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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350867/dissociation-between-skin-test-reactivity-and-anti-aeroallergen-ige-determinants-among-urban-brazilian-children
#1
Neuza M Alcantara-Neves, Rafael V Veiga, João C M Ponte, Sérgio S da Cunha, Silvia M Simões, Álvaro A Cruz, Maria Yazdanbakhsh, Sheila M Matos, Thiago Magalhães Silva, Camila A Figueiredo, Lain C Pontes-de-Carvalho, Laura C Rodrigues, Rosemeire L Fiaccone, Philip J Cooper, Maurício L Barreto
BACKGROUND: The dissociation between specific IgE and skin prick test reactivity to aeroallergens, a common finding in populations living in low and middle-income countries, has important implications for the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases. Few studies have investigated the determinants of this dissociation. In the present study, we explored potential factors explaining this dissociation in children living in an urban area of Northeast Brazil, focusing in particular on factors associated with poor hygiene...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350797/dementia-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-different-realities-mandate-tailored-solutions
#2
Cleusa Pinheiro Ferri, K S Jacob
In a Perspective, Cleusa Ferri and K. S. Jacob discuss the assessment, recognition, and care of people living with dementia in low- and middle-income countries.
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346531/the-prevalence-of-trichomoniasis-and-associated-factors-among-women-treated-at-a-university-hospital-in-southern-brazil
#3
Fabiane Aguiar Dos Anjos Gatti, Etienne Ceolan, Fernando Salles Rodrigues Greco, Paula Costa Santos, Gabriel Baracy Klafke, Gisele Rodrigues de Oliveira, Andrea Von Groll, Ana Maria Barral de Martinez, Carla Vitola Gonçalves, Carlos James Scaini
BACKGROUND: Trichomoniasis is the most prevalent non-viral sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the world; however, it remains a neglected parasitic disease. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of trichomoniasis and its associated epidemiological factors among women treated at a hospital in southern Brazil. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study was performed to determine the prevalence of this infection in women treated at Hospital Universitário (HU) in Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, between January 2012 and January 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345140/global-trends-in-the-burden-of-liver-cancer
#4
Chandrakanth Are, Bria Meyer, Apollo Stack, Humera Ahmad, Lynette Smith, Biyun Qian, Tianqiang Song, Sanjib Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe the influence of geography, socio-economic development, and demographic shift on the trends in global incidence, mortality, and prevalence of liver cancer (LC). METHODS: Data (2012-2030) relating to LC and demographic shifts based on WHO regions and HDI areas were extracted from GLOBOCAN 2012 and analyzed to evaluate trends in incidence, mortality, and prevalence. RESULTS: The results of our study document a rising global burden of LC with the maximum impact in the WPRO region...
March 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344855/changes-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-knowledge-behavior-beliefs-self-efficacy-and-barriers-among-community-health-clinic-patients-after-a-health-literacy-intervention
#5
Connie L Arnold, Alfred Rademaker, Dachao Liu, Terry C Davis
OBJECTIVE: The objective in this pre- and post-survey assessment was to compare the effectiveness of a health literacy-directed intervention designed to increase knowledge, beliefs, barriers, self-efficacy and behavior associated with CRC screening with FOBT among patients cared for in predominantly rural community clinics and the change in these characteristics over the first 15 months after enrolling in a study designed to assess screening strategies. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2011, a quasi-experimental intervention was conducted in 8 predominantly rural Federally Qualified Health Centers...
February 2017: Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343413/development-and-implementation
#6
Teresa Schwendler, Cara Shipley, Nadine Budd, Angela Trude, Pamela J Surkan, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Priscila de Morais Sato, Thomas Eckmann, Hong Loh, Joel Gittelsohn
Higher rates of obesity and obesity-related chronic disease are prevalent in communities where there is limited access to affordable, healthy food. The B'More Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) trial worked at multiple levels of the food environment including food wholesalers and corner stores to improve the surrounding community's access to healthy food. The objective of this article is to describe the development and implementation of BHCK's corner store and wholesaler interventions through formal process evaluation...
