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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821832/development-of-enhanced-ethanol-ablation-as-an-alternative-to-surgery-in-treatment-of-superficial-solid-tumors
#1
Robert Morhard, Corrine Nief, Carlos Barrero Castedo, Fangyao Hu, Megan Madonna, Jenna L Mueller, Mark W Dewhirst, David F Katz, Nirmala Ramanujam
While surgery is at the foundation of cancer treatment, its access is limited in low-income countries. Here, we describe development of a low-cost alternative therapy based on intratumoral ethanol injection suitable for resource-limited settings. Although ethanol-based tumor ablation is successful in treating hepatocellular carcinomas, the necessity for multiple treatments, injection of large fluid volumes, and decreased efficacy in treatment of non-capsulated tumors limit its applicability. To address these limitations, we investigated an enhanced ethanol ablation strategy to retain ethanol within the tumor through the addition of ethyl cellulose...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820685/immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-in-hiv-infected-immigrants
#2
María Pérez-Rueda, Michele Hernández-Cabrera, Adela Francés-Urmeneta, Alfonso Angel-Moreno, Elena Pisos-Álamo, Nieves Jaén-Sánchez, Cristina Carranza-Rodríguez, Jose-Luis Pérez-Arellano
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) includes a group of potentially serious inflammatory processes that may be present in HIV-infected patients after initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Paradoxical IRIS is a worsening of symptoms, after an overwhelming response to a previously diagnosed opportunistic infection (OI); unmasking IRIS reveals a previously occult OI. The main objective of the study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and outcome data of HIV-infected immigrants, stratified according to high- or low-income countries of origin, who developed IRIS and to compare them with native-born Spanish patients...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820517/global-oncology-volunteering-making-an-effective-contribution
#3
Annette Galassi, Rachna Pradhan, Gayatri Palat, Virginia T LeBaron
Elements of a good health system are lacking in most low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and in many high-income countries, including the United States. 
A major problem is financing health care. On average, about 50% of healthcare financing in low-income countries comes from out-of-pocket payments, compared to 30% in middle-income countries and 14% in high-income countries.
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820019/the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-and-frequency-of-sugar-sweetened-soft-drink-consumption-among-low-income-adults-in-the-us
#4
Jiyeun Park, Hsien-Chang Lin, Chao-Ying Peng
BACKGROUND: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) was designed to help low-income people purchase nutritious foods in the US. In recent years, there has been a consistent call for banning purchases of sugar drinks in SNAP. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the association between SNAP participation and the frequency of sugar-sweetened soft drink (SSD) consumption among low-income adults in the US. METHOD: Data came from the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818071/completeness-of-malaria-indicator-data-reporting-via-the-district-health-information-software-2-in-kenya-2011-2015
#5
Sophie Githinji, Robinson Oyando, Josephine Malinga, Waqo Ejersa, David Soti, Josea Rono, Robert W Snow, Ann M Buff, Abdisalan M Noor
BACKGROUND: Health facility-based data reported through routine health information systems form the primary data source for programmatic monitoring and evaluation in most developing countries. The adoption of District Health Information Software (DHIS2) has contributed to improved availability of routine health facility-based data in many low-income countries. An assessment of malaria indicators data reported by health facilities in Kenya during the first 5 years of implementation of DHIS2, from January 2011 to December 2015, was conducted...
