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E Trybus, G Krol, T Obarzanowski, W Trybus, A Kopacz-Bednarska, M Obarzanowski, T Krol
Most studies on the effects of glucocorticosteroid therapy in rhinitis relate to their inhibitory effect on activation and the number of inflowing cells that are involved in the development and maintenance of inflammation. It is also very important to determine the range of effect of budesonide on residing cells (epithelial cells). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of local budesonide therapy on the cytological image of the nasal mucosa, with attention paid to columnar cells in patients with rhinitis...
December 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Mery Munoz-Persy, Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a unique form of non-IgE-mediated food allergy characterized by esophageal eosinophilic infiltration that commonly causes dysphagia and food impaction in children and adolescents. Assessing the efficacy of dietary restrictions or drug therapies to achieve clinical and histologic resolution of EoE through randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses has resulted in new evidence-based guidelines. Avoiding food triggers is the only therapy targeting the cause of the disease...
March 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Patrick Darken, Paolo DePetrillo, Colin Reisner, Earl St Rose, Paul Dorinsky
The budesonide/glycopyrronium/formoterol fumarate dihydrate metered dose inhaler (BGF MDI) is an inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting muscarinic antagonist/long-acting β2 -agonist fixed-dose combination formulated with innovative co-suspension delivery technology that is in clinical development for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This randomized, Phase I, single-dose, six-treatment, four-period, crossover study (NCT01980615) examined the pharmacokinetic (PK) and safety profile of three doses of BGF MDI (320/14...
March 12, 2018: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Alireza Sadeghnia, Behzad Koorang Beheshti, Majid Mohammadizadeh
Background: Considering all the latest achievements in neonatal respiratory care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is still among the most prevalent morbidity causes in premature infants. Involvement in this process results in longer period of hospitalization for the newborn and in the long run makes the living conditions more difficult. Taking the multifactorial pathogenesis into account, approaches to tackle chronic lung disease (CLD) are mainly focused on interventions and prevention procedures...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Chunjiang Lv, Yongsheng Zhang, Lili Shen
BACKGROUND: Resveratrol is a natural, nonflavonoid polyphenol, exerting anti-inflammatory activity. It has been reported that resveratrol, together with carboxymethyl-β-glucan, can reduce nasal symptoms in children with allergic rhinitis (AR). In this study, the effect of resveratrol on nasal symptoms in adults with AR was investigated. METHODS: We conducted a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study. One hundred and fifty-one adults (aged 18-60 years) with severe persistent AR were divided into a placebo-treated group (n = 50), a positive control budesonide-treated group (n = 50), and a resveratrol-treated group (n = 51)...
March 14, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Halis Kaan Akturk, Ana Maria Chindris, Jolaine M Hines, Ravinder J Singh, Victor J Bernet
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether dietary supplements that are herbal and/or animal-derived products, marketed for enhancing metabolism or promoting energy, "adrenal fatigue," or "adrenal support," contain thyroid or steroid hormones. METHODS: Twelve dietary adrenal support supplements were purchased. Pregnenolone, androstenedione, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, cortisol, cortisone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, synthetic glucocorticoids (betamethasone, dexamethasone, fludrocortisone, megestrol acetate, methylprednisolone, prednisolone, prednisone, budesonide, and triamcinolone acetonide) levels were measured twice in samples in a blinded fashion...
March 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Xue Zhang, Wuping Bao, Xia Fei, Yingying Zhang, Guoqing Zhang, Xin Zhou, Min Zhang
Airway remodeling is a vital component of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite the broad anti-inflammation effects of glucocorticoids, they exhibit relatively little therapeutic benefit in COPD, indicating the accelerating demands of new agents for COPD. We aim to explore the effect of progesterone on airway remodeling in a murine modeling of exposing to ozone and to further examine the potential effect of progesterone on glucocorticoid insensitivity. C57/BL6 mice were exposed to ozone for 12 times over 6 weeks, and were administered with progesterone alone or combined with budesonide (BUD) after each exposure until the 10th week...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Immunology
Shiwei Zhao, Qi Yang, Zhixi Yu, You Lv, Jianming Zhi, Pascal Gustin, Wenhui Zhang
As a potent bronchodilator, the anti-inflammatory effects of tiotropium and its interaction with budesonide against cadmium-induced acute pulmonary inflammation were investigated. Compared to values obtained in rats exposed to cadmium, cytological analysis indicated a significant decrease of total cell and neutrophil counts and protein concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in rats pretreated with tiotropium (70μg/15ml or 350μg/15ml). Zymographic tests showed a decrease of MMP-2 activity in BALF in rats pretreated only with high concentration of tiotropium...
2018: PloS One
Georgios K Eleftheriadis, Melpomeni Akrivou, Nikolaos Bouropoulos, John Tsibouklis, Ioannis S Vizirianakis, Dimitrios G Fatouros
Towards engineering approaches that are designed to optimize the particle size, morphology and mucoadhesion behavior of the particulate component of inhaler formulations, this paper presents the preparation, physicochemical characterization and preliminary in vitro evaluation of multicomponent polymer-lipid systems that are based on "spray-drying engineered" α-lactose monohydrate microparticles. The formulations combine an active (budesonide) with a lung surfactant (dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine) and with materials that are known for their desirable effects on morphology (polyvinyl-alcohol), aerosolization (L-leucine) and mucoadhesion (chitosan)...