March 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341586/less-exercise-and-more-drugs-how-a-low-income-population-manages-chronic-pain
#7
Barbara J Turner, Natalia Rodriguez, Melissa A Valerio, Yuanyuan Liang, Paula Winkler, Lisa Jackson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate chronic pain management in a multistate, low income, Hispanic population and to examine predictors of exercising and prescription pain medication (PPM) use. DESIGN: Online survey administered to a representative sample of Hispanic adults in June 2015 SETTING: Five southwestern states PARTICIPANTS: Among all 1007 online panel members who were Hispanic, aged 35-75 years from five states, representing 11,016,135 persons, the survey was completed by 516 members (51%)...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341459/does-where-you-shop-or-who-you-are-predict-what-you-eat-the-role-of-stores-and-individual-characteristics-in-dietary-intake
#8
Christine A Vaughan, Rebecca Collins, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Tamara Dubowitz
Interventions to address diet, a modifiable risk factor for diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease, have increasingly emphasized the influence of the physical environment on diet, while more traditional approaches have focused on individual characteristics. We examined environmental and individual influences on diet to understand the role of both. Household interviews were conducted in 2011 with 1372 individuals randomly selected from two low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in Pittsburgh, PA...
March 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340959/molecular-detection-of-clostridium-difficile-on-inert-surfaces-from-a-costa-rican-hospital-during-and-after-an-outbreak
#9
Luisa Morales, César Rodríguez, María Del Mar Gamboa-Coronado
BACKGROUND: Hospital transmission of Clostridium difficile is fostered by contamination of surfaces and medical equipment with spores highly resistant to disinfectants and regular cleaning procedures. Despite the outbreaks and fatalities that C difficile causes, its epidemiology has not been studied in hospitals from middle- and low-income countries. To tackle this knowledge gap, the detection frequency of C difficile DNA on inert surfaces of a major Costa Rican hospital during and after an outbreak was compared...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340229/meaningful-use-in-the-safety-net-a-rapid-ethnography-of-patient-portal-implementation-at-five-community-health-centers-in-california
#10
Sara L Ackerman, Urmimala Sarkar, Lina Tieu, Margaret A Handley, Dean Schillinger, Kenneth Hahn, Mekhala Hoskote, Gato Gourley, Courtney Lyles
Objective: US health care institutions are implementing secure websites (patient portals) to achieve federal Meaningful Use (MU) certification. We sought to understand efforts to implement portals in "safety net" health care systems that provide services for low-income populations. Materials and Methods: Our rapid ethnography involved visits at 4 California safety net health systems and in-depth interviews at a fifth. Visits included interviews with clinicians and executives ( n  = 12), informal focus groups with front-line staff ( n  = 35), observations of patient portal sign-up procedures and clinic work, review of marketing materials and portal use data, and a brief survey ( n  = 45)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339128/life-course-of-atopy-and-allergy-related-disease-events-in-tropical-sub-saharan-africa-a-birth-cohort-study
#11
Swaib A Lule, Harriet Mpairwe, Margaret Nampijja, Florence Akello, Joyce Kabagenyi, Benigna Namara, Gyaviira Nkurunungi, Dennison Kizito, Joseph Kahwa, Lawrence Muhangi, Stephen Nash, Moses Muwanga, Emily L Webb, Alison M Elliott
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries, allergy related-diseases (ARDs) follow a typical sequence, the "Atopic March". Little is known about the life-course of ARDs in the markedly different, low-income, tropical environment. We describe ARDs in a tropical, African birth cohort. METHODS: Ugandan children were followed from birth to nine years. ISAAC questionnaires were completed at intervals; doctor-diagnosed ARDs were recorded throughout follow-up. Skin prick tests (SPTs) were done at three and nine years...
March 24, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339003/influence-of-leisure-competence-and-level-of-leisure-activity-on-life-satisfaction-in-low-income-older-adults-in-rural-south-korea
#12
Jihea Choi, Jung A Choi
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationships among leisure competence, level of leisure activity, and life satisfaction in low-income older adults in rural South Korea. A sample of 137 older adults answered the study questionnaire, and significant differences in leisure competence were noted depending on age, religion, and perceived health status as well as level of leisure activity based on perceived health status and type of leisure activities. There were also notable differences in life satisfaction regarding religion and perceived health status, and a correlation among leisure competence, level of leisure activity, and life satisfaction; the influencing power of leisure competence and level of leisure activity on life satisfaction was 47%...
