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Budesonide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202108/-clinical-efficacy-of-pulmonary-surfactant-combined-with-budesonide-for-preventing-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#1
Jing Pan, Ming-Wu Chen, Wen-Quan Ni, Tao Fang, Hui Zhang, Ye Chen, Jia-Hua Pan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy of intratracheal instillation of pulmonary surfactant (PS) combined with budesonide for preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: Thirty VLBW infants with gestational age <32 weeks who developed neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) (grade III-IV) suffering from intrauterine infection were randomly assigned into a PS + budesonide group and a PS alone group...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195073/effects-of-budesonide-on-the-lung-functions-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-a-saline-lavage-model-of-acute-lung-injury
#2
D Mokra, P Kosutova, S Balentova, M Adamkov, P Mikolka, J Mokry, M Antosova, A Calkovska
Diffuse alveolar injury, edema, and inflammation are fundamental signs of acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Whereas the systemic administration of corticosteroids previously led to controversial results, this study evaluated if corticosteroids given intratracheally may improve lung functions and reduce edema formation, migration of cells into the lung and their activation in experimentally-induced ALI. In oxygen-ventilated rabbits, ALI was induced by repetitive saline lung lavage, until PaO2 decreased to < 26...
December 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185668/effect-of-nebulized-budesonide-on-decreasing-the-recurrence-of-allergic-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#3
Qi Dai, Chen Duan, Quan Liu, Hongmeng Yu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and the effects on decreasing the recurrence of AFRS (allergic fungal rhinosinusitis) of a budesonide inhalation suspension delivered via transnasal nebulization to patients following endoscopic sinus surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients were recruited into this study. Final diagnoses were reached using Bent and Kuhn's criteria. The eligible patients were randomly divided into two groups: the budesonide transnasal nebulization group (group A) and the topical nasal steroids group (group B)...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184376/seronegative-adult-autoimmune-enteropathy-in-a-male-traveler
#4
Patrick McCabe, Latifat Alli-Akintade, Jesse Stondell
Autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) is rare but damaging. The lack of consistent objective findings makes diagnosis a challenge. A 45-year-old male developed noninfectious diarrhea with significant weight loss and electrolyte abnormalities. Computed tomography delineated enteritis. Colonoscopy and esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed villous atrophy, chronic inflammation, and ulceration of the terminal ileum and cecum. Pathology showed cryptitis with apoptosis and abscesses throughout the small and large bowel and absent goblet cells...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165675/intratracheal-administration-of-budesonide-surfactant-in-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Rohini Venkataraman, Majeeda Kamaluddeen, Shabih U Hasan, Helen Lee Robertson, Abhay Lodha
Despite the near universal adaptation of gentle mechanical ventilation, surfactant use and non-invasive respiratory support, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains one of the most common respiratory morbidities in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Thus, the objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of intra-tracheal administration of budesonide-surfactant mixture in preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched for randomized clinical trials in which intra-tracheal administration of budesonide-surfactant was used to prevent BPD in infants...
February 6, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161282/use-of-anti-allergic-drugs-in-children
#6
C Suárez-Castañón, G Modroño-Riaño, G Solís-Sánchez
Allergic rhinitis is one of the most frequent chronic diseases in children. We have analysed the prescriptions habits of anti-allergic medications in children (<14 years old) in 2011. We calculated the DHD (N°DDD/1000 children/day) for oral antihistamines and intranasal therapies (corticoids and antihistamines) in the region (sanitary districts I-VIII) and specifically in sanitary district V (health centres 1-15). We also reviewed the clinical records in six health centres in sanitary district V to know more details about age and diagnosis and to value if these prescriptions are adequate...
February 1, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151588/safety-of-long-term-intranasal-budesonide-delivered-via-the-mucosal-atomization-device-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#7
Jamil Manji, Gurkaran Singh, Christopher Okpaleke, Anali Dadgostar, Fahad Al-Asousi, Ameen Amanian, Luis Macias-Valle, Andres Finkelstein, Mark Tacey, Andrew Thamboo, Amin Javer
BACKGROUND: Although short-term use (≤2 months) of atomized topical nasal steroids has been shown to be safe and effective, the long-term safety has yet to be demonstrated. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of long-term topical budesonide treatment via the mucosal atomization device (MAD) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) and intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: A cross-sectional study of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), with or without nasal polyposis, managed with daily nasal budesonide via MAD was conducted at a tertiary rhinology center...
