich (L-K) fitting...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Priten B Savaliya, Arun Thomas, Rishi Dua, Anuj Dhawan
We propose the design of switchable plasmonic nanoantennas (SPNs) that can be employed for optical switching in the near-infrared regime. The proposed SPNs consist of nanoantenna structures made up of a plasmonic metal (gold) such that these nanoantennas are filled with a switchable material (vanadium dioxide). We compare the results of these SPNs with inverted SPN structures that consist of gold nanoantenna structures surrounded by a layer of vanadium dioxide (VO2) on their outer surface. These nanoantennas demonstrate switching of electric-field intensity enhancement (EFIE) between two states (On and Off states), which can be induced thermally, optically or electrically...
October 2, 2017: Optics Express
Punnag Padhy, Mohammad Asif Zaman, Paul Hansen, Lambertus Hesselink
Nanoparticles trapped on resonant near-field apertures/engravings carved in plasmonic films experience optical forces due to the steep intensity gradient field of the aperture/engraving as well as the image like interaction with the substrate. For non-resonant nanoparticles the contribution of the substrate interaction to the trapping force in the vicinity of the trap (aperture/engraving) mode is negligible. But, in the case of plasmonic nanoparticles, the contribution of the substrate interaction to the low frequency stable trapping mode of the coupled particle-trap system increases as their resonance is tuned to the trap resonance...
October 16, 2017: Optics Express
Chunrui Han, Edward P J Parrott, Georges Humbert, Aurelian Crunteanu, Emma Pickwell-MacPherson
Broadband modulation of terahertz (THz) light is experimentally realized through the electrically driven metal-insulator phase transition of vanadium dioxide (VO2) in hybrid metal antenna-VO2 devices. The devices consist of VO2 active layers and bowtie antenna arrays, such that the electrically driven phase transition can be realized by applying an external voltage between adjacent metal wires extended to a large area array. The modulation depth of the terahertz light can be initially enhanced by the metal wires on top of VO2 and then improved through the addition of specific bowties in between the wires...
October 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Omran Ahmadi, Seyed Bagher Mortazavi, Ali Khavanin, Hamidreza Mokarami
BACKGROUND: Accident analysis is the main aspect of accident investigation. It includes the method of connecting different causes in a procedural way. Therefore, it is important to use valid and reliable methods for the investigation of different causal factors of accidents, especially the noteworthy ones. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to prominently assess the accuracy (sensitivity index [SI]) and consistency of the six most commonly used accident analysis methods in the petroleum industry...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Kui-Ying Nie, Jing Li, Xuanhu Chen, Yang Xu, Xuecou Tu, Fang-Fang Ren, Qingguo Du, Lan Fu, Lin Kang, Kun Tang, Shulin Gu, Rong Zhang, Peiheng Wu, Youdou Zheng, Hark Hoe Tan, Chennupati Jagadish, Jiandong Ye
Intermediate band solar cells (IBSCs) are conceptual and promising for next generation high efficiency photovoltaic devices, whereas, IB impact on the cell performance is still marginal due to the weak absorption of IB states. Here a rational design of a hybrid structure composed of ZnTe:O/ZnO core-shell nanowires (NWs) with Al bowtie nanoantennas is demonstrated to exhibit strong ability in tuning and enhancing broadband light response. The optimized nanowire dimensions enable absorption enhancement by engineering leaky-mode dielectric resonances...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Bin Tian, Shichen Wang, Timothy C Todd, Charles D Johnson, Guiliang Tang, Harold N Trick
BACKGROUND: The soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, is one of the most devastating diseases limiting soybean production worldwide. It is known that small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), play important roles in regulating plant growth and development, defense against pathogens, and responses to environmental changes. RESULTS: In order to understand the role of soybean miRNAs during SCN infection, we analyzed 24 small RNA libraries including three biological replicates from two soybean cultivars (SCN susceptible KS4607, and SCN HG Type 7 resistant KS4313N) that were grown under SCN-infested and -noninfested soil at two different time points (SCN feeding establishment and egg production)...
August 2, 2017: BMC Genomics
Wenhua Jiang, Pengfei Liu, Xiaodong Li
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common type of malignancy in females worldwide, however, its underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate the mechanisms behind the development and progression of BC and identify potential biomarkers for it. The chromatin immunoprecipitation-DNA sequencing (ChIP-Seq) dataset GSM1642516 and gene expression dataset GSE34925 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Affy and oligo packages were used for the background correction and normalization of the gene expression dataset...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
Latha Battu, Mettu Madhavi Reddy, Burragoni Sravanthi Goud, Kayalvili Ulaganathan, Kandasamy Ulaganathan
Reference based assembly of genomic reads of the elite indica rice cultivar RP Bio-226 was carried out against 2101 reference bacterial genomes using Bowtie-2 genome assembly tool. Five types of data: Number of paired end reads concordantly aligned exactly only once, number of paired end reads concordantly aligned more than once, number of mates that make the pairs aligned exactly only once, number of mates that make the pairs aligned more than once and overall percentage of alignment were collected. Interpretation of the results and identification of endophytes based on these alignment statistics are described in detail in our research article "L...
