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Glasgow prognostic score

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216211/the-association-of-surgical-method-with-outcomes-of-acute-subdural-hematoma-patients-experience-with-643-consecutive-patients
#1
Rimantas Vilcinis, Adomas Bunevicius, Arimantas Tamasauskas
OBJECTIVE: Optimal surgical management strategy of acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) patients is challenging. We investigated the association of decompressive craniectomy (DC) and osteoplastic craniotomy (OC) with outcomes in consecutive patients undergoing surgical evacuation of ASDH, and analyzed prognostic indicators. METHODS: We reviewed prospective institutional database of all adult ASDH patients operated by craniotomy from January, 2009 until January, 2016. Mortality and discharge outcomes (Glasgow outcomes scale or GOS) were analyzed as a function of surgical method adjusting for age, admission GCS, ASDH thickness and midline shift...
February 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213742/comparison-of-systemic-inflammatory-and-nutritional-scores-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-who-underwent-potentially-curative-resection
#2
Ryuma Tokunaga, Yasuo Sakamoto, Shigeki Nakagawa, Daisuke Izumi, Keisuke Kosumi, Katsunobu Taki, Takaaki Higashi, Tatsunori Miyata, Yuji Miyamoto, Naoya Yoshida, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Various systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores have been reported to predict postoperative outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the best systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who underwent potentially curative resection. METHOD: We evaluated 468 consecutive CRC patients in this study. Comparisons of systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores, including the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic index (PI), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), were performed using univariate/multivariate analyses for patient survival...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208906/association-of-serum-uric-acid-level-with-the-severity-of-brain-injury-and-patient-s-outcome-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Masoud Hatefi, Masoud Moghadas Dastjerdi, Bahareh Ghiasi, Asghar Rahmani
INTRODUCTION: The prognostic value of serum Uric Acid (UA) levels in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is unclear. AIM: To investigate the relationship between serum UA levels and prognosis of patients with TBI when in hospital and at six months after discharge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients attended our emergency department during July 2014 and December 2015 and were consecutively entered into the study and among 890 evaluated candidates based on inclusion criteria we finally investigated the serum UA levels of 725 TBI patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197709/glasgow-prognostic-score-and-prognosis-after-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
Tomoyuki Abe, Hirotaka Tashiro, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Minoru Hattori, Shintaro Kuroda, Hideki Ohdan
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation can promote tumor growth. The Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), a simple assessment of systemic inflammation status, could be useful to predict the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after hepatectomy. METHODS: Consecutive HCC patients were enrolled following hepatectomy at our institution between 2005 and 2012. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify variables associated with overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195955/impact-score-for-traumatic-brain-injury-validation-of-the-prognostic-tool-in-a-spanish-cohort
#5
Juan José Egea-Guerrero, Ana Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Elena Gordillo-Escobar, Esperanza Fernández-Delgado, Ángela Martínez-Roldán, Álvaro Roldán-Reina, Pilar Durán-Martínez, Enrique de Vega-Ríos, María Dolores Freire-Aragón, Ángel Vilches-Arenas, Francisco Murillo-Cabezas, Manuel Quintana-Díaz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to validate the IMPACT (International Mission for Prognosis and Analysis of Clinical Trials in TBI) model in a Spanish cohort of patients with moderate-severe TBI (traumatic brain injury). SETTING: Two level I neurotrauma centers. PARTICIPANTS: Patients admitted to these hospitals between 2011 and 2014 with a diagnosis of TBI and a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 12 or less. DESIGN: Prospective observational study...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194757/a-population-based-study-on-epidemiology-of-intensive-care-unit-treated-traumatic-brain-injury-in-iceland
#6
G M Jonsdottir, S H Lund, B Snorradottir, S Karason, I H Olafsson, K Reynisson, B Mogensen, K Sigvaldason
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury is a worldwide health issue and a significant cause of preventable deaths and disabilities. We aimed to describe population-based data on intensive care treated traumatic brain injury in Iceland over 15 years period. METHODS: Retrospective review of all intensive care unit admissions due to traumatic brain injury at The National University Hospital of Iceland 1999-2013. Data were collected on demographics, mechanism of injury, alcohol consumption, glasgow come scale upon admission, Injury Severity Scoring, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II score, length of stay, interventions and mortality (defined as glasgow outcome score one)...
