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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107362/population-muscle-strength-predicts-olympic-medal-tallies-evidence-from-20-countries-in-the-pure-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Darryl P Leong, Martin McKee, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: National sporting achievement at the Olympic Games is important for national pride and prestige, and to promote participation in sport. Summer Olympic Games medal tallies have been associated with national wealth, and also social development and healthcare expenditure. It is uncertain however, how these socioeconomic factors translate into Olympic success. The objective of this study was therefore to examine the relationship between population muscle strength and Olympic medal tallies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107261/management-of-para-aortic-lymph-node-disease-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer-what-is-the-best-approach
#2
Marcelo Vailati Negrão, Julianne Maria da Silva Lima, Samantha Cabral Severino Silva, Maria Del Pilar Estevez Diz, Vanessa da Costa Miranda
Cervical cancer remains a prevalent and deadly disease in low-income countries, especially among young and otherwise healthy women. Multimodality treatment has led to a significant improvement in outcomes for patients with locally advanced disease, and this is mainly because of the incorporation of platinum-based chemoradiotherapy in current treatment protocols. However, locally advanced tumors are associated with a greater risk for para-aortic lymph node (PALN) involvement, which is an important adverse prognostic factor...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106613/relationship-of-sleep-duration-and-regularity-with-dietary-intake-among-preschool-aged-children-with-obesity-from-low-income-families
#3
Megan E Petrov, Kiley B Vander Wyst, Corrie M Whisner, Mihyun Jeong, Michaela Denniston, Michael W Moramarco, Martina R Gallagher, Elizabeth Reifsnider
OBJECTIVE: Diet is a modifiable factor associated with pediatric obesity outcomes, but few studies have evaluated the relationships of sleep duration and regularity on dietary intake of young preschool-aged children. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether short sleep duration and irregular sleep timing were associated with greater calorie, carbohydrate and fat consumption among young children with obesity from low-income families. METHODS: Fifty-one ethnically diverse children aged 2 to 4 years were recruited from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children clinics in a southeast Texas county...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105585/how-feasible-is-multiple-time-point-web-based-data-collection-with-individuals-experiencing-street-homelessness
#4
Karin M Eyrich-Garg, Shadiya L Moss
Three barriers investigators often encounter when conducting longitudinal work with homeless or other marginalized populations are difficulty tracking participants, high rates of no-shows for follow-up interviews, and high rates of loss to follow-up. Recent research has shown that homeless populations have substantial access to information technologies, including mobile devices and computers. These technologies have the potential both to make longitudinal data collection with homeless populations easier and to minimize some of these methodological challenges...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105544/status-of-birth-outcomes-in-clients-of-the-nurse-family-partnership
#5
William Thorland, Dustin W Currie
Background The Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) is a national, evidence-based home visiting program currently serving over 30,000 first-time, low-income mothers. Prior to public implementation, three foundational randomized controlled trials demonstrated program effectiveness in achieving beneficial birth, child development, and maternal life-course outcomes. This study describes birth outcomes of contemporary NFP clients compared to a reference cohort, providing the first evidence of program effect on a nation-wide basis during scale-up...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105363/incidence-and-survival-rates-of-ovarian-cancer-in-low-income-women-in-sudan
#6
Dafalla O Abuidris, Hsin-Yi Weng, Ahmed M Elhaj, Elgaylani Abdallah Eltayeb, Mohamed Elsanousi, Rehab S Ibnoof, Sulma I Mohammed
Ovarian cancer is the second most common gynecological cancer worldwide. Little is known about the disease in Sudan. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the incidence rate, age and stage at diagnosis, and median survival time of patients presenting at the National Cancer Institute-University of Gezira (NCI-UG), Sudan. Data were collected in a prospective study of women with ovarian cancer over a period of eleven years of follow-up (between 2000 and 2011). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the distribution of the demographics of the sample...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104999/development-of-a-scale-assessing-beliefs-about-thirdhand-smoke-baths
#7
Regine Haardörfer, Carla J Berg, Cam Escoffery, Łucja T Bundy, Melbourne Hovell, Michelle C Kegler
BACKGROUND: Similarly to secondhand smoke (SHS), thirdhand smoke (THS) beliefs may be correlated with smoking behaviors and smokefree policies in the home. Thus, there is a need to develop and validate measures to assess beliefs about THS. METHODS: A list of 19 items related to THS were generated by an expert panel and tested in a pilot study. Based on results from an exploratory factor analysis, two factors emerged: THS persistence in the environment and THS impact on health...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104710/protocol-of-a-feasibility-study-for-cognitive-assessment-of-an-ageing-cohort-within-the-southeast-asia-community-observatory-seaco-malaysia