February 27, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Linan Zeng, Jinhui Tian, Fujian Song, Wenrui Li, Lucan Jiang, Ge Gui, Yang Zhang, Long Ge, Jing Shi, Xin Sun, Dezhi Mu, Lingli Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the comparative efficacy and safety of corticosteroids in the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. Two reviewers independently selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of postnatal corticosteroids in preterm infants. A Bayesian network meta-analysis and subgroup analyses were performed. RESULTS: We included 47 RCTs with 6747 participants...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Cristina Bezzio, Stefano Festa, Giulia Zerboni, Claudio Papi, Gianpiero Manes, Simone Saibeni
Budesonide belongs to low-bioavailability steroids class. A novel oral formulation of budesonide, which uses the Multi-Matrix System (MMX) for delivering drugs to the colon, is now available as a possible treatment of ulcerative colitis patients intolerant or not-responding to first-line therapy with 5-ASA. Areas covered: in this review we present information about the development and the use of budesonide MMX and we provide data about its mechanism of action as well as, pharmacodynamics and pharmacokynetics...
February 23, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Lannae Strueby, Bernard Thébaud
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides a concise summary of recent literature pertaining to emerging therapies for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). To provide context for the presented therapies, a brief overview of recently proposed changes to the definition of BPD and the concept of expanded respiratory outcomes is included. RECENT FINDINGS: New or redefined respiratory outcomes are required to improve accuracy in evaluating new therapies and correlating results with long-term clinical outcomes of importance...
February 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Signe Wildt, Lars K Munck, Sabine Becker, Helle Brockstedt, Ole K Bonderup, Mette F Hitz
OBJECTIVES: Patients with microscopic colitis (MC) have several risk factors for osteoporosis. The prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in MC is unknown. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate bone mineral status in MC. METHODS: Patients with MC and disease activity within the last 2 years were included. Bone turnover markers were analyzed and bone mineral density (BMD) was measured with Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) at inclusion and after one year...
February 22, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
Jianjun Wu, Xin Li, Yang Qin, Juan Cheng, Gaimei Hao, Ruifeng Jin, Chenjun Zhu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine (TCHM), named Jinwei Tang on histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) and its role in the regulation of corticosteroid resistance in a rat model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Male Wistar rats were divided into five groups (each n=10): COPD group, established by the intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide and passive smoke exposure, and control, budesonide, theophylline + budesonide and Jinwei Tang + budesonide groups...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Sunil Rajan, Pulak Tosh, Jerry Paul, Lakshmi Kumar
Background and Aims: Post-operative sore throat (POST) is often considered an inevitable consequence of tracheal intubation. This study was performed to compare the effect of inhaled budesonide suspension, administered using a metered dose inhaler, on the incidence and severity of POST. Methods: In this prospective randomised study, 46 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgeries lasting <2 h were randomly allotted into two equal groups. Group A received 200 μg budesonide inhalation suspension, using a metered dose inhaler, 10 min before intubation, and repeated 6 h after extubation...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Seong-Ryeol Kim, Jae-Hyoung Song, Jae-Hee Ahn, Geun-Shik Lee, Huijeong Ahn, Sung-Il Yoon, Seung Goo Kang, Pyeung-Hyeun Kim, Sang-Min Jeon, Eun-Ji Choi, Sooyoung Shin, Younggil Cha, Sungchan Cho, Dong-Eun Kim, Sun-Young Chang, Hyun-Jeong Ko
Human rhinovirus (HRV) infection causes more than 80% of all common colds and is associated with severe complications in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. To identify antiviral drug against HRV infection, we screened 800 FDA-approved drugs and found budesonide as one of the possible drug candidates. Budesonide is a corticosteroid, which is commonly used to prevent exacerbation of asthma and symptoms of common cold. Budesonide specifically protects host cells from cytotoxicity following HRV infection, which depend on the expression of glucocorticoid receptor...
February 1, 2018: Antiviral Research
Jiangtao Lin, Xin Zhou, Changzheng Wang, Chuntao Liu, Shaoxi Cai, Mao Huang
The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) annual report summarizes the latest evidence for asthma management. GINA recommends stepwise pharmacological treatment, advocating inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) plus rapid, long-acting β2-agonists (LABA) delivered in a single inhaler for maintenance and relief at Steps 3 (moderate persistent asthma requiring 1-2 controllers plus as-needed reliever), 4 (severe persistent asthma requiring ≥2 controllers plus as-needed reliever), and 5 (higher level care and/or add-on treatment)...
February 5, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Qinhong Kang, Xiaoying Zhang, Shanjuan Liu, Fang Huang
The aim of the present study was to analyze the correlation between the vitamin D (VitD) levels and asthma attack in children, and to evaluate the effects of combination therapy of atomization inhalation of budesonide, albuterol and VitD supplementation on asthmatic children. The total sample size comprised of 96 children with asthma from the time period between May 2015 to April 2016. At the same time, 96 healthy children were also selected from the physical examination center for comparison study. The levels of serum VitD in both groups were detected by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Maan Alherbish, Khalid F Mobaireek, Abdullah A Alangari
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the seasonal variations of acute asthma presentation in children and the utility of the pediatric asthma score (PAS) and its components in early admission prediction. METHODS: As part of a randomized controlled trial addressing the clinical efficacy of budesonide nebulization in the treatment of acute asthma in children, the PAS was measured at baseline, 1st , 2nd , 3rd , and 4th h from the start of medications. Decision of admission was taken at or beyond the 2nd h...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Craig C Reed, Anca M Safta, Shadi Qasem, M Angie Almond, Evan S Dellon, Elizabeth T Jensen
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined combined or alternating treatment algorithms in eosinophilic esophagitis. AIMS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to ascertain the efficacy and adherence to a combined and alternating treatment approach with topical corticosteroids and 2-food elimination diet for pediatric EoE. METHODS: Patients were prescribed a 2-food elimination diet (milk and soy) and topical corticosteroid (fluticasone or oral viscous budesonide) for 3 months, after which the steroid was discontinued and 2-food elimination diet continued for 3 months...
January 29, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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