February 13, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186445/subdural-hematoma-as-a-major-determinant-of-short-term-outcomes-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Jonathan J Lee, David J Segar, John F Morrison, William M Mangham, Shane Lee, Wael F Asaad
OBJECTIVE Early radiographic findings in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been studied in hopes of better predicting injury severity and outcome. However, prior attempts have generally not considered the various types of intracranial hemorrhage in isolation and have typically not excluded patients with potentially confounding extracranial injuries. Therefore, the authors examined the associations of various radiographic findings with short-term outcome to assess the potential utility of these findings in future prognostic models...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180998/the-prognostic-value-and-pathobiological-significance-of-glasgow-microenvironment-score-in-gastric-cancer
#8
Zhi-Hua Zhou, Cheng-Dong Ji, Jiang Zhu, Hua-Liang Xiao, Hai-Bin Zhao, You-Hong Cui, Xiu-Wu Bian
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic value and pathobiological significance of Glasgow microenvironment score (GMS), a parameter based on tumor stroma percentage and inflammatory cell infiltration, in gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 225 cases of gastric cancer were histologically reviewed, and GMS was evaluated for each case. The association between GMS and patients' survival was investigated. Then the relationship between GMS and mismatch repair (MMR) status, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection were determined using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization, and the expression of PD1/PD-L1 was examined...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156669/a-novel-scoring-system-to-predict-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-the-memorial-prognostic-score-mps
#9
Alison Wiesenthal, Andrew S Epstein, Junting Zheng, Jessica Goldberg, Jason Meadows, Eileen Mary O'Reilly, Paul A Glare
: 36 Background: A major limitation of prognostic tools such as the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG), Karnofsky, and Palliative Performance Scale is a reliance on subjective clinical assessment. An objective tool, the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) is derived from C-reactive Protein (CRP) and albumin and has been validated in patients with operable and inoperable malignancies. One disadvantage of this tool is that CRP is not routinely measured in the United States. We examined if the Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratios (NLR) (Ahn, H...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150446/evaluation-of-the-modified-glasgow-prognostic-score-to-predict-outcome-in-dogs-with-newly-diagnosed-lymphoma
#10
S J Fontaine, E McCulloch, P D Eckersall, H Haining, J C Patterson Kane, J S Morris
The modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) assigns a numerical value (0-2) from pre-treatment serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin to predict patient outcome. CRP and albumin were evaluated in 77 untreated dogs with lymphoma to determine the relationship of mGPS to clinicopathological parameters and whether it could predict progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in treated dogs. mGPS distribution was significantly associated with clinical stage, substage b, weight loss, gastrointestinal disturbances and lethargy at presentation...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149077/outcome-prediction-after-traumatic-brain-injury-comparison-of-the-performance-of-routinely-used-severity-scores-and-multivariable-prognostic-models
#11
Marek Majdan, Alexandra Brazinova, Martin Rusnak, Johannes Leitgeb
OBJECTIVES: Prognosis of outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is important in the assessment of quality of care and can help improve treatment and outcome. The aim of this study was to compare the prognostic value of relatively simple injury severity scores between each other and against a gold standard model - the IMPACT-extended (IMP-E) multivariable prognostic model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this study, 866 patients with moderate/severe TBI from Austria were analyzed...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133062/-surgical-outcome-of-palliative-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-patients-with-bowel-obstruction-due-to-peritoneal-dissemination
#12
Ryohei Kawabata, Masato Yoshikawa, Chizu Kameda, Akihiro Takata, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Chikato Koga, Masahiro Murakami, Masaki Hirota, Shingo Noura, Junzo Shimizu, Junichi Hasegawa
A retrospective cohort analysis was performed for 21 consecutive patients who underwent palliative surgery for bowel obstruction due to peritoneal metastasis from gastric cancer. Surgical site infection occurred in 5 of 21 patients, but there were no severe(Clavien-Dindo Grade III or higher)complications, and symptoms of bowel obstruction were improved in 20 of 21 patients. The median survival time was 6.6 months. The survival rate was significantly worse for patients in modified Glasgow prognostic score(mGPS)group D compared with those in mGPS group non-D(p=0...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133047/-risk-evaluation-and-prognostic-prediction-of-colorectal-cancer-in-elderly-patients-over-80-years-of-age
#13
Shinji Ohki, Koji Kase, Shun Chida, Suguru Hayase, Shotaro Fujita, Tomoyuki Monma, Masashi Takawa, Koji Kono, Toru Ohtake, Seiichi Takenoshita
This study aimed to investigate risk factors and prognosis ofcolorectal cancer in patients over 80 years ofage. Surgical risk was evaluated by colorectal POSSUM(CR-POSSUM)and prognosis by Glasgow prognostic score(GPS). The analysis included 56 patients aged over 80 years with colorectal cancer during 2002-2012. Mean operation time, blood loss, and period ofhospitalization were 130 min, 111 mL, and 19.9 days, respectively. Postoperative complications occurred in 26 patients (46.4%; complications group). The 5-year overall survival rate for patients with complication scores above 2 was 51...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129563/glasgow-prognostic-score-is-a-prognosis-predictor-for-patients-with-endometrial-cancer
#14
Masayuki Saijo, Keiichiro Nakamura, Hisashi Masuyama, Naoyuki Ida, Tomoko Haruma, Tomoyuki Kusumoto, Noriko Seki, Yuji Hiramatsu
