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Glasgow prognostic score

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895358/paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-presentation-prognostic-indicators-and-outcome-analysis-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-a-developing-country
#1
Badar Ujjan, Muhammad Waqas, Muhammad Babar Khan, Saqib Kamran Bakhshi, Muhammad Ehsan Bari
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. This study was conducted to report the presentation, management, outcomes and prognostic indicators in a large series of patients from a tertiary care centre in a developing country. It is a review of prospectively collected data of paediatric patients with TBI admitted at our centre between July 2010 and December 2013. A total of 291 patients with a mean age of 7.2±5.0 years were dichotomised into survivors and non-survivors, and variables were compared between the two groups...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894101/impact-of-hematological-inflammatory-markers-on-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-salivary-duct-carcinoma-a-multi-institutional-study-in-japan
#2
Daisuke Kawakita, Yuichiro Tada, Yorihisa Imanishi, Shintaro Beppu, Kiyoaki Tsukahara, Satoshi Kano, Hiroyuki Ozawa, Kenji Okami, Yuichiro Sato, Akira Shimizu, Yukiko Sato, Chihiro Fushimi, Soichiro Takase, Takuro Okada, Hiroki Sato, Kuninori Otsuka, Yoshihiro Watanabe, Akihiro Sakai, Koji Ebisumoto, Takafumi Togashi, Yushi Ueki, Hisayuki Ota, Tomotaka Shimura, Toyoyuki Hanazawa, Shingo Murakami, Toshitaka Nagao
The prognostic role of modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) remains unclear. We conducted a multi-institutional retrospective cohort study of 140 SDC patients. The survival impact of these hematological markers was evaluated using multivariate proportional hazard models.High mGPS (≥1) was significantly associated with worse survival (3-year overall survival (OS): 16.7% vs 66.1%, p-value=0...
November 24, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892939/postoperative-survival-according-to-the-glasgow-prognostic-score-in-patients-with-resected-lung-adenocarcinoma
#3
Yuichiro Machida, Motoyasu Sagawa, Makoto Tanaka, Nozomu Motono, Takuma Matsui, Katsuo Usuda, Hidetaka Uramoto
Background: The Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) is calculated from measured CRP and albumin levels. We here evaluated the significance of the GPS in patients with resected pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Materials and Methods: The present study included 156 patients with lung adenocarcinoma who underwent lobectomy at Kanazawa Medical University between 2002 and 2012. Classification was into three groups: those with normal albumin (>=3.5 g/dl) and C-reactive protein (CRP) (<=1.0 mg/dl) levels were classified as GPS 0 (n =136), those with low albumin (<3...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873100/the-pretreatment-systemic-inflammatory-response-is-an-important-determinant-of-poor-pathologic-response-for-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-rectal-cancer
#4
Stephan B Dreyer, Arfon G M T Powell, Stephen T McSorley, Ashita Waterston, James J Going, Joanne Edwards, Donald C McMillan, Paul G Horgan
BACKGROUND: Not all patients respond equally to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT), with subsequent effects on survival. The systemic inflammatory response has been shown to predict long-term outcomes in colorectal cancer. The current study examined the association between systemic inflammation and nCRT in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2010, patients who underwent nCRT were identified. Serum measurements of hemoglobin, C-reactive protein, albumin, modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), and differential white cell counts were obtained before and after nCRT...
November 21, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866811/the-modified-glasgow-prognosis-score-predicts-for-overall-and-disease-free-survival-following-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-in-patients-with-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-of-appendiceal-origin
#5
G H C Tan, C A Novo, S Dayal, K Chandrakumaran, F Mohamed, T Cecil, B J Moran
BACKGROUND: The modified Glasgow prognostic score (incorporating C-reactive protein and albumin) predicts survival in patients with gastro-intestinal tract cancer but has not been evaluated in patients with peritoneal malignancy. The aim was to evaluate the modified Glasgow score preoperatively in patients undergoing complete cytoreductive surgery (CCRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) of appendiceal origin. METHODS: Prospectively collected data from patients with PMP of appendiceal origin following CCRS and HIPEC between January 2007 and December 2011 were analysed...
October 31, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860387/an-inflammatory-biomarker-based-nomogram-to-predict-prognosis-of-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-an-analysis-of-a-prospective-study
#6
Xiao-Hui Li, Hui Chang, Bing-Qing Xu, Ya-Lan Tao, Jin Gao, Chen Chen, Chen Qu, Shu Zhou, Song-Ran Liu, Xiao-Hui Wang, Wen-Wen Zhang, Xin Yang, Si-Lang Zhou, Yun-Fei Xia
Chronic inflammation plays an important role in tumor progression. The aim of this analysis was to evaluate whether inflammatory biomarkers such as the Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and the lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) could predict the prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In this analysis, pretreatment GPS, NLR, PLR, LMR of 388 patients who were diagnosed as nonmetastatic NPC and recruited prospectively in the 863 Program No...