February 2, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147366/what-should-be-done-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-with-prior-malignancy
#8
REVIEW
Jacques Cosnes
BACKGROUND: Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients with prior malignancy is challenging because therapeutic immunosuppression required for controlling IBD activity may increase the risk of cancer recurrence. Key Messages: Contrary to the observations in the post-transplant population, retrospective observational studies of IBD patients with prior malignancy have not demonstrated that immunosuppressive drugs increased significantly the risk of new or recurrent cancer...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146003/comparative-effectiveness-of-mesalamine-sulfasalazine-corticosteroids-and-budesonide-for-the-induction-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease-a-bayesian-network-meta-analysis
#9
Stephanie Coward, M Ellen Kuenzig, Glen Hazlewood, Fiona Clement, Kerry McBrien, Rebecca Holmes, Remo Panaccione, Subrata Ghosh, Cynthia H Seow, Ali Rezaie, Gilaad G Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Induction treatment of mild-to-moderate Crohn's disease is controversial. PURPOSE: To compare the induction of remission between different doses of mesalamine, sulfasalazine, corticosteroids, and budesonide for active Crohn's disease. DATA SOURCES: We identified randomized controlled trials from existing Cochrane reviews and an updated literature search in Medline, EMBASE, and CENTRAL to November 2015. STUDY SELECTION: We included randomized controlled trials (n = 22) in adult patients with Crohn's disease that compared budesonide, sulfasalazine, mesalamine, or corticosteroids with placebo or each other, for the induction of remission (8-17 wks)...
January 31, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140635/influence-of-respiratory-tract-disease-and-mode-of-inhalation-on-detectability-of-budesonide-in-equine-urine-and-plasma
#10
Ann Kristin Barton, Henrike Heinemann, Ina Schenk, Marc Machnik, Heidrun Gehlen
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of respiratory tract disease (ie, recurrent airway obstruction [RAO]) and mode of inhalation on detectability of inhaled budesonide in equine plasma and urine samples. ANIMALS 16 horses (8 healthy control horses and 8 horses affected by RAO, as determined by results of clinical examination, blood gas analysis, bronchoscopy, and cytologic examination of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid). PROCEDURES 4 horses of each group inhaled budesonide (3 μg/kg) twice daily for 10 days while at rest, and the remaining 4 horses of each group inhaled budesonide during lunging exercise...
February 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138449/budesonide-related-iatrogenic-cushing-s-syndrome-in-microscopic-colitis
#11
Kartikeya Tripathi, Thomas Dunzendorfer
Budesonide is the treatment of choice for microscopic colitis because of its excellent risk to benefit ratio. It is a potent, well-absorbed corticosteroid, but because of a high rate of first-pass metabolism in the liver, its systemic bioavailability is low. It has fewer corticosteroid-related adverse effects than prednisone, and adrenal suppression is considered to be rare. We present a middle-aged woman with lymphocytic colitis whose symptoms responded to budesonide but developed budesonide-related iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138230/erratum-comparative-analysis-of-budesonide-formoterol-and-fluticasone-salmeterol-combinations-in-copd-patients-findings-from-a-real-world-analysis-in-an-italian-setting-corrigendum
#12
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 2749 in vol. 11, PMID: 27853362.].
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126427/efficacy-and-limitations-of-budesonide-as-a-second-line-treatment-for-patients-with-autoimmune-hepatitis
#13
M Peiseler, T Liebscher, M Sebode, R Zenouzi, J Hartl, H Ehlken, N Pannicke, C Weiler-Normann, A W Lohse, C Schramm
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Many patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) develop steroid-specific side effects or require doses of steroids that are unacceptable for long-term treatment. We investigated the efficacy of budesonide as an alternative steroid for patients previously treated with prednisolone who developed side effects or were unable to reduce their dose of prednisolone below acceptable levels. We also report the effects of more than 12 months of budesonide treatment in a large cohort of patients with AIH...