#8
Devi Mohan, Blossom C M Stephan, Pascale Allotey, Carol Jagger, Mark Pearce, Mario Siervo, Daniel D Reidpath
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing proportion of population aged 65 years and older in low-income and middle-income countries. In Malaysia, this proportion is predicted to increase from 5.1% in 2010 to more than 15.4% by 2050. Cognitive ageing and dementia are global health priorities. However, risk factors and disease associations in a multiethnic, middle-income country like Malaysia may not be consistent with those reported in other world regions. Knowing the burden of cognitive impairment and its risk factors in Malaysia is necessary for the development of management strategies and would provide valuable information for other transitional economies...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104630/measuring-maternal-mortality-a-systematic-review-of-methods-used-to-obtain-estimates-of-the-maternal-mortality-ratio-mmr-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
REVIEW
Florence Mgawadere, Terry Kana, Nynke van den Broek
BACKGROUND: The new global target for maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is a ratio below 70 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births by 2030. We undertook a systematic review of methods used to measure MMR in low- and middle-income countries. SOURCES OF DATA: Systematic review of the literature; 59 studies included. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Civil registration (5 studies), census (5) and surveys (16), Reproductive Age Mortality Studies (RAMOS) (4) and the sisterhood methods (11) have been used to measure MMR in a variety of settings...
January 18, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104184/elder-abuse-prevalence-in-community-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Yongjie Yon, Christopher R Mikton, Zachary D Gassoumis, Kathleen H Wilber
BACKGROUND: Elder abuse is recognised worldwide as a serious problem, yet quantitative syntheses of prevalence studies are rare. We aimed to quantify and understand prevalence variation at the global and regional levels. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched 14 databases, including PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE, using a comprehensive search strategy to identify elder abuse prevalence studies in the community published from inception to June 26, 2015...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103930/trends-in-hospital-admissions-due-to-antidepressant-related-adverse-drug-events-from-2001-to-2011-in-the-u-s
#11
Harish S Parihar, Hongjun Yin, Jennifer L Gooch, Shari Allen, Samuel John, Jianwei Xuan
BACKGROUND: Depression is a prevalent mental health disorder and the fourth leading cause of disability in the world as per the World Health Organization. Use of antidepressants can lead to adverse drug events (ADEs), defined as any injury resulting from medication use. This study aimed to examine changes in hospital admissions due to antidepressant-related ADEs (ArADEs) among different socio-demographic groups and changes in lengths of stay (LOS) and hospital charges in ArADE admissions from 2001 to 2011...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103915/effects-of-community-health-volunteers-on-infectious-diseases-of-children-under-five-in-volta-region-ghana-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Yeonji Ma, Heunghee Kim, Yinseo Cho, Jaeeun Lee, Joseph Kwami Degley, Abdul-Ghaffa Adam, Gyuhong Lee, Hoonsang Lee, Seungman Cha
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries, community health volunteers (CHVs) are employed as a key element of the public health system in rural areas with poor accessibility. However, few studies have assessed the effectiveness of CHVs in improving child health in sub-Saharan Africa through randomized controlled trials. The present study aims to measure the impact of health promotion and case management implemented by CHVs on the health of under-5 children in Ghana. METHODS/DESIGN: This study presents the protocol of a cluster-randomized controlled trial assessing the impacts of CHVs, in which the community was used as the randomization unit...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103842/one-size-doesn-t-fit-all-cross-sectional-associations-between-neighborhood-walkability-crime-and-physical-activity-depends-on-age-and-sex-of-residents
#13
Andrea S Richardson, Wendy M Troxel, Madhumita B Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Gerald P Hunter, Amy S DeSantis, Natalie Colabianchi, Tamara Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Low-income African American adults are disproportionately affected by obesity and are also least likely to engage in recommended levels of physical activity (Flegal et al. JAMA 303(3):235-41, 2010; Tucker et al. Am J Prev Med 40(4):454-61, 2011). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is an important factor for weight management and control, as well as for reducing disease risk (Andersen et al. Lancet 368(9532):299-304, 2006; Boreham and Riddoch J Sports Sci 19(12):915-29, 2001; Carson et al...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103456/health-inequalities-in-diabetes-mellitus-and-hypertension-a-parish-level-study-in-the-northern-region-of-portugal
#14
Teresa Leao, Julian Perelman, Manuela Felício, Vasco Machado, Graça Lima