August 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817966/attitudes-and-barriers-to-healthy-diet-and-physical-activity-a-latent-profile-analysis
#6
Christine A Vaughan, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Tamara Dubowitz
Healthy diet and physical activity (PA) prevent and reduce chronic disease. Social cognitive theory delineates multiple attitudes and barriers that influence these behaviors. Understanding covariation in these attitudes and barriers is complex. We examined whether individuals could be grouped into a small number of categories that are easier to study. Interviews were conducted with 982 adults from two low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in the same city. Social cognitive constructs, including self-efficacy, social norms, and internal and external barriers to diet and exercise, and walking were self-reported...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817334/community-health-worker-support-for-disadvantaged-patients-with-multiple-chronic-diseases-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Shreya Kangovi, Nandita Mitra, David Grande, Hairong Huo, Robyn A Smith, Judith A Long
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a community health worker (CHW) intervention improved outcomes in a low-income population with multiple chronic conditions. METHODS: We conducted a single-blind, randomized clinical trial in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (2013-2014). Participants (n = 302) were high-poverty neighborhood residents, uninsured or publicly insured, and diagnosed with 2 or more chronic diseases (diabetes, obesity, tobacco dependence, hypertension). All patients set a disease-management goal...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817295/does-the-offer-of-free-prescriptions-increase-generic-prescribing
#8
Bruce Stuart, Franklin Hendrick, J Samantha Dougherty, Jing Xu
OBJECTIVES: To test if offering zero generic co-pays for oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) and statins increases generic dispensing for low-income subsidy (LIS) recipients with diabetes enrolled in Medicare Part D. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed a natural experiment in which LIS recipients were randomized to Part D plans in 2008. Some plans placed selected generic OADs and statins on zero co-pay tiers whereas others did not. Randomization eliminated selection effects which could bias the study findings...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816770/prevalence-of-disability-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-and-rheumatic-diseases-in-a-population-from-cuenca-ecuador
#9
Sergio Vicente Guevara-Pacheco, Astrid Feican-Alvarado, Jorge Delgado-Pauta, Angelita Lliguisaca-Segarra, Ingris Pelaez-Ballestas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of disability in patients with musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases in Cuenca, Ecuador. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analytical study with randomized sampling in 4877 subjects, from urban and rural areas. COPCORD (Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases)-validated questionnaire was administered house-to-house to identify subjects with nontraumatic musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816736/distance-traveled-for-an-abortion-and-source-of-care-after-abortion
#10
Ushma D Upadhyay, Nicole E Johns, Karen R Meckstroth, Jennifer L Kerns
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between distance traveled for an abortion and site of postabortion care among low-income women. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using claims data from 39,747 abortions covered by California's Medicaid program in 2011-2012. Primary outcomes were the odds of abortion-related visits to an emergency department (ED) and the original abortion site, and the secondary outcome was total abortion care costs. We used mixed-effects logistic regression adjusting for patient and abortion characteristics to examine the associations between distance traveled and subsequent abortion-related care at each location...
August 14, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816637/the-impact-of-exceeding-tanf-time-limits-on-the-access-to-healthcare-of-low-income-mothers
#11
Kimberly Narain, Susan Ettner
The objective of this article is to estimate the relationship of exceeding Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) time limits, with health insurance, healthcare, and health outcomes. The authors use Heckman selection models that exploit variability in state time-limit duration and timing of policy implementation as identifying exclusion restrictions to adjust the effect estimates of exceeding time limits for possible correlations between the probability of exceeding time limits and unobservable factors influencing the outcomes...
August 17, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816589/acculturation-influences-postpartum-eating-activity-and-weight-retention-in-low-income-hispanic-women
#12
Chantel L Martin, Deborah F Tate, Andrew Schaffner, Anna Brannen, Karen Erickson Hatley, Molly Diamond, Karen Munoz-Christian, Jeremy Pomeroy, Teresa Sanchez, Adrian Mercado, Todd Hagobian, Suzanne Phelan
BACKGROUND: Low-income Hispanic women experience elevated rates of high postpartum weight retention (PPWR), which is an independent risk factor for lifetime obesity. Sociocultural factors might play an important role among Hispanic women; however, very few studies have examined this association. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine the associations between acculturation and maternal diet, physical activity, and PPWR. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study of baseline data from 282 Hispanic women participating in the FitMoms/Mamás Activas study, a randomized controlled trial examining the impact of primarily an internet-based weight control program, in reducing PPWR among low-income women...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815393/pattern-noise-pano-a-new-automated-functional-glaucoma-test
#13
Sylvain El-Khoury, Thomas Hannen, Diana Carmen Dragnea, Faustin Ngounou, Paul-Rolf Preußner
PURPOSE: To present a newly developed visual field device (pattern noise: PANO) designed to be sensitive to glaucoma defects, cost-effective, material-practical and easy to repair and therefore particularly suited for low-income countries, where glaucoma can be highly prevalent (e.g. sub-Saharan Africa). METHODS: This is primarily a descriptive paper, but it also includes a prospective matched case-control pilot study. Hardware, stimulus, target configuration, testing strategy and result sheet are described...