January 23, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124966/-a-case-of-bronchiolitis-obliterans-secondary-to-human-metapneumovirus-bronchiolitis
#14
Osman Yeşilbaş, Esra Şevketoğlu, Hasan Serdar Kıhtır, Mey Talip Petmezci, Elif Bato, Seda Balkaya, Nevin Hatipoğlu, Mert Ahmet Kuşkucu, Figen Palabıyık, Erkan Çakır
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV), formerly classified in Paramyxoviridae family is now moved into Pneumoviridae, which was described as a novel family. It causes upper and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) usually in children younger than five years old. The recent epidemiological studies indicated that hMPV is the second most frequently detected virus in LRTIs of young children, following the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a chronic obstructive lung disease characterized by fibrosis of the distal respiratory airways...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123478/effects-of-salbutamol-aerosol-combined-with-magnesium-sulfate-on-t-lymphocyte-subgroup-and-th1-th2-cytokines-of-pediatric-asthma
#15
Min Diao, Jie Min, Fei Guo, Chong-Lin Zhang
The aim of the study was to analyze the effects of the intravenous infusion of salbutamol aerosol combined with magnesium sulfate in the treatment of pediatric asthma and the subsequent effects on the levels of T-lymphocyte subgroups and Th1/Th2 cytokines. A total of 86 patients with pediatric asthma, first diagnosed and treated at the Xuzhou Children's Hospital, were continuously selected and randomly divided into an observation group of 44 cases and control group of 42 cases. The patients in the control group were treated with budesonide atomization inhalation, while the children in the observation group were treated with intravenous infusion of salbutamol aerosol combined with magnesium sulfate...
January 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120603/high-dose-nebulized-budesonide-is-effective-for-mild-asthma-exacerbations-in-children-under-3-years-of-age
#16
M Saito, Y Kikuchi, A Kawarai Lefor, M Hoshina
Background. High-dose inhaled steroid therapy has been shown to be effective in children and adults with asthma exacerbations. However, few reports are available regarding its efficacy for asthma exacerbations in younger children. Objective. In this study, we administered high-dose nebulized budesonide therapy for mild asthma exacerbations in children < 3 years of age and compared its efficacy and safety with systemic steroid therapy. Methods. This study included children < 3 years old with mild asthma exacerbations...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119938/pseudomembranous-collagenous-colitis-a-case-of-not-so-microscopic-colitis
#17
Douglas Grunwald, Manisha Mehta, Sunil G Sheth
We present a 72-year-old male who developed progressive, watery diarrhea despite anti-motility agents. On colonoscopy, the mucosa was inflamed and covered with an exudate. Stool studies for Clostridium difficile and Escherichia coli were negative. Biopsies revealed pseudomembranous collagenous colitis, a rare form of microscopic colitis. His symptoms improved dramatically with budesonide therapy.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119748/mometasone-furoate-suppresses-pma-induced-muc-5ac-and-muc-2-production-in-human-airway-epithelial-cells
#18
Orapan Poachanukoon, Sittichai Koontongkaew, Paopanga Monthanapisut, Napaporn Pattanacharoenchai
BACKGROUND: Mucus hypersecretion from airway epithelium is a characteristic feature of airway inflammatory diseases. Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) regulates mucin synthesis. Glucocorticoids including mometasone fuorate (MF) have been used to attenuate airway inflammation. However, effects of MF on mucin production have not been reported. METHODS: Effects of MF and budesonide (BUD) on the phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA)-induction of mucin and TNF-α in human airway epithelial cells (NCI-H292) were investigated in the present study...
January 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119235/cordycepin-inhibits-airway-remodeling-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-asthma
#19
Xia Fei, Xue Zhang, Guo-Qing Zhang, Wu-Ping Bao, Ying-Ying Zhang, Min Zhang, Xin Zhou
The potential suppression role of cordycepin (Cor) on airway remodeling in a rat model of chronic asthma was investigated in this paper. We evaluated the anti-remodeling of Cor (50mg/kg) combined with or without budesonide (BUD) and investigated the possible underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that Cor attenuated immunoglobulin (Ig) E, alleviated the airway wall thickness, and decreased eosinophils and neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Notably, Cor reduced the up-regulation of IL-5, IL-13 and TNF-α in the BALF...
January 21, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116096/an-inhaled-dose-of-budesonide-induces-genes-involved-in-transcription-and-signaling-in-the-human-airways-enhancement-of-anti-and-proinflammatory-effector-genes
#20
Richard Leigh, Mahmoud M Mostafa, Elizabeth M King, Christopher F Rider, Suharsh Shah, Curtis Dumonceaux, Suzanne L Traves, Andrew McWhae, Tyler Kolisnik, Cora Kooi, Donna M Slater, Margaret M Kelly, Mark Bieda, Anna Miller-Larsson, Robert Newton
Although inhaled glucocorticoids, or corticosteroids (ICS), are generally effective in asthma, understanding their anti-inflammatory actions in vivo remains incomplete. To characterize glucocorticoid-induced modulation of gene expression in the human airways, we performed a randomized placebo-controlled crossover study in healthy male volunteers. Six hours after placebo or budesonide inhalation, whole blood, bronchial brushings, and endobronchial biopsies were collected. Microarray analysis of biopsy RNA, using stringent (≥2-fold, 5% false discovery rate) or less stringent (≥1...
August 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
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