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes and hypertension are highly prevalent conditions in Portugal. Little is known about the geographical and social patterning of these diseases, which precludes the design of targeted health policies. This study aimed to measure the geographical and socioeconomic distribution of type 2 diabetes and hypertension prevalence in the population resident in the Northern region of Portugal, for the year 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An ecological correlation study analyzed the 2,028 parishes of the region...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103110/engaging-fathers-in-effective-parenting-for-preschool-children-using-shared-book-reading-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Anil Chacko, Gregory A Fabiano, Greta L Doctoroff, Beverly Fortson
Engaging fathers and improving their parenting and, in turn, outcomes for their children in preventive/promotion-focused parenting interventions has been a notable, but understudied, challenge in the field. This study evaluated the effects of a novel intervention, Fathers Supporting Success in Preschoolers: A Community Parent Education Program, which focuses on integrating behavioral parent training with shared book reading (i.e., Dialogic Reading) using key conceptual models (i.e., common elements, deployment model, task shifting) to engage and improve father (i...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103077/quantifying-disparities-in-urban-firearm-violence-by-race-and-place-in-philadelphia-pennsylvania-a-cartographic-study
#16
Jessica H Beard, Christopher N Morrison, Sara F Jacoby, Beidi Dong, Randi Smith, Carrie A Sims, Douglas J Wiebe
OBJECTIVES: To describe variability in the burden of firearm violence by race, income, and place in an urban context. METHODS: We used Philadelphia Police Department data from 2013 to 2014 to calculate firearm assault rates within census block groups for both victim residence and event locations, stratifying by race and block group income. We used cartographic modeling to determine variations in incidence of firearm assault by race, neighborhood income, and place...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103075/a-community-based-randomized-trial-of-hepatitis-b-screening-among-high-risk-vietnamese-americans
#17
Grace X Ma, Carolyn Y Fang, Brenda Seals, Ziding Feng, Yin Tan, Philip Siu, Ming Chin Yeh, Sarit A Golub, Minhhuyen T Nguyen, Tam Tran, Minqi Wang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based liver cancer prevention program on hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening among low-income, underserved Vietnamese Americans at high risk. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomized trial involving 36 Vietnamese community-based organizations and 2337 participants in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York City between 2009 and 2014. We randomly assigned 18 community-based organizations to a community-based multilevel HBV screening intervention (n = 1131)...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103071/bridging-the-response-to-mass-shootings-and-urban-violence-exposure-to-violence-in-new-haven-connecticut
#18
Alycia Santilli, Kathleen O'Connor Duffany, Amy Carroll-Scott, Jordan Thomas, Ann Greene, Anita Arora, Alicia Agnoli, Geliang Gan, Jeannette Ickovics
We have described self-reported exposure to gun violence in an urban community of color to inform the movement toward a public health approach to gun violence prevention. The Community Alliance for Research and Engagement at Yale School of Public Health conducted community health needs assessments to document chronic disease prevalence and risk, including exposure to gun violence. We conducted surveys with residents in six low-income neighborhoods in New Haven, Connecticut, using a neighborhood-stratified, population-based sample (n = 1189; weighted sample to represent the neighborhoods, n = 29 675)...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103061/cardiometabolic-mortality-by-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-participation-and-eligibility-in-the-united-states
#19
Zach Conrad, Colin D Rehm, Parke Wilde, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVES: To investigate total and cause-specific cardiometabolic mortality among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants, SNAP-eligible nonparticipants, and SNAP-ineligible individuals overall and by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and other characteristics. METHODS: We performed a prospective study with nationally representative survey data from the National Health Interview Survey (2000-2009), merged with subsequent Public-Use Linked Mortality Files (2000-2011)...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100232/equitable-health-services-for-the-young-a-decomposition-of-income-related-inequalities-in-young-adults-utilization-of-health-care-in-northern-sweden
#20
Paola A Mosquera, Anna-Karin Waenerlund, Isabel Goicolea, Per E Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Despite the goal of the Swedish health system to offer health care according to the principle of horizontal equity, little is known about the equality in access to health care use among young people. To explore this issue, the present study aimed i) to assess horizontal inequity in health care utilization among young people in Northern Sweden; and ii) to explore the contribution of different factors to explain the observed inequalities. METHODS: Participants (N = 3016 youths aged 16-25 years) came from the "Health on Equal terms" survey conducted in 2014 in the four northernmost counties in Sweden...
January 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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