August 16, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815374/the-roles-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-on-hispanic-children-s-mental-health-a-motor-skill-perspective
#14
Xiangli Gu, M Jean Keller, Karen H Weiller-Abels, Tao Zhang
PURPOSE: Motor competence (MC) has been recognized as the foundation for life-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) as well as an influential factor in reducing sedentary behavior during childhood. Guided by Blair et al.'s health model, the purpose of this study was to examine the behavioral mechanism of mental health including physical, psychosocial, and cognitive health among Hispanic children related to MC and MVPA. METHODS: A prospective research design was used with two-wave assessments across one academic year...
August 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813974/a-cosmetic-prosthetic-digit-with-bioinspired-embedded-touch-feedback
#15
Diego Barone, Marco D'Alonzo, Marco Controzzi, Francesco Clemente, Christian Cipriani
Partial hand amputation is the most frequent amputation level worldwide, accounting for approximately 90% of all upper limb amputations. Passive cosmetic prostheses represent one of the possible choices for its treatment, probably the most affordable one. However, these devices restore very limited motor function and subtle sensory feedback. The latter is an important component for restoring the body schema. In this work we present a simple yet potentially effective and low cost cosmetic digital prosthesis that embeds touch feedback; we dubbed this DESC-finger...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813268/parents-with-intellectual-disability
#16
REVIEW
Carlo Schuengel, Sabina Kef, Marja W Hodes, Marieke Meppelder
Questions around parents with intellectual disability have changed according to sociocultural shifts in the position and rights of people with intellectual disability. The early research focus on capacity for parenting has given way to a contextual model of parenting and child outcomes, increasingly tested in population-based samples. Epidemiological research shows that contextual variables such as low income, exposure to violence, and poor mental health partly account for negative outcomes. As theoretical models developed for other at risk populations prove increasingly helpful for understanding the challenges of parenting with intellectual disability, it becomes viable to adapt existing evidence-based parenting interventions and test these for this population...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812191/improved-outcome-of-childhood-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-an-eastern-european-country-lithuanian-experience
#17
Igne Kairiene, Ramune Pasauliene, Nadezda Lipunova, Goda Vaitkeviciene, Lina Rageliene, Jelena Rascon
The reported treatment outcomes of children treated for cancer in Eastern European countries are inferior to those in Northern/Western Europe. We hypothesized that recent survival rates could be comparable to the current standards and performed a population-based analysis of treatment outcome of childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in Lithuania, a small Eastern European country. Children < 18 years old who were treated for AML from 2000 to 2013 were included (n = 54). Estimates of 5-year event-free (EFS5y) and overall survival (OS5y) rates were analyzed...
August 15, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811379/geography-of-intergenerational-mobility-and-child-development
#18
Louis Donnelly, Irwin Garfinkel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Brandon G Wagner, Sarah James, Sara McLanahan
Recent research by Chetty and colleagues finds that children's chances of upward mobility are affected by the communities in which they grow up [Chetty R, Hendren N (2016) Working paper 23002]. However, the developmental pathways through which communities of origin translate into future economic gain are not well understood. In this paper we examine the association between Chetty and Hendren's county-level measure of intergenerational mobility and children's cognitive and behavioral development. Focusing on children from low-income families, we find that growing up in a county with high upward mobility is associated with fewer externalizing behavioral problems by age 3 years and with substantial gains in cognitive test scores between ages 3 and 9 years...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810833/population-effectiveness-of-the-pentavalent-and-monovalent-rotavirus-vaccines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#19
Daniel Hungerford, Katie Smith, Angela Tucker, Miren Iturriza-Gómara, Roberto Vivancos, Catherine McLeonard, Nigel A Cunliffe, Neil French
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus was the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in infants and young children prior to the introduction of routine vaccination. Since 2006 there have been two licensed vaccines available; with successful clinical trials leading the World Health Organization to recommend rotavirus vaccination for all children worldwide. In order to inform immunisation policy we have conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observation studies to assess population effectiveness against acute gastroenteritis...
August 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810586/worldwide-research-productivity-in-fracture-surgery-a-10-year-survey-of-publication-activity
#20
Jianzhong Sun, Ren Ding, Tai Ma, Xiaobing Shi, Chaolu Bao, Huapeng Guan
Worldwide research contributions have allowed the field of fracture surgery to progress. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have documented the main characteristics of publications from different countries. The present study aimed to determine the quantity and quality of worldwide research in fracture surgery. The Web of Science database was searched to identify fracture articles published between 2005 and 2014. The contributions of countries were evaluated based on paper and citation numbers, and the research output of each country was adjusted according to population size...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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