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the inflammation-based Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) predicted the prognosis of patients with endometrial cancer (EC) in terms of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). STUDY DESIGN: Pretreatment GPS was examined to determine the correlations with recurrence and survival in 431 patients with EC. Statistical analyses were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test. PFS and OS were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106499/retrospective-study-of-long-term-outcome-after-brain-arteriovenous-malformation-rupture-the-rap-score
#15
Eimad Shotar, Matthieu Debarre, Nader-Antoine Sourour, Federico Di Maria, Joseph Gabrieli, Aurélien Nouet, Jacques Chiras, Vincent Degos, Frédéric Clarençon
OBJECTIVE The authors aimed to design a score for stratifying patients with brain arteriovenous malformation (BAVM) rupture, based on the likelihood of a poor long-term neurological outcome. METHODS The records of consecutive patients with BAVM hemorrhagic events who had been admitted over a period of 11 years were retrospectively reviewed. Independent predictors of a poor long-term outcome (modified Rankin Scale score ≥ 3) beyond 1 year after admission were identified. A risk stratification scale was developed and compared with the intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) score to predict poor outcome and inpatient mortality...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105355/evaluation-of-prognostic-markers-for-patients-with-curatively-resected-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#16
Masahide Ikeguchi, Yusuke Kouno, Kyoichi Kihara, Kazunori Suzuki, Kanenori Endo, Seiichi Nakamura, Takashi Sawada, Tetsu Shimizu, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Yoji Fukumoto, Hiroaki Saito
The Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are prognostic parameters for malignancies. Additionally, serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) and cytokeratin 19 fragments (CYFRA 21-1) are tumor markers for squamous cell carcinoma. In the present study, the prognostic importance of these markers in patients with resectable thoracic esophageal cancer was investigated. In this retrospective study, 84 enrolled patients diagnosed with resectable clinical stage I-III thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) underwent thoracic esophageal resection and three-field lymph node dissection at Tottori University Hospital between January 2007 and December 2013...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062344/prognostic-tools-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Claribel P L Simmons, Donald C McMillan, Kerry McWilliams, Tonje A Sande, Kenneth C Fearon, Sharon Tuck, Marie T Fallon, Barry J Laird
PURPOSE: In 2005, the European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC) made recommendations for prognostic markers in advanced cancer. Since then, prognostic tools have been developed, evolved and validated. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the progress in the development and validation of prognostic tools. METHODS: Medline, Embase Classic + and Embase were searched. Eligible studies met the following criteria: patients with incurable cancer; >18 years; original studies; population n>100; published after 2003...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059838/comparison-of-the-prognostic-significance-of-initial-blood-lactate-and-base-deficit-in-trauma-patients
#18
Mathieu Raux, Yannick Le Manach, Tobias Gauss, Romain Baumgarten, Sophie Hamada, Anatole Harrois, Bruno Riou, Jacques Duranteau, Olivier Langeron, Jean Mantz, Catherine Paugam-Burtz, Bernard Vigue
BACKGROUND: Initial blood lactate and base deficit have been shown to be prognostic biomarkers in trauma, but their respective performances have not been compared. METHODS: Blood lactate levels and base deficit were measured at admission in trauma patients in three level 1 trauma centers. This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively acquired data. The association of initial blood lactate and base deficit with mortality was tested using receiver operating characteristics curve, logistic regression using triage scores (Revised Trauma Score and Mechanism Glasgow scale and Arterial Pressure score), and Trauma Related Injury Severity Score as a reference standard...
March 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058140/predictive-value-of-brain-arrest-neurological-outcome-scale-branos-on-mortality-and-morbidity-after-cardiac-arrest
#19
Cengiz Şahutoğlu, Mehmet Uyar, Kubilay Demirağ, Hasan İsayev, Ali Reşat Moral
OBJECTIVE: There are several prediction scales and parameters for prognosis after a cardiac arrest. One of these scales is the brain arrest neurological outcome scale (BrANOS), which consists of duration of cardiac arrest, Glasgow Coma Scale score and Hounsfield unit measured on cranial computed tomography (CT) scan. The objective of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of BrANOS on predicting the mortality and disability after a cardiac arrest. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated cardiac arrest patients who were hospitalized in our intensive care unit (ICU) within a 3-year period...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049261/nutrition-assessment-and-its-relationship-with-performance-and-glasgow-prognostic-scores-in-vietnamese-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#20
Tran Chau Quyen, Jongjit Angkatavanich, Tran Van Thuan, Vo Van Xuan, Le Danh Tuyen, Do Anh Tu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the nutritional status of patients with esophageal cancer, and to investigate its relationship with performance status and prognosis. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This clinical, cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to February 2015 at National Cancer Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam. Stage III/IV esophageal cancer patients were assessed for their nutritional status (patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and SGA scores, BMI, mid-arm circumference (MAC), energy and protein intakes, weight changes, Karnofsky and Eastern cooperative oncology group performance scores (KPS/ECOG), and Glasgow prognostic score (GPS)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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