November 10, 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857999/do-age-and-anticoagulants-affect-the-natural-history-of-acute-subdural-hematomas
#7
Brandon P Lucke-Wold, Ryan C Turner, Darnell Josiah, Chelsea Knotts, Sanjay Bhatia
Acute subdural hematoma is a serious complication following traumatic brain injury. Large volume hematomas or those with underlying brain injury can cause mass effect, midline shift, and eventually herniation of the brain. Acute subdural hematomas in the young are associated with high-energy trauma and often have underlying contusions, while acute subdural hematomas in the elderly are associated with minor trauma and an absence of underlying contusions, even though the elderly are more likely to be on anticoagulants or anti-platelet therapy...
2016: Arch Emerg Med Crit Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854304/a-novel-inflammation-based-stage-i-stage-predicts-overall-survival-of-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#8
Jian-Pei Li, Shu-Lin Chen, Xiao-Min Liu, Xia He, Shan Xing, Yi-Jun Liu, Yue-Hao Lin, Wan-Li Liu
Recent studies have indicated that inflammation-based prognostic scores, such as the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), modified GPS (mGPS) and C-reactive protein/Albumin (CRP/Alb) ratio, platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), have been reported to have prognostic value in patients with many types of cancer, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In this study, we proposed a novel inflammation-based stage, named I stage, for patients with NPC. A retrospective study of 409 newly-diagnosed cases of NPC was conducted...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853867/ratio-of-c-reactive-protein-to-albumin-is-a-prognostic-factor-for-operable-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-elderly-patients
#9
Takuro Miyazaki, Naoya Yamasaki, Tomoshi Tsuchiya, Keitaro Matsumoto, Masaki Kunizaki, Ryotaro Kamohara, Go Hatachi, Ryoichiro Doi, Tomohiro Obata, Takeshi Nagayasu
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate inflammation-based scoring as a prognostic factor for operable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in elderly patients. METHODS: We collected preoperative data from 108 patients aged above 80 years with NSCLC. Inflammation-based scoring systems, including the C-reactive protein to albumin ratio (CAR) and the Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), as well as other clinicopathological factors, were evaluated as potential prognostic factors...
November 16, 2016: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847759/analysis-of-the-outcome-and-prognostic-factors-of-decompressive-craniectomy-between-young-and-elderly-patients-for-acute-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction
#10
Byung Rhae Yoo, Chan Jong Yoo, Myeong Jin Kim, Woo-Kyung Kim, Dae Han Choi
OBJECTIVE: We compared the effect of decompressive craniectomy between patients < 65 and ≥ 65 years age and investigated prognostics factors that may help predict favorable outcome in acute stroke patients undergoing decompressive surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 52 patients diagnosed with acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory infarction that underwent decompressive craniectomy were retrospectively reviewed. The outcome of all patients were evaluated by assessing the Glasgow coma scale, Glasgow outcome scale (GOS), and Modified Rankin scale (mRS) six months after the onset of the disease...
September 2016: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847731/c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-as-prognostic-score-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Heung-Chul Park, Moon-Young Kim, Chul-Hwan Kim
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have examined histopathological factors and various prognostic scores related to inflammation to predict outcomes. Here, we examined the prognostic value of the C-reactive protein/albumin (CRP/alb) ratio in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 40 patients with OSCC. Using univariate and multivariate analyses, we focused on the correlation of the CRP/alb ratio with clinicopathological characteristics and with overall survival...
October 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845954/sulfonylurea-receptor-1-a-novel-biomarker-for-cerebral-edema-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Ruchira M Jha, Ava M Puccio, Sherry Hsiang-Yi Chou, Chung-Chou H Chang, Jessica S Wallisch, Bradley J Molyneaux, Benjamin E Zusman, Lori A Shutter, Samuel M Poloyac, Keri L Janesko-Feldman, David O Okonkwo, Patrick M Kochanek
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral edema is a key poor prognosticator in traumatic brain injury. There are no biomarkers identifying patients at-risk, or guiding mechanistically-precise therapies. Sulfonylurea receptor-1-transient receptor potential cation channel M4 is upregulated only after brain injury, causing edema in animal studies. We hypothesized that sulfonylurea receptor-1 is measurable in human cerebrospinal fluid after severe traumatic brain injury and is an informative biomarker of edema and outcome...
November 14, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822634/a-postoperative-systemic-inflammation-score-predicts-short-and-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer
#13
David G Watt, Stephen T McSorley, James H Park, Paul G Horgan, Donald C McMillan
BACKGROUND: Following surgery, a significant proportion of patients develop postoperative complications that are associated with poorer long-term survival. Stereotypical markers of the systemic inflammatory response (SIR) have been shown to identify patients at increased risk of developing such complications. The aim of the present study was to examine the prognostic value of a postoperative systemic inflammation-based score in patients undergoing potentially curative surgery for colorectal cancer...