June 2017: Data in Brief
Wenzhao Sun, Bin Wang, Bo Qiu, Jian Liang, Weihao Xie, Xiaowu Deng, Zhenyu Qi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the breast dose during a routine thoracic cone-beam CT (CBCT) check with the efforts to explore the possible dose reduction strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) dosimeters were used to measure breast surface doses during a thorax kV CBCT scan in an anthropomorphic phantom. Breast doses for different scanning protocols and breast sizes were compared. Dose reduction was attempted by using partial arc CBCT scan with bowtie filter...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
Robiël E Naziroglu, Vincent F van Ravesteijn, Lucas J van Vliet, Geert J Streekstra, Frans M Vos
PURPOSE: Simulating low-dose Computed Tomography (CT) facilitates in-silico studies into the required dose for a diagnostic task. Conventionally, low-dose CT images are created by adding noise to the projection data. However, in practice the raw data is often simply not available. This paper presents a new method for simulating patient-specific, low-dose CT images without the need of the original projection data. METHODS: The low-dose CT simulation method included the following: (1) computation of a virtual sinogram from a high dose CT image through a radon transform; (2) simulation of a 'reduced'-dose sinogram with appropriate amounts of noise; (3) subtraction of the high-dose virtual sinogram from the reduced-dose sinogram; (4) reconstruction of a noise volume via filtered back-projection; (5) addition of the noise image to the original high-dose image...
April 2017: Physica Medica: PM
Gábor Horváth, Péter Takács, Balázs Kretzer, Szilvia Szilasi, Dénes Száz, Alexandra Farkas, András Barta
If a human looks at the clear blue sky from which light with high enough degree of polarization d originates, an 8-shaped bowtie-like figure, the yellow Haidinger's brush can be perceived, the long axis of which points towards the sun. A band of high d arcs across the sky at 90° from the sun. A person can pick two points on that band, observe the yellow brushes and triangulate the position of the sun based on the orientation of the two observed brushes. This method has been suggested to have been used on the open sea by Viking navigators to determine the position of the invisible sun occluded by cloud or fog...
February 2017: Royal Society Open Science
Wei Li, Yumin Hou
In this article, we introduce a new optical energy focusing structure consisting of a circular dielectric Bragg nanocavity and a circular metallic plasmonic lens. Via the hybridization of Bragg cavity modes and surface plasmon modes, optical energy is highly confined in the central region of the Bragg nanocavity under linearly polarized illumination. When either a bowtie nano-antenna (BNA) or a magnetic resonator (MR) is placed on this focusing structure, the energy can be high-efficiently coupled and focused into the BNA or MR...
April 3, 2017: Optics Express
Changhoon Park, Howon Jung, Jae W Hahn
We present an analytical formula to predict the three-dimensional field distribution of a nanoscale bowtie aperture using quasi-spherical waves (QSWs) and surface plasmon polaritons, which are excited by the fundamental waveguide mode and local plasmons of the aperture, respectively. Assuming two separate bowtie apertures in a metal film, we analysed the decay characteristics of QSWs using a finite difference time-domain method. To verify the formula, we recorded the spot patterns of the bowtie aperture on a photoresist film using various exposure times, and fit the patterns to the analytical formula in terms of the width and depth of the patterns...
March 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Zhihua Xie, Yannick Lefier, Miguel Angel Suarez, Mathieu Mivelle, Roland Salut, Jean-Marc Merolla, Thierry Grosjean
Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) have drawn strong interest in the past for their high prospects in scientific, medical, and industrial applications. However, the full characterization of these quantum emitters is currently restricted to the visible wavelengths, and it remains a key challenge to optically probe single CQDs operating in the infrared spectral domain, which is targeted by a growing number of applications. Here, we report the first experimental detection and imaging at room temperature of single infrared CQDs operating at telecommunication wavelengths...
March 24, 2017: Nano Letters
Nancy Rahbany, Wei Geng, Renaud Bachelot, Christophe Couteau
Overcoming the diffraction limit to achieve high optical resolution is one of the main challenges in the fields of plasmonics, nanooptics and nanophotonics. In this work, we introduce novel plasmonic structures consisting of nanoantennas (nanoprisms, single bowtie nanoantennas and double bowtie nanoantennas) integrated in the center of ring diffraction gratings. Propagating surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) are generated by the ring grating and coupled with localized surface plasmons (LSPs) at the nanoantennas exciting emitters placed in their gap...
May 5, 2017: Nanotechnology
Takeshi Ohno, Fujio Araki, Ryota Onizuka, Masahiro Hatemura, Toshiaki Shimonobou, Takashi Sakamoto, Shuichiro Okumura, Daichi Ideguchi, Keiichi Honda, Kenji Kawata
This study compared dosimetric properties among four commercial multi-detector CT (MDCT) scanners. The X-ray beam characteristics were obtained from photon intensity attenuation curves of aluminum and off-center ratio (OCR) profiles in air, which were measured with four commercial MDCT scanners. The absorbed dose for MDCT scanners was evaluated with Farmer ionization chamber measurements at the center and four peripheral points in the body- and head-type cylindrical water phantoms. Measured collected charge was converted to absorbed dose using a (60)Co absorbed dose-to-water calibration factor and Monte Carlo (MC)-calculated correction factors...
March 2017: Physica Medica: PM
Michelle Thunders, Jo Cavanagh, Yinsheng Li
BACKGROUND: Earthworms are sensitive to toxic chemicals present in the soil and so are useful indicator organisms for soil health. Eisenia fetida are commonly used in ecotoxicological studies; therefore the assembly of a baseline transcriptome is important for subsequent analyses exploring the impact of toxin exposure on genome wide gene expression. RESULTS: This paper reports on the de novo transcriptome assembly of E. fetida using Trinity, a freely available software tool...
February 27, 2017: Biological Research
John S Muryn, Ashraf G Morgan, Chris L Liptak, Frank F Dong, W Paul Segars, Andrew N Primak, Xiang Li
In Monte Carlo simulation of CT dose, many input parameters are required (e.g. bowtie filter properties and scan start/end location). Our goal was to examine the uncertainties in patient dose when input parameters were inaccurate. Using a validated Monte Carlo program, organ dose from a chest CT scan was simulated for an average-size female phantom using a reference set of input parameter values (treated as the truth). Additional simulations were performed in which errors were purposely introduced into the input parameter values...
April 21, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
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