March 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338591/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-post-traumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#13
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (i) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (ii) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, Pubmed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338521/ethnicity-lipids-and-cardiovascular-disease
#14
Katia Gazzola, Rens Reeskamp, Bert-Jan van den Born
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of cardiovascular disease differs among ethnic groups and along geographic boundaries. At present, most of the projected increase in mortality from cardiovascular disease occurs in sub-Saharan African, Chinese and Southeast Asian populations. Ethnic disparities in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease coincide with quantitative and qualitative differences in risk factors for cardiovascular disease. High plasma cholesterol is one of the most important preventable causes of ischemic heart disease...
March 23, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337829/peer-bullying-in-seniors-subsidised-apartment-communities-in-saskatoon-canada-participatory-research
#15
Donna Goodridge, Jennifer Heal-Salahub, Elliot PausJenssen, George James, Joan Lidington
Given that 'home' is the major physical-spatial environment of many older adults and that home, social and neighbourhood environments are well-recognised to impact both the ability to age in place and quality of life in this population, a better understanding of the nature of social interactions within seniors' communal living environments is critical for health promotion. This paper describes a two-phase participatory research study examining peer bullying by older adults conducted in April and May, 2016. Responding to needs expressed by tenants, the objectives of this study were to identify the nature, prevalence and consequences of peer bullying for tenants of two low-income senior apartment communities...
March 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336743/is-socioeconomic-position-associated-with-risk-of-attempted-suicide-in-rural-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study-of-165%C3%A2-000-individuals
#16
D W Knipe, D Gunnell, R Pieris, C Priyadarshana, M Weerasinghe, M Pearson, S Jayamanne, A H Dawson, F Mohamed, I Gawarammana, K Hawton, F Konradsen, M Eddleston, C Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with an increased risk of suicidal behaviour in high-income countries, but this association is unclear in low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: We investigated the association of SEP with attempted suicide in a cross-sectional survey of 165 233 Sri Lankans. SEP data were collected at the household (assets, social standing (highest occupation of a household member), foreign employment and young (≤40 years) female-headed households) and individual level (education and occupation)...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336312/old-antibiotics-for-emerging-multidrug-resistant-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-mdr-xdr-tb
#17
Philippe Brouqui, Fanny Quenard, Michel Drancourt
Recently, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has become a therapeutic challenge. In addition to drug resistance, drug adverse events, intravenous delivery, cost and availability of some antibiotics in low-income countries have led to a look back to old drugs, especially those efficient against closely related organisms such as Mycobacterium leprae. Here we review the available drugs that respect the conditions above and could be upgraded to first-line therapy for treating MDR-TB and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB)...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335885/policy-and-priorities-for-national-cancer-control-planning-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lessons-from-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-costs-in-oncology-prospective-cohort-study
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Evidence to guide policymakers in developing affordable and equitable cancer control plans are scarce in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). METHODS: The 2012-2014 ASEAN Costs in Oncology Study prospectively followed-up 9513 newly diagnosed cancer patients from eight LMIC in Southeast Asia for 12 months. Overall and country-specific incidence of financial catastrophe (out-of-pocket health costs ≥ 30% of annual household income), economic hardship (inability to make necessary household payments), poverty (living below national poverty line), and all-cause mortality were determined...
March 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335013/lifetime-and-1-year-prevalence-of-homelessness-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii
#19
Jack Tsai
Background: Homelessness remains a major public health problem in the USA but there have been few recent epidemiological studies in the general population. Methods: Using data from structured interviews with a nationally representative sample of 36 299 US adults from the 2012-13 Wave 3 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined the lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness, and its correlates. Results: Lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness in the US population was found to be 4...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334270/development-of-diagnostic-insecticide-concentrations-and-assessment-of-insecticide-susceptibility-in-german-cockroach-dictyoptera-blattellidae-field-strains-collected-from-public-housing
#20
Mahsa Fardisi, Ameya D Gondhalekar, Michael E Scharf
Insecticide resistance in German cockroaches (Blattella germanica (L.)) has been a barrier to effective control since its first documentation in the 1950s. A necessary first step toward managing resistance is to understand insecticide susceptibility profiles in field-collected strains so that active ingredients (AIs) with lowest resistance levels can be identified. As a first step in this study, diagnostic concentrations (DCs) were determined for 14 insecticide AIs based on lethal concentrations that killed 99% or 90% of the individuals from a susceptible lab strain (JWax-S)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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