November 7, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805992/volumetric-analysis-of-day-of-injury-computed-tomography-is-associated-with-rehabilitation-outcomes-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Sarah Majercik, Joseph Bledsoe, David Ryser, Ramona O Hopkins, Joseph E Fair, R Brock Frost, Joel MacDonald, Ryan Barrett, Susan Horn, David Pisani, Erin D Bigler, Scott Gardner, Mark Stevens, Michael J Larson
INTRODUCTION: Day-of-injury (DOI) brain lesion volumes in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients are rarely used to predict long-term outcomes in the acute setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between acute brain injury lesion volume and rehabilitation outcomes in patients with TBI at a Level One Trauma Center. METHODS: Patients with TBI who were admitted to our rehabilitation unit after the acute care trauma service from February 2009-July 2011 were eligible for the study...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798927/inflammation-based-prognostic-score-in-patients-with-living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Norifumi Harimoto, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Tomonari Shimagaki, Akihisa Nagatsu, Takashi Motomura, Noboru Harada, Hirohisa Okabe, Shinji Itoh, Toru Ikegami, Hideaki Uchiyama, Yuji Soejima, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Inflammation-besed prognostic score including neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) have prognostic value in various malignancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated their prognostic value in 213 patients with living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Disease-free survival (DFS) following LDLT was calculated; NLR, PLR, PNI and mGPS values in patients with and without recurrence were compared...
October 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789791/safety-and-outcomes-of-simultaneous-vasospasm-and-endovascular-aneurysm-treatment-svat-in-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#16
REVIEW
Doniel Drazin, Vernard S Fennell, Edward Gifford, Carlito Lagman, Kunakorn Atchaneeyasakul, Randall C Edgell, Mahmoud Rayes, Andrew Xavier, Muhammad S Hussain, Rishi Gupta, Junaid S Kalia, Osama O Zaidat, Italo Linfante, Raul G Nogueira, Thanh Nguyen, Jamary Oliveira-Filho, Alexandre D M Barros, Alan Boulos, Michael J Alexander, Dileep R Yavagal
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous vasospasm and endovascular aneurysm treatment (SVAT) has been shown to be effective with good clinical outcomes in small series, but these studies have not examined predictive factors for clinical outcome after treatment. OBJECTIVE: To identify the safety and efficacy of SVAT in a large multicenter patient cohort and evaluate prognostic markers of clinical outcome following SVAT. METHODS: This study retrospectively enrolled 50 consecutive patients undergoing SVAT at 11 different centers...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781250/-predictive-value-of-glasgow-prognostic-score-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-undergoing-laparoscopic-radical-resection
#17
Xianglong Cao, Tao Yu, Gang Zhao, Gang Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of preoperative Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) for the postoperative complications and survival in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) undergoing laparoscopic radical resection. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in the Beijing Hospital between January 2009 and January 2012. A total of 228 patients with primary CRC undergoing laparoscopic radical resection were analyzed. The GPS was constructed based on routine preoperative blood tests of C-reactive protein and serum albumin...
October 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781149/prognostic-value-of-plasma-galectin-3-levels-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#18
Hua Liu, Yong Liu, Jinbing Zhao, Hongyi Liu, Shengxue He
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory responses are correlated with secondary brain injury after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a novel biomarker reflecting inflammation status, and its elevated circulating levels are associated with poor prognosis of some inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between Gal-3 plasma levels and prognosis in a group of aSAH patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed plasma Gal-3 levels in 120 patients and 120 healthy individuals...
October 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774844/the-estimated-verbal-gcs-sub-score-in-intubated-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-is-it-really-better
#19
Katarina Cheng, Ribal Bassil, Raphael Carandang, Wiley Hall, Susanne Muehlschlegel
The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) has limited utility in intubated patients due to the inability to assign verbal sub-scores. The verbal sub-score can be derived from the eye and motor sub-scores using a mathematical model, but the advantage of this method and its use in outcome prognostication in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients remains unknown. We compared the validated "Core+CT"-IMPACT-model performance in 251 intubated TBI patients prospectively enrolled in the longitudinal OPTIMISM-study between November 2009 and May 2015 when substituting the original motor GCS with the total estimated GCS (teGCS; with estimated verbal sub-score)...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768663/incidence-risk-factors-and-mortality-associated-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-combat-casualty-care
#20
Pauline K Park, Jeremy W Cannon, Wen Ye, Lorne H Blackbourne, John B Holcomb, William Beninati, Lena M Napolitano
BACKGROUND: The overall incidence and mortality of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in civilian trauma settings have decreased over the past four decades; however, the epidemiology and impact of ARDS on modern combat casualty care are unknown. We sought to determine the incidence, risk factors, resource utilization, and mortality associated with ARDS in current combat casualty care. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of mechanically ventilated US combat casualties within the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (formerly the Joint Theater Trauma Registry) during Operation Iraqi Freedom/Enduring Freedom (October 2001 to August 2008) for ARDS development, resource utilization, and mortality...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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